Champions of Change Blog

  • Building Walkable Communities

    Dan Burden

    Dan Burden is being honored as a Transportation Ladders of Opportunity Champion of Change.

    When I was a child in the 50’s my legs (and later my bicycle) gave me freedom to explore distant farms, ponds, creeks, woods, and the homes of many friends. Frequent busses gave me access to my entire city. From this start, I grew a healthy social network and became energized. Then our nation shifted its ways, and for sixty years, mobility switched almost entirely to moving people in cars. Tens of thousands of neighborhoods declined as people fled central cities for greener suburbs. Historic, character-defining buildings began to rot. I returned to my childhood neighborhood recently and truly shed tears for what was lost.

    Halfway from then to now, in 1980, I had an epiphany.  While in Australia, also an auto-served nation, I noticed that all their neighborhoods were intact. What was the difference?  They had people, and they had cars.   I came back to Florida, already seated as the state’s first full time Bicycle Coordinator and without asking permission, changed my job title to “State Pedestrian and Bicycle Coordinator.” This simple change started transformation inside those transportation hallways. Sixteen years later, realizing I needed broader stage, I took to all of North America’s roads almost without pause for the last eighteen years, working in 3,500 towns on people-focused transportation with enhanced car mobility.  Through this process, I learned that by offering choices, especially in urban design, not only do pedestrians, bicyclists and transit riders win, so do drivers and local economies. Building sidewalks or trails, for instance, adds value to homes and 7 times more jobs into communities than equal money spent on freeway ramps.

    Transportation patterns have always played a critical role in shaping our cities – from foot traffic, to horses, trolleys, canals, railroads, trucks, cars and planes.  It’s not surprising that increased mobility in the form of automobile use, led to sprawling cities. Unintended consequences were vast: dying city centers, social isolation, unaffordable roadway systems and separated communities.  We have learned a lot since 1950, but maybe the most remarkable lesson is that we are social creatures who need one another to find value and happiness in our lives.

    Motorist rebellions against my crusades for walkable communities have not developed. The last thing today's motorists want is growth of traffic.  Most taxpayers know instinctively that our road costs have hit the financial breaking point – potholes grow and repaving is forever delayed.  Sixty years of limited transportation choice has taught us that building more roads induces more traffic, delay, lost productivity, sprawling communities and increasing waistlines.  The answer, actually, is very simple: build robust, revitalized cities with greener, lower speed, inclusive streets that invite maximum exchange (social, retail, jobs and activities) with minimized trip lengths.  Build walkable communities. 

    Growing populations of millennials and retiring boomers, want proximity to goods, services and intact neighborhoods. Seniors are now likely to outlive their abilities to drive cars by 7 to14 years, and they want to age where they currently live.   All of us – no matter our age – seek freedom and independence.   As much as 80 percent of our built landscape is now suburban, and many of these sprawled places can be saved through mixed-use centers and villages of defining character.  Across this country, citizens notice that their health and bank balances are deteriorating from their daily transportation choices.  By and large, Americans are tired of wasted hours sitting in traffic, book-ending their work days in frustration, and unsustainable costs, both personal and planetary.  Once informed, they advocate for communities through transportation rather than transportation through communities. 

    Dan Burden is the Director of Innovation and Inspiration at the Walkable and Livable Communities Institute.

  • Improving Safety and Quality of Travel for the Flying Public

    Flavio Leo

    Flavio Leo is being honored as a Transportation Ladders of Opportunity Champion of Change.

    As deputy director of aviation planning and strategy at the Massachusetts Port Authority (Massport), which owns and operates Boston Logan International Airport, my work balances two, often competing interests: the continuous improvement in safety and quality of travel for the flying public; and the mitigation of airport impacts on local neighbors who bear a burden of the indispensable role airports play in today’s global economy. Receiving the White House Champions of Change Award provides an opportunity for me to underscore the importance of successful community engagement if we, as an industry, are to continue to grow.

    Logan Airport contributes substantially to the local and regional economy.  Logan Airport is also an urban airport near downtown Boston with residential neighbors literally next door.  Logan’s flight paths overfly a geographically and demographically diverse greater Boston region.  It is no surprise, therefore, that addressing community concerns, sharing information and looking for opportunities to lessen impacts is an integral part of Logan’s DNA.

    These were the challenging dynamics that attracted me to aviation work in the first place. Massport has a long history of community engagement. At times it has been contentious. One of the first projects I worked on involved airfield improvements at Logan. The process was long, technically challenging -- and controversial, with extensive community interest and engagement. The lesson I took away from this project was that neither airports nor the communities impacted by them are going away any time soon. Both will be forever linked.

    As an aviation professional, I am determined to achieve the highest level of safety and customer service standards for the traveling public. I also recognize that citizens from impacted communities value the airport while, for the most part, they are trying to do what is right for their community as they engage responsible local and federal agencies on what are generally very technical issues for a lay person.  

    Avoiding conflict entirely is difficult. But that does not mean airports and local communities cannot find common ground in a community engagement process that is open, honest, fact-based and credible. That is my hope at any rate.

    For example, when the FAA was rolling out the next generation flight procedures at Logan, it took a lot of time and involved significant resources to achieve community buy-in on an issue that was technically complicated. The new procedures have been implemented. Based on this positive dialogue we had with residents, I also believe the new procedures do address significant community goals. The process is still ongoing and provides a clear roadmap for further success. 

    For example, I work with local think-tanks, the FAA and our airline partners to offer Boston Logan as a laboratory for testing innovative concepts such as MIT’s approach to surface queue management, or the USDOT Volpe Center’s measuring of wake vortex formation and noise modeling algorithms, or JetBlue’s late night advanced procedure that try to avoid heavily populated areas. Based on the feedback we’ve received from the community, we have enhanced our website to help the public better understand the decisions airport operators make by explaining how our airport and airspace work.

    When it comes to mitigating impacts, at Boston Logan we have already picked the “low hanging fruit.” We have soundproofed homes near the airport; adopted better abatement procedures; and aircraft manufacturers have designed cleaner and quieter aircraft engines. Future “silver bullet” solutions to airport impacts will be hard to find if they exist at all, and so we must look for the incremental opportunities available to us from a more informed dialogue with our communities.

    Flavio Leo is the Deputy Director of Aviation Planning and Strategy at the Massachusetts Port Authority.   

  • Fostering Partnerships to Grow a Business in Transportation

    Susan Park Rani

    Susan Park Rani is being honored as a Transportation Ladders of Opportunity Champion of Change.

    I am truly honored to be a White House Champion of Change and to have the opportunity to take part in this event.   

    Like education, public safety, and health and wellness, transportation is a critically important bipartisan issue facing our nation. Moving goods and people to their destinations efficiently and effectively gives our nation the competitive advantage it needs to compete and thrive in the global marketplace today. This is an important and exciting sector of the economy where much innovation in planning, design, and project delivery is destined to provide a greater positive economic impact than in days past.

    I began my career as a professional engineer/business owner when there were no female minority engineering firms in Minnesota. As a pioneer, I looked for creative ways to partner with other firms, engaged in trade and business association with the goal of making a difference in my community. I did not start out with the sole intent to create jobs, but today that is exactly what Rani Engineering is doing for our community.

    From the start, I knew that I had much to learn about the business of consulting engineering and that I needed to find ways to get my foot in the door on new projects. Being a minority female owned engineering firm gave me both a challenge and a great opportunity. The opportunity was that given the economic development goals identified on federally funded transportation projects, we had a chance to compete and earn business.  Our company began by securing small contracts working as a sub-consultant to larger established engineering firms in the community. With time, we accumulated a growing list of successful projects and earned our reputation for quality work and name recognition. Successful project completion invited more invitations for greater participation on larger projects.  This also allowed our firm to establish trusted relationships and partnerships in the engineering and transportation community. At the same time, we sought to be active in both trade and business associations on the board level. Those organizations included St. Paul Area Chamber of Commerce, American Consulting Engineering Companies, MN, Association of Women Contractors and National Association of Minority Contractors.

    Another important decision was to join the City of St. Paul Mayor’s taskforce established to engage with the businesses along the Central Corridor Light Rail Transit (Green Line) in developing a land use framework that would affect the project well before the design effort. This participation resulted in Rani Engineering being chosen to join the team that ultimately won the design contract. Since that time, we have had the opportunity to work on three major light rail transit (LRT) projects in the Twin Cities Metropolitan area and this gave us a chance to start and grow a rail signal niche. Future transit rail and other transportation improvement projects are expected, so we continue to work diligently to earn business, develop and deepen relationships and to grow within our community. 

    Today we are a mature firm with over 20 years of history and unlike in the days I began Rani Engineering, there are many women owned and/or minority firms successfully navigating and thriving in the transportation consulting industry in our community.    

    Susan Park Rani is Founder and President of Rani Engineering Inc. A DBE Certified firm specializing in Civil Engineering, Land Surveying, and Rail Signal Services.

  • Changing Occupant Protection Behaviors in the Hispanic Communities of Chicago and Beyond

    Wanda Vazquez

    Wanda Vasquez is being honored as a Transportation Ladders of Opportunity Champion of Change.

    I am honored to have been nominated and selected by the White House as a Transportation Champion of Change. 

    Since 1985, I have worked with non-profit community organizations. In 2004 as I began working as the Occupant Protection Coordinator for Chicago, I began educating the community on the Traffic Safety issues affecting the Chicago area. As part of my position I had to participate in a National Child Passenger Safety Certification Course. A course that took 4 days and where I was going to learn how to use car seats correctly, to then educate the community. I became a Nationally Certified Child Passenger Safety Technician (CPST) and continued to become and Certified Instructor in 2005. (NHTSA Child Passenger Safety Certification Course, www.NHTSA.gov).

    I learned that traffic crashes are the leading cause of death for children age 4 and ages 11-14. I also learned Hispanic children are at a great risk for injury and death in traffic crashes because their restraint use is low. I knew this first hand, as a Hispanic Women I never used a car seat for my children. Something had to change. 

    I knew that we had a large amount of Hispanics migrating to the United States, specifically to the Chicagoland area, and many never used a car seat in their country.  Many did not speak English, nor know about the laws in the state, and many times were afraid of the police. We had to change their behaviors, in a positive way. We needed individuals that could speak the language, understand the culture and who had a passion for safety. I began teaching the certification course and training bilingual, Hispanic advocates to educate the community on how to keep their families safe. Presentations and car seats inspection events continued to be organized and held in communities throughout the Chicagoland area and throughout the state of Illinois. Families are educated on an individual basis and are oftentimes referred to community organizations or hospitals where car seats are available for a residual fee. Individuals take advantage of these services and now are more aware of the importance of keeping their children safe. The Traffic Safety Behaviors within the Hispanic communities in Chicago has changed. Individuals are using their seat belts and using appropriate car seats for their children. 

    Joining Rincon Family Services as the Traffic Safety Liaison gave me the opportunity to continue educating the Hispanic community. Coordinating the IDOT Traffic Safety Resource Center and a car seat distribution program gave me to opportunity to reach individuals beyond the Chicagoland area. Educating individuals on the importance of staying safe while traveling and using car seats correctly is what I do with a passion. A passion that has driven me to Latin America to train Hispanic Advocates to educate families in their communities. I am proud to be part the growing number of Traffic Safety Advocates nationwide.

    Wanda Vazquez is the IDOT Traffic Safety Liaison at Rincon Family Services.

  • Disability Rights, U.S. Transportation Priorities, and Even Climate Change

    Marilyn Golden

    Marilyn Golden is being honored as a Transportation Ladders of Opportunity Champion of Change.

    For over 25 years, I’ve worked on national system-change to broaden the civil rights of people with disabilities to transportation.

    Pairing “disability” with the term “civil rights” may seem odd to some. The prevailing cultural attitude is that disability is personal; a medical issue. We call that “the medical model” and have worked for decades to broaden the public image of disability to take into account our relationship to society. We want everyone to understand that the prevailing heritage of isolation, segregation, and exclusion experienced by most people with disabilities in just about all human societies is not a function of our disabilities alone, but about how society treats us.

    When I was growing up, segregation and exclusion of people with disabilities was legal. Segregated schools and institutions for people with disabilities had no requirement to provide options for integration. Few people could see what was happening clearly because everything was covered by the gloss of good intentions. The burden of dealing with the consequences of disability rested on the individual. Society had no responsibility to remove barriers to equality.

    Leaping through the years to today, when buildings have ramps so wheelchair users can participate, when government hearings have sign language interpreters so deaf people can participate, when government programs send letters in formats blind people can use, and when schools properly accommodate all children with disabilities, the walls of prejudice and discrimination fall.

    These changes did not occur because social institutions, on their own, chose to include us. They changed because a social movement, the disability rights movement, which is both profoundly original in its thinking and, simultaneously, as traditionally American as civil rights based on race and sex. In the disability rights movement, millions of ordinary men and women have asserted ourselves to demand dignity and our rights.

    This movement succeeded in the 70s, 80s, and 90s to pass federal and state civil rights laws, the most famous, but far from the only one, being the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA). These laws required the changes I named, and many others, too. They have enough teeth that historically-unwilling institutions—education, medical care, employment, housing, the commercial sphere (such as hotels, stores, and restaurants), recreation, and, of course, transportation—all made, literally, concrete changes to become inclusive.

    This struggle is far from over. Too much health care remains inaccessible to people with disabilities; too many people are still institutionalized; and, in transportation, while much has changed, many battles remain. Many people in this movement spend long work days, weeks, and years to realize full equality. It is my true privilege and honor to work among them.

    Lastly, let me point out that our movement’s struggles occur in a broad context of inequitable funding that forms the backdrop to our, and to all, discussions of public transportation in this country. The United States dedicates enormous amounts of funding to infrastructure and other functions that facilitate transport by automobile – $48 billion is proposed by US DOT for 2015, but only $17 billion for public transit.

    These priorities inherently disfavor large sections of the population, including people with disabilities. All the wonderful public and private transit programs, no matter how well they implement the ADA, cannot truly fill this gap. Our country must stop neglecting adequate support for publicly funded transit; privately funded transit; and resources to make our streets, sidewalks, and the pedestrian environment work well—for travelers with disabilities and all transit-dependent populations, including people who can’t afford cars.

    Moreover, spending on autos does not decrease climate change, another critical national priority for everyone; but spending on public transit can. 

    Marilyn Golden is the Senior Policy Analyst at Disability Rights Education & Defense Fund (DREDF).

  • Championing Diversity in the Transportation Industry

    Greer Johnson Gillis

    Greer Johnson Gillis is being honored as a Transportation Ladders of Opportunity Champion of Change.

    I fell in love with the infrastructure and the complex system of roads and bridges of Interstate 285 and the “Spaghetti Junction” interchange of I-285 and I-85 as a teenager traveling to Atlanta for the first time. I began to dream about how that interchange was built, and I knew my destiny would be in transportation engineering.

    Although I was prepared academically for an engineering career, nothing prepared me for the challenges that I would face as a female and a minority in the engineering industry. After attending predominately white colleges in the late 1980s and early 1990s, I had become used to being the only female in my engineering classes, and in some cases, the only African-American in the room.  Today, I sometimes still find myself being the only woman in a meeting to discuss an engineering project, or the only minority in a room full of consultants, or the only female minority in a meeting with my clients. But I have seen many positive changes in my industry, and I am proud to have contributed to making those changes.

    Early in my career, I became involved with Women’s Transportation Seminar International (WTS) and Conference of Minority Transportation Officials (COMTO), which aim to increase the participation for women and minorities in our industry by providing mentoring opportunities, scholarships for students, and leadership training, among other strategies.  By means of these organizations, I work to mentor and to provide opportunities for our next generation of transportation leaders.

    In my work, I’ve had several opportunities to increase participation of women and minorities in our industry by providing access, training, and being a champion for others. I participate in USDOT’s Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization (OSDBU) Mentor-Protégé Program. I mentor a small, women-owned business, Symmetra Design, a transportation and traffic engineering firm in Washington, DC. When the owner, Nicole White,  approached me to join her in the program and help expand her business, I jumped at the chance to help her stratgize! We meet regularly with OSDBU representatives to discuss how we can maximize her success in the federal markets.  We are helping Nicole develop a strong marketing program.  We’ve partnered with her on several major pursuits and projects, including a study of speed cameras in the District of Columbia.  I also mentor another Washington, DC-based DBE (disadvantaged business enterprise) firm, Cube Root Corporation.  We have partnered on many successful projects and pursuits and are helping the owner to develop a strong quality assurance plan for his small company.  Our clients see the value of these partnerships—having diverse thoughts in collaborative forums helps us achieve sound resolution of our clients’ challenges.  Our clients appreciate that we are giving back to our community by mentoring these firms.  

    I continue to see successes every day.  In March of this year, I had the pleasure of chairing COMTO’s Celebrating Women who Move the Nation Awards program, which honored 11 phenomenal women who had changed the face of the transportation industry across all modes.  During the acceptance speeches, I looked out into the audience and saw over 500 transportation professionals sitting in the room.  I was no longer the lone female or the only African-American, or the only minority in the room.  My clients, my peers, my colleagues, and my role models were all in the room – representing the diverse nation that we are.

    Greer Johnson Gillis, P.E., is the Area Manager for Parsons Brinckerhoff, a global engineering and construction management firm, in the Washington, D.C., metropolitan area.

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