U.S. Department of Homeland Security
- Budget 2010: $42,713 million
- Enacted 2009: $39,995 million
- Budget 2010: $9,466 million
- Enacted 2009: $9,288 million
With a total of $42.7 billion for the Department of Homeland Security, the President’s Fiscal Year 2010 Budget addresses key national security priorities that range from border control to cybersecurity. The budget funds key investments to safeguard the nation’s transportation systems. It also includes a targeted investment to make private and public sector cyber infrastructure more secure. The budget strengthens border security and immigration services, as well as efforts to improve the delivery of immigration enforcement by streamlining and modernizing immigration application processes. Further funding is included in order to improve coordination between different levels of government, consistent with the Administration’s priority of making the federal government a better partner to States and localities on key homeland security initiatives.
OUR NATION’S TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS
- Safeguards our nation's transportation systems. The budget funds key investments to reinforce public transportation, enhance maritime transportation, and accelerate the deployment of explosives detection equipment to improve airline security. $50 million will provide 15 new Visual Intermodal Prevention and Response teams at the Transportation Security Administration to increase additional risk-based force protection capability by deploying to transit hubs unannounced. Another $10 million in new resources at DHS will support integrated planning at DHS and the Department of Transportation to inform development and modernization of intermodal freight infrastructure linking coastal and inland ports to highway and rail networks. Additional funding supports critical investments to strengthen the security of U.S. airports and add 109 Bomb Appraisal Officers who specialize in explosives and improvised explosive device (IED) recognition and response. The budget also includes $64 million to modernize the infrastructure used to screen travelers and workers.
CYBERSECURITY AND TECHNOLOGY R&D
- Enhances cybersecurity and technology R&D. $401 million is requested to increase the resiliency and security of private and public sector cyber infrastructure. These funds will support the base operations of the National Cyber Security Division as well as initiatives under the Comprehensive National Cybersecurity Initiative to protect our information networks. $36 million will support ongoing projects to improve surveillance technologies to detect enhanced, emerging and advanced biological threats. Efforts to develop next-generation BioWatch sensors will continue in order to detect bio-attacks at the earliest possible instant. The budget also supports the termination of outdated systems such as the terrestrial-based, long-range radionavigation (Loran-C) operated by U.S. Coast Guard resulting in an offset of $36 million in 2010 and $190 million over five years.
BORDER SECURITY AND IMMIGRATION ENFORCEMENT AND SERVICES
- Strengthens border security and immigration services. The budget supports $45 million for the expansion of an exit pilot at key land ports of entry and other border security priorities. $4,000 million within Customs and Border Protection funds support 20,000 Border Patrol agents protecting nearly 6,000 miles of U.S. borders. $112 million is provided for E-Verify, an electronic employment eligibility verification system, that helps U.S. employers comply with immigration law and ensure that American jobs are available to U.S. citizens and those authorized to work in the U.S. The budget also supports strengthening the delivery of immigration services by streamlining and modernizing immigration application processes.
STATE HOMELAND SECURITY ACTIVITIES
- Supports State homeland security activities. Making the Federal Government a better partner to States and localities on key homeland security initiatives is an Administration priority. Funding is provided to improve coordination between all levels of government, support our first responders, and create more effective emergency response plans. A Risk-based national exercise program will provide assistance to State, local, and tribal partners in offsetting costs of critical homeland security activities. The budget will further expand Medical Surge Capacity and aid in the stockpiling and storing of essential supplies. Funding of $260 million within the existing Homeland Security Grant program will fortify our intelligence system by improving information sharing and analysis by potentially adding thousands more state and local level intelligence analysts.