DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

Office of the Secretary

Federal Funds

Production, Processing and Marketing

Office of the Secretary

For necessary expenses of the Office of the Secretary of Agriculture, [$5,285,000] $5,936,000: Provided, That not to exceed $11,000 of this amount shall be available for official reception and representation expenses, not otherwise provided for, as determined by the Secretary.

Office of the Assistant Secretary for Administration

For necessary expenses of the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Administration, [$806,000] $828,000.

Office of Tribal Relations

For necessary expenses of the Office of Tribal Relations, [$1,000,000] $1,025,000, to support communication and consultation activities with Federally Recognized Tribes, as well as other requirements established by law.

Office of Ecosystem Services Management

For necessary expenses of the Office of Ecosystem Services Management, $2,021,000.

Office of the Assistant Secretary for Congressional Relations

(including transfers of funds)

For necessary expenses of the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Congressional Relations to carry out the programs funded by this Act, including programs involving intergovernmental affairs and liaison within the executive branch, [$3,968,000] $4,081,000: Provided, That these funds may be transferred to agencies of the Department of Agriculture funded by this Act to maintain personnel at the agency level[: Provided further, That no funds made available by this appropriation may be obligated after 30 days from the date of enactment of this Act, unless the Secretary has notified the Committees on Appropriations of both Houses of Congress on the allocation of these funds by USDA agency: Provided further, That no other funds appropriated to the Department by this Act shall be available to the Department for support of activities of congressional relations].

Office of the Under Secretary for Research, Education and Economics

For necessary expenses of the Office of the Under Secretary for Research, Education and Economics, [$895,000] $920,000.

Office of the Under Secretary for Marketing and Regulatory Programs

For necessary expenses of the Office of the Under Secretary for Marketing and Regulatory Programs, [$895,000] $920,000.

Office of the Under Secretary for Food Safety

For necessary expenses of the Office of the Under Secretary for Food Safety, [$813,000] $836,000.

Office of the Under Secretary for Farm and Foreign Agricultural Services

For necessary expenses of the Office of the Under Secretary for Farm and Foreign Agricultural Services, [$895,000] $920,000.

Office of the Under Secretary for Natural Resources and Environment

For necessary expenses of the Office of the Under Secretary for Natural Resources and Environment, [$895,000] $920,000.

Office of the Under Secretary for Rural Development

For necessary expenses of the Office of the Under Secretary for Rural Development, [$895,000] $920,000.

Office of the Under Secretary for Food, Nutrition and Consumer Services

For necessary expenses of the Office of the Under Secretary for Food, Nutrition and Consumer Services, [$813,000] $836,000.

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12-9913-0-1-352 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Obligations by program activity:
00.01 Office of the Secretary 4 6 4
00.02 Under/Assistant Secretaries 9 10 11
00.03 Trade negotiations and biotechnology resources 2 2 2
00.04 Office of Tribal Relations 1 1
00.05 Office of Ecosystem Services and Markets 2
09.02 Reimbursable program 3 3 1



10.00 Total new obligations 18 22 21

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
21.40 Unobligated balance carried forward, start of year 13 3 1
21.45 Adjustments to unobligated balance carried forward, start of year -10 -10
22.00 New budget authority (gross) 18 20 21
22.10 Resources available from recoveries of prior year obligations 1 1



23.90 Total budgetary resources available for obligation 22 23 23
23.95 Total new obligations -18 -22 -21
23.98 Unobligated balance expiring or withdrawn -1



24.40 Unobligated balance carried forward, end of year 3 1 2

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Discretionary:
40.00 Appropriation 15 20 20
41.00 Transferred to other accounts -1



43.00 Appropriation (total discretionary) 15 19 20
58.00 Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) 3 1 1



70.00 Total new budget authority (gross) 18 20 21

Change in obligated balances:
72.40 Obligated balance, start of year -3 2
73.10 Total new obligations 18 22 21
73.20 Total outlays (gross) -18 -20 -21
73.45 Recoveries of prior year obligations -1 -1
74.10 Change in uncollected customer payments from Federal sources (expired) 4



74.40 Obligated balance, end of year 2 1

Outlays (gross), detail:
86.90 Outlays from new discretionary authority 13 19 20
86.93 Outlays from discretionary balances 5 1 1



87.00 Total outlays (gross) 18 20 21

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.00 Offsetting collections (cash) from: Federal sources -7 -1 -1
Against gross budget authority only:
88.96 Portion of offsetting collections (cash) credited to expired accounts 4

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority 15 19 20
90.00 Outlays 11 19 20

The Office of the Secretary is responsible for the overall planning, coordination and administration of the Department's programs. This includes the Secretary, Deputy Secretary, Under Secretaries, Assistant Secretaries, and their immediate staffs, who provide top policy guidance for the Department; maintain relationships with agricultural organizations and others in the development of farm programs; and provide liaison with the Executive Office of the President and Members of Congress on all matters pertaining to agricultural policy.

Funds are proposed for the Office of the Secretary's account for (1) negotiating and monitoring trade agreements; and (2) for technical trade support in the areas of biotechnology, sanitary and phyto-sanitary issues.

In addition, funds are proposed in the Under Secretary of Natural Resources and Environment for the Office of Ecosystem Services and Markets to support the development of market opportunities for America's farmers, ranchers, and forest land owners.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12-9913-0-1-352 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Direct obligations:
11.1 Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent 7 12 13
12.1 Civilian personnel benefits 2 3 4
23.3 Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous charges 1 1 1
25.2 Other services 5 3 2



99.0 Direct obligations 15 19 20
99.0 Reimbursable obligations 3 3 1



99.9 Total new obligations 18 22 21

Employment Summary


Identification code 12-9913-0-1-352 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Direct:
1001 Civilian full-time equivalent employment 59 87 92
Reimbursable:
2001 Civilian full-time equivalent employment 4 14 4

Healthy Food Financing Initiative

For necessary expenses of the Secretary to carry out demonstration projects to increase access to healthy foods in rural and urban areas, $35,000,000, to remain available until September 30, 2012, which the Secretary may use for financial and technical assistance; may transfer to the Intermediary Relending Program, for infrastructure and operations to enhance marketing of locally and regionally produced foods, for the costs of authorized direct loans (as defined in section 502 of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974); and may use, not to exceed $1,400,000, for the Federal administrative costs of carrying out and evaluating such demonstration projects: Provided, That in addition, to further enable the Secretary to carry out such demonstration projects, the Secretary may also reserve a total, in aggregate, of up to $15,000,000 of the funds made available in this or any other Act in the Rural Community Facilities Program account, in the Marketing Services account, in the Rural Business Program account, in the Rural Development Loan Fund Program account, for section 379E of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1981 et seq.) and for section 6 of the Farmer-to-Consumer Direct Marketing Act of 1976 (7 U.S.C. 3005), and the Secretary may use such reserved amounts for technical or financial assistance; for the costs of authorized direct or guaranteed loans (as defined in section 502 of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974); and, not to exceed $600,000, for the Federal administrative costs of carrying out and evaluating such demonstration projects: Provided further, That the Secretary, under the prior proviso, may reserve not more than 10 percent of the funding available for a specific program activity in the accounts specified therein: Provided further, That the Secretary, in carrying out such demonstration projects, may make or guarantee loans notwithstanding any applicable legal limitations regarding eligibility, area served, size of loan, or size of loans made by borrowers that the Secretary determines would interfere with the objectives of such demonstration projects: Provided further, That the Secretary, to carry out such demonstration projects, may transfer the funds appropriated or reserved herein into an account to be used for the costs of direct loans under section 310B(a) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act (7 U.S.C.1932(a)): Provided further, That the Secretary, to carry out such demonstration projects, may use one or more consolidated solicitation and application processes: Provided further, That any funds provided for under this heading for such demonstration projects shall be in addition to any other funds that the Secretary may use for carrying out such projects.

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12-0015-0-1-451 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Obligations by program activity:
00.01 Direct program activity 23



10.00 Total new obligations (object class 41.0) 23

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
22.00 New budget authority (gross) 35
23.95 Total new obligations -23



24.40 Unobligated balance carried forward, end of year 12

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Discretionary:
40.00 Appropriation 35

Change in obligated balances:
73.10 Total new obligations 23
73.20 Total outlays (gross) -23

Outlays (gross), detail:
86.90 Outlays from new discretionary authority 23

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority 35
90.00 Outlays 23

The "Healthy Food Financing Initiative" is designed to support local and regional efforts to increase access to healthy food, particularly for the development of grocery stores and other healthy food retailers in urban and rural food deserts and other low-income/underserved areas. Through the initiative, funds will be made available from a number of loan, grant, promotion, and other programs to provide financial and technical assistance to support market planning and promotion efforts as well as infrastructure and operational improvements designed to stimulate consumer demand, enhance marketing, and increase availability of locally and regionally produced foods.

Trust Funds

Gifts and Bequests

Special and Trust Fund Receipts (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12-8203-0-7-352 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

01.00 Balance, start of year



01.99 Balance, start of year
Receipts:
02.20 Gifts and Bequests, Departmental Administration 1 1 1



02.99 Total receipts and collections 1 1 1



04.00 Total: Balances and collections 1 1 1
Appropriations:
05.00 Gifts and Bequests -1 -1 -1



05.99 Total appropriations -1 -1 -1



07.99 Balance, end of year

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12-8203-0-7-352 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Obligations by program activity:
00.01 Gifts and bequests 1 1 1



10.00 Total new obligations (object class 99.5) 1 1 1

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
21.40 Unobligated balance carried forward, start of year 3 3 3
22.00 New budget authority (gross) 1 1 1



23.90 Total budgetary resources available for obligation 4 4 4
23.95 Total new obligations -1 -1 -1



24.40 Unobligated balance carried forward, end of year 3 3 3

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Mandatory:
60.26 Appropriation (trust fund) 1 1 1

Change in obligated balances:
73.10 Total new obligations 1 1 1
73.20 Total outlays (gross) -1 -1 -1

Outlays (gross), detail:
86.97 Outlays from new mandatory authority 1 1 1

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority 1 1 1
90.00 Outlays 1 1 1

The Secretary is authorized to accept and administer gifts and bequests of real and personal property to facilitate the work of the Department. Property and the proceeds thereof are used in accordance with the terms of the gift or bequest (7 U.S.C. 2269).

Executive Operations

Federal Funds

Common Computing Environment

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12-0113-0-1-352 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Obligations by program activity:
00.01 Common computing environment 7 13 1



10.00 Total new obligations (object class 25.2) 7 13 1

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
21.40 Unobligated balance carried forward, start of year 17 13 1
22.00 New budget authority (gross) -4
22.10 Resources available from recoveries of prior year obligations 7 1



23.90 Total budgetary resources available for obligation 20 14 1
23.95 Total new obligations -7 -13 -1



24.40 Unobligated balance carried forward, end of year 13 1

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Discretionary:
Spending authority from offsetting collections:
58.00 Offsetting collections (cash) -1
58.10 Change in uncollected customer payments from Federal sources (unexpired) -3



58.90 Spending authority from offsetting collections (total discretionary) -4

Change in obligated balances:
72.40 Obligated balance, start of year 8 6 2
73.10 Total new obligations 7 13 1
73.20 Total outlays (gross) -5 -16
73.45 Recoveries of prior year obligations -7 -1
74.00 Change in uncollected customer payments from Federal sources (unexpired) 3



74.40 Obligated balance, end of year 6 2 3

Outlays (gross), detail:
86.93 Outlays from discretionary balances 5 16

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.00 Offsetting collections (cash) from: Federal sources 1
Against gross budget authority only:
88.95 Change in uncollected customer payments from Federal sources (unexpired) 3

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority
90.00 Outlays 6 16

Working Capital Fund

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12-4609-0-4-352 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Obligations by program activity:
09.01 Administration 38 44 42
09.02 Communications 4 4 4
09.03 Finance and management 241 270 273
09.04 Information technology 385 389 386
09.05 Executive secretariat 3 3 3



09.09 Subtotal, operating expenses 671 710 708
09.12 Finance and management 22 10 8
09.13 Information technology 3 10 9



09.19 Subtotal, purchase of equipment 25 20 17



10.00 Total new obligations 696 730 725

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
21.40 Unobligated balance carried forward, start of year 63 68 47
22.00 New budget authority (gross) 701 709 708



23.90 Total budgetary resources available for obligation 764 777 755
23.95 Total new obligations -696 -730 -725



24.40 Unobligated balance carried forward, end of year 68 47 30

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Discretionary:
42.00 Transferred from other accounts 2



43.00 Appropriation (total discretionary) 2
Spending authority from offsetting collections:
58.00 Offsetting collections (cash) 668 709 708
58.10 Change in uncollected customer payments from Federal sources (unexpired) 31



58.90 Spending authority from offsetting collections (total discretionary) 699 709 708



70.00 Total new budget authority (gross) 701 709 708

Change in obligated balances:
72.40 Obligated balance, start of year 120 71 117
73.10 Total new obligations 696 730 725
73.20 Total outlays (gross) -714 -684 -708
74.00 Change in uncollected customer payments from Federal sources (unexpired) -31



74.40 Obligated balance, end of year 71 117 134

Outlays (gross), detail:
86.90 Outlays from new discretionary authority 574 613 612
86.93 Outlays from discretionary balances 140 71 96



87.00 Total outlays (gross) 714 684 708

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (cash) from:
88.00 Federal sources -661 -709 -708
88.40 Non-Federal sources -7



88.90 Total, offsetting collections (cash) -668 -709 -708
Against gross budget authority only:
88.95 Change in uncollected customer payments from Federal sources (unexpired) -31

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority 2
90.00 Outlays 46 -25

This fund finances by advances or reimbursements certain central services in the Department of Agriculture, including duplicating and other visual information services; broadcast media services; supply services; centralized financial management systems; centralized automated data processing systems for payroll, personnel, and related services; voucher payments services; telecommunications services; and information technology systems.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12-4609-0-4-352 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Reimbursable obligations:
Personnel compensation:
11.1 Full-time permanent 169 184 187
11.5 Other personnel compensation 10 5 5



11.9 Total personnel compensation 179 189 192
12.1 Civilian personnel benefits 45 49 50
21.0 Travel and transportation of persons 5 5 5
22.0 Transportation of things 1 1 1
23.1 Rental payments to GSA 9 7 6
23.2 Rental payments to others 7 3 3
23.3 Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous charges 81 87 88
24.0 Printing and reproduction 1 1 1
25.2 Other services 296 331 312
26.0 Supplies and materials 15 9 10
31.0 Equipment 57 48 57



99.9 Total new obligations 696 730 725

Employment Summary


Identification code 12-4609-0-4-352 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Reimbursable:
2001 Civilian full-time equivalent employment 2,178 2,461 2,473

Office of Chief Economist

Federal Funds

office of the chief economist

For necessary expenses of the Office of the Chief Economist, [$13,032,000] $13,175,000. (Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2010.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12-0123-0-1-352 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Obligations by program activity:
00.01 Direct program activity 11 13 13
09.01 Reimbursable program 1 2 2



10.00 Total new obligations 12 15 15

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
21.40 Unobligated balance carried forward, start of year 1
22.00 New budget authority (gross) 12 16 16



23.90 Total budgetary resources available for obligation 12 16 17
23.95 Total new obligations -12 -15 -15



24.40 Unobligated balance carried forward, end of year 1 2

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Discretionary:
40.00 Appropriation 10 13 13
41.00 Transferred to other accounts -1



43.00 Appropriation (total discretionary) 9 13 13
Spending authority from offsetting collections:
58.00 Offsetting collections (cash) 1 2 2
58.10 Change in uncollected customer payments from Federal sources (unexpired) 1



58.90 Spending authority from offsetting collections (total discretionary) 2 2 2
Mandatory:
62.00 Transferred from other accounts 1 1 1



70.00 Total new budget authority (gross) 12 16 16

Change in obligated balances:
72.40 Obligated balance, start of year 7 4 3
73.10 Total new obligations 12 15 15
73.20 Total outlays (gross) -14 -16 -16
73.40 Adjustments in expired accounts (net) -1
74.00 Change in uncollected customer payments from Federal sources (unexpired) -1
74.10 Change in uncollected customer payments from Federal sources (expired) 1



74.40 Obligated balance, end of year 4 3 2

Outlays (gross), detail:
86.90 Outlays from new discretionary authority 9 15 15
86.93 Outlays from discretionary balances 4
86.97 Outlays from new mandatory authority 1 1 1



87.00 Total outlays (gross) 14 16 16

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.00 Offsetting collections (cash) from: Federal sources -2 -2 -2
Against gross budget authority only:
88.95 Change in uncollected customer payments from Federal sources (unexpired) -1
88.96 Portion of offsetting collections (cash) credited to expired accounts 1

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority 10 14 14
90.00 Outlays 12 14 14

The Office of the Chief Economist advises the Secretary of Agriculture on the economic implications of Department policies, programs and proposed legislation. The Office serves as a focal point for USDA's economic intelligence and analysis, risk assessment, and cost-benefit analysis related to domestic and international food and agriculture; provides policy direction for renewable energy development; conducts analyses of climate change impacts on agriculture and forestry; and is responsible for coordination and review of all commodity and aggregate agricultural and food-related data used to develop outlook and situation material within the Department.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12-0123-0-1-352 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Direct obligations:
11.1 Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent 6 9 9
12.1 Civilian personnel benefits 2 2 2
23.3 Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous charges 1
25.2 Other services 2 2 2



99.0 Direct obligations 11 13 13
99.0 Reimbursable obligations 1 2 2



99.9 Total new obligations 12 15 15

Employment Summary


Identification code 12-0123-0-1-352 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Direct:
1001 Civilian full-time equivalent employment 51 62 61
Reimbursable:
2001 Civilian full-time equivalent employment 3

National Appeals Division

Federal Funds

national appeals division

For necessary expenses of the National Appeals Division, [$15,254,000] $15,424,000. (Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2010.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12-0706-0-1-352 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Obligations by program activity:
00.01 National Appeals Division 14 15 15



10.00 Total new obligations 14 15 15

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
22.00 New budget authority (gross) 15 15 15
23.95 Total new obligations -14 -15 -15
23.98 Unobligated balance expiring or withdrawn -1



24.40 Unobligated balance carried forward, end of year

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Discretionary:
40.00 Appropriation 15 15 15

Change in obligated balances:
72.40 Obligated balance, start of year 3 2 3
73.10 Total new obligations 14 15 15
73.20 Total outlays (gross) -14 -14 -15
73.40 Adjustments in expired accounts (net) -1



74.40 Obligated balance, end of year 2 3 3

Outlays (gross), detail:
86.90 Outlays from new discretionary authority 12 12 12
86.93 Outlays from discretionary balances 2 2 3



87.00 Total outlays (gross) 14 14 15

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority 15 15 15
90.00 Outlays 14 14 15

The National Appeals Division (NAD) is responsible for listening to farmers and other rural program participants, and mitigating their disputes with certain agencies within the Department of Agriculture (USDA). The Division makes decisions through fair and impartial administrative hearings and appeals.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12-0706-0-1-352 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Direct obligations:
11.1 Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent 10 11 11
12.1 Civilian personnel benefits 3 2 2
25.1 Advisory and assistance services 1 2 2



99.9 Total new obligations 14 15 15

Employment Summary


Identification code 12-0706-0-1-352 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Direct:
1001 Civilian full-time equivalent employment 94 99 99

Departmental Management

Federal Funds

Departmental Management

Departmental Administration

(including transfers of funds)

For Departmental Administration, [$41,319,000] $30,706,000, to provide for necessary expenses for management support services to offices of the Department and for general administration, security, repairs and alterations, and other miscellaneous supplies and expenses not otherwise provided for and necessary for the practical and efficient work of the Department: Provided, That this appropriation shall be reimbursed from applicable appropriations in this Act for travel expenses incident to the holding of hearings as required by 5 U.S.C. 551-558[: Provided further, That of the amount appropriated, $13,000,000 is for stabilization and reconstruction activities to be carried out under the authority provided by title XIV of the Food and Agriculture Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3101 et seq.) and other applicable laws].

Office of the Chief Information Officer

For necessary expenses of the Office of the Chief Information Officer, [$61,579,000] $63,719,000.

Office of the Chief Financial Officer

For necessary expenses of the Office of the Chief Financial Officer, [$6,566,000] $6,632,000: Provided, That no funds made available by this appropriation may be obligated for FAIR Act or Circular A-76 activities until the Secretary has submitted to the Committees on Appropriations of both Houses of Congress and the Committee on Oversight and Government Reform of the House of Representatives a report on the Department's contracting out policies, including agency budgets for contracting out.

Office of Civil Rights

For necessary expenses of the Office of Civil Rights, [$23,922,000] $24,133,000.

Office of the Assistant Secretary for Civil Rights

For necessary expenses of the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Civil Rights, [$895,000] $907,000.

Office of Budget and Program Analysis

For necessary expenses of the Office of Budget and Program Analysis, [$9,436,000] $9,547,000.

Office of Homeland Security

For necessary expenses of the Office of Homeland Security, [$1,859,000] $1,876,000.

Office of Advocacy and Outreach

For necessary expenses of the Office of Advocacy and Outreach, [$1,700,000] $7,009,000. (Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2010.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12-9915-0-1-350 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Obligations by program activity:
00.01 Office of Advocacy and Outreach 2 7
00.02 Assistant Secretary for Civil Rights 1 1
00.03 Office of Civil Rights 21 24 24
00.04 Office of the Chief Financial Officer 5 7 7
00.05 Office of Budget and Program Analysis 8 9 9
00.06 Office of the Chief Information Officer 17 62 64
00.07 Departmental Administration 30 41 37
00.08 Office of Homeland Security 1 2 2
00.09 2008 Farm Bill (Section 14004) 17 20 22
09.01 Reimbursable program 123 97 86



10.00 Total new obligations 222 265 259

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
21.40 Unobligated balance carried forward, start of year 2 2
22.00 New budget authority (gross) 222 267 259



23.90 Total budgetary resources available for obligation 224 267 261
23.95 Total new obligations -222 -265 -259
23.98 Unobligated balance expiring or withdrawn -2



24.40 Unobligated balance carried forward, end of year 2 2

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Discretionary:
40.00 Appropriation 82 147 151
41.00 Transferred to other accounts -1
42.00 Transferred from other accounts 1 1



43.00 Appropriation (total discretionary) 82 148 151
Spending authority from offsetting collections:
58.00 Offsetting collections (cash) 65 97 86
58.10 Change in uncollected customer payments from Federal sources (unexpired) 58



58.90 Spending authority from offsetting collections (total discretionary) 123 97 86
Mandatory:
62.00 Transferred from other accounts 17 22 22



70.00 Total new budget authority (gross) 222 267 259

Change in obligated balances:
72.40 Obligated balance, start of year -5 15 21
73.10 Total new obligations 222 265 259
73.20 Total outlays (gross) -204 -267 -259
73.40 Adjustments in expired accounts (net) -8
74.00 Change in uncollected customer payments from Federal sources (unexpired) -58
74.10 Change in uncollected customer payments from Federal sources (expired) 68 8



74.40 Obligated balance, end of year 15 21 21

Outlays (gross), detail:
86.90 Outlays from new discretionary authority 150 243 235
86.93 Outlays from discretionary balances 53 2 2
86.97 Outlays from new mandatory authority 1 22 22



87.00 Total outlays (gross) 204 267 259

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.00 Offsetting collections (cash) from: Federal sources -125 -97 -86
Against gross budget authority only:
88.95 Change in uncollected customer payments from Federal sources (unexpired) -58
88.96 Portion of offsetting collections (cash) credited to expired accounts 60

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority 99 170 173
90.00 Outlays 79 170 173

Departmental Management is compromised of the following offices:

Departmental Administration is comprised of offices that provide staff support to policy officials and overall direction and coordination of the Department. These activities include Department-wide programs for human resources management, ethics, occupational safety and health management, real and personal property management, acquisitions and contracting, motor vehicle and aircraft management, supply management, participation of small and disadvantaged businesses, service-disabled veterans programs, emergency coordination and security services, and the regulatory hearing and administrative proceedings conducted by the Administrative Law Judges, and Judicial Officer.

The Office of the Chief Information Officer (OCIO) was established under the Clinger-Cohen Act of 1996 to provide leadership for the Department's information technology (IT) security and IT management activities in support of USDA program delivery. The OCIO is leading USDA in efforts to transform the Department's delivery of information, programs, and services by using integrated services that simplify citizens interaction with their government. The OCIO is responsible for strengthening USDA's Computer Security Program to mitigate threats to USDA's information and IT assets and support the Department's homeland security efforts.

The Office of the Chief Financial Officer (OCFO) was established in 1995 under authority provided in Reorganization Plan Number 2 of 1953 (7 U.S.C. 2201)to comply with the Chief Financial Officers Act of 1990. The OCFO focuses on the Department's financial and performance management activities to improve program delivery and assure maximum contribution to the Secretary's Strategic Goals.

The Office of Civil Rights provides overall leadership responsibility for all Department-wide civil rights activities, including employment opportunity and program non-discrimination policy development, analysis, coordination, and compliance. The Office is responsible for providing leadership in the implementation of best practices that will create an environment where a diverse workforce is valued as a source of strength. The Office has the responsibility for monitoring program activities to ensure that all USDA programs are delivered in a non-discriminatory manner.

The Office of Budget and Program Analysis coordinates the preparation of Departmental budget estimates and legislative reports; administers systems for the allotment and apportionment of funds; provides policy, program and budgetary analysis of USDA programs and proposals; and provides staff assistance to USDA agencies in meeting their responsibility for the development and review of regulations.

The Office of Homeland Security formulates emergency preparedness policies and objectives for USDA. The Staff directs and coordinates all of the Department's program activities that support USDA emergency programs and liaison functions with the Congress, the Department of Homeland Security, and other Federal Departments and agencies involving homeland security, natural disasters, other emergencies, and agriculture-related international civil emergency planning and intelligence activities.

The Office of Advocacy and Outreach was established in 2010 to increase the accessibility of USDA programs to underserved constituents. The office will implement the provisions of the Farm Bill related to outreach to small, beginning, and socially disadvantaged farmers and ranchers. It will oversee the Office of Small Farms Coordination and the Advisory Committee for Beginning Farmers and Ranchers. A Farmworker Coordinator position will be created to serve as a liaison to community-based nonprofit organizations that represent low-income migrant and seasonal farmworkers and to consult with other appropriate institutions.The Office will coordinate with USDA agencies on the activities of the Outreach and Assistance for Socially Disadvantaged Farmers and Ranchers Competitive Grants Program, the Farm Labor Housing Grants Program, and the Beginning Farmer and Rancher Development Program.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12-9915-0-1-350 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Direct obligations:
11.1 Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent 45 61 57
12.1 Civilian personnel benefits 10 16 16
21.0 Travel and transportation of persons 1 2 1
23.3 Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous charges 2 4 4
24.0 Printing and reproduction 1 1
25.2 Other services 13 34 44
25.3 Other purchases of goods and services from Government accounts 9 25 26
26.0 Supplies and materials 1 1 1
31.0 Equipment 1 4 3
41.0 Grants, subsidies, and contributions 17 19 20



99.0 Direct obligations 99 167 173
99.0 Reimbursable obligations 122 97 86
99.5 Below reporting threshold 1 1



99.9 Total new obligations 222 265 259

Employment Summary


Identification code 12-9915-0-1-350 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Direct:
1001 Civilian full-time equivalent employment 425 583 545
Reimbursable:
2001 Civilian full-time equivalent employment 168 138 147

Hazardous Materials Management

(including transfers of funds)

For necessary expenses of the Department of Agriculture, to comply with the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (42 U.S.C. 9601 et seq.) and the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (42 U.S.C. 6901 et seq.), [$5,125,000] $5,139,000, to remain available until expended: Provided, That appropriations and funds available herein to the Department for Hazardous Materials Management may be transferred to any agency of the Department for its use in meeting all requirements pursuant to the above Acts on Federal and non-Federal lands. (42 U.S.C. 6961, et seq., 42 U.S.C. 9601, et seq.; Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2010.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12-0500-0-1-304 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Obligations by program activity:
00.01 Hazardous materials management 9 5 5



10.00 Total new obligations 9 5 5

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
21.40 Unobligated balance carried forward, start of year 3
22.00 New budget authority (gross) 5 5 5
22.10 Resources available from recoveries of prior year obligations 1



23.90 Total budgetary resources available for obligation 9 5 5
23.95 Total new obligations -9 -5 -5



24.40 Unobligated balance carried forward, end of year

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Discretionary:
40.00 Appropriation 5 5 5

Change in obligated balances:
72.40 Obligated balance, start of year 18 18 14
73.10 Total new obligations 9 5 5
73.20 Total outlays (gross) -8 -9 -10
73.45 Recoveries of prior year obligations -1



74.40 Obligated balance, end of year 18 14 9

Outlays (gross), detail:
86.90 Outlays from new discretionary authority 3 5 5
86.93 Outlays from discretionary balances 5 4 5



87.00 Total outlays (gross) 8 9 10

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority 5 5 5
90.00 Outlays 8 9 10

Under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA) and the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA), the Department has the responsibility to meet the same standards for environmental cleanup and regulatory compliance regarding hazardous wastes and hazardous substances as private businesses. With substantial commitments under these Acts, a central fund the Hazardous Materials Management account, has been established so that the Department's agencies may be reimbursed for their cleanup efforts. The Department determines what projects to fund by using objective criteria that identify what sites pose the greatest threats to public health and the environment.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12-0500-0-1-304 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Direct obligations:
11.1 Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent 1 1 1
25.2 Other services 8 4 4



99.9 Total new obligations 9 5 5

Employment Summary


Identification code 12-0500-0-1-304 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Direct:
1001 Civilian full-time equivalent employment 7 7 7

Agriculture Buildings and Facilities and Rental Payments

(including transfers of funds)

For payment of space rental and related costs pursuant to Public Law 92-313, including authorities pursuant to the 1984 delegation of authority from the Administrator of General Services to the Department of Agriculture under 40 U.S.C. 486, for programs and activities of the Department which are included in this Act, and for alterations and other actions needed for the Department and its agencies to consolidate unneeded space into configurations suitable for release to the Administrator of General Services, and for the operation, maintenance, improvement, and repair of Agriculture buildings and facilities, and for related costs, [$293,093,000] $277,937,000, to remain available until expended, of which [$184,812,000] $178,470,000 shall be available for payments to the General Services Administration for rent; of which [$13,500,000] $13,800,000 for payment to the Department of Homeland Security for building security activities; and of which [$94,781,000] $85,667,000 for buildings operations and maintenance expenses: Provided, That the Secretary [shall] may use [$15,911,000 of these funds] unobligated balances from prior years to cover shortfalls incurred in prior year rental payments: Provided further, That the Secretary is authorized to transfer funds from a Departmental agency to this account to recover the full cost of the space and security expenses of that agency that are funded by this account when the actual costs exceed the agency estimate which will be available for the activities and payments described herein. (Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2010.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12-0117-0-1-352 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Obligations by program activity:
00.01 Rental payments to GSA: Non-recurring repairs 157 185 178
00.02 Building operations and maintenance 35 74 73
00.03 Homeland Security 11 13 13
00.04 DHS building security 13 14 14
00.05 Building renovations 17 7
09.02 Reimbursable program 2 3 3



10.00 Total new obligations 235 296 281

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
21.40 Unobligated balance carried forward, start of year -66 -24 27
22.00 New budget authority (gross) 272 296 281
22.10 Resources available from recoveries of prior year obligations 5



23.90 Total budgetary resources available for obligation 211 272 308
23.95 Total new obligations -235 -296 -281
23.97 Deficiency 511



24.40 Unobligated balance carried forward, end of year -24 27 27

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Discretionary:
40.00 Appropriation 268 293 278
58.00 Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) 4 3 3



70.00 Total new budget authority (gross) 272 296 281

Change in obligated balances:
72.40 Obligated balance, start of year 36 26 5
73.10 Total new obligations 235 296 281
73.20 Total outlays (gross) -240 -317 -284
73.45 Recoveries of prior year obligations -5



74.40 Obligated balance, end of year 26 5 2

Outlays (gross), detail:
86.90 Outlays from new discretionary authority 209 293 278
86.93 Outlays from discretionary balances 31 24 6



87.00 Total outlays (gross) 240 317 284

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.00 Offsetting collections (cash) from: Federal sources -4 -3 -3

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority 268 293 278
90.00 Outlays 236 314 281

Memorandum (non-add) entries:
91.90 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Deficiency 51

1USDA will submit the statutorily required letter acknowledging this deficiency. This account does not have authority to use carry over balances for prior year deficiencies.

This account finances the General Services Administration's fees for rental of space and the Department of Homeland Security's security-related fees. The appropriation covers all fees for all regular appropriated accounts within the Department of Agriculture with the exception of the Forest Service. This account also finances the day to day operations, repair, improvement and maintenance activities of two buildings in the Headquarters complex.

In 2010, this account received $15,911,000 to pay GSA for prior year shortfalls in rental payments incurred between 2004 and 2008. The account is currently showing a deficiency of $51,000,000. The 2011 budget requests authority to use prior year carryover balances to cover the deficiency.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12-0117-0-1-352 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Direct obligations:
11.1 Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent 8 8 8
12.1 Civilian personnel benefits 2 2 2
23.1 Rental payments to GSA 157 185 178
23.3 Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous charges 11 11 11
25.2 Other services 42 74 66
25.3 Other purchases of goods and services from Government accounts 13 13 13



99.0 Direct obligations 233 293 278
99.0 Reimbursable obligations 2 3 3



99.9 Total new obligations 235 296 281

Employment Summary


Identification code 12-0117-0-1-352 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Direct:
1001 Civilian full-time equivalent employment 79 88 88

Office of Communications

Federal Funds

Office of Communications

For necessary expenses of the Office of Communications, [$9,722,000] $9,839,000. (Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2010.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12-0150-0-1-352 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Obligations by program activity:
00.01 Public affairs 10 10 10



10.00 Total new obligations 10 10 10

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
22.00 New budget authority (gross) 10 10 10
23.95 Total new obligations -10 -10 -10

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Discretionary:
40.00 Appropriation 10 10 10

Change in obligated balances:
72.40 Obligated balance, start of year 1 2 2
73.10 Total new obligations 10 10 10
73.20 Total outlays (gross) -9 -10 -10



74.40 Obligated balance, end of year 2 2 2

Outlays (gross), detail:
86.90 Outlays from new discretionary authority 8 9 9
86.93 Outlays from discretionary balances 1 1 1



87.00 Total outlays (gross) 9 10 10

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority 10 10 10
90.00 Outlays 9 10 10

The Office of Communications provides leadership, expertise, counsel, and coordination for the development and implementation of communication strategies, which are vital to the overall formation, awareness and acceptance of U.S. Department of Agriculture programs and policies. OC serves as the principal USDA contact point for dissemination of consistent, timely information.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12-0150-0-1-352 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Direct obligations:
11.1 Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent 7 7 7
12.1 Civilian personnel benefits 2 2 2



99.0 Direct obligations 9 9 9
99.0 Reimbursable obligations 1 1 1



99.9 Total new obligations 10 10 10

Employment Summary


Identification code 12-0150-0-1-352 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Direct:
1001 Civilian full-time equivalent employment 65 77 77

Office of the Inspector General

Federal Funds

Office of Inspector General

For necessary expenses of the Office of Inspector General, including employment pursuant to the Inspector General Act of 1978, [$88,725,000] $90,300,000, including such sums as may be necessary for contracting and other arrangements with public agencies and private persons pursuant to section 6(a)(9) of the Inspector General Act of 1978, and including not to exceed $125,000 for certain confidential operational expenses, including the payment of informants, to be expended under the direction of the Inspector General pursuant to Public Law 95-452 and section 1337 of Public Law 97-98. (7 U.S.C. 450b, 2201, 2202, 2220, 2270; Public Law 100-504; Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2010.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12-0900-0-1-352 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Obligations by program activity:
00.01 Office of the Inspector General 94 86 89
09.01 Reimbursable program 3 3 3



10.00 Total new obligations 97 89 92

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
21.40 Unobligated balance carried forward, start of year 8 23 27
22.00 New budget authority (gross) 112 93 94



23.90 Total budgetary resources available for obligation 120 116 121
23.95 Total new obligations -97 -89 -92



24.40 Unobligated balance carried forward, end of year 23 27 29

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Discretionary:
40.00 Appropriation 108 89 90
58.00 Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) 4 4 4



70.00 Total new budget authority (gross) 112 93 94

Change in obligated balances:
72.40 Obligated balance, start of year 11 16 6
73.10 Total new obligations 97 89 92
73.20 Total outlays (gross) -88 -99 -100
73.40 Adjustments in expired accounts (net) -4
74.10 Change in uncollected customer payments from Federal sources (expired) 3



74.40 Obligated balance, end of year 16 6 1

Outlays (gross), detail:
86.90 Outlays from new discretionary authority 82 85 86
86.93 Outlays from discretionary balances 6 14 14



87.00 Total outlays (gross) 88 99 100

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.00 Offsetting collections (cash) from: Federal sources -4 -4 -4

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority 108 89 90
90.00 Outlays 84 95 96

The Office keeps the Secretary and Congress informed about fraud, other serious problems, mismanagement, and deficiencies in Department programs and operations, recommends corrective action, and reports on the progress made in correcting the problems. It reviews existing and proposed legislation and regulations and makes recommendations to the Secretary and Congress regarding the impact these laws have on the Department's programs and the prevention and detection of fraud and mismanagement in such programs. The Office provides policy direction and conducts, supervises, and coordinates all audits and investigations. The Office supervises and coordinates other activities in the Department and between the Department and other Federal, State and local government agencies whose purposes are to: (a) promote economy and efficiency; (b) prevent and detect fraud and mismanagement; and (c) identify and prosecute people involved in fraud or mismanagement.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12-0900-0-1-352 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Direct obligations:
11.1 Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent 66 58 58
12.1 Civilian personnel benefits 17 17 18
21.0 Travel and transportation of persons 4 4 4
23.3 Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous charges 1 1 2
25.2 Other services 3 3 4
25.3 Other purchases of goods and services from Government accounts 1 1 1
26.0 Supplies and materials 1 1 1
31.0 Equipment 1 1 1



99.0 Direct obligations 94 86 89
99.0 Reimbursable obligations 3 3 3



99.9 Total new obligations 97 89 92

Employment Summary


Identification code 12-0900-0-1-352 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Direct:
1001 Civilian full-time equivalent employment 550 600 600

Office of the General Counsel

Federal Funds

Office of the General Counsel

For necessary expenses of the Office of the General Counsel, [$43,551,000] $45,654,000. (7 U.S.C. 2201; 2202, 2214a; Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2010.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12-2300-0-1-352 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Obligations by program activity:
00.01 Office of the General Counsel 41 44 46
09.00 Reimbursable program 4 4 4



10.00 Total new obligations 45 48 50

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
22.00 New budget authority (gross) 46 48 50
23.95 Total new obligations -45 -48 -50

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Discretionary:
40.00 Appropriation 42 44 46
Spending authority from offsetting collections:
58.00 Offsetting collections (cash) 3 4 4
58.10 Change in uncollected customer payments from Federal sources (unexpired) 1



58.90 Spending authority from offsetting collections (total discretionary) 4 4 4



70.00 Total new budget authority (gross) 46 48 50

Change in obligated balances:
72.40 Obligated balance, start of year 3 4 4
73.10 Total new obligations 45 48 50
73.20 Total outlays (gross) -44 -48 -50
74.00 Change in uncollected customer payments from Federal sources (unexpired) -1
74.10 Change in uncollected customer payments from Federal sources (expired) 1



74.40 Obligated balance, end of year 4 4 4

Outlays (gross), detail:
86.90 Outlays from new discretionary authority 41 46 48
86.93 Outlays from discretionary balances 3 2 2



87.00 Total outlays (gross) 44 48 50

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.00 Offsetting collections (cash) from: Federal sources -4 -4 -4
Against gross budget authority only:
88.95 Change in uncollected customer payments from Federal sources (unexpired) -1
88.96 Portion of offsetting collections (cash) credited to expired accounts 1

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority 42 44 46
90.00 Outlays 40 44 46

The Office of the General Counsel of the Department of Agriculture provides all legal advice, counsel, and services to the Secretary and to all agencies, offices, and corporations of the Department on all aspects of their operations. It represents the Department in administrative proceedings; nonlitigation debt collection proceedings; State water rights adjudications; proceedings before the Environmental Protection Agency, Federal Maritime Administration, International Trade Commission, and other Federal agencies; and, in conjunction with the Department of Justice, in judicial proceedings and litigation. All attorneys and related support personnel devoted to those efforts are under the supervision of the General Counsel.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12-2300-0-1-352 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Direct obligations:
11.1 Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent 30 33 35
12.1 Civilian personnel benefits 8 9 9
23.3 Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous charges 1 1 1
25.2 Other services 1 1 1
26.0 Supplies and materials 1



99.0 Direct obligations 41 44 46
99.0 Reimbursable obligations 4 4 4



99.9 Total new obligations 45 48 50

Employment Summary


Identification code 12-2300-0-1-352 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Direct:
1001 Civilian full-time equivalent employment 277 290 292
Reimbursable:
2001 Civilian full-time equivalent employment 25 28 26

Economic Research Service

Federal Funds

Economic Research Service

For necessary expenses of the Economic Research Service, [$82,478,000] $87,171,000. (7 U.S.C. 292, 411, 427, 1441a, 1704, 1761-68, 2201, 2202, 2225, 3103, 3291, 3311, 3504; 22 U.S.C. 3101; 42 U.S.C. 1891-93; 44 U.S.C. 3501-11; 50 U.S.C. 2061 et seq., 2251 et seq.; Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2010.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12-1701-0-1-352 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Obligations by program activity:
00.01 Economic Research Service 79 83 87
09.00 Reimbursable program 1 1 1



10.00 Total new obligations 80 84 88

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
21.40 Unobligated balance carried forward, start of year 1 1
22.00 New budget authority (gross) 81 83 88



23.90 Total budgetary resources available for obligation 82 84 88
23.95 Total new obligations -80 -84 -88
23.98 Unobligated balance expiring or withdrawn -1



24.40 Unobligated balance carried forward, end of year 1

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Discretionary:
40.00 Appropriation 80 82 87
Spending authority from offsetting collections:
58.00 Offsetting collections (cash) 1 1
58.10 Change in uncollected customer payments from Federal sources (unexpired) 1



58.90 Spending authority from offsetting collections (total discretionary) 1 1 1



70.00 Total new budget authority (gross) 81 83 88

Change in obligated balances:
72.40 Obligated balance, start of year 29 27 29
73.10 Total new obligations 80 84 88
73.20 Total outlays (gross) -80 -82 -88
73.40 Adjustments in expired accounts (net) -1
74.00 Change in uncollected customer payments from Federal sources (unexpired) -1



74.40 Obligated balance, end of year 27 29 29

Outlays (gross), detail:
86.90 Outlays from new discretionary authority 63 72 77
86.93 Outlays from discretionary balances 17 10 11



87.00 Total outlays (gross) 80 82 88

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.00 Offsetting collections (cash) from: Federal sources -1 -1
Against gross budget authority only:
88.95 Change in uncollected customer payments from Federal sources (unexpired) -1

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority 80 82 87
90.00 Outlays 80 81 87

The Economic Research Service provides economic and other social science research and analysis for public and private decisions on agriculture, food, natural resources, and rural America. The 2011 Budget request includes a program increase of $2 million to support community access to local foods and $1 million to maintain data integrity and confidentiality. These increases are offset by reductions of $3 million in lower priority activities.

In addition, as part of a government-wide data improvement program, the 2011 budget includes an increase of $4 million to strengthen the Departments statistical protocols and tools. This includes a $2 million initiative to establish a structure among statistical agencies, managed through ERS, to improve data access, develop tools for data processing, and increase the utility and coordination of statistical protocols and tool for Federal data. The 2011 budget also includes an increase of $2 million for an administrative data pilot project. Administrative data, information collected in conjunction with administering government programs, provide an opportunity for increasing the statistical ability to understand and address critical policy issues. The goal of this initial project will be: (1) to understand how nutrition assistance and other government programs work together to provide a social safety net and (2) how nutrition assistance and health care policy work together to improve dietary and health outcomes.

Miscellaneous funds received from States, local organizations, and others are available for support of economic research and analysis (7 U.S.C. 450b, 450h, 3318b).

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12-1701-0-1-352 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation:
11.1 Full-time permanent 37 41 44
11.3 Other than full-time permanent 1 1 1
11.5 Other personnel compensation 1 1 1



11.9 Total personnel compensation 39 43 46
12.1 Civilian personnel benefits 9 9 9
21.0 Travel and transportation of persons 1 1 1
23.3 Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous charges 1 1 1
25.2 Other services 7 7 7
25.3 Other purchases of goods and services from Government accounts 11 11 12
25.5 Research and development contracts 8 8 8
26.0 Supplies and materials 1 1 1
31.0 Equipment 1 1 1
41.0 Grants, subsidies, and contributions 1 1 1



99.0 Direct obligations 79 83 87
99.0 Reimbursable obligations 1 1 1



99.9 Total new obligations 80 84 88

Employment Summary


Identification code 12-1701-0-1-352 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Direct:
1001 Civilian full-time equivalent employment 388 398 408
Reimbursable:
2001 Civilian full-time equivalent employment 1 1 1

National Agricultural Statistics Service

Federal Funds

National Agricultural Statistics Service

For necessary expenses of the National Agricultural Statistics Service, [$161,830,000] $164,721,000, of which up to [$37,908,000] $33,494,000 shall be available until expended for the Census of Agriculture. (7 U.S.C. 411, 411a, 411b, 427, 471, 475, 476, 501, 951, 953, 955-57, 2201, 2202, 2204, 2225, 2248, 3103, 3311, 3504; 18 U.S.C. 1902, 1905, 2072; 42 U.S.C. 1891-93; 44 U.S.C. 3501-11; 50 U.S.C. 2061 et seq., 2251 et seq.; Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2010.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12-1801-0-1-352 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Obligations by program activity:
00.01 Agricultural estimates 105 117 124
00.02 Statistical research and service 7 7 7
00.03 Census of agriculture 37 43 34
09.01 Reimbursable program 24 21 22



10.00 Total new obligations 173 188 187

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
21.40 Unobligated balance carried forward, start of year 1 5
22.00 New budget authority (gross) 176 183 187
22.10 Resources available from recoveries of prior year obligations 1



23.90 Total budgetary resources available for obligation 178 188 187
23.95 Total new obligations -173 -188 -187



24.40 Unobligated balance carried forward, end of year 5

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Discretionary:
40.00 Appropriation 152 162 165
41.00 Transferred to other accounts -37 -37 -34
42.00 Transferred from other accounts 37 37 34



43.00 Appropriation (total discretionary) 152 162 165
Spending authority from offsetting collections:
58.00 Offsetting collections (cash) 21 21 22
58.10 Change in uncollected customer payments from Federal sources (unexpired) 3



58.90 Spending authority from offsetting collections (total discretionary) 24 21 22



70.00 Total new budget authority (gross) 176 183 187

Change in obligated balances:
72.40 Obligated balance, start of year 20 22 27
73.10 Total new obligations 173 188 187
73.20 Total outlays (gross) -169 -183 -187
73.40 Adjustments in expired accounts (net) -1
73.45 Recoveries of prior year obligations -1
74.00 Change in uncollected customer payments from Federal sources (unexpired) -3
74.10 Change in uncollected customer payments from Federal sources (expired) 3



74.40 Obligated balance, end of year 22 27 27

Outlays (gross), detail:
86.90 Outlays from new discretionary authority 150 165 169
86.93 Outlays from discretionary balances 19 18 18



87.00 Total outlays (gross) 169 183 187

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (cash) from:
88.00 Federal sources -21 -18 -18
88.40 Non-Federal sources -3 -3 -4



88.90 Total, offsetting collections (cash) -24 -21 -22
Against gross budget authority only:
88.95 Change in uncollected customer payments from Federal sources (unexpired) -3
88.96 Portion of offsetting collections (cash) credited to expired accounts 3

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority 152 162 165
90.00 Outlays 145 162 165

The 2011 request for NASS is an increase of $2.9 million from the 2010 enacted. Of that increase $1.7 million is for salary increases and $1.2 million represent net increases in programs, funding high priority program needs through reductions in lower prioritiy activities:

Agricultural estimates.—The Service provides the official National and State estimates of acreage, yield, and production of crops, stocks, and value of farm commodities, and numbers of inventory values of livestock items. Data on approximately 120 crops and 45 livestock products are covered in over 500 reports issued each year. Detailed data are also collected on agricultural labor and expenditures. In addition, the Census of Agriculture is conducted every five years, which provides comprehensive data on the Nation's agricultural industry down to the county level. Incentives and promotional items are used by National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) to support outreach efforts to maximize response rates on surveys and the Census of Agriculture.
The work under this activity is conducted through 46 field offices serving the 50 States and Puerto Rico; most of these offices are operated as joint State and Federal services. Cooperative arrangements with State agencies provide additional State and county data. The 2011 Budget request includes an increase of $5 million in county estimates to allow the first phase of implementation of new methodologies leading to more efficient and higher quality county-level estimates. These estimates are used by USDA agencies to administer various programs, including the Risk Management Agency's Group Risk Plan and Group Risk Income Protection. In support of the Administration priorities NASS also requests (1) an increase of $0.5 million in rotational organic agriculture to allow NASS to begin a comprehensive data series on organic production, handling and distribution; and (2) an increase of $0.8 million in remote sensing to allow USDA to expand the number of states that have a cropland data layer and provide NASS with the ability to collect additional data on crop conditions, soil moisture, and/or drought monitoring to fulfill an important international gap. The development of a web-accessible geo-spatial tool for crop progress and condition data will aid economic and policy analysis to help agriculture mitigate and adapt to climate change. To support these critical initiatives, and after a careful review of existing programs, NASS will eliminate the July Sheep and Goats Inventory survey.

Census of Agriculture.—The Census of Agriculture is conducted every five years to take a snapshot of America's agriculture. This picture, when compared to earlier censuses, helps to measure trends and new developments in the agricultural sector of our Nation's economy. The Census is critical because it provides the only source of comparable and consistent detailed data about agriculture at the county level. In order to support Administration priorities NASS carefully reviewed existing programs to determine where reductions could be taken. As a result of this review NASS recommends the following: the cancellation of the decennial 2010 Tenure, Ownership, and Transition of Agricultural Land (TOTAL), and the cancellation of the Census of Aquaculture.
Miscellaneous funds received from local organizations, commodity groups, and others are available for dissemination of reports and for survey work conducted under cooperative agreements (7 U.S.C. 450b, 450h, 3318b).

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12-1801-0-1-352 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation:
11.1 Full-time permanent 73 81 82
11.3 Other than full-time permanent 1 1 1
11.5 Other personnel compensation 1 1 1



11.9 Total personnel compensation 75 83 84
12.1 Civilian personnel benefits 22 25 25
21.0 Travel and transportation of persons 3 3 2
22.0 Transportation of things 1 2 1
23.3 Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous charges 5 6 6
24.0 Printing and reproduction 1 1 1
25.2 Other services 30 29 33
25.3 Other purchases of goods and services from Government accounts 7 10 9
25.7 Operation and maintenance of equipment 1 1 1
26.0 Supplies and materials 1 2 1
31.0 Equipment 3 5 2



99.0 Direct obligations 149 167 165
99.0 Reimbursable obligations 24 21 22



99.9 Total new obligations 173 188 187

Employment Summary


Identification code 12-1801-0-1-352 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Direct:
1001 Civilian full-time equivalent employment 991 1,068 1,069
Reimbursable:
2001 Civilian full-time equivalent employment 102 106 106

Agricultural Research Service

Federal Funds

Agricultural Research Service

salaries and expenses

For necessary expenses of the Agricultural Research Service and for acquisition of lands by donation, exchange, or purchase at a nominal cost not to exceed $100, and for land exchanges where the lands exchanged shall be of equal value or shall be equalized by a payment of money to the grantor which shall not exceed 25 percent of the total value of the land or interests transferred out of Federal ownership, [$1,179,639,000, of which $44,138,000 shall be for the purposes, and in the amounts, specified in the table titled "Congressionally Designated Projects'' in the statement of managers to accompany this Act] $1,199,669,000: Provided, That appropriations hereunder shall be available for the operation and maintenance of aircraft and the purchase of not to exceed one for replacement only: Provided further, That appropriations hereunder shall be available pursuant to 7 U.S.C. 2250 for the construction, alteration, and repair of buildings and improvements, but unless otherwise provided, the cost of constructing any one building shall not exceed $375,000, except for headhouses or greenhouses which shall each be limited to $1,200,000, and except for 10 buildings to be constructed or improved at a cost not to exceed $750,000 each, and the cost of altering any one building during the fiscal year shall not exceed 10 percent of the current replacement value of the building or $375,000, whichever is greater: Provided further, That the limitations on alterations contained in this Act shall not apply to modernization or replacement of existing facilities at Beltsville, Maryland: Provided further, That appropriations hereunder shall be available for granting easements at the Beltsville Agricultural Research Center: Provided further, That the foregoing limitations shall not apply to replacement of buildings needed to carry out the Act of April 24, 1948 (21 U.S.C. 113a): Provided further, That funds may be received from any State, other political subdivision, organization, or individual for the purpose of establishing or operating any research facility or research project of the Agricultural Research Service, as authorized by law. (7 U.S.C. 328, 427, 427i, 1281 note, 1621, 2201, 2204, 2225, 3101 note; 10 U.S.C. 2306; 16 U.S.C. 590(a)-590(b), 590(k); 18 U.S.C. 1114; 19 U.S.C. 1306(a), 1306(c); 20 U.S.C. 191-194; 21 U.S.C. 114c, 114e-131; 42 U.S.C. 1476(e), 1483; Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2010.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12-1400-0-1-352 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Obligations by program activity:
00.01 Product quality/value added 108 111 113
00.02 Livestock production 86 88 85
00.03 Crop production 204 214 220
00.04 Food safety 97 98 104
00.05 Livestock protection 67 70 66
00.06 Crop protection 191 197 204
00.07 Human nutrition research 85 90 90
00.08 Environmental stewardship 225 234 240
00.09 National Agricultural Library 23 22 24
00.10 Repair and maintenance of facilities 17 17 18
00.11 Collaborative research program 3
00.12 Homeland security 35 39 36
00.13 H1N1 Transfer From HHS 2
00.14 Miscellaneous Fees 4
09.00 Reimbursable program 102 102 102



10.00 Total new obligations 1,243 1,288 1,302

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
21.40 Unobligated balance carried forward, start of year 3 4
22.00 New budget authority (gross) 1,246 1,282 1,302
22.22 Unobligated balance transferred from other accounts 2



23.90 Total budgetary resources available for obligation 1,249 1,288 1,302
23.95 Total new obligations -1,243 -1,288 -1,302
23.98 Unobligated balance expiring or withdrawn -2



24.40 Unobligated balance carried forward, end of year 4

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Discretionary:
40.00 Appropriation 1,140 1,180 1,200
42.00 Transferred from other accounts 3



43.00 Appropriation (total discretionary) 1,143 1,180 1,200
Spending authority from offsetting collections:
58.00 Offsetting collections (cash) 42 102 102
58.10 Change in uncollected customer payments from Federal sources (unexpired) 61



58.90 Spending authority from offsetting collections (total discretionary) 103 102 102



70.00 Total new budget authority (gross) 1,246 1,282 1,302

Change in obligated balances:
72.40 Obligated balance, start of year 300 300 295
73.10 Total new obligations 1,243 1,288 1,302
73.20 Total outlays (gross) -1,239 -1,293 -1,336
73.40 Adjustments in expired accounts (net) -10
74.00 Change in uncollected customer payments from Federal sources (unexpired) -61
74.10 Change in uncollected customer payments from Federal sources (expired) 67



74.40 Obligated balance, end of year 300 295 261

Outlays (gross), detail:
86.90 Outlays from new discretionary authority 966 985 1,001
86.93 Outlays from discretionary balances 273 308 335



87.00 Total outlays (gross) 1,239 1,293 1,336

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (cash) from:
88.00 Federal sources -86 -83 -83
88.40 Non-Federal sources -19 -19 -19



88.90 Total, offsetting collections (cash) -105 -102 -102
Against gross budget authority only:
88.95 Change in uncollected customer payments from Federal sources (unexpired) -61
88.96 Portion of offsetting collections (cash) credited to expired accounts 63

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority 1,143 1,180 1,200
90.00 Outlays 1,134 1,191 1,234

The Agricultural Research Service (ARS) is the principal in-house research agency of the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA). The ARS mission is to conduct research to develop and transfer solutions to agricultural problems of high national priority and to provide information access and dissemination to: ensure high-quality, safe food, and other agricultural products; assess the nutritional needs of Americans; sustain a competitive agricultural economy; enhance the natural resource base and the environment; and provide economic opportunities for rural citizens, communities, and society as a whole. The ARS' mission is carried out through its major research program areas and other activities listed below (in italics).

ARS major research programs—New Products/Product Quality/Value Added; Livestock/Crop Production; Food Safety; Livestock/Crop Protection; Human Nutrition; and Environmental Stewardship—address the Departments priorities.

The ARS 2011 Salaries and Expenses (S&E) Budget requests $1.2 billion, an increase of $20 million from the 2010 Enacted level , and includes $10 million for salary increases. The request also includes $63 million for high priority increases, including $21 million to support programs in bioenergy, world hunger, obesity and climate change that were proposed in the 2010 Budget, as well as new increases in programs such as food safety, climate change, enhanced breeding for crop and animal production and security, development of sustainable agricultural systems, and enhanced plant, animal and microbial collections. The budget also continues funding for $9 million in 2010 Congressional increases that support the agency's mission. Reductions total $53 million and include $42 million in prior year earmarks and an additional $11 million in low priority projects.

New Products/Product Quality/Value Added.—ARS has active research programs directed toward (1) improving the efficiency and reducing the cost for the conversion of agricultural products into biobased products and biofuels, (2) developing new and improved products to help establish them in domestic and foreign markets, and (3) providing higher quality, healthy foods that satisfy consumer needs in the United States and abroad.

Environmental Stewardship.—Water Quality; Air/Soil Quality; Global Climate Change; Range/Grazing Lands; Agricultural Systems Integration.-ARS research programs in environmental stewardship support scientists at more than 70 locations. Emphasis is given to developing technologies and systems that support profitable production and enhance the Nations vast renewable natural resource base. ARS is currently developing the scientific knowledge and technologies needed to meet the challenges and opportunities facing U.S. agriculture in managing water resource quality and quantity under different climatic regimes, production systems, and environmental conditions. ARS air resources research is developing measurement, prediction, and control technologies for emissions of greenhouse gases, particulate matter, ammonia, hydrogen sulfide, and volatile organic compounds affecting air quality and land surface climate interactions. The agency is a leader in developing measurement and modeling techniques for characterizing gaseous and particulate matter emissions from agriculture. In addition, ARS is evaluating strategies for enhancing the health and productivity of soils, including developing predictive tools to assess the sustainability of alternative land management practices. Finding mechanisms to aid agriculture in adapting to changes in atmospheric composition and climatic variations is also an important component of ARS research program.ARS range and grazing land research includes the conservation and restoration of the Nations range land and pasture ecosystems and agroecosystems through improved management of fire, invasive weeds, grazing, global change, and other agents of ecological change. The agency is currently developing improved grass and forage legume germplasm for livestock, conservation, bioenergy, and bioproduct systems as well as grazing-based livestock systems that reduce risk and increase profitability. In addition, ARS is developing whole system management strategies to reduce production costs and risks.

Livestock Production.—ARS livestock production program is directed toward (1) safeguarding and utilizing animal genetic resources, associated genetic and genomic databases, and bioinformatic tools; (2) developing a basic understanding of the physiology of livestock and poultry; and (3) developing information, tools, and technologies that can be used to improve animal production systems. The research is heavily focused on the development and application of genomics technology to increase the efficiency and product quality of beef, dairy, swine, poultry, aquaculture, and sheep systems. Current areas of emphasis include increasing efficiency of nutrient utilization, increasing animal well-being and reducing stress in production systems, increasing reproductive rates and breeding animal longevity, developing and evaluating non-traditional production systems (e.g., organic, natural), and evaluating and conserving animal genetic resources.

Crop Production.—ARS crop production program focuses on developing and improving ways to reduce crop losses while protecting and ensuring a safe and affordable food supply. The research program concentrates on effective production strategies that are environmentally friendly, safe to consumers, and compatible with sustainable and profitable crop production systems. Research activities are directed at safeguarding and utilizing plant genetic resources and their associated genetic, genomic, and bioinformatic databases that facilitate selection of varieties and/or germplasm with significantly improved traits. Current research activities attempt to minimize the impacts of crop pests while maintaining healthy crops and safe commodities that can be sold in markets throughout the world. ARS is conducting research to discover and exploit naturally occurring and engineered genetic mechanisms for plant pest control, develop agronomic germplasm with durable defensive traits, and transfer genetic resources for commercial use. ARS will be providing taxonomic information on invasive species that strengthens prevention techniques, aids in detection/identification of invasive pests, and increases control through management tactics that restore habitats and biological diversity.

Livestock Protection.—ARS animal health program is directed at protecting and ensuring the safety of the Nations agriculture and food supply through improved disease detection, prevention, control, and treatment. Basic and applied research approaches are used to solve animal health problems of high national priority. Emphasis is given to methods and procedures to control animal diseases. The research program has ten strategic objectives: (1) establish ARS laboratories into a fluid, highly effective research network to maximize use of core competencies and resources; (2) access specialized high containment facilities to study zoonotic and emerging diseases; (3) develop an integrated animal and microbial genomics research program; (4) establish centers of excellence in animal immunology; (5) launch a biotherapeutic discovery program providing alternatives to animal drugs; (6) build a technology driven vaccine and diagnostic discovery research program; (7) develop core competencies in field epidemiology and predictive biology; (8) develop internationally recognized expert collaborative research laboratories; (9) establish a best-in-class training center for our Nations veterinarians and scientists; and (10) develop a model technology transfer program to achieve the full impact of ARS research discoveries. ARS current animal research program includes eight core components: (1) biodefense research, (2) animal genomics and immunology, (3) zoonotic diseases, (4) respiratory disease, (5) reproductive and neonatal diseases, (6) enteric diseases, (7) parasitic diseases, and (8) transmissible spongiform encephalopathies.

Crop Protection.—ARS research on crop protection is directed toward epidemiological investigations to understand pest and disease transmission mechanisms and to identify and apply new technologies that increase our understanding of virulence factors and host defense mechanisms. Currently, ARS research priorities include (1) identification of genes that convey virulence traits in pathogens and pests; (2) factors that modulate infectivity, gene functions, and mechanisms; (3) genetic profiles that provide specified levels of disease and insect resistance under field conditions; and (4) mechanisms that facilitate the spread of pests and infectious diseases.ARS is developing new knowledge and integrated pest management approaches to control pest and disease outbreaks as they occur. Its research will improve the knowledge and understanding of the ecology, physiology, epidemiology, and molecular biology of emerging diseases and pests. This knowledge will be incorporated into pest risk assessments and management strategies to minimize chemical inputs and increase production. Strategies and approaches will be available to producers to control emerging crop diseases and pest outbreaks.

Food Safety.—Assuring that the United States has the highest levels of affordable, safe food requires that the food system be protected at each stage from production through processing and consumption from pathogens, toxins, and chemical contaminants that cause diseases in humans. The U.S. food supply is very diverse, extensive, easily accessible, and thus vulnerable to the introduction of biological and chemical contaminants through natural processes, intentional means, or by global commerce. ARS current food safety research is designed to yield science-based knowledge on the safe production, storage, processing, and handling of plant and animal products, and on the detection and control of toxin producing and/or pathogenic bacteria and fungi, parasites, chemical contaminants, and plant toxins. All of ARS research activities involve a high degree of cooperation and collaboration with USDAs Research, Education, and Economics agencies, as well as with FSIS, APHIS, FDA, CDC, DHS, and the EPA. ARS also collaborates in international research programs to address and resolve global food safety issues. Specific research efforts are directed toward developing new technologies that assist ARS stakeholders and customers, that is, regulatory agencies, industry, and commodity and consumer organizations, in detecting, identifying, and controlling foodborne diseases that affect human health.

Human Nutrition.—Maintenance of health throughout the lifespan along with prevention of obesity and chronic diseases via food-based recommendations are the major emphases of ARS human nutrition research program. These health-related goals are based on the knowledge that deficiency diseases are no longer important public health concerns. Excessive consumption has become the primary nutrition problem in the American population. This is reflected by increased emphasis on prevention of obesity from basic science through intervention studies to assessments of large populations. ARS research program also actively studies bioactive components of foods that have no known requirement but have health promoting activities. Four specific areas of research are currently emphasized: (1) nutrition monitoring and the food supply, e.g., a national diet survey and the food composition databank; (2) dietary guidance for health promotion and disease prevention, i.e., specific foods, nutrients, and dietary patterns that maintain health and prevent disease; (3) prevention of obesity and related diseases, including research as to why so few of the population follow the Dietary Guidelines for Americans; and (4) life stage nutrition and metabolism, in order to better define the role of nutrition in pregnancy and growth of children, and for healthier aging.

Library and Information Services (NAL).—The National Agricultural Library (NAL) is the largest and most accessible agricultural research library in the world. It provides services directly to the staff of USDA and to the public, primarily via the NAL Web site, http://www.nal.usda.gov. NAL was created with the USDA in 1862 and was named in 1962 a national library by Congress, as the primary agricultural information resource of the United States. NAL is the premier library for collecting, managing, and disseminating agricultural knowledge. The Library is the repository of our Nations agricultural heritage, the provider of world class information, and the wellspring for generating new fundamental knowledge and advancing scientific discovery. It is a priceless national resource that, through its services, programs, information products, and Web-based tools and technologies, serves anyone who needs agricultural information. The Library's vision is "advancing access to global information for agriculture."

Repair and Maintenance of Facilities.—Funds are used to restore, upgrade, and maintain ARS facilities to meet Occupational Safety and Health Administration and EPA requirements, provide suitable workspace for in-house research programs, and to retrofit existing structures for better energy utilization.

Collaborative Research Program.—Funds from the Department of State enable USDA/ARS to support collaborative research projects with scientists from the former Soviet Union and South/Southeast Asia. Through scientific cooperation in agricultural research, the USDA/ARS program supports the State Department's nonproliferation mission while advancing agricultural science by establishing new expertise in these regions, enhancing the effectiveness and productivity of ARS research programs, and helping improve the economy of these regions through advances in agricultural technology.

Reimbursements.—ARS performs research activities and services for other USDA, Federal, and non-Federal agencies. These activities and services are paid for on a reimbursable basis.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12-1400-0-1-352 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation:
11.1 Full-time permanent 543 558 564
11.3 Other than full-time permanent 11 11 12
11.5 Other personnel compensation 12 13 13



11.9 Total personnel compensation 566 582 589
12.1 Civilian personnel benefits 152 156 158
21.0 Travel and transportation of persons 16 17 17
22.0 Transportation of things 3 3 4
23.2 Rental payments to others 1 1 1
23.3 Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous charges 49 52 53
24.0 Printing and reproduction 2 2 2
25.1 Advisory and assistance services 1 1 1
25.2 Other services 18 19 21
25.3 Other purchases of goods and services from Government accounts 1 1 1
25.4 Operation and maintenance of facilities 40 43 43
25.5 Research and development contracts 143 150 152
25.6 Medical care 1 1
25.7 Operation and maintenance of equipment 9 10 10
26.0 Supplies and materials 81 87 86
31.0 Equipment 38 40 41
32.0 Land and structures 5 5 5
41.0 Grants, subsidies, and contributions 15 16 16



99.0 Direct obligations 1,141 1,186 1,200
99.0 Reimbursable obligations 102 102 102



99.9 Total new obligations 1,243 1,288 1,302

Employment Summary


Identification code 12-1400-0-1-352 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Direct:
1001 Civilian full-time equivalent employment 7,912 7,995 8,077
Reimbursable:
2001 Civilian full-time equivalent employment 248 248 248

buildings and facilities

[For acquisition of land, construction, repair, improvement, extension, alteration, and purchase of fixed equipment or facilities as necessary to carry out the agricultural research programs of the Department of Agriculture, where not otherwise provided, $70,873,000, of which $70,873,000 shall be for the purposes, and in the amounts, specified in the table titled "Congressionally Designated Projects'' in the statement of managers to accompany this Act, to remain available until expended.] (Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2010.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12-1401-0-1-352 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Obligations by program activity:
00.01 Building and facilities projects 46 207 15



10.00 Total new obligations 46 207 15

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
21.40 Unobligated balance carried forward, start of year 195 372 236
22.00 New budget authority (gross) 223 71 -76



23.90 Total budgetary resources available for obligation 418 443 160
23.95 Total new obligations -46 -207 -15



24.40 Unobligated balance carried forward, end of year 372 236 145

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Discretionary:
40.00 Appropriation 223 71
40.36 Unobligated balance permanently reduced -76



43.00 Appropriation (total discretionary) 223 71 -76

Change in obligated balances:
72.40 Obligated balance, start of year 37 39 187
73.10 Total new obligations 46 207 15
73.20 Total outlays (gross) -44 -59 7



74.40 Obligated balance, end of year 39 187 209

Outlays (gross), detail:
86.90 Outlays from new discretionary authority 14 -76
86.93 Outlays from discretionary balances 30 59 69



87.00 Total outlays (gross) 44 59 -7

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority 223 71 -76
90.00 Outlays 44 59 -7

Under its Buildings and Facilities account, ARS provides funds for the acquisition of land, construction, repair, improvement, extension, alteration, and purchase of fixed equipment or facilities of or used by ARS. No new funding is requested in 2011. In addition, the budget proposes to cancel $75.5 million in balances from projects that were not requested in prior budget requests.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12-1401-0-1-352 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Direct obligations:
25.2 Other services 11 9 1
25.4 Operation and maintenance of facilities 34 198 14
25.5 Research and development contracts 1



99.9 Total new obligations 46 207 15

Trust Funds

Miscellaneous Contributed Funds

Special and Trust Fund Receipts (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12-8214-0-7-352 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

01.00 Balance, start of year



01.99 Balance, start of year
Receipts:
02.20 Deposits of Miscellaneous Contributed Funds, Science and Education Administration 24 24 24



02.99 Total receipts and collections 24 24 24



04.00 Total: Balances and collections 24 24 24
Appropriations:
05.00 Miscellaneous Contributed Funds -24 -24 -24



05.99 Total appropriations -24 -24 -24



07.99 Balance, end of year

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12-8214-0-7-352 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Obligations by program activity:
00.01 Miscellaneous contributed funds 22 22 22



10.00 Total new obligations 22 22 22

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
21.40 Unobligated balance carried forward, start of year 19 22 24
22.00 New budget authority (gross) 24 24 24
22.10 Resources available from recoveries of prior year obligations 1



23.90 Total budgetary resources available for obligation 44 46 48
23.95 Total new obligations -22 -22 -22



24.40 Unobligated balance carried forward, end of year 22 24 26

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Mandatory:
60.26 Appropriation (trust fund) 24 24 24

Change in obligated balances:
72.40 Obligated balance, start of year 4 3 3
73.10 Total new obligations 22 22 22
73.20 Total outlays (gross) -22 -22 -24
73.45 Recoveries of prior year obligations -1



74.40 Obligated balance, end of year 3 3 1

Outlays (gross), detail:
86.97 Outlays from new mandatory authority 19 17 17
86.98 Outlays from mandatory balances 3 5 7



87.00 Total outlays (gross) 22 22 24

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority 24 24 24
90.00 Outlays 22 22 24

Miscellaneous contributed funds received from States, local organizations, individuals, and others are available for work under cooperative agreements on research activities.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12-8214-0-7-352 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation:
11.1 Full-time permanent 5 5 5
11.3 Other than full-time permanent 1 1 1
11.5 Other personnel compensation 1 1 1



11.9 Total personnel compensation 7 7 7
12.1 Civilian personnel benefits 2 2 2
21.0 Travel and transportation of persons 1 1 1
25.2 Other services 2 2 2
25.5 Research and development contracts 5 5 5
26.0 Supplies and materials 4 4 4
31.0 Equipment 1 1 1



99.9 Total new obligations 22 22 22

Employment Summary


Identification code 12-8214-0-7-352 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Direct:
1001 Civilian full-time equivalent employment 108 108 108

National Institute of Food and Agriculture

Federal Funds

integrated activities

For the integrated research, education, and extension grants programs, including necessary administrative expenses, [$60,022,000] $24,874,000, as follows: [for competitive grants programs authorized under section 406 of the Agricultural Research, Extension, and Education Reform Act of 1998 (7 U.S.C. 7626), $45,148,000, including $12,649,000 for the water quality program, $14,596,000 for the food safety program, $4,096,000 for the regional pest management centers program, $4,388,000 for the Food Quality Protection Act risk mitigation program for major food crop systems, $1,365,000 for the crops affected by Food Quality Protection Act implementation, $3,054,000 for the methyl bromide transition program, and $5,000,000 for the organic transition program;] for a competitive international science and education grants program authorized under section 1459A of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3292b), to remain available until expended, $3,000,000; for grants programs authorized under section 2(c)(1)(B) of Public Law 89-106, as amended, $732,000, to remain available until September 30, [2011] 2012, for the critical issues program; $1,312,000 for the regional rural development centers program; for grants authorized under section 1624 (7 U.S.C. 5813), $10,000,000; and $9,830,000 for the Food and Agriculture Defense Initiative authorized under section 1484 of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977, to remain available until September 30, [2011] 2012. (7 U.S.C. 450i(c)(1)(B), 3292b, 3351, 7626; Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2010.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12-1502-0-1-352 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Obligations by program activity:
00.10 Organic research and extension init. 18 20 20
00.20 Water quality 13 13
00.30 Food safety 15 15
00.40 Regional pest management centers 4 4
00.50 Crops at risk from food quality protection act implementation 1 1
00.60 Food quality protection act risk mitigation program 4 4
00.70 Methyl bromide transition program 3 3
00.71 Homeland Security 10 10 10
00.72 Sustainable Agriculture Federal-State Matching Grant Program 10
00.85 Specialty Crop Research Initiative 50 50 50
00.86 International science and education grants 3 3 3
00.87 Regional Rural development centers 1 1 1
00.88 Organic transition 2 5
00.89 Critical issues - plant and animal diseases 1 2 1



10.00 Total new obligations 125 131 95

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
21.40 Unobligated balance carried forward, start of year 1 1
22.00 New budget authority (gross) 125 130 95



23.90 Total budgetary resources available for obligation 126 131 95
23.95 Total new obligations -125 -131 -95



24.40 Unobligated balance carried forward, end of year 1

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Discretionary:
40.00 Appropriation 57 60 25
Mandatory:
62.00 Transferred from other accounts 68 70 70



70.00 Total new budget authority (gross) 125 130 95

Change in obligated balances:
72.40 Obligated balance, start of year 164 225 258
73.10 Total new obligations 125 131 95
73.20 Total outlays (gross) -63 -98 -84
73.40 Adjustments in expired accounts (net) -1



74.40 Obligated balance, end of year 225 258 269

Outlays (gross), detail:
86.90 Outlays from new discretionary authority 2 8 6
86.93 Outlays from discretionary balances 39 41 45
86.97 Outlays from new mandatory authority 3 4 4
86.98 Outlays from mandatory balances 19 45 29



87.00 Total outlays (gross) 63 98 84

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority 125 130 95
90.00 Outlays 63 98 84

Under the Integrated Activities account, research, education and/or extension grants are awarded for competitive and non-competitive programs.

International science and education grants program.—This program focuses on incorporating substantive international activities into programs related to food systems, agriculture and natural resources at U.S. land-grant colleges and universities.

Critical issues program.—Funds are proposed to develop early intervention strategies to prevent, manage or eradicate new and emerging diseases, both plant and animal, which would prevent loss of revenue to growers or producers.

Regional rural development centers.—Funding supports activities that pursue a holistic development strategy that tailors programming to meet regional and local needs and addresses areas of opportunity arising from a consumer-driven agricultural economy.
Sustainable Agriculture Federal-State Matching Grant Program. -This competitive program will assist in the creation or enhancement of State sustainable agriculture research, extension, and education programs. The matching requirement will leverage State and/or private money, and build the long-term capacity to guide the evolution of American agriculture to a more highly productive, sustainable system. Funding will support activities that integrate sustainable agriculture in all State research, extension, and education projects; support new research at sustainable agriculture centers at the nation's land grant and other colleges and universities; build stronger Statewide farmer-to-farmer networks and outreach and technical assistance strategies; and incorporate sustainable agriculture studies and curriculum in undergraduate and graduate degree programs.

Food and agriculture defense initiative (homeland security).—The program provides support to an unified network of public agricultural institutions to identify and respond to high risk biological pathogens in the food and agricultural system. In particular, funding will maintain and enhance risk management tools for Asian soybean rust and other pathogens of legumes. Additional funding for these laboratories is included in the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service.

Organic Agriculture Research and Extension Initiative.—This mandatory program, authorized by section 7206 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (FCEA), 2008 Farm Bill, supports research and extension programs that enhance the ability of producers and processors who have already adopted organic standards to grow and market high quality organic agricultural products.

Specialty Crop Research Initiative.—This mandatory program, authorized by section 7311 of the FCEA, 2008 Farm Bill, provides funding to solve critical industry issues through research and extension activities that focus on research in plant breeding, genetics, and genomics to improve crop characteristics; efforts to identify and address threats from pests and diseases, including threats to specialty crop pollinators; efforts to improve production efficiency, productivity, and profitability over the long term; new innovations and technology, including improved mechanization and technologies that delay or inhibit ripening; and methods to prevent, detect, monitor, control, and respond to potential food safety hazards in the production and processing of specialty crops.
The 2011 Budget provides a total of $25 million for this account, including an increase of $10 million for a Sustainable Agriculture Federal-State Matching Grant Program. This program will support competitive grants to integrate and elevate research, education, and extension activities to more widely benefit American agriculture, ensuring it is of the highest quality and that it is profitable. A decrease of $45 million is proposed to eliminate funding for Section 406 programs. Research, education, and extension topics previously supported under Section 406, can be supported by other competitive grants programs, including the Agriculture and Food Safety Initiative, which is funded at $429 million, an increase of $166 million above the enacted level.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12-1502-0-1-352 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Direct obligations:
11.1 Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent 2 2 2
12.1 Civilian personnel benefits 1 1 1
25.2 Other services 1 1 1
25.5 Research and development contracts 1 1 1
41.0 Grants, subsidies, and contributions 120 126 90



99.9 Total new obligations 125 131 95

Employment Summary


Identification code 12-1502-0-1-352 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Direct:
1001 Civilian full-time equivalent employment 10 10 10

Initiative for Future Agriculture and Food Systems

1998 Research Act.— Adequate funding for similar research is proposed through other USDA research programs.

Biomass Research and Development

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12-1003-0-1-271 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Obligations by program activity:
00.01 Biomass research and development 20 30 30



10.00 Total new obligations (object class 41.0) 20 30 30

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
21.40 Unobligated balance carried forward, start of year 2 2
22.00 New budget authority (gross) 20 28 30



23.90 Total budgetary resources available for obligation 22 30 30
23.95 Total new obligations -20 -30 -30



24.40 Unobligated balance carried forward, end of year 2

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Mandatory:
62.00 Transferred from other accounts 20 28 30

Change in obligated balances:
72.40 Obligated balance, start of year 32 38 48
73.10 Total new obligations 20 30 30
73.20 Total outlays (gross) -14 -20 -27



74.40 Obligated balance, end of year 38 48 51

Outlays (gross), detail:
86.97 Outlays from new mandatory authority 1 1 2
86.98 Outlays from mandatory balances 13 19 25



87.00 Total outlays (gross) 14 20 27

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority 20 28 30
90.00 Outlays 14 20 27

Biomass Research and Development is authorized by the Biomass Research and Development Act of 2000. The program provides competitive grants for research, development, and demonstration to encourage innovation and development related to biomass, and improved commercialization of biobased products and energy. USDA and the Department of Energy jointly administer the program.

Current priorities focus on the following: feedstock development and production; biobased products emphasizing environmental and economic performance; integrated resource management and biomass use; and effective and targeted incentive systems for biomass commercialization and adoption.

research and education activities

For payments to agricultural experiment stations, for cooperative forestry and other research, for facilities, and for other expenses, [$788,243,000, of which $120,054,000 shall be for the purposes, and in the amounts, specified in the table titled "Congressionally Designated Projects'' in the statement of managers to accompany this Act] $838,729,000, as follows: to carry out the provisions of the Hatch Act of 1887 (7 U.S.C. 361a-i), $215,000,000; for grants for cooperative forestry research (16 U.S.C. 582a through a-7), $29,000,000; for payments to eligible institutions (7 U.S.C. 3222), $48,500,000, provided that each institution receives no less than $1,000,000; for special grants (7 U.S.C. 450i(c)), [$89,029,000] $2,021,000; for competitive grants on improved pest control (7 U.S.C. 450i(c)), $16,185,000; for competitive grants (7 U.S.C. 450(i)(b)), [$262,482,000] $428,845,000, to remain available until expended; for the support of animal health and disease programs (7 U.S.C. 3195), $2,950,000; for supplemental and alternative crops and products (7 U.S.C. 3319d), $835,000; for grants for research pursuant to the Critical Agricultural Materials Act (7 U.S.C. 178 et seq.), $1,083,000, to remain available until expended; for the 1994 research grants program for 1994 institutions pursuant to section 536 of Public Law 103-382 (7 U.S.C. 301 note), $1,805,000, to remain available until expended; for rangeland research grants (7 U.S.C. 3333), $983,000; for higher education graduate fellowship grants (7 U.S.C. 3152(b)(6)), $3,859,000, to remain available until expended (7 U.S.C. 2209b); for a program pursuant to section 1415A of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3151a), $4,800,000, to remain available until expended; for higher education challenge grants (7 U.S.C. 3152(b)(1)), [$5,654,000] $8,154,000; for a higher education multicultural scholars program (7 U.S.C. 3152(b)(5)), $1,241,000, to remain available until expended (7 U.S.C. 2209b); for an education grants program for Hispanic-serving Institutions (7 U.S.C. 3241), $9,237,000; for competitive grants for the purpose of carrying out all provisions of 7 U.S.C. 3156 to individual eligible institutions or consortia of eligible institutions in Alaska and in Hawaii, with funds awarded equally to each of the States of Alaska and Hawaii, $3,200,000; for [a] secondary [agriculture] education [program and], 2-year post-secondary education, and agriculture in the K-12 classroom (7 U.S.C. 3152(j)), [$983,000] $3,483,000; for aquaculture grants (7 U.S.C. 3322), $3,928,000; for sustainable agriculture research and education (7 U.S.C. 5811), [$14,500,000] $15,000,000; for a program of capacity building grants (7 U.S.C. 3152(b)(4)) to institutions eligible to receive funds under 7 U.S.C. 3221 and 3222, $18,250,000, to remain available until expended (7 U.S.C. 2209b); for payments to the 1994 Institutions pursuant to section 534(a)(1) of Public Law 103-382, $3,342,000; for resident instruction grants for insular areas under section 1491 of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3363), $900,000; for distance education grants for insular areas under section 1490 of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3362), $750,000; for a new era rural technology program pursuant to section 1473E of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3319e), $875,000; [for a competitive grants program for farm business management and benchmarking (7 U.S.C. 5925f), $1,500,000; for a competitive grants program regarding biobased energy (7 U.S.C. 8114), $2,250,000;] and for necessary expenses of Research and Education Activities, [$45,122,000] $14,503,000, of which $2,704,000 for the Research, Education, and Economics Information System and [$2,136,000] $5,136,000 for the Electronic Grants Information System, are to remain available until expended.

Hispanic-Serving Agricultural Colleges and Universities Endowment Fund

For the Hispanic-Serving Agricultural Colleges and Universities Endowment Fund under section 1456 (7 U.S.C. 3243) of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977, $10,000,000, to remain available until expended.

native american institutions endowment fund

For the Native American Institutions Endowment Fund authorized by Public Law 103-382 (7 U.S.C. 301 note), $11,880,000, to remain available until expended. (7 U.S.C. 328, 427, 427i, 1281 note, 1621, 2201, 2204, 2225, 3101 note; 10 U.S.C. 2306; 16 U.S.C. 590(a)-590(b), 590(k); 18 U.S.C. 1114; 19 U.S.C. 1306(a), 1306(c); 20 U.S.C. 191-194; 21 U.S.C. 114c, 114e-131; 42 U.S.C. 1476(e), 1483; Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2010.)

Special and Trust Fund Receipts (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12-1500-0-1-352 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

01.00 Balance, start of year 12 24



01.99 Balance, start of year 12 24
Receipts:
02.40 Earnings on Investments, Native American Institutions Endowment Fund 4 4 5



04.00 Total: Balances and collections 4 16 29
Appropriations:
05.00 Research and Education Activities -4 -4 -5
05.01 Research and Education Activities 12 12 12
05.02 Research and Education Activities 10



05.99 Total appropriations 8 8 17



07.99 Balance, end of year 12 24 46

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12-1500-0-1-352 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Obligations by program activity:
00.01 Payments under the Hatch Act 207 215 215
00.02 Cooperative forestry research 28 29 29
00.03 Payments to 1890 colleges and Tuskegee Univ. and West Virginia State University 46 49 49
00.04 Special research grants 123 128 42
00.05 Agriculture Food and Research Initiative 146 419 429
00.06 Animal health and disease research 3 3 3
00.07 Federal Administration 39 45 15
00.08 Higher education 27 72 51
00.09 Native American Institutions Endowment Fund 4 4 5
00.12 Veterinary Medical Services Act 10 5
00.14 New Era Rural Technology 1 1
00.15 Sun Grant Program 2
00.16 Farm Business Management and Benchmarking 2
00.17 Food Products to Improve Nutritional Delivery of Food Aid 4
09.00 Reimbursable program 10 10 10



10.00 Total new obligations 634 993 853

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
21.40 Unobligated balance carried forward, start of year 121 192 5
22.00 New budget authority (gross) 705 806 853



23.90 Total budgetary resources available for obligation 826 998 858
23.95 Total new obligations -634 -993 -853



24.40 Unobligated balance carried forward, end of year 192 5 5

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Discretionary:
40.00 Appropriation 703 804 860
40.20 Appropriation (Native American Endowment Interest) 4 4 5
40.45 Portion precluded from obligation (-) (N.A. Endowment Fund) -12 -12 -12
40.45 Portion precluded from obligation (-) Hispanic-Serving Agricultural Colleges and Universities Endowment Fund -10



43.00 Appropriation (total discretionary) 695 796 843
Spending authority from offsetting collections:
58.00 Offsetting collections (cash) 1 10 10
58.10 Change in uncollected customer payments from Federal sources (unexpired) 9



58.90 Spending authority from offsetting collections (total discretionary) 10 10 10



70.00 Total new budget authority (gross) 705 806 853

Change in obligated balances:
72.40 Obligated balance, start of year 880 862 1,087
73.10 Total new obligations 634 993 853
73.20 Total outlays (gross) -652 -768 -938
73.40 Adjustments in expired accounts (net) -5
74.00 Change in uncollected customer payments from Federal sources (unexpired) -9
74.10 Change in uncollected customer payments from Federal sources (expired) 14



74.40 Obligated balance, end of year 862 1,087 1,002

Outlays (gross), detail:
86.90 Outlays from new discretionary authority 172 418 442
86.93 Outlays from discretionary balances 480 350 496



87.00 Total outlays (gross) 652 768 938

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.00 Offsetting collections (cash) from: Federal sources -14 -10 -10
Against gross budget authority only:
88.95 Change in uncollected customer payments from Federal sources (unexpired) -9
88.96 Portion of offsetting collections (cash) credited to expired accounts 13

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority 695 796 843
90.00 Outlays 638 758 928

Memorandum (non-add) entries:
92.01 Total investments, start of year: Federal securities: Par value 99 104 116
92.02 Total investments, end of year: Federal securities: Par value 104 116 138

The National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA) participates in a nationwide system of agricultural research and education program planning and coordination between State institutions and the U.S. Department of Agriculture. It assists in maintaining cooperation among the State institutions, and between the State institutions and their Federal research partners. The agency administers grants and payments to State institutions to supplement State and local funding for agricultural research and higher education.

Agriculture and food research initiative competitive grants.—Section 7406 of FCEA establishes the Agriculture and Food Research Initiative (AFRI). AFRI is a competitive grant program to provide funding for fundamental and applied research, extension, and education to address food and agricultural sciences. AFRI projects will address critical issues in U.S. agriculture in the areas of global food security and hunger; climate change; sustainable bioenergy; childhood obesity; and food safety. Addressing these critical issues will engage scientists and educators with expertise in plant health and production and plant products; animal health and production and animal products; food safety, nutrition, and health; renewable energy, natural resources, and environment; agricultural systems and technology; and agriculture economics and rural communities. AFRI allows greater flexibility in the types of projects funded to include: single function projects in research, education, and extension, and integrated research, education and/or extension awards. AFRI is the core competitive grant program for research, education, and extension.

Payments under the Hatch Act.—Funds under the Hatch Act are allocated on a formula basis to agricultural experiment stations of the land-grant colleges in the 50 States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, Guam, the Virgin Islands, American Samoa, Micronesia, and Northern Mariana Islands.

Cooperative forestry research.—These funds are allocated by formula to land-grant colleges or agricultural experiment stations in the 50 States, Puerto Rico, Guam, the Virgin Islands, and other State-supported colleges and universities having a forestry school and offering graduate training in forestry sciences.

Animal health and disease research.—Funds, distributed by formula, support livestock and poultry disease research in approximately sixty-seven colleges of veterinary medicine and in eligible agricultural experiment stations.

Payments to 1890 colleges and Tuskegee University and West Virginia State University.—Funds allocated on a formula basis support agricultural research and broaden the curricula at the eighteen 1890 land-grant colleges, including Tuskegee University and West Virginia State University.

Special research grants.—This program addresses research areas of national interest. Funding is proposed for grant programs in IR-4 minor crop pest management, pest management alternatives, and sustainable agriculture. Funding is also proposed for integrated pest management. Advances in these areas will provide producers with safe, alternative pest control methods resulting in more farmers increasing the number of acres on which Integrated Pest Management (IPM) methods are used. Funding proposed for IR-4 minor crop pest management and minor use animal drugs will address the growing need for registration of safe pesticides and drugs for minor crops and animals and lead to a reduction by half in the levels of chemical and drug residues in food products. These pest management programs will be coordinated to address Food Quality and Protection Act issues. The IR-4 and IPM programs are contained under improved pest control funding. Improved pest control also includes Pest Management Alternatives, and Expert IPM Decision Support System Programs. A grant program for global change is proposed for research at universities as part of a coordinated Federal initiative. Funding is also proposed for the National Biological Impact Assessment Program, aquaculture centers, critical agricultural materials, supplemental and alternative crops, Joe Skeen Institute for rangeland restoration, and New Era Rural Technology Program. The 2011 Budget eliminates funding for earmarks.

1994 Institutions Research.—Funding is proposed to continue the competitive research grants program to build the research capacity at the thirty-four 1994 institutions by supporting agricultural research activities that address tribal, national and multistate priorities.

Federal administration.—A coordinating and review staff assists in maintaining cooperation within and among the States, and between the States and their Federal research partners. This staff also administers research and education grants and payments to States. Federal administration is funded from a combination of program set-asides from formula and grant programs and from direct appropriation for administration.

Higher education.—Funding is proposed for graduate fellowships grants, competitive challenge grants, Hispanic-serving institutions education grants program, and a multicultural scholars program. Funding is also proposed for Native American institutions, Alaska Native-serving and Native Hawaiian-serving Institutions, Secondary Education, Two-Year Postsecondary Education, Agriculture in the K-12 Classroom and Resident Instruction Grants for Insular Areas programs. These programs enable universities to broaden their curricula; increase faculty development; student research projects; and the number of new scholars recruited in the food and agricultural sciences. In addition, an increased number of graduate students, including minority graduate students, will be enrolled in the agricultural sciences. Funding is also proposed for a capacity building program at the 1890 institutions as part of the USDA initiative to strengthen these institutions through a broadening of curricula, increased faculty development and student research projects. Funding is proposed in the 2011 Budget for the Veterinary Medical Services Act to provide incentives to hire Federal veterinarians to work in shortage areas.

Reimbursable program.—Funds support basic and applied agriculture research and activities performed for other USDA, Federal, and non-Federal agencies.

Native American Institutions Endowment Fund.—This program provides for an endowment for the 1994 land-grant institutions (34 Tribally controlled colleges) to strengthen the infrastructure of these institutions and develop Indian expertise for the food and agricultural sciences and businesses and their own communities. At the termination of each fiscal year, the Secretary withdraws the income from the endowment fund for the fiscal year, and after making adjustments for the cost of administering the fund, distributes the adjusted income on a formula basis to the 1994 land-grant institutions.
Hispanic-Serving Agricultural Colleges and Universities Endowment Fund.|95|This endowment fund for Hispanic-Serving Agricultural Colleges and Universities will launch the production of skilled and marketable Hispanic student population for employment in the food and agriculture sector. Over the next ten years, the Endowment will lead to significant and measurable enhanced competence and marketability of Hispanic students in the food and agricultural sciences.
The 2011 budget provides $429 million, an increase of $166.4 million for the Agriculture and Food Research Initiative (AFRI) competitive peer-reviewed grant program, to initiate growth focused on creative solutions for Presidential priorities of major domestic and world food and energy problems. Focus areas are bioenergy, global climate change, global food security, nutrition and health, and food safety. The 2011 budget also proposes an additional $5 million to help revitalize the rural economy through enhancements to education programs. The budget proposes $10 million for the establishment of the Hispanic-Serving Agricultural Colleges and Universities Endowment Fund. In addition, total funding for NIFA reflects a reduction of $141 million in earmarks, with $121 million of the reduction included in this account and about $20 million of the reduction included in the "Extension Activities" account. Finally, funding for formula driven progams, such as the Hatch Act, McIntre-Stennis and Evans-Allen are funded at the enacted level.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12-1500-0-1-352 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Direct obligations:
11.1 Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent 9 9 10
12.1 Civilian personnel benefits 3 3 3
21.0 Travel and transportation of persons 1 1 1
25.2 Other services 3 3 3
25.5 Research and development contracts 3 3 3
41.0 Grants, subsidies, and contributions 605 964 823



99.0 Direct obligations 624 983 843
99.0 Reimbursable obligations 10 10 10



99.9 Total new obligations 634 993 853

Employment Summary


Identification code 12-1500-0-1-352 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Direct:
1001 Civilian full-time equivalent employment 204 252 252
Reimbursable:
2001 Civilian full-time equivalent employment 6 6 6

Buildings and Facilities

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12-1501-0-1-352 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
21.40 Unobligated balance carried forward, start of year 1 1 1



24.40 Unobligated balance carried forward, end of year 1 1 1

Change in obligated balances:
72.40 Obligated balance, start of year 4 4 4



74.40 Obligated balance, end of year 4 4 4

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority
90.00 Outlays

Funds provide grants to States and other eligible recipients for the acquisition of land, construction, repair, improvement, extension, alteration and purchase of fixed equipment or facilities to carry out agricultural research, extension, and teaching programs. No funding has been appropriated to this account since 1997.

extension activities

For payments to States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, Guam, the Virgin Islands, Micronesia, the Northern Marianas, and American Samoa, [$494,923,000, of which $11,831,000 shall be for the purposes, and in the amounts, specified in the table titled "Congressionally Designated Projects'' in the statement of managers to accompany this Act] $479,203,000, as follows: payments for cooperative extension work under the Smith-Lever Act, to be distributed under sections 3(b) and 3(c) of said Act, and under section 208(c) of Public Law 93-471, for retirement and employees' compensation costs for extension agents, $297,500,000; payments for extension work at the 1994 Institutions under the Smith-Lever Act (7 U.S.C. 343(b)(3)), [$4,321,000] $5,321,000; payments for the nutrition and family education program for low-income areas under section 3(d) of the Act, $68,070,000; payments for the pest management program under section 3(d) of the Act, $9,938,000; [payments for the farm safety program under section 3(d) of the Act, $4,863,000;] payments for New Technologies for Ag Extension under section 3(d) of the Act, $1,750,000; payments to upgrade research, extension, and teaching facilities at institutions eligible to receive funds under 7 U.S.C. 3221 and 3222, $19,770,000, to remain available until expended; payments for youth-at-risk programs under section 3(d) of the Smith-Lever Act, $8,412,000; for youth farm safety education and certification extension grants, to be awarded competitively under section 3(d) of the Act, $486,000; payments for carrying out the provisions of the Renewable Resources Extension Act of 1978 (16 U.S.C. 1671 et seq.), $4,068,000; payments for the federally-recognized Tribes Extension Program under section 3(d) of the Smith-Lever Act, [$3,045,000] $5,300,000; payments for sustainable agriculture programs under section 3(d) of the Act, [$4,705,000] $4,968,000; payments for rural health and safety education as authorized by section 502(i) of Public Law 92-419 (7 U.S.C. 2662(i)), $1,738,000; payments for cooperative extension work by eligible institutions (7 U.S.C. 3221), $42,677,000, provided that each institution receives no less than $1,000,000; [for grants to youth organizations pursuant to 7 U.S.C. 7630, $1,784,000; payments to carry out the food animal residue avoidance database program as authorized by 7 U.S.C. 7642, $1,000,000;] payments to carry out section 1672(e)(49) of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5925), as amended, $400,000; and for necessary expenses of Extension Activities, [$20,396,000] $8,805,000. (Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2010.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12-0502-0-1-352 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Obligations by program activity:
00.01 Smith-Lever Act, 3(b) and 3(c) 288 298 298
00.02 Youth at risk 8 8 8
00.04 Expanded food and nutrition education program (EFNEP) 66 68 68
00.05 Pest management 10 10 10
00.06 Farm Safety 5 5
00.09 Federally Recognized Tribes Extension Program 3 3 5
00.13 Payments to 1890 colleges and Tuskegee Univ. and West Virginia State University 40 43 43
00.15 Renewable resources extension act 4 4 4
00.16 Federal administration 17 20 9
00.19 1890 facilities (section 1447) 18 20 20
00.21 Sustainable agriculture 5 5 5
00.22 1994 institutions activities 3 4 5
00.24 Rural health and safety education 2 2 2
00.25 Grants to youth serving organizations 2 2
00.26 Risk management education 10 5
00.27 New technologies for ag. extension 2 2 2
00.28 Healthy Urban Enterprise Development 1 1 1
00.29 Beginning Farmers and Ranchers Development Program 18 19 19
00.30 Food Animal Residue Avoidance Database 1 1
09.00 Reimbursable program 36 16 16



10.00 Total new obligations 529 541 520

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
21.40 Unobligated balance carried forward, start of year 5
22.00 New budget authority (gross) 534 536 520



23.90 Total budgetary resources available for obligation 534 541 520
23.95 Total new obligations -529 -541 -520



24.40 Unobligated balance carried forward, end of year 5

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Discretionary:
40.00 Appropriation 474 495 479
Spending authority from offsetting collections:
58.00 Offsetting collections (cash) 3 16 16
58.10 Change in uncollected customer payments from Federal sources (unexpired) 33



58.90 Spending authority from offsetting collections (total discretionary) 36 16 16
Mandatory:
60.00 Appropriation 1 1 1
62.00 Transferred from other accounts 23 24 24



62.50 Appropriation (total mandatory) 24 25 25



70.00 Total new budget authority (gross) 534 536 520

Change in obligated balances:
72.40 Obligated balance, start of year 425 450 368
73.10 Total new obligations 529 541 520
73.20 Total outlays (gross) -482 -623 -601
73.40 Adjustments in expired accounts (net) -8
74.00 Change in uncollected customer payments from Federal sources (unexpired) -33
74.10 Change in uncollected customer payments from Federal sources (expired) 19



74.40 Obligated balance, end of year 450 368 287

Outlays (gross), detail:
86.90 Outlays from new discretionary authority 204 312 303
86.93 Outlays from discretionary balances 272 293 276
86.97 Outlays from new mandatory authority 1 5 5
86.98 Outlays from mandatory balances 5 13 17



87.00 Total outlays (gross) 482 623 601

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.00 Offsetting collections (cash) from: Federal sources -15 -16 -16
Against gross budget authority only:
88.95 Change in uncollected customer payments from Federal sources (unexpired) -33
88.96 Portion of offsetting collections (cash) credited to expired accounts 12

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority 498 520 504
90.00 Outlays 467 607 585

The Cooperative Extension System, a national educational network, is a dynamic organization pledged to meeting the country's needs for research-based educational programs that will enable people to make practical decisions to improve their lives. To accomplish its mission, the Cooperative Extension System adjusts programs to meet the shifting needs and priorities of the people it serves.

The nonformal educational network combines the expertise and resources of Federal, State, and local partners. The partners in this unique System are: (a) The National Institute of Food and Agriculture at the U.S. Department of Agriculture; (b) Extension professionals at land-grant universities throughout the United States and its territories; and (c) Extension professionals in nearly all of the Nation's 3,150 counties. Thousands of paraprofessionals and nearly 3 million volunteers support this partnership and magnify its impact. Strong linkages with both public and private external groups are also crucial to the Cooperative Extension System's strength and vitality.

Programs supported with Smith-Lever 3(b) and (c) legislated formula funds are the major educational efforts central to the mission of the System and common to most Extension units. These programs are the foundation of the Extension organization and partnership that are intended to increase the number of community-based projects, families, and individuals reached to disseminate research findings as widely and quickly as possible. The use of electronic mail, satellite transmission of courses, and computer-assisted instruction are encouraged to communicate ideas.

Extension resources are provided to the States by these formula funds and competitively-awarded programs such as sustainable agriculture. Smith-Lever 3(b) and (c) funds and payments to the 1890 colleges and Tuskegee University and West Virginia State University provide funds to support the Extension's infrastructure. Funding for these programs is included in the 2011 Budget request.

Funds for designated programs, funded by Smith-Lever 3(d) such as Youth-At-Risk and Expanded Food and Nutrition Education Program (EFNEP), provide support for the Cooperative Extension System to address identified priority issues.

The FY 2011 Budget funds formula programs (Smith-Lever 3(b)(c) and Extension Programs at 1890's Institutions and Tuskegee University and West Virginia State Universities facilities), as well as other programs such as EFNEP, the children, youth and families at risk program, the youth farm safety education and certification program, and the pest management and rural health and safety programs at the enacted level. The Budget also includes increases for Indian reservation agents, Extension Services at 1994 Institutions and sustainable agriculture. In addition, total funding for NIFA reflects a reduction of 141 million in earmarks, with $20 million of the reduction included in this account and $121 million of the reduction included in the Research and Education Activities account.

Beginning Farmer and Rancher Development Program.—This mandatory program, authorized by section 7410 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (FCEA), 2008 Farm Bill, provides funding to support the development of education, outreach, curricula, workshops, educational teams, training, and technical assistance programs to assist beginning farmers and ranchers in the United States and its territories in entering, building, and managing successful farm and ranch enterprises. This program also will provide support for an online electronic and library clearinghouse to provide associated support to individually funded projects, and the overall program.

Healthy Urban Food Enterprise Development.—This mandatory program, authorized by section 4402 of the FCEA provides funding to be used to increase access to healthy affordable foods, including locally produced agricultural products, to underserved communities.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12-0502-0-1-352 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Direct obligations:
11.1 Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent 12 12 12
12.1 Civilian personnel benefits 3 3 3
21.0 Travel and transportation of persons 1 1 1
25.2 Other services 3 3 3
25.5 Research and development contracts 2 2 2
41.0 Grants, subsidies, and contributions 472 504 483



99.0 Direct obligations 493 525 504
99.0 Reimbursable obligations 36 16 16



99.9 Total new obligations 529 541 520

Employment Summary


Identification code 12-0502-0-1-352 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Direct:
1001 Civilian full-time equivalent employment 156 172 172

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Federal Funds

salaries and expenses

(including transfers of funds)

For necessary expenses of the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, including up to $30,000 for representation allowances and for expenses pursuant to the Foreign Service Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 4085), [$904,953,000, of which $24,410,000 shall be for the purposes, and in the amounts, specified in the table titled "Congressionally Designated Projects'' in the statement of managers to accompany this Act] $870,576,000, of which [$2,058,000] $2,085,000 shall be available for the control of outbreaks of insects, plant diseases, animal diseases and for control of pest animals and birds ("contingency fund") to the extent necessary to meet emergency conditions; of which [$23,390,000] $9,041,000 shall be used for the cotton pests program for cost share purposes or for debt retirement for active eradication zones; of which [$5,300,000] $14,241,000 shall be for a National Animal Identification program; of which $900,000 shall be for activities under the authority of the Horse Protection Act of 1970, as amended (15 U.S.C. 1831); of which [$60,243,000] $52,519,000 shall be used to prevent and control avian influenza and shall remain available until expended: Provided, That funds provided for the contingency fund to meet emergency conditions, $4,474,000 for information technology infrastructure, $63,568,000 for the fruit fly program, $157,615,000 for emerging plant pests, cotton pests program, $4,637,000 for the grasshopper and mormon cricket program, $2,129,000 for the plum pox program, $3,771,000 for the National Veterinary Stockpile, the National Animal Identification System, [up to] $1,500,000 in the scrapie program for indemnities, [up to] $1,000,000 for wildlife services methods development, [up to] $1,500,000 of the wildlife services operations program for aviation safety, and [up to 25 percent] $5,060,750 of the screwworm program shall remain available until expended: Provided further, That no funds shall be used to formulate or administer a brucellosis eradication program for the current fiscal year that does not require minimum matching by the States of at least 40 percent: Provided further, That this appropriation shall be available for the operation and maintenance of aircraft and the purchase of not to exceed four, of which two shall be for replacement only: Provided further, That, in addition, in emergencies which threaten any segment of the agricultural production industry of this country, the Secretary may transfer from other appropriations or funds available to the agencies or corporations of the Department such sums as may be deemed necessary, to be available only in such emergencies for the arrest and eradication of contagious or infectious disease or pests of animals, poultry, or plants, and for expenses in accordance with sections 10411 and 10417 of the Animal Health Protection Act (7 U.S.C. 8310 and 8316) and sections 431 and 442 of the Plant Protection Act (7 U.S.C. 7751 and 7772), and any unexpended balances of funds transferred for such emergency purposes in the preceding fiscal year shall be merged with such transferred amounts: Provided further, That appropriations hereunder shall be available pursuant to law (7 U.S.C. 2250) for the repair and alteration of leased buildings and improvements, but unless otherwise provided the cost of altering any one building during the fiscal year shall not exceed 10 percent of the current replacement value of the building.

In fiscal year [2010] 2011, the agency is authorized to collect fees to cover the total costs of providing technical assistance, goods, or services requested by States, other political subdivisions, domestic and international organizations, foreign governments, or individuals, provided that such fees are structured such that any entity's liability for such fees is reasonably based on the technical assistance, goods, or services provided to the entity by the agency, and such fees shall be credited to this account, to remain available until expended, without further appropriation, for providing such assistance, goods, or services. (Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2010.)

Special and Trust Fund Receipts (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12-1600-0-1-352 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

01.00 Balance, start of year



01.99 Balance, start of year
Receipts:
02.00 1990 Food, Agricultural Quarantine Inspection Fees 494 498 508
02.20 Fees, Animal and Plant Health Inspection User Fee Account - legislative proposal subject to PAYGO 20



02.99 Total receipts and collections 494 498 528



04.00 Total: Balances and collections 494 498 528
Appropriations:
05.00 Salaries and Expenses -494 -498 -508



05.99 Total appropriations -494 -498 -508



07.99 Balance, end of year 20

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12-1600-0-1-352 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Obligations by program activity:
00.01 Pest and disease exclusion 166 172 159
00.02 Plant and animal health monitoring 261 269 249
00.03 Pest and disease management programs 351 389 332
00.04 Animal care 22 22 23
00.05 Scientific and technical services 84 88 95
00.06 Contingencies 1 4 2
00.07 Emergency program funding 72 71 5
00.08 Information technology infrastructure 5 4 4
00.10 Physical/operational security 6 6 6
00.12 Agricultural Quarantine Inspection User Fees 204 208 203
00.13 VHS Supplemental 5
00.14 H1N1 transfer from HHS 19 7
00.15 2008 Farm Bill, Sections 10201 and 10202 15 52 54



01.00 Total direct program 1,187 1,309 1,139
09.01 Reimbursable program 109 112 112



10.00 Total new obligations 1,296 1,421 1,251

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
21.40 Unobligated balance carried forward, start of year 312 237 122
22.00 New budget authority (gross) 1,182 1,280 1,225
22.10 Resources available from recoveries of prior year obligations 41
22.22 Unobligated balance transferred from other accounts 26



23.90 Total budgetary resources available for obligation 1,535 1,543 1,347
23.95 Total new obligations -1,296 -1,421 -1,251
23.98 Unobligated balance expiring or withdrawn -2



24.40 Unobligated balance carried forward, end of year 237 122 96

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Discretionary:
40.00 Appropriation 877 908 871
42.00 Transferred from other accounts 29 28



43.00 Appropriation (total discretionary) 906 936 871
Spending authority from offsetting collections:
58.00 Offsetting collections (cash) 99 108 109
58.10 Change in uncollected customer payments from Federal sources (unexpired) 13



58.90 Spending authority from offsetting collections (total discretionary) 112 108 109
Mandatory:
60.20 Appropriation (special fund) 494 498 508
61.00 Transferred to other accounts -347 -312 -318
62.00 Transferred from other accounts 17 50 55



62.50 Appropriation (total mandatory) 164 236 245



70.00 Total new budget authority (gross) 1,182 1,280 1,225

Change in obligated balances:
72.40 Obligated balance, start of year 381 353 360
73.10 Total new obligations 1,296 1,421 1,251
73.20 Total outlays (gross) -1,268 -1,414 -1,376
73.40 Adjustments in expired accounts (net) -7
73.45 Recoveries of prior year obligations -41
74.00 Change in uncollected customer payments from Federal sources (unexpired) -13
74.10 Change in uncollected customer payments from Federal sources (expired) 5



74.40 Obligated balance, end of year 353 360 235

Outlays (gross), detail:
86.90 Outlays from new discretionary authority 784 903 850
86.93 Outlays from discretionary balances 260 285 284
86.97 Outlays from new mandatory authority 95 195 201
86.98 Outlays from mandatory balances 129 31 41



87.00 Total outlays (gross) 1,268 1,414 1,376

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (cash) from:
88.00 Federal sources -25 -31 -31
88.40 Non-Federal sources -80 -77 -78



88.90 Total, offsetting collections (cash) -105 -108 -109
Against gross budget authority only:
88.95 Change in uncollected customer payments from Federal sources (unexpired) -13
88.96 Portion of offsetting collections (cash) credited to expired accounts 6

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority 1,070 1,172 1,116
90.00 Outlays 1,163 1,306 1,267

The major objective of the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) is to protect the health and value of American agriculture and natural resources against a variety of threats. To achieve this mission, APHIS has developed a protection system that is based on a strategic premise that safeguarding the health of animals, plants, and ecosystems makes possible safe agricultural trade and reduces losses to agricultural and natural resources. This mission is carried out under the five major areas of activity, as follows:

Pest and disease exclusion.—APHIS develops protocols for trade and travel to prevent the entry of plant or animal pests and diseases into the United States and conducts quarantines and treatments of regulated products. APHIS develops and conducts preclearance programs to ensure that agricultural products destined for U.S. ports-of-entry do not present a risk to U.S. agriculture. APHIS engages in cooperative programs in foreign countries to control pests of imminent concern to the United States. APHIS also certifies plants and plant products for export and regulates imports and exports of designated endangered plant species.

Plant and animal health monitoring.—APHIS conducts programs to assess animal and plant health and to detect endemic and exotic diseases and pests. The plant and animal health monitoring programs are primarily cooperative efforts of the Federal and State governments, and industry. APHIS also carries out surveys in cooperation with the States to detect harmful plant and animal pests and diseases and to determine if there is a need for pest eradication programs.

Pest and disease management programs.—APHIS carries out programs to control and eradicate infestations and animal diseases that threaten the United States; to reduce agricultural losses caused by predatory animals, birds, and rodents; to provide technical assistance to States, counties, farmer or rancher groups, and foundations; and to ensure compliance with interstate movement and disease control regulations. Interstate shipments of plants, livestock, and related materials are monitored and regulated to prevent the spread of disease. APHIS protects agriculture from detrimental animal predators through identification, demonstration, and application of the most appropriate methods of control. The budget for a number of programs is based on cost-share criteria for Federal and non-Federal partners to respond to a plant and animal infestation.

Animal care.—APHIS conducts regulatory activities that ensure the humane care and handling of animals used in research, exhibition, or the wholesale pet trade. APHIS is also responsible for administering the Horse Protection Act, which prohibits the showing, selling, or exhibition of sore horses.

Scientific and technical services.—APHIS develops methods to control animals and pests that are detrimental to agriculture, other wildlife, and public safety. APHIS regulates genetic research to guard against the release of potentially harmful organisms into the environment. APHIS also conducts veterinary diagnostic laboratory activities and biologic regulatory enforcement to ensure that the products developed for combatting disease are potent, safe, and pure. It also provides and directs technology development in coordination with other groups in APHIS to support programs of APHIS and its cooperators at the State, national, and international levels.
The 2011 Budget includes an additional $8 million for the cost of salary increases. In addition, there are specific increases in monitoring and surveillance and scientific and technical programs totaling $19 million and reductions in a number of programs, including cotton pests, which is nearing the end of its eradication activities; screwworm, which has closed its facility in Mexico and completed its relocation to the new facility in Darien, Panama; and Avian Influenza, due to past activities that have reduced the global risk of the spread of influenza among animals, including in North America. In addition, there are a number of changes in pest and disease management programs, including increases for the Asian Longhorned Beetle (+$16 million) to respond to the recent discovery of ALB in Massachusetts, and for the Light Brown Apple Moth in California (+$10 million). There is also a reduction of $ 24 million in the Emerald Ash Borer program based on its conversion from an eradication to a control program, as well as the availability of large balances from prior years. The Budget also proposes to increase funding for enforcement of the Horse Protection Act from the authorized level of $500 thousand to $900 thousand due to the large number of animals whose owners and exhibitors are in violation of the Act. Finally, the Budget proposes to eliminate $27 million in earmarks that were funded in 2010.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12-1600-0-1-352 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation:
11.1 Full-time permanent 449 471 456
11.3 Other than full-time permanent 5 6 6
11.5 Other personnel compensation 6 6 6



11.9 Total personnel compensation 460 483 468
12.1 Civilian personnel benefits 132 138 135
13.0 Benefits for former personnel 1 1 1
21.0 Travel and transportation of persons 35 37 31
22.0 Transportation of things 4 4 4
23.1 Rent, Communications, and Utilities 44 45 45
24.0 Printing and reproduction 2 2 2
25.2 Other services 373 455 335
26.0 Supplies and materials 63 70 64
31.0 Equipment 33 35 31
41.0 Other grants, subsidies, and contributions 30 31 19
42.0 Other insurance claims and indemnities 9 8 4
43.0 Interest and dividends 1



99.0 Direct obligations 1,187 1,309 1,139
99.0 Reimbursable obligations 109 112 112



99.9 Total new obligations 1,296 1,421 1,251

Employment Summary


Identification code 12-1600-0-1-352 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Direct:
1001 Civilian full-time equivalent employment 6,724 6,677 6,540
Reimbursable:
2001 Civilian full-time equivalent employment 1,061 1,061 1,061

buildings and facilities

For plans, construction, repair, preventive maintenance, environmental support, improvement, extension, alteration, and purchase of fixed equipment or facilities, as authorized by 7 U.S.C. 2250, and acquisition of land as authorized by 7 U.S.C. 428a, $4,712,000, to remain available until expended. (Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2010.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12-1601-0-1-352 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Obligations by program activity:
00.01 Buildings and facilities 2 7 5



10.00 Total new obligations (object class 25.2) 2 7 5

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
21.40 Unobligated balance carried forward, start of year 7 11 9
22.00 New budget authority (gross) 5 5 5
22.10 Resources available from recoveries of prior year obligations 1



23.90 Total budgetary resources available for obligation 13 16 14
23.95 Total new obligations -2 -7 -5



24.40 Unobligated balance carried forward, end of year 11 9 9

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Discretionary:
40.00 Appropriation 5 5 5

Change in obligated balances:
72.40 Obligated balance, start of year 7 5 7
73.10 Total new obligations 2 7 5
73.20 Total outlays (gross) -3 -5 -5
73.45 Recoveries of prior year obligations -1



74.40 Obligated balance, end of year 5 7 7

Outlays (gross), detail:
86.90 Outlays from new discretionary authority 1 1
86.93 Outlays from discretionary balances 3 4 4



87.00 Total outlays (gross) 3 5 5

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority 5 5 5
90.00 Outlays 3 5 5

The buildings and facilities account provides for plans, construction, repair, preventive maintenance, environmental support, improvement, extension, alteration, purchase of fixed equipment or facilities, and acquisition of land, as needed, for Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) operated facilities, which include animal quarantine stations, border inspection stations, sterile insect rearing facilities, and laboratories.

For these activities, the 2011 Budget proposes $4.712 million which includes funding to address safety issues with several facilities.

Trust Funds

Miscellaneous Trust Funds

Special and Trust Fund Receipts (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12-9971-0-7-352 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

01.00 Balance, start of year



01.99 Balance, start of year
Receipts:
02.20 Deposits of Miscellaneous Contributed Funds, APHIS 17 14 14



02.99 Total receipts and collections 17 14 14



04.00 Total: Balances and collections 17 14 14
Appropriations:
05.00 Miscellaneous Trust Funds -17 -14 -14



05.99 Total appropriations -17 -14 -14



07.99 Balance, end of year

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12-9971-0-7-352 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Obligations by program activity:
00.01 Miscellaneous trust funds 18 18 17



10.00 Total new obligations 18 18 17

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
21.40 Unobligated balance carried forward, start of year 16 16 12
22.00 New budget authority (gross) 17 14 14
22.10 Resources available from recoveries of prior year obligations 1



23.90 Total budgetary resources available for obligation 34 30 26
23.95 Total new obligations -18 -18 -17



24.40 Unobligated balance carried forward, end of year 16 12 9

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Mandatory:
60.26 Appropriation (trust fund) 17 14 14

Change in obligated balances:
72.40 Obligated balance, start of year 2 2 3
73.10 Total new obligations 18 18 17
73.20 Total outlays (gross) -17 -17 -15
73.45 Recoveries of prior year obligations -1



74.40 Obligated balance, end of year 2 3 5

Outlays (gross), detail:
86.97 Outlays from new mandatory authority 12 12 13
86.98 Outlays from mandatory balances 5 5 2



87.00 Total outlays (gross) 17 17 15

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority 17 14 14
90.00 Outlays 17 17 15

The following services are financed by fees and miscellaneous contributions advanced by importers, manufacturers, States, organizations, individuals, and others:

Miscellaneous contributed funds.—Funds are received from States, local organizations, individuals, and others and are available for plant and animal quarantine inspection and cooperative plant and animal disease and pest control activities (7 U.S.C. 450b, 2220). Commencing in 1979, fees were collected for the importation of commercial birds.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12-9971-0-7-352 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Direct obligations:
11.1 Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent 9 9 9
12.1 Civilian personnel benefits 2 2 1
21.0 Travel and transportation of persons 3 3 3
25.2 Other services 1 1 1
26.0 Supplies and materials 2 2 2
31.0 Equipment 1
41.0 Grants, subsidies, and contributions 1 1



99.9 Total new obligations 18 18 17

Employment Summary


Identification code 12-9971-0-7-352 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Direct:
1001 Civilian full-time equivalent employment 150 150 150

Food Safety and Inspection Service

Federal Funds

Food Safety and Inspection Service

For necessary expenses to carry out services authorized by the Federal Meat Inspection Act, the Poultry Products Inspection Act, and the Egg Products Inspection Act, including not to exceed $50,000 for representation allowances and for expenses pursuant to section 8 of the Act approved August 3, 1956 (7 U.S.C. 1766), [$1,018,520,000] $1,036,900,000; and in addition, $1,000,000 may be credited to this account from fees collected for the cost of laboratory accreditation as authorized by section 1327 of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation and Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 138f): Provided, That funds provided for the Public Health Data Communication Infrastructure system shall remain available until expended: [Provided further, That no fewer than 140 full-time equivalent positions shall be employed during fiscal year 2010 for purposes dedicated solely to inspections and enforcement related to the Humane Methods of Slaughter Act: Provided further, That of the amount available under this heading, $3,000,000 shall be obligated to maintain the Humane Animal Tracking System as part of the Public Health Data Communication Infrastructure System:] Provided further, That this appropriation shall be available pursuant to law (7 U.S.C. 2250) for the alteration and repair of buildings and improvements, but the cost of altering any one building during the fiscal year shall not exceed 10 percent of the current replacement value of the building. (7 U.S.C. 450, 1901-06; 10 U.S.C. 2306; 18 U.S.C. 1114; 21 U.S.C. 451-470, 601-624, 641-645, 661, 671-680, 691-692; 694-695; Public Law 99-641; Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2010.)

Special and Trust Fund Receipts (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12-3700-0-1-554 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

01.00 Balance, start of year



01.99 Balance, start of year
Receipts:
02.20 Fees, Food Safety Inspection User Fee Account - legislative proposal subject to PAYGO 11



04.00 Total: Balances and collections 11



07.99 Balance, end of year 11

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12-3700-0-1-554 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Obligations by program activity:
00.01 Salaries and expenses 975 1,021 1,037
09.01 Reimbursable program 125 121 121



10.00 Total new obligations 1,100 1,142 1,158

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
21.40 Unobligated balance carried forward, start of year 8 17 15
22.00 New budget authority (gross) 1,107 1,140 1,158
22.10 Resources available from recoveries of prior year obligations 3



23.90 Total budgetary resources available for obligation 1,118 1,157 1,173
23.95 Total new obligations -1,100 -1,142 -1,158
23.98 Unobligated balance expiring or withdrawn -1



24.40 Unobligated balance carried forward, end of year 17 15 15

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Discretionary:
40.00 Appropriation 972 1,019 1,037
41.00 Transferred to other accounts -13
42.00 Transferred from other accounts 13



43.00 Appropriation (total discretionary) 972 1,019 1,037
Spending authority from offsetting collections:
58.00 Offsetting collections (cash) 145 121 121
58.10 Change in uncollected customer payments from Federal sources (unexpired) -10



58.90 Spending authority from offsetting collections (total discretionary) 135 121 121



70.00 Total new budget authority (gross) 1,107 1,140 1,158

Change in obligated balances:
72.40 Obligated balance, start of year 163 168 194
73.10 Total new obligations 1,100 1,142 1,158
73.20 Total outlays (gross) -1,102 -1,116 -1,154
73.45 Recoveries of prior year obligations -3
74.00 Change in uncollected customer payments from Federal sources (unexpired) 10



74.40 Obligated balance, end of year 168 194 198

Outlays (gross), detail:
86.90 Outlays from new discretionary authority 962 935 949
86.93 Outlays from discretionary balances 140 181 205



87.00 Total outlays (gross) 1,102 1,116 1,154

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (cash) from:
88.00 Federal sources -2 -1 -1
88.40 Non-Federal sources -144 -120 -120



88.90 Total, offsetting collections (cash) -146 -121 -121
Against gross budget authority only:
88.95 Change in uncollected customer payments from Federal sources (unexpired) 10
88.96 Portion of offsetting collections (cash) credited to expired accounts 1

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority 972 1,019 1,037
90.00 Outlays 956 995 1,033

The primary objective of the Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) is to ensure that meat, poultry, and egg products are wholesome, unadulterated, and properly labeled and packaged, as required by the Federal Meat Inspection Act, the Poultry Products Inspection Act, and the Egg Products Inspection Act. In carrying out this mission, FSIS oversight responsibility covers a significant percentage of American spending on food. Providing adequate resources for Federal food safety agencies is a priority of the Administration, and the 2011 Budget proposes an $18 million increase from the 2010 enacted funding level for inspection of meat, poultry, and egg products. The proposed budget for 2011 will cover increases for pay costs, upgrades to the agency's information system infrastructure, increased Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP) testing, additional baseline studies, and strengthening of the public health epidemiology program. The decreases for 2011 include reductions in funding for the catfish inspection program , the Food Emergency Response Network (FERN), and other homeland security laboratory expenses. In addition, legislation will be submitted for two user fees. The first is a performance-based user fee, which will be charged to plants that have sample failures or require additional inspection activities due to a pattern of regulatory non-compliance. The second one is a flat fee for facility applications and annual renewal activities in order to cover the increased costs above those basic inspection services provided to meat, poultry or processed egg products establishments. The amount of this fee would be based on a plant's size.

FEDERALLY FUNDED INSPECTION ACTIVITIES


FEDERALLY FUNDED INSPECTION ACTIVITIES 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Federally inspected establishments:
Slaughter plants 153 166 179
Processing plants 4,331 4,426 4,523
Combination slaughter and processing plants 991 1,015 1,039
Talmadge-Aiken plants 341 337 333
Import establishments 129 129 130
Egg plants 84 88 92
Other plants 666 667 668
Federally inspected and passed production (millions of pounds):
Meat slaughter 49,013 49,916 50,836
Poultry slaughter 56,166 56,418 56,671
Egg products 3,923 3,844 3,767
Import/export activity (millions of pounds
Meat and poultry imported 3,224 3,315 3,500
Meat and poultry exported 15,084 15,135 15,050
Intrastate inspection1
Intrastate inspection 27 27 27
Talmadge-Aiken inspection 9 9 9
Number of slaughter and/or processing plants (excludes exempt plants) 1,772 1,701 1,632
Compliance activities:2
Investigations and surveillance activities 13,735 15,109 18,131
Enforcement actions completed 1,110 1,221 1,465
Product Testing (samples analyzed):
Food chemistry 284 291 299
Food microbiology 77,376 77,569 109,943
Chemical residues 17,730 15,662 13,836
Antibiotic residues 166,876 183,591 201,981
Pathology samples 5,037 5,138 5,242
Egg Products:
Food microbiology 1,716 1,747 1,779
Consumer Education and public outreach:
Meat and poultry hotline calls received 67,941 65,000 63,000
Website visits 15,279,988 18,300,000 21,300,000
Electronic messages received 6,479 6,700 7,000
Publications distributed 1,200,000 1,400,000 1,600,000
E-mail alert service subscribers 72,368 79,600 85,000
Epidemiological Investigations:
Cooperative efforts with State and public health offices 62 61 59
Illnesses reported and treated 3 1,878 1,940 2,004

1States with cooperative agreements which are operating programs.2Number decreased due to re-allocation of resources to Food Safety outbreak investigation and Export Certification Investigation.3Data must be collected over a number of years to chart national trends and estimate the incidence of foodborne illness and treatment.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12-3700-0-1-554 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation:
11.1 Full-time permanent 525 547 552
11.3 Other than full-time permanent 12 12 12
11.5 Other personnel compensation 23 24 24



11.9 Total personnel compensation 560 583 588
12.1 Civilian personnel benefits 188 196 197
13.0 Benefits for former personnel 1 1 1
21.0 Travel and transportation of persons 39 39 39
22.0 Transportation of things 4 4 4
23.1 Rental payments to GSA 1 1 1
23.2 Rental payments to others 1 1 1
23.3 Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous charges 14 20 18
24.0 Printing and reproduction 1 1 1
25.1 Advisory and assistance services 5 3 3
25.2 Other services 62 59 59
25.3 Other purchases of goods and services from Government accounts 29 34 32
25.4 Operation and maintenance of facilities 1 2 3
25.7 Operation and maintenance of equipment 1 1 1
26.0 Supplies and materials 12 12 15
31.0 Equipment 4 14 20
32.0 Land and structures 4
41.0 Grants, subsidies, and contributions 50 50 50
42.0 Insurance claims and indemnities 1



99.0 Direct obligations 974 1,021 1,037
99.0 Reimbursable obligations 125 121 121
99.5 Below reporting threshold 1



99.9 Total new obligations 1,100 1,142 1,158

Employment Summary


Identification code 12-3700-0-1-554 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Direct:
1001 Civilian full-time equivalent employment 9,343 9,587 9,618
Reimbursable:
2001 Civilian full-time equivalent employment 43 43 43

Trust Funds

Expenses and Refunds, Inspection and Grading of Farm Products

Special and Trust Fund Receipts (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12-8137-0-7-352 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

01.00 Balance, start of year



01.99 Balance, start of year
Receipts:
02.20 Deposits of Fees, Inspection and Grading of Farm Products, Food Safety and Quality Service 11 9 9



02.99 Total receipts and collections 11 9 9



04.00 Total: Balances and collections 11 9 9
Appropriations:
05.00 Expenses and Refunds, Inspection and Grading of Farm Products -11 -9 -9



05.99 Total appropriations -11 -9 -9



07.99 Balance, end of year

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12-8137-0-7-352 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Obligations by program activity:
00.01 Expenses and refunds, inspection and grading of farm products 10 9 9



10.00 Total new obligations 10 9 9

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
21.40 Unobligated balance carried forward, start of year 3 3
22.00 New budget authority (gross) 13 9 9



23.90 Total budgetary resources available for obligation 13 12 12
23.95 Total new obligations -10 -9 -9



24.40 Unobligated balance carried forward, end of year 3 3 3

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Mandatory:
60.26 Appropriation (trust fund) 11 9 9
69.00 Offsetting collections (cash) 2



70.00 Total new budget authority (gross) 13 9 9

Change in obligated balances:
72.40 Obligated balance, start of year -1
73.10 Total new obligations 10 9 9
73.20 Total outlays (gross) -9 -9 -9



74.40 Obligated balance, end of year

Outlays (gross), detail:
86.97 Outlays from new mandatory authority 8 9 9
86.98 Outlays from mandatory balances 1



87.00 Total outlays (gross) 9 9 9

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.00 Offsetting collections (cash) from: Federal sources -2

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority 11 9 9
90.00 Outlays 7 9 9

Under authority of the Agricultural Marketing Act of 1946, Federal meat and poultry inspection services are provided upon request and for a fee in cases where inspection is not mandated by statute. This service includes: certifying products for export beyond the requirements of export certificates; inspecting certain animals and poultry intended for human food where inspection is not required by statute, such as buffalo, rabbit, and quail; and inspecting products intended for animal consumption.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12-8137-0-7-352 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation:
11.1 Full-time permanent 6 6 6
11.5 Other personnel compensation 2 2 2



11.9 Total personnel compensation 8 8 8
12.1 Civilian personnel benefits 1 1 1



99.0 Direct obligations 9 9 9
99.5 Below reporting threshold 1



99.9 Total new obligations 10 9 9

Employment Summary


Identification code 12-8137-0-7-352 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Direct:
1001 Civilian full-time equivalent employment 74 66 66

Grain Inspection, Packers and Stockyards Administration

Federal Funds

salaries and expenses

For necessary expenses of the Grain Inspection, Packers and Stockyards Administration, [$41,964,000] $44,192,000: Provided, That this appropriation shall be available pursuant to law (7 U.S.C. 2250) for the alteration and repair of buildings and improvements, but the cost of altering any one building during the fiscal year shall not exceed 10 percent of the current replacement value of the building. (7 U.S.C. 71, 74-79, 84-87, 181-229, 1621-27; Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2010.)

Special and Trust Fund Receipts (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12-2400-0-1-352 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

01.00 Balance, start of year



01.99 Balance, start of year
Receipts:
02.20 Fees, Grain Inspection, Packers and Stockyards User Fee Account - legislative proposal subject to PAYGO 29



04.00 Total: Balances and collections 29



07.99 Balance, end of year 29

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12-2400-0-1-352 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Obligations by program activity:
00.01 Standardization 4 4 4
00.02 Compliance 7 7 7
00.03 Methods development 7 7 8
00.04 Packers and stockyards program 22 24 25
09.01 Reimbursable program 1 1 1



10.00 Total new obligations 41 43 45

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
22.00 New budget authority (gross) 41 43 45
23.95 Total new obligations -41 -43 -45



24.40 Unobligated balance carried forward, end of year

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Discretionary:
40.00 Appropriation 40 42 44
58.00 Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) 1 1 1



70.00 Total new budget authority (gross) 41 43 45

Change in obligated balances:
72.40 Obligated balance, start of year 7 7 7
73.10 Total new obligations 41 43 45
73.20 Total outlays (gross) -41 -43 -44



74.40 Obligated balance, end of year 7 7 8

Outlays (gross), detail:
86.90 Outlays from new discretionary authority 36 36 37
86.93 Outlays from discretionary balances 5 7 7



87.00 Total outlays (gross) 41 43 44

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.00 Offsetting collections (cash) from: Federal sources -1 -1 -1

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority 40 42 44
90.00 Outlays 40 42 43

The Grain Inspection, Packers and Stockyards Administration's (GIPSA) Grain Regulatory Program promotes and enforces the accurate and uniform application of the United States Grain Standards Act (USGSA) and applicable provisions of the Agricultural Marketing Act of 1946. GIPSA identifies, evaluates, and implements new or improved techniques for measuring grain quality. GIPSA also establishes and updates testing and grading standards to facilitate the marketing of U.S. grain, oilseeds, and related products. GIPSA briefs foreign buyers, assesses foreign inspection and weighing techniques, and responds to foreign quality and quantity complaints. An advisory committee consisting of members from the grain industry exists to advise the Agency regarding efficient and economical implementation of the USGSA. The Grain Quality Improvement Act of 1986 was enacted on November 10, 1986, to improve the quality of U.S. grain by prohibiting the introduction and reintroduction of dockage and foreign material to grain.

GIPSA's Packers and Stockyards Program (P&SP) promotes fair business practices, financial integrity, and competitive environments to market livestock, meat, and poultry. Through its oversight activities, including monitoring programs, reviews, and investigations, P&SP fosters fair competition, provides payment protection, and guards against deceptive and fraudulent trade practices that affect the movement and price of meat animals and their products. P&SP's work protects consumers and members of the livestock, meat, and poultry industries. P&SP enforces the Packers and Stockyards (P&S) Act, which prohibits unfair, deceptive, and unjust discriminatory practices by market agencies, dealers, stockyards, packers, swine contractors, and live poultry dealers in the livestock, meat packing, and poultry industries. The P&S Act provides an important safety net for livestock producers and poultry growers in rural America. P&SP conducts routine and ongoing regulatory inspections and audits to assess whether subject entities are operating in compliance with the Act, and conducts investigations of potential P&S Act violations identified by either industry complaints or previous GIPSA regulatory inspections. All activities are carried out by a cadre of specialists including economists, legal specialists, accountants, and agricultural marketing professionals.

MAIN WORKLOAD FACTORS


Grain Regulatory Program 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

U.S. standards and factors (attribute tests) in effect at end of year 136 129 129
Standards reviews and factors in progress 1 2 4
Standards reviews and factors completed 5 0 2
On-site investigations 10 12 12
Designations renewed 20 19 19
Registration certificates issued 148 149 149


Packers and Stockyards Program 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Investigations 1,087 1,120 1,153
Regulatory Activities 2,023 2,043 2,064
Livestock market agencies/dealers registered 5,754 5,696 5,639
Stockyards posted 1,170 1,182 1,175
Slaughtering and processing packers subject to the Act (estimated) 3,201 3,233 3,265
Meat distributors, brokers, and dealers subject to the Act (estimated) 4,062 4,103 4,144
Poultry operations subject to the Act 125 125 125

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12-2400-0-1-352 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Direct obligations:
11.1 Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent 24 25 25
12.1 Civilian personnel benefits 6 6 8
21.0 Travel and transportation of persons 2 2 2
23.3 Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous charges 1 1 1
25.2 Other services 5 5 5
26.0 Supplies and materials 1 1 1
31.0 Equipment 1 2 2



99.0 Direct obligations 40 42 44
99.0 Reimbursable obligations 1 1 1



99.9 Total new obligations 41 43 45

Employment Summary


Identification code 12-2400-0-1-352 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Direct:
1001 Civilian full-time equivalent employment 266 273 289
Reimbursable:
2001 Civilian full-time equivalent employment 5 5 5

limitation on inspection and weighing services expenses

Not to exceed [$42,463,000] $45,041,000 (from fees collected) shall be obligated during the current fiscal year for inspection and weighing services: Provided, That if grain export activities require additional supervision and oversight, or other uncontrollable factors occur, this limitation may be exceeded by up to 10 percent with notification to the Committees on Appropriations of both Houses of Congress. (7 U.S.C. 71, 74-79, 84-87, 181-229, 1621-27; Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2010.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12-4050-0-3-352 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Obligations by program activity:
09.00 Limitation on inspection and weighing services expenses 41 42 45



10.00 Total new obligations 41 42 45

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
21.40 Unobligated balance carried forward, start of year 11 10 10
22.00 New budget authority (gross) 40 42 45



23.90 Total budgetary resources available for obligation 51 52 55
23.95 Total new obligations -41 -42 -45



24.40 Unobligated balance carried forward, end of year 10 10 10

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Mandatory:
69.00 Offsetting collections (cash) 41 42 45
69.10 Change in uncollected customer payments from Federal sources (unexpired) -1



69.90 Spending authority from offsetting collections (total mandatory) 40 42 45

Change in obligated balances:
72.40 Obligated balance, start of year -2 -2
73.10 Total new obligations 41 42 45
73.20 Total outlays (gross) -42 -40 -45
74.00 Change in uncollected customer payments from Federal sources (unexpired) 1



74.40 Obligated balance, end of year -2

Outlays (gross), detail:
86.97 Outlays from new mandatory authority 39 40 45
86.98 Outlays from mandatory balances 3



87.00 Total outlays (gross) 42 40 45

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.40 Offsetting collections (cash) from: Non-Federal sources -41 -42 -45
Against gross budget authority only:
88.95 Change in uncollected customer payments from Federal sources (unexpired) 1

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority
90.00 Outlays 1 -2

The Grain Inspection, Packers and Stockyards Administration (GIPSA) provides a uniform system for the inspection and weighing of grain. Services provided under this system are financed through a fee -supported revolving fund.

Fee-supported programs include direct services, supervision activities and administrative functions. Direct services include official grain inspection and weighing by GIPSA employees at certain export ports as well as the inspection of U.S. grain shipped through Canada. GIPSA supervises the inspection and weighing activities performed by its own employees. GIPSA also oversees the inspection and weighing of grain performed by employees of 4 delegated States and 51 designated State and private agencies. GIPSA provides an appeal service of original grain inspections and a registration system for grain exporting firms. Through support from the Association of American Railroads and user fees, GIPSA conducts a railroad track scale testing program. In addition, GIPSA provides grading services, on request, for rice and grain related products under the authority of the Agricultural Marketing Act of 1946.


2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Export grain inspected and/or weighed (million metric tons):
By Federal personnel 71.4 74.0 74.0
By delegated States 24.9 26.0 26.0
Quantity of grain inspected (official inspections) domestically (million metric tons) 168.3 168.0 169.0
Number of grain official inspections and reinspections:
By Federal personnel 101,831 104,000 104,000
By delegated state/official agency licenses 3,053,053 3,120,000 3,120,000
Number of appeals (Grain, Rice, and Pulses) 2,555 3,170 3,170
Number of appeals to the Board of Appeals and Review (Grain, Rice, and Pulses) 274 415 415
Quantity of rice inspected (million metric tons) 2.3 2.5 2.6
Quantity of rice exports (million metric tons) 4.2 4.4 4.1

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12-4050-0-3-352 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Reimbursable obligations:
Personnel compensation:
11.1 Full-time permanent 29 30 32
11.3 Other than full-time permanent 1 1 1



11.9 Total personnel compensation 30 31 33
12.1 Civilian personnel benefits 5 5 6
21.0 Travel and transportation of persons 1 1 1
23.3 Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous charges 1 1 1
25.2 Other services 3 3 3
26.0 Supplies and materials 1 1 1



99.9 Total new obligations 41 42 45

Employment Summary


Identification code 12-4050-0-3-352 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Reimbursable:
2001 Civilian full-time equivalent employment 411 411 411

Agricultural Marketing Service

Federal Funds

marketing services

For necessary expenses of the Agricultural Marketing Service, [$91,148,000] $97,255,000: Provided, That this appropriation shall be available pursuant to law (7 U.S.C. 2250) for the alteration and repair of buildings and improvements, but the cost of altering any one building during the fiscal year shall not exceed 10 percent of the current replacement value of the building.

Fees may be collected for the cost of standardization activities, as established by regulation pursuant to law (31 U.S.C. 9701). (7 U.S.C. 91-99, 136i-136l, 138-138l, 291-292, 415b-415d, 471-476, 501-508, 581-599, 951-957, 1031-1056, 1291, 1551-56, 1621-27, 2204(b)(c), 4401-06, 6501-22; 15 U.S.C. 714-714p; 21 U.S.C. 1031-56; 26 U.S.C. 6804, 7233, 7263, 7492-93, 7701; 49 U.S.C. 1653; Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2010.)

limitation on administrative expenses

Not to exceed [$64,583,000] $60,947,000 (from fees collected) shall be obligated during the current fiscal year for administrative expenses: Provided, That if crop size is understated and/or other uncontrollable events occur, the agency may exceed this limitation by up to 10 percent with notification to the Committees on Appropriations of both Houses of Congress. (Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2010.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12-2500-0-1-352 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Obligations by program activity:
00.01 Market news service 33 34 35
00.02 Inspection and standardization 8 8 8
00.03 Market protection and promotion 44 48 57
00.04 Wholesale market development 3 3 4
00.05 Transportation services 3 3 3
09.01 Reimbursable program 46 69 65



10.00 Total new obligations 137 165 172

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
21.40 Unobligated balance carried forward, start of year 34 26 25
22.00 New budget authority (gross) 129 164 172
22.10 Resources available from recoveries of prior year obligations 1



23.90 Total budgetary resources available for obligation 164 190 197
23.95 Total new obligations -137 -165 -172
23.98 Unobligated balance expiring or withdrawn -1



24.40 Unobligated balance carried forward, end of year 26 25 25

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Discretionary:
40.00 Appropriation 87 91 97
Spending authority from offsetting collections:
58.00 Offsetting collections (cash) 37 68 64
58.00 Offsetting collections (cash) interest earned 1



58.90 Spending authority from offsetting collections (total discretionary) 37 68 65
Mandatory:
62.00 Transferred from other accounts 5 5 10



70.00 Total new budget authority (gross) 129 164 172

Change in obligated balances:
72.40 Obligated balance, start of year 22 32 24
73.10 Total new obligations 137 165 172
73.20 Total outlays (gross) -124 -173 -170
73.40 Adjustments in expired accounts (net) -2
73.45 Recoveries of prior year obligations -1



74.40 Obligated balance, end of year 32 24 26

Outlays (gross), detail:
86.90 Outlays from new discretionary authority 105 149 152
86.93 Outlays from discretionary balances 19 20 13
86.98 Outlays from mandatory balances 4 5



87.00 Total outlays (gross) 124 173 170

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (cash) from:
88.00 Federal sources -1 -3 -3
88.20 Interest on Federal securities -1
88.40 Non-Federal sources -36 -65 -61



88.90 Total, offsetting collections (cash) -37 -68 -65

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority 92 96 107
90.00 Outlays 87 105 105

Memorandum (non-add) entries:
92.01 Total investments, start of year: Federal securities: Par value 12 13
92.02 Total investments, end of year: Federal securities: Par value 12 13 11

Agricultural Marketing Service activities assist producers and handlers of agricultural commodities by providing a variety of marketing-related services. These services continue to become more complex as the volume of agricultural commodities increases, as a greater number of new processed commodities are developed, and as the agricultural market structure undergoes extensive changes. Marketing changes include increased concentration in food retailing, direct buying, decentralization of processing, growth of interregional competition, vertical integration, and contract farming.

The individual Marketing Services activities include:

Market news service.—The market news program provides the agricultural community with information pertaining to the movement of agricultural products. This nationwide service provides daily reports on the supply, demand, and price of over 700 commodities on domestic and foreign markets.

Inspection, grading and standardization.—Nationally uniform standards of quality for agricultural products are established and applied to specific lots of products to: promote confidence between buyers and sellers; reduce hazards in marketing due to misunderstandings and disputes arising from the use of nonstandard descriptions; and encourage better preparation of uniform quality products for market. Grading services are provided on request for cotton and tobacco.
Quarterly inspection of egg handlers and hatcheries is conducted to ensure the proper disposition of shell eggs unfit for human consumption.

MARKET NEWS PROGRAM


2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Percentage of reports released on time 95% 95% 95%

COTTON AND TOBACCO USER FEE PROGRAM


2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Cotton classed (bales in millions) 12 12 12
Domestic tobacco graded (million pounds) 11 11 11
Imported tobacco inspected (million kilograms) 64 71 71

FEDERALLY FUNDED INSPECTION AND MARKETING ACTIVITIES


2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

States and Commonwealths with cooperative agreements 52 52 52
Percentage of noncomplying shell egg lots that are reprocessed or diverted 100% 100% 100%

STANDARDIZATION ACTIVITIES


2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

International and U.S. standards in effect, end of fiscal year 578 581 583
Number of commodities covered 223 223 224

Market protection and promotion.—This program consists of: (1) the research and promotion programs which are designed to improve the competitive position and expand markets for cotton, eggs and egg products, honey, pork, beef, dairy products, potatoes, watermelons, mushrooms, soybeans, fluid milk, popcorn, blueberries, avocados, lamb, mangos and peanuts; (2) the Federal Seed Act; and (3) the administration of the Capper-Volstead Act and the Agricultural Fair Practices Act.
The pesticide recordkeeping program monitors compliance of private certified applicators with Federal regulations requiring them to keep records of restricted pesticides used in agricultural production.
The pesticide data program develops comprehensive, statistically defensible information on pesticide residues in food to improve government dietary risk procedures.
Federal seed inspectors conduct tests on seed samples to help ensure truthful labeling of agricultural and vegetable seeds sold in interstate commerce.
The Capper-Volstead Act and the Agricultural Fair Practices Act protect producers against discriminatory practices by handlers, permit producers to engage in cooperative efforts, and ensure that such cooperatives do not engage in practices that monopolize or restrain trade.
The National Organic Program certifies that organically produced food products meet national standards.

MARKET PROTECTION AND PROMOTION ACTIVITIES


2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Pesticide data program (PDP):
Number of children's food commodities included in PDP 47 48 48
Number of compounds reported by PDP labs 388 391 391
Pesticide recordkeeping:
Number of State/Federal Inspections conducted 4000 4,000 4,000
Percentage of sampling goal attained 100% 100% 100%
Seed Act:
Interstate investigations:
Completed 350 350 350
Pending 375 375 375
Seed samples tested 1400 1400 1400
Percentage of cases submitted that are completed 100% 100% 100%
Plant Variety Protection Act:
Number of applications received 325 325 325
Certificates of protection issued and abandoned 375 375 375
Research and promotion collections (dollars in millions) 526 526 526
Percentage of board budgets and marketing plans approved within time frame goal 100% 100% 100%

Wholesale market development.—This program is designed to enhance the marketing of domestic agricultural commodities by conducting research into more efficient marketing methods and by providing technical assistance to areas interested in improving their food distribution facilities.

Transportation Services.—The activities are designed to help ensure that the Nation's transportation systems will adequately serve the needs of agriculture and rural areas of the United States.

WHOLESALE MARKET DEVELOPMENT ACTIVITIES


2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Number of projects completed 12 12 12

TRANSPORTATION SERVICES ACTIVITIES


2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Number of projects completed 12 12 12

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12-2500-0-1-352 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation:
11.1 Full-time permanent 31 33 34
11.3 Other than full-time permanent 1 1 1
11.5 Other personnel compensation 3 3 3



11.9 Total personnel compensation 35 37 38
12.1 Civilian personnel benefits 9 10 10
21.0 Travel and transportation of persons 2 2 3
23.2 Rental payments to others 2 2 2
23.3 Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous charges 2 2 2
25.2 Other services 23 19 22
25.3 Other purchases of goods and services from Government accounts 16 17 17
26.0 Supplies and materials 1 1 1
31.0 Equipment 1 1 1
41.0 Grants, subsidies, and contributions 5 11



99.0 Direct obligations 91 96 107
99.0 Reimbursable obligations 46 69 65



99.9 Total new obligations 137 165 172

Employment Summary


Identification code 12-2500-0-1-352 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Direct:
1001 Civilian full-time equivalent employment 421 464 464
Reimbursable:
2001 Civilian full-time equivalent employment 392 391 391

payments to states and possessions

For payments to departments of agriculture, bureaus and departments of markets, and similar agencies for marketing activities under section 204(b) of the Agricultural Marketing Act of 1946 (7 U.S.C. 1623(b)), [$1,334,000] $2,634,000. (Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2010.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12-2501-0-1-352 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Obligations by program activity:
00.01 Payments to States and possessions 58 58 58



10.00 Total new obligations 58 58 58

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
21.40 Unobligated balance carried forward, start of year 8 1
22.00 New budget authority (gross) 51 57 58



23.90 Total budgetary resources available for obligation 59 58 58
23.95 Total new obligations -58 -58 -58



24.40 Unobligated balance carried forward, end of year 1

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Discretionary:
40.00 Appropriation 2 2 3
Mandatory:
62.00 Transferred from other accounts 49 55 55



70.00 Total new budget authority (gross) 51 57 58

Change in obligated balances:
72.40 Obligated balance, start of year 15 59 96
73.10 Total new obligations 58 58 58
73.20 Total outlays (gross) -14 -21 -40



74.40 Obligated balance, end of year 59 96 114

Outlays (gross), detail:
86.90 Outlays from new discretionary authority 1 1
86.93 Outlays from discretionary balances 14 1 1
86.98 Outlays from mandatory balances 19 38



87.00 Total outlays (gross) 14 21 40

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority 51 57 58
90.00 Outlays 14 21 40

Grants are made on a matching fund basis to State departments of agriculture to carry out specifically approved value-added programs designed to spotlight local marketing initiatives and enhance marketing efficiency. Under this activity, specialists work with farmers, marketing firms, and other agencies in solving marketing problems and in using research results.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12-2501-0-1-352 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Direct obligations:
25.3 Other purchases of goods and services from Government accounts 56 56 55
41.0 Grants, subsidies, and contributions 2 2 3



99.9 Total new obligations 58 58 58

Employment Summary


Identification code 12-2501-0-1-352 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Direct:
1001 Civilian full-time equivalent employment 4 4 4

Perishable Agricultural Commodities Act Fund

Special and Trust Fund Receipts (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12-5070-0-2-352 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

01.00 Balance, start of year



01.99 Balance, start of year
Receipts:
02.00 License Fees and Defaults, Perishable Agricultural Commodities Act Fund 7 7 7



02.99 Total receipts and collections 7 7 7



04.00 Total: Balances and collections 7 7 7
Appropriations:
05.00 Perishable Agricultural Commodities Act Fund -7 -7 -7



05.99 Total appropriations -7 -7 -7



07.99 Balance, end of year

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12-5070-0-2-352 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Obligations by program activity:
00.01 Perishable Agricultural Commodities Act 10 11 11



10.00 Total new obligations 10 11 11

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
21.40 Unobligated balance carried forward, start of year 11 8 4
22.00 New budget authority (gross) 7 7 7



23.90 Total budgetary resources available for obligation 18 15 11
23.95 Total new obligations -10 -11 -11



24.40 Unobligated balance carried forward, end of year 8 4

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Mandatory:
60.20 Appropriation (special fund) 7 7 7

Change in obligated balances:
72.40 Obligated balance, start of year 1 1 1
73.10 Total new obligations 10 11 11
73.20 Total outlays (gross) -10 -11 -10



74.40 Obligated balance, end of year 1 1 2

Outlays (gross), detail:
86.97 Outlays from new mandatory authority 7 7 7
86.98 Outlays from mandatory balances 3 4 3



87.00 Total outlays (gross) 10 11 10

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority 7 7 7
90.00 Outlays 10 11 10

Memorandum (non-add) entries:
92.01 Total investments, start of year: Federal securities: Par value 2
92.02 Total investments, end of year: Federal securities: Par value 2

License fees are deposited in this special fund and are used to meet the costs of administering the Perishable Agricultural Commodities and the Produce Agency Acts (7 U.S.C. 491-497, 499a-499s).

The Acts are intended to ensure equitable treatment to farmers and others in the marketing of fresh and frozen fruits and vegetables. Commission merchants, dealers, and brokers handling these products in interstate and foreign commerce are licensed. Complaints of violations are investigated and violations dealt with by (a) informal agreements between the two parties, (b) formal decisions involving payment of reparation awards, and/or (c) suspension or revocation of license and/or publication of the facts.

The Perishable Agricultural Commodities Act requires traders to have trust assets on hand to meet their obligations to fruit and vegetable suppliers. To preserve their trust and establish their rights ahead of other creditors, unpaid suppliers file notice with both the Department and their debtors that payment is due. The Act provides permanent authority to the Secretary of Agriculture to set license and reparation complaint filing fees.

PERISHABLE AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES ACT ACTIVITIES


2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Percentage of informal reparation complaints completed within time frame goal 91% 91% 91%

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12-5070-0-2-352 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Direct obligations:
11.1 Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent 6 6 6
12.1 Civilian personnel benefits 2 2 2
25.3 Other purchases of goods and services from Government accounts 2 3 3



99.9 Total new obligations 10 11 11

Employment Summary


Identification code 12-5070-0-2-352 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Direct:
1001 Civilian full-time equivalent employment 78 85 85

funds for strengthening markets, income, and supply (section 32)

(including transfers of funds)

Funds available under section 32 of the Act of August 24, 1935 (7 U.S.C. 612c), shall be used only for commodity program expenses as authorized therein, and other related operating expenses, [including $10,000,000 for replacement of a system to support commodity purchases,] except for: (1) transfers to the Department of Commerce as authorized by the Fish and Wildlife Act of August 8, 1956; (2) transfers otherwise provided in this Act; and (3) not more than [$20,056,000] $20,283,000 for formulation and administration of marketing agreements and orders pursuant to the Agricultural Marketing Agreement Act of 1937 and the Agricultural Act of 1961. (Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2010.)

Special and Trust Fund Receipts (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12-5209-0-2-605 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

01.00 Balance, start of year 14,656 13,823 12,965



01.99 Balance, start of year 14,656 13,823 12,965
Receipts: