DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION

The President's Budget reflects a bold Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) reauthorization strategy that improves accountability systems, enhances teacher effectiveness, expands educational choice, and strengthens teaching and learning. Subsequent to ESEA reauthorization, the Administration expects to send up a budget amendment to align the Budget's request for the Department of Education with the authorizations contained in the enacted bill. Contingent on Congress successfully completing a fundamental overhaul of the Act that includes the President's proposed reforms, the Administration would seek up to $1 billion in additional funding for certain ESEA programs on top of the increases requested in the 2011 Budget. This additional funding would be for ESEA programs such as Title I Grants to Local Educational Agencies (renamed College- and Career-ready Students) to support rewards for highly effective local educational agencies and schools, State Assessments (renamed Assessing Achievement), and a reformed 21st Century Community Learning Centers program.

The Administration will work closely with the Congress to enact its ESEA reauthorization proposal and carry out its fundamental restructuring of Federal funding for education. The 2011 request for the Department of Education reflects enactment of this proposal. However, if ESEA is not reauthorized prior to the 2011 appropriation, the Administration strongly believes its requested increase for ESEA programs should be devoted to programs best positioned to reform K-12 education. See the Department of Education's Congressional Justification for more information.

Office of Elementary and Secondary Education

Federal Funds

[Education for the Disadvantaged] Accelerating Achievement and Ensuring Equity

[For carrying out title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 ("ESEA'') and section 418A of the Higher Education Act of 1965, $15,914,666,000, of which $4,954,510,000 shall become available on July 1, 2010, and shall remain available through September 30, 2011, and of which $10,841,176,000 shall become available on October 1, 2010, and shall remain available through September 30, 2011, for academic year 2010-2011: Provided, That $6,597,946,000 shall be for basic grants under section 1124 of the ESEA: Provided further, That up to $4,000,000 of these funds shall be available to the Secretary of Education on October 1, 2009, to obtain annually updated local educational-agency-level census poverty data from the Bureau of the Census: Provided further, That $1,365,031,000 shall be for concentration grants under section 1124A of the ESEA: Provided further, That $3,264,712,000 shall be for targeted grants under section 1125 of the ESEA: Provided further, That $3,264,712,000 shall be for education finance incentive grants under section 1125A of the ESEA: Provided further, That $9,167,000 shall be to carry out sections 1501 and 1503 of the ESEA: Provided further, That $545,633,000 shall be available for school improvement grants under section 1003(g) of the ESEA, which shall be allocated by the Secretary through the formula described in section 1003(g)(2) and shall be used consistent with the requirements of section 1003(g), except that State and local educational agencies may use such funds (and funds appropriated for section 1003(g) under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act) to serve any school eligible to receive assistance under part A of title I that has not made adequate yearly progress for at least 2 years or is in the State's lowest quintile of performance based on proficiency rates and, in the case of secondary schools, priority shall be given to those schools with graduation rates below 60 percent: Provided further, That notwithstanding section 1003(g)(5)(A), each State educational agency may establish a maximum subgrant size of not more than $2,000,000 for each participating school applicable to such funds and to the funds appropriated for section 1003(g) under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act: Provided further, That the ESEA title I, part A funds awarded to local educational agencies under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 for fiscal year 2009 shall not be considered for the purpose of calculating hold-harmless amounts under subsections 1122(c) and 1125A(g)(3) in making allocations under title I, part A for fiscal year 2010 and succeeding years and, notwithstanding section 1003(e), shall not be considered for the purpose of reserving funds under section 1003(a): Provided further, That $250,000,000 shall be available under section 1502 of the ESEA for a comprehensive literacy development and education program to advance literacy skills, including pre-literacy skills, reading, and writing, for students from birth through grade 12, including limited-English-proficient students and students with disabilities, of which one-half of 1 percent shall be reserved for the Secretary of the Interior for such a program at schools funded by the Bureau of Indian Education, one-half of 1 percent shall be reserved for grants to the outlying areas for such a program, $10,000,000 shall be reserved for formula grants to States based on each State's relative share of funds under part A of title I of the ESEA for fiscal year 2009 (excluding funds awarded under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009), except that no State shall receive less than $150,000, to establish or support a State Literacy Team with expertise in literacy development and education for children from birth through grade 12 to assist the State in developing a comprehensive literacy plan, up to 5 percent may be reserved for national activities, and the remainder shall be used to award competitive grants to State educational agencies for such a program, of which a State educational agency may reserve up to 5 percent for State leadership activities, including technical assistance and training, data collection, reporting, and administration, and shall subgrant not less than 95 percent to local educational agencies or, in the case of early literacy, to local educational agencies or other nonprofit providers of early childhood education that partner with a public or private nonprofit organization or agency with a demonstrated record of effectiveness in improving the early literacy development of children from birth through kindergarten entry and in providing professional development in early literacy, giving priority to such agencies or other entities serving greater numbers or percentages of disadvantaged children: Provided further, That the State educational agency shall ensure that at least 15 percent of the subgranted funds are used to serve children from birth through age 5, 40 percent are used to serve students in kindergarten through grade 5, and 40 percent are used to serve students in middle and high school including an equitable distribution of funds between middle and high schools: Provided further, That eligible entities receiving subgrants from State educational agencies shall use such funds for services and activities that have the characteristics of effective literacy instruction through professional development, screening and assessment, targeted interventions for students reading below grade level and other research-based methods of improving classroom instruction and practice.] (Department of Education Appropriations Act, 2010.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91-0900-0-1-501 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Obligations by program activity:
00.01 Grants to local educational agencies 21,495 14,603 10,841
00.02 School improvement grants 60 4,091
00.05 Early reading first 113
00.06 Striving readers 36 285
00.07 Reading first State grants 16
00.08 Even start 66 70
00.09 Literacy through school libraries 19 19
00.10 State agency programs 458 453
00.11 Evaluation 9 9
00.12 Special programs for migrant students 34 37
00.13 High school graduation initiative 50



10.00 Total new obligations 22,306 19,617 10,841

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
21.40 Unobligated balance carried forward, start of year 154 3,702
22.00 New budget authority (gross) 25,854 15,915 10,841



23.90 Total budgetary resources available for obligation 26,008 19,617 10,841
23.95 Total new obligations -22,306 -19,617 -10,841



24.40 Unobligated balance carried forward, end of year 3,702

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Discretionary:
40.00 Appropriation 17,919 5,074
55.00 Advance appropriation 7,935 10,841 10,841



70.00 Total new budget authority (gross) 25,854 15,915 10,841

Change in obligated balances:
72.40 Obligated balance, start of year 11,004 17,405 14,795
73.10 Total new obligations 22,306 19,617 10,841
73.20 Total outlays (gross) -15,881 -22,227 -20,894
73.40 Adjustments in expired accounts (net) -24



74.40 Obligated balance, end of year 17,405 14,795 4,742

Outlays (gross), detail:
86.90 Outlays from new discretionary authority 6,546 8,774 8,456
86.93 Outlays from discretionary balances 9,335 13,453 12,438



87.00 Total outlays (gross) 15,881 22,227 20,894

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.40 Offsetting collections (cash) from: Non-Federal sources -7
Against gross budget authority only:
88.96 Portion of offsetting collections (cash) credited to expired accounts 7

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority 25,854 15,915 10,841
90.00 Outlays 15,874 22,227 20,894

Summary of Budget Authority and Outlays (in millions of dollars)


2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Enacted/requested:
Budget Authority 25,854 15,915 10,841
Outlays 15,874 22,227 20,894
Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO:
Budget Authority 4,230
Outlays 85
Total:
Budget Authority 25,854 15,915 15,071
Outlays 15,874 22,227 20,979

SUMMARY OF PROGRAM LEVEL (in millions of dollars)


2009-10 Academic Year 2010-11 Academic Year 2011-12 Academic Year

New Budget Authority $4,919 $5,073 $4,230

Advance appropriation 10,481 10,841 11,682




Total program level 15,760 15,914 15,912



Change in advance appropriation from the previous year 2,906 0 8411
Detail 0 0 0

1To account for the Administration's ESEA reauthorization proposal, the 2011 Budget eliminates the $1.7 billion advance appropriation that was previously in the School Improvement Programs account (renamed the Education Improvement Programs account) and replaces it with corresponding increases to advance appropriations in the Education for the Disadvantaged account ($841 million, renamed the Accelerating Achievement and Ensuring Equity account) and the Special Education account ($841 million). Total advance appropriations in the Department of Education remain $21.9 billion.

The Administration is proposing legislation reauthorizing programs included in the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA), including programs in this account. Consistent with this reauthorization proposal, the Budget proposes to rename this account Accelerating Achievement and Ensuring Equity and realign programs in ESEA accounts. When new authorizing legislation is enacted, resources will be requested for these programs. See the Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO schedule for additional details.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91-0900-0-1-501 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Direct obligations:
24.0 Printing and reproduction 1 1
25.1 Advisory and assistance services 8 4 1
25.2 Other services 32 45 17
25.3 Other purchases of goods and services from Government accounts 2 2
25.5 Research and development contracts 4 6
41.0 Grants, subsidies, and contributions 22,259 19,559 10,823



99.9 Total new obligations 22,306 19,617 10,841

Accelerating Achievement and Ensuring Equity

(Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91-0900-2-1-501 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Obligations by program activity:
00.01 College- and career-ready students 2,811
00.02 School turnaround grants 900
00.03 Evaluation 9
00.04 State agency programs 445
00.05 Homeless children and youth education 65



10.00 Total new obligations 4,230

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
22.00 New budget authority (gross) 4,230
23.95 Total new obligations -4,230



24.40 Unobligated balance carried forward, end of year

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Discretionary:
40.00 Appropriation 4,230

Change in obligated balances:
73.10 Total new obligations 4,230
73.20 Total outlays (gross) -85



74.40 Obligated balance, end of year 4,145

Outlays (gross), detail:
86.90 Outlays from new discretionary authority 85

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority 4,230
90.00 Outlays 85

The resources in this schedule are proposed for later transmittal under proposed legislation to reauthorize the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965.

College- and career-ready students (formerly Grants to local educational agencies).—Funds would be allocated via formula for programs that provide academic support to help students in high-poverty schools meet college- and career-ready standards. States would annually assess all students in certain grades in at least English language arts and mathematics, and use the results of these assessments to measure local educational agency (LEA) and school progress in ensuring that all students are meeting, or on track to meet, college- and career-ready standards; to inform families about whether their children are meeting or on track to meet such standards; and, with additional information, to develop appropriate improvement and support strategies for schools and LEAs. States would develop plans to recognize and reward highly effective schools and LEAs, require rigorous school intervention models in the lowest-achieving schools, and intervene in low-performing LEAs that are not serving their students or schools well.

School turnaround grants.—Funds would primarily support grants to States to help LEAs turn around their lowest-achieving schools by implementing one of four rigorous school intervention models. In general, such schools would rank in the bottom five percent of performance in their States, based on proficiency rates and lack of progress, or, in the case of high schools, have a graduation rate below 60 percent. Once States have served their lowest-achieving schools, funds could be used for other school improvement and support efforts in eligible schools.

Evaluation.—Funds would support studies designed to evaluate Title I policies and practices, including analyses of implementation, outcomes, impact, and cost effectiveness of key Elementary and Secondary Education Act requirements, including assessments, accountability systems, and school improvement requirements.

State agency migrant program.—Funds would support formula grants to States for educational services to children of migratory farmworkers and fishers, with resources and services focused on children who have moved within the past 36 months.

State agency neglected and delinquent children and youth education program.—Funds support formula grants to States for educational services to children and youth in local and State-run institutions for neglected or delinquent youths, community day programs for neglected and delinquent youths, and adult correction facilities.

Homeless children and youth education.—Funds would support formula grants to States to provide educational and support services that enable homeless children and youths to attend and achieve success in school.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91-0900-2-1-501 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Direct obligations:
24.0 Printing and reproduction 1
25.1 Advisory and assistance services 1
25.2 Other services 1
25.3 Other purchases of goods and services from Government accounts 1
25.5 Research and development contracts 1
41.0 Grants, subsidies, and contributions 4,225



99.9 Total new obligations 4,230

Impact Aid

[For carrying out programs of financial assistance to federally affected schools authorized by title VIII of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965, $1,276,183,000, of which $1,138,000,000 shall be for basic support payments under section 8003(b), $48,602,000 shall be for payments for children with disabilities under section 8003(d), $17,509,000 shall be for construction under section 8007(a), $67,208,000 shall be for Federal property payments under section 8002, and $4,864,000, to remain available until expended, shall be for facilities maintenance under section 8008: Provided, That for purposes of computing the amount of a payment for an eligible local educational agency under section 8003(a) for school year 2009-2010, children enrolled in a school of such agency that would otherwise be eligible for payment under section 8003(a)(1)(B) of such Act, but due to the deployment of both parents or legal guardians, or a parent or legal guardian having sole custody of such children, or due to the death of a military parent or legal guardian while on active duty (so long as such children reside on Federal property as described in section 8003(a)(1)(B)), are no longer eligible under such section, shall be considered as eligible students under such section, provided such students remain in average daily attendance at a school in the same local educational agency they attended prior to their change in eligibility status.] (Department of Education Appropriations Act, 2010.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91-0102-0-1-501 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Obligations by program activity:
00.01 Basic support payments 1,129 1,138
00.02 Payments for children with disabilities 49 49



00.91 Subtotal 1,178 1,187
01.01 Facilities maintenance 7 6
02.01 Construction 57 95
03.01 Payments for Federal property 66 67



10.00 Total new obligations 1,308 1,355

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
21.40 Unobligated balance carried forward, start of year 21 79
22.00 New budget authority (gross) 1,366 1,276



23.90 Total budgetary resources available for obligation 1,387 1,355
23.95 Total new obligations -1,308 -1,355



24.40 Unobligated balance carried forward, end of year 79

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Discretionary:
40.00 Appropriation 1,366 1,276

Change in obligated balances:
72.40 Obligated balance, start of year 420 419 307
73.10 Total new obligations 1,308 1,355
73.20 Total outlays (gross) -1,308 -1,467 -164
73.40 Adjustments in expired accounts (net) -1



74.40 Obligated balance, end of year 419 307 143

Outlays (gross), detail:
86.90 Outlays from new discretionary authority 1,151 1,145
86.93 Outlays from discretionary balances 157 322 164



87.00 Total outlays (gross) 1,308 1,467 164

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority 1,366 1,276
90.00 Outlays 1,308 1,467 164

Summary of Budget Authority and Outlays (in millions of dollars)


2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Enacted/requested:
Budget Authority 1,366 1,276
Outlays 1,308 1,467 164
Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO:
Budget Authority 1,276
Outlays 1,131
Total:
Budget Authority 1,366 1,276 1,276
Outlays 1,308 1,467 1,295

The Administration is proposing legislation reauthorizing Impact Aid programs included in the Elementary and Secondary Education Act. When new authorizing legislation is enacted, resources will be requested for these programs. See the "Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO" schedule for additional details.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91-0102-0-1-501 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

41.0 Direct obligations: Grants, subsidies, and contributions 1,308 1,354
99.5 Below reporting threshold 1



99.9 Total new obligations 1,308 1,355

Impact Aid

(Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91-0102-2-1-501 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Obligations by program activity:
00.01 Basic support payments 1,138
00.02 Payments for children with disabilities 49



00.91 Subtotal 1,187
01.01 Facilities maintenance 5
03.01 Payments for Federal property 67



10.00 Total new obligations (object class 41.0) 1,259

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
22.00 New budget authority (gross) 1,276
23.95 Total new obligations -1,259



24.40 Unobligated balance carried forward, end of year 17

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Discretionary:
40.00 Appropriation 1,276

Change in obligated balances:
73.10 Total new obligations 1,259
73.20 Total outlays (gross) -1,131



74.40 Obligated balance, end of year 128

Outlays (gross), detail:
86.90 Outlays from new discretionary authority 1,131

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority 1,276
90.00 Outlays 1,131

The resources in this schedule are proposed for later transmittal under proposed legislation to reauthorize the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965.

Impact Aid helps to replace the lost local revenue that would otherwise be available to educate federally connected children. The presence of certain students living on Federal property, such as students who are military dependents or who reside on Indian lands, can place a financial burden on local educational agencies that educate them. The property on which the children live and their parents work is exempt from local property taxes, denying local educational agencies access to the primary source of revenue used by most communities to finance education.

Basic support payments.—Payments will be made on behalf of over 930,000 federally connected students enrolled in about 1,220 local educational agencies to assist them in meeting their operation and maintenance costs. Average per-student payments will be approximately $1,200.

Payments for children with disabilities.—Payments in addition to those provided under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act will be provided on behalf of approximately 55,000 federally connected students with disabilities in about 900 local educational agencies. Average per-student payments will be approximately $900.

Facilities maintenance.—Funds will be used to provide emergency repairs for school facilities that serve military dependents and are owned by the Department of Education. Funds will also be used to transfer the facilities to local educational agencies.

Construction.—Approximately 15 construction grants will be awarded competitively to the highest-need impact aid districts for emergency repairs and modernization of school facilities.

Payments for Federal property.—Payments will be made to approximately 200 local educational agencies in which real property owned by the Federal Government represents 10 percent or more of the assessed value of real property in the local educational agency.

[School Improvement Programs] Education Improvement Programs

For carrying out school improvement activities authorized by [parts A, B, and D of title II, part B of title IV, subparts 6 and 9 of part D of title V, parts A and B of title VI, and parts B and C of title VII of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 ("ESEA''); the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act;] section 203 of the Educational Technical Assistance Act of 2002; the Compact of Free Association Amendments Act of 2003; [part Z of title VIII of the Higher Education Act ("HEA'');] and the Civil Rights Act of 1964, [$5,228,444,000, of which $3,363,993,000 shall become available on July 1, 2010, and remain available through September 30, 2011, and of which $1,681,441,000 shall become available on October 1, 2010, and shall remain available through September 30, 2011, for academic year 2010-2011: Provided, That funds made available to carry out part B of title VII of the ESEA may be used for construction, renovation, and modernization of any elementary school, secondary school, or structure related to an elementary school or secondary school, run by the Department of Education of the State of Hawaii, that serves a predominantly Native Hawaiian student body: Provided further, That from the funds referred to in the preceding proviso, not less than $1,500,000 shall be for the activities described in such proviso and $1,500,000 shall be for a grant to the University of Hawaii School of Law for a Center of Excellence in Native Hawaiian law: Provided further, That from the funds referred to in the second preceding proviso, $500,000 shall be for part Z of title VIII of the HEA: Provided further, That funds made available to carry out part C of title VII of the ESEA may be used for construction: Provided further, That up to 100 percent of the funds available to a State educational agency under part D of title II of the ESEA may be used for subgrants described in section 2412(a)(2)(B) of such Act: Provided further, That funds made available under this heading for section 2421 of the ESEA may be used for activities authorized under section 802 of the Higher Education Opportunity Act: Provided further, That] $80,989,000, of which $56,313,000 shall be available to carry out section 203 of the Educational Technical Assistance Act of 2002[: Provided further, That $34,391,000 shall be available to carry out part D of title V of the ESEA: Provided further, That no funds appropriated under this heading may be used to carry out section 5494 under the ESEA: Provided further, That], and of which $17,687,000 shall be available to carry out the Supplemental Education Grants program for the Federated States of Micronesia and the Republic of the Marshall Islands: Provided [further], That up to 5 percent of these amounts may be reserved by the Federated States of Micronesia and the Republic of the Marshall Islands to administer the Supplemental Education Grants programs and to obtain technical assistance, oversight and consultancy services in the administration of these grants and to reimburse the United States Departments of Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education for such services[: Provided further, That $9,729,000 of the funds available for the Foreign Language Assistance Program shall be available for 5-year grants to local educational agencies that would work in partnership with one or more institutions of higher education to establish or expand articulated programs of study in languages critical to United States national security that will enable successful students to advance from elementary school through college to achieve a superior level of proficiency in those languages: Provided further, That of the funds available for section 2103(a) of the ESEA, $5,000,000 shall be available to continue a national school leadership partnership initiative as described in the statement of the managers on the conference report accompanying this Act]. (Department of Education Appropriations Act, 2010.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91-1000-0-1-501 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Obligations by program activity:
00.01 Improving teacher quality State grants 2,687 2,989 1,684
00.02 Mathematics and science partnerships 176 185
00.03 Educational technology State grants 910 111
00.04 21st century community learning centers 1,127 1,181
00.05 Javits gifted and talented education 7 7
00.06 Foreign language assistance 26 27
00.07 State assessments 407 423
00.08 Education for homeless children and youth 135 66
00.09 Education for Native Hawaiians 33 34
00.10 Alaska Native education equity 33 33
00.11 Training and advisory services 9 7 7
00.12 Rural education 174 176
00.13 Supplemental education grants 18 18 18
00.14 Comprehensive centers 57 56 56
00.15 Emergency funds for homeless students 15



10.00 Total new obligations 5,814 5,313 1,765

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
21.40 Unobligated balance carried forward, start of year 63 89 4
22.00 New budget authority (gross) 5,836 5,228 1,762
22.10 Resources available from recoveries of prior year obligations 4



23.90 Total budgetary resources available for obligation 5,903 5,317 1,766
23.95 Total new obligations -5,814 -5,313 -1,765



24.40 Unobligated balance carried forward, end of year 89 4 1

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Discretionary:
40.00 Appropriation 4,401 3,547 81
55.00 Advance appropriation 1,435 1,681 1,681



70.00 Total new budget authority (gross) 5,836 5,228 1,762

Change in obligated balances:
72.40 Obligated balance, start of year 6,222 6,589 6,339
73.10 Total new obligations 5,814 5,313 1,765
73.20 Total outlays (gross) -5,400 -5,563 -5,332
73.40 Adjustments in expired accounts (net) -43
73.45 Recoveries of prior year obligations -4



74.40 Obligated balance, end of year 6,589 6,339 2,772

Outlays (gross), detail:
86.90 Outlays from new discretionary authority 916 1,114 1,011
86.93 Outlays from discretionary balances 4,484 4,449 4,321



87.00 Total outlays (gross) 5,400 5,563 5,332

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.40 Offsetting collections (cash) from: Non-Federal sources -2
Against gross budget authority only:
88.96 Portion of offsetting collections (cash) credited to expired accounts 2

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority 5,836 5,228 1,762
90.00 Outlays 5,398 5,563 5,332

Summary of Budget Authority and Outlays (in millions of dollars)


2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Enacted/requested:
Budget Authority 5,836 5,228 1,762
Outlays 5,398 5,563 5,332
Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO:
Budget Authority 1,809
Outlays 36
Total:
Budget Authority 5,836 5,228 3,571
Outlays 5,398 5,563 5,368

SUMMARY OF PROGRAM LEVEL (in millions of dollars)


2009-10 Academic Year 2010-11 Academic Year 2011-12 Academic Year

New Budget Authority 3681 3547 1891

Advance Appropriation 1681 1681 0




Total program level 5362 5362 1891



Change in advance appropriation over previous year 246 0 -16811

1To account for the Administration's ESEA reauthorization proposal, the 2011 Budget eliminates the $1.7 billion advance appropriation that was previously in the School Improvement Programs account (renamed the Education Improvement Programs account) and replaces it with corresponding increases to advance appropriations in the Education for the Disadvantaged account ($841 million, renamed the Accelerating Achievement and Ensuring Equity account) and the Special Education account ($841 million). Total advance appropriations in the Department of Education remain $21.9 billion.

The Administration is proposing legislation reauthorizing the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA), including programs in this account. Consistent with this reauthorization proposal, the Budget proposes to rename this account Education Improvement Programs and realign programs in ESEA accounts. When new authorizing legislation is enacted, resources will be requested for these programs. See the Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO schedule for additional details.

Training and advisory services.—Funds support grants to regional equity assistance centers that provide technical assistance to school districts in addressing educational equity related to issues of race, gender, and national origin.

Supplemental education grants.—Funds support grants to the Federated States of Micronesia and to the Republic of the Marshall Islands in place of grant programs discontinued by the Compact of Free Association Amendments Act of 2003.

Comprehensive centers.—Funds support at least 20 comprehensive centers that focus on building State capacity to help school districts and schools meet the requirements of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91-1000-0-1-501 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Direct obligations:
25.1 Advisory and assistance services 9 1
25.2 Other services 20 26
25.5 Research and development contracts 1 1
41.0 Grants, subsidies, and contributions 5,784 5,286 1,764



99.9 Total new obligations 5,814 5,313 1,765

Education Improvement Programs

(Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91-1000-2-1-501 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Obligations by program activity:
00.01 Effective teaching and learning: literacy 450
00.02 Effective teaching and learning: science, technology, engineering, and mathematics 300
00.03 Effective teaching and learning for a well-rounded education 265
00.04 College pathways and accelerated learning 100
00.05 Assessing achievement 450
00.06 Rural education 175
00.07 Native Hawaiian student education 34
00.08 Alaska Native student education 33
00.09 Women's educational equity 2



10.00 Total new obligations 1,809

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
22.00 New budget authority (gross) 1,809
23.95 Total new obligations -1,809

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Discretionary:
40.00 Appropriation 1,809

Change in obligated balances:
73.10 Total new obligations 1,809
73.20 Total outlays (gross) -36



74.40 Obligated balance, end of year 1,773

Outlays (gross), detail:
86.90 Outlays from new discretionary authority 36

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority 1,809
90.00 Outlays 36

The resources in this schedule are proposed for later transmittal under proposed legislation to reauthorize the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965.

Effective teaching and learning: literacy.—Funds would support competitive grants for State and local efforts aimed at implementing comprehensive literacy strategies for providing high-quality literacy instruction to students from pre-kindergarten through grade 12.

Effective teaching and learning: science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM).—Funds would support competitive grants to States to improve the teaching and learning of STEM subjects.

Effective teaching and learning for a well-rounded education.—Funds would support competitive grants to States and high-need school districts to develop and expand innovative practices to improve teaching and learning in the arts, foreign languages, civics and government, history, geography, economics, and financial literacy. The new program would also include a national activities authority under which the Department would reserve funds to support research, technical assistance, prize awards, dissemination, and grants to support the effective use of technology in the core academic subjects and the development of aligned instructional systems.

College pathways and accelerated learning.—Funds would support competitive grants to high-need school districts for programs that prepare students to enter and succeed in college.

Assessing achievement.—Funds support formula and competitive grants to States to implement college- and career-ready standards and assessments.

Rural education.—Funds would support formula grants under two programs: Small, Rural School Achievement and Rural and Low-Income Schools. The Small, Rural School Achievement program would provide rural local educational agencies with small enrollments with additional formula funds. Funds under the Rural and Low-Income School program, which would target rural local educational agencies that serve concentrations of poor students, would be allocated by formula to States, which in turn would allocate funds to eligible local educational agencies.

Native Hawaiian education.—Funds would support competitive grants to public and private entities to develop or operate innovative projects that enhance the educational services provided to Native Hawaiian children and adults.

Alaska Native student education.—Funds would support competitive grants to school districts and other public and private organizations to develop or operate innovative projects that enhance the educational services provided to Alaska Native children and adults.

Women's educational equity.—Funds would support competitive awards to a variety of public and private organizations, agencies, and institutions for programs that design and implement gender-equity policies and practices. Research, development, and dissemination activities may also be funded.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91-1000-2-1-501 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Direct obligations:
25.1 Advisory and assistance services 61
25.5 Research and development contracts 1
41.0 Grants, subsidies, and contributions 1,747



99.9 Total new obligations 1,809

[Indian Education] Indian Student Education

[For expenses necessary to carry out, to the extent not otherwise provided, title VII, part A of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965, $127,282,000.] (Department of Education Appropriations Act, 2010.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91-0101-0-1-501 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Obligations by program activity:
00.01 Grants to local educational agencies 99 104
00.02 Special programs for Indian children 19 19
00.03 National activities 4 4



10.00 Total new obligations 122 127

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
22.00 New budget authority (gross) 122 127
23.95 Total new obligations -122 -127

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Discretionary:
40.00 Appropriation 122 127

Change in obligated balances:
72.40 Obligated balance, start of year 133 129 146
73.10 Total new obligations 122 127
73.20 Total outlays (gross) -118 -110 -118
73.40 Adjustments in expired accounts (net) -8



74.40 Obligated balance, end of year 129 146 28

Outlays (gross), detail:
86.90 Outlays from new discretionary authority 8 6
86.93 Outlays from discretionary balances 110 104 118



87.00 Total outlays (gross) 118 110 118

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority 122 127
90.00 Outlays 118 110 118

Summary of Budget Authority and Outlays (in millions of dollars)


2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Enacted/requested:
Budget Authority 122 127
Outlays 118 110 118
Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO:
Budget Authority 127
Outlays 6
Total:
Budget Authority 122 127 127
Outlays 118 110 124

The Administration is proposing legislation reauthorizing the Elementary and Secondary Education Act, including programs in this account. Consistent with this reauthorization proposal, the Budget proposes to rename this account Indian Student Education and realign programs in ESEA accounts. When new authorizing legislation is enacted, resources will be requested for these programs. See the "Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO" schedule for additional details.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91-0101-0-1-501 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Direct obligations:
25.2 Other services 4 4
41.0 Grants, subsidies, and contributions 118 123



99.9 Total new obligations 122 127

Indian Student Education

(Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91-0101-2-1-501 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Obligations by program activity:
00.01 Grants to local educational agencies 104
00.02 Special programs for Indian children 19
00.03 National activities 4



10.00 Total new obligations 127

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
22.00 New budget authority (gross) 127
23.95 Total new obligations -127

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Discretionary:
40.00 Appropriation 127

Change in obligated balances:
73.10 Total new obligations 127
73.20 Total outlays (gross) -6



74.40 Obligated balance, end of year 121

Outlays (gross), detail:
86.90 Outlays from new discretionary authority 6

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority 127
90.00 Outlays 6

The resources in this schedule are proposed for later transmittal under proposed legislation to reauthorize the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965.

The Indian Education programs support the efforts of local educational agencies and tribal schools to improve teaching and learning for the Nation's American Indian and Alaska Native children.

Grants to local educational agencies.—Formula grants support local educational agencies in their efforts to reform elementary and secondary school programs that serve Indian students, with the goal of ensuring that such programs assist participating students in meeting the same academic standards as all other students. In 2009, the Department made 1,264 formula grants to local educational agencies and tribal schools serving more than 472,500 students.

Special programs for Indian children.—The Department makes competitive awards for demonstration projects in early childhood education and college preparation, as well as professional development grants for training Native American teachers and administrators for employment in school districts with concentrations of Indian students.

National activities.—Funds support research, evaluation, data collection, and related activities.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91-0101-2-1-501 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Direct obligations:
25.2 Other services 4
41.0 Grants, subsidies, and contributions 123



99.9 Total new obligations 127

State Fiscal Stabilization Fund, Recovery Act

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91-1909-0-1-999 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Obligations by program activity:
00.01 State grants 35,427 13,159
00.02 Race-to-the-top incentive grants 4,350
00.03 Investing in innovation fund 650
00.04 Administration 3 11



10.00 Total new obligations 35,430 18,170

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
21.40 Unobligated balance carried forward, start of year 18,170
22.00 New budget authority (gross) 53,600



23.90 Total budgetary resources available for obligation 53,600 18,170
23.95 Total new obligations -35,430 -18,170



24.40 Unobligated balance carried forward, end of year 18,170

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Discretionary:
40.00 Appropriation 53,600

Change in obligated balances:
72.40 Obligated balance, start of year 22,997 9,007
73.10 Total new obligations 35,430 18,170
73.20 Total outlays (gross) -12,433 -32,160 -9,007



74.40 Obligated balance, end of year 22,997 9,007

Outlays (gross), detail:
86.90 Outlays from new discretionary authority 12,433
86.93 Outlays from discretionary balances 32,160 9,007



87.00 Total outlays (gross) 12,433 32,160 9,007

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority 53,600
90.00 Outlays 12,433 32,160 9,007

Amounts in this schedule reflect balances that are spending out from a prior-year appropriation.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91-1909-0-1-999 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation:
11.1 Full-time permanent 2 5
11.3 Other than full-time permanent 1



11.9 Total personnel compensation 3 5
12.1 Civilian personnel benefits 1 1
25.1 Advisory and assistance services 43
25.2 Other services 13
41.0 Grants, subsidies, and contributions 35,426 18,107



99.0 Direct obligations 35,430 18,169
99.5 Below reporting threshold 1



99.9 Total new obligations 35,430 18,170

Employment Summary


Identification code 91-1909-0-1-999 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Direct:
1001 Civilian full-time equivalent employment 24 46

Office of Innovation and Improvement

Federal Funds

[Innovation and Improvement] Innovation and Instructional Teams

[For carrying out activities authorized by part G of title I, subpart 5 of part A and parts C and D of title II, parts B, C, and D of title V, and section 1504 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 ("ESEA''), and by part F of title VIII of the Higher Education Act of 1965, $1,389,065,000: Provided, That $10,649,000 shall be provided to the National Board for Professional Teaching Standards to carry out section 2151(c) of the ESEA: Provided further, That from funds for subpart 4, part C of title II of the ESEA, up to 3 percent shall be available to the Secretary of Education for technical assistance and dissemination of information: Provided further, That $671,570,000 shall be available to carry out part D of title V of the ESEA: Provided further, That $88,791,000 shall be used for the projects, and in the amounts, specified in the statement of the managers on the conference report accompanying this Act: Provided further, That $1,000,000 shall be for a national clearinghouse that will collect and disseminate information on effective educational practices and the latest research regarding the planning, design, financing, construction, improvement, operation, and maintenance of safe, healthy, high-performance public facilities for nursery and pre-kindergarten, kindergarten through grade 12, and higher education: Provided further, That $400,000,000 of the funds for subpart 1 of part D of title V of the ESEA shall be for competitive grants to local educational agencies, including charter schools that are local educational agencies, or States, or partnerships of: (1) a local educational agency, a State, or both; and (2) at least one non-profit organization to develop and implement performance-based compensation systems for teachers, principals, and other personnel in high-need schools: Provided further, That such performance-based compensation systems must consider gains in student academic achievement as well as classroom evaluations conducted multiple times during each school year among other factors and provide educators with incentives to take on additional responsibilities and leadership roles: Provided further, That recipients of such grants shall demonstrate that such performance-based systems are developed with the input of teachers and school leaders in the schools and local educational agencies to be served by the grant: Provided further, That recipients of such grants may use such funds to develop or improve systems and tools (which may be developed and used for the entire local educational agency or only for schools served under the grant) that would enhance the quality and success of the compensation system, such as high-quality teacher evaluations and tools to measure growth in student achievement: Provided further, That applications for such grants shall include a plan to sustain financially the activities conducted and systems developed under the grant once the grant period has expired: Provided further, That up to 5 percent of such funds for competitive grants shall be available for technical assistance, training, peer review of applications, program outreach and evaluation activities: Provided further, That of the funds available for part B of title V of the ESEA, the Secretary shall use up to $23,082,000 to carry out activities under section 5205(b) and under subpart 2: Provided further, That of the funds available for subpart 1 of part B of title V of the ESEA, and notwithstanding section 5205(a), the Secretary may reserve up to $50,000,000 to make multiple awards to non-profit charter management organizations and other entities that are not for-profit entities for the replication and expansion of successful charter school models and shall reserve $10,000,000 to carry out the activities described in section 5205(a), including by providing technical assistance to authorized public chartering agencies in order to increase the number of high-performing charter schools: Provided further, That the funds referenced in the preceding proviso shall not be obligated prior to submission of a report to the Committees on Appropriations of the House of Representatives and the Senate detailing the planned uses of such funds: Provided further, That each application submitted pursuant to section 5203(a) shall describe a plan to monitor and hold accountable authorized public chartering agencies through such activities as providing technical assistance or establishing a professional development program, which may include planning, training and systems development for staff of authorized public chartering agencies to improve the capacity of such agencies in the State to authorize, monitor, and hold accountable charter schools: Provided further, That each application submitted pursuant to section 5203(a) shall contain assurances that State law, regulations, or other policies require that: (1) each authorized charter school in the State operate under a legally binding charter or performance contract between itself and the school's authorized public chartering agency that describes the obligations and responsibilities of the school and the public chartering agency; conduct annual, timely, and independent audits of the school's financial statements that are filed with the school's authorized public chartering agency; and demonstrate improved student academic achievement; and (2) authorized public chartering agencies use increases in student academic achievement for all groups of students described in section 1111(b)(2)(C)(v) of the ESEA as the most important factor when determining to renew or revoke a school's charter: Provided further, That from the funds for subpart 1 of part D of title V of the ESEA, $12,000,000 shall be for competitive awards to local educational agencies located in counties in Louisiana, Mississippi, and Texas that were designated by the Federal Emergency Management Agency as counties eligible for individual assistance due to damage caused by Hurricanes Katrina, Ike, or Gustav: Provided further, That such awards shall be used to improve education in areas affected by such hurricanes and shall be for such activities as replacing instructional materials and equipment; paying teacher incentives; modernizing or renovating or repairing school buildings; beginning or expanding Advanced Placement or other rigorous courses; supporting the expansion of charter schools; and supporting after-school or extended learning time activities.] (Department of Education Appropriations Act, 2010.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91-0204-0-1-501 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Obligations by program activity:
00.01 Teacher incentive fund 98 599
00.02 Troops-to-teachers 14 14
00.03 Transition to teaching 44 44
00.04 National writing project 24 26
00.05 Teaching American history 119 119
00.06 School leadership 19 29
00.07 Advanced credentialing 11 11
School choice and flexibility:
00.08 Charter schools grants 208 248
00.09 Credit enhancement for charter school facilities 8 8
00.10 Voluntary public school choice 26 26
00.11 Magnet schools assistance 105 100
00.12 Advanced placement 44 46
00.13 Close Up fellowships 2 2
00.14 Ready-to-learn-television 25 27
00.15 Academies for American history and civics 2 2
00.16 FIE programs of national significance 116 135
00.17 Reading is fundamental/Inexpensive book distribution 25 25
00.18 Ready to teach 11 11
00.19 Exchanges with historic whaling and trading partners 9 9
00.20 Excellence in economic education 1 1
00.21 Mental health integration in schools 6 6
00.22 Foundations for learning 1 1
00.23 Arts in education 38 40
00.24 Parental information and resource centers 39 39
00.25 Womens educational equity 2 2
00.26 Teach for America 18



01.00 Total direct program 997 1,588
09.01 DC School Choice 14 13 9



10.00 Total new obligations 1,011 1,601 9

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
21.40 Unobligated balance carried forward, start of year 199
22.00 New budget authority (gross) 1,210 1,402 9



23.90 Total budgetary resources available for obligation 1,210 1,601 9
23.95 Total new obligations -1,011 -1,601 -9



24.40 Unobligated balance carried forward, end of year 199

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Discretionary:
40.00 Appropriation 1,196 1,389
58.00 Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) 14 13 9



70.00 Total new budget authority (gross) 1,210 1,402 9

Change in obligated balances:
72.40 Obligated balance, start of year 1,706 1,691 2,102
73.10 Total new obligations 1,011 1,601 9
73.20 Total outlays (gross) -1,011 -1,190 -1,210
73.40 Adjustments in expired accounts (net) -15



74.40 Obligated balance, end of year 1,691 2,102 901

Outlays (gross), detail:
86.90 Outlays from new discretionary authority 48 70
86.93 Outlays from discretionary balances 963 1,120 1,210



87.00 Total outlays (gross) 1,011 1,190 1,210

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.40 Offsetting collections (cash) from: Non-Federal sources -14 -13 -9

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority 1,196 1,389
90.00 Outlays 997 1,177 1,201

Summary of Budget Authority and Outlays (in millions of dollars)


2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Enacted/requested:
Budget Authority 1,196 1,389
Outlays 997 1,177 1,201
Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO:
Budget Authority 6,330
Outlays 317
Total:
Budget Authority 1,196 1,389 6,330
Outlays 997 1,177 1,518

The Administration is proposing legislation reauthorizing the Elementary and Secondary Education Act, including programs in this account. Consistent with this reauthorization proposal, the Budget proposes to rename this account Innovation and Instructional Teams and realign programs in ESEA accounts. When new authorizing legislation is enacted, resources will be requested for these programs. See the "Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO" schedule for additional details.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91-0204-0-1-501 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Direct obligations:
11.1 Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent 1
25.1 Advisory and assistance services 3 48
25.2 Other services 53 31
25.5 Research and development contracts 3
41.0 Grants, subsidies, and contributions 937 1,508



99.0 Direct obligations 996 1,588
99.0 Reimbursable obligations 14 13 9
99.5 Below reporting threshold 1



99.9 Total new obligations 1,011 1,601 9

Employment Summary


Identification code 91-0204-0-1-501 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Direct:
1001 Civilian full-time equivalent employment 7

Innovation and Instructional Teams

(Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91-0204-2-1-501 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Obligations by program activity:
00.01 Race to the top 1,350
00.02 Investing in innovation 500
00.03 Effective teachers and leaders State grants 2,500
00.04 Teacher and leader innovation fund 950
00.05 Teacher and leader pathways 405
00.06 Expanding educational options 490
00.07 Magnet schools assistance 110
00.08 FIE programs of national significance 25



10.00 Total new obligations 6,330

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
22.00 New budget authority (gross) 6,330
23.95 Total new obligations -6,330



24.40 Unobligated balance carried forward, end of year

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Discretionary:
40.00 Appropriation 6,330

Change in obligated balances:
73.10 Total new obligations 6,330
73.20 Total outlays (gross) -317



74.40 Obligated balance, end of year 6,013

Outlays (gross), detail:
86.90 Outlays from new discretionary authority 317

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority 6,330
90.00 Outlays 317

The resources in this schedule are proposed for later transmittal under proposed legislation to reauthorize the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965.

Race to the top.—Funds would support grants to State educational agencies (SEAs) and local educational agencies (LEAs) to create incentives for State and local reforms and innovations designed to lead to significant improvements in student achievement, high school graduation rates, and college enrollment rates, and to significant reductions in achievement gaps. In addition, funds would encourage the broad identification, dissemination, adoption, and use of effective policies and practices and the cessation of ineffective ones.

Investing in innovation.—Funds would support grants to LEAs or to nonprofit organizations in consortium with one or more schools or LEAs to develop and expand innovative strategies and practices that have been shown to be effective in improving educational outcomes for students.
Excellent Instructional Teams:

Effective teachers and leaders State grants.—Funds would support formula grants to States and school districts to promote and enhance the teaching profession; recruit, prepare, support, and retain effective teachers, principals, and other school leaders, especially in high-need LEAs, schools, fields, and subjects; ensure the equitable distribution of qualified and effective teachers and effective principals; increase the effectiveness of teachers and principals; improve the preparation of teachers and principals through developing, supporting, and expanding effective pathways to the education profession; improve instruction and help ensure teachers have the knowledge, skills, data, and support needed to be effective in the classroom; and improve the management of human capital in SEAs and LEAs.

Teacher and leader innovation fund.—Funds would support competitive grants to States and school districts to improve the effectiveness of the education workforce in high-need schools by creating the conditions to identify, recruit, prepare, retain, and advance effective teachers, principals, and school leadership teams in those schools.

Teacher and leader pathways.—Funds would support competitive grants to: (1) school districts, to create and expand pathways into teaching and increase the number of effective teachers serving in high-need and low-performing schools and high-need fields and subjects; and (2) States and school districts, to recruit, prepare, and retain effective principals and school leadership teams with the skills to turn around low-performing schools.

Expanding educational options.—Funds would support competitive grants to SEAs, local educational agencies, charter school authorizers, charter management organizations, and other nonprofit organizations to start or expand high-performing autonomous schools, including charter schools . A portion of the funds would also support competitive grants to LEAs, and to SEAs in partnership with one or more high-need LEAs, to develop and implement a comprehensive choice program that increases the range of high-quality educational options available to students and improves the academic achievement of students attending low-performing schools.

Magnet schools assistance.—Funds support competitive grants to LEAs to establish and operate magnet school programs that are part of an approved desegregation plan.

Fund for the improvement of education: programs of national significance.—Funds would support nationally significant projects to improve the quality of elementary and secondary education, including a data quality initiative designed to improve the quality, analysis, and reporting of Department of Education elementary and secondary education data.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91-0204-2-1-501 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Direct obligations:
25.1 Advisory and assistance services 116
25.2 Other services 26
41.0 Grants, subsidies, and contributions 6,188



99.9 Total new obligations 6,330

Office of Safe and Drug-Free Schools

Federal Funds

[Safe Schools and Citizenship Education] Supporting Student Success

[For carrying out activities authorized by subpart 3 of part C of title II, part A of title IV, and subparts 2, 3 and 10 of part D of title V of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965, $393,053,000: Provided, That $224,053,000 shall be available for subpart 2 of part A of title IV, of which $8,212,000 shall be used for activities authorized under subpart 3 of part D of title V: Provided further, That $134,000,000 shall be available to carry out part D of title V: Provided further, That of the funds available to carry out subpart 3 of part C of title II, up to $13,383,000 may be used to carry out section 2345 and $2,957,000 shall be used by the Center for Civic Education to implement a comprehensive program to improve public knowledge, understanding, and support of the Congress and the State legislatures.] (Department of Education Appropriations Act, 2010.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91-0203-0-1-501 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Obligations by program activity:
00.01 State grants 288 4
00.02 National activities 145 197
00.03 Alcohol abuse reduction 33 33
00.04 Mentoring program 47



00.91 Subtotal, Safe and drug-free schools and communities 513 234
01.01 Character education 12
02.01 Elementary and secondary school counseling 52 55
03.01 Physical education program 78 79
04.01 Civic education 33 35



06.00 Total direct program 688 403
09.00 Reimbursable program 73 73



10.00 Total new obligations 761 476

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
21.40 Unobligated balance carried forward, start of year 8 10
22.00 New budget authority (gross) 763 466



23.90 Total budgetary resources available for obligation 771 476
23.95 Total new obligations -761 -476



24.40 Unobligated balance carried forward, end of year 10

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Discretionary:
40.00 Appropriation 690 393
58.00 Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) 73 73



70.00 Total new budget authority (gross) 763 466

Change in obligated balances:
72.40 Obligated balance, start of year 1,169 1,100 828
73.10 Total new obligations 761 476
73.20 Total outlays (gross) -800 -748 -566
73.40 Adjustments in expired accounts (net) -30



74.40 Obligated balance, end of year 1,100 828 262

Outlays (gross), detail:
86.90 Outlays from new discretionary authority 31 9
86.93 Outlays from discretionary balances 769 739 566



87.00 Total outlays (gross) 800 748 566

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.00 Offsetting collections (cash) from: Federal sources -73 -73

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority 690 393
90.00 Outlays 727 675 566

Summary of Budget Authority and Outlays (in millions of dollars)


2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Enacted/requested:
Budget Authority 690 393
Outlays 727 675 566
Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO:
Budget Authority 1,786
Outlays 36
Total:
Budget Authority 690 393 1,786
Outlays 727 675 602

The Administration is proposing legislation reauthorizing the Elementary and Secondary Education Act, including programs in this account. Consistent with this reauthorization proposal, the Budget proposes to rename this account Supporting Student Success and realign programs in ESEA accounts. When new authorizing legislation is enacted, resources will be requested for these programs. See the "Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO" schedule for additional details.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91-0203-0-1-501 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Direct obligations:
25.1 Advisory and assistance services 2 2
25.2 Other services 10 10
25.3 Other purchases of goods and services from Government accounts 1 1
25.5 Research and development contracts 1 1
41.0 Grants, subsidies, and contributions 674 389



99.0 Direct obligations 688 403
99.0 Reimbursable obligations 73 73



99.9 Total new obligations 761 476

Supporting Student Success

(Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91-0203-2-1-501 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Obligations by program activity:
00.01 Promise neighborhoods 210
00.02 Successful, safe, and healthy students 410
00.03 21st century community learning centers 1,166



06.00 Total direct program 1,786



10.00 Total new obligations 1,786

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
22.00 New budget authority (gross) 1,786
23.95 Total new obligations -1,786

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Discretionary:
40.00 Appropriation 1,786

Change in obligated balances:
73.10 Total new obligations 1,786
73.20 Total outlays (gross) -36



74.40 Obligated balance, end of year 1,750

Outlays (gross), detail:
86.90 Outlays from new discretionary authority 36

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority 1,786
90.00 Outlays 36

The resources in this schedule are proposed for later transmittal under proposed legislation to reauthorize the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965.

Promise neighborhoods.—Funds would support competitive grants and other activities for projects designed to significantly improve the educational and developmental outcomes of children within the Nation's most distressed communities, with the goal of transforming those communities so that all children in the community have access to a cradle-through-college-and-career continuum of academic programs and community supports, including effective schools and services.

Successful, safe, and healthy students.—Funds would support competitive grants and other activities to assist States, local educational agencies (LEAs), and partnerships between LEAs and non-profit organizations or local government entities in improving school climate; reducing or preventing drug use, violence, or harassment; and promoting and supporting the physical and mental well-being of students so that schools are safe, healthy, and drug-free environments.

21st century community learning centers.—Funds would support competitive grants and other activities to assist States, local educational agencies (LEAs), and partnerships between LEAs and non-profit organizations or local governmental entities in operating 21st Century Community Learning Centers. These centers would serve students through activities that improve their academic achievement by providing additional time for students to engage in learning and providing access to comprehensive supports that promote academic achievement as well as mental and physical health.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91-0203-2-1-501 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Direct obligations:
25.2 Other services 39
41.0 Grants, subsidies, and contributions 1,747



99.9 Total new obligations 1,786

Office of English Language Acquisition

Federal Funds

[English Language Acquisition] English Learner Education

[For carrying out part A of title III of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965, $750,000,000, which shall become available on July 1, 2010, and shall remain available through September 30, 2011, except that 6.5 percent of such amount shall be available on October 1, 2009, and shall remain available through September 30, 2011, to carry out activities under section 3111(c)(1)(C): Provided, That the Secretary of Education shall use estimates of the American Community Survey child counts for the most recent 3-year period available to calculate allocations under such part.] (Department of Education Appropriations Act, 2010.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91-1300-0-1-501 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Obligations by program activity:
00.01 English language acquisition grants 720 766



10.00 Total new obligations 720 766

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
21.40 Unobligated balance carried forward, start of year 6 16
22.00 New budget authority (gross) 730 750



23.90 Total budgetary resources available for obligation 736 766
23.95 Total new obligations -720 -766



24.40 Unobligated balance carried forward, end of year 16

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Discretionary:
40.00 Appropriation 730 750

Change in obligated balances:
72.40 Obligated balance, start of year 1,014 1,021 1,033
73.10 Total new obligations 720 766
73.20 Total outlays (gross) -710 -754 -735
73.40 Adjustments in expired accounts (net) -3



74.40 Obligated balance, end of year 1,021 1,033 298

Outlays (gross), detail:
86.90 Outlays from new discretionary authority 5 8
86.93 Outlays from discretionary balances 705 746 735



87.00 Total outlays (gross) 710 754 735

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority 730 750
90.00 Outlays 710 754 735

Summary of Budget Authority and Outlays (in millions of dollars)


2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Enacted/requested:
Budget Authority 730 750
Outlays 710 754 735
Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO:
Budget Authority 800
Outlays 8
Total:
Budget Authority 730 750 800
Outlays 710 754 743

The Administration is proposing legislation reauthorizing the Elementary and Secondary Education Act, including programs in this account. Consistent with this reauthorization proposal, the Budget proposes to rename this account English Learner Education and realign programs in ESEA accounts. When new authorizing legislation is enacted, resources will be requested for these programs. See the "Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO" schedule for additional details.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91-1300-0-1-501 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Direct obligations:
25.5 Research and development contracts 2 3
41.0 Grants, subsidies, and contributions 718 763



99.9 Total new obligations 720 766

English Learner Education

(Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91-1300-2-1-501 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Obligations by program activity:
00.01 English language acquisition grants 800



10.00 Total new obligations 800

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
22.00 New budget authority (gross) 800
23.95 Total new obligations -800



24.40 Unobligated balance carried forward, end of year

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Discretionary:
40.00 Appropriation 800

Change in obligated balances:
73.10 Total new obligations 800
73.20 Total outlays (gross) -8



74.40 Obligated balance, end of year 792

Outlays (gross), detail:
86.90 Outlays from new discretionary authority 8

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority 800
90.00 Outlays 8

The resources in this schedule are proposed for later transmittal under proposed legislation to reauthorize the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965.

Language acquisition State grants.—This program provides formula grants to States to improve services for English language learners. States are accountable for demonstrating that English language learners are making progress toward proficiency in English and meeting the same high State academic standards as all other students. The statute also authorizes national activities, including professional development, evaluation, and a national information clearinghouse on English language acquisition.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91-1300-2-1-501 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Direct obligations:
25.5 Research and development contracts 2
41.0 Grants, subsidies, and contributions 798



99.9 Total new obligations 800

Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services

Federal Funds

Special Education

For carrying out the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act ("IDEA'') and the Special Olympics Sport and Empowerment Act of 2004, [$12,587,035,000] $12,836,190,000, of which [$3,726,354,000] $3,135,634,000 shall become available on July 1, [2010] 2011, and shall remain available through September 30, [2011] 2012, and of which [$8,592,383,000] $9,433,103,000 shall become available on October 1, [2010] 2011, and shall remain available through September 30, [2011] 2012, for academic year [2010-2011: Provided, That $13,250,000 shall be for Recording for the Blind and Dyslexic, Inc., to support the development, production, and circulation of accessible educational materials: Provided further, That $737,000 shall be for the recipient of funds provided by Public Law 105-78 under section 687(b)(2)(G) of the IDEA (as in effect prior to the enactment of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act of 2004) to provide information on diagnosis, intervention, and teaching strategies for children with disabilities] 2011-2012: Provided [further], That the amount for section 611(b)(2) of the IDEA shall be equal to the lesser of the amount available for that activity during fiscal year [2009] 2010, increased by the amount of inflation as specified in section 619(d)(2)(B) of the IDEA, or the percent change in the funds appropriated under section 611(i) of the IDEA, but not less than the amount for that activity during fiscal year [2009: Provided further, That the part B and C funds awarded to States under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 for fiscal year 2009 shall not be considered for the purposes of calculating State allocations under sections 611, 619, and 643 for fiscal year 2010 and succeeding years] 2010: Provided further, That funds made available for the Special Olympics Sport and Empowerment Act of 2004 may be used to support expenses associated with the Special Olympics National and World games. (Department of Education Appropriations Act, 2010.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91-0300-0-1-501 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Obligations by program activity:
00.01 Grants to States 21,068 11,518 10,914
00.02 Preschool grants 774 374 374
00.03 Grants for infants and families 939 440 440



00.91 Subtotal, State grants 22,781 12,332 11,728
01.01 State personnel development 48 48 48
01.02 Technical assistance and dissemination 48 49 49
01.03 Personnel preparation 91 91 91
01.04 Parent information centers 27 28 28
01.05 Technology and media services 39 44 41



01.91 Subtotal, National activities 253 260 257



02.00 Total Direct Program 23,034 12,592 11,985
02.01 Special Olympics education programs 8 8 10



10.00 Total new obligations 23,042 12,600 11,995

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
21.40 Unobligated balance carried forward, start of year 12 13
22.00 New budget authority (gross) 23,043 12,587 11,995



23.90 Total budgetary resources available for obligation 23,055 12,600 11,995
23.95 Total new obligations -23,042 -12,600 -11,995



24.40 Unobligated balance carried forward, end of year 13

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Discretionary:
40.00 Appropriation 16,187 3,995 3,403
55.00 Advance appropriation 6,856 8,592 8,592



70.00 Total new budget authority (gross) 23,043 12,587 11,995

Change in obligated balances:
72.40 Obligated balance, start of year 7,636 17,889 13,675
73.10 Total new obligations 23,042 12,600 11,995
73.20 Total outlays (gross) -12,769 -16,814 -17,938
73.40 Adjustments in expired accounts (net) -20



74.40 Obligated balance, end of year 17,889 13,675 7,732

Outlays (gross), detail:
86.90 Outlays from new discretionary authority 5,780 7,080 7,087
86.93 Outlays from discretionary balances 6,989 9,734 10,851



87.00 Total outlays (gross) 12,769 16,814 17,938

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority 23,043 12,587 11,995
90.00 Outlays 12,769 16,814 17,938

Summary of Budget Authority and Outlays (in millions of dollars)


2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Enacted/requested:
Budget Authority 23,043 12,587 11,995
Outlays 12,769 16,814 17,938
Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO:
Budget Authority 10
Outlays
Total:
Budget Authority 23,043 12,587 12,005
Outlays 12,769 16,814 17,938

SUMMARY OF GRANTS TO STATES PROGRAM LEVEL [in millions of dollars]


2009-2010 Academic Year 2010-2011 Academic Year 2011-2012 Academic Year

Current Budget Authority $2,913 $2,913 $2,322

Advance appropriation 8,592 8,592 9,433




Total program level 11,505 11,505 11,755



Change in advance appropriation from the previous year +1,736 0 +8411

1To account for the Administration's ESEA reauthorization proposal, the 2011 Budget eliminates the $1.7 billion advance appropriation that was previously in the School Improvement Programs account (renamed the Education Improvement Programs account) and replaces it with corresponding increases to advance appropriations in the Education for the Disadvantaged ($841 million, renamed the Accelerating Achievement and Ensuring Equity account) and Special Education ($841 million) accounts. Total advance appropriations in the Department of Education remain the same at $21.9 billion.

State Grants:

Grants to States.—Formula grants are provided to States to assist them in providing special education and related services to children with disabilities ages 3 through 21.

Preschool grants.—Formula grants provide additional funds to States to further assist them in providing special education and related services to children with disabilities ages three through five served under the Grants to States program.
The goal of both of these programs is to improve results for children with disabilities by assisting State and local educational agencies to provide children with disabilities with access to high quality education that will help them meet challenging standards and prepare them for employment and independent living.

Grants for infants and families.—Formula grants are provided to assist States to implement statewide systems of coordinated, comprehensive, multi-disciplinary interagency programs to provide early intervention services to children with disabilities, birth through age two, and their families.
The goal of this program is to help States provide a comprehensive system of early intervention services that will enhance child and family outcomes.

National activities.—These activities include personnel preparation, technical assistance, and other activities to support State efforts to improve results for children with disabilities under the State Grants programs.
The goal of National Activities is to link States, school systems, and families to best practices to improve results for infants, toddlers, and children with disabilities.
Performance data related to program goals include:


2004-2005 actual 2005-2006 actual 2006-2007 actual


Status of Exiting Students

Percent / number of students with disabilities aged 14-21 exiting special education:
Graduated with a diploma 32.13% / 214,986 32.9% / 224,553 32.8% / 221,460
Graduated through certification 9.0% / 60,123 9.0% / 61,676 9.6% / 65,133
Transferred to regular education 10.1% / 67,707 10.5% / 71,473 9.9% / 66,926
Dropped out of school/not known to continue 16.6% / 111,343 15.3% / 104,414 14.9% / 100,913
Moved, but known to have continued in education 31.1% / 207,797 31.0% / 211,162 31.6% / 213,688

Reached maximum age for services/other 1.1% / 7,127 1.2% / 8,389 1.5% / 7,955



Total 100% / 669,083 100% / 681,667 100% / 676,075

Note-Percentages may not add to 100% due to rounding.Note-Previous versions of this table did not contain the categories "Transferred to regular education" and "Moved, but known to have continued in education." The Department of Education recently revised its data collection forms to include these additional items, which track additional students with disabilities ages 14 and older who leave special education, and are mutually exclusive with other categories included in this table. Because this is the case, the percentages reported in this table are not comparable with percentages reported in the same table in previous years. Note-Exiting data on students with disabilities for the 2007-2008 school year were originally expected to be ready by fall of 2009. However, several States failed to submit exit data and the Department of Education is currently working to obtain accurate and reliable data for all States.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91-0300-0-1-501 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Direct obligations:
25.2 Other services 4 5 5
41.0 Grants, subsidies, and contributions 23,038 12,595 11,990



99.9 Total new obligations 23,042 12,600 11,995

Special Education

(Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91-0300-2-1-501 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Obligations by program activity:
03.01 Mentoring for individuals with intellectual disabilities 10



10.00 Total new obligations (object class 41.0) 10

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
22.00 New budget authority (gross) 10
23.95 Total new obligations -10



24.40 Unobligated balance carried forward, end of year

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Discretionary:
40.00 Appropriation 10

Change in obligated balances:
73.10 Total new obligations 10



74.40 Obligated balance, end of year 10

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority 10
90.00 Outlays

The resources in this schedule are proposed for later transmittal under pending legislation for the Best Buddies Empowerment for People with Intellectual Disabilities Act of 2009.

The proposed Mentoring for Individuals with Intellectual Disabilities program would support Best Buddies mentoring activities and programs for people with intellectual disabilities. Best Buddies is an international nonprofit 501(c)(3) organization that is dedicated to enhancing opportunities for children and adults with intellectual disabilities through one-to-one friendships, integrated employment, and leadership development activities.

Rehabilitation Services and Disability Research

For carrying out, to the extent not otherwise provided, the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, the Assistive Technology Act of 1998, and the Helen Keller National Center Act, [$3,506,861,000: Provided, That for purposes of determining whether a State may administer the Centers for Independent Living program under section 723 of the Rehabilitation Act, for fiscal year 2010, the Secretary shall exclude American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 funds awarded in fiscal year 2009 from the calculation of Federal funding allotted under section 721(c) and (d) of the Rehabilitation Act: Provided further, That $5,095,000 shall be used for the projects, and in the amounts, specified under the heading "Rehabilitation Services and Disability Research'' in the statement of the managers on the conference report accompanying this Act] $3,565,326,000: Provided, That the Secretary of Education may allocate to States, in accordance with a formula determined by the Secretary, up to $56,282,000 of the funds provided for the Vocational Rehabilitation State Grants program: Provided further, That section 302(g)(3) of the Rehabilitation Act shall not apply to funds provided under section 302 of such Act: Provided further, That of the amount provided for Grants for Independent Living under Part B of Title VII of the Rehabilitation Act, the Secretary of Education shall reserve no more than 1.46 percent for training and technical assistance activities: Provided further, That of the amount provided for Grants for Independent Living under part B of title VII of the Rehabilitation Act, no State or Outlying Area shall receive less than the combined amount it received under parts B and C of title VII of such Act for fiscal year 2010, provided that the State or Outlying Area matches, in cash or in kind, the equivalent of one dollar for each nine dollars in Federal funds it received for fiscal year 2010 under part B of title VII of such Act: Provided further, That each State or Outlying Area shall reserve 5 percent of its allocation for Grants for Independent Living to support the operation of a Statewide Independent Living Council, as authorized under section 705 of the Rehabilitation Act: Provided further, That each State or Outlying Area shall award no less than 90 percent of its allocation to centers for independent living that meet the standards and assurances in section 725 of the Rehabilitation Act: Provided further, That such allocation of funds among centers for independent living shall be based on an approved State Plan for Independent Living that is developed in accordance with section 704 of the Rehabilitation Act and makes independent living services available in all counties within the State or Outlying Area: Provided further, That, of the amounts provided under this heading, $30,000,000 shall be available under Title II of the Rehabilitation Act to the Secretary of Education in cooperation with the Secretary of Labor and, as appropriate, other heads of departments and agencies, to identify and validate innovative strategies for improving program delivery and outcomes for program beneficiaries. (Department of Education Appropriations Act, 2010.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91-0301-0-1-506 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Obligations by program activity:
00.01 Vocational rehabilitation State grants 3,513 3,087 3,143
00.02 Client assistance State grants 12 12 12
00.03 Supported employment State grants 29 29
00.04 Migrant and seasonal farmworkers 2 2
00.05 Projects with industry 19 19
00.06 Training 38 38 33
00.07 National activities to improve rehabilitation services 6
00.08 Demonstration and training programs 10 12
00.09 Program improvement 1 1
00.10 Evaluation 1 1
00.11 Supported employment extended services for youth with significant disabilities 25
00.12 Independent living 187 227 144
00.13 Protection and advocacy of individual rights 17 18 18
00.14 Recreational programs 2 2 2
00.15 National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research 108 109 112
00.16 Workforce innovation fund 30
00.17 Helen Keller National Center 8 9 9
00.18 Assistive technology 31 31 31



01.00 Total direct program 3,978 3,597 3,565
09.01 Reimbursable program 2 2 2



10.00 Total new obligations 3,980 3,599 3,567

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
21.40 Unobligated balance carried forward, start of year 90
22.00 New budget authority (gross) 4,070 3,509 3,567



23.90 Total budgetary resources available for obligation 4,070 3,599 3,567
23.95 Total new obligations -3,980 -3,599 -3,567



24.40 Unobligated balance carried forward, end of year 90

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Discretionary:
40.00 Appropriation 1,093 422 480
58.00 Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) 2 2 2
Mandatory:
60.00 Appropriation 2,975 3,085 3,085



70.00 Total new budget authority (gross) 4,070 3,509 3,567

Change in obligated balances:
72.40 Obligated balance, start of year 1,452 2,239 1,834
73.10 Total new obligations 3,980 3,599 3,567
73.20 Total outlays (gross) -3,188 -4,004 -3,831
73.40 Adjustments in expired accounts (net) -5



74.40 Obligated balance, end of year 2,239 1,834 1,570

Outlays (gross), detail:
86.90 Outlays from new discretionary authority 101 267 303
86.93 Outlays from discretionary balances 321 751 448
86.97 Outlays from new mandatory authority 1,864 1,943 1,943
86.98 Outlays from mandatory balances 902 1,043 1,137



87.00 Total outlays (gross) 3,188 4,004 3,831

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.00 Offsetting collections (cash) from: Federal sources -2 -2 -2

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority 4,068 3,507 3,565
90.00 Outlays 3,186 4,002 3,829

Vocational Rehabilitation State grants.—The basic State grants program provides Federal matching funds to State vocational rehabilitation (VR) agencies to assist individuals with physical or mental impairments to become gainfully employed. Services are tailored to the specific needs of the individual. Priority is given to serving those with the most significant disabilities. Current law requires that between 1.0 percent and 1.5 percent of the funds appropriated for the VR State grants program be set aside for Grants for Indians.
The program performance measures for this program are based on State VR agency performance indicators developed pursuant to Section 106 of the Rehabilitation Act. One of these indicators measures the percentage of general and combined State VR agencies that assist at least 55.8 percent of individuals receiving services to achieve an employment outcome. In 2008, 79 percent of the agencies met this performance criterion. Another indicator measures the percentage of general and combined State VR agencies that assist at least 85 percent of individuals with employment outcomes to achieve competitive employment. In 2008, 96 percent of general and combined agencies met this performance criterion. These outcome data are based on the approximately 353,880 individuals whose service records were closed in 2008 after receiving services.
The request for the VR State Grants program reflects the Administration's proposal to consolidate the funds of the smaller VR-related programs and eliminate their separate funding authorities under the Rehabilitation Act in order to reduce duplication of effort and administrative costs, streamline program administration at the Federal and local level, and improve accountability. An additional $56.282 million would be made available to the VR State Grants program from the consolidation of employment-related programs.

Client assistance State grants.—Formula grants are made to States to provide assistance in informing and advising clients and applicants about benefits available under the Rehabilitation Act and, if requested, to pursue legal or administrative remedies to ensure the protection of the rights of individuals with disabilities.

Training.—Grants are made to States and public or nonprofit agencies and organizations, including institutions of higher education, to increase the number of skilled personnel available for employment in the field of rehabilitation and to upgrade the skills of those already employed.

National activities to improve rehabilitation services.—Funds would be used to support technical assistance and short-term projects designed to improve program performance and the delivery of vocational rehabilitation and independent living services under the Rehabilitation Act.

Supported employment extended services for youth with significant disabilities.—Grants would be awarded on a competitive basis to assist States in expanding supported employment opportunities for youth with significant disabilities as they transition from school to the workforce. Funds would be used to expand the provision of extended services that support and maintain such individuals in supported employment after receiving services provided by the VR State Grants program.

Independent living.—Grants would be awarded to States and nonprofit agencies to support a network of independent living centers that assist individuals with significant disabilities in their achievement of self-determined independent living goals. In addition, grants would provide support services to older blind individuals to increase their ability to care for their own needs.

Protection and advocacy of individual rights.—Formula grants are made to State protection and advocacy systems to protect the legal and human rights of individuals with disabilities.

Recreational programs.—Grants are made to provide individuals with disabilities with recreational and related activities to aid in their employment, mobility, independence, socialization, and community integration.

National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research.—The Institute carries out a comprehensive and coordinated program of rehabilitation research and related activities. Through grants and contracts, it supports the conduct and dissemination of research and development aimed at improving the lives of individuals with disabilities. The Institute also promotes the development and utilization of new technologies to assist these individuals in achieving greater independence and integration into society. Funds would also be used to conduct rigorous evaluations of programs and activities authorized under the Rehabilitation Act.

Workforce innovation fund.—Funds would be used to test and validate more effective approaches to achieving positive employment outcomes for program participants, particularly the most vulnerable populations. The Secretaries of Education and Labor (and other agency heads as appropriate) will partner to break down bureaucratic constraints and work together to build and share evidence of what works.

Helen Keller National Center for Deaf-Blind Youths and Adults.—The Center provides services to deaf-blind youths and adults and provides training and technical assistance to professional and allied personnel at its national headquarters center and through its regional representatives and affiliate agencies.

Assistive technology.—Assistive Technology (AT) programs support AT State grants to implement comprehensive Statewide programs designed to maximize the ability of individuals with disabilities of all ages to obtain assistive technology. States conduct activities that include alternative financing programs, device reutilization programs, device loan programs, and device demonstrations. Formula grants are also provided under the AT Protection and Advocacy program to systems established under the Developmental Disabilities Assistance and Bill of Rights Act for protection and advocacy services to assist individuals with disabilities of all ages. Funds also support national technical assistance activities for these formula grant programs.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91-0301-0-1-506 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Direct obligations:
25.1 Advisory and assistance services 9 9 19
25.3 Other purchases of goods and services from Government accounts 1 1 1
41.0 Grants, subsidies, and contributions 3,968 3,587 3,545



99.0 Direct obligations 3,978 3,597 3,565
99.0 Reimbursable obligations 2 2 2



99.9 Total new obligations 3,980 3,599 3,567

Special Institutions for Persons With Disabilities

american printing house for the blind

For carrying out the Act of March 3, 1879, $24,600,000. (Department of Education Appropriations Act, 2010.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91-0600-0-1-501 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Obligations by program activity:
00.01 American printing house for the blind 23 25 25



10.00 Total new obligations (object class 41.0) 23 25 25

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
22.00 New budget authority (gross) 23 25 25
23.95 Total new obligations -23 -25 -25

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Discretionary:
40.00 Appropriation 23 25 25

Change in obligated balances:
72.40 Obligated balance, start of year 5 7 1
73.10 Total new obligations 23 25 25
73.20 Total outlays (gross) -21 -31 -26



74.40 Obligated balance, end of year 7 1

Outlays (gross), detail:
86.90 Outlays from new discretionary authority 16 24 24
86.93 Outlays from discretionary balances 5 7 2



87.00 Total outlays (gross) 21 31 26

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority 23 25 25
90.00 Outlays 21 31 26

The Federal appropriation supports: the production and distribution of free educational materials for students below the college level who are blind, research related to developing and improving products, and advisory services to consumer organizations on the availability and use of materials. In 2009, the portion of the Federal appropriation allocated to educational materials represented approximately 67 percent of the Printing House's total sales. The full appropriation represented approximately 82 percent of the Printing House's total budget.

national technical institute for the deaf

For the National Technical Institute for the Deaf under titles I and II of the Education of the Deaf Act of 1986, [$68,437,000] $64,677,000, of which [$5,400,000] $1,640,000 shall be for construction and shall remain available until expended: Provided, That from the total amount available, the Institute may at its discretion use funds for the endowment program as authorized under section 207 of such Act. (Department of Education Appropriations Act, 2010.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91-0601-0-1-502 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Obligations by program activity:
00.01 Operations 63 63 63
00.02 Construction 1 5 2



10.00 Total new obligations (object class 41.0) 64 68 65

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
22.00 New budget authority (gross) 64 68 65
23.95 Total new obligations -64 -68 -65

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Discretionary:
40.00 Appropriation 64 68 65

Change in obligated balances:
72.40 Obligated balance, start of year 2 2 9
73.10 Total new obligations 64 68 65
73.20 Total outlays (gross) -64 -61 -65



74.40 Obligated balance, end of year 2 9 9

Outlays (gross), detail:
86.90 Outlays from new discretionary authority 63 60 59
86.93 Outlays from discretionary balances 1 1 6



87.00 Total outlays (gross) 64 61 65

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority 64 68 65
90.00 Outlays 64 61 65

This residential program provides postsecondary technical and professional education for people who are deaf to prepare them for employment, provides training, and conducts applied research into employment-related aspects of deafness. In 2010, the Federal appropriation represented approximately 75 percent of the Institute's operating budget. The 2011 request includes funds for a heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) project. The request includes funds that may be used for the Endowment Grant program.

gallaudet university

For the Kendall Demonstration Elementary School, the Model Secondary School for the Deaf, and the partial support of Gallaudet University under titles I and II of the Education of the Deaf Act of 1986, [$123,000,000, of which $5,000,000 shall be for construction and shall remain available until expended] $118,000,000: Provided, That from the total amount available, the University may at its discretion use funds for the endowment program as authorized under section 207 of such Act. (Department of Education Appropriations Act, 2010.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91-0602-0-1-502 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Obligations by program activity:
00.01 Operations 118 118 118
00.02 Construction 6 5



10.00 Total new obligations (object class 41.0) 124 123 118

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
22.00 New budget authority (gross) 124 123 118
23.95 Total new obligations -124 -123 -118

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Discretionary:
40.00 Appropriation 124 123 118

Change in obligated balances:
72.40 Obligated balance, start of year 6 15
73.10 Total new obligations 124 123 118
73.20 Total outlays (gross) -118 -114 -122



74.40 Obligated balance, end of year 6 15 11

Outlays (gross), detail:
86.90 Outlays from new discretionary authority 118 112 111
86.93 Outlays from discretionary balances 2 11



87.00 Total outlays (gross) 118 114 122

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority 124 123 118
90.00 Outlays 118 114 122

This institution provides undergraduate, continuing education, and graduate programs related to deafness for students who are deaf and hearing. The University also conducts basic and applied research and provides public service programs for persons who are deaf and persons who work with them.

Gallaudet operates the Laurent Clerc National Deaf Education Center, which includes two elementary and secondary education programs on the main campus of the University. The Kendall Demonstration Elementary School serves students who are deaf from infancy through age 15, and the Model Secondary School for the Deaf (MSSD) serves high school age students who are deaf. The Clerc Center also develops and disseminates information on effective educational techniques and strategies for teachers and professionals working with students who are deaf or hard of hearing.

In 2009, the appropriation for Gallaudet represented 65 percent of the total revenue for university-level programs and 99 percent of the revenue related to the elementary and secondary schools. In addition, the University receives other Federal funds such as student financial aid, vocational rehabilitation, Endowment Grant program income, and competitive grants and contracts. The request includes funds that may be used for the Endowment Grant program.

Office of Vocational and Adult Education

Federal Funds

Career, Technical, and Adult Education

For carrying out, to the extent not otherwise provided, the Carl D. Perkins Career and Technical Education Act of 2006, the Adult Education and Family Literacy Act ("AEFLA''), [subpart 4 of part D of title V of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 ("ESEA'')] and title VIII-D of the Higher Education Amendments of 1998, [$2,016,447,000, of which $4,400,000 shall become available on October 1, 2009, and remain available through September 30, 2011] $1,942,707,000, of which [$1,221,047,000] $1,151,707,000 shall become available on July 1, [2010] 2011, and shall remain available through September 30, [2011] 2012, and of which $791,000,000 shall become available on October 1, [2010] 2011, and shall remain available through September 30, [2011] 2012: Provided, That [in allocating AEFLA State grants, the Secretary of Education shall first distribute up to $45,907,000 to those States and outlying areas that, due to administrative error, were underpaid for fiscal years 2003 through 2008 in the amounts such States and outlying areas were underpaid: Provided further, That the Secretary shall not reduce the allocations for those years to the States and outlying areas that were overpaid through such error, or take other corrective action with respect to those overpayments: Provided further, That the additional funds provided to States and outlying areas to correct the administrative error shall not be considered in determining the "hold harmless'' amounts under section 211(f) of the AEFLA for fiscal year 2011 or subsequent fiscal years: Provided further, That] of the amount provided for Adult Education State Grants, $75,000,000 shall be made available for integrated English literacy and civics education services to immigrants and other limited English proficient populations: Provided further, That of the amount reserved for integrated English literacy and civics education, notwithstanding section 211 of the AEFLA, 65 percent shall be allocated to States based on a State's absolute need as determined by calculating each State's share of a 10-year average of the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services data for immigrants admitted for legal permanent residence for the 10 most recent years, and 35 percent allocated to States that experienced growth as measured by the average of the 3 most recent years for which United States Citizenship and Immigration Services data for immigrants admitted for legal permanent residence are available, except that no State shall be allocated an amount less than $60,000: Provided further, That of the amounts made available for AEFLA, [$11,346,000] $41,346,000 shall be for national leadership activities under section 243[: Provided further, That $88,000,000 shall be available to support the activities authorized under subpart 4 of part D of title V of the ESEA, of which up to 5 percent shall become available on October 1, 2009, and shall remain available through September 30, 2011, for evaluation, technical assistance, school networks, peer review of applications, and program outreach activities, and of which not less than 95 percent shall become available on July 1, 2010, and remain available through September 30, 2011, for grants to local educational agencies: Provided further, That funds made available to local educational agencies under this subpart shall be used only for activities related to establishing smaller learning communities within large high schools or small high schools that provide alternatives for students enrolled in large high schools: Provided further, That the Secretary of Education may use amounts available under this heading for the necessary costs of any closeout of the National Institute for Literacy], of which $30,000,000 shall be available to the Secretary of Education in cooperation with the Secretary of Labor and, as appropriate, other heads of departments and agencies, to identify and validate innovative strategies for improving program delivery and outcomes for program beneficiaries. (Department of Education Appropriations Act, 2010.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91-0400-0-1-501 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Obligations by program activity:
00.01 State grants 1,160 1,161 1,264
00.02 National programs 8 8 8
00.04 Tech prep education State grants 103 103



00.91 Total, Career and technical education 1,271 1,272 1,272
01.01 State grants 572 628 537
01.02 National leadership activities 7 7 41
01.03 National Institute for Literacy 6 6



01.91 Total, adult education 585 641 578
02.01 Smaller learning communities 54 88 75
03.01 State grants for workplace and community transition training of incarcerated individuals 9 26 17
09.01 Reimbursable program 1



10.00 Total new obligations 1,920 2,027 1,942

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
21.40 Unobligated balance carried forward, start of year 86 127 116
22.00 New budget authority (gross) 1,945 2,016 1,943
22.10 Resources available from recoveries of prior year obligations 16



23.90 Total budgetary resources available for obligation 2,047 2,143 2,059
23.95 Total new obligations -1,920 -2,027 -1,942



24.40 Unobligated balance carried forward, end of year 127 116 117

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Discretionary:
40.00 Appropriation 1,153 1,225 1,152
42.00 Transferred from other accounts 1



43.00 Appropriation (total discretionary) 1,154 1,225 1,152
55.00 Advance appropriation from prior year 791 791 791



70.00 Total new budget authority (gross) 1,945 2,016 1,943

Change in obligated balances:
72.40 Obligated balance, start of year 1,877 1,741 1,673
73.10 Total new obligations 1,920 2,027 1,942
73.20 Total outlays (gross) -2,034 -2,095 -1,974
73.40 Adjustments in expired accounts (net) -6
73.45 Recoveries of prior year obligations -16



74.40 Obligated balance, end of year 1,741 1,673 1,641

Outlays (gross), detail:
86.90 Outlays from new discretionary authority 607 655 649
86.93 Outlays from discretionary balances 1,427 1,440 1,325



87.00 Total outlays (gross) 2,034 2,095 1,974

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority 1,945 2,016 1,943
90.00 Outlays 2,034 2,095 1,974

SUMMARY OF PROGRAM LEVEL

(in millions of dollars)


2009-10 Academic Year 2010-11 Academic Year 2011-12 Academic Year

New Budget Authority $1,153 $1,225 $1,152

Advance Appropriation 791 791 791




Total program level 1,944 2,016 1,943



Change in advance appropriation over previous year 0 0 0

Career and Technical Education:

State grants.—Funds support formula grants to States for programs that focus on improving the academic achievement and career and technical skills of secondary and postsecondary students.

National programs.—Funds support discretionary activities to help improve career and technical education programs in high schools and community colleges, including a national research center on career and technical education, and evaluation activities.
Adult education:

State programs.—Funds support formula grants to States to help eliminate functional illiteracy among the Nation's adults, to assist adults in obtaining a high school diploma or its equivalent, and to promote family literacy. A portion of the funds is reserved for formula grants to States to provide English literacy and civics education for immigrants and other limited English proficient adults.

National leadership activities.—Funds support discretionary activities to evaluate the effectiveness of Federal, State, and local adult education programs, and to test and demonstrate methods of improving program quality. In addition, the Budget proposes that funds would be used to test and validate more effective approaches to achieving positive employment outcomes for program participants, particularly the most vulnerable populations. The Secretaries of Education and Labor (and other heads of departments and agencies, as appropriate) will partner to break down bureaucratic constraints and work together to build and share evidence of what works.

State grants for workplace and community transition training of incarcerated individuals.—Funds support formula grants to State correctional agencies that assist and encourage incarcerated individuals to acquire postsecondary education, counseling, and vocational training.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91-0400-0-1-501 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Direct obligations:
11.1 Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent 1
25.1 Advisory and assistance services 2 18 18
25.2 Other services 5 12 12
25.5 Research and development contracts 7 7 7
41.0 Grants, subsidies, and contributions 1,903 1,990 1,905



99.0 Direct obligations 1,918 2,027 1,942
99.5 Below reporting threshold 2



99.9 Total new obligations 1,920 2,027 1,942

Employment Summary


Identification code 91-0400-0-1-501 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Direct:
1001 Civilian full-time equivalent employment 12

Office of Postsecondary Education

Federal Funds

Higher Education

For carrying out, to the extent not otherwise provided, titles [II,] III, IV, V, VI, VII, and VIII of the Higher Education Act of 1965 ("HEA''), [section 1543 of the Higher Education Amendments of 1992,] the Mutual Educational and Cultural Exchange Act of 1961, [title VIII of the Higher Education Amendments of 1998, part I of subtitle A of title VI of the America COMPETES Act,] and section 117 of the Carl D. Perkins Career and Technical Education Act of 2006, [$2,255,665,000] $2,131,493,000: Provided, That $9,687,000, to remain available through September 30, [2011] 2012, shall be available to fund fellowships for academic year [2011-2012] 2012-2013 under subpart 1 of part A of title VII of the HEA, under the terms and conditions of such subpart 1: Provided further, That $609,000 shall be for data collection and evaluation activities for programs under the HEA, including such activities needed to comply with the Government Performance and Results Act of 1993: Provided further, That notwithstanding any other provision of law, funds made available in this Act to carry out title VI of the HEA and section 102(b)(6) of the Mutual Educational and Cultural Exchange Act of 1961 may be used to support visits and study in foreign countries by individuals who are participating in advanced foreign language training and international studies in areas that are vital to United States national security and who plan to apply their language skills and knowledge of these countries in the fields of government, the professions, or international development: Provided further, That of the funds referred to in the preceding proviso up to 1 percent may be used for program evaluation, national outreach, and information dissemination activities: Provided further, That notwithstanding any other provision of law, a recipient of a multi-year award under section 316 of the HEA, as that section was in effect prior to the date of enactment of the Higher Education Opportunity Act ("HEOA''), that would have otherwise received a continuation award for fiscal year [2010] 2011 under that section, shall receive under section 316, as amended by the HEOA, not less than the amount that such recipient would have received under such a continuation award: Provided further, That the portion of the funds received under section 316 by a recipient described in the preceding proviso that is equal to the amount of such continuation award shall be used in accordance with the terms of such continuation award: [Provided further, That $1,500,000, to remain available until expended, shall be available to carry out a scholarship program for the purpose of increasing the skilled workforce for industrial health and safety occupations, including mine safety: Provided further, That the Secretary of Education shall identify these scholarships as "Erma Byrd Scholarships'': Provided further, That such scholarships shall be awarded without regard to an applicant's prior work experience, but the Secretary shall, notwithstanding section 437 of the General Education Provisions Act and 5 U.S.C. 553, by notice in the Federal Register, establish the eligibility requirements, service obligations, payback requirements, and other program requirements similar to those specified in section 515 of the Federal Mine Safety and Health Act as are necessary to implement such a program: Provided further, That such scholarship funds may be used to replace a student's expected family contribution, but institutions accepting such scholarship funds may not use these funds to supplant existing institutional aid: Provided further, That the Secretary shall be authorized to accept contributions for such scholarships from private sources: Provided further, That these funds shall be used for scholarships for academic year 2010-2011 and may be available for scholarships in academic year 2011-2012: Provided further, That $101,507,000 shall be used for the projects, and in the amounts, specified under the heading "Higher Education'' in the statement of the managers on the conference report accompanying this Act: provided further, That $17,750,000 shall be used for the programs specified under the "Fund for the Improvement of Post Secondary Education'' in the statement of the managers in accordance with the specified sections] Provided further, That notwithstanding section 721(c) of the HEA, funds to carry out the Thurgood Marshall Legal Educational Opportunity program under section 721 shall be awarded competitively, and any recipient shall be authorized to award subcontracts and subgrants under section 721(f). (Department of Education Appropriations Act, 2010.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91-0201-0-1-502 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Obligations by program activity:
00.01 Strengthening institutions 80 84 88
00.02 Strengthening tribally controlled colleges and universities 53 30 32
00.03 Strengthening Alaska Native and Native Hawaiian-serving institutions 32 15 16
00.04 Strengthening historically Black colleges and universities 323 267 280
00.05 Strengthening historically Black graduate institutions 58 61 64
00.06 Masters degree programs for HBCUs and predominantly Black institutions 11 12 11
00.07 Strengthening predominantly Black institutions 18 11 11
00.08 Strengthening Asian American and Native American Pacific Islander-serving institutions 7 4 4
00.09 Strengthening Native American-serving nontribal institutions 5 4 4
00.10 Minority science and engineering improvement 9 9 9



00.91 Subtotal, aid for institutional development 596 497 519
Other aid for institutions:
01.01 Developing Hispanic-serving institutions 93 117 123
01.02 Developing Hispanic-serving institution STEM and articulation programs 100
01.03 Promoting baccalaureate opportunities for Hispanic Americans 12 22 22
01.04 International education and foreign language studies 119 126 126
01.05 Fund for the Improvement of Postsecondary Education 133 160 64
01.06 Demonstration projects to support postsecondary faculty, staff, and administrators in educating students with disabilities 7 7 7
01.07 Interest subsidy grants 1 2 1
01.08 Tribally controlled postsecondary vocational and technical institutions 8 8 8
01.09 Model transition programs for students with intellectual disabilities into higher education 11 11
01.10 Special programs for migrant students 37



01.91 Subtotal, other aid for institutions 473 453 399
Assistance for students:
02.01 Federal TRIO programs 905 910 910
02.02 Gaining early awareness and readiness for undergraduate programs (GEAR UP) 313 323 323
02.03 Byrd honors scholarships 41 42
02.04 Javits fellowships 9 10 10
02.05 Graduate assistance in areas of national need 31 31 31
02.06 Thurgood Marshall legal educational opportunity 3 3 3
02.07 B.J. Stupak Olympic scholarships 1 1
02.08 Child care access means parents in school 16 16 16



02.91 Subtotal, assistance for students 1,319 1,336 1,293
03.01 Teachers for a competitive tomorrow 2 2
03.02 Teacher quality partnerships 50 143
03.03 GPRA data/HEA program evaluation 1 1 1
03.04 Underground railroad program 2 2
03.05 College access challenge grants 66
03.06 Higher education disaster relief 15
03.07 Loan repayment for civil legal assistance attorneys 5



03.91 Subtotal, other higher education activities 136 153 1



10.00 Total new obligations 2,524 2,439 2,212

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
21.40 Unobligated balance carried forward, start of year 28 114 11
22.00 New budget authority (gross) 2,601 2,336 2,211
22.30 Expired unobligated balance transfer to unexpired account 9



23.90 Total budgetary resources available for obligation 2,638 2,450 2,222
23.95 Total new obligations -2,524 -2,439 -2,212



24.40 Unobligated balance carried forward, end of year 114 11 10

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Discretionary:
40.00 Appropriation 2,201 2,256 2,131
41.00 Transferred to other accounts -1



43.00 Appropriation (total discretionary) 2,200 2,256 2,131
Mandatory:
60.00 Appropriation 401 80 80



70.00 Total new budget authority (gross) 2,601 2,336 2,211

Change in obligated balances:
72.40 Obligated balance, start of year 3,056 3,301 3,185
73.10 Total new obligations 2,524 2,439 2,212
73.20 Total outlays (gross) -2,241 -2,555 -2,402
73.40 Adjustments in expired accounts (net) -38



74.40 Obligated balance, end of year 3,301 3,185 2,995

Outlays (gross), detail:
86.90 Outlays from new discretionary authority 54 68 64
86.93 Outlays from discretionary balances 1,987 2,083 2,154
86.97 Outlays from new mandatory authority 29 2 2
86.98 Outlays from mandatory balances 171 402 182



87.00 Total outlays (gross) 2,241 2,555 2,402

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority 2,601 2,336 2,211
90.00 Outlays 2,241 2,555 2,402

Aid for institutional development:

Strengthening institutions.—Funds support planning and development grants for improving academic programs and financial management at schools that enroll high proportions of disadvantaged students and have low per-student expenditures.

Strengthening tribally controlled colleges and universities.—Funds support grants to American Indian tribally controlled colleges and universities with scarce resources to enable them to improve and expand their capacity to serve Indian students.

Strengthening Alaska Native and Native Hawaiian-serving institutions.—Funds support Alaska Native and Native Hawaiian-serving institutions to enable them to improve and expand their capacity to serve Alaska Native and Native Hawaiian students.

Strengthening historically Black colleges and universities.—Funds support grants to help historically Black undergraduate institutions to improve and expand their capacity to serve students, and to strengthen management and fiscal operations.

Strengthening historically Black graduate institutions.—Funds support grants to help historically Black graduate institutions to improve and expand their capacity to serve students, and to strengthen management and fiscal operations.

Master's degree programs at historically Black colleges and universities and predominantly Black institutions.—Mandatory funds support Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs) and Predominantly Black Institutions (PBIs) to improve and expand their capacity to serve students, and to strengthen management and fiscal operations.

Strengthening predominantly Black institutions.—Funds support grants to predominantly Black institutions to plan, develop, undertake, and implement programs to enhance the institution's capacity to serve more low- and middle-income Black American students; to expand higher education opportunities for students; and to strengthen the institution's financial ability to serve the academic needs of students.

Strengthening Asian American and Native American Pacific Islander-serving institutions.—Funds support grants to help Asian American and Native American Pacific Islander-serving institutions improve and expand their capacity to serve students, and to strengthen management and fiscal operations.

Strengthening Native American-serving nontribal institutions.—Funds support grants to help Native American-serving nontribal institutions improve and expand their capacity to serve Native American students.

Minority science and engineering improvement.—Funds support grants to predominantly minority institutions to help them make long-range improvements in science and engineering education and to increase the participation of minorities in scientific and technological careers.
Aid for Hispanic-serving institutions:

Developing Hispanic-serving institutions.—Funds support Hispanic-serving institutions to help them improve and expand their capacity to serve students.

Promoting postbaccalaureate opportunities for Hispanic Americans.—Discretionary and mandatory funds support Hispanic-serving Institutions to help them expand and improve postbaccalaureate educational opportunities and the academic attainment of Hispanic students.
Other aid for institutions:

International education and foreign language studies programs.—Funds promote the development and improvement of domestic and overseas international and foreign language programs, and an Institute for International Public Policy.

Fund for the improvement of postsecondary education.—Funds support a broad range of postsecondary reform and improvement projects, as well as international consortia programs.

Demonstration projects to support postsecondary faculty, staff, and administrators in educating students with disabilities.—Funds support technical assistance and professional development activities for faculty and administrators in institutions of higher education in order to improve the quality of education for students with disabilities.

Model transition programs for students with intellectual disabilities into higher education.—Funds support grants to institutions of higher education to create or expand high quality, inclusive model comprehensive transition and postsecondary programs for students with intellectual disabilities.

Tribally controlled postsecondary vocational and technical institutions.—Funds support the operation and improvement of tribally controlled postsecondary vocational institutions, to ensure continued and expanded educational opportunities for Indian students.

Special programs for migrant students.—Funds support grants to institutions of higher education and nonprofit organizations that assist migrant students in earning a high school equivalency certificate or in completing their first year of college.

Interest subsidy grants.—Balances from prior year appropriations meet mandatory interest subsidy costs of construction loan commitments made prior to 1974.
Assistance for students:

Federal TRIO programs.—Discretionary funds support postsecondary education outreach and student support services to help individuals from disadvantaged backgrounds prepare for, enter, and complete college and graduate studies. Mandatory funds provide additional support for the TRIO Upward Bound program.

Gaining early awareness and readiness for undergraduate programs.—Funds support early college preparation and awareness activities at the State and local levels to ensure that low-income elementary and secondary school students are prepared for and pursue postsecondary education.

Javits fellowships.—Funds support fellowships to students of superior ability who have financial need and who are pursuing doctoral degrees in the arts, humanities, and social sciences.

Graduate assistance in areas of national need.—Funds support fellowships to graduate students of superior ability who have financial need for study in areas of national need.

Thurgood Marshall legal educational opportunity program.—Funds support grants to provide low-income, minority, or disadvantaged secondary school and college students with the information, preparation, and financial assistance needed to gain access to and complete law school study and admission to law practice.

Child care access means parents in school.—Funds support a program designed to bolster the participation of low-income parents in postsecondary education through the provision of campus-based child care services.
Other activities:

GPRA data/HEA program evaluation.—Funds support data collection and evaluation activities for programs under the Higher Education Act (HEA) of 1965, including such activities needed to comply with the Government Performance and Results Act (GPRA) of 1993.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91-0201-0-1-502 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Direct obligations:
25.1 Advisory and assistance services 2 4 4
25.2 Other services 6 9 9
25.3 Other purchases of goods and services from Government accounts 2 2
25.7 Operation and maintenance of equipment 1 1 1
41.0 Grants, subsidies, and contributions 2,515 2,423 2,196



99.9 Total new obligations 2,524 2,439 2,212

Howard University

For partial support of Howard University, $234,977,000, of which not less than $3,600,000 shall be for a matching endowment grant pursuant to the Howard University Endowment Act and shall remain available until expended. (Department of Education Appropriations Act, 2010.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91-0603-0-1-502 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Obligations by program activity:
00.01 General support 203 212 206
00.02 Howard University Hospital 29 29 29



10.00 Total new obligations (object class 41.0) 232 241 235

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
21.40 Unobligated balance carried forward, start of year 3 6
22.00 New budget authority (gross) 235 235 235



23.90 Total budgetary resources available for obligation 238 241 235
23.95 Total new obligations -232 -241 -235



24.40 Unobligated balance carried forward, end of year 6

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Discretionary:
40.00 Appropriation 235 235 235
41.00 Transferred to other accounts -3
42.00 Transferred from other accounts 3



43.00 Appropriation (total discretionary) 235 235 235

Change in obligated balances:
72.40 Obligated balance, start of year 4 1 14
73.10 Total new obligations 232 241 235
73.20 Total outlays (gross) -235 -228 -235



74.40 Obligated balance, end of year 1 14 14

Outlays (gross), detail:
86.90 Outlays from new discretionary authority 231 221 221
86.93 Outlays from discretionary balances 4 7 14



87.00 Total outlays (gross) 235 228 235

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority 235 235 235
90.00 Outlays 235 228 235

Howard University is a private, nonprofit educational institution consisting of 12 schools and colleges. Federal funds are used to provide partial support for university programs as well as for the teaching hospital facilities. In 2009, Federal funding represented approximately 50 percent of the university's revenue.

Mandatory Education Funding

(Legislative proposal, subject to PAYGO)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91-9911-4-1-500 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Obligations by program activity:
00.01 Support for HBCUs and Other MSIs 255 255
00.02 High School Graduation Promise Grants 400 400
00.03 Early Learning Challenge Fund 625 625
00.04 Access and Completion Fund 700 700
00.05 Community College Funding 50 2,500



10.00 Total new obligations (object class 41.0) 2,030 4,480

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
22.00 New budget authority (gross) 2,030 4,480
23.95 Total new obligations -2,030 -4,480

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Mandatory:
60.00 Appropriation 2,030 4,480

Change in obligated balances:
72.40 Obligated balance, start of year 1,846
73.10 Total new obligations 2,030 4,480
73.20 Total outlays (gross) -184 -1,906



74.40 Obligated balance, end of year 1,846 4,420

Outlays (gross), detail:
86.97 Outlays from new mandatory authority 184 707
86.98 Outlays from mandatory balances 1,199



87.00 Total outlays (gross) 184 1,906

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority 2,030 4,480
90.00 Outlays 184 1,906

The Budget supports legislation that has passed in the House of Representatives and is pending in the Senate that would reform student lending to eliminate tens of billions of dollars in wasteful subsidies to financial institutions, expand Pell Grants for needy students, and simplify the student aid system. This Budget also supports mandatory funding for priority education programs that are included in this legislation. This mandatory funding is reflected in this account, and includes a new American Graduation Initiative that will strengthen and support community colleges, focus on college completion, and graduate 5 million more students by 2020; an Early Learning Challenge Fund to help children enter school ready to succeed; and funding for other purposes.

College Housing and Academic Facilities Loans Program

For Federal administrative expenses to carry out activities related to existing facility loans pursuant to section 121 of the Higher Education Act of 1965, $461,000.

Historically Black College and University Capital Financing Program Account

For the cost of guaranteed loans, $20,228,000, as authorized pursuant to part D of title III of the Higher Education Act of 1965 ("HEA''): Provided, That such costs, including the cost of modifying such loans, shall be as defined in section 502 of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974: Provided further, That these funds are available to subsidize total loan principal, any part of which is to be guaranteed, not to exceed [$178,221,000] $279,393,000: Provided further, That these funds may be used to support loans to public and private historically Black colleges and universities without regard to the limitations within paragraphs (1) and (2) of section 344(a) of the HEA.

In addition, for administrative expenses to carry out the Historically Black College and University Capital Financing Program entered into pursuant to part D of title III of the HEA, $354,000. (Department of Education Appropriations Act, 2010.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91-0241-0-1-502 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Obligations by program activity:
00.01 Direct loan subsidy 10 20 20
00.05 Reestimates of direct loan subsidy 1 3
00.06 Interest on reestimates of direct loan subsidy 1
00.09 Federal administration 1 1 1



10.00 Total new obligations 13 24 21

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
22.00 New budget authority (gross) 13 24 21
23.95 Total new obligations -13 -24 -21

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Discretionary:
40.00 Appropriation 11 21 21
Mandatory:
60.00 Appropriation 2 3



70.00 Total new budget authority (gross) 13 24 21

Change in obligated balances:
72.40 Obligated balance, start of year 10 21
73.10 Total new obligations 13 24 21
73.20 Total outlays (gross) -3 -13 -11



74.40 Obligated balance, end of year 10 21 31

Outlays (gross), detail:
86.90 Outlays from new discretionary authority 1 5 5
86.93 Outlays from discretionary balances 5 6
86.97 Outlays from new mandatory authority 2 3



87.00 Total outlays (gross) 3 13 11

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority 13 24 21
90.00 Outlays 3 13 11

Summary of Loan Levels, Subsidy Budget Authority and Outlays by Program (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91-0241-0-1-502 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Direct loan levels supportable by subsidy budget authority:
115002 Historically Black Colleges and Universities 61 178 279



115999 Total direct loan levels 61 178 279
Direct loan subsidy (in percent):
132002 Historically Black Colleges and Universities 16.31 11.35 7.24



132999 Weighted average subsidy rate 16.31 11.35 7.24
Direct loan subsidy budget authority:
133002 Historically Black Colleges and Universities 10 20 20



133999 Total subsidy budget authority 10 20 20
Direct loan subsidy outlays:
134002 Historically Black Colleges and Universities 9 10



134999 Total subsidy outlays 9 10
Direct loan upward reestimates:
135001 College housing and academic facilities loans 1
135002 Historically Black Colleges and Universities 1 3



135999 Total upward reestimate budget authority 2 3
Direct loan downward reestimates:
137001 College housing and academic facilities loans -1
137002 Historically Black Colleges and Universities -2 -8
137003 HBCU Hurricane Supplemental -25 -84



137999 Total downward reestimate budget authority -28 -92

Administrative expense data:
3510 Budget authority 1 1 1
3590 Outlays from new authority 1 1 1

As required by the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990, this account records the subsidy costs associated with the direct loans obligated and loan guarantees committed in 1992 and beyond, as well as any administrative expenses for the College Housing and Academic Facilities Loans Program and the Historically Black College and University Capital Financing Program. The subsidy amounts are estimated on a present value basis; the administrative expenses are on a cash basis. These programs are administered separately but consolidated in the President's budget for presentation purposes.

College Housing and Academic Facilities Loans Program.—Funds for this activity pay the Federal costs for administering the College Housing and Academic Facilities Loans (CHAFL), College Housing Loans (CHL), and Higher Education Facilities Loans (HEFL) programs. Prior to 1994, these programs provided financing for the construction, reconstruction, and renovation of housing, academic, and other educational facilities. Although no new loans have been awarded since 1993, the Department of Education will incur costs for administering the outstanding loans through 2030.

Historically Black College and University Capital Financing Program.—The Historically Black College and University (HBCU) Capital Financing Program provides HBCUs with access to capital financing for the repair, renovation, and construction of classrooms, libraries, laboratories, dormitories, instructional equipment, and research instrumentation. The authorizing statute gives the Department authority to enter into insurance agreements with a private for-profit Designated Bonding Authority. The bonding authority issues the loans and maintains an escrow account in which five percent of each institution's principal is deposited. The Budget requests $20.228 million in loan subsidy, allowing the program to guarantee an estimated $279 million in new loans in 2011. In addition, the Budget requests funds for Federal administrative activities to administer the program and provide technical assistance activities that improve the financial stability of HBCUs.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91-0241-0-1-502 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

41.0 Direct obligations: Grants, subsidies, and contributions 12 23 20
99.5 Below reporting threshold 1 1 1



99.9 Total new obligations 13 24 21

Employment Summary


Identification code 91-0241-0-1-502 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Direct:
1001 Civilian full-time equivalent employment 4 4 4

College Housing and Academic Facilities Loans Financing Account

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91-4252-0-3-502 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Obligations by program activity:
00.02 Interest paid to Treasury 1 1 1
08.02 Payment of downward reestimates 1



10.00 Total new obligations 2 1 1

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
22.00 New financing authority (gross) 2 1 1
23.95 Total new obligations -2 -1 -1

New financing authority (gross), detail:
Mandatory:
69.00 Offsetting collections (cash) 2 2 2
69.47 Portion applied to repay debt -1 -1



69.90 Spending authority from offsetting collections (total mandatory) 2 1 1

Change in obligated balances:
73.10 Total new obligations 2 1 1
73.20 Total financing disbursements (gross) -2 -1 -1

Outlays (gross), detail:
87.00 Total financing disbursements (gross) 2 1 1

Offsets:
Against gross financing authority and financing disbursements:
Offsetting collections (cash) from:
88.00 Federal sources -1
88.40 Interest repayments -1 -1 -1
88.40 Principal repayments -1 -1



88.90 Total, offsetting collections (cash) -2 -2 -2

Net financing authority and financing disbursements:
89.00 Financing authority -1 -1
90.00 Financing disbursements -1 -1

Status of Direct Loans (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91-4252-0-3-502 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Cumulative balance of direct loans outstanding:
1210 Outstanding, start of year 12 12 11
1251 Repayments: Repayments and prepayments -1 -1



1290 Outstanding, end of year 12 11 10

As required by the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990, this non-budgetary account records all cash flows to and from the Government resulting from direct loans obligated in 1992 and 1993. The amounts in this account are a means of financing and are not included in the budget totals.

Balance Sheet (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91-4252-0-3-502 2008 actual 2009 actual

ASSETS:
Net value of assets related to post-1991 direct loans receivable:
1401 Direct loans receivable, gross 12 11
1405 Allowance for subsidy cost (-) -1


1499 Net present value of assets related to direct loans 11 11


1999 Total assets 11 11
LIABILITIES:
2103 Federal liabilities: Debt 11 11


2999 Total liabilities 11 11


4999 Total liabilities and net position 11 11

College Housing and Academic Facilities Loans Liquidating Account

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91-0242-0-1-502 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Obligations by program activity:
00.02 Interest paid to Treasury 6 6 6
00.04 Loan Servicing 1



10.00 Total new obligations 7 6 6

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
22.00 New budget authority (gross) 7 6 6
23.95 Total new obligations -7 -6 -6

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Mandatory:
60.00 Appropriation 2 2 2
69.00 Offsetting collections (cash) 27 26 25
69.27 Capital transfer to general fund -18 -18 -17
69.47 Portion applied to repay debt -4 -4 -4



69.90 Spending authority from offsetting collections (total mandatory) 5 4 4



70.00 Total new budget authority (gross) 7 6 6

Change in obligated balances:
72.40 Obligated balance, start of year 1 1 1
73.10 Total new obligations 7 6 6
73.20 Total outlays (gross) -7 -6 -6



74.40 Obligated balance, end of year 1 1 1

Outlays (gross), detail:
86.97 Outlays from new mandatory authority 7 6 6

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (cash) from:
88.40 Repayments of principal -19 -18 -18
88.40 Interest received on loans -8 -8 -7



88.90 Total, offsetting collections (cash) -27 -26 -25

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority -20 -20 -19
90.00 Outlays -20 -20 -19

Status of Direct Loans (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91-0242-0-1-502 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Cumulative balance of direct loans outstanding:
1210 Outstanding, start of year 203 184 180
1251 Repayments: Repayments and prepayments -19 -4 -4



1290 Outstanding, end of year 184 180 176

As required by the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990, the College Housing and Academic Facilities Loans Liquidating Account records all cash flows to and from the Government resulting from direct loans obligated prior to 1992. This account includes loans made under the College Housing and Academic Facilities Loans, College Housing Loans, and Higher Education Facilities Loans programs, which continue to be administered separately.

Balance Sheet (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91-0242-0-1-502 2008 actual 2009 actual

ASSETS:
1601 Direct loans, gross 198 185
1602 Interest receivable 5 5


1699 Value of assets related to direct loans 203 190


1999 Total assets 203 190
LIABILITIES:
Federal liabilities:
2103 Debt 64 60
2104 Resources payable to Treasury 139 130


2999 Total liabilities 203 190


4999 Total liabilities and net position 203 190

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91-0242-0-1-502 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Direct obligations:
25.3 Other purchases of goods and services from Government accounts 1
43.0 Interest and dividends 6 6 6



99.9 Total new obligations 7 6 6

Historically Black College and University Capital Financing Direct Loan Financing Account

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91-4255-0-3-502 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Obligations by program activity:
00.01 Direct loan awards 61 178 279
00.02 Interest paid to Treasury 8
00.03 Subsidy Payments - Interest Subsidy 1 4
00.04 Interest paid to Treasury 8 9



00.91 Subtotal 70 186 292
08.02 Payment of downward reestimate 24 78
08.04 Interest on downward reestimates 3 15



08.91 Subtotal 27 93



10.00 Total new obligations 97 279 292

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
21.40 Unobligated balance carried forward, start of year 330 304 236
22.00 New financing authority (gross) 71 211 313
22.10 Resources available from recoveries of prior year obligations 2
22.70 Balance of authority to borrow withdrawn -2



23.90 Total budgetary resources available for obligation 401 515 549
23.95 Total new obligations -97 -279 -292



24.40 Unobligated balance carried forward, end of year 304 236 257

New financing authority (gross), detail:
Mandatory:
67.10 Authority to borrow 51 178 279
69.00 Offsetting collections (cash) 15 38 53
69.10 Change in uncollected customer payments from Federal sources (unexpired) 10
69.47 Portion applied to repay debt -5 -5 -19



69.90 Spending authority from offsetting collections (total mandatory) 20 33 34



70.00 Total new financing authority (gross) 71 211 313

Change in obligated balances:
72.40 Obligated balance, start of year 283 212 322
73.10 Total new obligations 97 279 292
73.20 Total financing disbursements (gross) -156 -169 -198
73.45 Recoveries of prior year obligations -2
74.00 Change in uncollected customer payments from Federal sources (unexpired) -10



74.40 Obligated balance, end of year 212 322 416

Outlays (gross), detail:
87.00 Total financing disbursements (gross) 156 169 198

Offsets:
Against gross financing authority and financing disbursements:
Offsetting collections (cash) from:
88.00 Federal sources -1 -12 -10
88.25 Interest on uninvested funds -2 -12 -12
88.40 Interest repayments -9 -9 -12
88.40 Principal repayments -3 -5 -19



88.90 Total, offsetting collections (cash) -15 -38 -53
Against gross financing authority only:
88.95 Change in receivables from program accounts -10

Net financing authority and financing disbursements:
89.00 Financing authority 46 173 260
90.00 Financing disbursements 141 131 145

Status of Direct Loans (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91-4255-0-3-502 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Position with respect to appropriations act limitation on obligations:
1111 Limitation on direct loans 61 178 279



1150 Total direct loan obligations 61 178 279

Cumulative balance of direct loans outstanding:
1210 Outstanding, start of year 337 454 609
1231 Disbursements: Direct loan disbursements 120 160 186
1251 Repayments: Repayments and prepayments -3 -5 -19



1290 Outstanding, end of year 454 609 776

As required by the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990, this non-budgetary account records all cash flows to and from the Federal Government resulting from direct loans obligated in 1996 and beyond. The Federal Financing Bank (FFB) purchases bonds issued by the HBCU Designated Bonding Authority. Under the policies governing Federal credit programs, bonds purchased by the FFB and supported by the Department of Education with a letter of credit create the equivalent of a Federal direct loan. HBCU bonds are also available for purchase by the private sector, and these will be treated as loan guarantees. However, the Department anticipates that all HBCU loans will be financed by the FFB. The amounts in this account are a means of financing and are not included in the budget totals.

Balance Sheet (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91-4255-0-3-502 2008 actual 2009 actual

ASSETS:
1101 Federal assets: Fund balances with Treasury 332 273
Net value of assets related to post-1991 direct loans receivable:
1401 Direct loans receivable, gross 337 453
1402 Interest receivable 8


1499 Net present value of assets related to direct loans 337 461


1999 Total assets 669 734
LIABILITIES:
Federal liabilities:
2102 Interest payable 8
2103 Debt 337 453
2201 Non-Federal liabilities: Undisbursed direct loans 332 273


2999 Total liabilities 669 734


4999 Total liabilities and net position 669 734

Office of Federal Student Aid

Federal Funds

Student Financial Assistance

(including [deferral] cancellation of funds)

For carrying out subparts [1,] 3[, and 4] and 10 of part A, and part C [and part E] of title IV of the Higher Education Act of 1965, [$19,296,809,000] $1,738,197,000, which shall remain available through September 30, [2011] 2012.

[The maximum Pell Grant for which a student shall be eligible during award year 2010-2011 shall be $4,860.]

Of the funds made available under section 401A(e)(1)[(D)] (E) of the Higher Education Act of 1965, [$561,000,000 shall not be available until October 1, 2010] $597,000,000 are hereby permanently cancelled. (Department of Education Appropriations Act, 2010.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91-0200-0-1-502 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Obligations by program activity:
01.01 Federal Pell grants 26,019 30,990 3,206
02.01 Federal supplemental educational opportunity grants (SEOG) 760 759 757
02.02 Federal work-study 1,156 981 981
02.04 Federal Perkins loans: Loan cancellations 67



02.91 Campus-based activities - Subtotal 1,983 1,740 1,738
03.01 Leveraging educational assistance partnership 64 64



10.00 Total new obligations (object class 41.0) 28,066 32,794 4,944

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
21.40 Unobligated balance carried forward, start of year 483 10,215 579
22.00 New budget authority (gross) 37,730 23,158 4,828
22.10 Resources available from recoveries of prior year obligations 68



23.90 Total budgetary resources available for obligation 38,281 33,373 5,407
23.95 Total new obligations -28,066 -32,794 -4,944



24.40 Unobligated balance carried forward, end of year 10,215 579 463

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Discretionary:
40.00 Appropriation 34,997 19,297 1,738
Mandatory:
60.00 Appropriation 2,733 3,861 3,090



70.00 Total new budget authority (gross) 37,730 23,158 4,828

Change in obligated balances:
72.40 Obligated balance, start of year 12,250 17,028 16,939
73.10 Total new obligations 28,066 32,794 4,944
73.20 Total outlays (gross) -23,185 -32,883 -18,697
73.40 Adjustments in expired accounts (net) -35
73.45 Recoveries of prior year obligations -68



74.40 Obligated balance, end of year 17,028 16,939 3,186

Outlays (gross), detail:
86.90 Outlays from new discretionary authority 9,664 6,546 174
86.93 Outlays from discretionary balances 11,043 22,682 15,246
86.97 Outlays from new mandatory authority 999 1,943 1,350
86.98 Outlays from mandatory balances 1,479 1,712 1,927



87.00 Total outlays (gross) 23,185 32,883 18,697

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority 37,730 23,158 4,828
90.00 Outlays 23,185 32,883 18,697

Summary of Budget Authority and Outlays (in millions of dollars)


2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Enacted/requested:
Budget Authority 37,730 23,158 4,828
Outlays 23,185 32,883 18,697
Amounts included in baseline projection of current policy:
Budget Authority 35,104
Outlays 13,755
Adjustments for year-to-year comparability:
Budget Authority
Outlays
Legislative proposal, subject to PAYGO:
Budget Authority -21,356 -38,194
Outlays -8,302 -27,914
Total:
Budget Authority 37,730 1,802 1,738
Outlays 23,185 24,581 4,538

Status of Direct Loans (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91-0200-0-1-502 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Cumulative balance of direct loans outstanding:
1210 Outstanding, start of year 311 306 302
1251 Repayments: Repayments and prepayments -17 -17 -16
1263 Write-offs for default: Direct loans -9 -8 -10
1264 Other adjustments, net (+ or -) 21 21 21



1290 Outstanding, end of year 306 302 297

Notes.—Figures include, in all years, institutional matching share of defaulted notes assigned from institutions to the Education Department.
Funding from the Student Financial Assistance account, the new Federal Pell Grants account, and related matching funds would provide over 10.8 million awards totaling nearly $37.0 billion in available aid in award year 2011-2012.

Federal Pell grants.—Pell Grants are the single largest source of grant aid for postsecondary education. More detail on this program is provided in the new Federal Pell Grants account below. The Budget Reform chapter in the Analytical Perspectives volume further explains the Budget's Pell Grant policy and the funding included in this account and the Federal Pell Grants account.

Federal supplemental educational opportunity grants (SEOG).—Federal funds are awarded by formula to qualifying institutions, which use these funds to award grants to undergraduate students. While institutions have discretion in awarding these funds, they are required to give priority to Pell Grant recipients and other students with exceptional need. The Federal share of these grants cannot exceed 75 percent of the total grant. The 2011 Budget includes $757 million for SEOG, which would generate $959 million in new aid to 1.3 million students.

Federal work-study.—Federal funds are awarded by formula to qualifying institutions, which provide part-time jobs to eligible undergraduate and graduate students. Hourly earnings under this program must be at least equal to the Federal minimum wage. Federal funding in most cases pays 75 percent of a student's hourly wages, with the remaining 25 percent paid by the employer. The Federal Work-Study program also requires participating institutions to use at least 7 percent of the total funds granted to compensate students employed in community service jobs. The 2011 Budget includes $980 million for Work-Study, which would generate $1.2 billion in new aid to nearly 770,000 students.

Iraq and Afghanistan service grants.—This program, which becomes effective July 1, 2010, will provide non-need-based grants for students whose parent or guardian was a member of the Armed Forces who died in Iraq or Afghanistan as a result of performing military service after September 11, 2001. Service Grants are equal to the maximum Pell Grant for a given award year. The Administration anticipates spending $240,000 to support an estimated maximum of 1,000 awards in 2011.

Federal Perkins loans.—Institutions award low-interest loans from institutional revolving funds, which are comprised of Federal Capital Contributions, institutional matching funds, and student repayments on outstanding loans. No new Federal Capital Contributions have been appropriated since 2004. The Administration supports action by Congress to modernize and expand the Perkins Loan program so more colleges can participate and more students receive access to greater aid. The proposal would increase the total annual loan amounts available to students to $6 billion from the current $1 billion beginning in July 1, 2011. Rather than operating through institutional revolving funds, Perkins Loans will be originated and serviced by the Federal Government. Loan volume will be allocated among degree-granting institutions using a method currently being determined in consultation with Congress. The Administration intends for this new formula to encourage colleges to control costs and offer need-based aid to prevent excessive indebtedness. Schools will continue to have discretion with regard to student eligibility. Perkins Loan borrowers will retain the 5 percent interest rate, however interest will accrue while students are in school. Loan maximums also will not change from the current program; other loan terms and conditions will be the same as the current Unsubsidized Stafford Loan program. As current Perkins Loan borrowers repay their loans, schools will remit the Federal share of those payments to the Department of Education. Schools will retain their own share of the revolving funds, as well as amounts sufficient to cover the costs of the various Perkins Loan forgiveness provisions. Mandatory loan subsidy costs associated with this proposal are shown in the Federal Perkins Loan program account.

Funding tables.—The following tables display student aid funds available, the number of aid awards, average awards, and the unduplicated count of recipients from each Federal student aid program. Loan amounts reflect the capital actually loaned, not the Federal cost of these loans. The data in these tables include matching funds wherever appropriate. The 2010 and 2011 data in these tables reflect the Administration's legislative proposals. Therefore, all the following tables include 2010 FFEL data only for the first three quarters of 2010, based on the budget proposal to transfer all loan activity to the Direct Loan program beginning with Academic Year 2010-2011 (July 2010).

AID FUNDS AVAILABLE FOR POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION AND TRAINING [in thousands]


2009 20101 2011

Pell grants $28,213,310 $32,295,225 $34,834,285
Student loans:
Guaranteed student loans:
Stafford loans 25,425,522 13,424,109 0
Unsubsidized Stafford loans 32,440,567 18,084,295 0
PLUS 8,911,859 3,725,397 0
Direct student loans:
Stafford loans 11,330,647 27,706,905 43,639,975
Unsubsidized Stafford loans 13,199,898 33,680,309 55,618,577
PLUS 5,207,685 12,141,876 17,134,642
Consolidation:
FFEL 218,273 184,564 0
Direct Loans 12,522,642 14,830,281 17,564,557
Perkins loans 1,106,126 1,041,545 2,602,869
Student loans, subtotal 110,363,219 124,819,282 136,560,620
Work-study 1,417,322 1,170,845 1,170,845
Supplemental educational opportunity grants 958,816 958,816 958,816
Leveraging educational assistance partnerships 161,556 161,556 0
Iraq and Afghanistan service grants 0 232 240
Academic competitiveness grants/SMART 864,000 932,000 0

TEACH grants 72,262 79,827 93,189



Total aid available 142,050,486 160,417,783 173,617,996

1 FFEL data represents activity for the first 9 months. Under the budget proposal all activity in the final 3 months would be in Direct Loans.

NUMBER OF AID AWARDS [in thousands]


2009 20101 2011

Pell grants 7,738 8,355 8,743
Guaranteed student loans-Stafford loans 6,703 3,827 0
Guaranteed student loans-Unsubsidized Stafford loans 7,015 4,035 0
Guaranteed student loans-PLUS 741 353 0
Guaranteed student loans-Consolidation 6 5 0
Direct student loans-Stafford loans 2,778 6,801 11,253
Direct student loans-Unsubsidized Stafford loans 2,866 7,007 11,685
Direct student loans-PLUS 466 983 1,411
Direct student loans-Consolidation 402 441 492
Perkins loans 521 490 1,225
Work-study 930 768 768
Supplemental educational opportunity grants 1,303 1,303 1,303
Leveraging educational assistance partnerships 162 162 0
Iraq and Afghanistan service grants 0 02 02
Academic competitiveness grants/SMART 855 936 0

TEACH grants 31 32 37



Total awards 32,515 35,497 36,918

1FFEL data represents activity for the first 9 months. Under the budget proposal all activity in the final 3 months would be in Direct Loans.2Number of recipients is fewer than 1,000.

AVERAGE AID AWARDS [in whole dollars]


2009 20101 2011

Pell grants $3,646 $3,865 $3,984
Guaranteed student loans-Stafford loans 3,793 3,508 0
Guaranteed student loans-Unsubsidized Stafford loans 4,624 4,481 0
Guaranteed student loans-PLUS 12,029 10,548 0
Guaranteed student loans-Consolidation 36,144 40,448 0
Direct student loans-Stafford loans 4,078 4,074 3,878
Direct student loans-Unsubsidized Stafford loans 4,606 4,807 4,760
Direct student loans-PLUS 11,182 12,349 12,143
Direct student loans-Consolidation 31,133 33,658 35,668
Perkins loans 2,125 2,125 2,125
Work-study 1,524 1,524 1,524
Supplemental educational opportunity grants 736 736 736
Leveraging educational assistance partnerships 1,000 1,000 0
Iraq and Afghanistan service grants 0 4,539 4,690
Academic competitiveness grants/SMART 1,011 996 0
TEACH grants 2,369 2,500 2,500

1FFEL data represents activity for the first 9 months. Under the budget proposal all activity in the final 3 months would be in Direct Loans.

NUMBER OF STUDENTS AIDED [in thousands]


2009 2010 2011

Unduplicated student count 12,759 14,115 14,818

ADMINISTRATIVE PAYMENTS TO INSTITUTIONS [in thousands of dollars]


2009 2010 2011

Pell grants $38,690 $41,775 $43,715
Work-study 88,573 73,250 73,250
Supplemental educational opportunity grants 38,353 38,353 38,353
Perkins loans 44,245 41,662 20,831

Student Financial Assistance

(Amounts included in baseline projection of current policy)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91-0200-7-1-502 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Obligations by program activity:
01.01 Federal Pell Grants 30,699



10.00 Total new obligations (object class 41.0) 30,699

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
22.00 New budget authority (gross) 35,104
23.95 Total new obligations -30,699



24.40 Unobligated balance carried forward, end of year 4,405

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Discretionary:
40.35 Appropriation permanently reduced -17,495
Mandatory:
60.00 Appropriation 17,495 35,104



70.00 Total new budget authority (gross) 35,104

Change in obligated balances:
73.10 Total new obligations 30,699
73.20 Total outlays (gross) -13,755



74.40 Obligated balance, end of year 16,944

Outlays (gross), detail:
86.90 Outlays from new discretionary authority -6,359
86.93 Outlays from discretionary balances -10,904
86.97 Outlays from new mandatory authority 6,359 13,755
86.98 Outlays from mandatory balances 10,904



87.00 Total outlays (gross) 13,755

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority 35,104
90.00 Outlays 13,755

Student Financial Assistance

(Adjustments for year-to-year comparability)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91-0200-9-1-502 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Discretionary:
40.35 Appropriation permanently reduced -32,928
Mandatory:
60.00 Appropriation 32,928



70.00 Total new budget authority (gross)

Outlays (gross), detail:
86.90 Outlays from new discretionary authority -9,305
86.93 Outlays from discretionary balances -9,498 -20,946 -2,665
86.97 Outlays from new mandatory authority 9,305
86.98 Outlays from mandatory balances 9,498 20,946 2,665



87.00 Total outlays (gross)

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority
90.00 Outlays

Student Financial Assistance

(Legislative proposal, subject to PAYGO)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91-0200-4-1-502 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Obligations by program activity:
01.01 Federal Pell grants -20,777 -33,905



10.00 Total new obligations (object class 41.0) -20,777 -33,905

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
21.40 Unobligated balance carried forward, start of year -579
22.00 New budget authority (gross) -21,356 -38,194



23.90 Total budgetary resources available for obligation -21,356 -38,773
23.95 Total new obligations 20,777 33,905



24.40 Unobligated balance carried forward, end of year -579 -4,868

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Mandatory:
60.00 Appropriation -21,356 -38,194

Change in obligated balances:
72.40 Obligated balance, start of year -12,475
73.10 Total new obligations -20,777 -33,905
73.20 Total outlays (gross) 8,302 27,914



74.40 Obligated balance, end of year -12,475 -18,466

Outlays (gross), detail:
86.97 Outlays from new mandatory authority -8,302 -15,105
86.98 Outlays from mandatory balances -12,809



87.00 Total outlays (gross) -8,302 -27,914

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority -21,356 -38,194
90.00 Outlays -8,302 -27,914

Federal Pell Grants

(Legislative proposal, subject to PAYGO)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91-0208-4-1-502 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Obligations by program activity:
00.01 Federal Pell Grants 22,971 34,494



10.00 Total new obligations (object class 41.0) 22,971 34,494

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
21.40 Unobligated balance carried forward, start of year 4,848
22.00 New budget authority (gross) 27,819 34,878



23.90 Total budgetary resources available for obligation 27,819 39,726
23.95 Total new obligations -22,971 -34,494



24.40 Unobligated balance carried forward, end of year 4,848 5,232

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Mandatory:
60.00 Appropriation 27,819 34,878

Change in obligated balances:
72.40 Obligated balance, start of year 14,667
73.10 Total new obligations 22,971 34,494
73.20 Total outlays (gross) -8,304 -28,739



74.40 Obligated balance, end of year 14,667 20,422

Outlays (gross), detail:
86.97 Outlays from new mandatory authority 8,304 9,417
86.98 Outlays from mandatory balances 19,322



87.00 Total outlays (gross) 8,304 28,739

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority 27,819 34,878
90.00 Outlays 8,304 28,739

The Budget proposes to change the language authorizing the Pell Grants program by making it an entitlement beginning in 2010. This account displays the mandatory funding related to this proposal.

The Budget Reform chapter in the Analytical Perspectives volume further explains the Budget's Pell Grant policy and the funding included in this account and the Student Financial Assistance account.

Pell Grants are the single largest source of grant aid for post-secondary education. Funding for this program has been provided from two sources: discretionary appropriations and, beginning in 2008, mandatory funding authorized under the College Cost Reduction and Access Act of 2007. The Recovery Act provided additional discretionary and mandatory budget authority in 2009.

In 2010, more than 8 million undergraduates will receive up to $5,550 to help pay for postsecondary education. Undergraduate students establish eligibility for these grants under award and need determination rules set out in the authorizing statute and annual appropriations act.

The 2011 Budget proposes to convert Pell Grants into a mandatory program and increase the maximum award annually by the consumer price index plus 1 percentage point. To implement this, the Budget proposes to amend the HEA to clarify that Federal Pell Grants are an entitlement to the individual and remove the eligibility limits created by the College Cost Reduction and Access Act. The Budget also proposes changes to the HEA that will simplify the FAFSA by changing elements from the needs analysis formula, which could increase the number of students receiving Pell awards and change Pell awards for some students. The Budget request includes $34.9 billion for Pell Grants in 2011, supporting a projected maximum award of $5,710.

Student Aid Administration

For Federal administrative expenses to carry out part D of title I, and subparts 1, 3, 4, [and] 9, and 10 of part A, and parts B, C, D, and E of title IV of the Higher Education Act of 1965, [$870,402,000, which shall remain available until expended] $1,170,231,000: Provided, That unobligated balances of funds provided under this paragraph at the end of fiscal year 2011 not needed for fiscal year 2011 shall remain available until expended to invest in Federal Student Aid information technology hardware and software infrastructure, including related equipment and non-payroll administrative expenses associated with this information technology infrastructure. (Department of Education Appropriations Act, 2010.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91-0202-0-1-502 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Obligations by program activity:
00.01 Student aid administration 754 957 673
00.02 Servicing activities 497



10.00 Total new obligations 754 957 1,170

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
21.40 Unobligated balance carried forward, start of year 1 87
22.00 New budget authority (gross) 813 870 1,170
22.10 Resources available from recoveries of prior year obligations 27



23.90 Total budgetary resources available for obligation 841 957 1,170
23.95 Total new obligations -754 -957 -1,170



24.40 Unobligated balance carried forward, end of year 87

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Discretionary:
40.00 Appropriation 813 870 1,170

Change in obligated balances:
72.40 Obligated balance, start of year 358 333 493
73.10 Total new obligations 754 957 1,170
73.20 Total outlays (gross) -750 -797 -998
73.40 Adjustments in expired accounts (net) -2
73.45 Recoveries of prior year obligations -27



74.40 Obligated balance, end of year 333 493 665

Outlays (gross), detail:
86.90 Outlays from new discretionary authority 442 491 658
86.93 Outlays from discretionary balances 308 306 340



87.00 Total outlays (gross) 750 797 998

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority 813 870 1,170
90.00 Outlays 750 797 998

The Department of Education manages Federal student aid programs that will provide over $173 billion in new Federal student aid grants and loans to nearly 15 million students and parents in 2011. Primary responsibility for administering these programs lies with the Office of Postsecondary Education and the performance-based Federal Student Aid (FSA), which are both overseen by the Office of the Under Secretary. FSA was created by Congress in 1998 with a mandate to improve service to students and other student aid program participants, reduce student aid administration costs, and improve accountability and program integrity.

The 2011 Budget includes $673 million for student aid administration and $497 million for loan servicing activities, for a total of $1.170 billion. Most of these funds support systems maintained by private contractors to process student aid applications; provide and track aid awards to students, parents, and schools; and promote efforts aimed at reaching out to key student populations and simplifying the aid application experience. To promote greater transparency within the student aid administration account, loan servicing costs are being presented separately from non-servicing costs beginning in 2011.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91-0202-0-1-502 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation:
11.1 Full-time permanent 104 121 157
11.3 Other than full-time permanent 3
11.5 Other personnel compensation 3 3 3



11.9 Total personnel compensation 110 124 160
12.1 Civilian personnel benefits 28 32 39
21.0 Travel and transportation of persons 2 3 4
23.1 Rental payments to GSA 17 17 17
23.3 Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous charges 5 3 1
24.0 Printing and reproduction 3 3 4
25.1 Advisory and assistance services 7 5 5
25.2 Other services 22 35 34
25.3 Other purchases of goods and services from Government accounts 24 23 18
25.7 Operation and maintenance of equipment 533 710 883
26.0 Supplies and materials 1 1
31.0 Equipment 3 1 3



99.0 Direct obligations 754 957 1,169
99.5 Below reporting threshold 1



99.9 Total new obligations 754 957 1,170

Employment Summary


Identification code 91-0202-0-1-502 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Direct:
1001 Civilian full-time equivalent employment 1,058 1,194 1,457

Academic Competitiveness/SMART Grant Program

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91-0205-0-1-502 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Obligations by program activity:
00.01 ACG/SMART Grants 690 866 464



10.00 Total new obligations (object class 41.0) 690 866 464

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
21.40 Unobligated balance carried forward, start of year 30 500
22.00 New budget authority (gross) 73 1,336 -36
22.30 Expired unobligated balance transfer to unexpired account 667



23.90 Total budgetary resources available for obligation 740 1,366 464
23.95 Total new obligations -690 -866 -464
23.98 Unobligated balance expiring or withdrawn -20



24.40 Unobligated balance carried forward, end of year 30 500

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Discretionary:
40.36 Unobligated balance permanently reduced -597
Mandatory:
60.00 Appropriation 960 1,010
60.00 Funds becoming available from prior year deferral 887 561
60.35 Appropriation deferred to future years -887 -561
60.35 Appropriation permanently reduced



62.50 Appropriation (total mandatory) 73 1,336 561



70.00 Total new budget authority (gross) 73 1,336 -36

Change in obligated balances:
72.40 Obligated balance, start of year 247 330 360
73.10 Total new obligations 690 866 464
73.20 Total outlays (gross) -607 -836 -824



74.40 Obligated balance, end of year 330 360

Outlays (gross), detail:
86.97 Outlays from new mandatory authority 364 782
86.98 Outlays from mandatory balances 243 54 824



87.00 Total outlays (gross) 607 836 824

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority 73 1,336 -36
90.00 Outlays 607 836 824

These need-based programs provide grants to full- and part-time students who are eligible to receive a Pell Grant. Eligibility for second-, third-, and fourth-year students is based on maintenance of a 3.0 grade point average. The Ensuring Continued Access to Student Loans Act (ECASLA) expanded the grants to non-citizens, part-time students, and students pursuing certificate programs.

Academic Competitiveness Grants (ACG).—These grants are awarded to first-year and second-year students who have completed a rigorous course of study in high school. Grant levels are $750 for first-year students and $1,300 for second-year students.

Science and Mathematics Access to Retain Talent (SMART) Grants.—These grants are awarded to third-year and fourth-year students pursuing a major in mathematics, science, or a foreign language deemed critical to national security. Grant levels are $4,000 for both third- and fourth-year students.
Taken together with other Federal student aid, grants cannot exceed a student's cost of attendance. Program funding in excess of the amount needed to fund grants in a given year can be carried over for use in subsequent years; if the mandatory funding level is insufficient to fund program grants, grant levels are reduced. For AY 2010, $932 million in ACG/SMART was made available for 936,000 students.
In 2011, the Administration proposes to cancel $597 million in unobligated balances. Remaining balances are sufficient to meet estimated demand in these programs through the 2011-2012 academic year, when the authorizing statute specifies the program will sunset.

TEACH Grant Program Account

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91-0206-0-1-502 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Obligations by program activity:
00.01 TEACH Grant subsidy 11 13
00.05 Upward Reestimate 12
00.06 Interest on Upward Reestimate 1



10.00 Total new obligations (object class 41.0) 24 13

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
22.00 New budget authority (gross) 24 13
23.95 Total new obligations -24 -13

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Mandatory:
60.00 Appropriation (indefinite) - Loan subsidy 11 13
60.00 Appropriation (indefinite) - Upward reestimate 13
60.00 Appropriation



62.50 Appropriation (total mandatory) 24 13

Change in obligated balances:
72.40 Obligated balance, start of year 7 4
73.10 Total new obligations 24 13
73.20 Total outlays (gross) -20 -12
73.40 Adjustments in expired accounts (net) -7



74.40 Obligated balance, end of year 4 5

Outlays (gross), detail:
86.97 Outlays from new mandatory authority 20 8
86.98 Outlays from mandatory balances 4



87.00 Total outlays (gross) 20 12

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority 24 13
90.00 Outlays 20 12

Summary of Loan Levels, Subsidy Budget Authority and Outlays by Program (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91-0206-0-1-502 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Direct loan levels supportable by subsidy budget authority:
115001 TEACH Grants 89 80 93



115999 Total direct loan levels 89 80 93
Direct loan subsidy (in percent):
132001 TEACH Grants -3.63 13.63 13.64



132999 Weighted average subsidy rate -3.63 13.63 13.64
Direct loan subsidy budget authority:
133001 TEACH Grants -3 11 13



133999 Total subsidy budget authority -3 11 13
Direct loan subsidy outlays:
134001 TEACH Grants -1 6 12



134999 Total subsidy outlays -1 6 12
Direct loan upward reestimates:
135001 TEACH Grants 13



135999 Total upward reestimate budget authority 13

The TEACH grant program, authorized by the College Cost Reduction and Access Act of 2007, awards annual grants of up to $4,000 to full- or part-time undergraduate and graduate students who agree to teach mathematics, science, foreign languages, bilingual education, special education, or reading at a high-poverty school for not less than 4 years within 8 years of graduating. The program began awarding grants in the 2008-2009 award year. Students must have a grade point average of 3.25 or higher to be eligible to receive a grant. Students who fail to fulfill the service requirements must repay the grants, including interest accrued from the time of award.

Because TEACH grants turn into loans in cases where the service requirements are not fulfilled, for budget and accounting purposes the program is operated consistent with the requirements of the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990. This program account records subsidy costs reflecting the net present value of the estimated lifetime Federal program costs for grants awarded in a given fiscal year. Under this approach the subsidy cost reflects the cost of grant awards net of expected future repayments for grants that are converted to loans.

TEACH Grant Financing Account

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91-4290-0-3-502 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Obligations by program activity:
00.01 TEACH Grants 89 115 94
00.02 Interest payments to Treasury 2 1 4



00.91 Subtotal 91 116 98
08.01 Obligation of Negative Subsdy 3



10.00 Total new obligations 94 116 98

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
21.40 Unobligated balance carried forward, start of year 2
22.00 New financing authority (gross) 86 84 101
22.10 Resources available from recoveries of prior year obligations 8 33
22.60 Portion applied to repay debt -2 -1 -3



23.90 Total budgetary resources available for obligation 94 116 98
23.95 Total new obligations -94 -116 -98



24.40 Unobligated balance carried forward, end of year

New financing authority (gross), detail:
Mandatory:
67.10 Authority to borrow 84 73 85
69.00 Offsetting collections (cash) 2 21 15
69.10 Change in uncollected customer payments from Federal sources (unexpired) 4 4
69.47 Portion applied to repay debt -14 -3



69.90 Spending authority from offsetting collections (total mandatory) 2 11 16



70.00 Total new financing authority (gross) 86 84 101

Change in obligated balances:
72.40 Obligated balance, start of year 13 47 46
73.10 Total new obligations 94 116 98
73.20 Total financing disbursements (gross) -52 -80 -97
73.45 Recoveries of prior year obligations -8 -33
74.00 Change in uncollected customer payments from Federal sources (unexpired) -4 -4



74.40 Obligated balance, end of year 47 46 43

Outlays (gross), detail:
87.00 Total financing disbursements (gross) 52 80 97

Offsets:
Against gross financing authority and financing disbursements:
Offsetting collections (cash) from:
88.00 Upward Reestimate -12
88.00 Upward Reestimate, interest -1
88.00 Subsidy from Program Account -7 -12
88.25 Interest on uninvested funds -2
88.40 Payment of Principal -1 -2
88.40 Interest Received -1



88.90 Total, offsetting collections (cash) -2 -21 -15
Against gross financing authority only:
88.95 Change in receivables from program accounts -4 -4

Net financing authority and financing disbursements:
89.00 Financing authority 84 59 82
90.00 Financing disbursements 50 59 82

Status of Direct Loans (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91-4290-0-3-502 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Position with respect to appropriations act limitation on obligations:
1111 Limitation on direct loans
1131 Direct loan obligations exempt from limitation 89 80 93



1150 Total direct loan obligations 89 80 93

Cumulative balance of direct loans outstanding:
1210 Outstanding, start of year 49 100
1231 Disbursements: Direct loan disbursements 49 52 65
1251 Repayments: Repayments and prepayments -1 -3



1290 Outstanding, end of year 49 100 162

As required by the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990, this non-budgetary account records all cash flows to and from the Government resulting from the TEACH Grant program. Amounts in this account are a means of financing and are not included in the budget totals.

Balance Sheet (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91-4290-0-3-502 2008 actual 2009 actual

ASSETS:
1101 Federal assets: Fund balances with Treasury 15 19
Net value of assets related to post-1991 direct loans receivable:
1401 Direct loans receivable, gross 2 49
1405 Allowance for subsidy cost (-) -1


1499 Net present value of assets related to direct loans 1 49


1999 Total assets 16 68
LIABILITIES:
Federal liabilities:
2101 Accounts payable 2
2103 Debt 14 68


2999 Total liabilities 16 68


4999 Total upward reestimate subsidy BA [91-0206] 16 68

Perkins Loan Assets

(Legislative proposal, subject to PAYGO)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91-0219-4-1-502 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Mandatory:
69.00 Offsetting collections (cash) 690
69.27 Capital transfer to general fund -690



69.90 Spending authority from offsetting collections (total mandatory)

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.40 Offsetting collections (cash) from: Non-Federal sources -690

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority -690
90.00 Outlays -690

The 2011 Budget proposes to shift the Perkins Loan program to a mandatory direct loan program beginning July 1, 2011, and account for costs as required by the Federal Credit Reform Act. Details of this proposal are provided under the Student Financial Assistance account; subsidy costs associated with this change are shown in the Federal Perkins Loan program account. Amounts recalled are net of institutional contributions and loan cancellation costs. The Perkins Loan Assets account records amounts recalled from Perkins Loan institutions and subsequent loan repayments on outstanding Perkins Loans.

Student Financial Assistance Debt Collection

Special and Trust Fund Receipts (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91-5557-0-2-502 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

01.00 Balance, start of year



01.99 Balance, start of year
Receipts:
02.20 Student Financial Assistance Debt Collection 9 10 10



02.99 Total receipts and collections 9 10 10



04.00 Total: Balances and collections 9 10 10
Appropriations:
05.00 Student Financial Assistance Debt Collection -9 -10 -10



05.99 Total appropriations -9 -10 -10



07.99 Balance, end of year

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91-5557-0-2-502 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Obligations by program activity:
00.01 Student Financial Assistance Debt Collection 5 5 5



10.00 Total new obligations (object class 25.2) 5 5 5

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
21.40 Unobligated balance carried forward, start of year 6 13 12
22.00 New budget authority (gross) 9 10 10
22.10 Resources available from recoveries of prior year obligations 3
22.40 Capital transfer to general fund -6 -6



23.90 Total budgetary resources available for obligation 18 17 16
23.95 Total new obligations -5 -5 -5



24.40 Unobligated balance carried forward, end of year 13 12 11

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Mandatory:
60.20 Appropriation (special fund) 9 10 10

Change in obligated balances:
72.40 Obligated balance, start of year 3
73.10 Total new obligations 5 5 5
73.20 Total outlays (gross) -5 -5 -5
73.45 Recoveries of prior year obligations -3



74.40 Obligated balance, end of year

Outlays (gross), detail:
86.98 Outlays from mandatory balances 5 5 5

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority 9 10 10
90.00 Outlays 5 5 5

Federal Student Loan Reserve Fund

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91-4257-0-3-502 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Obligations by program activity:
01.02 Obligations, non-Federal 11,868 10,298 9,918



10.00 Total new obligations (object class 42.0) 11,868 10,298 9,918

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
21.40 Unobligated balance carried forward, start of year 1,663 2,414 2,663
22.00 New budget authority (gross) 12,619 10,547 10,257



23.90 Total budgetary resources available for obligation 14,282 12,961 12,920
23.95 Total new obligations -11,868 -10,298 -9,918



24.40 Unobligated balance carried forward, end of year 2,414 2,663 3,002

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Mandatory:
69.00 Offsetting collections (cash) 12,619 10,547 10,257

Change in obligated balances:
73.10 Total new obligations 11,868 10,298 9,918
73.20 Total outlays (gross) -11,868 -10,298 -9,918

Outlays (gross), detail:
86.97 Outlays from new mandatory authority 11,868 10,298 9,918

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (cash) from:
88.00 Federal sources -11,789 -9,698 -9,328
88.40 Non-Federal sources -830 -849 -929



88.90 Total, offsetting collections (cash) -12,619 -10,547 -10,257

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority
90.00 Outlays -751 -249 -339

Summary of Budget Authority and Outlays (in millions of dollars)


2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Enacted/requested:
Budget Authority
Outlays -751 -249 -339
Legislative proposal, subject to PAYGO:
Budget Authority
Outlays 170 640
Total:
Budget Authority
Outlays -751 -79 301

The Higher Education Amendments of 1998 clarified that reserve funds held by public and non-profit guaranty agencies participating in the Federal Family Education Loan (FFEL) program are Federal property. These reserves are used to pay default claims from FFEL lenders and fees to support agency efforts to avert defaults. The Federal Government reimburses these reserves for default claim payments. The following schedule reflects the balances in these guaranty agency funds.

Balance Sheet (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91-4257-0-3-502 2008 actual 2009 actual

ASSETS:
1101 Federal assets: Fund balances with Treasury 1,663 2,414


1999 Total assets 1,663 2,414
NET POSITION:
3300 Cumulative results of operations 1,663 2,414


3999 Total net position 1,663 2,414


4999 Total liabilities and net position 1,663 2,414

Federal Student Loan Reserve Fund

(Legislative proposal, subject to PAYGO)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91-4257-4-3-502 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Obligations by program activity:
01.02 Obligations, non-Federal -2,760 -2,803



10.00 Total new obligations (object class 42.0) -2,760 -2,803

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
21.40 Unobligated balance carried forward, start of year -170
22.00 New budget authority (gross) -2,930 -3,443



23.90 Total budgetary resources available for obligation -2,930 -3,613
23.95 Total new obligations 2,760 2,803



24.40 Unobligated balance carried forward, end of year -170 -810

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Mandatory:
69.00 Offsetting collections (cash) -2,930 -3,443

Change in obligated balances:
73.10 Total new obligations -2,760 -2,803
73.20 Total outlays (gross) 2,760 2,803

Outlays (gross), detail:
86.97 Outlays from new mandatory authority -2,930 -3,613
86.98 Outlays from mandatory balances 170 810



87.00 Total outlays (gross) -2,760 -2,803

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (cash) from:
88.00 Federal sources 2,641 2,682
88.40 Non-Federal sources 289 761



88.90 Total, offsetting collections (cash) 2,930 3,443

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority
90.00 Outlays 170 640

Federal Direct Student Loan Program Account

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91-0243-0-1-502 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Obligations by program activity:
00.05 Upward Reestimate 1,081 3,273
00.06 Interest on Upward Reestimate 305 209
00.09 Administrative expenses 12 7



10.00 Total new obligations 1,398 3,489

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
21.40 Unobligated balance carried forward, start of year 2 7
22.00 New budget authority (gross) 1,386 3,482
22.10 Resources available from recoveries of prior year obligations 17



23.90 Total budgetary resources available for obligation 1,405 3,489
23.95 Total new obligations -1,398 -3,489



24.40 Unobligated balance carried forward, end of year 7

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Mandatory:
60.00 Appropriation (indefinite) - loan subsidy 1,386
60.00 Appropriation (indefinite) - Upward reestimate 3,482
60.00 Appropriation



62.50 Appropriation (total mandatory) 1,386 3,482

Change in obligated balances:
72.40 Obligated balance, start of year 38 13 5
73.10 Total new obligations 1,398 3,489
73.20 Total outlays (gross) -1,406 -3,497 -3
73.45 Recoveries of prior year obligations -17



74.40 Obligated balance, end of year 13 5 2

Outlays (gross), detail:
86.97 Outlays from new mandatory authority 1,386 3,482
86.98 Outlays from mandatory balances 20 15 3



87.00 Total outlays (gross) 1,406 3,497 3

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority 1,386 3,482
90.00 Outlays 1,406 3,497 3

Summary of Budget Authority and Outlays (in millions of dollars)


2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Enacted/requested:
Budget Authority 1,386 3,482
Outlays 1,406 3,497 3
Legislative proposal, subject to PAYGO:
Budget Authority 1,692
Outlays 1,692
Total:
Budget Authority 1,386 5,174
Outlays 1,406 5,189 3

Summary of Loan Levels, Subsidy Budget Authority and Outlays by Program (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91-0243-0-1-502 2009 actual 2010 est. 2011 est.

Direct loan levels supportable by subsidy budget authority:
115001 Stafford 9,691 15,681 16,572
115002 Unsubsidized Stafford 11,350 19,327 20,677
115003 PLUS 3,910 6,752 7,239
115004 Consolidation 13,997 14,790 17,325



115999 Total direct loan levels 38,948 56,550 61,813
Direct loan subsidy (in percent):
132001 Stafford -2.02 7.82 10.30
132002 Unsubsidized Stafford -27.85 -17.19 -16.79
132003 PLUS -28.31 -21.47 -21.54
132004 Consolidation -9.75 -2.34 -4.33



132999 Weighted average subsidy rate -14.96 -6.88 -6.59
Direct loan subsidy budget authority:
133001 Stafford -196 1,226 1,707
133002 Unsubsidized Stafford -3,161 -3,322 -3,472
133003 PLUS -1,107 -1,450 -1,559
133004 Consolidation -1,365 -346 -750



133999 Total subsidy budget authority -5,828 -3,892 -4,074
Direct loan subsidy outlays:
134001 Stafford 164 693 1,396
134002 Unsubsidized Stafford -2,382 -2,903 -2,986
134003 PLUS -848 -1,261 -1,439
134004 Consolidation -1,337 -353 -748