DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

Office of the Secretary

Federal Funds

Production, Processing and Marketing

office of the secretary

For necessary expenses of the Office of the Secretary of Agriculture, [$4,550,000] $5,051,000: Provided, That not to exceed $11,000 of this amount shall be available for official reception and representation expenses, not otherwise provided for, as determined by the Secretary.

Office of the Assistant Secretary for Civil Rights

For necessary expenses of the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Civil Rights, [$848,000] $893,000.

Office of the Assistant Secretary for Administration

For necessary expenses of the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Administration, [$764,000] $804,000.

Office of Tribal Relations

For necessary expenses of the Office of Tribal Relations, [$448,000] $498,000, to support communication and consultation activities with Federally Recognized Tribes, as well as other requirements established by law.

Office of the Assistant Secretary for Congressional Relations

(including transfers of funds)

For necessary expenses of the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Congressional Relations to carry out the programs funded by this Act, including programs involving intergovernmental affairs and liaison within the executive branch, [$3,576,000] $3,869,000: Provided, That these funds may be transferred to agencies of the Department of Agriculture funded by this Act to maintain personnel at the agency level[: Provided further, That no funds made available by this appropriation may be obligated after 30 days from the date of enactment of this Act, unless the Secretary has notified the Committees on Appropriations of both Houses of Congress on the allocation of these funds by USDA agency: Provided further, That no other funds appropriated to the Department by this Act shall be available to the Department for support of activities of congressional relations].

Office of the Under Secretary for Research, Education and Economics

For necessary expenses of the Office of the Under Secretary for Research, Education and Economics, [$848,000] $893,000.

Office of the Under Secretary for Marketing and Regulatory Programs

For necessary expenses of the Office of the Under Secretary for Marketing and Regulatory Programs, [$848,000] $893,000.

Office of the Under Secretary for Food Safety

For necessary expenses of the Office of the Under Secretary for Food Safety, [$770,000] $811,000.

Office of the Under Secretary for Farm and Foreign Agricultural Services

For necessary expenses of the Office of the Under Secretary for Farm and Foreign Agricultural Services, [$848,000] $893,000.

Office of the Under Secretary for Natural Resources and Environment

For necessary expenses of the Office of the Under Secretary for Natural Resources and Environment, [$848,000] $893,000.

Office of the Under Secretary for Rural Development

For necessary expenses of the Office of the Under Secretary for Rural Development, [$848,000] $893,000.

Office of the Under Secretary for Food, Nutrition and Consumer Services

For necessary expenses of the Office of the Under Secretary for Food, Nutrition and Consumer Services, [$770,000] $811,000. (Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2012.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–9913–0–1–352 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Office of the Secretary 4 4 4
0002 Under/Assistant Secretaries 12 11 12
0003 Trade negotiations and biotechnology resources 1 1 1



0799 Total direct obligations 17 16 17
0802 Reimbursable program 6 10 10



0900 Total new obligations 23 26 27

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 1 1 2
1021 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations 1 1



1050 Unobligated balance (total) 1 2 3
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 15 16 17



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 15 16 17
Spending authority from offsetting collections, discretionary:
1700 Collected 2 5 5
1701 Change in uncollected payments, Federal sources 7 5 5



1750 Spending auth from offsetting collections, disc (total) 9 10 10
1900 Budget authority (total) 24 26 27
1930 Total budgetary resources available 25 28 30
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1940 Unobligated balance expiring –1
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 1 2 3

Change in obligated balance:
Obligated balance, start of year (net):
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 (gross) 9 8 7
3010 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, brought forward, Oct 1 –14 –19 –24



3020 Obligated balance, start of year (net) –5 –11 –17
3030 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 23 26 27
3031 Obligations incurred, expired accounts 1
3040 Outlays (gross) –25 –26 –29
3050 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired –7 –5 –5
3051 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, expired 2
3080 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, unexpired –1 –1
Obligated balance, end of year (net):
3090 Unpaid obligations, end of year (gross) 8 7 4
3091 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, end of year –19 –24 –29



3100 Obligated balance, end of year (net) –11 –17 –25

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 24 26 27
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 19 23 24
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 6 3 5



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 25 26 29
Offsets against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (collected) from:
4030 Federal sources –5 –5 –5
Additional offsets against gross budget authority only:
4050 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired –7 –5 –5
4052 Offsetting collections credited to expired accounts 3



4060 Additional offsets against budget authority only (total) –4 –5 –5



4070 Budget authority, net (discretionary) 15 16 17
4080 Outlays, net (discretionary) 20 21 24
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 15 16 17
4190 Outlays, net (total) 20 21 24

The Office of the Secretary is responsible for the overall planning, coordination and administration of the Department's programs. This includes the Secretary, Deputy Secretary, Under Secretaries, Assistant Secretaries, and their immediate staffs, who provide top policy guidance for the Department; maintain relationships with agricultural organizations and others in the development of farm programs; and provide liaison with the Executive Office of the President and Members of Congress on all matters pertaining to agricultural policy.

Funds are proposed for the Office of the Secretary's account for (1) negotiating and monitoring trade agreements; and (2) for technical trade support in the areas of biotechnology, sanitary and phyto-sanitary issues. The 2013 Budget requests $17 million, a slight increase above the 2012 enacted level.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–9913–0–1–352 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Direct obligations:
11.1 Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent 11 9 10
12.1 Civilian personnel benefits 3 2 3
21.0 Travel and transportation of persons 1 1 1
23.3 Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous charges 1 1 1
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 1 3 2



99.0 Direct obligations 17 16 17
99.0 Reimbursable obligations 6 10 10



99.9 Total new obligations 23 26 27

Employment Summary


Identification code 12–9913–0–1–352 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

1001 Direct civilian full-time equivalent employment 80 62 66
2001 Reimbursable civilian full-time equivalent employment 38 64 58

Trust Funds

Gifts and Bequests

Special and Trust Fund Receipts (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–8203–0–7–352 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

0100 Balance, start of year 1
Receipts:
0220 Gifts and Bequests, Departmental Administration 1 1



0400 Total: Balances and collections 1 2



0799 Balance, end of year 1 2

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–8203–0–7–352 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Gifts and bequests 1 1



0900 Total new obligations (object class 99.5) 1 1

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 3 3 2
1930 Total budgetary resources available 3 3 2
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 3 2 1

Change in obligated balance:
Obligated balance, start of year (net):
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 (gross) 1
3030 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 1 1
Obligated balance, end of year (net):
3090 Unpaid obligations, end of year (gross) 1 2



3100 Obligated balance, end of year (net) 1 2

The Secretary is authorized to accept and administer gifts and bequests of real and personal property to facilitate the work of the Department. Property and the proceeds thereof are used in accordance with the terms of the gift or bequest (7 U.S.C. 2269).

Executive Operations

Federal Funds

Common Computing Environment

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–0113–0–1–352 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 4 1 1
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1131 Unobligated balance of appropriations permanently reduced –3



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) –3
1900 Budget authority (total) –3
1930 Total budgetary resources available 1 1 1
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 1 1 1

Change in obligated balance:
Obligated balance, start of year (net):
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 (gross) 5
3040 Outlays (gross) –5

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross –3
Outlays, gross:
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 5
4180 Budget authority, net (total) –3
4190 Outlays, net (total) 5

The Common Computing Environment provides the shared information technology platform for the three Service Center Agencies (the Farm Service Agency, the Natural Resources Conservation Service, and the Rural Development agencies).

Working Capital Fund

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–4609–0–4–352 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0801 Administration 46 41 42
0802 Communications 5 4 4
0803 Finance and management 324 310 316
0804 Information technology 438 427 438
0805 Executive secretariat 3 4 4



0809 Reimbursable program activities, subtotal 816 786 804
0812 Finance and management 24 23 16
0813 Information technology 12 10 10



0819 Reimbursable program activities, subtotal 36 33 26



0900 Total new obligations 852 819 830

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 82 116 67
1021 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations 21



1050 Unobligated balance (total) 103 116 67
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1121 Transferred from other accounts [12–2081] 1
1121 Transferred from other accounts OBPA [12–9915] 1



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 2
Spending authority from offsetting collections, discretionary:
1700 Collected 809 770 780
1701 Change in uncollected payments, Federal sources 54



1750 Spending auth from offsetting collections, disc (total) 863 770 780
1900 Budget authority (total) 865 770 780
1930 Total budgetary resources available 968 886 847
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 116 67 17

Change in obligated balance:
Obligated balance, start of year (net):
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 (gross) 263 242 165
3010 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, brought forward, Oct 1 –215 –269 –269



3020 Obligated balance, start of year (net) 48 –27 –104
3030 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 852 819 830
3040 Outlays (gross) –852 –896 –779
3050 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired –54
3080 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, unexpired –21
Obligated balance, end of year (net):
3090 Unpaid obligations, end of year (gross) 242 165 216
3091 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, end of year –269 –269 –269



3100 Obligated balance, end of year (net) –27 –104 –53

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 865 770 780
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 614 666 675
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 238 230 104



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 852 896 779
Offsets against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (collected) from:
4030 Federal sources –797 –770 –780
4033 Non-Federal sources –12



4040 Offsets against gross budget authority and outlays (total) –809 –770 –780
Additional offsets against gross budget authority only:
4050 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired –54



4070 Budget authority, net (discretionary) 2
4080 Outlays, net (discretionary) 43 126 –1
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 2
4190 Outlays, net (total) 43 126 –1

This fund finances, by advances or reimbursements, certain central services in the Department of Agriculture, including duplicating and other visual information services; broadcast media services; supply services; centralized financial management systems; centralized automated data processing systems for payroll, personnel, and related services; voucher payments services; telecommunications services; and information technology systems.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–4609–0–4–352 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Reimbursable obligations:
Personnel compensation:
11.1 Full-time permanent - OCFO 88 93 104
11.1 Full-time permanent - OCIO 82 89 89
11.1 Full-time permanent - DA OES OC 14 12 13
11.5 Other personnel compensation - OCFO 6 6 6
11.5 Other personnel compensation - OCIO 3 3 3
11.5 Other personnel compensation - DA OES OC 1 1 1



11.9 Total personnel compensation 194 204 216
12.1 Civilian personnel benefits CFO 28 32 34
12.1 Civilian personnel benefits IT 23 26 26
12.1 Civilian personnel benefits - DA OES OC 4 5 5
21.0 Travel and transportation of persons OCFO 1 2 2
21.0 Travel and transportation of persons - OCIO 3 4 4
22.0 Transportation of things - DA OES OC 1 1 1
23.1 Rental payments to GSA - OCFO 9 1 1
23.1 Rental payments to GSA - OCIO 4 6 6
23.1 Rental payments to GSA - DA OES OC 1 1 1
23.2 Rental payments to others - OCFO 9 5 5
23.2 Rental payments to others - OCIO 17
23.3 Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous charges - OCFO 5 70 72
23.3 Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous charges - OCIO 68 6 6
23.3 Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous charges - DA OES OC 3 2 3
24.0 Printing and reproduction 1
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 6 6
25.3 Other goods and services from Federal sources - OCFO 146 132 123
25.3 Other goods and services from Federal sources - OCIO 155 173 182
25.3 Other goods and services from Federal sources - DA OES OC 23 22 21
25.4 Operation and maintenance of facilities 2 2 2
25.7 Operation and maintenance of equipment - OCFO 21 24 25
25.7 Operation and maintenance of equipment - OCIO 41 45 47
25.7 Operation and maintenance of equipment - DA OES OC 1 2 2
26.0 Supplies and materials - OCFO 2 1 2
26.0 Supplies and materials - OCIO 6 3 3
26.0 Supplies and materials - DA OES OC 5 3 3
31.0 Equipment - OCFO 31 27 19
31.0 Equipment - OCIO 48 14 13



99.9 Total new obligations 852 819 830

Employment Summary


Identification code 12–4609–0–4–352 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

2001 Reimbursable civilian full-time equivalent employment 2,362 2,617 2,736

Office of Chief Economist

Federal Funds

Executive Operations

office of the chief economist

For necessary expenses of the Office of the Chief Economist, [$11,177,000] $12,008,000. (Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2012.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–0123–0–1–352 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Direct program activity 12 11 12
0801 Reimbursable program activity - other 1 1 1
0802 Reimbursable program activity (Biodiesel Fuel Education Program) 1



0899 Total reimbursable obligations 1 2 1



0900 Total new obligations 13 13 13

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 1
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 12 11 12



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 12 11 12
Appropriations, mandatory:
1221 Transferred from other accounts [12–4336] 1 1



1260 Appropriations, mandatory (total) 1 1
Spending authority from offsetting collections, discretionary:
1700 Collected 2 2
1701 Change in uncollected payments, Federal sources 1



1750 Spending auth from offsetting collections, disc (total) 1 2 2
1900 Budget authority (total) 14 14 14
1930 Total budgetary resources available 14 14 15
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1940 Unobligated balance expiring –1
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 1 2

Change in obligated balance:
Obligated balance, start of year (net):
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 (gross) 6 6 5
3010 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, brought forward, Oct 1 –2 –2 –2



3020 Obligated balance, start of year (net) 4 4 3
3030 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 13 13 13
3040 Outlays (gross) –13 –14 –15
3050 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired –1
3051 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, expired 1
Obligated balance, end of year (net):
3090 Unpaid obligations, end of year (gross) 6 5 3
3091 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, end of year –2 –2 –2



3100 Obligated balance, end of year (net) 4 3 1

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 13 13 14
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 9 12 13
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 4 1 2



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 13 13 15
Offsets against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (collected) from:
4030 Federal sources –1 –2 –2
Additional offsets against gross budget authority only:
4050 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired –1
4052 Offsetting collections credited to expired accounts 1



4070 Budget authority, net (discretionary) 12 11 12
4080 Outlays, net (discretionary) 12 11 13
Mandatory:
4090 Budget authority, gross 1 1
Outlays, gross:
4100 Outlays from new mandatory authority 1
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 13 12 12
4190 Outlays, net (total) 12 12 13

The Office of the Chief Economist advises the Secretary of Agriculture on the economic implications of Department policies, programs and proposed legislation. The Office serves as a focal point for USDA's economic intelligence and analysis; projections related to agricultural commodity markets; risk assessment and cost-benefit analysis related to domestic and international food and agriculture; policy direction for renewable energy development; coordination, analysis and advice on climate change and environmental market activities; and is responsible for coordination and review of all commodity and aggregate agricultural and food-related data used to develop outlook and situation material within the Department. The 2013 Budget requests $12 million, a slight increase above the 2012 enacted level.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–0123–0–1–352 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Direct obligations:
11.1 Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent 7 7 7
12.1 Civilian personnel benefits 2 2 2
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 3 2 3



99.0 Direct obligations 12 11 12
99.0 Reimbursable obligations 1 2 1



99.9 Total new obligations 13 13 13

Employment Summary


Identification code 12–0123–0–1–352 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

1001 Direct civilian full-time equivalent employment 52 53 53

National Appeals Division

Federal Funds

National Appeals Division

For necessary expenses of the National Appeals Division, [$12,841,000] $14,225,000. (Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2012.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–0706–0–1–352 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 National Appeals Division 14 13 14

Budgetary Resources:
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 14 13 14



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 14 13 14
1930 Total budgetary resources available 14 13 14

Change in obligated balance:
Obligated balance, start of year (net):
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 (gross) 3 4 4
3030 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 14 13 14
3040 Outlays (gross) –13 –13 –14
Obligated balance, end of year (net):
3090 Unpaid obligations, end of year (gross) 4 4 4



3100 Obligated balance, end of year (net) 4 4 4

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 14 13 14
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 12 10 11
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 1 3 3



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 13 13 14
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 14 13 14
4190 Outlays, net (total) 13 13 14

The National Appeals Division (NAD) is responsible for listening to farmers and other rural program participants concerning their disputes with certain agencies within the Department of Agriculture through fair and impartial administrative hearings and appeals. The 2013 Budget requests $14 million, a $1.4 million increase above the 2012 enacted level. This increase is needed to ensure that NAD can carry out its full range of responsibilities and to meet statutory deadlines, workload requirements, and demands for deciding complex cases on a timely basis throughout the United States.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–0706–0–1–352 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Direct obligations:
11.1 Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent 11 11 11
12.1 Civilian personnel benefits 2 2 2
25.1 Advisory and assistance services 1 1



99.9 Total new obligations 14 13 14

Employment Summary


Identification code 12–0706–0–1–352 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

1001 Direct civilian full-time equivalent employment 92 90 102

Office of Civil Rights

Federal Funds

Office of Civil Rights

For necessary expenses of the Office of Civil Rights, [$21,000,000] $22,692,000. (Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2012.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–3800–0–1–352 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Direct program activity 23 21 23
0801 Reimbursable program activity 1 1 1



0900 Total new obligations 24 22 24

Budgetary Resources:
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 23 21 23



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 23 21 23
Spending authority from offsetting collections, discretionary:
1700 Collected 1 1
1701 Change in uncollected payments, Federal sources 1



1750 Spending auth from offsetting collections, disc (total) 1 1 1
1900 Budget authority (total) 24 22 24
1930 Total budgetary resources available 24 22 24

Change in obligated balance:
Obligated balance, start of year (net):
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 (gross) 11 6 2
3010 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, brought forward, Oct 1 –16 –7 –7



3020 Obligated balance, start of year (net) –5 –1 –5
3030 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 24 22 24
3040 Outlays (gross) –28 –26 –25
3050 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired –1
3051 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, expired 10
3081 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, expired –1
Obligated balance, end of year (net):
3090 Unpaid obligations, end of year (gross) 6 2 1
3091 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, end of year –7 –7 –7



3100 Obligated balance, end of year (net) –1 –5 –6

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 24 22 24
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 21 21 23
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 7 5 2



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 28 26 25
Offsets against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (collected) from:
4030 Federal sources –12 –1 –1
Additional offsets against gross budget authority only:
4050 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired –1
4052 Offsetting collections credited to expired accounts 12



4060 Additional offsets against budget authority only (total) 11



4070 Budget authority, net (discretionary) 23 21 23
4080 Outlays, net (discretionary) 16 25 24
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 23 21 23
4190 Outlays, net (total) 16 25 24

Summary of Budget Authority and Outlays (in millions of dollars)


2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Enacted/requested:
Budget Authority 23 21 23
Outlays 16 25 24
Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO:
Budget Authority 40
Outlays 30
Total:
Budget Authority 23 21 63
Outlays 16 25 54

The Office of Civil Rights provides overall leadership responsibility for all Department-wide civil rights activities, including employment opportunity and program non-discrimination policy development, analysis, coordination, and compliance. The Office is responsible for providing leadership in the implementation of best practices that will create an environment where a diverse workforce is valued as a source of strength. The Office has the responsibility for monitoring program activities to ensure that all USDA programs are delivered in a non-discriminatory manner. The 2013 Budget requests $23 million, an increase of $1.7 million above the 2012 enacted level. The increase will be used to support the EEO services contract for conflict cases; support the administrative personnel contract; increase USDA-wide civil rights training; increase EEO and compliance reviews; and increase field program complaint investigations.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–3800–0–1–352 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Direct obligations:
11.1 Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent 12 13 13
12.1 Civilian personnel benefits 4 4 4
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 3 1 3
25.3 Other goods and services from Federal sources 3 3 3



99.0 Direct obligations 22 21 23
99.0 Reimbursable obligations 1 1 1
99.5 Below reporting threshold 1



99.9 Total new obligations 24 22 24

Employment Summary


Identification code 12–3800–0–1–352 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

1001 Direct civilian full-time equivalent employment 128 134 134

Office of Civil Rights

(Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–3800–2–1–352 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Settlement of discrimination claims 30



0900 Total new obligations (object class 42.0) 30

Budgetary Resources:
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 40



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 40
1930 Total budgetary resources available 40
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 10

Change in obligated balance:
3030 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 30
3040 Outlays (gross) –30

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 40
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 30
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 40
4190 Outlays, net (total) 30

This funding is requested to settle claims of discrimination filed between July 1, 1997 and October 31, 2009 arising out of the delivery of USDA credit programs. The Department has determined that many claims were inadequately resolved during the applicable two-year statute of limitations under the Equal Credit Opportunity Act. As a result, USDA is requesting the funding above and will also request necessary legislative authority to extend the statute of limitations for these claims so they can be properly resolved.

Departmental Management

Federal Funds

Departmental Administration

(including transfers of funds)

For Departmental Administration, [$24,165,000] $29,647,000, to provide for necessary expenses for management support services to offices of the Department and for general administration, security, repairs and alterations, and other miscellaneous supplies and expenses not otherwise provided for and necessary for the practical and efficient work of the Department: Provided, That this appropriation shall be reimbursed from applicable appropriations in this Act for travel expenses incident to the holding of hearings as required by 5 U.S.C. 551–558.

Office of the Chief Information Officer

For necessary expenses of the Office of the Chief Information Officer, $44,031,000.

Office of the Chief Financial Officer

For necessary expenses of the Office of the Chief Financial Officer, [$5,650,000] $6,247,000: Provided, That no funds made available by this appropriation may be obligated for FAIR Act or Circular A-76 activities until the Secretary has submitted to the Committees on Appropriations of both Houses of Congress and the Committee on Oversight and Government Reform of the House of Representatives a report on the Department's contracting out policies, including agency budgets for contracting out.

Office of Budget and Program Analysis

For necessary expenses of the Office of Budget and Program Analysis, [$8,946,000] $9,049,000.

Office of Homeland Security and Emergency Coordination

For necessary expenses of the Office of Homeland Security and Emergency Coordination, [$1,321,000] $1,496,000.

Office of Advocacy and Outreach

For necessary expenses of the Office of Advocacy and Outreach, [$1,209,000] $1,422,000. (Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2012.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–9915–0–1–350 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Office of Advocacy and Outreach 1 1 1
0004 Office of the Chief Financial Officer 6 6 6
0005 Office of Budget and Program Analysis 8 9 9
0006 Office of the Chief Information Officer 40 44 44
0007 Departmental Administration 30 26 30
0008 Office of Homeland Security and Emergency Coordination 1 1 2
0009 Outreach and Technical Assistance Program 20 20



0799 Total direct obligations 106 107 92
0801 Reimbursable program activity 83 88 82



0900 Total new obligations 189 195 174

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 5 7 3
1021 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations 2



1050 Unobligated balance (total) 7 7 3
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 88 85 92
1120 Appropriations transferred to other accts [12–4609] –1
1131 Unobligated balance of appropriations permanently reduced –1 –4



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 86 81 92
Appropriations, mandatory:
1221 Appropriations transferred from other accts [12–4336] 22 22



1260 Appropriations, mandatory (total) 22 22
Spending authority from offsetting collections, discretionary:
1700 Collected 40 88 83
1701 Change in uncollected payments, Federal sources 45



1750 Spending auth from offsetting collections, disc (total) 85 88 83
1900 Budget authority (total) 193 191 175
1930 Total budgetary resources available 200 198 178
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1940 Unobligated balance expiring –4
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 7 3 4

Change in obligated balance:
Obligated balance, start of year (net):
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 (gross) 138 104 34
3010 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, brought forward, Oct 1 –146 –142 –142



3020 Obligated balance, start of year (net) –8 –38 –108
3030 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 189 195 174
3031 Obligations incurred, expired accounts 13
3040 Outlays (gross) –222 –265 –196
3050 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired –45
3051 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, expired 49
3080 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, unexpired –2
3081 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, expired –12
Obligated balance, end of year (net):
3090 Unpaid obligations, end of year (gross) 104 34 12
3091 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, end of year –142 –142 –142



3100 Obligated balance, end of year (net) –38 –108 –130

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 171 169 175
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 127 166 172
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 89 77 24



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 216 243 196
Offsets against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (collected) from:
4030 Federal sources –92 –88 –83
Additional offsets against gross budget authority only:
4050 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired –45
4052 Offsetting collections credited to expired accounts 52



4060 Additional offsets against budget authority only (total) 7



4070 Budget authority, net (discretionary) 86 81 92
4080 Outlays, net (discretionary) 124 155 113
Mandatory:
4090 Budget authority, gross 22 22
Outlays, gross:
4100 Outlays from new mandatory authority 1 22
4101 Outlays from mandatory balances 5



4110 Outlays, gross (total) 6 22
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 108 103 92
4190 Outlays, net (total) 130 177 113

Summary of Budget Authority and Outlays (in millions of dollars)


2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Enacted/requested:
Budget Authority 108 103 92
Outlays 130 177 113
Legislative proposal, subject to PAYGO:
Outlays –1
Total:
Budget Authority 108 103 92
Outlays 130 177 112

Departmental Management comprises the following offices:

Departmental Administration includes offices that provide staff support to policy officials and overall direction and coordination of the Department. These activities include Department-wide programs for human resources management, ethics, occupational safety and health management, real and personal property management, acquisitions and contracting, motor vehicle and aircraft management, supply management, participation of small and disadvantaged businesses, service-disabled veterans programs, and the regulatory hearing and administrative proceedings conducted by the Administrative Law Judges, and Judicial Officer. The 2013 Budget requests $30 million, an increase of $5.5 million above the 2012 enacted level.

The Clinger-Cohen Act of 1996 required the establishment of a Chief Information Officer (CIO) for all major Federal agencies. The Act requires USDA to maximize the value of information technology acquisitions to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of USDA programs. To meet the intent of the law and to provide a Departmental focus for information resources management issues, Secretary's Memorandum 1030–30, dated August 8, 1996, established the Office of the Chief Information Officer (OCIO). The CIO serves as the primary advisor to the Secretary on Information Technology (IT) issues. OCIO provides leadership for the Department's information and IT management activities in support of USDA program delivery. The 2013 Budget requests $44 million for OCIO, the same amount that was provided in the 2012 enacted level.

The Office of the Chief Financial Officer (OCFO) was established in 1995 under authority provided in Reorganization Plan Number 2 of 1953 (7 U.S.C. 2201) to comply with the Chief Financial Officers Act of 1990. The OCFO focuses on the Department's financial and performance management activities to improve program delivery and assure maximum contribution to the Secretary's Strategic Goals. The 2013 Budget requests $6 million, a slight increase above the 2012 enacted level.

The Office of Budget and Program Analysis (OBPA) coordinates the preparation of Departmental budget estimates, regulations, and legislative reports; administers systems for the allotment and apportionment of funds; provides analysis of USDA program issues, draft regulations, and budget proposals; participates in strategic planning; and provides assistance to USDA policy makers in the development and execution of desired policies and programs. The 2013 Budget requests $9 million, a slight increase above the 2012 enacted level.

The Office of Homeland Security and Emergency Coordination formulates emergency preparedness policies and objectives for USDA. The Staff directs and coordinates all of the Department's program activities that support USDA emergency programs and liaison functions with the Congress, the Department of Homeland Security, and other Federal Departments and agencies involving homeland security, natural disasters, other emergencies, and agriculture-related international civil emergency planning and intelligence activities. The 2013 Budget requests $1.5 million, a slight increase above the 2012 enacted level.

The Office of Advocacy and Outreach (OAO) improves access to USDA programs and enhances the viability and profitability of small farms and ranches, beginning farmers and ranchers, and socially disadvantaged farmers and ranchers ensuring that the Department and its programs are open and transparent . The Department is committed to ensuring that all USDA constituents, including historically underserved groups, have the opportunity to participate in and benefit from the programs offered by the Department. The 2013 Budget requests $1.4 million, a slight increase above the 2012 enacted level.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–9915–0–1–350 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Direct obligations:
11.1 Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent 44 38 41
12.1 Civilian personnel benefits 11 10 11
21.0 Travel and transportation of persons 6 5 1
23.3 Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous charges 2 2 1
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 26 37 26
25.3 Other goods and services from Federal sources 14 14 11
26.0 Supplies and materials 1 1 1
31.0 Equipment 1 1



99.0 Direct obligations 105 108 92
99.0 Reimbursable obligations 82 86 81
99.5 Below reporting threshold 2 1 1



99.9 Total new obligations 189 195 174

Employment Summary


Identification code 12–9915–0–1–350 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

1001 Direct civilian full-time equivalent employment 368 350 389
2001 Reimbursable civilian full-time equivalent employment 142 212 179

Departmental Administration

(Legislative proposal, subject to PAYGO)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–9915–4–1–350 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Budgetary Resources:
Budget authority:
Spending authority from offsetting collections, mandatory:
1800 Collected 1



1850 Spending auth from offsetting collections, mand (total) 1
1930 Total budgetary resources available 1
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 1

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Mandatory:
4090 Budget authority, gross 1
Offsets against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (collected) from:
4123 Non-Federal sources –1
4190 Outlays, net (total) –1

USDA's BioPreferred Program is charged with administering the voluntary USDA Certified Biobased Product label, which was mandated by both the 2002 and 2008 Farm Bills. In 2011, USDA authorized the use of a label for biobased products that producers can use in advertising their products. To ensure the integrity of the label, the Budget requests authority for USDA to: (1) impose civil penalties on companies who misuse the label; and (2) assess each producer who applies to use the label a fee to fund a program audit. This fee, which will begin to be collected once authorizing legislation is enacted, has been given broad support by potential users who commented on the labels proposed rule, which was issued in May 2010.

Hazardous Materials Management

(including transfers of funds)

For necessary expenses of the Department of Agriculture, to comply with the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (42 U.S.C. 9601 et seq.) and the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (42 U.S.C. 6901 et seq.), [$3,592,000] $3,992,000, to remain available until expended: Provided, That appropriations and funds available herein to the Department for Hazardous Materials Management may be transferred to any agency of the Department for its use in meeting all requirements pursuant to the above Acts on Federal and non-Federal lands. (Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2012.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–0500–0–1–304 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Hazardous materials management 6 4 4

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 1 1
1020 Adjustment of unobligated bal brought forward, Oct 1 1
1021 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations 2



1050 Unobligated balance (total) 3 1 1
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 4 4 4



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 4 4 4
1930 Total budgetary resources available 7 5 5
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 1 1 1

Change in obligated balance:
Obligated balance, start of year (net):
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 (gross) 20 16 5
3030 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 6 4 4
3040 Outlays (gross) –8 –15 –9
3080 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, unexpired –2
Obligated balance, end of year (net):
3090 Unpaid obligations, end of year (gross) 16 5



3100 Obligated balance, end of year (net) 16 5

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 4 4 4
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 2 4 4
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 6 11 5



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 8 15 9
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 4 4 4
4190 Outlays, net (total) 8 15 9

Under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act and the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act, the Department has the responsibility to meet the same standards for environmental cleanup and regulatory compliance regarding hazardous wastes and hazardous substances as private businesses. With substantial commitments under these Acts, the Hazardous Materials Management account was established as a central fund so that the Department's agencies may be reimbursed for their cleanup efforts. The Department determines what projects to fund by using objective criteria that identify what sites pose the greatest threats to public health and the environment. The 2013 Budget requests $3.9 million, a slight increase above the 2012 enacted level.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–0500–0–1–304 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Direct obligations:
11.1 Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent 1 1 1
25.3 Other goods and services from Federal sources 5 3 3



99.9 Total new obligations 6 4 4

Employment Summary


Identification code 12–0500–0–1–304 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

1001 Direct civilian full-time equivalent employment 6 7 7

Agriculture Buildings and Facilities and Rental Payments

(including transfers of funds)

For payment of space rental and related costs pursuant to Public Law 92–313, including authorities pursuant to the 1984 delegation of authority from the Administrator of General Services to the Department of Agriculture under 40 U.S.C. 486, for programs and activities of the Department which are included in this Act, and for alterations and other actions needed for the Department and its agencies to consolidate unneeded space into configurations suitable for release to the Administrator of General Services, and for the operation, maintenance, improvement, and repair of Agriculture buildings and facilities, and for related costs, [$230,416,000] $244,057,000, to remain available until expended, of which [$164,470,000] $189,167,000 shall be available for payments to the General Services Administration for rent [; of which $13,800,000] and for payments to the Department of Homeland Security for building security activities; and of which [$52,146,000] $54,890,000 is for buildings operations and maintenance expenses: Provided, That the Secretary may use unobligated prior year balances of an agency or office that are no longer available for new obligation to cover shortfalls incurred in prior year rental payments for such agency or office: Provided further, That the Secretary is authorized to transfer funds from a Departmental agency to this account to recover the full cost of the space and security expenses of that agency that are funded by this account when the actual costs exceed the agency estimate which will be available for the activities and payments described herein. (Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2012.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–0117–0–1–352 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Rental payments to GSA: Non-recurring repairs 168 175 176
0002 Building operations and maintenance 75 41 43
0003 Homeland Security 13 14 13
0004 DHS building security 14 12 12
0005 Building Renovations -ARRA 2



0799 Total direct obligations 272 242 244
0802 Reimbursable program 4 3 3



0900 Total new obligations 276 245 247

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 78 12
1021 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations 2



1050 Unobligated balance (total) 80 12
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 247 230 244
1131 Unobligated balance of appropriations permanently reduced –45



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 202 230 244
Spending authority from offsetting collections, discretionary:
1700 Collected 6 3 3



1750 Spending auth from offsetting collections, disc (total) 6 3 3
1900 Budget authority (total) 208 233 247
1930 Total budgetary resources available 288 245 247
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 12

Change in obligated balance:
Obligated balance, start of year (net):
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 (gross) 14 71 12
3010 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, brought forward, Oct 1 –8 –8 –8



3020 Obligated balance, start of year (net) 6 63 4
3030 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 276 245 247
3031 Obligations incurred, expired accounts 2 2
3040 Outlays (gross) –219 –306 –247
3080 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, unexpired –2
Obligated balance, end of year (net):
3090 Unpaid obligations, end of year (gross) 71 12 12
3091 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, end of year –8 –8 –8



3100 Obligated balance, end of year (net) 63 4 4

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 208 233 247
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 204 230 244
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 15 76 3



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 219 306 247
Offsets against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (collected) from:
4030 Federal sources –6 –3 –3
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 202 230 244
4190 Outlays, net (total) 213 303 244

Unfunded deficiencies:
7000 Unfunded deficiency, start of year –30 –6
Change in deficiency during the year:
7012 Available budgetary resources used to liquidate deficiencies 24 6



7020 Unfunded deficiency, end of year –6

This account finances the General Services Administration's fees for rental of space and the Department of Homeland Security's security-related fees. The appropriation covers all fees for all regular appropriated accounts within the Department of Agriculture with the exception of the Forest Service. This account also finances the day to day operations, repair, improvement and maintenance activities of two buildings in the Headquarters complex and the George Washington Carver Center in Beltsville, Md.

Deficiency in Rental Payments


$ Millions 2011 FY2012 FY2013

Deficiency, start of year –30 –6
Unobligated balances applied to deficiency 15 –6
Adjusted deficiency –14
Appropriation applied to deficiency 9
Anticipated reduction of deficiency
Deficiency, end of year –6

The 2013 Budget requests $244 million, an increase of $13.6 million above the 2012 enacted level. The increase includes $11 million for rental payments to GSA, a decrease of $0.327 million for payments to the Department of Homeland Security, and an increase of $2.7 million to cover operation, maintenance, major and minor repairs in the 2 building D.C. headquarters complex and the George Washington Carver Center in Beltsville, MD. This account has a deficiency due to prior year shortfalls in rental payments incurred between 2004 and 2008. USDA successfully reduced the deficiency from $24 million to $6 million in 2011 and anticipates paying off the remainder of the deficiency in 2012.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–0117–0–1–352 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Direct obligations:
11.1 Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent 8 8 8
12.1 Civilian personnel benefits 2 2 2
23.1 Rental payments to GSA 167 176 176
23.3 Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous charges 11 11 11
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 71 32 34
25.3 Other goods and services from Federal sources 13 13 13



99.0 Direct obligations 272 242 244
99.0 Reimbursable obligations 4 3 3



99.9 Total new obligations 276 245 247

Employment Summary


Identification code 12–0117–0–1–352 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

1001 Direct civilian full-time equivalent employment 88 92 92

Office of Communications

Federal Funds

Office of Communications

For necessary expenses of the Office of Communications, [$8,065,000] $9,006,000. (Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2012.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–0150–0–1–352 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Public affairs 9 8 9

Budgetary Resources:
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 9 8 9



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 9 8 9
1930 Total budgetary resources available 9 8 9

Change in obligated balance:
Obligated balance, start of year (net):
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 (gross) 1
3010 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, brought forward, Oct 1 –1 –1 –1



3020 Obligated balance, start of year (net) –1 –1
3030 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 9 8 9
3040 Outlays (gross) –10 –8 –9
Obligated balance, end of year (net):
3091 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, end of year –1 –1 –1



3100 Obligated balance, end of year (net) –1 –1 –1

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 9 8 9
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 9 8 9
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 1



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 10 8 9
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 9 8 9
4190 Outlays, net (total) 10 8 9

The mission of the Office of Communications (OC) is to provide leadership, expertise, management and coordination to develop and implement successful communication strategies and products that advance the mission of the USDA and priorities of the government, while serving and engaging the public in a fair, equal, transparent and easily accessible manner. OC delivers information about USDA programs and policies in a consistent, timely fashion. The 2013 Budget requests $9 milllion, a slight increase above the 2012 enacted level. The increase will enhance the flexibility and streamline the content management process, allowing OC to further improve customer service through a fully integrated web communication program and provide contractual support for one year to implement the USDA Web Modernization and Migration Initiative.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–0150–0–1–352 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Direct obligations:
11.1 Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent 7 7 7
12.1 Civilian personnel benefits 2 1 2



99.9 Total new obligations 9 8 9

Employment Summary


Identification code 12–0150–0–1–352 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

1001 Direct civilian full-time equivalent employment 65 61 65

Office of Inspector General

Federal Funds

Office of Inspector General

For necessary expenses of the Office of Inspector General, including employment pursuant to the Inspector General Act of 1978, [$85,621,000] $89,016,000, including such sums as may be necessary for contracting and other arrangements with public agencies and private persons pursuant to section 6(a)(9) of the Inspector General Act of 1978, and including not to exceed $125,000 for certain confidential operational expenses, including the payment of informants, to be expended under the direction of the Inspector General pursuant to Public Law 95–452 and section 1337 of Public Law 97–98. (Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2012.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–0900–0–1–352 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Office of the Inspector General 97 86 89
0801 Reimbursable program 3 3



0900 Total new obligations 97 89 92

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 15 11 12
1021 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations 6



1050 Unobligated balance (total) 21 11 12
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 89 86 89



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 89 86 89
Spending authority from offsetting collections, discretionary:
1700 Collected 4 4 4
1701 Change in uncollected payments, Federal sources –4



1750 Spending auth from offsetting collections, disc (total) 4 4
1900 Budget authority (total) 89 90 93
1930 Total budgetary resources available 110 101 105
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1940 Unobligated balance expiring –2
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 11 12 13

Change in obligated balance:
Obligated balance, start of year (net):
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 (gross) 23 13 9
3010 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, brought forward, Oct 1 –8



3020 Obligated balance, start of year (net) 15 13 9
3030 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 97 89 92
3031 Obligations incurred, expired accounts 4
3040 Outlays (gross) –99 –93 –96
3050 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired 4
3051 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, expired 4
3080 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, unexpired –6
3081 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, expired –6
Obligated balance, end of year (net):
3090 Unpaid obligations, end of year (gross) 13 9 5



3100 Obligated balance, end of year (net) 13 9 5

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 89 90 93
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 83 82 85
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 16 11 11



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 99 93 96
Offsets against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (collected) from:
4030 Federal sources –8 –4 –4
Additional offsets against gross budget authority only:
4050 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired 4
4052 Offsetting collections credited to expired accounts 4



4060 Additional offsets against budget authority only (total) 8



4070 Budget authority, net (discretionary) 89 86 89
4080 Outlays, net (discretionary) 91 89 92
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 89 86 89
4190 Outlays, net (total) 91 89 92

The Office of Inspector General provides the Secretary and Congress with information or intelligence about fraud, other serious problems, mismanagement, and deficiencies in Department programs and operations, recommends corrective action, and reports on the progress made in correcting the problems. The Office reviews existing and proposed legislation and regulations and makes recommendations to the Secretary and Congress regarding the impact these laws have on the Department's programs and the prevention and detection of fraud and mismanagement in such programs. The Office provides policy direction and conducts, supervises, and coordinates all audits and investigations. The Office supervises and coordinates other activities in the Department and between the Department and other Federal, State and local government agencies whose purposes are to: a) promote economy and efficiency; b) prevent and detect fraud and mismanagement; and c) identify and prosecute people involved in fraud or mismanagement.

The Budget request of $89 million is an increase of $3.4 million above the 2012 enacted level. Increase includes $0.468 million to support the Council of the Inspectors General on Integrity and Efficiency; $0.162 million to support Investigator training requirements; and $2.8 million to support OIG audits and investigations.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–0900–0–1–352 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Direct obligations:
11.1 Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent 58 56 58
12.1 Civilian personnel benefits 18 17 19
21.0 Travel and transportation of persons 4 4 3
23.3 Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous charges 2 2 2
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 4 4 4
25.3 Other goods and services from Federal sources 1 1 1
26.0 Supplies and materials 1 1 1
31.0 Equipment 7 1 1



99.0 Direct obligations 95 86 89
99.0 Reimbursable obligations 2 3 3



99.9 Total new obligations 97 89 92

Employment Summary


Identification code 12–0900–0–1–352 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

1001 Direct civilian full-time equivalent employment 608 577 577

Office of the General Counsel

Federal Funds

Office of the General Counsel

For necessary expenses of the Office of the General Counsel, [$39,345,000] $45,074,000. (Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2012.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–2300–0–1–352 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Office of the General Counsel 41 39 45
0801 Reimbursable program activity 4 4 4



0900 Total new obligations 45 43 49

Budgetary Resources:
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 41 39 45



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 41 39 45
Spending authority from offsetting collections, discretionary:
1700 Collected 2 4 4
1701 Change in uncollected payments, Federal sources 2



1750 Spending auth from offsetting collections, disc (total) 4 4 4
1900 Budget authority (total) 45 43 49
1930 Total budgetary resources available 45 43 49

Change in obligated balance:
Obligated balance, start of year (net):
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 (gross) 6 5 2
3010 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, brought forward, Oct 1 –5 –3 –3



3020 Obligated balance, start of year (net) 1 2 –1
3030 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 45 43 49
3040 Outlays (gross) –46 –46 –49
3050 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired –2
3051 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, expired 4
Obligated balance, end of year (net):
3090 Unpaid obligations, end of year (gross) 5 2 2
3091 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, end of year –3 –3 –3



3100 Obligated balance, end of year (net) 2 –1 –1

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 45 43 49
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 41 41 47
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 5 5 2



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 46 46 49
Offsets against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (collected) from:
4030 Federal sources –6 –4 –4
Additional offsets against gross budget authority only:
4050 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired –2
4052 Offsetting collections credited to expired accounts 4



4060 Additional offsets against budget authority only (total) 2



4070 Budget authority, net (discretionary) 41 39 45
4080 Outlays, net (discretionary) 40 42 45
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 41 39 45
4190 Outlays, net (total) 40 42 45

The Office of the General Counsel of the Department of Agriculture provides all legal advice, counsel, and services to the Secretary and to all agencies, offices, and corporations of the Department on all aspects of their operations. It represents the Department in administrative proceedings; nonlitigation debt collection proceedings; State water rights adjudications; proceedings before the Civilian Board of Contract Appeal, the Merit System Protection Board, the Equal Employment Opportunity Commision, the USDA Office of Administrative Law Judges, and other Federal agencies; and, in conjunction with the Department of Justice, in judicial proceedings and litigation in the Federal and State courts. All attorneys and related support personnel devoted to those efforts are under the supervision of the General Counsel. The 2013 Budget requests $45 million, an increase of $5.7 million above the 2012 enacted level, to increase staff by 32 FTE to handle an increased workload and for information and telecommunications technology improvments.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–2300–0–1–352 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Direct obligations:
11.1 Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent 30 30 33
12.1 Civilian personnel benefits 8 8 9
23.3 Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous charges 1 1
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 1 1 1
26.0 Supplies and materials 1 1



99.0 Direct obligations 41 39 45
99.0 Reimbursable obligations 4 4 4



99.9 Total new obligations 45 43 49

Employment Summary


Identification code 12–2300–0–1–352 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

1001 Direct civilian full-time equivalent employment 267 256 288
2001 Reimbursable civilian full-time equivalent employment 26 26 26

Economic Research Service

Federal Funds

Economic Research Service

For necessary expenses of the Economic Research Service, [$77,723,000] $77,397,000. (Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2012.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–1701–0–1–352 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Economic Research Service 81 78 77
0801 Reimbursable program activity 2 1 1



0900 Total new obligations 83 79 78

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 1 1 1
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 82 78 78



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 82 78 78
Spending authority from offsetting collections, discretionary:
1700 Collected 1 1
1701 Change in uncollected payments, Federal sources 2



1750 Spending auth from offsetting collections, disc (total) 2 1 1
1900 Budget authority (total) 84 79 79
1930 Total budgetary resources available 85 80 80
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1940 Unobligated balance expiring –1
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 1 1 2

Change in obligated balance:
Obligated balance, start of year (net):
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 (gross) 46 41 31
3010 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, brought forward, Oct 1 –5 –7 –7



3020 Obligated balance, start of year (net) 41 34 24
3030 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 83 79 78
3031 Obligations incurred, expired accounts 2
3040 Outlays (gross) –88 –89 –87
3050 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired –2
3081 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, expired –2
Obligated balance, end of year (net):
3090 Unpaid obligations, end of year (gross) 41 31 22
3091 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, end of year –7 –7 –7



3100 Obligated balance, end of year (net) 34 24 15

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 84 79 79
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 65 64 64
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 23 25 23



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 88 89 87
Offsets against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (collected) from:
4030 Federal sources –1 –1
Additional offsets against gross budget authority only:
4050 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired –2



4070 Budget authority, net (discretionary) 82 78 78
4080 Outlays, net (discretionary) 88 88 86
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 82 78 78
4190 Outlays, net (total) 88 88 86

The Economic Research Service provides economic and other social science research and analysis to inform public and private decision making on agriculture, food, natural resources, and rural America. The Agency's mission is to anticipate food, agricultural, agri-environmental, and rural development issues that are on the horizon, and to conduct sound, peer-reviewed economic research. ERS is also the primary source of statistical indicators that, among other things, gauge the health of the farm sector (including farm income estimates and projections), assess the current and expected performance of the agricultural sector (including trade), and provide measures of food security here and abroad. Most of the Agency's research is conducted by a highly-trained staff of economists and social scientists through an intramural program of research, market outlook, and analysis.

Five principles characterize ERS' core program: 1) Research that builds on unique or confidential data sources at the Federal level and is inherent in the role of a Federal Statistical Agency, including the Agricultural Resource Management Survey and associated farm and farm household finance estimates and research, consumer data, and development of USDA's commodity market outlook; 2) Research that provides coordination for a national perspective or framework, setting a single standard; 3) Research that requires a sustained investment and large teams; 4) Research that directly services the U.S. Government or USDA's long-term national goals such as the cost to the economy of sickness and premature death due to foodborne illnesses for FSIS, rural definition analysis for Rural Development, and conservation program options for theFarm Service Agency and Natural Resources Conservation Service; and 5) Research that addresses questions with short-run payoff or has immediate policy implications.

ERS draws on the expertise of external collaborators through grants and cooperative research agreements for issues that require expertise beyond the scope of the current program or that require knowledge of state or regional issues. Areas of research that are supported by extramural agreements include: 1) Analyses requested by the Congress and USDA program agencies on high priority topics including food deserts, potential market and environmental effects of feedstocks for advanced biofuels, and local food marketing channels; 2) The Food Assistance and Nutrition Research Program (FANRP), which funds economic research on USDA's domestic food and nutrition assistance programs, including major research themes of diet and nutritional outcomes, food program targeting and delivery, and program dynamics and administration; 3) The Economics of Markets for Agricultural Greenhouse Gases (EMAGG), which funds economic research in three broad areas related to U.S. agricultural participation in proposed greenhouse gas markets that apply directly to participation in all markets for environmental services; and 4) The Program of Research on the Economics of Invasive Species Management (PREISM), which funds extramural research to support the economic basis of decision making concerning invasive species issues, policies, and programs.

The 2013 budget request of $77,397,000 is slightly less than the 2012 enacted budget level for ERS, and funds ERS' core programs. Additional funds received from other Governmental agencies may also be available for support of economic research and analysis.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–1701–0–1–352 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation:
11.1 Full-time permanent 42 39 39
11.3 Other than full-time permanent 1 1 1
11.5 Other personnel compensation 1 1 1



11.9 Total personnel compensation 44 41 41
12.1 Civilian personnel benefits 9 10 10
21.0 Travel and transportation of persons 1 1 1
23.3 Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous charges 1 1 1
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 4 4 4
25.3 Other goods and services from Federal sources 14 14 13
25.5 Research and development contracts 5 5 5
26.0 Supplies and materials 2 1 1
41.0 Grants, subsidies, and contributions 1 1 1



99.0 Direct obligations 81 78 77
99.0 Reimbursable obligations 2 1 1



99.9 Total new obligations 83 79 78

Employment Summary


Identification code 12–1701–0–1–352 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

1001 Direct civilian full-time equivalent employment 401 385 385
2001 Reimbursable civilian full-time equivalent employment 1 1 1

National Agricultural Statistics Service

Federal Funds

National Agricultural Statistics Service

For necessary expenses of the National Agricultural Statistics Service, [$158,616,000] $179,477,000, of which up to [$41,639,000] $62,500,000 shall be available until expended for the Census of Agriculture. (Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2012.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–1801–0–1–352 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Agricultural estimates 116 110 109
0002 Statistical research and service 7 7 7
0003 Census of agriculture 45 42 63



0799 Total direct obligations 168 159 179
0801 Reimbursable program 26 22 22



0900 Total new obligations 194 181 201

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 8
1021 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations 4



1050 Unobligated balance (total) 12
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 157 159 179
1120 Transferred to other accounts [12–1801] –33 –42 –63
1121 Transferred from other accounts [12–1801] 33 42 63



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 157 159 179
Spending authority from offsetting collections, discretionary:
1700 Collected 23 22 22
1701 Change in uncollected payments, Federal sources 2



1750 Spending auth from offsetting collections, disc (total) 25 22 22
1900 Budget authority (total) 182 181 201
1930 Total budgetary resources available 194 181 201

Change in obligated balance:
Obligated balance, start of year (net):
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 (gross) 33 44 20
3010 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, brought forward, Oct 1 –10 –7 –7



3020 Obligated balance, start of year (net) 23 37 13
3030 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 194 181 201
3031 Obligations incurred, expired accounts 10
3040 Outlays (gross) –187 –205 –200
3050 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired –2
3051 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, expired 5
3080 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, unexpired –4
3081 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, expired –2
Obligated balance, end of year (net):
3090 Unpaid obligations, end of year (gross) 44 20 21
3091 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, end of year –7 –7 –7



3100 Obligated balance, end of year (net) 37 13 14

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 182 181 201
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 145 164 181
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 42 41 19



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 187 205 200
Offsets against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (collected) from:
4030 Federal sources –37 –20 –20
4033 Non-Federal sources –4 –2 –2



4040 Offsets against gross budget authority and outlays (total) –41 –22 –22
Additional offsets against gross budget authority only:
4050 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired –2
4052 Offsetting collections credited to expired accounts 18



4060 Additional offsets against budget authority only (total) 16



4070 Budget authority, net (discretionary) 157 159 179
4080 Outlays, net (discretionary) 146 183 178
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 157 159 179
4190 Outlays, net (total) 146 183 178

The National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) provides the official National and State estimates of acreage, yield, and production of crops, stocks, value and expenditures associated with farm commodities, and inventory, values, and expenditures of livestock items. Data on approximately 120 crops and 45 livestock products are covered in over 500 reports issued each year. In addition, the Census of Agriculture, which is conducted every five years, provides comprehensive data on the Nation's agricultural industry down to the county level.

Agricultural Estimates._The work under this activity is conducted through 46 field offices serving the 50 States and Puerto Rico; most of these offices are operated as joint State and Federal services. Cooperative arrangements with State agencies provide additional State and county data. In order to support Administration priorities and improve efficiency, NASS has carefully completed a comprehensive review of existing programs to determine which programs are most critical to serving agency goals, with evaluations based on the following priorities: 1) Principal Economic Indicator data; 2) data which directly impact the market; 3) data necessary to implement the USDA programs which provide payments to farmers and are used to administer the farm safety net for producers; and 4) data for which there are no other publicly available sources of information. NASS has achieved success through several efficiencies: 1) completing the installation of equipment for and migration of the agency to the Centralized Local Area Network servers; 2) redesigning systems to work in a centralized virtual environment to enhance standardization and efficiency; 3) opening the National Operations Center to provide an infrastructure for increased telephone data collection capacity in a centralized environment, to centrally locate sampling frame activities and experts, and to improve training of telephone and field interviewers through focused and deliberate delivery of a standardized training protocol; 4) designing an innovative client computer assisted Personal Interviewing solution to facilitate quality and efficiency increases in our data collection program; 5) completing its second 48 state Cropland Data Layer in 2011 for the 2010 crop year with higher resolution, improving the accuracy of the classifications and the precision of the acreage estimates generated; and 6) installing video conferencing capabilities in its headquarters and field office locations, facilitating travel savings.

Census of Agriculture._The Census of Agriculture is conducted every five years to take a snapshot of America's agriculture. The Census helps to measure trends and new developments in the agricultural sector of our Nation's economy. The Census is critical because it provides the only source of comparable and consistent detailed data about agriculture at the county level. NASS carefully reviewed existing programs to improve efficiency. The 2013 Budget request includes an increase to reflect the normal activity levels related to the cyclical nature of the 5-year Census of Agriculture program. 2013 represents the highest level of funding during the Census' five year cycle. Funding will be used to conduct peak data collection activities and processing for the Census of Agriculture. The additional funding is necessary for significant increases in data collection costs. In order to achieve an acceptable level of response in every county, or county equivalent, in the United States, NASS will conduct extensive phone follow-up to mail and web non-respondents. Additionally, NASS will conduct personal interviews for a small group of farmers and ranchers whose operations are critical because of their size or type of specialized agriculture production. NASS will also use field enumeration to collect information from minority and disadvantaged populations, such as American Indians and Hispanic producers. Historically, these groups have been hard to reach and under-represented in the Census.
The 2013 request of $179,477,000 for NASS includes $62.5 million for the Census of Agriculture, is an increase of $20,861,000 over 2012 for cyclical needs for data collection including follow up contacts by phone or in person, and for data processing. Funding for onging programs in Agricultural Estimates, which will continue at the 2012 level of about $117 million, includes an increase of $3.4 million to improve the quality of survey data, offset by $3.4 million in savings due to improved efficiency.
Miscellaneous funds received from local organizations, commodity groups, and others are available for dissemination of reports and for survey work conducted under cooperative agreements (7 U.S.C. 450b, 450h, 3318b).

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–1801–0–1–352 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation:
11.1 Full-time permanent 72 74 80
11.3 Other than full-time permanent 1 1 1
11.5 Other personnel compensation 1 1 1



11.9 Total personnel compensation 74 76 82
12.1 Civilian personnel benefits 24 27 26
21.0 Travel and transportation of persons 7 3 4
22.0 Transportation of things 1 1 1
23.3 Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous charges 4 4 5
24.0 Printing and reproduction 1 1
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 35 28 34
25.3 Other goods and services from Federal sources 17 14 20
25.7 Operation and maintenance of equipment 1 1 1
26.0 Supplies and materials 1 1 1
31.0 Equipment 4 3 4



99.0 Direct obligations 168 159 179
99.0 Reimbursable obligations 26 22 22



99.9 Total new obligations 194 181 201

Employment Summary


Identification code 12–1801–0–1–352 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

1001 Direct civilian full-time equivalent employment 979 1,104 1,365
2001 Reimbursable civilian full-time equivalent employment 106 106 106

Agricultural Research Service

Federal Funds

salaries and expenses

For necessary expenses of the Agricultural Research Service and for acquisition of lands by donation, exchange, or purchase at a nominal cost not to exceed $100, and for land exchanges where the lands exchanged shall be of equal value or shall be equalized by a payment of money to the grantor which shall not exceed 25 percent of the total value of the land or interests transferred out of Federal ownership, [$1,094,647,000] $1,102,565,000: Provided, That appropriations hereunder shall be available for the operation and maintenance of aircraft and the purchase of not to exceed one for replacement only: Provided further, That appropriations hereunder shall be available pursuant to 7 U.S.C. 2250 for the construction, alteration, and repair of buildings and improvements, but unless otherwise provided, the cost of constructing any one building shall not exceed $375,000, except for headhouses or greenhouses which shall each be limited to $1,200,000, and except for 10 buildings to be constructed or improved at a cost not to exceed $750,000 each, and the cost of altering any one building during the fiscal year shall not exceed 10 percent of the current replacement value of the building or $375,000, whichever is greater: Provided further, That the limitations on alterations contained in this Act shall not apply to modernization or replacement of existing facilities at Beltsville, Maryland: Provided further, That appropriations hereunder shall be available for granting easements at the Beltsville Agricultural Research Center: Provided further, That the foregoing limitations shall not apply to replacement of buildings needed to carry out the Act of April 24, 1948 (21 U.S.C. 113a): Provided further, That funds may be received from any State, other political subdivision, organization, or individual for the purpose of establishing or operating any research facility or research project of the Agricultural Research Service, as authorized by law. (Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2012.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–1400–0–1–352 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Product quality/value added 105 101 93
0002 Livestock production 81 76 71
0003 Crop production 232 229 229
0004 Food safety 97 96 98
0005 Livestock protection 62 59 61
0006 Crop protection 194 185 175
0007 Human nutrition research 85 85 84
0008 Environmental stewardship 200 189 214
0009 National Agricultural Library 22 21 21
0010 Repair and maintenance of facilities 18 18 21
0012 Homeland security 36 36 36
0014 Miscellaneous Fees/Supplementals 1 6



0799 Total direct obligations 1,133 1,101 1,103
0881 Reimbursable program activity 125 125 125



0889 Reimbursable program activities, subtotal 125 125 125



0900 Total new obligations 1,258 1,226 1,228

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 5 6 2
1021 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations 1



1050 Unobligated balance (total) 6 6 2
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 1,135 1,095 1,103
1130 Appropriations permanently reduced –2



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 1,133 1,095 1,103
Spending authority from offsetting collections, discretionary:
1700 Collected 29 127 127
1701 Change in uncollected payments, Federal sources 98



1750 Spending auth from offsetting collections, disc (total) 127 127 127
1900 Budget authority (total) 1,260 1,222 1,230
1930 Total budgetary resources available 1,266 1,228 1,232
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1940 Unobligated balance expiring –2
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 6 2 4

Change in obligated balance:
Obligated balance, start of year (net):
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 (gross) 409 405 358
3010 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, brought forward, Oct 1 –141 –153 –153



3020 Obligated balance, start of year (net) 268 252 205
3030 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 1,258 1,226 1,228
3031 Obligations incurred, expired accounts 23
3040 Outlays (gross) –1,265 –1,273 –1,262
3050 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired –98
3051 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, expired 86
3080 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, unexpired –1
3081 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, expired –19
Obligated balance, end of year (net):
3090 Unpaid obligations, end of year (gross) 405 358 324
3091 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, end of year –153 –153 –153



3100 Obligated balance, end of year (net) 252 205 171

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 1,260 1,222 1,230
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 986 927 934
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 279 346 328



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 1,265 1,273 1,262
Offsets against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (collected) from:
4030 Federal sources –79 –103 –103
4033 Non-Federal sources –24 –24 –24



4040 Offsets against gross budget authority and outlays (total) –103 –127 –127
Additional offsets against gross budget authority only:
4050 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired –98
4052 Offsetting collections credited to expired accounts 74



4060 Additional offsets against budget authority only (total) –24



4070 Budget authority, net (discretionary) 1,133 1,095 1,103
4080 Outlays, net (discretionary) 1,162 1,146 1,135
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 1,133 1,095 1,103
4190 Outlays, net (total) 1,162 1,146 1,135

The Agricultural Research Service (ARS) is the principal in-house research agency of the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA). The ARS mission is to conduct research to develop and transfer solutions to agricultural problems of high national priority and to provide information access and dissemination to: ensure high-quality, safe food, and other agricultural products; assess the nutritional needs of Americans; sustain a competitive agricultural economy; enhance the natural resource base and the environment; and provide economic opportunities for rural citizens, communities, and society as a whole. The ARS' mission is carried out through its major research program areas and other activities listed below (in italics).

ARS major research programs—New Products/Product Quality/Value Added; Livestock/Crop Production; Food Safety; Livestock/Crop Protection; Human Nutrition; and Environmental Stewardship—address the Department's priorities.

ARS' 2013 Salaries and Expenses budget requests $1,102.6 million, including high priority increases of $75.4 million for new and expanded research initiatives in environmental stewardship; animal/crop breeding and protection; food safety; child and human nutrition; and the National Agricultural Library, as well as salary increases. In addition, the agency is requesting an increase of $3 million for the repair and maintenance of its laboratories/facilities.

Offsetting ARS' requested increases are $70.5 million in proposed decreases from lower priority projects. The proposed reductions will provide necessary funding for the critical research priorities proposed by the agency for 2013.

New Products/Product Quality/Value Added._ARS has active research programs directed toward 1) improving the efficiency and reducing the cost for the conversion of agricultural products into biobased products and biofuels, 2) developing new and improved products to help establish them in domestic and foreign markets, and 3) providing higher quality, healthy foods that satisfy consumer needs in the United States and abroad.

Environmental Stewardship—Water Quality; Air/Soil Quality; Global Climate Change; Range/Grazing Lands; Agricultural Systems Integration._ARS research programs in environmental stewardship support scientists in approximately 70 locations. Emphasis is given to developing technologies and systems that support profitable production and enhance the Nation's vast renewable natural resource base. ARS is currently developing the scientific knowledge and technologies needed to meet the challenges and opportunities facing U.S. agriculture in managing water resource quality and quantity under different climatic regimes, production systems, and environmental conditions. ARS air resources research is developing measurement, prediction, and control technologies for emissions of greenhouse gases, particulate matter, ammonia, hydrogen sulfide, and volatile organic compounds affecting air quality and land surface climate interactions. The agency is a leader in developing measurement and modeling techniques for characterizing gaseous and particulate matter emissions from agriculture. In addition, ARS is evaluating strategies for enhancing the health and productivity of soils, including developing predictive tools to assess the sustainability of alternative land management practices. Finding mechanisms to aid agriculture in adapting to changes in atmospheric composition and climatic variations is also an important component of ARS research. ARS range and grazing land research includes the conservation and restoration of the Nation's range land and pasture ecosystems and agroecosystems through improved management of fire, invasive weeds, grazing, global change, and other agents of ecological change. The agency is currently developing improved grass and forage legume germplasm for livestock, conservation, bioenergy, and bioproduct systems as well as grazing-based livestock systems that reduce risk and increase profitability. In addition, ARS is developing whole system management strategies to reduce production costs and risks. The 2013 Budget proposes increases to enhance the productivity of crop land; develop conservation practices that improve water and soil quality; enhance the quantity/quality of water resources; sustain agricultural production capacity over long periods at landscape scales; and adapt agricultural systems to climate variability and weather extremes.

Livestock Production._ARS' livestock production program is directed toward: 1) safeguarding and utilizing animal genetic resources, associated genetic and genomic databases, and bioinformatic tools; 2) developing a basic understanding of the physiology of livestock and poultry; and 3) developing information, tools, and technologies that can be used to improve animal production systems. The research is heavily focused on the development and application of genomics technologies to increase the efficiency and product quality of beef, dairy, swine, poultry, aquaculture, and sheep systems. Current areas of emphasis include increasing efficiency of nutrient utilization, increasing animal well-being and reducing stress in production systems, increasing reproductive rates and breeding animal longevity, developing and evaluating non-traditional production systems (e.g., organic, natural), and evaluating and conserving animal genetic resources. The 2013 Budget proposes increases to develop integrated production systems that incorporate enhanced germplasm and pest/pathogen/water/nutrient management strategies to improve production efficiencies and product quality in farm animals.

Crop Production._ARS' crop production program focuses on developing and improving ways to reduce crop losses while protecting and ensuring a safe and affordable food supply. The research program concentrates on effective production strategies that are environmentally friendly, safe to consumers, and compatible with sustainable and profitable crop production systems. Research activities are directed at safeguarding and utilizing plant genetic resources and their associated genetic, genomic, and bioinformatic databases that facilitate selection of varieties and/or germplasm with significantly improved traits. Current research activities attempt to minimize the impacts of crop pests while maintaining healthy crops and safe commodities that can be sold in markets throughout the world. ARS is conducting research to discover and exploit naturally occurring and engineered genetic mechanisms for plant pest control, develop agronomic germplasm with durable defensive traits, and transfer genetic resources for commercial use. ARS provides taxonomic information on invasive species that strengthens prevention techniques, aids in detection/identification of invasive pests, and increases control through management tactics that restore habitats and biological diversity. The 2013 Budget proposes increases to enhance floral and nursery crop research and crop genetic resources to underpin food security.

Livestock Protection._ARS' animal health program is directed at protecting and ensuring the safety of the Nation's agriculture and food supply through improved disease detection, prevention, control, and treatment. Basic and applied research approaches are used to solve animal health problems of high national priority. Emphasis is given to methods and procedures to control animal diseases. The research program has ten strategic objectives: 1) establish ARS laboratories into a fluid, highly effective research network to maximize use of core competencies and resources; 2) access specialized high containment facilities to study zoonotic and emerging diseases; 3) develop an integrated animal and microbial genomics research program; 4) establish centers of excellence in animal immunology; 5) launch a biotherapeutic discovery program providing alternatives to animal drugs; 6) build a technology driven vaccine and diagnostic discovery research program; 7) develop core competencies in field epidemiology and predictive biology; 8) develop internationally recognized expert collaborative research laboratories; 9) establish a best-in-class training center for our Nation's veterinarians and scientists; and 10) develop a model technology transfer program to achieve the full impact of ARS research discoveries. ARS current animal research program includes eight core components: 1) biodefense research, 2) animal genomics and immunology, 3) zoonotic diseases, 4) respiratory disease, 5) reproductive and neonatal diseases, 6) enteric diseases, 7) parasitic diseases, and 8) transmissible spongiform encephalopathies. The 2013 Budget proposes increases to develop countermeasures and alternatives to antibiotics to prevent/treat pathogens affecting poultry and emerging diseases affecting farm animals.

Crop Protection._ARS' research on crop protection is directed toward epidemiological investigations to understand pest and disease transmission mechanisms, and to identify and apply new technologies that increase understanding of virulence factors and host defense mechanisms. Currently, ARS research priorities include: 1) identification of genes that convey virulence traits in pathogens and pests; 2) factors that modulate infectivity, gene functions, and mechanisms; 3) genetic profiles that provide specified levels of disease and insect resistance under field conditions; and 4) mechanisms that facilitate the spread of pests and infectious diseases. ARS is developing new knowledge and integrated pest management approaches to control pest and disease outbreaks as they occur. Its research will improve the knowledge and understanding of the ecology, physiology, epidemiology, and molecular biology of emerging diseases and pests. This knowledge will be incorporated into pest risk assessments and management strategies to minimize chemical inputs and increase production. Strategies and approaches will be available to producers to control emerging crop diseases and pest outbreaks. The 2013 Budget proposes increases to research soil microbial ecology and develop plant disease management strategies; enhance control of invasive pests (i.e. weeds, arthropod pests, etc.); protection of small fruit and nursery crops/potatoes/wheat from disease; and fungal disease protection in beans, sunflowers, and other crops.

Food Safety._Assuring that the United States has the highest levels of affordable, safe food requires that the food system be protected at each stage from production through processing and consumption from pathogens, toxins, and chemical contaminants that cause diseases in humans. The U.S. food supply is very diverse, extensive, easily accessible, and thus vulnerable to the introduction of biological and chemical contaminants through natural processes, intentional means, or by global commerce. ARS' current food safety research is designed to yield science-based knowledge on the safe production, storage, processing, and handling of plant and animal products, and on the detection and control of toxin producing and/or pathogenic bacteria and fungi, parasites, chemical contaminants, and plant toxins. All of ARS' research activities involve a high degree of cooperation and collaboration with USDA's Research, Education, and Economics agencies, as well as with FSIS, APHIS, FDA, CDC, DHS, and the EPA. ARS also collaborates in international research programs to address and resolve global food safety issues. Specific research efforts are directed toward developing new technologies that assist ARS stakeholders and customers, that is, regulatory agencies, industry, and commodity and consumer organizations, in detecting, identifying, and controlling foodborne diseases that affect human health. The 2013 Budget proposes increases to identify and evaluate specific intervention strategies through the food production chain and expand research on antibiotic resistance.

Human Nutrition._Maintenance of health throughout the lifespan along with prevention of obesity and chronic diseases via food-based recommendations are the major emphases of ARS human nutrition research program. These health-related goals are based on the knowledge that deficiency diseases are no longer important public health concerns. Excessive consumption has become the primary nutrition problem in the American population. This is reflected by increased emphasis on prevention of obesity from basic science through intervention studies to assessments of large populations. ARS' research program also actively studies bioactive components of foods that have no known requirement but have health promoting activities. Four specific areas of research are currently emphasized: 1) nutrition monitoring and the food supply, e.g., a national diet survey and the food composition databank; 2) dietary guidance f'or health promotion and disease prevention, i.e., specific foods, nutrients, and dietary patterns that maintain health and prevent disease; 3) prevention of obesity and related diseases, including research as to why so few of the population follow the Dietary Guidelines for Americans; and 4) life stage nutrition and metabolism, in order to better define the role of nutrition in pregnancy and growth of children, and for healthier aging. The 2013 Budget proposes increases to add "functionality" to the Food Composition Database and link USDA/ARS food consumption survey data with Federal dietary policy guidance.

Library and Information Services (NAL)._The National Agricultural Library (NAL) is the largest and most accessible agricultural research library in the world. It provides services directly to the staff of USDA and to the public, primarily via the NAL web site, http://www.nal.usda.gov. NAL was created with the USDA in 1862 and was named in 1962 a national library by Congress, as the primary agricultural information resource of the United States. NAL is the premier library for collecting, managing, and disseminating agricultural knowledge. The Library is the repository of our Nation's agricultural heritage, the provider of world class information, and the wellspring for generating new fundamental knowledge and advancing scientific discovery. It is a priceless national resource that, through its services, programs, information products, and web-based tools and technologies, serves anyone who needs agricultural information. The Library's vision is "advancing access to global information for agriculture." The 2013 Budget proposes increases to develop unified accessible sources of databases (e.g. on carbon sequestration and greenhouse gas emissions, conservation program benefits, etc.).

Repair and Maintenance of Facilities._Funds are used to restore, upgrade, and maintain ARS' facilities to meet Occupational Safety and Health Administration and EPA requirements, provide suitable workspace for in-house research programs, and to retrofit existing structures for better energy utilization. The 2013 Budget proposes increases to address and reduce the backlog of needed facilities' repair and maintenance.

Reimbursements._ARS performs research activities and services for other USDA, Federal, and non-Federal agencies. These activities and services are paid for on a reimbursable basis.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–1400–0–1–352 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation:
11.1 Full-time permanent 538 526 528
11.3 Other than full-time permanent 11 11 11
11.5 Other personnel compensation 16 15 15



11.9 Total personnel compensation 565 552 554
12.1 Civilian personnel benefits 173 170 170
21.0 Travel and transportation of persons 13 20 13
22.0 Transportation of things 1 1 1
23.2 Rental payments to others 1 1
23.3 Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous charges 46 43 42
24.0 Printing and reproduction 1 1 1
25.1 Advisory and assistance services 1 1 1
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 9 8 9
25.4 Operation and maintenance of facilities 38 34 34
25.5 Research and development contracts 148 139 149
25.6 Medical care 1 1 1
25.7 Operation and maintenance of equipment 15 17 14
26.0 Supplies and materials 75 69 69
31.0 Equipment 29 27 26
32.0 Land and structures 5 5 5
41.0 Grants, subsidies, and contributions 13 12 13



99.0 Direct obligations 1,133 1,101 1,103
99.0 Reimbursable obligations 125 125 125



99.9 Total new obligations 1,258 1,226 1,228

Employment Summary


Identification code 12–1400–0–1–352 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

1001 Direct civilian full-time equivalent employment 7,529 7,294 7,294
2001 Reimbursable civilian full-time equivalent employment 498 498 498

Buildings and Facilities

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–1401–0–1–352 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Building and facilities projects 19 7 2

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 258 9 2
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1131 Unobligated balance of appropriations permanently reduced –230



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) –230
1930 Total budgetary resources available 28 9 2
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 9 2

Change in obligated balance:
Obligated balance, start of year (net):
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 (gross) 162 83 26
3030 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 19 7 2
3031 Obligations incurred, expired accounts 4
3040 Outlays (gross) –102 –64 –13
Obligated balance, end of year (net):
3090 Unpaid obligations, end of year (gross) 83 26 15



3100 Obligated balance, end of year (net) 83 26 15

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross –230
Outlays, gross:
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 102 64 13
4180 Budget authority, net (total) –230
4190 Outlays, net (total) 102 64 13

Under its Buildings and Facilities account, ARS funds the acquisition of land, construction, repair, improvement, extension, alteration, and purchase of fixed equipment or facilities of or used by ARS. No new funding is requested in 2013.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–1401–0–1–352 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Direct obligations:
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 7 2
25.4 Operation and maintenance of facilities 19



99.9 Total new obligations 19 7 2

Trust Funds

Miscellaneous Contributed Funds

Special and Trust Fund Receipts (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–8214–0–7–352 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

0100 Balance, start of year
Receipts:
0220 Deposits of Miscellaneous Contributed Funds, Science and Education Administration 31 31 27



0400 Total: Balances and collections 31 31 27
Appropriations:
0500 Miscellaneous Contributed Funds –31 –31 –27



0799 Balance, end of year

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–8214–0–7–352 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Miscellaneous contributed funds 25 25 25

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 16 22 28
Budget authority:
Appropriations, mandatory:
1201 Appropriation (special or trust fund) 31 31 27



1260 Appropriations, mandatory (total) 31 31 27
1930 Total budgetary resources available 47 53 55
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 22 28 30

Change in obligated balance:
Obligated balance, start of year (net):
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 (gross) 3 6 3
3030 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 25 25 25
3040 Outlays (gross) –22 –28 –28
Obligated balance, end of year (net):
3090 Unpaid obligations, end of year (gross) 6 3



3100 Obligated balance, end of year (net) 6 3

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Mandatory:
4090 Budget authority, gross 31 31 27
Outlays, gross:
4100 Outlays from new mandatory authority 8 22 19
4101 Outlays from mandatory balances 14 6 9



4110 Outlays, gross (total) 22 28 28
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 31 31 27
4190 Outlays, net (total) 22 28 28

Miscellaneous contributed funds received from States, local organizations, individuals, and others are available for work under cooperative agreements on research activities.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–8214–0–7–352 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation:
11.1 Full-time permanent 7 7 7
11.3 Other than full-time permanent 1 1 1
11.5 Other personnel compensation 1 1 1



11.9 Total personnel compensation 9 9 9
12.1 Civilian personnel benefits 2 2 2
21.0 Travel and transportation of persons 1 1 1
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 3 3 3
25.5 Research and development contracts 4 4 4
25.7 Operation and maintenance of equipment 1 1 1
26.0 Supplies and materials 3 3 3
31.0 Equipment 1 1 1
41.0 Grants, subsidies, and contributions 1 1 1



99.9 Total new obligations 25 25 25

Employment Summary


Identification code 12–8214–0–7–352 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

1001 Direct civilian full-time equivalent employment 132 132 132

National Institute of Food and Agriculture

Federal Funds

Integrated Activities

For the integrated research, education, and extension grants programs, including necessary administrative expenses, [$21,482,000] $43,542,000, as follows: for competitive grants programs authorized under section 406 of the Agricultural Research, Extension, and Education Reform Act of 1998 (7 U.S.C. 7626), [$14,496,000] $33,056,000, including [$4,500,000 for the water quality program, $4,000,000 for regional pest management centers, $1,996,000 for the methyl bromide transition program, and] $4,000,000 for the organic transition program and $29,056,000 for crop protection; $998,000 for the regional rural development centers program; $3,500,000 for grants authorized under section 1623 of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5813); and $5,988,000 for the Food and Agriculture Defense Initiative authorized under section 1484 of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977, to remain available until September 30, [2013] 2014. (Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2012.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–1502–0–1–352 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0010 Organic research and extension init. 20 20
0020 Water quality 9 4
0030 Food safety 11
0040 Regional pest management centers 3 4
0050 Crop Protection 29
0070 Methyl bromide transition program 2 2
0071 Homeland Security 6 6 6
0072 Sustainable Agriculture Federal-State Matching Grant Program 4
0085 Specialty Crop Research Initiative 50 50
0086 International science and education grants 1
0087 Regional Rural development centers 1 1 1
0088 Organic transition 4 4 4
0089 Critical issues - plant and animal diseases 1



0900 Total new obligations 108 91 44

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 1
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 37 21 44



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 37 21 44
Appropriations, mandatory:
1221 Transferred from other accounts [12–4336] 70 70



1260 Appropriations, mandatory (total) 70 70
1900 Budget authority (total) 107 91 44
1930 Total budgetary resources available 108 91 44

Change in obligated balance:
Obligated balance, start of year (net):
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 (gross) 274 267 251
3030 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 108 91 44
3031 Obligations incurred, expired accounts 3
3040 Outlays (gross) –89 –107 –131
3081 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, expired –29
Obligated balance, end of year (net):
3090 Unpaid obligations, end of year (gross) 267 251 164



3100 Obligated balance, end of year (net) 267 251 164

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 37 21 44
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 1 4 5
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 50 41 43



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 51 45 48
Mandatory:
4090 Budget authority, gross 70 70
Outlays, gross:
4100 Outlays from new mandatory authority 3 4
4101 Outlays from mandatory balances 35 58 83



4110 Outlays, gross (total) 38 62 83
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 107 91 44
4190 Outlays, net (total) 89 107 131

Under the Integrated Activities account, research, education and/or extension grants are awarded for competitive and non-competitive programs.

Organic Transition Program._This program supports the development and implementation of biologically based pest management practices that mitigate the ecological, agronomic, and economic risks associated with the transition from conventional to organic agricultural production systems. The 2013 Budget includes $4.0 million, which is the same as the 2012 enacted level.

Crop Protection Program._This program supports projects that respond to pest management challenges with coordinated region-wide and national research, education, and extension programs, and serves as a catalyst for promoting further development and use of integrated pest management approaches. The program also fosters regional and national team building efforts, communication networks, and enhanced stakeholder participation. The 2013 Budget includes $29.1 million, which reflects combined pest management funding transferred from Research and Education and Extension Activities.

Sustainable Agriculture Federal-State Matching Grant Program._This Federal-State matching grant program will assist in the creation or enhancement of State sustainable research, extension, and education programs. The matching requirement will leverage State and/or private funds, and build the long-term capacity to guide the evolution of American agriculture to a more highly productive, sustainable system. The 2013 Budget includes $3.5 million.

Regional rural development centers._Funding supports activities that pursue a holistic development strategy that tailors programming to meet regional and local needs and addresses areas of opportunity arising from a consumer-driven agricultural economy. The 2013 Budget includes $1.0 million, which is the same as the 2012 enacted level.

Food and agriculture defense initiative (homeland security)._The program provides support to an unified network of public agricultural institutions to identify and respond to high risk biological pathogens in the food and agricultural system. In particular, funding will maintain and enhance risk management tools for Asian soybean rust and other pathogens of legumes. The 2013 Budget includes $5.9 million. Additional funding for these laboratories is included in the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service.

Organic Agriculture Research and Extension Initiative._This mandatory program, authorized by section 7206 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (FCEA), 2008 Farm Bill, supports research and extension programs that enhance the ability of producers and processors who have already adopted organic standards to grow and market high quality organic agricultural products. The program expires at the end of September 2012.

Specialty Crop Research Initiative._This mandatory program, authorized by section 7311 of the FCEA, 2008 Farm Bill, provides funding to solve critical industry issues through research and extension activities that focus on research in plant breeding, genetics, and genomics to improve crop characteristics; efforts to identify and address threats from pests and diseases, including threats to specialty crop pollinators; efforts to improve production efficiency, productivity, and profitability over the long term; new innovations and technology, including improved mechanization and technologies that delay or inhibit ripening; and methods to prevent, detect, monitor, control, and respond to potential food safety hazards in the production and processing of specialty crops. The program expires at the end of September 2012.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–1502–0–1–352 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Direct obligations:
11.1 Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent 2 2 2
12.1 Civilian personnel benefits 1 1 1
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 1 1 1
25.5 Research and development contracts 1 1
41.0 Grants, subsidies, and contributions 104 86 39



99.9 Total new obligations 108 91 44

Employment Summary


Identification code 12–1502–0–1–352 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

1001 Direct civilian full-time equivalent employment 8 8 9

Biomass Research and Development

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–1003–0–1–271 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Biomass research and development 2 37 34



0900 Total new obligations (object class 41.0) 2 37 34

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 3 31 34
Budget authority:
Appropriations, mandatory:
1221 Transferred from other accounts [12–4336] 30 40



1260 Appropriations, mandatory (total) 30 40
1930 Total budgetary resources available 33 71 34
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 31 34

Change in obligated balance:
Obligated balance, start of year (net):
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 (gross) 53 45 53
3030 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 2 37 34
3040 Outlays (gross) –10 –29 –41
Obligated balance, end of year (net):
3090 Unpaid obligations, end of year (gross) 45 53 46



3100 Obligated balance, end of year (net) 45 53 46

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Mandatory:
4090 Budget authority, gross 30 40
Outlays, gross:
4100 Outlays from new mandatory authority 2
4101 Outlays from mandatory balances 10 27 41



4110 Outlays, gross (total) 10 29 41
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 30 40
4190 Outlays, net (total) 10 29 41

Biomass Research and Development is authorized by the Biomass Research and Development Act of 2000. The program provides competitive grants for research, development, and demonstration to encourage innovation and development related to biomass, and improved commercialization of biobased products and energy. USDA and the Department of Energy jointly administer the program.

Current priorities focus on the following: feedstock development and production; biobased products emphasizing environmental and economic performance and gasification of animal manure; integrated resource management and biomass use; demonstration projects that use biodiesel for all operations in the supply chain to produce corn grain ethanol; and effective and targeted incentive systems for biomass commercialization and adoption. The 2012 funding level is $40 million. The program expires at the end of September 2012.

National Institute of Food and Agriculture

research and education activities

For payments to agricultural experiment stations, for cooperative forestry and other research, for facilities, and for other expenses, [$705,599,000] $732,730,000, as follows: to carry out the provisions of the Hatch Act of 1887 (7 U.S.C. 361a-i), [$236,334,000] $234,834,000; for grants for cooperative forestry research (16 U.S.C. 582a through a-7), $32,934,000; for payments to eligible institutions (7 U.S.C. 3222), $50,898,000, provided that each institution receives no less than $1,000,000; for special grants (7 U.S.C. 450i(c)), [$4,000,000; for competitive grants on improved pest control (7 U.S.C. 450i(c)), $15,830,000] $1,405,000; for competitive grants (7 U.S.C. 450(i)(b)), [$264,470,000] $325,000,000, to remain available until expended; [for the support of animal health and disease programs (7 U.S.C. 3195), $4,000,000; for supplemental and alternative crops and products (7 U.S.C. 3319d), $825,000; for grants for research pursuant to the Critical Agricultural Materials Act (7 U.S.C. 178 et seq.), $1,081,000, to remain available until expended;] for the 1994 research grants program for 1994 institutions pursuant to section 536 of Public Law 103–382 (7 U.S.C. 301 note), $1,801,000, to remain available until expended; [for rangeland research grants (7 U.S.C. 3333), $961,000;] for the veterinary medicine loan repayment program under section 1415A of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3151a), $4,790,000, to remain available until expended; [for grants and fellowships for food and agricultural sciences education under paragraphs (1), (5), and (6) of section 1417(b) of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3152(b)), $9,000,000, to remain available until expended;] for higher education graduate fellowship grants (7 U.S.C. 3152(b)(6)), $3,851,000, to remain available until expended (7 U.S.C. 2209b); for higher education challenge grants (7 U.S.C. 3152(b)(1)), $5,643,000; for a higher education multicultural scholars program (7 U.S.C. 3152(b)(5)), $1,239,000, to remain available until expended (7 U.S.C. 2209b); for an education grants program for Hispanic-serving Institutions (7 U.S.C. 3241), $9,219,000; for competitive grants for the purpose of carrying out all provisions of 7 U.S.C. 3156 to individual eligible institutions or consortia of eligible institutions in Alaska and in Hawaii, with funds awarded equally to each of the States of Alaska and Hawaii, $3,194,000; for a secondary agriculture education program and 2-year post-secondary education, (7 U.S.C. 3152(j)), [$900,000] $981,000; for aquaculture grants (7 U.S.C. 3322), $3,920,000; for sustainable agriculture research and education (7 U.S.C. 5811), $14,471,000; for a program of capacity building grants (7 U.S.C. 3152(b)(4)) to institutions eligible to receive funds under 7 U.S.C. 3221 and 3222, $19,336,000, to remain available until expended (7 U.S.C. 2209b); [for capacity building grants for non-land-grant colleges of agriculture (7 U.S.C. 3319i), $4,500,000, to remain available until expended; for competitive grants for policy research (7 U.S.C. 3155), $4,000,000, which shall be obligated within 120 days of the enactment of this Act;] for payments to the 1994 Institutions pursuant to section 534(a)(1) of Public Law 103–382, $3,335,000; for grants for insular areas under sections 1490 and 1491 of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3362 and 3363), $1,650,000[resident instruction grants for insular areas under section 1491 of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3363), $900,000; for distance education grants for insular areas under section 1490 of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3362), $750,000; for a competitive grants program for farm business management and benchmarking (7 U.S.C. 5925f), $1,450,000; for a competitive grants program regarding biobased energy (7 U.S.C. 8114), $2,200,000]; and for necessary expenses of Research and Education Activities, [$10,500,000] $14,229,000, of which [$2,600,000 for the Research, Education, and Economics Information System and $2,000,000 for the Electronic Grants Information System, are] $7,830,000, to remain available until expended, are for grants management systems.

Hispanic Serving Agricultural Colleges and Universities Endowment Fund

For the Hispanic-Serving Agricultural Colleges and Universities Endowment Fund under section 1456(b) (7 U.S.C. 3243(b)) of the National Agricultural Research, Extension and Teaching Policy Act of 1977, $10,000,000, to remain available until expended.

Native American Institutions Endowment Fund

For the Native American Institutions Endowment Fund authorized by Public Law 103–382 (7 U.S.C. 301 note), $11,880,000, to remain available until expended. (Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2012.)

Special and Trust Fund Receipts (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–1500–0–1–352 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

0100 Balance, start of year 24 136 148
Adjustments:
0190 Adjustment - improved accounting to reflect amount that is available for investment only 100



0199 Balance, start of year 124 136 148
Receipts:
0240 Earnings on Investments, Native American Institutions Endowment Fund 5 5 5



0400 Total: Balances and collections 129 141 153
Appropriations:
0500 Research and Education Activities –5 –5 –5
0501 Research and Education Activities 12 12 22



0599 Total appropriations 7 7 17



0799 Balance, end of year 136 148 170

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–1500–0–1–352 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Payments under the Hatch Act 236 236 235
0002 Cooperative forestry research 33 33 33
0003 Payments to 1890 colleges and Tuskegee Univ. and West Virginia State University 51 51 51
0004 Special research grants 42 44 22
0005 Agriculture Food and Research Initiative 348 424 325
0006 Animal health and disease research 3 4
0007 Federal Administration 11 11 14
0008 Higher education 38 60 48
0009 Native American Institutions Endowment Fund 4 5 5
0012 Veterinary Medical Services Act 13 5
0014 New Era Rural Technology 1
0015 Sun Grant Program 2 2
0016 Farm Business Management and Benchmarking 1 1
0017 Competitive Grants for Policy Research 4



0799 Total direct obligations 770 888 738
0801 Reimbursable program activity 9 9 9



0900 Total new obligations 779 897 747

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 228 178
1021 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations 18



1050 Unobligated balance (total) 246 178
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 712 717 755
1101 Appropriation (Native American Endowment Interest) 5 5 5
1130 Appropriations permanently reduced –1
1134 Portion precluded from obligation (-) (N.A. Endowment Fund) –12 –12 –22



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 704 710 738
Spending authority from offsetting collections, discretionary:
1700 Collected 9 9
1701 Change in uncollected payments, Federal sources 9



1750 Spending auth from offsetting collections, disc (total) 9 9 9
1900 Budget authority (total) 713 719 747
1930 Total budgetary resources available 959 897 747
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1940 Unobligated balance expiring –2
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 178

Change in obligated balance:
Obligated balance, start of year (net):
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 (gross) 1,016 1,137 987
3001 Adjustments to unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 12
3010 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, brought forward, Oct 1 –16 –43 –43
3011 Adjustments to uncollected pymts, Fed sources, brought forward, Oct 1 –12



3020 Obligated balance, start of year (net) 1,000 1,094 944
3030 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 779 897 747
3031 Obligations incurred, expired accounts 54
3040 Outlays (gross) –670 –1,047 –824
3050 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired –9
3051 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, expired –6
3080 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, unexpired –18
3081 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, expired –36
Obligated balance, end of year (net):
3090 Unpaid obligations, end of year (gross) 1,137 987 910
3091 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, end of year –43 –43 –43



3100 Obligated balance, end of year (net) 1,094 944 867

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 713 719 747
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 154 373 388
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 516 674 436



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 670 1,047 824
Offsets against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (collected) from:
4030 Federal sources –5 –9 –9
Additional offsets against gross budget authority only:
4050 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired –9
4052 Offsetting collections credited to expired accounts 5



4060 Additional offsets against budget authority only (total) –4



4070 Budget authority, net (discretionary) 704 710 738
4080 Outlays, net (discretionary) 665 1,038 815
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 704 710 738
4190 Outlays, net (total) 665 1,038 815

Memorandum (non-add) entries:
5000 Total investments, SOY: Federal securities: Par value 122 134 146
5001 Total investments, EOY: Federal securities: Par value 134 146 168

The National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA) participates in a nationwide system of agricultural research and education program planning and coordination between State institutions and the U.S. Department of Agriculture. It assists in maintaining cooperation among the State institutions, and between the State institutions and their Federal research partners. The agency administers grants and payments to State institutions to supplement State and local funding for agricultural research and higher education.

Agriculture and Food Research Initiative competitive grants._Section 7406 of FCEA establishes the Agriculture and Food Research Initiative (AFRI). AFRI is a competitive grant program to provide funding for fundamental and applied research, extension, and education to address food and agricultural sciences. AFRI projects will address critical issues in U.S. agriculture in the areas of global food security and hunger; climate change; sustainable bioenergy; childhood obesity; and food safety. Addressing these critical issues will engage scientists and educators with expertise in plant health and production and plant products; animal health and production and animal products; food safety, nutrition, and health; renewable energy, natural resources, and environment; agricultural systems and technology; and agriculture economics and rural communities. AFRI allows greater flexibility in the types of projects funded to include: single function projects in research, education, and extension, and integrated research, education and/or extension awards. AFRI is the core competitive grant program for research, education, and extension. The 2013 Budget proposes to increase funding for AFRI from $264 million to $325 million, a 23 percent increase in this program from 2012.

Payments under the Hatch Act._Funds under the Hatch Act are allocated on a formula basis to agricultural experiment stations of the land-grant colleges in the 50 States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, Guam, the Virgin Islands, American Samoa, Micronesia, and Northern Mariana Islands. The 2013 Budget includes $234.8 million, which is a $1.5 million decrease from the 2012 enacted level.

Cooperative forestry research._These funds are allocated by formula to land-grant colleges or agricultural experiment stations in the 50 States, Puerto Rico, Guam, the Virgin Islands, and other State-supported colleges and universities having a forestry school and offering graduate training in forestry sciences. The 2013 Budget is funded at the same level as the 2012 enacted level, $32.9 million.

Payments to 1890 colleges and Tuskegee University and West Virginia State University._Funds allocated on a formula basis support agricultural research and broaden the curricula at the eighteen 1890 land-grant colleges, including Tuskegee University and West Virginia State University. The 2013 Budget is funded at the same level as the 2012 enacted level, $50.9 million.

Special research grants._This program addresses research areas of national interest. The 2013 Budget includes $14.5 million for a grant program in sustainable agriculture. Funding for a grant program for global change is proposed at $1.4 million for research at universities as part of a coordinated Federal initiative. The 2013 Budget also includes for aquaculture centers at the same level as 2012 enacted, $3.9 million.

1994 Institutions Research._The 2013 Budget maintains funding at the 2012 enacted level of $1.8 million for the competitive research grants program to build research capacity at the thirty-four 1994 institutions by supporting agricultural research activities that address tribal, national and multistate priorities.

Federal administration._A coordinating and review staff assists in maintaining cooperation within and among the States, and between the States and their Federal research partners. This staff also administers research and education grants and payments to States. Federal administration is funded from a combination of program set-asides from formula and grant programs and from direct appropriation for administration. The 2013 Budget includes $14.2 million, which is $3.7 million over the 2012 enacted level. Most of the increase will support the Electronic Grants Administration System.

Higher education._2013 funding is proposed for graduate fellowships grants at $3.8 million, challenge grants at $5.6 million, Hispanic-serving institutions education grants program at $9.2 million, and a multicultural scholars program at $1.2 million. Funding is also proposed for Native American institutions at $3.3 million, Alaska Native-serving and Native Hawaiian-serving Institutions at $3.2 million, Secondary Education/ Two-Year Post-secondary Education and Agriculture in the K-12 Classroom at $1.0 million, and Grants for Insular Areas programs at $1.6 million. These programs enable universities to broaden their curricula; and increase faculty development, student research projects, and the number of new scholars recruited in the food and agricultural sciences. In addition, an increased number of graduate students, including minority graduate students, will be enrolled in the agricultural sciences. The 2013 Budget proposes $19.3 million for a capacity building program at the 1890 institutions as part of the USDA initiative to strengthen these institutions through a broadening of curricula, and increased faculty development and student research projects. Funding is also proposed in the 2013 Budget, at $4.8 million, for the Veterinary Medical Services Act to provide incentives to hire Federal veterinarians to work in shortage areas.

Reimbursable program._Funds support basic and applied agriculture research and activities performed for other USDA, Federal, and non-Federal agencies.

Native American Institutions Endowment Fund._ The 2013 Budget includes the same level as 2012 enacted, $11.9 million, for an endowment for the 1994 land-grant institutions (34 Tribally controlled colleges) to strengthen the infrastructure of these institutions and develop Indian expertise for the food and agricultural sciences and businesses and their own communities. At the termination of each fiscal year, the Secretary withdraws the income from the endowment fund for the fiscal year, and after making adjustments for the cost of administering the fund, distributes the adjusted income on a formula basis to the 1994 land-grant institutions.

Hispanic-Serving Agricultural Colleges and Universities Endowment Fund._This endowment fund for Hispanic-Serving Agricultural Colleges and Universities will launch the production of skilled and marketable Hispanic student population for employment in the food and agriculture sector. Over the next ten years, the Endowment will lead to significant and measurable enhanced competence and marketability of Hispanic students in the food and agricultural sciences. The 2013 Budget includes $10 million for this proposed fund.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–1500–0–1–352 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Direct obligations:
11.1 Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent 22 22 22
12.1 Civilian personnel benefits 5 5 5
21.0 Travel and transportation of persons 2 1 1
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 3 3
25.5 Research and development contracts 10 3 3
41.0 Grants, subsidies, and contributions 731 854 704



99.0 Direct obligations 770 888 738
99.0 Reimbursable obligations 9 9 9



99.9 Total new obligations 779 897 747

Employment Summary


Identification code 12–1500–0–1–352 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

1001 Direct civilian full-time equivalent employment 234 247 249

Buildings and Facilities

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–1501–0–1–352 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 1 2
1021 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations 2



1050 Unobligated balance (total) 3 2
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1131 Unobligated balance of appropriations permanently reduced –1 –2



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) –1 –2
1930 Total budgetary resources available 2
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 2

Change in obligated balance:
Obligated balance, start of year (net):
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 (gross) 4 2 2
3080 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, unexpired –2
Obligated balance, end of year (net):
3090 Unpaid obligations, end of year (gross) 2 2 2



3100 Obligated balance, end of year (net) 2 2 2

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross –1 –2
4180 Budget authority, net (total) –1 –2

Funds provide grants to States and other eligible recipients for the acquisition of land, construction, repair, improvement, extension, alteration and purchase of fixed equipment or facilities to carry out agricultural research, extension, and teaching programs. No funding has been appropriated to this account since 1997.

Extension Activities

For payments to States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, Guam, the Virgin Islands, Micronesia, the Northern Marianas, and American Samoa, [$475,183,000] $462,473,000, as follows: payments for cooperative extension work under the Smith-Lever Act, to be distributed under sections 3(b) and 3(c) of said Act, and under section 208(c) of Public Law 93–471, for retirement and employees' compensation costs for extension agents, [$294,000,000] $292,411,000; payments for extension work at the 1994 Institutions under the Smith-Lever Act (7 U.S.C. 343(b)(3)), $4,312,000; payments for the nutrition and family education program for low-income areas under section 3(d) of the Act, $67,934,000; [payments for the pest management program under section 3(d) of the Act, $9,918,000;] payments for the farm safety program and youth farm safety education and certification extension grants under section 3(d) of the Act, $4,610,000; payments for New Technologies for Agriculture Extension under section 3(d) of the Act, [$1,550,000] $1,750,000; payments to upgrade research, extension, and teaching facilities at institutions eligible to receive funds under 7 U.S.C. 3221 and 3222, $19,730,000, to remain available until expended; payments for youth-at-risk programs under section 3(d) of the Smith-Lever Act, [$7,600,000] $8,395,000; payments for carrying out the provisions of the Renewable Resources Extension Act of 1978 (16 U.S.C. 1671 et seq.), [$3,700,000] $4,060,000; payments for the federally recognized Tribes Extension Program under section 3(d) of the Smith-Lever Act, $3,039,000; payments for sustainable agriculture programs under section 3(d) of the Act, $4,696,000; [payments for rural health and safety education as authorized by section 502(i) of Public Law 92–419 (7 U.S.C. 2662(i)), $1,500,000;] payments for cooperative extension work by eligible institutions (7 U.S.C. 3221), $42,592,000, provided that each institution receives no less than $1,000,000; [for grants to youth organizations pursuant to 7 U.S.C. 7630, $750,000; payments to carry out the food animal residue avoidance database program as authorized by 7 U.S.C. 7642, $1,000,000;] payments to carry out section 1672(e)(49) of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5925), as amended, $400,000; and for necessary expenses of Extension Activities, [$7,852,000] $8,544,000. (Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2012.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–0502–0–1–352 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Smith-Lever Act, 3(b) and 3(c) 293 294 292
0002 Youth at risk 8 8 8
0004 Expanded food and nutrition education program (EFNEP) 67 68 68
0005 Pest management 9 10
0006 Farm Safety 4 5 4
0009 Federally Recognized Tribes Extension Program 3 3 3
0013 Payments to 1890 colleges and Tuskegee Univ. and West Virginia State University 42 43 43
0015 Renewable resources extension act 4 4 4
0016 Federal administration 8 8 9
0019 1890 facilities (section 1447) 18 26 20
0021 Sustainable agriculture 4 5 5
0022 1994 institutions activities 4 4 4
0024 Rural health and safety education 1 2
0025 Grants to youth serving organizations 1 1
0026 Risk management education 5 5 5
0027 New technologies for ag. extension 1 2 2
0028 Healthy Urban Enterprise Development 1
0029 Beginning Farmers and Ranchers Development Program 19 19
0030 Food Animal Residue Avoidance Database 1 1



0799 Total direct obligations 493 508 467
0801 Reimbursable program activity 47 50 50



0900 Total new obligations 540 558 517

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 1 9
1021 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations 5



1050 Unobligated balance (total) 6 9
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 480 475 462
1130 Appropriations permanently reduced –1



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 479 475 462
Appropriations, mandatory:
1200 Appropriation 1
1221 Transferred from other accounts [12–4085] 5 5 5
1221 Transferred from other accounts [12–4336] 19 19



1260 Appropriations, mandatory (total) 25 24 5
Spending authority from offsetting collections, discretionary:
1700 Collected 3 50 50
1701 Change in uncollected payments, Federal sources 47



1750 Spending auth from offsetting collections, disc (total) 50 50 50
1900 Budget authority (total) 554 549 517
1930 Total budgetary resources available 560 558 517
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1940 Unobligated balance expiring –11
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 9

Change in obligated balance:
Obligated balance, start of year (net):
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 (gross) 569 695 506
3001 Adjustments to unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 40
3010 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, brought forward, Oct 1 –46 –127 –127
3011 Adjustments to uncollected pymts, Fed sources, brought forward, Oct 1 –40



3020 Obligated balance, start of year (net) 523 568 379
3030 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 540 558 517
3031 Obligations incurred, expired accounts 47
3040 Outlays (gross) –488 –747 –786
3050 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired –47
3051 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, expired 6
3080 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, unexpired –5
3081 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, expired –8
Obligated balance, end of year (net):
3090 Unpaid obligations, end of year (gross) 695 506 237
3091 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, end of year –127 –127 –127



3100 Obligated balance, end of year (net) 568 379 110

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 529 525 512
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 163 334 326
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 312 403 432



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 475 737 758
Offsets against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (collected) from:
4030 Federal sources –37 –50 –50
4033 Non-Federal sources –1



4040 Offsets against gross budget authority and outlays (total) –38 –50 –50
Additional offsets against gross budget authority only:
4050 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired –47
4052 Offsetting collections credited to expired accounts 35



4060 Additional offsets against budget authority only (total) –12



4070 Budget authority, net (discretionary) 479 475 462
4080 Outlays, net (discretionary) 437 687 708
Mandatory:
4090 Budget authority, gross 25 24 5
Outlays, gross:
4100 Outlays from new mandatory authority 1 5 3
4101 Outlays from mandatory balances 12 5 25



4110 Outlays, gross (total) 13 10 28
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 504 499 467
4190 Outlays, net (total) 450 697 736

The Cooperative Extension System, a national educational network, is a dynamic organization pledged to meeting the country's needs for research-based educational programs that will enable people to make practical decisions to improve their lives. To accomplish its mission, the Cooperative Extension System adjusts programs to meet the shifting needs and priorities of the people it serves.

The non-formal educational network combines the expertise and resources of Federal, State, and local partners. The partners in this unique System are: a) The National Institute of Food and Agriculture at the U.S. Department of Agriculture; b) Extension professionals at land-grant universities throughout the United States and its territories; and c) Extension professionals in nearly all of the Nation's 3,150 counties. Thousands of paraprofessionals and nearly 3 million volunteers support this partnership and magnify its impact. Strong linkages with both public and private external groups are also crucial to the Cooperative Extension System's strength and vitality.

Programs supported with Smith-Lever 3(b) and (c) legislated formula funds are the major educational efforts central to the mission of the System and common to most Extension units. These programs are the foundation of the Extension organization and partnership that are intended to increase the number of community-based projects, families, and individuals reached to disseminate research findings as widely and quickly as possible. The use of electronic mail, satellite transmission of courses, and computer-assisted instruction are encouraged to communicate ideas. The 2013 Budget proposes Smith-Lever 3(b) and (c) programs to be funded at $292.4 million, which is a $1.6 million decrease from the 2012 enacted level.

Extension resources are provided to the States by these formula funds and competitively-awarded programs such as sustainable agriculture. Smith-Lever 3(b) and (c) funds and payments to the 1890 colleges and Tuskegee University and West Virginia State University, funded at $42.6 million in the 2013 Budget request, provide funds to support the Extension's infrastructure.

Designated programs funded by Smith-Lever 3(d) include the Expanded Food and Nutrition Education Program (EFNEP); New Technologies for Agricultural Extension; Children, Youth and Families at Risk; Farm Safety Program and Youth Farm Safety Education and Certification; Sustainable Agriculture; and Federally-Recognized Tribes Extension Program. The 2013 Budget includes $90.4 million for these programs. Other Extension programs supported in the 2013 Budget include Extension Services at 1994 Institutions at $4.3 million, Renewable Resources Extension Act at $4.0 million, 1890 Facilities Grants at $19.7 million, and Women and Minorities in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics Fields at $0.4 million.

Beginning Farmer and Rancher Development Program._This mandatory program, authorized by section 7410 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (FCEA), 2008 Farm Bill, provides funding to support the development of education, outreach, curricula, workshops, educational teams, training, and technical assistance programs to assist beginning farmers and ranchers in the United States and its territories in entering, building, and managing successful farm and ranch enterprises. This program also provides support for an online electronic and library clearinghouse to provide associated support to individually funded projects, and the overall program. The program expires at the end of September 2012.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–0502–0–1–352 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Direct obligations:
11.1 Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent 13 14 14
12.1 Civilian personnel benefits 3 3 3
21.0 Travel and transportation of persons 1 1 1
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 2 2 2
25.4 Operation and maintenance of facilities 1 1 1
25.5 Research and development contracts 1 1 1
41.0 Grants, subsidies, and contributions 468 486 445



99.0 Direct obligations 489 508 467
99.0 Reimbursable obligations 51 50 50



99.9 Total new obligations 540 558 517

Employment Summary


Identification code 12–0502–0–1–352 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

1001 Direct civilian full-time equivalent employment 155 155 152

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Federal Funds

Salaries and Expenses

(including transfers of funds)

For necessary expenses of the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, including up to $30,000 for representation allowances and for expenses pursuant to the Foreign Service Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 4085), [$816,534,000] $762,418,000, of which [$1,000,000] $1,984,000, to [be] remain available until expended, shall be available for the control of outbreaks of insects, plant diseases, animal diseases and for control of pest animals and birds ("contingency fund'') to the extent necessary to meet emergency conditions; of which [$17,848,000] $8,915,000, to remain available until expended, shall be used for the cotton pests program for cost share purposes or for debt retirement for active eradication zones; of which [$32,500,000] $37,858,000, to remain available until expended, shall be for Animal Health Technical Services; of which [$696,000] $493,000 shall be for activities under the authority of the Horse Protection Act of 1970, as amended (15 U.S.C. 1831); of which [$52,000,000] $49,741,000, to remain available until expended, shall be used to support avian health; of which [$4,335,000] $4,167,000, to remain available until expended, shall be for information technology infrastructure; of which [$153,950,000] $151,055,000, to remain available until expended, shall be for specialty crop pests; of which, [$9,068,000] $8,867,000, to remain available until expended, shall be for field crop and rangeland ecosystem pests; of which [$55,638,000] $43,919,000, to remain available until expended, shall be for tree and wood pests; of which [$2,750,000] $2,265,000, to remain available until expended, shall be for the National Veterinary Stockpile; of which up to $1,500,000, to remain available until expended, shall be for the scrapie program for indemnities; [of which $1,000,000, to remain available until expended, shall be for wildlife services methods development;] of which $1,500,000, to remain available until expended, shall be for the wildlife damage management program for aviation safety[; and up to 25 percent of] : Provided, That, of amounts available under this heading for wildlife services methods development, $1,000,000 shall remain available until expended: Provided further, That, of amounts available under this heading for the screwworm program, $4,971,000 shall remain available until expended: Provided further, That no funds shall be used to formulate or administer a brucellosis eradication program for the current fiscal year that does not require minimum matching by the States of at least 40 percent: Provided further, That this appropriation shall be available for the operation and maintenance of aircraft and the purchase of not to exceed four, of which two shall be for replacement only: Provided further, That, in addition, in emergencies which threaten any segment of the agricultural production industry of this country, the Secretary may transfer from other appropriations or funds available to the agencies or corporations of the Department such sums as may be deemed necessary, to be available only in such emergencies for the arrest and eradication of contagious or infectious disease or pests of animals, poultry, or plants, and for expenses in accordance with sections 10411 and 10417 of the Animal Health Protection Act (7 U.S.C. 8310 and 8316) and sections 431 and 442 of the Plant Protection Act (7 U.S.C. 7751 and 7772), and any unexpended balances of funds transferred for such emergency purposes in the preceding fiscal year shall be merged with such transferred amounts: Provided further, That appropriations hereunder shall be available pursuant to law (7 U.S.C. 2250) for the repair and alteration of leased buildings and improvements, but unless otherwise provided the cost of altering any one building during the fiscal year shall not exceed 10 percent of the current replacement value of the building.

In fiscal year [2012] 2013, the agency is authorized to collect fees to cover the total costs of providing technical assistance, goods, or services requested by States, other political subdivisions, domestic and international organizations, foreign governments, or individuals, provided that such fees are structured such that any entity's liability for such fees is reasonably based on the technical assistance, goods, or services provided to the entity by the agency, and such fees shall be reimbursed to this account, to remain available until expended, without further appropriation, for providing such assistance, goods, or services. (Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2012.)

Special and Trust Fund Receipts (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–1600–0–1–352 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

0100 Balance, start of year
Receipts:
0200 1990 Food, Agricultural Quarantine Inspection Fees 535 540 545
0220 Fees, Animal and Plant Health Inspection User Fee Account 20



0299 Total receipts and collections 535 540 565



0400 Total: Balances and collections 535 540 565
Appropriations:
0500 Salaries and Expenses –535 –540 –545



0799 Balance, end of year 20

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–1600–0–1–352 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Animal Health 328 305 283
0002 Plant Health 336 322 316
0003 Wildlife Services 89 91 84
0004 Regulatory Management 28 34 33
0005 Emergency Management 19 21 19
0006 Safe Trade and International Technical Assistance 33 33 31
0007 Animal Welfare 24 28 25
0008 Agency Management 11 10 9
0009 Other Direct Funding 5
0010 Emergency Program Funding 41 5
0011 Agricultural Quarantine Inspection User Fees 191 192 193
0012 H1N1 Transfer From HHS 3 10 7
0013 2008 Farm Bill, Sections 10201 and 10202 52 56 50
0014 Homeland Security Supplemental 1



0100 Total direct program 1,161 1,107 1,050



0799 Total direct obligations 1,161 1,107 1,050
0801 Reimbursable program 159 159 160



0900 Total new obligations 1,320 1,266 1,210

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 243 280 254
1021 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations 23



1050 Unobligated balance (total) 266 280 254
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 865 817 762
1121 Transferred from other accounts [12–4336] 11
1130 Appropriations permanently reduced –2
1131 Unobligated balance of appropriations permanently reduced –11



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 863 817 762
Appropriations, mandatory:
1201 Appropriation (AQI User Fees) 535 540 545
1220 Transferred to other accounts [70–0530] –319 –325 –329
1221 Transferred from other accounts [12–4336] 55 55 50



1260 Appropriations, mandatory (total) 271 270 266
Spending authority from offsetting collections, discretionary:
1700 Collected 151 153 154
1701 Change in uncollected payments, Federal sources 59



1750 Spending auth from offsetting collections, disc (total) 210 153 154
1900 Budget authority (total) 1,344 1,240 1,182
1930 Total budgetary resources available 1,610 1,520 1,436
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1940 Unobligated balance expiring –10
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 280 254 226

Change in obligated balance:
Obligated balance, start of year (net):
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 (gross) 432 414 325
3010 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, brought forward, Oct 1 –23 –75 –75



3020 Obligated balance, start of year (net) 409 339 250
3030 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 1,320 1,266 1,210
3031 Obligations incurred, expired accounts 260
3040 Outlays (gross) –1,315 –1,355 –1,281
3050 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired –59
3051 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, expired 7
3080 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, unexpired –23
3081 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, expired –260
Obligated balance, end of year (net):
3090 Unpaid obligations, end of year (gross) 414 325 254
3091 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, end of year –75 –75 –75



3100 Obligated balance, end of year (net) 339 250 179

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 1,073 970 916
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 810 847 802
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 288 239 209



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 1,098 1,086 1,011
Offsets against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (collected) from:
4030 Federal sources –42 –32 –32
4033 Non-Federal sources –117 –121 –122



4040 Offsets against gross budget authority and outlays (total) –159 –153 –154
Additional offsets against gross budget authority only:
4050 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired –59
4052 Offsetting collections credited to expired accounts 8



4060 Additional offsets against budget authority only (total) –51



4070 Budget authority, net (discretionary) 863 817 762
4080 Outlays, net (discretionary) 939 933 857
Mandatory:
4090 Budget authority, gross 271 270 266
Outlays, gross:
4100 Outlays from new mandatory authority 176 224 223
4101 Outlays from mandatory balances 41 45 47



4110 Outlays, gross (total) 217 269 270
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 1,134 1,087 1,028
4190 Outlays, net (total) 1,156 1,202 1,127

The Secretary of Agriculture established the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) on April 2, 1972, under the authority of Reorganization Plan No. 2 of 1953 and other authorities. The mission of the Agency is to protect the health and value of American agriculture and natural resources and is carried out using three major areas of activity, as follows:

Safeguarding and Emergency Preparedness/Response - APHIS monitors plant and animal health throughout the world and uses the information to set effective agricultural import policies to prevent the introduction of foreign plant and animal pests and diseases. Should a pest or disease enter the United States, APHIS works cooperatively with other Federal, State, and industry partners to conduct plant and animal health monitoring programs to rapidly diagnose them and determine if there is a need to establish new pest or disease management programs. APHIS, in conjunction with States, industry, and other stakeholders, protects American agriculture by eradicating harmful pests and diseases or, where eradication is not feasible, by minimizing their economic impact. APHIS makes judicious use of resources by identifying instances when neither eradication nor management may be possible. The Agency monitors endemic pests and diseases through surveys to detect their locations and works with States and other programs to enact regulatory controls and conduct outreach to prevent the spread of pests and diseases into non-infested parts of the country. The Agency maintains a cadre of trained professionals prepared to respond immediately to potential animal and plant health emergencies. Program personnel investigate reports of suspected exotic pests and diseases and take emergency action if necessary. Through its Wildlife Services program, APHIS protects agriculture from damage caused by animal predators through identification, demonstration, and application of the most appropriate methods of control. The Agency's regulations also allow the benefits of genetic research to safely enter the marketplace, while protecting against the release of potentially harmful organisms into the environment. APHIS also conducts diagnostic laboratory activities that support the Agency's veterinary disease and plant pest prevention, detection, control, and eradication programs. The Agency also provides and directs technology development to support plant and animal protection programs of the Agency and its cooperators at the State, national, and international levels.

Safe Trade and International Technical Assistance - Sanitary (animal) and phytosanitary (plant) (SPS) regulations can have a significant impact on market access for the United States as an exporter of agricultural products. APHIS plays a central role in resolving technical trade issues to ensure the smooth and safe movement of agricultural commodities into and out of the United States. APHIS helps to protect the United States from emerging plant and animal pests and diseases while meeting obligations under the World Trade Organization's SPS agreement by assisting developing countries in improving their safeguarding systems. APHIS develops and implements programs designed to identify and reduce agricultural pest and disease threats while still outside of U.S. borders, to enhance safe agricultural trade, and to strengthen emergency response preparedness.

Animal Welfare - The Agency conducts regulatory activities to ensure the humane care and treatment of animals, including horses, as required by the Animal Welfare Act of 1966 as amended (7 U.S.C. 2131–2159), and the Horse Protection Act of 1970 as amended (15 U.S.C. 1821–1831). These activities include inspection of certain establishments that handle animals intended for research, exhibition, and sale as pets, and monitoring of certain horse shows.

APHIS' 2013 budget request of $762 million is an overall reduction of $54 million from 2012. One priority for APHIS is continuing implementation of the revamped Animal Disease Traceability program. The Agency has proposed an increase to support the efforts, while proposing reductions in other areas. Some reductions are a result of programs achieving success, such as nearing eradication for the cotton pests of pink bollworm and boll weevil, and the Agency's enhanced ability to prepare for, detect, and respond to avian health issues. Other reductions are due to a change in focus for managing pests and diseases such as the movement towards education and outreach to prevent the human assisted spread of tree and wood pests, and the changing Federal responsibilities and contributions towards addressing cervid health issues where success relies heavily on the actions of producers and industry.

In an effort to further right-size activities, APHIS reviewed animal health surveillance plans and identified areas where current plans exceed what is required for international trading standards as well as collection approaches to increase efficiencies, resulting in significant savings for the Agency in 2013 represented in the animal health lines. Additionally, the Agency identified $5.3 million in reductions related to changes in efficient operations and practices.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–1600–0–1–352 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation:
11.1 Full-time permanent 443 438 427
11.3 Other than full-time permanent 6 5 4
11.5 Other personnel compensation 3 3 2



11.9 Total personnel compensation 452 446 433
12.1 Civilian personnel benefits 145 144 139
13.0 Benefits for former personnel 2 4 2
21.0 Travel and transportation of persons 26 28 28
22.0 Transportation of things 2 2 2
23.1 Rent, Communications, and Utilities 37 37 37
24.0 Printing and reproduction 1 1 1
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 418 356 330
26.0 Supplies and materials 48 52 48
31.0 Equipment 19 18 15
32.0 Land and structures 1 1
41.0 Other grants, subsidies, and contributions 8 17 13
42.0 Other insurance claims and indemnities 3 1 1



99.0 Direct obligations 1,161 1,107 1,050
99.0 Reimbursable obligations 159 159 160



99.9 Total new obligations 1,320 1,266 1,210

Employment Summary


Identification code 12–1600–0–1–352 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

1001 Direct civilian full-time equivalent employment 6,152 6,059 5,905
2001 Reimbursable civilian full-time equivalent employment 1,627 1,627 1,627

Buildings and Facilities

For plans, construction, repair, preventive maintenance, environmental support, improvement, extension, alteration, and purchase of fixed equipment or facilities, as authorized by 7 U.S.C. 2250, and acquisition of land as authorized by 7 U.S.C. 428a, [$3,200,000] $3,175,000, to remain available until expended. (Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2012.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–1601–0–1–352 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Buildings and facilities 8 4 3



0900 Total new obligations (object class 25.2) 8 4 3

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 7 2 1
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 4 3 3
1131 Unobligated balance of appropriations permanently reduced –1



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 3 3 3
1930 Total budgetary resources available 10 5 4
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 2 1 1

Change in obligated balance:
Obligated balance, start of year (net):
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 (gross) 5 8 8
3030 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 8 4 3
3040 Outlays (gross) –5 –4 –6
Obligated balance, end of year (net):
3090 Unpaid obligations, end of year (gross) 8 8 5



3100 Obligated balance, end of year (net) 8 8 5

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 3 3 3
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 1 1 1
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 4 3 5



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 5 4 6
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 3 3 3
4190 Outlays, net (total) 5 4 6

The buildings and facilities account provides for plans, construction, repair, preventive maintenance, environmental support, improvement, extension, alteration, purchase of fixed equipment or facilities, and acquisition of land, as needed, for Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) operated facilities, which include animal quarantine stations, border inspection stations, sterile insect rearing facilities, and laboratories.

For these activities, the 2013 Budget proposes $3.175 million which includes funding to address safety issues with several facilities.

Trust Funds

Miscellaneous Trust Funds

Special and Trust Fund Receipts (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–9971–0–7–352 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

0100 Balance, start of year
Receipts:
0220 Deposits of Miscellaneous Contributed Funds, APHIS 9 12 12



0400 Total: Balances and collections 9 12 12
Appropriations:
0500 Miscellaneous Trust Funds –9 –12 –12



0799 Balance, end of year

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–9971–0–7–352 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Miscellaneous trust funds 15 16 16

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 18 13 9
1021 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations 1



1050 Unobligated balance (total) 19 13 9
Budget authority:
Appropriations, mandatory:
1201 Appropriation (special or trust fund) 9 12 12



1260 Appropriations, mandatory (total) 9 12 12
1930 Total budgetary resources available 28 25 21
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 13 9 5

Change in obligated balance:
Obligated balance, start of year (net):
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 (gross) 1 1 4
3030 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 15 16 16
3040 Outlays (gross) –14 –13 –12
3080 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, unexpired –1
Obligated balance, end of year (net):
3090 Unpaid obligations, end of year (gross) 1 4 8



3100 Obligated balance, end of year (net) 1 4 8

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Mandatory:
4090 Budget authority, gross 9 12 12
Outlays, gross:
4100 Outlays from new mandatory authority 9 7 7
4101 Outlays from mandatory balances 5 6 5



4110 Outlays, gross (total) 14 13 12
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 9 12 12
4190 Outlays, net (total) 14 13 12

The following services are financed by fees and miscellaneous contributions advanced by importers, manufacturers, States, organizations, individuals, and others:

Miscellaneous contributed funds._Funds are received from States, local organizations, individuals, and others and are available for plant and animal quarantine inspection and cooperative plant and animal disease and pest control activities (7 U.S.C. 450b, 2220).

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–9971–0–7–352 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Direct obligations:
11.1 Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent 7 9 9
12.1 Civilian personnel benefits 2 2 2
21.0 Travel and transportation of persons 3 2 2
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 2 2 2
26.0 Supplies and materials 1 1 1



99.9 Total new obligations 15 16 16

Employment Summary


Identification code 12–9971–0–7–352 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

1001 Direct civilian full-time equivalent employment 150 150 150

Food Safety and Inspection Service

Federal Funds

Food Safety and Inspection Service

For necessary expenses to carry out services authorized by the Federal Meat Inspection Act, the Poultry Products Inspection Act, and the Egg Products Inspection Act, including not to exceed $50,000 for representation allowances and for expenses pursuant to section 8 of the Act approved August 3, 1956 (7 U.S.C. 1766), [$1,004,427,000] $995,503,000; and in addition, $1,000,000 may be credited to this account from fees collected for the cost of laboratory accreditation as authorized by section 1327 of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation and Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 138f): Provided, That funds provided for the Public Health Data Communication Infrastructure system shall remain available until expended: Provided further, That no fewer than 148 full-time equivalent positions shall be employed during fiscal year [2012] 2013 for purposes dedicated solely to inspections and enforcement related to the Humane Methods of Slaughter Act: Provided further, That the Food Safety and Inspection Service shall continue implementation of section 11016 of Public Law 110–246: Provided further, That this appropriation shall be available pursuant to law (7 U.S.C. 2250) for the alteration and repair of buildings and improvements, but the cost of altering any one building during the fiscal year shall not exceed 10 percent of the current replacement value of the building. (Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2012.)

Special and Trust Fund Receipts (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–3700–0–1–554 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

0100 Balance, start of year
Receipts:
0220 Fees, Food Safety Inspection User Fee Account 13



0400 Total: Balances and collections 13



0799 Balance, end of year 13

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–3700–0–1–554 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Salaries and expenses 1,007 1,005 996
0801 Reimbursable program 168 153 153



0900 Total new obligations 1,175 1,158 1,149

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 23 6 5
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 1,009 1,004 996
1120 Transferred to other accounts [12–3700] –26 –35
1121 Transferred from other accounts [12–3700] 26 35
1130 Appropriations permanently reduced –2



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 1,007 1,004 996
Spending authority from offsetting collections, discretionary:
1700 Collected 153 153 153
1701 Change in uncollected payments, Federal sources –1



1750 Spending auth from offsetting collections, disc (total) 152 153 153
1900 Budget authority (total) 1,159 1,157 1,149
1930 Total budgetary resources available 1,182 1,163 1,154
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1940 Unobligated balance expiring –1
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 6 5 5

Change in obligated balance:
Obligated balance, start of year (net):
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 (gross) 200 186 188
3010 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, brought forward, Oct 1 –32 –28 –28



3020 Obligated balance, start of year (net) 168 158 160
3030 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 1,175 1,158 1,149
3031 Obligations incurred, expired accounts 9
3040 Outlays (gross) –1,186 –1,156 –1,151
3050 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired 1
3051 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, expired 3
3081 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, expired –12
Obligated balance, end of year (net):
3090 Unpaid obligations, end of year (gross) 186 188 186
3091 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, end of year –28 –28 –28



3100 Obligated balance, end of year (net) 158 160 158

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 1,159 1,157 1,149
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 1,018 987 981
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 168 169 170



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 1,186 1,156 1,151
Offsets against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (collected) from:
4030 Federal sources –2 –2 –2
4033 Non-Federal sources –153 –151 –151



4040 Offsets against gross budget authority and outlays (total) –155 –153 –153
Additional offsets against gross budget authority only:
4050 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired 1
4052 Offsetting collections credited to expired accounts 2



4060 Additional offsets against budget authority only (total) 3



4070 Budget authority, net (discretionary) 1,007 1,004 996
4080 Outlays, net (discretionary) 1,031 1,003 998
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 1,007 1,004 996
4190 Outlays, net (total) 1,031 1,003 998

The primary objective of the Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) is to ensure that meat, poultry, and egg products are wholesome, unadulterated, and properly labeled and packaged, as required by the Federal Meat Inspection Act, the Poultry Products Inspection Act, and the Egg Products Inspection Act. In carrying out this mission, FSIS oversight responsibility covers a significant percentage of American spending on food. Providing adequate resources for Federal food safety agencies is a priority of the Administration. The 2013 Budget proposes $995.5 million for inspection of meat, poultry and egg products, which is a $8.9 million decrease from the 2012 enacted level. The proposed budget contains an increase for installing time clocks in plants for accurate timekeeping and a decrease due to implementation of new methods of poultry inspection. In addition, the budget proposes two user fees. The first is a performance-based user fee, which will be charged to plants that have sample failures or require additional inspection activities due to regulatory non-compliance. The second one is a basic inspection user fee that would recover a part of the cost of providing basic inspections at covered establishments and plants, as determined by the Secretary.

FEDERALLY FUNDED INSPECTION ACTIVITIES


FEDERALLY FUNDED INSPECTION ACTIVITIES 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Federally inspected establishments:
Slaughter Plants: 128 130 130
Processing Plants: 3,930 3,999 3,999
Combination slaughter and processing plants 844 859 859
Talmadge-Aiken plants 364 370 370
Import Establishments 138 138 138
Egg plants 83 84 84
Other plants 803 817 817
Federally inspected and passed production (millions of pounds):
Meat Slaughter 49,294 49,511 49,729
Poultry Slaughter 58,301 58,557 58,815
Egg products 3,908 3,925 3,942
Import/export activity (millions of pounds):
Meat and poultry imported 2,900 3,100 3,200
Meat and poultry exported 16,970 17,170 17,500
Intrastate inspection:1
Intrastate inspection 27 27 27
Talmadge-Aiken inspection 9 9 9
Number of slaughter and/or processing plants (excludes exempt plants) 1,711 1,733 1,733
Compliance activities:
Investigations and surveillance activities 14,012 14,100 14,200
Enforcement actions completed 1,493 1,510 1,520
Product Testing (samples analyzed):
Food Chemistry 2,245 2,245 2,245
Food Microbiology 95,958 95,958 95,958
Chemical Residues 26,443 26,443 26,443
Antibiotic Residues 210,365 210,365 210,365
Pathology Samples 5,284 5,284 5,284
Egg Products:
Food microbiology 1,651 1,651 1,651
Consumer Education and public outreach:
Meat and poultry hotline calls received 64,609 65,000 65,000
Website visits 22,856,878 22,857,000 22,857,000
Electronic messages received 4,216 4,300 4,300
Publications distributed2 802,740 750,000 700,000
E-mail alert service subscribers 99,903 100,000 100,000
Epidemiological Investigations:
Cooperative efforts with State and public health offices 40 59 59
Illnesses reported and treated 3 1,127 3,150 3,150

1States with cooperative agreements which are operating programs.2Did not print or reprint publications due to financial constraints and increased use of social media and web-based publications.3Data must be collected over a number of years to chart national trends and estimate the incidence of foodborne illness and treatment.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–3700–0–1–554 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation:
11.1 Full-time permanent 551 551 540
11.3 Other than full-time permanent 12 12 12
11.5 Other personnel compensation 39 39 39



11.9 Total personnel compensation 602 602 591
12.1 Civilian personnel benefits 208 208 203
13.0 Benefits for former personnel 1 1 1
21.0 Travel and transportation of persons 43 41 40
22.0 Transportation of things 2 2 3
23.1 Rental payments to GSA 1 1 1
23.3 Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous charges 14 14 14
24.0 Printing and reproduction 1 1 1
25.1 Advisory and assistance services 3 3 3
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 43 43 49
25.3 Other goods and services from Federal sources 19 19 19
25.7 Operation and maintenance of equipment 1 1 2
26.0 Supplies and materials 12 12 12
31.0 Equipment 4 4 5
41.0 Grants, subsidies, and contributions 52 51 50



99.0 Direct obligations 1,006 1,003 994
99.0 Reimbursable obligations 168 153 153
99.5 Below reporting threshold 1 2 2



99.9 Total new obligations 1,175 1,158 1,149

Employment Summary


Identification code 12–3700–0–1–554 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

1001 Direct civilian full-time equivalent employment 9,465 9,540 9,040
2001 Reimbursable civilian full-time equivalent employment 27 27 27

Trust Funds

Expenses and Refunds, Inspection and Grading of Farm Products

Special and Trust Fund Receipts (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–8137–0–7–352 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

0100 Balance, start of year
Receipts:
0220 Deposits of Fees, Inspection and Grading of Farm Products, Food Safety and Quality Service 11 10 10



0400 Total: Balances and collections 11 10 10
Appropriations:
0500 Expenses and Refunds, Inspection and Grading of Farm Products –11 –10 –10



0799 Balance, end of year

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–8137–0–7–352 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Expenses and refunds, inspection and grading of farm products 12 10 10

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 4 3 3
Budget authority:
Appropriations, mandatory:
1201 Appropriation (special or trust fund) 11 10 10



1260 Appropriations, mandatory (total) 11 10 10
1900 Budget authority (total) 11 10 10
1930 Total budgetary resources available 15 13 13
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 3 3 3

Change in obligated balance:
Obligated balance, start of year (net):
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 (gross) 1 1 1
3030 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 12 10 10
3040 Outlays (gross) –12 –10 –10
Obligated balance, end of year (net):
3090 Unpaid obligations, end of year (gross) 1 1 1



3100 Obligated balance, end of year (net) 1 1 1

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Mandatory:
4090 Budget authority, gross 11 10 10
Outlays, gross:
4100 Outlays from new mandatory authority 9 10 10
4101 Outlays from mandatory balances 3



4110 Outlays, gross (total) 12 10 10
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 11 10 10
4190 Outlays, net (total) 12 10 10

Under authority of the Agricultural Marketing Act of 1946, Federal meat and poultry inspection services are provided upon request and for a fee in cases where inspection is not mandated by statute. This service includes: certifying products for export beyond the requirements of export certificates; inspecting certain animals and poultry intended for human food where inspection is not required by statute, such as buffalo, rabbit, and quail; and inspecting products intended for animal consumption.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–8137–0–7–352 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation:
11.1 Full-time permanent 6 5 5
11.5 Other personnel compensation 3 3 3



11.9 Total personnel compensation 9 8 8
12.1 Civilian personnel benefits 2 2 2
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 1



99.9 Total new obligations 12 10 10

Employment Summary


Identification code 12–8137–0–7–352 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

1001 Direct civilian full-time equivalent employment 81 81 81

Grain Inspection, Packers and Stockyards Administration

Federal Funds

Salaries and Expenses

For necessary expenses of the Grain Inspection, Packers and Stockyards Administration, [$37,750,000] $40,261,000: Provided, That this appropriation shall be available pursuant to law (7 U.S.C. 2250) for the alteration and repair of buildings and improvements, but the cost of altering any one building during the fiscal year shall not exceed 10 percent of the current replacement value of the building. (Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2012.)

Special and Trust Fund Receipts (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–2400–0–1–352 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

0100 Balance, start of year
Receipts:
0220 Fees, Grain Inspection, Packers and Stockyards User Fee Account 27



0400 Total: Balances and collections 27



0799 Balance, end of year 27

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–2400–0–1–352 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Standardization 7 5 7
0002 Compliance 7 6 7
0003 Methods development 5 6 5
0004 Packers and stockyards program 21 21 22



0799 Total direct obligations 40 38 41
0801 Reimbursable program 1 3



0900 Total new obligations 41 41 41

Budgetary Resources:
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 40 38 40



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 40 38 40
Spending authority from offsetting collections, discretionary:
1700 Collected 1 3 3



1750 Spending auth from offsetting collections, disc (total) 1 3 3
1900 Budget authority (total) 41 41 43
1930 Total budgetary resources available 41 41 43
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 2

Change in obligated balance:
Obligated balance, start of year (net):
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 (gross) 7 6 7
3010 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, brought forward, Oct 1 –1



3020 Obligated balance, start of year (net) 6 6 7
3030 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 41 41 41
3031 Obligations incurred, expired accounts 7
3040 Outlays (gross) –42 –34 –43
3051 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, expired 1
3081 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, expired –7 –6
Obligated balance, end of year (net):
3090 Unpaid obligations, end of year (gross) 6 7 5



3100 Obligated balance, end of year (net) 6 7 5

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 41 41 43
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 37 34 36
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 5 7



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 42 34 43
Offsets against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (collected) from:
4030 Federal sources –2 –3 –3
Additional offsets against gross budget authority only:
4052 Offsetting collections credited to expired accounts 1



4070 Budget authority, net (discretionary) 40 38 40
4080 Outlays, net (discretionary) 40 31 40
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 40 38 40
4190 Outlays, net (total) 40 31 40

The Grain Inspection, Packers and Stockyards Administration's (GIPSA) Grain Regulatory Program promotes and enforces the accurate and uniform application of the United States Grain Standards Act (USGSA) and applicable provisions of the Agricultural Marketing Act of 1946. GIPSA identifies, evaluates, and implements new or improved techniques for measuring grain quality. GIPSA also establishes and updates testing and grading standards to facilitate the marketing of U.S. grain, oilseeds, and related products. GIPSA briefs foreign buyers, assesses foreign inspection and weighing techniques, and responds to foreign quality and quantity complaints.

GIPSA's Packers and Stockyards Program (P&SP) promotes fair business practices, financial integrity, and competitive environments to market livestock, meat, and poultry. Through its oversight activities, including monitoring programs, reviews, and investigations, P&SP fosters fair competition, provides payment protection, and guards against deceptive and fraudulent trade practices that affect the movement and price of meat animals and their products. P&SP's work protects consumers and members of the livestock, meat, and poultry industries. P&SP enforces the Packers and Stockyards (P&S) Act, which prohibits unfair, deceptive, and unjust discriminatory practices by market agencies, dealers, stockyards, packers, swine contractors, and live poultry dealers in the livestock, meat packing, and poultry industries. The P&S Act provides an important safety net for livestock producers and poultry growers in rural America. P&SP conducts routine and ongoing regulatory inspections and audits to assess whether subject entities are operating in compliance with the Act, and conducts investigations of potential P&S Act violations identified by either industry complaints or previous GIPSA regulatory inspections. The 2013 Budget requests $40.3 million, an increase of $2.5 million above the 2012 enacted Level to purchase necessary equipment, including scientific equipment, supplies, and other support expenses.

MAIN WORKLOAD FACTORS


Grain Regulatory Program 2011 actual 2012 estimate 2013 estimate

U.S. standards and factors (attribute tests) in effect at end of year 129 129 129
Standards reviews and factors in progress 4 7 6
Standards reviews and factors completed 2 4 3
On-site investigations 5 6 6
Designations renewed 19 17 20
Registration certificates issued 136 138 138


Packers and Stockyards Program 2011 actual 2012 estimate 2103 estimate

Investigations 2,851 2,800 2,600
Regulatory Activities 2,321 2,700 2,500
Livestock market agencies/dealers registered 5,792 5,500 5,400
Stockyards posted 1,218 1,100 1,100
Slaughtering and processing packers subject to the Act (estimated) 3,265 3,250 3,250
Meat distributors, brokers, and dealers subject to the Act (estimated) 4,144 4,100 4,100
Poultry operations subject to the Act 136 120 120

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–2400–0–1–352 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Direct obligations:
11.1 Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent 25 23 24
12.1 Civilian personnel benefits 7 7 7
21.0 Travel and transportation of persons 1 1 1
23.3 Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous charges 1 1 1
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 4 4