DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION

Office of Elementary and Secondary Education

Federal Funds

[Education for the Disadvantaged] Accelerating Achievement and Ensuring Equity

[For carrying out title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (referred to in this Act as "ESEA'') and section 418A of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (referred to in this Act as "HEA''), $15,750,983,000, of which $4,817,117,000 shall become available on July 1, 2012, and shall remain available through September 30, 2013, and of which $10,841,177,000 shall become available on October 1, 2012, and shall remain available through September 30, 2013, for academic year 2012–2013: Provided, That $6,584,750,000 shall be for basic grants under section 1124 of the ESEA: Provided further, That up to $3,992,000 of these funds shall be available to the Secretary of Education (referred to in this title as "Secretary'') on October 1, 2011, to obtain annually updated local educational agency-level census poverty data from the Bureau of the Census: Provided further, That $1,362,301,000 shall be for concentration grants under section 1124A of the ESEA: Provided further, That $3,288,183,000 shall be for targeted grants under section 1125 of the ESEA: Provided further, That $3,288,183,000 shall be for education finance incentive grants under section 1125A of the ESEA: Provided further, That $3,200,000 shall be to carry out sections 1501 and 1503 of the ESEA: Provided further, That $534,562,000 shall be available for school improvement grants under section 1003(g) of the ESEA, which shall be allocated by the Secretary through the formula described in section 1003(g)(2) and shall be used consistent with the requirements of section 1003(g), except that State and local educational agencies may use such funds to serve any school eligible to receive assistance under part A of title I that has not made adequate yearly progress for at least 2 years or is in the State's lowest quintile of performance based on proficiency rates and, in the case of secondary schools, priority shall be given to those schools with graduation rates below 60 percent: Provided further, That notwithstanding section 1003(g)(5)(A), each State educational agency may establish a maximum subgrant size of not more than $2,000,000 for each participating school applicable to such funds: Provided further, That the Secretary may reserve up to 5 percent of the funds available for section 1003(g) of the ESEA to carry out activities to build State and local educational agency capacity to implement effectively the school improvement grants program: Provided further, That $160,000,000 shall be available under section 1502 of the ESEA for a comprehensive literacy development and education program to advance literacy skills, including pre-literacy skills, reading, and writing, for students from birth through grade 12, including limited-English-proficient students and students with disabilities, of which one-half of 1 percent shall be reserved for the Secretary of the Interior for such a program at schools funded by the Bureau of Indian Education, one-half of 1 percent shall be reserved for grants to the outlying areas for such a program, up to 5 percent may be reserved for national activities, and the remainder shall be used to award competitive grants to State educational agencies for such a program, of which a State educational agency may reserve up to 5 percent for State leadership activities, including technical assistance and training, data collection, reporting, and administration, and shall subgrant not less than 95 percent to local educational agencies or, in the case of early literacy, to local educational agencies or other nonprofit providers of early childhood education that partner with a public or private nonprofit organization or agency with a demonstrated record of effectiveness in improving the early literacy development of children from birth through kindergarten entry and in providing professional development in early literacy, giving priority to such agencies or other entities serving greater numbers or percentages of disadvantaged children: Provided further, That the State educational agency shall ensure that at least 15 percent of the subgranted funds are used to serve children from birth through age 5, 40 percent are used to serve students in kindergarten through grade 5, and 40 percent are used to serve students in middle and high school including an equitable distribution of funds between middle and high schools: Provided further, That eligible entities receiving subgrants from State educational agencies shall use such funds for services and activities that have the characteristics of effective literacy instruction through professional development, screening and assessment, targeted interventions for students reading below grade level and other research-based methods of improving classroom instruction and practice.] (Department of Education Appropriations Act, 2012.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0900–0–1–501 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Grants to local educational agencies 14,472 14,498 10,841
0002 School improvement grants 547 1,067
0003 Striving readers 200 160
0004 Even start 4
0005 State agency programs 444 452
0006 Evaluation 8 3
0007 Special programs for migrant students 37 37
0008 High school graduation initiative 48 49



0900 Total new obligations 15,760 16,266 10,841

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 769 544
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 4,726 4,911
1130 Appropriations permanently reduced –9
1143 Approp permanently reduced (Sec 527, HR 2055) –10



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 4,717 4,901
Advance appropriations, discretionary:
1170 Advance appropriation 10,841 10,841 10,841
1173 Advance appropriations permanently reduced –22
1175 Adv approp permanently reduced (Sec 527, HR 2055) –20



1180 Advanced appropriation, discretionary (total) 10,819 10,821 10,841
1900 Budget authority (total) 15,536 15,722 10,841
1930 Total budgetary resources available 16,305 16,266 10,841
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1940 Unobligated balance expiring –1
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 544

Change in obligated balance:
Obligated balance, start of year (net):
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 (gross) 16,600 12,789 8,846
3030 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 15,760 16,266 10,841
3031 Obligations incurred, expired accounts 1
3040 Outlays (gross) –19,538 –20,209 –15,333
3081 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, expired –34
Obligated balance, end of year (net):
3090 Unpaid obligations, end of year (gross) 12,789 8,846 4,354



3100 Obligated balance, end of year (net) 12,789 8,846 4,354

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 15,536 15,722 10,841
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 7,493 8,809 8,456
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 12,045 11,400 6,877



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 19,538 20,209 15,333
Offsets against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (collected) from:
4033 Non-Federal sources –2
Additional offsets against gross budget authority only:
4052 Offsetting collections credited to expired accounts 2



4070 Budget authority, net (discretionary) 15,536 15,722 10,841
4080 Outlays, net (discretionary) 19,536 20,209 15,333
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 15,536 15,722 10,841
4190 Outlays, net (total) 19,536 20,209 15,333

Summary of Budget Authority and Outlays (in millions of dollars)


2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Enacted/requested:
Budget Authority 15,536 15,722 10,841
Outlays 19,536 20,209 15,333
Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO:
Budget Authority 3,877
Outlays 78
Total:
Budget Authority 15,536 15,722 14,718
Outlays 19,536 20,209 15,411

SUMMARY OF PROGRAM LEVEL (in millions of dollars)


2011–12 Academic Year 2012–13 Academic Year 2013–14 Academic Year

New Budget Authority $4,675 $4,721 $3,877

Advance appropriation 10,821 10,841 11,682




Total program level 15,495 15,562 15,559



Change in advance appropriation from the previous year –20 20 +8411

1To account for the Administration's ESEA reauthorization proposal, the 2013 Budget eliminates the $1.7 billion advance appropriation that was previously in the Education Improvement Programs account and replaces it with corresponding increases to advance appropriations in the Accelarating Achievement and Ensuring Equity account ($841 million) and the Special Education account ($841 million). Total advance appropriations in the Department of Education remain $21.9 billion.

The Administration is proposing legislation reauthorizing programs included in the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA), including programs in this account. Consistent with this reauthorization proposal, the Budget proposes to realign programs in ESEA accounts. When new authorizing legislation is enacted, resources will be requested for these programs. See the "Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO" schedule for additional details.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0900–0–1–501 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Direct obligations:
25.1 Advisory and assistance services 5 36
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 31 5
41.0 Grants, subsidies, and contributions 15,724 16,225 10,841



99.9 Total new obligations 15,760 16,266 10,841

Accelerating Achievement and Ensuring Equity

(Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0900–2–1–501 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 College- and career-ready students 2,835
0002 School turnaround grants 534
0004 State agency programs 443
0005 Homeless children and youth education 65



0900 Total new obligations 3,877

Budgetary Resources:
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 3,877



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 3,877
1900 Budget authority (total) 3,877
1930 Total budgetary resources available 3,877

Change in obligated balance:
3030 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 3,877
3040 Outlays (gross) –78
Obligated balance, end of year (net):
3090 Unpaid obligations, end of year (gross) 3,799



3100 Obligated balance, end of year (net) 3,799

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 3,877
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 78
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 3,877
4190 Outlays, net (total) 78

The resources in this schedule are proposed for later transmittal under proposed legislation to reauthorize the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965.

College- and career-ready students (formerly Grants to local educational agencies)._Funds would be allocated via formula for programs that provide academic support to help students in high-poverty schools meet college- and career-ready standards. States would assess annually all students in certain grades in at least English language arts and mathematics, and use the results of these assessments to measure local educational agency (LEA) and school progress in ensuring that all students are meeting, or are on track to meet, college- and career-ready standards; to inform families about whether their children are meeting or are on track to meet such standards; and, with additional information, to develop appropriate improvement and support strategies for schools and LEAs. States would develop systems for differentiating among schools and LEAs on the basis of performance, including recognition and rewards for highly effective schools and LEAs, the implementation of rigorous school intervention models in the lowest-achieving schools, and State-approved, research-based interventions in low-performing schools that are not serving their students well.

School turnaround grants._Funds would primarily support grants to States to help LEAs turn around their lowest-achieving schools by implementing one of four rigorous school intervention models. In general, such schools would rank in the bottom 5 percent of performance in their States, based on proficiency rates and lack of progress, or, in the case of high schools, have a graduation rate below 60 percent. Once States have served their lowest-achieving schools, funds could be used for other school improvement and support efforts in eligible schools.

State agency migrant program._Funds would support formula grants to States for educational services to children of migratory farmworkers and fishers, with resources and services focused on children who have moved within the past 36 months.

State agency neglected and delinquent children and youth education program._Funds would support formula grants to States for educational services to neglected or delinquent children and youth in State-run institutions, attending community day programs, and in other correctional facilities.

Homeless children and youth education._Funds would support formula grants to States to provide educational and support services that enable homeless children and youth to attend and achieve success in school.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0900–2–1–501 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Direct obligations:
25.1 Advisory and assistance services 34
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 4
41.0 Grants, subsidies, and contributions 3,839



99.9 Total new obligations 3,877

Impact Aid

[For carrying out programs of financial assistance to federally affected schools authorized by title VIII of the ESEA, $1,293,631,000, of which $1,155,724,000 shall be for basic support payments under section 8003(b), $48,505,000 shall be for payments for children with disabilities under section 8003(d), $17,474,000 shall be for construction under section 8007(b) and shall remain available through September 30, 2013, $67,074,000 shall be for Federal property payments under section 8002, and $4,854,000, to remain available until expended, shall be for facilities maintenance under section 8008: Provided, That for purposes of computing the amount of a payment for an eligible local educational agency under section 8003(a) for school year 2011–2012, children enrolled in a school of such agency that would otherwise be eligible for payment under section 8003(a)(1)(B) of such Act, but due to the deployment of both parents or legal guardians, or a parent or legal guardian having sole custody of such children, or due to the death of a military parent or legal guardian while on active duty (so long as such children reside on Federal property as described in section 8003(a)(1)(B)), are no longer eligible under such section, shall be considered as eligible students under such section, provided such students remain in average daily attendance at a school in the same local educational agency they attended prior to their change in eligibility status.] (Department of Education Appropriations Act, 2012.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0102–0–1–501 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Basic support payments 1,136 1,154
0002 Payments for children with disabilities 49 48



0091 Subtotal 1,185 1,202
0101 Facilities maintenance 6 5
0201 Construction 17 17
0301 Payments for Federal property 67 67



0900 Total new obligations (object class 41.0) 1,275 1,274 17

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 4 3 20
1021 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations 1



1050 Unobligated balance (total) 5 3 20
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 1,276 1,293
1130 Appropriations permanently reduced –3
1143 Approp permanently reduced (Sec 527, HR 2055) –2



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 1,273 1,291
1930 Total budgetary resources available 1,278 1,294 20
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 3 20 3

Change in obligated balance:
Obligated balance, start of year (net):
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 (gross) 546 485 257
3030 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 1,275 1,274 17
3031 Obligations incurred, expired accounts 334
3040 Outlays (gross) –1,335 –1,502 –170
3080 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, unexpired –1
3081 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, expired –334
Obligated balance, end of year (net):
3090 Unpaid obligations, end of year (gross) 485 257 104



3100 Obligated balance, end of year (net) 485 257 104

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 1,273 1,291
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 1,102 1,158
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 233 344 170



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 1,335 1,502 170
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 1,273 1,291
4190 Outlays, net (total) 1,335 1,502 170

Summary of Budget Authority and Outlays (in millions of dollars)


2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Enacted/requested:
Budget Authority 1,273 1,291
Outlays 1,335 1,502 170
Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO:
Budget Authority 1,224
Outlays 1,099
Total:
Budget Authority 1,273 1,291 1,224
Outlays 1,335 1,502 1,269

The Administration is proposing legislation reauthorizing Impact Aid programs included in the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA). When new authorizing legislation is enacted, resources will be requested for these programs. See the "Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO" schedule for additional details.

Impact Aid

(Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0102–2–1–501 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Basic support payments 1,154
0002 Payments for children with disabilities 48



0091 Subtotal 1,202
0101 Facilities maintenance 5
0201 Construction 1



0900 Total new obligations (object class 41.0) 1,208

Budgetary Resources:
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 1,224



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 1,224
1930 Total budgetary resources available 1,224
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 16

Change in obligated balance:
3030 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 1,208
3040 Outlays (gross) –1,099
Obligated balance, end of year (net):
3090 Unpaid obligations, end of year (gross) 109



3100 Obligated balance, end of year (net) 109

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 1,224
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 1,098
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 1



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 1,099
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 1,224
4190 Outlays, net (total) 1,099

The resources in this schedule are proposed for later transmittal under proposed legislation to reauthorize the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965.

Impact Aid helps to replace the lost local revenue that would otherwise be available to educate federally connected children. The presence of certain students living on Federal property, such as students who are military dependents or who reside on Indian lands, can place a financial burden on local educational agencies that educate them. The property on which the children live and their parents work is exempt from local property taxes, denying local educational agencies access to the primary source of revenue used by most communities to finance education.

Basic support payments._Payments will be made on behalf of approximately 950,000 federally connected students enrolled in about 1,200 local educational agencies to assist them in meeting their operation and maintenance costs. Average per-student payments will be approximately $1,200.

Payments for children with disabilities._Payments in addition to those provided under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) will be provided on behalf of approximately 54,000 federally connected students with disabilities in about 900 local educational agencies. Average per-student payments will be approximately $900.

Facilities maintenance._Funds will be used to provide emergency repairs for school facilities that serve military dependents and are owned by the Department of Education. Funds will also be used to transfer the facilities to local educational agencies.

Construction._Approximately 12 construction grants will be awarded competitively to the highest-need impact aid districts for emergency repairs and modernization of school facilities.

[School Improvement Programs] Education Improvement Programs

For carrying out school improvement activities authorized by [parts A and B of title II, part B of title IV, parts A and B of title VI, and parts B and C of title VII of the ESEA; the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act;] section 203 of the Educational Technical Assistance Act of 2002; the Compact of Free Association Amendments Act of 2003; and the Civil Rights Act of 1964, [$4,550,018,000] $68,732,000, of which [$2,725,246,000 shall become available on July 1, 2012, and remain available through September 30, 2013, and of which $1,681,441,000 shall become available on October 1, 2012, and shall remain available through September 30, 2013, for academic year 2012–2013: Provided, That funds made available to carry out part B of title VII of the ESEA may be used for construction, renovation, and modernization of any elementary school, secondary school, or structure related to an elementary school or secondary school, run by the Department of Education of the State of Hawaii, that serves a predominantly Native Hawaiian student body: Provided further, That funds made available to carry out part C of title VII of the ESEA shall be awarded on a competitive basis, and also may be used for construction: Provided further, That $51,210,000] $51,113,000 shall be available to carry out section 203 of the Educational Technical Assistance Act of 2002: Provided [further], That [$17,652,000] $17,619,000 shall be available to carry out the Supplemental Education Grants program for the Federated States of Micronesia and the Republic of the Marshall Islands: Provided further, That up to 5 percent of [these amounts] the amount referred to in the previous proviso may be reserved by the Federated States of Micronesia and the Republic of the Marshall Islands to administer the Supplemental Education Grants programs and to obtain technical assistance, oversight and consultancy services in the administration of these grants and to reimburse the United States Departments of Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education for such services[: Provided further, That up to 1.5 percent of the funds for subpart 1 of part A of title II of the ESEA shall be reserved by the Secretary for competitive awards for teacher or principal training or professional enhancement activities to national not-for-profit organizations]. (Department of Education Appropriations Act, 2012.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–1000–0–1–501 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Improving teacher quality State grants 2,460 2,474 1,711
0002 Mathematics and science partnerships 179 151
0003 Educational technology State grants 2
0004 21st century community learning centers 1,157 1,163
0005 Foreign language assistance 27
0006 State assessments 393 399
0007 Education for homeless children and youth 65 65
0008 Education for Native Hawaiians 34 34
0009 Alaska Native education equity 33 33
0010 Training and advisory services 7 7 7
0011 Rural education 175 179
0012 Supplemental education grants 18 18 18
0013 Comprehensive centers 51 51 51



0900 Total new obligations 4,601 4,574 1,787

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 67 63 30
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 2,925 2,869 76
1130 Appropriations permanently reduced –6
1143 Approp permanently reduced (Sec 527, HR 2055) –6



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 2,919 2,863 76
Advance appropriations, discretionary:
1170 Advance appropriation 1,681 1,681 1,681
1173 Advance appropriations permanently reduced –3
1175 Adv approp permanently reduced (Sec 527, HR 2055) –3



1180 Advanced appropriation, discretionary (total) 1,678 1,678 1,681
1900 Budget authority (total) 4,597 4,541 1,757
1930 Total budgetary resources available 4,664 4,604 1,787
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 63 30

Change in obligated balance:
Obligated balance, start of year (net):
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 (gross) 6,447 5,567 5,084
3030 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 4,601 4,574 1,787
3040 Outlays (gross) –5,443 –5,057 –4,523
3081 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, expired –38
Obligated balance, end of year (net):
3090 Unpaid obligations, end of year (gross) 5,567 5,084 2,348



3100 Obligated balance, end of year (net) 5,567 5,084 2,348

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 4,597 4,541 1,757
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 917 1,098 1,011
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 4,526 3,959 3,512



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 5,443 5,057 4,523
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 4,597 4,541 1,757
4190 Outlays, net (total) 5,443 5,057 4,523

Summary of Budget Authority and Outlays (in millions of dollars)


2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Enacted/requested:
Budget Authority 4,597 4,541 1,757
Outlays 5,443 5,057 4,523
Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO:
Budget Authority 1,143
Outlays 23
Total:
Budget Authority 4,597 4,541 2,900
Outlays 5,443 5,057 4,546

SUMMARY OF PROGRAM LEVEL (in millions of dollars)


2011–12 Academic Year 2012–12 Academic Year 2013–14 Academic Year

New Budget Authority $2,916 $2,863 $1,219

Advance Appropriation 1,678 1,681 0




Total program level 4,594 4,545 1,219



Change in advance appropriation over previous year 0 +3 –16811

1To account for the Administration's ESEA reauthorization proposal, the 2013 Budget eliminates the $1.7 billion advance appropriation that was previously in the School Improvement Programs account (renamed the Education Improvement Programs account) and replaces it with corresponding increases to advance appropriations in the Education for the Disadvantaged account ($841 million, renamed the Accelerating Achievement and Ensuring Equity account) and the Special Education account ($841 million). Total advance appropriations in the Department of Education remain $21.9 billion.

The Administration is proposing legislation reauthorizing the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA), including programs in this account. Consistent with this reauthorization proposal, the Budget proposes to realign programs in ESEA accounts. When new authorizing legislation is enacted, resources will be requested for these programs. See the "Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO" schedule for additional details.

Training and advisory services._Funds support grants to regional equity assistance centers that provide technical assistance to school districts in addressing educational equity related to issues of race, gender, and national origin.

Supplemental education grants._Funds support grants to the Federated States of Micronesia and to the Republic of the Marshall Islands in place of grant programs in which those Freely Associated States no longer participate pursuant to the Compact of Free Association Amendments Act of 2003.

Comprehensive centers._Funds support at least 20 comprehensive centers that focus on building State capacity to help school districts and schools meet the requirements of the ESEA.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–1000–0–1–501 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Direct obligations:
25.1 Advisory and assistance services 7 16 3
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 20 12 16
41.0 Grants, subsidies, and contributions 4,574 4,546 1,768



99.9 Total new obligations 4,601 4,574 1,787

Education Improvement Programs

(Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–1000–2–1–501 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Effective teaching and learning: Literacy 187
0002 Effective teaching and learning: Science, technology, engineering, and mathematics 150
0003 Effective teaching and learning for a well-rounded education 90
0004 College pathways and accelerated learning 81
0005 Assessing achievement 389
0006 Rural education 179
0007 Education for Native Hawaiians 34
0008 Alaska Native education equity 33



0900 Total new obligations 1,143

Budgetary Resources:
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 1,143



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 1,143
1930 Total budgetary resources available 1,143

Change in obligated balance:
3030 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 1,143
3040 Outlays (gross) –23
Obligated balance, end of year (net):
3090 Unpaid obligations, end of year (gross) 1,120



3100 Obligated balance, end of year (net) 1,120

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 1,143
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 23
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 1,143
4190 Outlays, net (total) 23

The resources in this schedule are proposed for later transmittal under proposed legislation to reauthorize the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965.

Effective teaching and learning: literacy._Funds would support competitive grants to States to support the development and implementation of comprehensive State and local efforts to provide high-quality literacy programs, aligned with college- and career-ready English-language arts standards, for students from preschool through grade 12.

Effective teaching and learning: science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM)._Funds would support competitive grants to States to implement comprehensive strategies to improve the teaching and learning of STEM subjects.

Effective teaching and learning for a well-rounded education._Funds would support competitive grants to States and high-need school districts to develop and expand innovative practices to improve teaching and learning in the arts, health education, foreign languages, civics and government, history, geography, environmental education, economics, financial literacy, and other subjects.

College pathways and accelerated learning._Funds would support competitive grants to high-need school districts for programs that prepare students to enter and succeed in college by providing college-level and other accelerated courses and instruction in middle and high schools as well as accelerated learning opportunities in elementary schools.

Assessing achievement._Funds would support formula and competitive grants to States to develop and implement assessments that are aligned with college- and career-ready academic standards.

Rural education._Funds would support formula grants under two programs: Small, Rural School Achievement and Rural and Low-Income Schools. The Small, Rural School Achievement program provides rural local educational agencies with small enrollments with additional formula funds. Funds under the Rural and Low-Income School program, which targets rural local educational agencies that serve concentrations of poor students, are allocated by formula to States, which in turn allocate funds to eligible local educational agencies.

Native Hawaiian student education._Funds would support competitive grants to public and private entities to develop or operate innovative projects that enhance the educational services provided to Native Hawaiian children and adults.

Alaska Native student education._Funds would support competitive grants to school districts and other public and private organizations to develop or operate innovative projects that enhance the educational services provided to Alaska Native children and adults.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–1000–2–1–501 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Direct obligations:
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 24
41.0 Grants, subsidies, and contributions 1,119



99.9 Total new obligations 1,143

[Safe Schools and Citizenship Education] Supporting Student Success

[For carrying out activities authorized by part A of title IV and subparts 1, 2, and 10 of part D of title V of the ESEA, $256,237,000: Provided, That $65,000,000 shall be available for subpart 2 of part A of title IV: Provided further, That $60,000,000 shall be available for Promise Neighborhoods and shall be available through December 31, 2012.] (Department of Education Appropriations Act, 2012.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0203–0–1–501 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 National activities 120 72
0002 Alcohol abuse reduction 7
0003 Elementary and secondary school counseling 52 52
0004 Physical education program 79 79
0005 Civic education 1
0006 Promise neighborhoods 90



0500 Direct program activities, subtotal 259 293



0799 Total direct obligations 259 293
0803 Reimbursable program activity 57 2



0900 Total new obligations 316 295

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 6 37
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 289 256
1130 Appropriations permanently reduced –1



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 288 256
Spending authority from offsetting collections, discretionary:
1700 Collected 57 2
1701 Change in uncollected payments, Federal sources 2



1750 Spending auth from offsetting collections, disc (total) 59 2
1900 Budget authority (total) 347 258
1930 Total budgetary resources available 353 295
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 37

Change in obligated balance:
Obligated balance, start of year (net):
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 (gross) 835 641 449
3010 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, brought forward, Oct 1 –2 –2



3020 Obligated balance, start of year (net) 835 639 447
3030 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 316 295
3040 Outlays (gross) –490 –487 –308
3050 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired –2
3081 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, expired –20
Obligated balance, end of year (net):
3090 Unpaid obligations, end of year (gross) 641 449 141
3091 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, end of year –2 –2 –2



3100 Obligated balance, end of year (net) 639 447 139

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 347 258
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 5 5
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 485 482 308



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 490 487 308
Offsets against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (collected) from:
4030 Federal sources –57 –2
Additional offsets against gross budget authority only:
4050 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired –2



4070 Budget authority, net (discretionary) 288 256
4080 Outlays, net (discretionary) 433 485 308
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 288 256
4190 Outlays, net (total) 433 485 308

Summary of Budget Authority and Outlays (in millions of dollars)


2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Enacted/requested:
Budget Authority 288 256
Outlays 433 485 308
Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO:
Budget Authority 1,448
Outlays 29
Total:
Budget Authority 288 256 1,448
Outlays 433 485 337

The Administration is proposing legislation reauthorizing the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA), including programs in this account. Consistent with this reauthorization proposal, the Budget proposes to realign programs in ESEA accounts. When new authorizing legislation is enacted, resources will be requested for these programs. See the "Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO" schedule for additional details.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0203–0–1–501 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Direct obligations:
25.1 Advisory and assistance services 1
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 8 4
25.3 Other goods and services from Federal sources 1
41.0 Grants, subsidies, and contributions 249 289



99.0 Direct obligations 259 293
99.0 Reimbursable obligations 57 2



99.9 Total new obligations 316 295

Supporting Student Success

(Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0203–2–1–501 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Promise Neighborhoods 100
0002 Successful, safe, and healthy students 196
0003 21st century community learning centers 1,152



0500 Direct program activities, subtotal 1,448



0900 Total new obligations 1,448

Budgetary Resources:
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 1,448



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 1,448
1930 Total budgetary resources available 1,448

Change in obligated balance:
3030 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 1,448
3040 Outlays (gross) –29
Obligated balance, end of year (net):
3090 Unpaid obligations, end of year (gross) 1,419



3100 Obligated balance, end of year (net) 1,419

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 1,448
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 29
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 1,448
4190 Outlays, net (total) 29

The resources in this schedule are proposed for later transmittal under proposed legislation to reauthorize the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965.

Promise neighborhoods._Funds would support competitive grants and other activities for projects designed to improve significantly the educational and developmental outcomes of children within the Nation's most distressed communities, with the goal of transforming those communities so that all children in the community have access to a cradle-through-college-to-career continuum of academic programs and community supports, including effective schools and services.

Successful, safe, and healthy students._Funds would support competitive grants and other activities to assist States, local educational agencies (LEAs), and partnerships between LEAs and non-profit organizations or local government entities in improving school climate; reducing or preventing drug use, violence, bullying, or harassment; and promoting and supporting the physical and mental well-being of students so that schools are safe, healthy, and drug-free environments.

21st century community learning centers._Funds would support competitive grants to States, LEAs, non-profit organizations, or local governmental entities for projects that provide the additional time, support, and enrichment activities needed to improve student achievement, including expanding learning time by significantly increasing the number of hours in a regular school schedule and comprehensively redesigning the school schedule for all students in a school. All local projects would provide additional time for students to participate in (1) academic activities that are aligned with the instruction those students receive during the regular school day and are targeted to their academic needs; and (2) enrichment and other activities that complement the academic program. Projects could also provide teachers the time they need to collaborate, plan, and engage in professional development within and across grades and subjects.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0203–2–1–501 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Direct obligations:
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 30
41.0 Grants, subsidies, and contributions 1,418



99.9 Total new obligations 1,448

[Indian Education] Indian Student Education

[For expenses necessary to carry out, to the extent not otherwise provided, title VII, part A of the ESEA, $131,027,000.] (Department of Education Appropriations Act, 2012.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0101–0–1–501 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Grants to local educational agencies 104 106
0002 Special programs for Indian children 19 19
0003 National activities 4 6



0900 Total new obligations 127 131

Budgetary Resources:
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 127 131



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 127 131
1930 Total budgetary resources available 127 131

Change in obligated balance:
Obligated balance, start of year (net):
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 (gross) 132 134 150
3030 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 127 131
3040 Outlays (gross) –122 –115 –122
3081 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, expired –3
Obligated balance, end of year (net):
3090 Unpaid obligations, end of year (gross) 134 150 28



3100 Obligated balance, end of year (net) 134 150 28

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 127 131
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 4 7
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 118 108 122



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 122 115 122
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 127 131
4190 Outlays, net (total) 122 115 122

Summary of Budget Authority and Outlays (in millions of dollars)


2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Enacted/requested:
Budget Authority 127 131
Outlays 122 115 122
Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO:
Budget Authority 131
Outlays 7
Total:
Budget Authority 127 131 131
Outlays 122 115 129

The Administration is proposing legislation reauthorizing the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA), including programs in this account. Consistent with this reauthorization proposal, the Budget proposes to realign programs in ESEA accounts. When new authorizing legislation is enacted, resources will be requested for these programs. See the "Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO" schedule for additional details.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0101–0–1–501 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Direct obligations:
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 4 5
41.0 Grants, subsidies, and contributions 123 126



99.9 Total new obligations 127 131

Indian Student Education

(Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0101–2–1–501 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Grants to local educational agencies 106
0002 Special programs for Indian children 19
0003 National activities 6



0900 Total new obligations 131

Budgetary Resources:
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 131



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 131
1930 Total budgetary resources available 131

Change in obligated balance:
3030 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 131
3040 Outlays (gross) –7
Obligated balance, end of year (net):
3090 Unpaid obligations, end of year (gross) 124



3100 Obligated balance, end of year (net) 124

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 131
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 7
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 131
4190 Outlays, net (total) 7

The resources in this schedule are proposed for later transmittal under proposed legislation to reauthorize the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965.

The Indian Education programs support the efforts of local educational agencies (LEA) and tribal schools to improve teaching and learning for the Nation's American Indian and Alaska Native children.

Grants to local educational agencies._Formula grants support LEAs in their efforts to reform elementary and secondary school programs that serve Indian students, with the goal of ensuring that such programs assist participating students in meeting the same academic standards as all other students. In 2011, the Department made 1,276 formula grants to LEAs, tribal schools and Department of the Interior/Bureau of Indian Education schools serving over 477,000 Indian students.

Special programs for Indian children._Funds support competitive awards for demonstration projects in early childhood education and college preparation, as well as professional development grants for training Native American teachers and administrators for employment in school districts with concentrations of Indian students.

National activities._Funds support research, evaluation, data collection, and related activities.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0101–2–1–501 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Direct obligations:
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 5
41.0 Grants, subsidies, and contributions 126



99.9 Total new obligations 131

Education Jobs Fund

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0012–0–1–501 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Education Jobs Fund 993



0900 Total new obligations (object class 41.0) 993

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 993
1930 Total budgetary resources available 993

Change in obligated balance:
Obligated balance, start of year (net):
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 (gross) 7,775 3,712
3030 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 993
3040 Outlays (gross) –5,056 –3,712
Obligated balance, end of year (net):
3090 Unpaid obligations, end of year (gross) 3,712



3100 Obligated balance, end of year (net) 3,712

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Mandatory:
Outlays, gross:
4101 Outlays from mandatory balances 5,056 3,712
4190 Outlays, net (total) 5,056 3,712

State Fiscal Stabilization Fund, Recovery Act

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–1909–0–1–999 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Change in obligated balance:
Obligated balance, start of year (net):
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 (gross) 17,884 5,456
3040 Outlays (gross) –12,428 –5,456
Obligated balance, end of year (net):
3090 Unpaid obligations, end of year (gross) 5,456



3100 Obligated balance, end of year (net) 5,456

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
Outlays, gross:
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 12,428 5,456
4190 Outlays, net (total) 12,428 5,456

Amounts in this schedule reflect balances that are spending out from a prior-year appropriation.

Office of Innovation and Improvement

Federal Funds

[Innovation and Improvement] Innovation and Instructional Teams

[For carrying out activities authorized by part G of title I, subpart 5 of part A and parts C and D of title II, parts B, C, and D of title V of the ESEA, and sections 14006 and 14007 of division A of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009, as amended, $1,530,429,000: Provided, That the Secretary may use up to $550,000,000, which shall remain available for obligation through December 31, 2012, for section 14006 of division A of Public Law 111–5, as amended, to make awards (including on the basis of previously submitted applications) to States or to local educational agencies, or both, in accordance with the applicable requirements of that section, as determined by the Secretary, and may use up to 5 percent of such funds for technical assistance and evaluation of the activities carried out under that section: Provided further, That up to $149,700,000 shall be available for obligation through December 31, 2012 for section 14007 of division A of Public Law 111–5, and up to 5 percent of such funds may be used for technical assistance and the evaluation of activities carried out under such section: Provided further, That $300,000,000 of the funds for subpart 1 of part D of title V of the ESEA shall be for competitive grants to local educational agencies, including charter schools that are local educational agencies, or States, or partnerships of: (1) a local educational agency, a State, or both; and (2) at least one nonprofit organization to develop and implement performance-based compensation systems for teachers, principals, and other personnel in high-need schools: Provided further, That such performance-based compensation systems must consider gains in student academic achievement as well as classroom evaluations conducted multiple times during each school year among other factors and provide educators with incentives to take on additional responsibilities and leadership roles: Provided further, That recipients of such grants shall demonstrate that such performance-based compensation systems are developed with the input of teachers and school leaders in the schools and local educational agencies to be served by the grant: Provided further, That recipients of such grants may use such funds to develop or improve systems and tools (which may be developed and used for the entire local educational agency or only for schools served under the grant) that would enhance the quality and success of the compensation system, such as high-quality teacher evaluations and tools to measure growth in student achievement: Provided further, That applications for such grants shall include a plan to sustain financially the activities conducted and systems developed under the grant once the grant period has expired: Provided further, That up to 5 percent of such funds for competitive grants shall be available for technical assistance, training, peer review of applications, program outreach, and evaluation activities: Provided further, That of the funds available for part B of title V of the ESEA, the Secretary shall use not less than $23,000,000 to carry out activities under section 5205(b) and under subpart 2: Provided further, That of the funds available for subpart 1 of part B of title V of the ESEA, and notwithstanding section 5205(a), the Secretary may reserve up to $55,000,000 to make multiple awards to non-profit charter management organizations and other entities that are not for-profit entities for the replication and expansion of successful charter school models and shall reserve up to $11,000,000 to carry out the activities described in section 5205(a), including improving quality and oversight of charter schools and providing technical assistance and grants to authorized public chartering agencies in order to increase the number of high-performing charter schools: Provided further, That each application submitted pursuant to section 5203(a) shall describe a plan to monitor and hold accountable authorized public chartering agencies through such activities as providing technical assistance or establishing a professional development program, which may include evaluation, planning, training, and systems development for staff of authorized public chartering agencies to improve the capacity of such agencies in the State to authorize, monitor, and hold accountable charter schools: Provided further, That each application submitted pursuant to section 5203(a) shall contain assurances that State law, regulations, or other policies require that: (1) each authorized charter school in the State operate under a legally binding charter or performance contract between itself and the school's authorized public chartering agency that describes the obligations and responsibilities of the school and the public chartering agency; conduct annual, timely, and independent audits of the school's financial statements that are filed with the school's authorized public chartering agency; and demonstrate improved student academic achievement; and (2) authorized public chartering agencies use increases in student academic achievement for all groups of students described in section 1111(b)(2)(C)(v) of the ESEA as the most important factor when determining to renew or revoke a school's charter.] (Department of Education Appropriations Act, 2012.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0204–0–1–501 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Teacher incentive fund 399 299
0002 Transition to teaching 41 26
0003 Teaching American history 46
0004 School leadership 29 29
0005 Charter schools grants 245 255
0006 Credit enhancement for charter school facilities 10
0007 Voluntary public school choice 26
0008 Magnet schools assistance 100 100
0009 Advanced placement 43 27
0010 Ready-to-learn-television 27 27
0011 FIE programs of national significance 12 41
0012 Excellence in economic education 1
0013 Arts in education 27 25
0014 Race to the Top 2 728 517
0015 Investing in Innovation 1 156 141



0100 Total direct program 1,009 1,713 658



0799 Total direct obligations 1,009 1,713 658
0801 DC Schools 18 60 60



0900 Total new obligations 1,027 1,773 718

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 2 846 661
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 1,860 1,531
1130 Appropriations permanently reduced –4
1143 Approp permanently reduced (Sec 527, HR 2055) –3



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 1,856 1,528
Spending authority from offsetting collections, discretionary:
1700 Collected 15 60 60



1750 Spending auth from offsetting collections, disc (total) 15 60 60
1900 Budget authority (total) 1,871 1,588 60
1930 Total budgetary resources available 1,873 2,434 721
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 846 661 3

Change in obligated balance:
Obligated balance, start of year (net):
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 (gross) 2,252 2,216 2,058
3030 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 1,027 1,773 718
3031 Obligations incurred, expired accounts 1
3040 Outlays (gross) –1,050 –1,931 –1,642
3081 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, expired –14
Obligated balance, end of year (net):
3090 Unpaid obligations, end of year (gross) 2,216 2,058 1,134



3100 Obligated balance, end of year (net) 2,216 2,058 1,134

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 1,871 1,588 60
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 11 79 3
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 1,039 1,852 1,639



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 1,050 1,931 1,642
Offsets against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (collected) from:
4033 Non-Federal sources –15 –60 –60
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 1,856 1,528
4190 Outlays, net (total) 1,035 1,871 1,582

Summary of Budget Authority and Outlays (in millions of dollars)


2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Enacted/requested:
Budget Authority 1,856 1,528
Outlays 1,035 1,871 1,582
Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO:
Budget Authority 4,332
Outlays 217
Total:
Budget Authority 1,856 1,528 4,332
Outlays 1,035 1,871 1,799

The Administration is proposing legislation reauthorizing the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA), including the programs in this account. Consistent with this reauthorization proposal, the Budget proposes to realign programs in ESEA accounts. When new authorizing legislation is enacted, resources will be requested for these programs. See the "Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO" schedule for additional details.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0204–0–1–501 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Direct obligations:
25.1 Advisory and assistance services 43 24
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 3 9
41.0 Grants, subsidies, and contributions 963 1,680 658



99.0 Direct obligations 1,009 1,713 658
99.0 Reimbursable obligations 18 60 60



99.9 Total new obligations 1,027 1,773 718

Innovation and Instructional Teams

(Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0204–2–1–501 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Race to the top 850
0002 Investing in innovation 150
0003 Effective teachers and leaders State grants 2,436
0004 Teacher and leader innovation fund 400
0005 Teacher and leader pathways 75
0006 Expanding educational options 255
0007 Magnet schools assistance 100
0008 FIE Programs of national significance 36



0100 Total direct program 4,302



0900 Total new obligations 4,302

Budgetary Resources:
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 4,332



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 4,332
1930 Total budgetary resources available 4,332
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 30

Change in obligated balance:
3030 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 4,302
3040 Outlays (gross) –217
Obligated balance, end of year (net):
3090 Unpaid obligations, end of year (gross) 4,085



3100 Obligated balance, end of year (net) 4,085

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 4,332
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 217
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 4,332
4190 Outlays, net (total) 217

The resources in this schedule are proposed for later transmittal under proposed legislation to reauthorize the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965.

Race to the top._Funds would support grants to State educational agencies (SEAs) and local educational agencies (LEAs) to implement systemic reforms in five areas where fundamental reforms are most needed: implementing rigorous standards and assessments; using data to improve instruction and decision-making; recruiting and retaining effective teachers and principals; turning around the lowest-performing schools; and improving State systems of early learning and care. Funds would enable the program to deepen its investments in reforming elementary and secondary education, as well as provide resources for the Early Learning Challenge program to support improving outcomes in early childhood education.

Investing in innovation._Funds would support grants to LEAs or to nonprofit organizations in consortium with one or more schools or LEAs to develop and expand innovative strategies and practices that have been shown to be effective in improving educational outcomes for students. A portion of the funds would be used to launch the Advanced Research Projects Agency—Education, which would pursue breakthrough developments in educational technologies and other strategies for raising achievement. Funds may also be used for "pay-for-success" projects, such as projects that make use of performance-based contracts or social impact bonds, to engage social investors, the Federal Government, and a State or local community to collaboratively finance effective interventions.

Effective teachers and leaders State grants._Funds would support formula grants to States and LEAs to promote and enhance the teaching profession; recruit, prepare, develop, reward, and retain effective and highly effective teachers, principals, and other school leaders and foster excellent instructional teams, especially in high-need LEAs, schools, fields, and subjects; ensure the equitable distribution of effective and highly effective teachers and principals; increase the effectiveness of teachers and principals; strengthen teacher and principal evaluation systems; ensure that teachers have the knowledge, skills, data, support, and collaborative opportunities needed to be effective in the classroom; and improve the management of the education workforce in States and LEAs. The Department would reserve up to 25 percent of the appropriation for this program to build evidence on how to best recruit, train, and support effective teachers and school leaders; recruit and prepare effective science, technology, engineering, and mathematics teachers; and invest in efforts to enhance the teaching and leadership professions.

Teacher and leader innovation fund._Funds would support competitive grants to States and LEAs willing to implement bold approaches to improving the effectiveness of the education workforce in high-need schools and districts by creating the conditions needed to identify, reward, retain, and advance effective teachers, principals, and school leadership teams in those schools, and enabling schools to build the strongest teams possible.

Teacher and leader pathways._Funds would support continuation costs for the School Leadership, Teacher Quality Partnership, and Transition to Teaching programs.

Expanding educational options._Funds would support competitive grants to SEAs, charter school authorizers, charter management organizations, LEAs, and other nonprofit organizations to start or expand high-performing charter and other autonomous public schools in high-need areas.

Magnet schools assistance._Funds would support competitive grants to LEAs to establish and operate magnet school programs that are part of an approved desegregation plan.

Fund for the improvement of education: programs of national significance._Funds would support nationally significant projects to improve the quality of elementary and secondary education, including an interagency initiative to strengthen services provided to disconnected youth and continuation of efforts to improve the quality, analysis, and reporting of elementary and secondary education performance data. Funds would also go towards an evidence-based math initiative and to support the Institute of Education Sciences (IES) in becoming a resource for improving the evidence base for STEM programs across the Federal Government.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0204–2–1–501 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Direct obligations:
25.1 Advisory and assistance services 105
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 19
41.0 Grants, subsidies, and contributions 4,178



99.9 Total new obligations 4,302

Office of English Language Acquisition

Federal Funds

[English Language Acquisition] English Learner Education

[For carrying out part A of title III of the ESEA, $733,530,000, which shall become available on July 1, 2012, and shall remain available through September 30, 2013, except that 6.5 percent of such amount shall be available on October 1, 2011, and shall remain available through September 30, 2013, to carry out activities under section 3111(c)(1)(C): Provided, That the Secretary shall use estimates of the American Community Survey child counts for the most recent 3-year period available to calculate allocations under such part.] (Department of Education Appropriations Act, 2012.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–1300–0–1–501 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 English language acquisition grants 749 735 6

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 24 9 6
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 735 733
1130 Appropriations permanently reduced –1
1143 Approp permanently reduced (Sec 527, HR 2055) –1



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 734 732
1930 Total budgetary resources available 758 741 6
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 9 6

Change in obligated balance:
Obligated balance, start of year (net):
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 (gross) 1,075 1,039 1,012
3030 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 749 735 6
3040 Outlays (gross) –782 –762 –724
3081 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, expired –3
Obligated balance, end of year (net):
3090 Unpaid obligations, end of year (gross) 1,039 1,012 294



3100 Obligated balance, end of year (net) 1,039 1,012 294

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 734 732
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 6 7
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 776 755 724



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 782 762 724
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 734 732
4190 Outlays, net (total) 782 762 724

Summary of Budget Authority and Outlays (in millions of dollars)


2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Enacted/requested:
Budget Authority 734 732
Outlays 782 762 724
Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO:
Budget Authority 732
Outlays 7
Total:
Budget Authority 734 732 732
Outlays 782 762 731

The Administration is proposing legislation reauthorizing the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA), including programs in this account. Consistent with this reauthorization proposal, the Budget proposes to realign programs in ESEA accounts. When new authorizing legislation is enacted, resources will be requested for these programs. See the "Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO" schedule for additional details.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–1300–0–1–501 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Direct obligations:
25.1 Advisory and assistance services 5 6 2
25.5 Research and development contracts 2
41.0 Grants, subsidies, and contributions 742 729 4



99.9 Total new obligations 749 735 6

English Learner Education

(Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–1300–2–1–501 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 English language acquisition grants 732

Budgetary Resources:
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 732



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 732
1930 Total budgetary resources available 732

Change in obligated balance:
3030 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 732
3040 Outlays (gross) –7
Obligated balance, end of year (net):
3090 Unpaid obligations, end of year (gross) 725



3100 Obligated balance, end of year (net) 725

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 732
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 7
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 732
4190 Outlays, net (total) 7

The resources in this schedule are proposed for later transmittal under proposed legislation to reauthorize the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965.

Language acquisition State grants._This program provides formula grants to States to improve services for English Learners. States are accountable for demonstrating that English Learners are making progress toward proficiency in English and meeting the same high State academic standards as all other students. The statute also authorizes national activities, including professional development, evaluation, a national information clearinghouse on English language acquisition, and, under the proposed reauthorization, technical assistance to grantees and funding for demonstration projects to replicate proven practices.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–1300–2–1–501 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Direct obligations:
25.1 Advisory and assistance services 2
25.5 Research and development contracts 1
41.0 Grants, subsidies, and contributions 729



99.9 Total new obligations 732

Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services

Federal Funds

Special Education

For carrying out the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act ("IDEA'') and the Special Olympics Sport and Empowerment Act of 2004, [$12,647,066,000] $12,687,307,000, of which [$3,115,716,000] $2,289,108,000 shall become available on July 1, [2012] 2013, and shall remain available through September 30, [2013] 2014, and of which [$9,283,383,000] $10,124,103,000 shall become available on October 1, [2012] 2013, and shall remain available through September 30, [2013] 2014, for academic year [2012–2013] 2013–2014: Provided, That the amount for section 611(b)(2) of the IDEA shall be equal to the lesser of the amount available for that activity during fiscal year [2011] 2012, increased by the amount of inflation as specified in section 619(d)(2)(B) of the IDEA, or the percent change in the funds appropriated under section 611(i) of the IDEA, but not less than the amount for that activity during fiscal year [2011] 2012: Provided further, That the Secretary shall, without regard to section 611(d) of the IDEA, distribute to all other States (as that term is defined in section 611(g)(2)), subject to the third proviso, any amount by which a State's allocation under section 611(d), from funds appropriated under this heading, is reduced under section 612(a)(18)(B), according to the following: 85 percent on the basis of the States' relative populations of children aged 3 through 21 who are of the same age as children with disabilities for whom the State ensures the availability of a free appropriate public education under this part, and 15 percent to States on the basis of the States' relative populations of those children who are living in poverty: Provided further, That the Secretary may not distribute any funds under the previous proviso to any State whose reduction in allocation from funds appropriated under this heading made funds available for such a distribution: Provided further, That the States shall allocate such funds distributed under the second proviso to local educational agencies in accordance with section 611(f): Provided further, That the amount by which a State's allocation under section 611(d) of the IDEA is reduced under section 612(a)(18)(B) and the amounts distributed to States under the previous provisos in fiscal year 2012 or any subsequent year shall not be considered in calculating the awards under section 611(d) for fiscal year 2013 or for any subsequent fiscal years: Provided further, that the Secretary may, notwithstanding section 643(e)(1) of the IDEA, reserve up to $2,710,000 of the amount provided under section 644 for incentive grants to States to carry out section 635(c): Provided further, that funds made available for the Special Olympics Sport and Empowerment Act of 2004 may be used to support expenses associated with the Special Olympics National and World Games: Provided further, That [$2,000,000] $30,000,000, to remain available for obligation through September 30, [2013] 2014, shall be for competitive grants to States, incentive payments, and related activities [aimed at improving the outcomes of children receiving Supplemental Security Income (SSI) and their families, which may include competitive grants to States] as may be necessary to improve the provision and coordination of services and supports for Supplemental Security Income (SSI) child recipients and their families or households in order to achieve improved [health status] outcomes, including both physical and emotional health, [and] education and post-school outcomes, [including completion of] such as completing postsecondary education and job training and obtaining employment, [and to improve services and supports to the families or households of the SSI child recipient, such as education and job training for the parents] that may result in long-term improvements in the SSI child recipient's economic self-sufficiency: Provided further, That States may award subgrants for a portion of the funds to other public and private, non-profit entities: Provided further, That not to exceed $15,000,000 of amounts provided in the eighth proviso may be used for performance-based awards for Pay for Success projects: Provided further, That, with respect to the previous proviso, any funds obligated for such projects shall remain available for disbursement until expended, notwithstanding 31 U.S.C. 1552(a): Provided further, That, with respect to the tenth proviso, any deobligated funds from such projects shall immediately be available for section 611 of the IDEA. (Department of Education Appropriations Act, 2012.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0300–0–1–501 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Grants to States 11,475 10,890 10,737
0002 Preschool grants 373 373 372
0003 Grants for infants and families 439 443 463



0091 Subtotal, State grants 12,287 11,706 11,572
0101 State personnel development 47 44 45
0102 Technical assistance and dissemination 49 55 47
0103 Personnel preparation 88 88 86
0104 Parent information centers 28 29 29
0105 Technology and media services 29 29 29



0191 Subtotal, National activities 241 245 236



0200 Total Direct Program 12,528 11,951 11,808
0201 Special Olympics education programs 8 8
0203 PROMISE: Promoting Readiness of Minors in SSI 2 30



0291 Direct program activities, subtotal 8 2 38



0900 Total new obligations 12,536 11,953 11,846

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 13 20
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 3,976 3,364 2,563
1130 Appropriations permanently reduced –8
1143 Approp permanently reduced (Sec 527, HR 2055) –7



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 3,968 3,357 2,563
Advance appropriations, discretionary:
1170 Advance appropriation (Advance appropriated in previous year) 8,592 8,592 9,283
1173 Advance appropriations permanently reduced –17
1175 Adv approp permanently reduced (Sec 527, HR 2055) –16



1180 Advanced appropriation, discretionary (total) 8,575 8,576 9,283
1900 Budget authority (total) 12,543 11,933 11,846
1930 Total budgetary resources available 12,556 11,953 11,846
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 20

Change in obligated balance:
Obligated balance, start of year (net):
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 (gross) 13,170 8,635 6,051
3030 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 12,536 11,953 11,846
3040 Outlays (gross) –17,062 –14,537 –12,683
3081 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, expired –9
Obligated balance, end of year (net):
3090 Unpaid obligations, end of year (gross) 8,635 6,051 5,214



3100 Obligated balance, end of year (net) 8,635 6,051 5,214

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 12,543 11,933 11,846
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 5,556 7,068 7,622
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 11,506 7,469 5,061



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 17,062 14,537 12,683
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 12,543 11,933 11,846
4190 Outlays, net (total) 17,062 14,537 12,683

SUMMARY OF GRANTS TO STATES PROGRAM LEVEL [in millions of dollars]


2011–2012 Academic Year 2012–2013 Academic Year 2013–2014 Academic Year

Current Budget Authority $2,890 $2,295 $1,454

Advance appropriation 8,576 9,283 10,124




Total program level 11,466 11,578 11,578



Change in advance appropriation from the previous year –16 707 8411

1To account for the Administration's ESEA reauthorization proposal, the 2013 Budget eliminates the $1.7 billion advance appropriation that was previously in the School Improvement Programs account (renamed the Education Improvement Programs account) and replaces it with corresponding increases to advance appropriations in the Education for the Disadvantaged ($841 million, renamed the Accelerating Achievement and Ensuring Equity account) and Special Education ($841 million) accounts. Total advance appropriations in the Department of Education remain the same at $21.9 billion.

State Grants:

Grants to States._Formula grants are provided to States to assist them in providing special education and related services to children with disabilities ages 3 through 21.

Preschool grants._Formula grants provide additional funds to States to further assist them in providing special education and related services to children with disabilities ages three through five served under the Grants to States program.
The goal of both of these programs is to improve results for children with disabilities by assisting State and local educational agencies to provide children with disabilities with access to high quality education that will help them meet challenging standards and prepare them for employment and independent living.

Grants for infants and families._Formula grants are provided to assist States to implement statewide systems of coordinated, comprehensive, multi-disciplinary interagency programs to provide early intervention services to children with disabilities, birth through age two, and their families.
The goal of this program is to help States provide a comprehensive system of early intervention services that will enhance child and family outcomes.

National activities._These activities include personnel preparation and development, technical assistance, and other activities to support State efforts to improve results for children with disabilities under the State Grants programs.
The goal of National Activities is to link States, school systems, and families to best practices to improve results for infants, toddlers, and children with disabilities.

Special Olympics education programs._This program funds activities that promote the expansion of the Special Olympics and the design and implementation of Special Olympics education programs.

PROMISE: Promoting Readiness of Minors in SSI._This program funds demonstration programs in select States to improve the provision and coordination of existing services for which children receiving Supplemental Security Income and their families are already eligible. The goal of this program is to improve outcomes for SSI child recipients and their families. A portion of these funds may be used for Pay for Success bonds to engage social investors, the Federal Government, and a State or local community to collaboratively finance effective interventions.
Performance data related to program goals include:


2007–2008 actual 2008–2009 actual 2009–2010 actual


Status of Exiting Students

Percent / number of students with disabilities aged 14–21 exiting special education:
Graduated with a diploma 34.4% / 217,905 35.6% / 247,299 37.9% / 256,102
Graduated through certification 8.4% / 53,260 8.9% / 61,508 8.9% / 60,001
Transferred to regular education 8.2% / 51,786 9.6% / 66,364 9.9% / 66,920
Dropped out of school/not known to continue 14.3% / 90,766 13.2% / 91,318 12.7% / 86,327
Moved, but known to have continued in education 33.5% / 212,337 31.6% / 219,020 29.6% / 199,899

Reached maximum age for services/other 1.2% / 7,187 1.1% / 7,773 1.0% / 6,628



Total 100% / 633,241 100% / 693,282 100% / 675,877

Note-Percentages may not add to 100% due to rounding.Note-Previous versions of this table did not contain the categories "Transferred to regular education" and "Moved, but known to have continued in education." The Department of Education revised its data collection forms to include these additional items, which track additional students with disabilities ages 14 and older who leave special education, and are mutually exclusive with other categories included in this table. Because this is the case, the percentages reported in this table are not comparable with percentages reported in the same table in previous years.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0300–0–1–501 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Direct obligations:
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 5 5 5
41.0 Grants, subsidies, and contributions 12,531 11,948 11,841



99.9 Total new obligations 12,536 11,953 11,846

Rehabilitation Services and Disability Research

For carrying out, to the extent not otherwise provided, the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, the Assistive Technology Act of 1998, and the Helen Keller National Center Act, [$3,512,019,000] $3,517,710,000: Provided, That, of the amount provided for the Vocational Rehabilitation State Grants program, the Secretary shall reserve $10,000,000 to remain available to the Secretary until September 30, 2014, for the Workforce Innovation Fund, as established by this Act: Provided further, That, after reserving the amount needed to pay the continuation costs of grants awarded under section 304 of the Rehabilitation Act, the Secretary may allocate to States, in accordance with a formula determined by the Secretary, up to $35,657,000 of the amount provided for the Vocational Rehabilitation State Grants program: Provided further, That section 302(g)(3) of the Rehabilitation Act shall not apply to funds provided under section 302 of such Act: Provided further, That the Secretary may use amounts provided in this Act that remain available subsequent to the reallotment of funds to States pursuant to section 110(b) of the Rehabilitation Act for innovative activities aimed at improving the outcomes of individuals with disabilities as defined in section 7(20)(B) of the Rehabilitation Act, including activities aimed at improving the health, education, and post-school outcomes of children receiving Supplemental Security Income (SSI) and their families[, including competitive grants to States to improve the provision and coordination of services for SSI child recipients in order to achieve improved health status, education and post-school outcomes, including completion of postsecondary education and employment, and to improve services and supports to the family or households of] that may result in long-term improvement in the SSI child recipient's[, such as education and job training for the parents] economic status and self-sufficiency: Provided further, That States may award subgrants for a portion of the funds to other public and private, non-profit entities: Provided further, That any funds made available subsequent to reallotment for innovative activities aimed at improving the outcomes of [children receiving SSI and their families] individuals with disabilities shall remain available until September 30, [2013] 2014: Provided further, That not to exceed $20,000,000 of the amounts made available in the fourth proviso may be used for performance-based awards for Pay for Success projects: Provided further, That, with respect to the previous proviso, any funds obligated for such projects shall remain available for disbursement until expended, notwithstanding 31 U.S.C. 1552(a): Provided further, That, with respect to the sixth proviso, any deobligated funds from such projects shall immediately be available for programs authorized under the Rehabilitation Act[Provided further, That $2,000,000 shall be for competitive grants to support alternative financing programs that provide for the purchase of assistive technology devices, such as a low-interest loan fund; an interest buy-down program; a revolving loan fund; a loan guarantee; or insurance program: Provided further, That applicants shall provide an assurance that, and information describing the manner in which, the alternative financing program will expand and emphasize consumer choice and control: Provided further, That State agencies and community-based disability organizations that are directed by and operated for individuals with disabilities shall be eligible to compete]. (Department of Education Appropriations Act, 2012.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0301–0–1–506 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Vocational rehabilitation State grants 3,026 3,122 3,167
0002 Client assistance State grants 12 12 12
0003 Supported employment State grants 29 29
0004 Migrant and seasonal farmworkers 2 2
0005 Training 36 35 30
0006 Demonstration and training programs 6 5 6
0007 Independent living 138 137 138
0008 Protection and advocacy of individual rights 18 18 18
0009 National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research 109 109 107
0011 Helen Keller National Center 9 9 9
0012 Assistive technology 31 33 31



0100 Total direct program 3,416 3,511 3,518



0799 Total direct obligations 3,416 3,511 3,518
0801 Reimbursable program 2 2 2



0900 Total new obligations 3,418 3,513 3,520

Budgetary Resources:
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 391 390 287
1130 Appropriations permanently reduced –1
1143 Approp permanently reduced (Sec 527, HR 2055) –1



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 390 389 287
Appropriations, mandatory:
1200 Appropriation 3,085 3,122 3,231



1260 Appropriations, mandatory (total) 3,085 3,122 3,231
Spending authority from offsetting collections, discretionary:
1700 Collected 2 2 2



1750 Spending auth from offsetting collections, disc (total) 2 2 2
1900 Budget authority (total) 3,477 3,513 3,520
1930 Total budgetary resources available 3,477 3,513 3,520
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1940 Unobligated balance expiring –59

Change in obligated balance:
Obligated balance, start of year (net):
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 (gross) 2,495 2,336 1,625
3030 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 3,418 3,513 3,520
3031 Obligations incurred, expired accounts 1
3040 Outlays (gross) –3,543 –4,224 –3,632
3081 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, expired –35
Obligated balance, end of year (net):
3090 Unpaid obligations, end of year (gross) 2,336 1,625 1,513



3100 Obligated balance, end of year (net) 2,336 1,625 1,513

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 392 391 289
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 83 246 182
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 665 466 172



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 748 712 354
Offsets against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (collected) from:
4030 Federal sources –2 –2 –2
Mandatory:
4090 Budget authority, gross 3,085 3,122 3,231
Outlays, gross:
4100 Outlays from new mandatory authority 1,336 1,966 2,036
4101 Outlays from mandatory balances 1,459 1,546 1,242



4110 Outlays, gross (total) 2,795 3,512 3,278
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 3,475 3,511 3,518
4190 Outlays, net (total) 3,541 4,222 3,630

Vocational Rehabilitation State grants._The basic State grants program provides Federal matching funds to State vocational rehabilitation (VR) agencies to assist individuals with physical or mental impairments to become gainfully employed. Services are tailored to the specific needs of the individual. Priority is given to serving those with the most significant disabilities. Current law requires that between 1.0 percent and 1.5 percent of the funds appropriated for the VR State grants program be set aside for Grants for Indians.
The program performance measures for this program are based on State VR agency performance indicators developed pursuant to Section 106 of the Rehabilitation Act. One of these indicators measures the percentage of general and combined State VR agencies that assist at least 55.8 percent of individuals receiving services to achieve an employment outcome. In 2010, 48 percent of the agencies met this performance criterion. Another indicator measures the percentage of general and combined State VR agencies that assist at least 85 percent of individuals with employment outcomes to achieve competitive employment. In 2010, 95 percent of general and combined agencies met this performance criterion. These outcome data are based on the approximately 331,310 individuals whose service records were closed in 2010 after receiving services.
The request for the VR State Grants program reflects the Administration's proposal to consolidate the funds of the smaller VR-related programs and eliminate their separate funding authorities under the Rehabilitation Act in order to reduce duplication of effort and administrative costs, streamline program administration at the Federal and local level, and improve accountability. A total of $35.657 million would be made available to the VR State Grants program from the consolidation of employment-related programs. The request also includes $10 million to be set aside to support a cross-agency Workforce Innovation Fund (WIF) that would be jointly administered by the Departments of Education and Labor to test innovative strategies and replicate evidence-based practices in the workforce system. The Fund is described in more detail in the Title V General Provisions. The FY 2013 request also includes language that would allow the Secretary to use amounts provided in this Act for the VR State Grants program that remain available subsequent to the reallotment of funds to States pursuant to section 110(b) of the Rehabilitation Act to support innovative activities aimed at improving outcomes for individuals with disabilities, including activities under the PROMISE program in the Special Education account. A portion of these funds may be used for Pay for Success bonds to engage social investors, the Federal Government, and a State or local community to collaboratively finance effective interventions.

Client assistance State grants._Formula grants are made to States to provide assistance in informing and advising clients and applicants about benefits available under the Rehabilitation Act and, if requested, to pursue legal or administrative remedies to ensure the protection of the rights of individuals with disabilities.

Training._Grants are made to States and public or nonprofit agencies and organizations, including institutions of higher education, to increase the number of skilled personnel available for employment in the field of rehabilitation and to upgrade the skills of those already employed. Funds currently provided to State VR agencies to support in-service training for agency personnel under section 302(g)(3) of the Training program ($5.327 million) would be included in the VR State Grants consolidation.

Demonstration and training programs._Competitive grants and contracts are awarded to expand and improve the provision and effectiveness of programs and services authorized under the Rehabilitation Act or further the purposes of the Act in promoting the employment and independence of individuals with disabilities in the community. Funds are used to support model demonstrations, technical assistance, and projects designed to improve program performance and the delivery of vocational rehabilitation and independent living services.

Independent living._Grants are awarded to States and consumer-controlled nonprofit organizations to assist individuals with significant disabilities in their achievement of self-determined independent living goals. Grants are also awarded to provide support services to older blind individuals to increase their ability to care for their own needs.

Protection and advocacy of individual rights._Formula grants are made to State protection and advocacy systems to protect the legal and human rights of individuals with disabilities.

National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research._The Institute carries out a comprehensive and coordinated program of rehabilitation research and related activities. Through grants and contracts, it supports the conduct and dissemination of research and development aimed at improving the lives of individuals with disabilities. The Institute also promotes the development and utilization of new technologies to assist these individuals in achieving greater independence and integration into society. Funds would also be used to conduct rigorous evaluations of programs and activities authorized under the Rehabilitation Act.

Helen Keller National Center for Deaf-Blind Youths and Adults._The Center provides services to deaf-blind youths and adults and provides training and technical assistance to professional and allied personnel at its national headquarters center and through its regional representatives and affiliate agencies.

Assistive technology._Assistive Technology (AT) programs support AT State formula grants to implement comprehensive Statewide programs designed to maximize the ability of individuals with disabilities of all ages to obtain assistive technology. States conduct activities that include alternative financing programs, device reutilization programs, device loan programs, and device demonstrations. Formula grants are also provided under the AT Protection and Advocacy program to systems established under the Developmental Disabilities Assistance and Bill of Rights Act for protection and advocacy services to assist individuals with disabilities of all ages. Funds also support national technical assistance activities for these formula grant programs.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0301–0–1–506 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Direct obligations:
25.1 Advisory and assistance services 6 5 5
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 1 1
25.3 Other goods and services from Federal sources 1 1
41.0 Grants, subsidies, and contributions 3,408 3,505 3,512



99.0 Direct obligations 3,416 3,511 3,518
99.0 Reimbursable obligations 2 2 2



99.9 Total new obligations 3,418 3,513 3,520

Special Institutions for Persons With Disabilities

american printing house for the blind

For carrying out the Act of March 3, 1879, [$24,551,000] $24,505,000. (Department of Education Appropriations Act, 2012.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0600–0–1–501 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 American printing house for the blind 25 25 25



0900 Total new obligations (object class 41.0) 25 25 25

Budgetary Resources:
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 25 25 25



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 25 25 25
1930 Total budgetary resources available 25 25 25

Change in obligated balance:
Obligated balance, start of year (net):
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 (gross) 6 8 1
3030 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 25 25 25
3040 Outlays (gross) –23 –32 –26
Obligated balance, end of year (net):
3090 Unpaid obligations, end of year (gross) 8 1



3100 Obligated balance, end of year (net) 8 1

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 25 25 25
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 17 24 24
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 6 8 2



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 23 32 26
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 25 25 25
4190 Outlays, net (total) 23 32 26

The Federal appropriation supports: the production and distribution of free educational materials for students below the college level who are blind, research related to developing and improving products, and advisory services to consumer organizations on the availability and use of materials. In 2011, the portion of the Federal appropriation allocated to educational materials represented approximately 75 percent of the Printing House's total sales. The full appropriation represented approximately 86 percent of the Printing House's total budget.

National Technical Institute for the Deaf

For the National Technical Institute for the Deaf under titles I and II of the Education of the Deaf Act of 1986, [$65,546,000] $65,037,000, of which $2,000,000, to remain available until expended, shall be for construction: Provided, That from the total amount available, the Institute may at its discretion use funds for the endowment program as authorized under section 207 of such Act. (Department of Education Appropriations Act, 2012.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0601–0–1–502 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Operations 66 65 63
0002 Construction 2



0900 Total new obligations (object class 41.0) 66 65 65

Budgetary Resources:
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 66 65 65



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 66 65 65
1930 Total budgetary resources available 66 65 65

Change in obligated balance:
Obligated balance, start of year (net):
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 (gross) 2 3 5
3030 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 66 65 65
3040 Outlays (gross) –65 –63 –63
Obligated balance, end of year (net):
3090 Unpaid obligations, end of year (gross) 3 5 7



3100 Obligated balance, end of year (net) 3 5 7

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 66 65 65
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 65 61 59
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 2 4



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 65 63 63
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 66 65 65
4190 Outlays, net (total) 65 63 63

This residential program provides postsecondary technical and professional education for people who are deaf to prepare them for employment, provides training, and conducts applied research into employment-related aspects of deafness. In 2011, the Federal appropriation represented approximately 73 percent of the Institute's operating budget. The 2013 request includes funds for the establishment of a deferred maintenance account. The request includes funds that may be used for the Endowment Grant program.

Gallaudet University

For the Kendall Demonstration Elementary School, the Model Secondary School for the Deaf, and the partial support of Gallaudet University under titles I and II of the Education of the Deaf Act of 1986, [$125,754,000, of which $7,990,000 shall be for construction and shall remain available until expended] $117,541,000: Provided, That from the total amount available, the University may at its discretion use funds for the endowment program as authorized under section 207: [of such Act] Provided further, That, of the amount provided under this heading, up to $7,000,000, to remain available until expended, may be used for construction. (Department of Education Appropriations Act, 2012.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0602–0–1–502 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Operations 118 118 118
0002 Construction 5 8



0900 Total new obligations (object class 41.0) 123 126 118

Budgetary Resources:
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 123 126 118



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 123 126 118
1930 Total budgetary resources available 123 126 118

Change in obligated balance:
Obligated balance, start of year (net):
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 (gross) 8 11 20
3030 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 123 126 118
3040 Outlays (gross) –120 –117 –124
Obligated balance, end of year (net):
3090 Unpaid obligations, end of year (gross) 11 20 14



3100 Obligated balance, end of year (net) 11 20 14

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 123 126 118
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 117 112 111
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 3 5 13



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 120 117 124
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 123 126 118
4190 Outlays, net (total) 120 117 124

This institution provides undergraduate, continuing education, and graduate programs related to deafness for students who are deaf and hard of hearing. The University also conducts basic and applied research and provides public service programs for persons who are deaf and persons who work with them.

Gallaudet operates the Laurent Clerc National Deaf Education Center, which includes two elementary and secondary education programs on the main campus of the University. The Kendall Demonstration Elementary School serves students who are deaf from infancy through age 15, and the Model Secondary School for the Deaf (MSSD) serves high school age students who are deaf. The Clerc Center also develops and disseminates information on effective educational techniques and strategies for teachers and professionals working with students who are deaf or hard of hearing.

In 2011, the appropriation for Gallaudet represented approximately 69 percent of total revenue for the University. Approximately 25 percent of the Federal appropriation was used to support activities at the Clerc Center, which received nearly 100 percent of its revenue through the appropriation. In addition, the University receives other Federal funds such as student financial aid, vocational rehabilitation, Endowment Grant program income, and competitive grants and contracts. The request includes funds that may be used for the Endowment Grant program, and for construction.

Office of Vocational and Adult Education

Federal Funds

Career, Technical, and Adult Education

For carrying out, to the extent not otherwise provided, [the Carl D. Perkins Career and Technical Education Act of 2006 and] the Adult Education and Family Literacy Act (referred to in this Act as the "AEFLA''), [$1,738,946,000] $606,295,000, [of] which [$947,946,000] shall become available on July 1, [2012] 2013, and shall remain available through September 30, [2013, and of which $791,000,000 shall become available on October 1, 2012, and shall remain available through September 30, 2013] 2014: Provided, That of the amount provided for Adult Education State Grants, $15,000,000 shall be made available to the Secretary for the Workforce Innovation Fund, as established by this Act; and [$74,850,000] $74,709,000 shall be made available for integrated English literacy and civics education services to immigrants and other limited-English-proficient populations: Provided further, That of the amount reserved for integrated English literacy and civics education, notwithstanding section 211 of the AEFLA, 65 percent shall be allocated to States based on a State's absolute need as determined by calculating each State's share of a 10-year average of the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services data for immigrants admitted for legal permanent residence for the 10 most recent years, and 35 percent allocated to States that experienced growth as measured by the average of the 3 most recent years for which United States Citizenship and Immigration Services data for immigrants admitted for legal permanent residence are available, except that no State shall be allocated an amount less than $60,000: Provided further, That, of the amounts made available for AEFLA, [$11,323,000] $11,302,000 shall be for national leadership activities under section 243. (Department of Education Appropriations Act, 2012.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0400–0–1–501 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 State grants 1,126 1,123 791
0002 National programs 8 8 8



0091 Total, Career and technical education 1,134 1,131 799
0101 State grants 596 595 595
0102 National leadership activities 11 11 11



0191 Total, adult education 607 606 606
0201 Smaller learning communities 74



0900 Total new obligations 1,815 1,737 1,405

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 106 30 30
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 951 948 606
1130 Appropriations permanently reduced –2
1143 Approp permanently reduced (Sec 527, HR 2055) –2



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 949 946 606
Advance appropriations, discretionary:
1170 Advance appropriation from prior year 791 791 791
1173 Advance appropriations permanently reduced –2
1175 Adv approp permanently reduced (Sec 527, HR 2055) –1



1180 Advanced appropriation, discretionary (total) 789 790 791
Spending authority from offsetting collections, discretionary:
1700 Collected 1
1701 Change in uncollected payments, Federal sources 1



1750 Spending auth from offsetting collections, disc (total) 1 1
1900 Budget authority (total) 1,739 1,737 1,397
1930 Total budgetary resources available 1,845 1,767 1,427
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 30 30 22

Change in obligated balance:
Obligated balance, start of year (net):
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 (gross) 1,762 1,607 1,445
3010 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, brought forward, Oct 1 –1 –1



3020 Obligated balance, start of year (net) 1,762 1,606 1,444
3030 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 1,815 1,737 1,405
3031 Obligations incurred, expired accounts 1
3040 Outlays (gross) –1,968 –1,899 –1,686
3050 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired –1
3081 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, expired –3
Obligated balance, end of year (net):
3090 Unpaid obligations, end of year (gross) 1,607 1,445 1,164
3091 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, end of year –1 –1 –1



3100 Obligated balance, end of year (net) 1,606 1,444 1,163

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 1,739 1,737 1,397
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 599 640 599
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 1,369 1,259 1,087



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 1,968 1,899 1,686
Offsets against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (collected) from:
4030 Federal sources –1
Additional offsets against gross budget authority only:
4050 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired –1



4070 Budget authority, net (discretionary) 1,738 1,736 1,397
4080 Outlays, net (discretionary) 1,968 1,898 1,686
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 1,738 1,736 1,397
4190 Outlays, net (total) 1,968 1,898 1,686

Summary of Budget Authority and Outlays (in millions of dollars)


2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Enacted/requested:
Budget Authority 1,738 1,736 1,397
Outlays 1,968 1,898 1,686
Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO:
Budget Authority 340
Outlays 17
Total:
Budget Authority 1,738 1,736 1,737
Outlays 1,968 1,898 1,703

SUMMARY OF PROGRAM LEVEL

(in millions of dollars)


2011–12 Academic Year 2012–13 Academic Year 2013–14 Academic Year

New Budget Authority $948 $946 $946

Advance Appropriation 791 790 791




Total program level 1,739 1,736 1,737



Change in advance appropriation over previous year 0 –1 +1

The Administration is proposing legislation reauthorizing the Carl D. Perkins Career and Technical Education Act of 2006, including programs in this account. When new authorizing legislation is enacted, resources will be requested for these programs. See the "Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO" schedule for additional details.

Adult education:

State programs._Funds support formula grants to States to help eliminate functional illiteracy among the Nation's adults, to assist adults in obtaining a high school diploma or its equivalent, and to promote family literacy. A portion of the funds is reserved for formula grants to States to provide English literacy and civics education for immigrants and other limited English proficient adults. In addition, the Budget proposes a set-aside of $15 million to be used for the Workforce Innovation Fund to test and validate more effective approaches to achieving positive employment outcomes for program participants, particularly the most vulnerable populations. The Fund will support cross-program collaboration and bold systemic reforms to improve education and employment outcomes for participants. The Departments of Education and Labor will jointly administer the Fund, which is described in the Title V General Provisions.

National leadership activities._Funds support discretionary activities to evaluate the effectiveness of Federal, State, and local adult education programs, and to test and demonstrate methods of improving program quality.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0400–0–1–501 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Direct obligations:
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 2 2 2
25.5 Research and development contracts 12 11 9
25.7 Operation and maintenance of equipment 1 1 1
41.0 Grants, subsidies, and contributions 1,800 1,723 1,393



99.9 Total new obligations 1,815 1,737 1,405

Career, Technical and Adult Education

(Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0400–2–1–501 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 State grants 332

Budgetary Resources:
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 340



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 340
1900 Budget authority (total) 340
1930 Total budgetary resources available 340
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 8

Change in obligated balance:
3030 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 332
3040 Outlays (gross) –17
Obligated balance, end of year (net):
3090 Unpaid obligations, end of year (gross) 315



3100 Obligated balance, end of year (net) 315

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 340
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 17
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 340
4190 Outlays, net (total) 17

The resources in this schedule are proposed for later transmittal under proposed legislation to reauthorize the Carl D. Perkins Career and Technical Education Act of 2006.

Career and Technical Education:

State grants._Funds support formula grants to States for programs that focus on improving the academic achievement and career and technical skills of secondary and postsecondary students.

National programs._Funds would support discretionary activities to support research, evaluation, data collection, technical assistance, and other national leadership activities aimed at improving the quality and effectiveness of career and technical education.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0400–2–1–501 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Direct obligations:
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 1
25.5 Research and development contracts 2
25.7 Operation and maintenance of equipment 1
41.0 Grants, subsidies, and contributions 328



99.9 Total new obligations 332

Office of Postsecondary Education

Federal Funds

Higher Education

For carrying out, to the extent not otherwise provided, titles [II,] III, IV, V, VI, VII, and VIII of the HEA, the Mutual Educational and Cultural Exchange Act of 1961, and section 117 of the Carl D. Perkins Career and Technical Education Act of 2006, [$1,873,196,000] $1,950,590,000: Provided, That [$608,000] $607,000 shall be for data collection and evaluation activities for programs under the HEA, including such activities needed to comply with the Government Performance and Results Act of 1993: Provided further, That, notwithstanding any other provision of law, funds made available in this Act to carry out title VI of the HEA and section 102(b)(6) of the Mutual Educational and Cultural Exchange Act of 1961 may be used to support visits and study in foreign countries by individuals who are participating in advanced foreign language training and international studies in areas that are vital to United States national security and who plan to apply their language skills and knowledge of these countries in the fields of government, the professions, or international development: Provided further, That, of the funds referred to in the preceding proviso up to 1 percent may be used for program evaluation, national outreach, and information dissemination activities: Provided further, That [notwithstanding any other provision of law, a recipient of a multi-year award under section 316 of the HEA, as that section was in effect prior to the date of enactment of the Higher Education Opportunity Act (referred to in this Act as "HEOA''), that would have otherwise received a continuation award for fiscal year 2012 under that section, shall receive under section 316, as amended by the HEOA, not less than the amount that such recipient would have received under such a continuation award: Provided further, That the portion of the funds received under section 316 by a recipient described in the preceding proviso that is equal to the amount of such continuation award shall be used in accordance with the terms of such continuation award] not to exceed $10,000,000 of the funds made available under this Act for part B of title VII may be used for college completion-related performance-based awards for Pay for Success projects: Provided further, That, with respect to the previous proviso, any funds obligated for such projects shall remain available for disbursement until expended, notwithstanding 31 U.S.C. 1552(a): Provided further, That, with respect to the fourth proviso, any deobligated funds from such projects shall immediately be available for part B of title VII: Provided further, That, of the amount available under subpart 2 of part A of title VII of the HEA, the Secretary may use up to $4,451,000 to fund continuation awards for projects originally supported under subpart 1 of part A of title VII of the HEA: Provided further, That the Secretary may use amounts provided in this Act for carrying out Titles III and V and funds provided under Part F of Title III and Part AA of Title VIII of the HEA that would otherwise lapse by September 30, 2013 for grants under Part B of Title VII of the HEA to improve college completion at minority-serving institutions. (Department of Education Appropriations Act, 2012.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0201–0–1–502 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Strengthening institutions 84 81 81
0002 Strengthening tribally controlled colleges and universities 57 56 56
0003 Strengthening Alaska Native and Native Hawaiian-serving institutions 25 28 28
0004 Strengthening historically Black colleges and universities 321 313 313
0005 Strengthening historically Black graduate institutions 61 59 59
0006 Masters degree programs for HBCUs and predominantly Black institutions 12 12 12
0007 Strengthening predominantly Black institutions 25 24 24
0008 Strengthening Asian American and Native American Pacific Islander-serving institutions 7 8 8
0009 Strengthening Native American-serving nontribal institutions 7 8 8
0010 Minority science and engineering improvement 9 9 9



0091 Subtotal, aid for institutional development 608 598 598
0101 Developing Hispanic-serving institutions 104 100 100
0102 Developing Hispanic-serving institution STEM and articulation programs 100 100 100
0103 Promoting baccalaureate opportunities for Hispanic Americans 21 21 21
0104 International education and foreign language studies 75 74 76
0105 Fund for the Improvement of Postsecondary Education 21 4 70
0107 Interest subsidy grants 1
0108 Model transition programs for students with intellectual disabilities into higher education 8 11
0109 Tribally controlled postsecondary vocational and technical institutions 11 8 8
0110 Special programs for migrant students 37



0191 Subtotal, other aid for institutions 341 318 412
0201 Federal TRIO programs 883 840 840
0202 Gaining early awareness and readiness for undergraduate programs (GEAR UP) 303 302 302
0204 Javits fellowships 10 7
0205 Graduate assistance in areas of national need 31 31 31
0208 Child care access means parents in school 16 16 16



0291 Subtotal, assistance for students 1,243 1,196 1,189
0302 Teacher quality partnerships 43 43
0303 GPRA data/HEA program evaluation 1 1 1
0305 College access challenge grants 150 150 150
0306 Hawkins Centers of Excellence 30



0391 Subtotal, other higher education activities 194 194 181



0900 Total new obligations 2,386 2,306 2,380

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 12 8
1012 Unobligated balance transfers between expired and unexpired accounts 125



1050 Unobligated balance (total) 137 8
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 1,908 1,874 1,952
1130 Appropriations permanently reduced –4
1143 Approp permanently reduced (Sec 527, HR 2055) –4



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 1,904 1,870 1,952
Appropriations, mandatory:
1200 Appropriation 485 428 428



1260 Appropriations, mandatory (total) 485 428 428
1900 Budget authority (total) 2,389 2,298 2,380
1930 Total budgetary resources available 2,526 2,306 2,380
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1940 Unobligated balance expiring –132
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 8

Change in obligated balance:
Obligated balance, start of year (net):
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 (gross) 3,580 3,461 3,121
3030 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 2,386 2,306 2,380
3031 Obligations incurred, expired accounts 4
3040 Outlays (gross) –2,479 –2,646 –2,359
3081 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, expired –30
Obligated balance, end of year (net):
3090 Unpaid obligations, end of year (gross) 3,461 3,121 3,142



3100 Obligated balance, end of year (net) 3,461 3,121 3,142

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 1,904 1,870 1,952
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 32 56 59
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 2,091 2,075 1,856



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 2,123 2,131 1,915
Mandatory:
4090 Budget authority, gross 485 428 428
Outlays, gross:
4100 Outlays from new mandatory authority 23 13 13
4101 Outlays from mandatory balances 333 502 431



4110 Outlays, gross (total) 356 515 444
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 2,389 2,298 2,380
4190 Outlays, net (total) 2,479 2,646 2,359

Aid for institutional development:

Strengthening institutions._Funds support planning and development grants for improving academic programs and financial management at schools that enroll high proportions of disadvantaged students and have low per-student expenditures.

Strengthening tribally controlled colleges and universities._Discretionary and mandatory funds support grants to American Indian tribally controlled colleges and universities with scarce resources to enable them to improve and expand their capacity to serve students, and to strengthen management and fiscal operations.

Strengthening Alaska Native and Native Hawaiian-serving institutions._Discretionary and mandatory funds support Alaska Native and Native Hawaiian-serving institutions to enable them to improve and expand their capacity to serve students, and to strengthen management and fiscal operations.

Strengthening historically Black colleges and universities._Discretionary and mandatory funds support grants to help historically Black undergraduate institutions to improve and expand their capacity to serve students, and to strengthen management and fiscal operations.

Strengthening historically Black graduate institutions._Funds support grants to help historically Black graduate institutions to improve and expand their capacity to serve students, and to strengthen management and fiscal operations.

Master's degree programs at historically Black colleges and universities and predominantly Black institutions._Mandatory funds support Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs) and Predominantly Black Institutions (PBIs) to improve and expand their capacity to serve students, and to strengthen management and fiscal operations.

Strengthening predominantly Black institutions._Discretionary and mandatory funds support grants to predominantly Black institutions to improve and expand their capacity to serve students.

Strengthening Asian American and Native American Pacific Islander-serving institutions._Discretionary and mandatory funds support grants to help Asian American and Native American Pacific Islander-serving institutions improve and expand their capacity to serve students, and to strengthen management and fiscal operations.

Strengthening Native American-serving nontribal institutions._Discretionary and mandatory funds support grants to help Native American-serving nontribal institutions improve and expand their capacity to serve students, and to strengthen management and fiscal operations.

Minority science and engineering improvement._Funds support grants to predominantly minority institutions to help them make long-range improvements in science and engineering education and to increase the participation of minorities in scientific and technological careers.
Aid for Hispanic-serving institutions:

Developing Hispanic-serving institutions._Funds support Hispanic-serving institutions to help them improve and expand their capacity to serve students.

Developing Hispanic-serving Institutions STEM and Articulation Programs._Mandatory funds support Hispanic-serving institutions to help them improve and expand their capacity to serve students with priority given to applications that propose to increase the number of Hispanics and other low-income students attaining degrees in the fields of science, technology, engineering, or mathematics; and to develop model transfer and articulation agreements between 2-year Hispanic-serving institutions and 4-year institutions in such fields.

Promoting postbaccalaureate opportunities for Hispanic Americans._Discretionary and mandatory funds support Hispanic-serving Institutions to help them expand and improve postbaccalaureate educational opportunities.
Other aid for institutions:

International education and foreign language studies programs._Funds promote the development and improvement of domestic and overseas international and foreign language programs.

Fund for the improvement of postsecondary education._Funds support a broad range of postsecondary reform and improvement projects. The majority of funds in 2013 would support the First in the World competition, which would be modeled after the Investing in Innovation program for K-12.

Tribally controlled postsecondary vocational and technical institutions._Funds support the operation and improvement of eligible tribally controlled postsecondary vocational institutions, to ensure continued and expanded educational opportunities for Indian students.

Special programs for migrant students._Funds support grants to institutions of higher education and nonprofit organizations that assist migrant students in earning a high school equivalency certificate or in completing their first year of college.

Interest subsidy grants._Balances from prior year appropriations meet mandatory interest subsidy costs of construction loan commitments made prior to 1974.
Assistance for students:

Federal TRIO programs._Funds support postsecondary education outreach and student support services to help individuals from disadvantaged backgrounds prepare for, enter, and complete college and graduate studies.

Gaining early awareness and readiness for undergraduate programs._Funds support early college preparation and awareness activities at the State and local levels to ensure that low-income elementary and secondary school students are prepared for and pursue postsecondary education.

Graduate assistance in areas of national need._Funds support fellowships to graduate students of superior ability who have financial need for study in areas of national need and continuation awards for Javits Fellowships to students of superior ability who have financial need and who are pursuing terminal degrees in the arts, humanities, and social sciences.

Child care access means parents in school._Funds support a program designed to bolster the participation of low-income parents in postsecondary education through the provision of campus-based child care services.
Other activities:

GPRA data/HEA program evaluation._Funds support data collection and evaluation activities for programs under the Higher Education Act (HEA) of 1965, including such activities needed to comply with the Government Performance and Results Act (GPRA) of 1993.

College access challenge grants._Mandatory funds support grants to States to promote activities designed to increase the number of low-income students who are prepared to enter and succeed in postsecondary education.

Hawkins centers for excellence._Funds support a program designed to increase the talent pool of effective minority educators by expanding and reforming teacher education programs at minority-serving institutions.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0201–0–1–502 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Direct obligations:
25.1 Advisory and assistance services 2 2 2
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 8 8 8
25.5 Research and development contracts 1 1 1
25.7 Operation and maintenance of equipment 2 2 2
41.0 Grants, subsidies, and contributions 2,373 2,293 2,367



99.9 Total new obligations 2,386 2,306 2,380

Race to the Top: College Affordability and Completion

Race to the Top: College Affordability and Completion

(Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0016–2–1–502 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Race to the Top: College Affordability and Completion 1,000



0900 Total new obligations (object class 41.0) 1,000

Budgetary Resources:
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 1,000



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 1,000
1930 Total budgetary resources available 1,000

Change in obligated balance:
3030 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 1,000
3040 Outlays (gross) –50
Obligated balance, end of year (net):
3090 Unpaid obligations, end of year (gross) 950



3100 Obligated balance, end of year (net) 950

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 1,000
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 50
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 1,000
4190 Outlays, net (total) 50

Race to the Top: College Affordability and Completion._Drives systemic State reforms that create incentives for institutions to lower costs and increase completion rates at public colleges.

Howard University

For partial support of Howard University, [$234,507,000] $234,064,000, of which not less than [$3,600,000] $3,593,000 shall be for a matching endowment grant pursuant to the Howard University Endowment Act and shall remain available until expended. (Department of Education Appropriations Act, 2012.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0603–0–1–502 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 General support 235 206 205
0002 Howard University Hospital 29 29



0900 Total new obligations (object class 41.0) 235 235 234

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 1 1
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 235 234 234



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 235 234 234
1930 Total budgetary resources available 236 235 234
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 1

Change in obligated balance:
Obligated balance, start of year (net):
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 (gross) 9 5 16
3030 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 235 235 234
3040 Outlays (gross) –239 –224 –234
Obligated balance, end of year (net):
3090 Unpaid obligations, end of year (gross) 5 16 16



3100 Obligated balance, end of year (net) 5 16 16

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 235 234 234
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 231 220 220
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 8 4 14



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 239 224 234
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 235 234 234
4190 Outlays, net (total) 239 224 234

Howard University is a private, nonprofit educational institution consisting of 12 schools and colleges. Federal funds are used to provide partial support for university programs as well as for the teaching hospital facilities. In 2011, Federal funding represented approximately 43 percent of the university's revenue.

College Housing and Academic Facilities Loans Program

For Federal administrative expenses to carry out activities related to existing facility loans pursuant to section 121 of the HEA, [$460,000] $459,000.

Historically Black College and University Capital Financing Program Account

For the cost of guaranteed loans, [$20,188,000] $20,150,000 as authorized pursuant to part D of title III of the HEA, which shall remain available through September 30, 2014: Provided, That such costs, including the cost of modifying such loans, shall be as defined in section 502 of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974: Provided further, That these funds are available to subsidize total loan principal, any part of which is to be guaranteed, not to exceed [$367,255,000] $320,350,000: Provided further, That these funds may be used to support loans to public and private Historically Black Colleges and Universities without regard to the limitations within section 344(a) of the HEA.

In addition, for administrative expenses to carry out the Historically Black College and University Capital Financing Program entered into pursuant to part D of title III of the HEA, [$353,000] $352,000. (Department of Education Appropriations Act, 2012.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0241–0–1–502 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Obligations by program activity:
Credit program obligations:
0701 Direct loan subsidy 11 20 20
0703 Subsidy for modifications of direct loans 10
0705 Reestimates of direct loan subsidy 85 10
0706 Interest on reestimates of direct loan subsidy 11 2
0709 Administrative expenses 1 1



0900 Total new obligations 117 33 21

Budgetary Resources:
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 21 21 21



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 21 21 21
Appropriations, mandatory:
1200 Appropriation 96 12



1260 Appropriations, mandatory (total) 96 12
1900 Budget authority (total) 117 33 21
1930 Total budgetary resources available 117 33 21

Change in obligated balance:
Obligated balance, start of year (net):
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 (gross) 16 28 30
3030 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 117 33 21
3040 Outlays (gross) –105 –31 –12
Obligated balance, end of year (net):
3090 Unpaid obligations, end of year (gross) 28 30 39



3100 Obligated balance, end of year (net) 28 30 39

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 21 21 21
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 9 5 5
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 14 7



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 9 19 12
Mandatory:
4090 Budget authority, gross 96 12
Outlays, gross:
4100 Outlays from new mandatory authority 96 12
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 117 33 21
4190 Outlays, net (total) 105 31 12

Summary of Loan Levels, Subsidy Budget Authority and Outlays by Program (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0241–0–1–502 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Direct loan levels supportable by subsidy budget authority:
115002 Historically Black Colleges and Universities 154 368 320



115999 Total direct loan levels 154 368 320
Direct loan subsidy (in percent):
132002 Historically Black Colleges and Universities 7.24 5.50 6.29



132999 Weighted average subsidy rate 7.24 5.50 6.29
Direct loan subsidy budget authority:
133002 Historically Black Colleges and Universities 11 20 20



133999 Total subsidy budget authority 11 20 20
Direct loan subsidy outlays:
134002 Historically Black Colleges and Universities 7 10 10



134999 Total subsidy outlays 7 10 10
Direct loan upward reestimates:
135001 College housing and academic facilities loans 1
135002 Historically Black Colleges and Universities 19 8
135003 HBCU Hurricane Supplemental 76 4



135999 Total upward reestimate budget authority 96 12
Direct loan downward reestimates:
137002 Historically Black Colleges and Universities –23 –20



137999 Total downward reestimate budget authority –23 –20

Administrative expense data:
3510 Budget authority 1 1 1
3590 Outlays from new authority 1 1 1

As required by the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990, this account records the subsidy costs associated with the direct loans obligated and loan guarantees committed in 1992 and beyond, as well as any administrative expenses for the College Housing and Academic Facilities Loans Program and the Historically Black College and University Capital Financing Program. The subsidy amounts are estimated on a present value basis; the administrative expenses are on a cash basis. These programs are administered separately but consolidated in the Budget for presentation purposes.

College Housing and Academic Facilities Loans Program._Funds for this activity pay the Federal costs of administering the College Housing and Academic Facilities Loans (CHAFL), College Housing Loans (CHL), and Higher Education Facilities Loans (HEFL) programs. Prior to 1994, these programs provided financing for the construction, reconstruction, and renovation of housing, academic, and other educational facilities. Although no new loans have been awarded since 1993, the Department of Education will incur costs for administering the outstanding loans through 2030.

Historically Black College and University Capital Financing Program._The Historically Black College and University (HBCU) Capital Financing Program provides HBCUs with access to capital financing for the repair, renovation, and construction of classrooms, libraries, laboratories, dormitories, instructional equipment, and research instrumentation. The authorizing statute gives the Department authority to enter into insurance agreements with a private for-profit Designated Bonding Authority. The bonding authority issues the loans and maintains an escrow account in which 5 percent of each institution's principal is deposited. The Budget requests $20.150 million in new loan subsidies, allowing the program to guarantee an estimated $320 million in new loans in 2013. The Budget also requests a 2-year period of availability for this loan subsidy. In addition, the Budget requests funds for the Federal costs of administering the program and providing technical assistance activities that improve the financial stability of HBCUs.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0241–0–1–502 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

41.0 Direct obligations: Grants, subsidies, and contributions 117 33 20
99.5 Below reporting threshold 1



99.9 Total new obligations 117 33 21

Employment Summary


Identification code 91–0241–0–1–502 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

1001 Direct civilian full-time equivalent employment 4 4 4

College Housing and Academic Facilities Loans Financing Account

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–4252–0–3–502 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Obligations by program activity:
Credit program obligations:
0713 Payment of interest to Treasury 1 1 1



0900 Total new obligations 1 1 1

Budgetary Resources:
Financing authority:
Spending authority from offsetting collections, mandatory:
1800 Collected 4 1 1
1825 Spending authority from offsetting collections applied to repay debt –3



1850 Spending auth from offsetting collections, mand (total) 1 1 1
1930 Total budgetary resources available 1 1 1

Change in obligated balance:
3030 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 1 1 1
3040 Financing disbursements (gross) –1 –1 –1

Financing authority and disbursements, net:
Mandatory:
4090 Financing authority, gross 1 1 1
Financing disbursements:
4110 Financing disbursements, gross 1 1 1
Offsets against gross financing authority and disbursements:
Offsetting collections (collected) from:
4120 Federal sources –1
4123 Interest repayments –3 –1 –1



4130 Offsets against gross financing auth and disbursements (total) –4 –1 –1



4160 Financing authority, net (mandatory) –3
4170 Financing disbursements, net (mandatory) –3
4180 Financing authority, net (total) –3
4190 Financing disbursements, net (total) –4

Status of Direct Loans (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–4252–0–3–502 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Cumulative balance of direct loans outstanding:
1210 Outstanding, start of year 11 11 11
1251 Repayments: Repayments and prepayments



1290 Outstanding, end of year 11 11 11

As required by the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990, this non-budgetary account records all cash flows to and from the Government resulting from direct loans obligated in 1992 and 1993. The amounts in this account are a means of financing and are not included in the budget totals.

Balance Sheet (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–4252–0–3–502 2010 actual 2011 actual

ASSETS:
Net value of assets related to post-1991 direct loans receivable:
1401 Direct loans receivable, gross 11 11
1405 Allowance for subsidy cost (-) –1 –1


1499 Net present value of assets related to direct loans 10 10


1999 Total assets 10 10
LIABILITIES:
2103 Federal liabilities: Debt 10 10


4999 Total liabilities and net position 10 10

College Housing and Academic Facilities Loans Liquidating Account

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0242–0–1–502 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Obligations by program activity:
Credit program obligations:
0713 Payment of interest to Treasury 5 6 6



0900 Total new obligations (object class 43.0) 5 6 6

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 8
1023 Unobligated balances applied to repay debt –8
Budget authority:
Appropriations, mandatory:
1200 Appropriation 2 2 2



1260 Appropriations, mandatory (total) 2 2 2
Spending authority from offsetting collections, mandatory:
1800 Collected 25 23 23
1820 Capital transfer of spending authority from offsetting collections to general fund –14 –15 –15
1825 Spending authority from offsetting collections applied to repay debt –4 –4



1850 Spending auth from offsetting collections, mand (total) 11 4 4
1900 Budget authority (total) 13 6 6
1930 Total budgetary resources available 13 6 6
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 8

Change in obligated balance:
Obligated balance, start of year (net):
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 (gross) 1 1 1
3030 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 5 6 6
3040 Outlays (gross) –5 –6 –6
Obligated balance, end of year (net):
3090 Unpaid obligations, end of year (gross) 1 1 1



3100 Obligated balance, end of year (net) 1 1 1

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Mandatory:
4090 Budget authority, gross 13 6 6
Outlays, gross:
4100 Outlays from new mandatory authority 5 6 6
Offsets against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (collected) from:
4123 Non-Federal sources –25 –23 –23
4180 Budget authority, net (total) –12 –17 –17
4190 Outlays, net (total) –20 –17 –17

Status of Direct Loans (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0242–0–1–502 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Cumulative balance of direct loans outstanding:
1210 Outstanding, start of year 159 141 137
1251 Repayments: Repayments and prepayments –18 –4 –4



1290 Outstanding, end of year 141 137 133

As required by the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990, the College Housing and Academic Facilities Loans Liquidating Account records all cash flows to and from the Government resulting from direct loans obligated prior to 1992. This account includes loans made under the College Housing and Academic Facilities Loans, College Housing Loans, and Higher Education Facilities Loans programs, which continue to be administered separately.

Balance Sheet (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0242–0–1–502 2010 actual 2011 actual

ASSETS:
1601 Direct loans, gross 159 141
1602 Interest receivable 6 6


1699 Value of assets related to direct loans 165 147


1999 Total assets 165 147
LIABILITIES:
Federal liabilities:
2103 Debt 51 51
2104 Resources payable to Treasury 114 96


2999 Total liabilities 165 147


4999 Total liabilities and net position 165 147

Historically Black College and University Capital Financing Direct Loan Financing Account

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–4255–0–3–502 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0003 Subsidy Payments - Interest Subsidy 13 1 1
0004 Interest paid to Treasury (FFB) 14 14



0091 Subtotal 13 15 15
Credit program obligations:
0710 Direct loan obligations 154 368 320
0742 Downward reestimate paid to receipt account 17 14
0743 Interest on downward reestimates 7 6



0791 Direct program activities, subtotal 178 388 320



0900 Total new obligations 191 403 335

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 245 390 403
1021 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations 12



1050 Unobligated balance (total) 257 390 403
Financing authority:
Borrowing authority, mandatory:
1400 Borrowing authority 178 368 320



1440 Borrowing authority, mandatory (total) 178 368 320
Spending authority from offsetting collections, mandatory:
1800 Collected 143 69 57
1801 Change in uncollected payments, Federal sources 12
1825 Spending authority from offsetting collections applied to repay debt –9 –21 –21



1850 Spending auth from offsetting collections, mand (total) 146 48 36
1900 Financing authority(total) 324 416 356
1930 Total budgetary resources available 581 806 759
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 390 403 424

Change in obligated balance:
Obligated balance, start of year (net):
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 (gross) 227 193 386
3010 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, brought forward, Oct 1 –10 –22 –22



3020 Obligated balance, start of year (net) 217 171 364
3030 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 191 403 335
3040 Financing disbursements (gross) –213 –210 –210
3050 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired –12
3080 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, unexpired –12
Obligated balance, end of year (net):
3090 Unpaid obligations, end of year (gross) 193 386 511
3091 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, end of year –22 –22 –22



3100 Obligated balance, end of year (net) 171 364 489

Financing authority and disbursements, net:
Mandatory:
4090 Financing authority, gross 324 416 356
Financing disbursements:
4110 Financing disbursements, gross 213 210 210
Offsets against gross financing authority and disbursements:
Offsetting collections (collected) from:
4120 Federal sources –103 –22 –10
4122 Interest on uninvested funds –17 –12 –12
4123 Interest repayments –13 –14 –14
4123 Principal repayments –10 –21 –21



4130 Offsets against gross financing auth and disbursements (total) –143 –69 –57
Additional offsets against financing authority only (total):
4140 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired –12



4160 Financing authority, net (mandatory) 169 347 299
4170 Financing disbursements, net (mandatory) 70 141 153
4180 Financing authority, net (total) 169 347 299
4190 Financing disbursements, net (total) 70 141 153

Status of Direct Loans (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–4255–0–3–502 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Position with respect to appropriations act limitation on obligations:
1111 Limitation on direct loans 178 368 320
1142 Unobligated direct loan limitation (-) –24



1150 Total direct loan obligations 154 368 320

Cumulative balance of direct loans outstanding:
1210 Outstanding, start of year 704 822 987
1231 Disbursements: Direct loan disbursements 137 186 186
1251 Repayments: Repayments and prepayments –19 –21 –21



1290 Outstanding, end of year 822 987 1,152

As required by the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990, this non-budgetary account records all cash flows to and from the Federal Government resulting from direct loans obligated in 1996 and beyond. The Federal Financing Bank (FFB) purchases bonds issued by the HBCU Designated Bonding Authority. Under the policies governing Federal credit programs, bonds purchased by the FFB and supported by the Department of Education with a letter of credit create the equivalent of a Federal direct loan. HBCU bonds are also available for purchase by the private sector, and these will be treated as loan guarantees. However, the Department anticipates that all HBCU loans will be financed by the FFB. The amounts in this account are a means of financing and are not included in the budget totals.

Balance Sheet (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–4255–0–3–502 2010 actual 2011 actual

ASSETS:
1101 Federal assets: Fund balances with Treasury 280 280
Net value of assets related to post-1991 direct loans receivable:
1401 Direct loans receivable, gross 705 822
1402 Interest receivable 12 12


1499 Net present value of assets related to direct loans 717 834


1999 Total assets 997 1,114
LIABILITIES:
Federal liabilities:
2102 Interest payable 12 12
2103 Debt 705 822
2201 Non-Federal liabilities: Undisbursed direct loans 280 280


2999 Total liabilities 997 1,114


4999 Total upward reestimate subsidy BA [91–0241] 997 1,114

Office of Federal Student Aid

Federal Funds

Student Financial Assistance

For carrying out subparts 1 and 3 of part A, and part C of title IV of the HEA, [$24,538,521,000] $24,685,281,000, which shall remain available through September 30, [2013] 2014: Provided, That, of amounts provided under this heading, $1,522,000,000 shall also be available for Pell Grants for award year 2014–2015.

The maximum Pell Grant for which a student shall be eligible during award year [2012–2013] 2013–2014 shall be $4,860. (Department of Education Appropriations Act, 2012.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0200–0–1–502 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0101 Federal Pell grants 41,458 31,346 36,489
0201 Federal supplemental educational opportunity grants (SEOG) 740 736 735
0202 Federal work-study 986 978 1,127



0291 Campus-based activities - Subtotal 1,726 1,714 1,862
0301 Leveraging educational assistance partnership 1



0900 Total new obligations (object class 41.0) 43,185 33,060 38,351

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 153 1,006 11,229
1021 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations 309



1050 Unobligated balance (total) 462 1,006 11,229
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 24,720 24,538 24,685
1130 Appropriations permanently reduced –49
1143 Approp permanently reduced (Sec 527, HR 2055) –3



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 24,671 24,535 24,685
Appropriations, mandatory:
1200 Appropriation 19,060 18,748 13,294



1260 Appropriations, mandatory (total) 19,060 18,748 13,294
1900 Budget authority (total) 43,731 43,283 37,979
1930 Total budgetary resources available 44,193 44,289 49,208
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1940 Unobligated balance expiring –2
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 1,006 11,229 10,857

Change in obligated balance:
Obligated balance, start of year (net):
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 (gross) 17,693 22,669 18,771
3030 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 43,185 33,060 38,351
3031 Obligations incurred, expired accounts 240
3040 Outlays (gross) –37,894 –36,958 –37,675
3080 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, unexpired –309
3081 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, expired –246
Obligated balance, end of year (net):
3090 Unpaid obligations, end of year (gross) 22,669 18,771 19,447



3100 Obligated balance, end of year (net) 22,669 18,771 19,447

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 24,671 24,535 24,685
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 9,275 6,333 5,938
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 14,377 15,302 18,184



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 23,652 21,635 24,122
Mandatory:
4090 Budget authority, gross 19,060 18,748 13,294
Outlays, gross:
4100 Outlays from new mandatory authority 11,006 7,360 3,641
4101 Outlays from mandatory balances 3,236 7,963 9,912



4110 Outlays, gross (total) 14,242 15,323 13,553
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 43,731 43,283 37,979
4190 Outlays, net (total) 37,894 36,958 37,675

Status of Direct Loans (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0200–0–1–502 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Cumulative balance of direct loans outstanding:
1210 Outstanding, start of year 305 308 311
1251 Repayments: Repayments and prepayments –19 –19 –19
Write-offs for default:
1263 Direct loans –3 –3 –3
1264 Other adjustments, net (+ or -) 25 25 25



1290 Outstanding, end of year 308 311 314

Notes._Figures include, in all years, institutional matching share of defaulted notes assigned from institutions to the Education Department.
Funding from the Student Financial Assistance account and related matching funds would provide over 12.5 million awards totaling more than $39.8 billion in available aid in award year 2013–2014.

Federal Pell grants._Pell Grants are the single largest source of grant aid for postsecondary education. Funding for this program is provided from two sources: discretionary appropriations and, beginning in 2008, mandatory funding authorized under the College Cost Reduction and Access Act of 2007. The Recovery Act provided additional discretionary and mandatory budget authority in 2009. In 2010, the Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act provided additional budget authority for 2011 and also changed how the mandatory add-on to a student's Pell Grant is calculated and funded. In 2011, the Budget Control Act and the 2011 appropriations act made changes to the eligibility for the Pell program (in particular, ending the costly year-round Pell which allowed students to draw two full Pell awards in one year) and to the student loan programs, and used the budgetary savings to provide additional mandatory budget authority to the Pell program. Finally, the 2012 appropriations act made changes to Pell eligibility and student loan benefits, and reinvested the savings into the Pell program.
In 2013, more than 9.7 million undergraduates will receive up to $4,860 from the discretionary award and an additional $775 from the mandatory add-on to help pay for postsecondary education. Undergraduate students establish eligibility for these grants under award and need determination rules set out in the authorizing statute and annual appropriations act. The Budget request includes $36.1 billion for Pell Grants in 2013, of which $22.8 billion is discretionary, to support a projected maximum award of $5,635.

Federal supplemental educational opportunity grants (SEOG)._Federal funds are awarded by formula to qualifying institutions, which use these funds to award grants to undergraduate students. While institutions have discretion in awarding these funds, they are required to give priority to Pell Grant recipients and other students with exceptional need. The Federal share of these grants cannot exceed 75 percent of the total grant. The 2013 Budget includes $735 million for SEOG, which would generate $930 million in aid to 1.4 million students.

Federal work-study._Federal funds are awarded by formula to qualifying institutions, which provide part-time jobs to eligible undergraduate and graduate students. Hourly earnings under this program must be at least the Federal minimum wage. Federal funding, in most cases, pays 75 percent of a student's hourly wages, with the remaining 25 percent paid by the employer. The Federal Work-Study program also requires participating institutions to use at least seven percent of their total funds for students employed in community service jobs. The 2013 Budget includes $1.13 billion for Work-Study, which would generate $1.35 billion in aid to 793,000 students, an increase of $150 million over the 2012 level.

Federal Perkins loans._Institutions award low-interest loans from institutional revolving funds, which are comprised of Federal Capital Contributions, institutional matching funds, and student repayments on outstanding loans. No new Federal Capital Contributions have been appropriated since 2004. The Budget proposes to modernize and expand the Perkins Loan program so more colleges can participate and more students receive access to these loans. The proposal would increase, beginning on July 1, 2013, the annual loan amounts available to students to $8.5 billion from the current $1 billion. Rather than operating through institutional revolving funds, the Federal Government would originate and service Perkins Loans. Loan volume would be allocated among degree-granting institutions. This new formula will encourage colleges to control costs and offer need-based aid to prevent excessive indebtedness. Schools would have some discretion about student eligibility. Perkins Loan borrowers would be charged a 6.8 percent interest rate, the same as in the Unsubsidized Stafford Loan program. These loans would accrue interest while students are in school and other loan terms and conditions would be the same as current Unsubsidized Stafford loans. As current Perkins Loan borrowers repay their loans, schools would remit the Federal share of those payments to the Department of Education, beginning at the statutory date described in the Higher Education Act of 1965. Schools would retain their own share of the revolving funds, as well as amounts sufficient to cover the costs of the various Perkins Loan forgiveness provisions. Mandatory loan subsidy costs of this proposal would reduce 2013 outlays by $648 million and are displayed in the Federal Perkins Loan program account.

Iraq and Afghanistan service grants._This program, which became effective July 1, 2010, provides non-need-based grants to students whose parent or guardian was a member of the Armed Forces and died in Iraq or Afghanistan as a result of performing military service after September 11, 2001. Service Grants are equal to the maximum Pell Grant for a given award year. The Administration anticipates spending $334,000 to support an estimated maximum of 1,000 awards in 2013.

Funding tables._The following tables display student aid funds available, the number of aid awards, average awards, and the unduplicated count of recipients from each Federal student aid program. Loan amounts reflect the amount actually loaned to borrowers, not the Federal cost of these loans. The data in these tables include matching funds wherever appropriate. The 2013 data in these tables reflect the Administration's legislative proposals.

AID FUNDS AVAILABLE FOR POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION AND TRAINING [in thousands]


2011 2012 2013

Pell grants 35,685,485 35,648,965 36,580,260
Student loans:
Direct student loans:
Stafford loans 41,774,526 35,554,303 32,044,241
Unsubsidized Stafford loans 48,081,625 58,468,244 66,160,262
PLUS 19,070,152 20,651,545 22,617,667
Consolidation 23,805,621 63,477,548 28,398,445
Perkins loans 970,705 970,705 970,705

Unsubsidized Perkins loans 0 0 4,163,742



Student loans, subtotal 133,702,629 179,122,344 154,355,061
Work-study 1,168,428 1,161,150 1,348,820
Supplemental educational opportunity grants 931,633 929,872 929,872
Iraq and Afghanistan service grants 293 330 391
TEACH grants 136,951 154,070 83,621

Presidential teaching fellows 0 0 149,030



Total aid available 171,620,419 217,016,731 193,447,056

NUMBER OF AID AWARDS [in thousands]


2011 2012 2013

Pell grants 9,703 9,607 9,748
Direct student loans-Stafford loans 10,883 9,966 9,466
Direct student loans-Unsubsidized Stafford loans 10,796 10,804 11,398
Direct student loans-PLUS 1,539 1,586 1,654
Direct student loans-Consolidation 594 2,737 673
Perkins loans 524 524 524
Unsubsidized Perkins loans 0 0 935
Work-study 684 683 793
Supplemental educational opportunity grants 1,393 1,390 1,390
Iraq and Afghanistan service grants 01 01 01
TEACH grants 42 47 29

Presidential teaching fellows 0 0 15



Total awards 36,159 37,345 36,625

1Number of recipients is fewer than 1,000.

AVERAGE AID AWARDS [in whole dollars]


2011 2012 2013

Pell grants 3,678 3,711 3,753
Direct student loans-Stafford loans 3,838 3,568 3,385
Direct student loans-Unsubsidized Stafford loans 4,454 5,412 5,804
Direct student loans-PLUS 12,390 13,019 13,675
Direct student loans-Consolidation 40,074 23,190 42,221
Perkins loans 1,852 1,852 1,852
Unsubsidized Perkins loans 0 0 4,454
Work-study 1,700 1,700 1,700
Supplemental educational opportunity grants 669 669 669
Iraq and Afghanistan service grants 4,418 4,428 4,476
TEACH grants 3,257 3,257 2,889
Presidential teaching fellows 0 0 10,000

NUMBER OF STUDENTS AIDED [in thousands]


2011 2012 2013

Unduplicated student count 14,713 14,805 15,246

ADMINISTRATIVE PAYMENTS TO INSTITUTIONS [in thousands of dollars]


2011 2012 2013

Pell grants 48,515 48,035 48,740
Work-study 72,849 72,708 72,708
Supplemental educational opportunity grants 37,265 37,195 37,195
Perkins loans 38,828 38,828 38,828

Student Aid Administration

For Federal administrative expenses to carry out part D of title I, and subparts 1, 3, [4, 9,] and [10] 9 of part A, and parts B, C, D, and E of title IV of the HEA, [$1,045,363,000] $1,126,363,000, to remain available until September 30, [2013] 2014. (Department of Education Appropriations Act, 2012.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0202–0–1–502 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Student aid administration 829 954 1,088
0002 Discretionary servicing activities 311 368 400



0900 Total new obligations 1,140 1,322 1,488

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 1 2
1012 Unobligated balance transfers between expired and unexpired accounts 6
1021 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations 4



1050 Unobligated balance (total) 11 2
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 994 1,045 1,126
1121 Appropriations transferred from other accts [75–0340] 3
1130 Appropriations permanently reduced –2
1143 Approp permanently reduced (Sec 527, HR 2055) –2



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 992 1,043 1,129
Appropriations, mandatory:
1200 Appropriation 176 277 359
1230 Appropriations and/or unobligated balance of appropriations permanently reduced –31



1260 Appropriations, mandatory (total) 145 277 359
1900 Budget authority (total) 1,137 1,320 1,488
1930 Total budgetary resources available 1,148 1,322 1,488
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1940 Unobligated balance expiring –6
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 2

Change in obligated balance:
Obligated balance, start of year (net):
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 (gross) 473 527 766
3030 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 1,140 1,322 1,488
3040 Outlays (gross) –1,080 –1,083 –1,327
3080 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, unexpired –4
3081 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, expired –2
Obligated balance, end of year (net):
3090 Unpaid obligations, end of year (gross) 527 766 927



3100 Obligated balance, end of year (net) 527 766 927

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 992 1,043 1,129
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 568 585 627
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 334 317 414



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 902 902 1,041
Mandatory:
4090 Budget authority, gross 145 277 359
Outlays, gross:
4100 Outlays from new mandatory authority 80 133 172
4101 Outlays from mandatory balances 98 48 114



4110 Outlays, gross (total) 178 181 286
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 1,137 1,320 1,488
4190 Outlays, net (total) 1,080 1,083 1,327

Summary of Budget Authority and Outlays (in millions of dollars)


2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Enacted/requested:
Budget Authority 1,137 1,320 1,488
Outlays 1,080 1,083 1,327
Legislative proposal, subject to PAYGO:
Budget Authority 8
Outlays 4
Total:
Budget Authority 1,137 1,320 1,496
Outlays 1,080 1,083 1,331

The Department of Education manages Federal student aid programs that will provide over $193 billion in new Federal student aid grants and loans to 15 million students and parents in 2013. Primary responsibility for administering these programs lies with the Office of Postsecondary Education and the performance-based Federal Student Aid (FSA), which are both overseen by the Office of the Under Secretary. FSA was created by Congress in 1998 with a mandate to improve service to students and other student aid program participants, reduce student aid administration costs, and improve accountability and program integrity.

Student Aid Administration

The 2013 Budget includes $726 million for student aid administration and $400 million for loan servicing activities, for a total of $1.126 billion in discretionary budget authority. It also proposes to transfer the Health Education Assistance Loan (HEAL) Program from the Secretary of Health and Human Services (HHS) to the Secretary of Education (ED) and includes a transfer of $3 million in discretionary funds from HHS to ED to service the HEAL portfolio.

In addition, the 2013 Budget includes $359 million in mandatory funds for administrative costs of servicing contracts with not-for-profit loan servicers. These funds primarily support processing student aid applications; providing and tracking aid awards to students, parents, and schools; promoting efforts to reach key student populations; and simplifying the student aid application. The Budget also includes $8 million in mandatory funds for administering the new proposed Perkins Loan program, described in the Student Financial Assistance account.

Servicing Cost Assumptions:

The following table details the major assumptions driving servicing costs for Federal student loans. Servicing costs are largely determined by volume (average borrower accounts per month) and the average contractual unit costs negotiated to service the volume. Average borrower accounts per month are calculated by the distribution of new unique borrower accounts to one of the multiple servicers contracted with the Department. Currently, the Department contracts with six servicers, through the Common Servicers for Borrowers (CSB) contract, the Title IV Additional Servicers (TIVAS) contract, and the new Not-For-Profit Servicers (NFP) contract. The average unit cost to service each borrower is derived by contractual pricing schedules based on different borrower statuses (e.g., in-school, in-grace/current repayment, deferment/forbearance, and delinquency). Differences in distribution among loan statuses will affect overall unit costs due to different pricing for different statuses (e.g., in-repayment borrowers cost more to service than in-school borrowers).

Trends in Assumptions:

The increases in average unit cost from 2011 to 2012, and 2012 to 2013, are partly due to the maturity of the 100 percent Direct Loan portfolio as more loans shift from in-school to in-repayment, and the assumption that borrowers will be shifted from the CSB servicer to new NFP servicers, in accordance with Section 2212 of the Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act of 2010 (Pub.L. 111–152, 124 Stat. 1029).

Student Aid Administration Servicing Variables


2011 2012 2013

For-Profit Servicers Average Borrower Accounts per Month 18,955,863 19,318,673 19,875,866
For-Profit Servicers Average Unit Cost per Month (whole dollars) $1.41 $1.59 $1.68

Not-For-Profit Servicers Average Borrower Accounts per Month 7,875,923 11,741,038 15,695,580
Not-For-Profit Servicers Average Unit Cost per Month (whole dollars) $1.46 $1.68 $1.76


Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0202–0–1–502 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation:
11.1 Full-time permanent 132 136 138
11.3 Other than full-time permanent 1
11.5 Other personnel compensation 3 2 2



11.9 Total personnel compensation 136 138 140
12.1 Civilian personnel benefits 37 37 39
21.0 Travel and transportation of persons 3 3 3
23.1 Rental payments to GSA 17 12 16
23.3 Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous charges 1 1
24.0 Printing and reproduction 2 3 3
25.1 Advisory and assistance services 5 3 5
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 662 705 827
25.3 Other goods and services from Federal sources 20 15 21
25.7 Operation and maintenance of equipment 255 404 432
31.0 Equipment 2 1 1
32.0 Land and structures 1



99.9 Total new obligations 1,140 1,322 1,488

Employment Summary


Identification code 91–0202–0–1–502 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

1001 Direct civilian full-time equivalent employment 1,298 1,321 1,321

Student Aid Administration

(Legislative proposal, subject to PAYGO)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0202–4–1–502 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0002 Servicing activities 8



0900 Total new obligations (object class 25.2) 8

Budgetary Resources:
Budget authority:
Appropriations, mandatory:
1200 Appropriation 8



1260 Appropriations, mandatory (total) 8
1930 Total budgetary resources available 8

Change in obligated balance:
3030 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 8
3040 Outlays (gross) –4
Obligated balance, end of year (net):
3090 Unpaid obligations, end of year (gross) 4



3100 Obligated balance, end of year (net) 4

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Mandatory:
4090 Budget authority, gross 8
Outlays, gross:
4100 Outlays from new mandatory authority 4
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 8
4190 Outlays, net (total) 4

Academic Competitiveness/SMART Grant Program

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0205–0–1–502 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 ACG/SMART Grants 350



0900 Total new obligations (object class 41.0) 350

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 449
Budget authority:
Appropriations, mandatory:
1200 Appropriation 561
1230 Appropriations and/or unobligated balance of appropriations permanently reduced –560



1260 Appropriations, mandatory (total) 1
1900 Budget authority (total) 1
1930 Total budgetary resources available 450
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1940 Unobligated balance expiring –100

Change in obligated balance:
Obligated balance, start of year (net):
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 (gross) 383 10
3030 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 350
3031 Obligations incurred, expired accounts 627
3040 Outlays (gross) –1,041 –10
3081 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, expired –309
Obligated balance, end of year (net):
3090 Unpaid obligations, end of year (gross) 10



3100 Obligated balance, end of year (net) 10

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Mandatory:
4090 Budget authority, gross 1
Outlays, gross:
4101 Outlays from mandatory balances 1,041 10
Offsets against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (collected) from:
4123 Non-Federal sources –221
Additional offsets against gross budget authority only:
4142 Offsetting collections credited to expired accounts 221



4160 Budget authority, net (mandatory) 1
4170 Outlays, net (mandatory) 820 10
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 1
4190 Outlays, net (total) 820 10

These need-based programs provided grants to full- and part-time students who were eligible to receive a Pell Grant. Eligibility for second-, third-, and fourth-year students was based on maintenance of a 3.0 grade point average. The Ensuring Continued Access to Student Loans Act (ECASLA) expanded the grants to non-citizens, part-time students, and students pursuing certificate programs.

Academic Competitiveness Grants (ACG)._These grants were awarded to first-year and second-year students who completed a rigorous course of study in high school. Grant levels were $750 for first-year students and $1,300 for second-year students.

Science and Mathematics Access to Retain Talent (SMART) Grants._These grants were awarded to third-year and fourth-year students pursuing a major in mathematics, science, or a foreign language deemed critical to national security. Grant levels were $4,000 for both third- and fourth-year students.
Taken together with other Federal student aid, grants could not exceed a student's cost of attendance. Program funding in excess of the amount needed to fund grants in a given year could be carried over for use in subsequent years; if the mandatory funding level was insufficient to fund program grants, grant levels were reduced.
This program expired July 1, 2011.

Teacher Education Assistance

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0206–0–1–502 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Obligations by program activity:
Credit program obligations:
0701 Direct loan subsidy 22 21 23
0705 Reestimates of direct loan subsidy 18
0706 Interest on reestimates of direct loan subsidy 2



0900 Total new obligations (object class 41.0) 22 41 23

Budgetary Resources:
Budget authority:
Appropriations, mandatory:
1200 Appropriation (indefinite) - Loan subsidy 22 21 23
1200 Appropriation (indefinite) - Upward reestimate 20



1260 Appropriations, mandatory (total) 22 41 23
1930 Total budgetary resources available 22 41 23

Change in obligated balance:
Obligated balance, start of year (net):
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 (gross) 4 8 11
3030 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 22 41 23
3040 Outlays (gross) –18 –38 –19
Obligated balance, end of year (net):
3090 Unpaid obligations, end of year (gross) 8 11 15



3100 Obligated balance, end of year (net) 8 11 15

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Mandatory:
4090 Budget authority, gross 22 41 23
Outlays, gross:
4100 Outlays from new mandatory authority 14 27 12
4101 Outlays from mandatory balances 4 11 7



4110 Outlays, gross (total) 18 38 19
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 22 41 23
4190 Outlays, net (total) 18 38 19

Summary of Budget Authority and Outlays (in millions of dollars)


2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Enacted/requested:
Budget Authority 22 41 23
Outlays 18 38 19
Legislative proposal, subject to PAYGO:
Budget Authority 178
Total:
Budget Authority 22 41 201
Outlays 18 38 19

Summary of Loan Levels, Subsidy Budget Authority and Outlays by Program (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0206–0–1–502 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Direct loan levels supportable by subsidy budget authority:
115001 TEACH Grants 169 178 196



115999 Total direct loan levels 169 178 196
Direct loan subsidy (in percent):
132001 TEACH Grants 13.31 11.69 11.71



132999 Weighted average subsidy rate 13.31 11.69 11.71
Direct loan subsidy budget authority:
133001 TEACH Grants 22 21 23



133999 Total subsidy budget authority 22 21 23
Direct loan subsidy outlays:
134001 TEACH Grants 17 18 19



134999 Total subsidy outlays 17 18 19
Direct loan upward reestimates:
135001 TEACH Grants 20



135999 Total upward reestimate budget authority 20
Direct loan downward reestimates:
137001 TEACH Grants –6



137999 Total downward reestimate budget authority –6

The TEACH Grant program, authorized by the College Cost Reduction and Access Act of 2007, awards annual grants of up to $4,000 to full- or part-time undergraduate and graduate students who agree to teach mathematics, science, foreign languages, bilingual education, special education, or reading at a high-poverty school for not less than 4 years within 8 years of graduating. The program began awarding grants in the 2008–2009 award year. Students must have a grade point average of 3.25 or higher to be eligible to receive a grant. Students who fail to fulfill the service requirements must repay the grants, including interest accrued from the time of award.

Because TEACH Grants turn into loans in cases where the service requirements are not fulfilled, for budget and accounting purposes the program is operated consistent with the requirements of the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990. This program account records subsidy costs reflecting the net present value of the estimated lifetime Federal program costs for grants awarded in a given fiscal year. Under this approach the subsidy cost reflects the cost of grant awards net of expected future repayments for grants that are converted to loans.

The 2013 Budget proposes to overhaul the TEACH Grant program, as of the end of the 2012–2013 academic year, and replace it with a new, targeted teacher recruitment and retention program called the Presidential Teaching Fellows. This new program would provide grants to States that meet certain conditions to supply scholarships of up to $10,000 to talented individuals attending the most effective programs in the State. These individuals would commit to teaching for at least three years in a high-need school and subject. To be eligible for funds, States would measure the effectiveness of their teacher preparation programs based on student achievement data of their graduates, among other measures, hold teacher preparation programs accountable for results, and upgrade licensure and certification standards.

Teacher Education Assistance

(Legislative proposal, subject to PAYGO)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0206–4–1–502 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0002 Presidential Teaching Fellows 190
Credit program obligations:
0701 Direct loan subsidy –12



0791 Direct program activities, subtotal –12



0900 Total new obligations (object class 41.0) 178

Budgetary Resources:
Budget authority:
Appropriations, mandatory:
1200 Appropriation(indefinite) - Loan Subisdy –12
1200 Appropriation Presidential Teaching Fellows 190



1260 Appropriations, mandatory (total) 178
1930 Total budgetary resources available 178

Change in obligated balance:
3030 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 178
Obligated balance, end of year (net):
3090 Unpaid obligations, end of year (gross) 178



3100 Obligated balance, end of year (net) 178

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Mandatory:
4090 Budget authority, gross 178
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 178

Summary of Loan Levels, Subsidy Budget Authority and Outlays by Program (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0206–4–1–502 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Direct loan levels supportable by subsidy budget authority:
115001 TEACH Grants –99



115999 Total direct loan levels –99
Direct loan subsidy (in percent):
132001 TEACH Grants –0.82



132999 Weighted average subsidy rate –0.82
Direct loan subsidy budget authority:
133001 TEACH Grants –12



133999 Total subsidy budget authority –12
Direct loan subsidy outlays:
134001 TEACH Grants –6



134999 Total subsidy outlays –6

TEACH Grant Financing Account

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–4290–0–3–502 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Obligations by program activity:
Credit program obligations:
0710 Direct loan obligations 169 178 196
0713 Payment of interest to Treasury 9 16 22
0742 Downward reestimate paid to receipt account 6



0900 Total new obligations 184 194 218

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 12
1021 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations 1 24 26
1023 Unobligated balances applied to repay debt –1
1024 Unobligated balance of borrowing authority withdrawn –24 –26



1050 Unobligated balance (total) 12
Financing authority:
Borrowing authority, mandatory:
1400 Borrowing authority 160 176 194



1440 Borrowing authority, mandatory (total) 160 176 194
Spending authority from offsetting collections, mandatory:
1800 Collected 24 45 31
1801 Change in uncollected payments, Federal sources 5 6
1825 Spending authority from offsetting collections applied to repay debt –20 –15



1850 Spending auth from offsetting collections, mand (total) 24 30 22
1900 Financing authority(total) 184 206 216
1930 Total budgetary resources available 184 206 228
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 12 10

Change in obligated balance:
Obligated balance, start of year (net):
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 (gross) 46 87 49
3010 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, brought forward, Oct 1 –4 –4 –9



3020 Obligated balance, start of year (net) 42 83 40
3030 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 184 194 218
3040 Financing disbursements (gross) –142 –208 –211
3050 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired –5 –6
3080 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, unexpired –1 –24 –26
Obligated balance, end of year (net):
3090 Unpaid obligations, end of year (gross) 87 49 30
3091 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, end of year –4 –9 –15



3100 Obligated balance, end of year (net) 83 40 15

Financing authority and disbursements, net:
Mandatory:
4090 Financing authority, gross 184 206 216
Financing disbursements:
4110 Financing disbursements, gross 142 208 211
Offsets against gross financing authority and disbursements:
Offsetting collections (collected) from:
4120 Upward Reestimate –18
4120 Upward Reestimate, interest –2
4120 Subsidy from Program Account –18 –18 –19
4122 Interest on uninvested funds –3
4123 Payment of Principal –3 –4 –7
4123 Interest Received –3 –5



4130 Offsets against gross financing auth and disbursements (total) –24 –45 –31
Additional offsets against financing authority only (total):
4140 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired –5 –6



4160 Financing authority, net (mandatory) 160 156 179
4170 Financing disbursements, net (mandatory) 118 163 180
4180 Financing authority, net (total) 160 156 179
4190 Financing disbursements, net (total) 118 163 180

Status of Direct Loans (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–4290–0–3–502 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Position with respect to appropriations act limitation on obligations:
1131 Direct loan obligations exempt from limitation 169 178 196



1150 Total direct loan obligations 169 178 196

Cumulative balance of direct loans outstanding:
1210 Outstanding, start of year 153 278 423
1231 Disbursements: Direct loan disbursements 127 149 165
1251 Repayments: Repayments and prepayments –2 –4 –7



1290 Outstanding, end of year 278 423 581

As required by the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990, this non-budgetary account records all cash flows to and from the Government resulting from the TEACH Grant program. Amounts in this account are a means of financing and are not included in the budget totals.

Balance Sheet (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–4290–0–3–502 2010 actual 2011 actual

ASSETS:
1101 Federal assets: Fund balances with Treasury 14 28
Net value of assets related to post-1991 direct loans receivable:
1401 Direct loans receivable, gross 153 278
1402 Interest receivable 9 22
1405 Allowance for subsidy cost (-) –25 –46


1499 Net present value of assets related to direct loans 137 254


1999 Total assets 151 282
LIABILITIES:
Federal liabilities:
2101 Accounts payable 1
2103 Debt 150 282


2999 Total liabilities 151 282


4999 Total liabilities and net position 151 282

TEACH Grant Financing Account

(Legislative proposal, subject to PAYGO)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–4290–4–3–502 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Obligations by program activity:
Credit program obligations:
0710 Direct loan obligations –99
0713 Payment of interest to Treasury –1



0900 Total new obligations –100

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1021 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations –13
1024 Unobligated balance of borrowing authority withdrawn 13
Financing authority:
Borrowing authority, mandatory:
1400 Borrowing authority –95



1440 Borrowing authority, mandatory (total) –95
Spending authority from offsetting collections, mandatory:
1800 Collected –6
1801 Change in uncollected payments, Federal sources –5



1850 Spending auth from offsetting collections, mand (total) –11
1900 Financing authority(total) –106
1930 Total budgetary resources available –106
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year –6

Change in obligated balance:
3030 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts –100
3040 Financing disbursements (gross) 106
3050 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired 5
3080 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, unexpired 13
Obligated balance, end of year (net):
3090 Unpaid obligations, end of year (gross) 19
3091 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, end of year 5



3100 Obligated balance, end of year (net) 24

Financing authority and disbursements, net:
Mandatory:
4090 Financing authority, gross –106
Financing disbursements:
4110 Financing disbursements, gross –106
Offsets against gross financing authority and disbursements:
Offsetting collections (collected) from:
4120 Subsidy from Program Account 6
Additional offsets against financing authority only (total):
4140 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired 5



4160 Financing authority, net (mandatory) –95
4170 Financing disbursements, net (mandatory) –100
4180 Financing authority, net (total) –95
4190 Financing disbursements, net (total) –100

Status of Direct Loans (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–4290–4–3–502 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Position with respect to appropriations act limitation on obligations:
1131 Direct loan obligations exempt from limitation –99



1150 Total direct loan obligations –99

Cumulative balance of direct loans outstanding:
1210 Outstanding, start of year
1231 Disbursements: Direct loan disbursements –45
1251 Repayments: Repayments and prepayments



1290 Outstanding, end of year –45

Student Financial Assistance Debt Collection

Special and Trust Fund Receipts (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–5557–0–2–502 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

0100 Balance, start of year
Receipts:
0220 Student Financial Assistance Debt Collection 10 10 10



0400 Total: Balances and collections 10 10 10
Appropriations:
0500 Student Financial Assistance Debt Collection –10 –10 –10



0799 Balance, end of year

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–5557–0–2–502 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Student Financial Assistance Debt Collection 5 5 5



0900 Total new obligations (object class 25.2) 5 5 5

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 16 16 15
1021 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations 1
1022 Capital transfer of unobligated balances to general fund –6 –6 –6



1050 Unobligated balance (total) 11 10 9
Budget authority:
Appropriations, mandatory:
1201 Appropriation (special or trust fund) 10 10 10



1260 Appropriations, mandatory (total) 10 10 10
1930 Total budgetary resources available 21 20 19
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 16 15 14

Change in obligated balance:
Obligated balance, start of year (net):
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 (gross) 1 1 1
3030 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 5 5 5
3040 Outlays (gross) –4 –5 –5
3080 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, unexpired –1
Obligated balance, end of year (net):
3090 Unpaid obligations, end of year (gross) 1 1 1



3100 Obligated balance, end of year (net) 1 1 1

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Mandatory:
4090 Budget authority, gross 10 10 10
Outlays, gross:
4101 Outlays from mandatory balances 4 5 5
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 10 10 10
4190 Outlays, net (total) 4 5 5

Federal Student Loan Reserve Fund

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–4257–0–3–502 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0102 Obligations, non-Federal 12,201 8,045 7,353



0900 Total new obligations (object class 42.0) 12,201 8,045 7,353

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 2,965 1,664 1,392
1020 Adjustment of unobligated bal brought forward, Oct 1 –886