NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION

Federal Funds

Research and Related Activities

For necessary expenses in carrying out the National Science Foundation Act of 1950, as amended (42 U.S.C. 1861–1875), and the Act to establish a National Medal of Science (42 U.S.C. 1880–1881); services as authorized by 5 U.S.C. 3109; maintenance and operation of aircraft and purchase of flight services for research support; acquisition of aircraft; and authorized travel; [$5,719,000,000] $5,983,280,000, to remain available until September 30, [2013] 2014, of which not to exceed [$550,000,000] $500,000,000 shall remain available until expended for polar research and operations support, and for reimbursement to other Federal agencies for operational and science support and logistical and other related activities for the United States Antarctic program: Provided, That receipts for scientific support services and materials furnished by the National Research Centers and other National Science Foundation supported research facilities may be credited to this appropriation[: Provided further, That not less than $150,900,000 shall be available for activities authorized by section 7002(c)(2)(A)(iv) of Public Law 110–69: Provided further, That up to $50,000,000 of funds made available under this heading within this Act may be transferred to "Major Research Equipment and Facilities Construction'': Provided further, That funds so transferred shall not be subject to the transfer limitations described in the Administrative Provisions in this Act for the National Science Foundation, and shall be available until expended only after notification of such transfer to the Committees on Appropriations]. (Science Appropriations Act, 2012.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 49–0100–0–1–999 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Biological Sciences 712 712 734
0002 Computer and Information Science and Engineering 636 654 710
0003 Engineering 763 826 876
0004 EPSCoR 147 151 158
0005 Geosciences 885 885 906
0006 Mathematical and Physical Sciences 1,313 1,309 1,345
0007 Social, Behavioral and Economic Sciences 247 254 260
0008 Office of International Science and Engineering 49 50 51
0009 U.S. Polar Research Programs 373 368 382
0010 U.S. Antarctic Logistical Support Activities 68 68 68
0011 Integrative Activities 113 199 274
0012 Office of Cyberinfrastructure 301 212 218
0013 Arctic Research Commission 1 1 1



0799 Total direct obligations 5,608 5,689 5,983
0801 Reimbursable programs 121 128 120



0900 Total new obligations 5,729 5,817 6,103

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 1 8
1021 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations 100



1050 Unobligated balance (total) 101 8
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 5,575 5,719 5,983
1120 Appropriations transferred to other accts [70–0610] –54
1120 Transferred to other accounts [49–0551] –30
1130 Appropriations permanently reduced –11



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 5,510 5,689 5,983
Spending authority from offsetting collections, discretionary:
1700 Collected 72 120 120
1701 Change in uncollected payments, Federal sources 54



1750 Spending auth from offsetting collections, disc (total) 126 120 120
1900 Budget authority (total) 5,636 5,809 6,103
1930 Total budgetary resources available 5,737 5,817 6,103
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 8

Change in obligated balance:
Obligated balance, start of year (net):
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 (gross) 9,786 9,586 8,819
3010 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, brought forward, Oct 1 –91 –127 –127



3020 Obligated balance, start of year (net) 9,695 9,459 8,692
3030 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 5,729 5,817 6,103
3031 Obligations incurred, expired accounts 1
3040 Outlays (gross) –5,797 –6,584 –6,038
3050 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired –54
3051 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, expired 18
3080 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, unexpired –100
3081 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, expired –33
Obligated balance, end of year (net):
3090 Unpaid obligations, end of year (gross) 9,586 8,819 8,884
3091 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, end of year –127 –127 –127



3100 Obligated balance, end of year (net) 9,459 8,692 8,757

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 5,636 5,809 6,103
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 836 1,258 1,317
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 4,961 5,326 4,721



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 5,797 6,584 6,038
Offsets against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (collected) from:
4030 Federal sources –89 –120 –120
Additional offsets against gross budget authority only:
4050 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired –54
4052 Offsetting collections credited to expired accounts 17



4060 Additional offsets against budget authority only (total) –37



4070 Budget authority, net (discretionary) 5,510 5,689 5,983
4080 Outlays, net (discretionary) 5,708 6,464 5,918
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 5,510 5,689 5,983
4190 Outlays, net (total) 5,708 6,464 5,918

The Research and Related Activities appropriation enables the United States to provide leadership and promote progress across the expanding frontiers of scientific and engineering research and education.

The major research program activities of NSF are:

Biological Sciences._This activity promotes scientific progress in biology through support of research on all levels, including molecules, cells, organisms, and ecosystems. This activity also supports a comprehensive research initiative on plant genomes, including research on economically significant crops.

Computer and Information Science and Engineering._This activity supports research within and across the many sub-fields of computing, contributing to the education and training of computing professionals and informing the preparation of a U.S. workforce with computing competencies essential to success in an increasingly competitive, global market.

Engineering._Research supported by this activity aims to increase U.S. engineering capability and strength, and focus that capability and strength on areas that are relevant to national problems and long-term needs. This activity also includes small business innovation research.

Geosciences._This activity supports research and associated infrastructure to advance knowledge of the properties and dynamics of the planet on which we live. Research includes understanding the causes and implications of climate change, as well as disruptive processes such as earthquakes and storms.

Mathematical and Physical Sciences._Research in this activity is directed at increasing understanding of natural laws and phenomena across the astronomical sciences, chemistry, materials sciences, mathematical sciences, and physics. This fundamental research provides the long-term underpinnings for advances in areas such as sustainable energy and economic competitiveness.

Social, Behavioral, and Economic Sciences._This activity supports research, education, and infrastructure in the social, behavioral, cognitive, and economic sciences and funds the collection and dissemination of statistics on the science and engineering enterprise.

Office of International Science and Engineering._This activity promotes an integrated strategy for international science and engineering which complements and enhances NSF's broader research and education goals and which facilitates international collaboration.

U.S. Polar Research Programs._This activity supports Arctic and Antarctic research and operational science support and other related activities for United States polar research programs.

U.S. Antarctic Logistical Support Activities._This activity provides funding to reimburse Federal agencies for logistical and other related activities supported by the United States Antarctic Program.

Integrative Activities._This activity supports emerging cross-disciplinary research efforts and major research instrumentation. This activity also provides support for the Science and Technology Policy Institute. The Experimental Program to Stimulate Competitive Research broadens participation of States and regions in science and engineering by helping institutions expand their research capacity and competitiveness.

Office of Cyberinfrastructure._This activity supports research, development, acquisition, and operation of advanced shared and connecting cyberinfrastructure in support of the Nation's science and engineering research and education community.
The United States Arctic Research Commission promotes Arctic research and recommends national Arctic research policies to guide Federal agencies in developing and implementing their research programs in the Arctic region.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 49–0100–0–1–999 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Direct obligations:
21.0 Travel and transportation of persons 22 22 22
25.1 Advisory and assistance services 102 102 102
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 5 5 5
25.3 Other goods and services from Federal sources 32 32 32
25.4 Operation and maintenance of facilities 350 350 350
25.5 Research and development contracts 7 7 7
26.0 Supplies and materials 2 2 2
31.0 Equipment 2 2 2
41.0 Grants, subsidies, and contributions 5,086 5,167 5,461



99.0 Direct obligations 5,608 5,689 5,983
99.0 Reimbursable obligations 121 128 120



99.9 Total new obligations 5,729 5,817 6,103

Employment Summary


Identification code 49–0100–0–1–999 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

1001 Direct civilian full-time equivalent employment 3 3 3

Major Research Equipment and Facilities Construction

For necessary expenses for the acquisition, construction, commissioning, and upgrading of major research equipment, facilities, and other such capital assets pursuant to the National Science Foundation Act of 1950, as amended (42 U.S.C. 1861–1875), including authorized travel, [$167,055,000] $196,170,000, to remain available until expended[: Provided, That none of the funds may be used to reimburse the Judgment Fund]. (Science Appropriations Act, 2012.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 49–0551–0–1–251 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Direct program activity 125 198 196

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 9 1
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 117 167 196
1121 Appropriations transferred from other accts [49–0100] 30



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 117 197 196
1930 Total budgetary resources available 126 198 196
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 1

Change in obligated balance:
Obligated balance, start of year (net):
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 (gross) 597 494 380
3030 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 125 198 196
3040 Outlays (gross) –228 –312 –254
Obligated balance, end of year (net):
3090 Unpaid obligations, end of year (gross) 494 380 322



3100 Obligated balance, end of year (net) 494 380 322

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 117 197 196
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 12 12
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 228 300 242



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 228 312 254
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 117 197 196
4190 Outlays, net (total) 228 312 254

The Major Research Equipment and Facilities Construction activity supports the acquisition, construction, and commissioning of unique national research platforms and major research facilities and equipment. Performance of each construction project is measured against an established baseline at regular intervals and at major milestones.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 49–0551–0–1–251 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Direct obligations:
25.5 Research and development contracts 5 5 5
41.0 Grants, subsidies, and contributions 120 193 191



99.9 Total new obligations 125 198 196

Agency Operations and Award Management

For agency operations and award management necessary in carrying out the National Science Foundation Act of 1950, as amended (42 U.S.C. 1861–1875); services authorized by 5 U.S.C. 3109; hire of passenger motor vehicles; not to exceed $8,280 for official reception and representation expenses; uniforms or allowances therefor, as authorized by 5 U.S.C. 5901–5902; rental of conference rooms in the District of Columbia; and reimbursement of the Department of Homeland Security for security guard services; $299,400,000: Provided, That contracts may be entered into under this heading in fiscal year [2012] 2013 for maintenance and operation of facilities, and for other services, to be provided during the next fiscal year. (Science Appropriations Act, 2012.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 49–0180–0–1–251 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Administration and management 300 299 299
0801 Reimbursable programs 7 10 10



0900 Total new obligations 307 309 309

Budgetary Resources:
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 300 299 299
1130 Appropriations permanently reduced –1



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 299 299 299
Spending authority from offsetting collections, discretionary:
1700 Collected 7 10 10
1701 Change in uncollected payments, Federal sources 1



1750 Spending auth from offsetting collections, disc (total) 8 10 10
1900 Budget authority (total) 307 309 309
1930 Total budgetary resources available 307 309 309

Change in obligated balance:
Obligated balance, start of year (net):
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 (gross) 79 72 54
3010 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, brought forward, Oct 1 –1 –1



3020 Obligated balance, start of year (net) 79 71 53
3030 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 307 309 309
3040 Outlays (gross) –311 –327 –306
3050 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired –1
3081 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, expired –3
Obligated balance, end of year (net):
3090 Unpaid obligations, end of year (gross) 72 54 57
3091 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, end of year –1 –1 –1



3100 Obligated balance, end of year (net) 71 53 56

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 307 309 309
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 252 255 255
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 59 72 51



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 311 327 306
Offsets against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (collected) from:
4030 Federal sources –7 –10 –10
Additional offsets against gross budget authority only:
4050 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired –1



4070 Budget authority, net (discretionary) 299 299 299
4080 Outlays, net (discretionary) 304 317 296
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 299 299 299
4190 Outlays, net (total) 304 317 296

This account funds NSF's scientific, professional, and administrative workforce, the physical and technological infrastructure necessary for a productive, safe and secure work environment, and the essential business operations critical to NSF's administrative processes.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 49–0180–0–1–251 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation:
11.1 Full-time permanent 143 144 147
11.3 Other than full-time permanent 12 13 14
11.5 Other personnel compensation 7 3 4
11.8 Special personal services payments 1 1 1



11.9 Total personnel compensation 163 161 166
12.1 Civilian personnel benefits 40 42 43
21.0 Travel and transportation of persons 6 6 6
23.1 Rental payments 26 26 27
23.3 Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous charges 2 2 2
25.1 Advisory and assistance services 44 44 39
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 8 8 6
25.3 Other goods and services from Federal sources 2 2 2
26.0 Supplies and materials 4 4 4
31.0 Equipment 4 4 4



99.0 Direct obligations 299 299 299
99.0 Reimbursable obligations 8 10 10



99.9 Total new obligations 307 309 309

Employment Summary


Identification code 49–0180–0–1–251 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

1001 Direct civilian full-time equivalent employment 1,323 1,327 1,352

Office of the National Science Board

For necessary expenses (including payment of salaries, authorized travel, hire of passenger motor vehicles, the rental of conference rooms in the District of Columbia, and the employment of experts and consultants under section 3109 of title 5, United States Code) involved in carrying out section 4 of the National Science Foundation Act of 1950, as amended (42 U.S.C. 1863) and Public Law 86–209 (42 U.S.C. 1880 et seq.), $4,440,000: Provided, That not to exceed $2,500 shall be available for official reception and representation expenses. (Science Appropriations Act, 2012.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 49–0350–0–1–251 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Direct program activity 4 4 4

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 1
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 5 4 4



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 5 4 4
1930 Total budgetary resources available 5 5 4
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1940 Unobligated balance expiring –1
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 1

Change in obligated balance:
Obligated balance, start of year (net):
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 (gross) 1 1 1
3030 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 4 4 4
3040 Outlays (gross) –4 –4 –5
Obligated balance, end of year (net):
3090 Unpaid obligations, end of year (gross) 1 1



3100 Obligated balance, end of year (net) 1 1

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 5 4 4
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 3 3 3
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 1 1 2



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 4 4 5
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 5 4 4
4190 Outlays, net (total) 4 4 5

This appropriation provides policy-making and related responsibilities for NSF and provides guidance on significant national policy issues in science and engineering research and education, as required by law.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 49–0350–0–1–251 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Direct obligations:
11.1 Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent 2 2 2
12.1 Civilian personnel benefits 1 1 1
25.1 Advisory and assistance services 1 1 1



99.9 Total new obligations 4 4 4

Employment Summary


Identification code 49–0350–0–1–251 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

1001 Direct civilian full-time equivalent employment 18 18 18

Office of Inspector General

For necessary expenses of the Office of Inspector General as authorized by the Inspector General Act of 1978, as amended, $14,200,000, to remain available until September 30, 2014. (Science Appropriations Act, 2012.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 49–0300–0–1–251 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Direct program activity 14 16 14

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 2 2
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 14 14 14



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 14 14 14
1930 Total budgetary resources available 16 16 14
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 2

Change in obligated balance:
Obligated balance, start of year (net):
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 (gross) 3 3 6
3030 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 14 16 14
3040 Outlays (gross) –14 –13 –15
Obligated balance, end of year (net):
3090 Unpaid obligations, end of year (gross) 3 6 5



3100 Obligated balance, end of year (net) 3 6 5

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 14 14 14
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 12 11 11
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 2 2 4



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 14 13 15
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 14 14 14
4190 Outlays, net (total) 14 13 15

This appropriation provides agency-wide audit and investigative functions to identify and correct management and administrative deficiencies which create conditions for existing or potential instances of fraud, waste, and mismanagement consistent with the Inspector General Act of 1978, as amended (5 U.S.C. App. 3).

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 49–0300–0–1–251 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Direct obligations:
11.1 Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent 9 9 9
12.1 Civilian personnel benefits 2 2 2
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 3 5 3



99.9 Total new obligations 14 16 14

Employment Summary


Identification code 49–0300–0–1–251 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

1001 Direct civilian full-time equivalent employment 74 78 78

Education and Human Resources

For necessary expenses in carrying out science, mathematics and engineering education and human resources programs and activities pursuant to the National Science Foundation Act of 1950, as amended (42 U.S.C. 1861–1875), including services as authorized by 5 U.S.C. 3109, authorized travel, and rental of conference rooms in the District of Columbia, [$829,000,000] $875,610,000, to remain available until September 30, [2013: Provided, That not less than $54,890,000 shall be available until expended for activities authorized by section 7030 of Public Law 110–69] 2014. (Science Appropriations Act, 2012.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 49–0106–0–1–251 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Undergraduate education 285 303 246
0002 Graduate education 171 168 185
0003 Human resource development 157 125 135
0004 Research on learning in formal and informal settings 248 233 310



0091 Subtotal Appropriated Activities 861 829 876
0101 Low income scholarship program 78 121 75
0102 ITEST grants for mathematics, science, or engineering enrichment courses 18 40 25



0191 Subtotal Mandatory H-1B Non-Immigrant Petitioner Fee Activities 96 161 100



0200 Total direct obligations 957 990 976



0799 Total direct obligations 957 990 976
0801 Reimbursable programs 6 20 15



0900 Total new obligations 963 1,010 991

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 50 66
1021 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations 3



1050 Unobligated balance (total) 53 66
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 863 829 876
1120 Appropriations transferred to other accts [49–0106] –87 –55
1121 Appropriations transferred from other accts [49–0106] 87 55
1130 Appropriations permanently reduced –2



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 861 829 876
Appropriations, mandatory:
1201 Appropriation (special or trust fund) 105 100 100



1260 Appropriations, mandatory (total) 105 100 100
Spending authority from offsetting collections, discretionary:
1700 Collected 4 15 15
1701 Change in uncollected payments, Federal sources 6



1750 Spending auth from offsetting collections, disc (total) 10 15 15
1900 Budget authority (total) 976 944 991
1930 Total budgetary resources available 1,029 1,010 991
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 66

Change in obligated balance:
Obligated balance, start of year (net):
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 (gross) 1,895 1,934 1,842
3010 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, brought forward, Oct 1 –7 –12 –12



3020 Obligated balance, start of year (net) 1,888 1,922 1,830
3030 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 963 1,010 991
3040 Outlays (gross) –912 –1,102 –1,045
3050 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired –6
3051 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, expired 1
3080 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, unexpired –3
3081 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, expired –9
Obligated balance, end of year (net):
3090 Unpaid obligations, end of year (gross) 1,934 1,842 1,788
3091 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, end of year –12 –12 –12



3100 Obligated balance, end of year (net) 1,922 1,830 1,776

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 871 844 891
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 102 131 138
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 695 819 757



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 797 950 895
Offsets against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (collected) from:
4030 Federal sources –5 –15 –15
Additional offsets against gross budget authority only:
4050 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired –6
4052 Offsetting collections credited to expired accounts 1



4060 Additional offsets against budget authority only (total) –5



4070 Budget authority, net (discretionary) 861 829 876
4080 Outlays, net (discretionary) 792 935 880
Mandatory:
4090 Budget authority, gross 105 100 100
Outlays, gross:
4100 Outlays from new mandatory authority 11 11
4101 Outlays from mandatory balances 115 141 139



4110 Outlays, gross (total) 115 152 150
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 966 929 976
4190 Outlays, net (total) 907 1,087 1,030

Education and Human Resources (EHR) activities provide a comprehensive set of programs that further NSF's goal of ensuring a diverse, competitive, and globally engaged U.S. science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) workforce, as well as scientifically literate citizens. At the pre-kindergarten through grade 12 (pre-K-12) levels, EHR catalyzes reform of STEM education through the development of public-private partnerships. Its pre-K-12 programs provide new instructional materials for students and teachers that incorporate the latest advances in teaching, learning, and educational technologies; growth in the knowledge base; and teacher education opportunities that support the full continuum of STEM teacher education from pre-service and in-service, through life-long learning. Undergraduate programs improve curricula, strengthen laboratory course offerings, enhance faculty, and lead reform efforts in STEM disciplines. Programs for advanced technological education strengthen education for students preparing to enter the high-technology workforce. Graduate level support is directed primarily to fellowships and traineeships to sustain the U.S. world leadership in science and technology. All EHR programming focuses on broadening participation of groups underrepresented in STEM fields including activities focused on the improvement of infrastructure and academic programs at minority-serving institutions. EHR supports education research that advances our knowledge of how people learn in the STEM disciplines; it also supports the development and effective implementation of learning technologies. STEM evaluation activities ensure accountability by developing indicators that measure program impact and inform the education community of best practices and relevant information. EHR activities also include programs supported by H-1B non-immigrant visa fees. These programs provide undergraduate and graduate scholarships in STEM fields, improve educational opportunities for students, and support for STEM education by providing research opportunities for STEM teachers and students.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 49–0106–0–1–251 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Direct obligations:
21.0 Travel and transportation of persons 4 4 4
25.1 Advisory and assistance services 33 33 33
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 4 4 4
41.0 Grants, subsidies, and contributions 916 949 935



99.0 Direct obligations 957 990 976
99.0 Reimbursable obligations 6 20 15



99.9 Total new obligations 963 1,010 991

Trust Funds

Donations

Special and Trust Fund Receipts (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 49–8960–0–7–251 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

0100 Balance, start of year
Receipts:
0220 Donations, National Science Foundation 53 25 25



0400 Total: Balances and collections 53 25 25
Appropriations:
0500 Donations –53 –25 –25



0799 Balance, end of year

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 49–8960–0–7–251 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Atacama Large Millimeter Array 10 29 10
0002 Gemini Telescope 17 24 15
0003 B&M Gates Foundation 5 12
0004 US Civilian Research 15 12



0900 Total new obligations 47 77 25

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 46 52
Budget authority:
Appropriations, mandatory:
1201 Appropriation (special or trust fund) 53 25 25



1260 Appropriations, mandatory (total) 53 25 25
1930 Total budgetary resources available 99 77 25
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 52

Change in obligated balance:
Obligated balance, start of year (net):
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 (gross) 34 46 12
3030 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 47 77 25
3040 Outlays (gross) –35 –111 –37
Obligated balance, end of year (net):
3090 Unpaid obligations, end of year (gross) 46 12



3100 Obligated balance, end of year (net) 46 12

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Mandatory:
4090 Budget authority, gross 53 25 25
Outlays, gross:
4100 Outlays from new mandatory authority 25 25
4101 Outlays from mandatory balances 35 86 12



4110 Outlays, gross (total) 35 111 37
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 53 25 25
4190 Outlays, net (total) 35 111 37

This account consists of contributions from foreign governments, organizations, and individuals to fund various cooperative efforts in science, research, and education. These efforts include major international projects, such as operation of the Gemini telescopes, and the NSF ocean drilling program. Other smaller activities supported include cooperative research, joint seminars, exchange of senior scientists, short-term research development visits, international conferences, and support for certain special functions of NSF and the National Science Board. These funds are not otherwise available.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 49–8960–0–7–251 2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Direct obligations:
25.4 Operation and maintenance of facilities 9 9 9
41.0 Grants, subsidies, and contributions 38 68 16



99.9 Total new obligations 47 77 25

ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS

Administrative Provision

Not to exceed 5 percent of any appropriation made available for the current fiscal year for the National Science Foundation in this Act may be transferred between such appropriations, but no such appropriation shall be increased by more than 15 percent by any such transfers. Any transfer pursuant to this section shall be treated as a reprogramming of funds under section 505 of this Act and shall not be available for obligation except in compliance with the procedures set forth in that section. (Science Appropriations Act, 2012.)

GENERAL FUND RECEIPT ACCOUNT

(in millions of dollars)


2011 actual 2012 est. 2013 est.

Offsetting receipts from the public:
49–322000 All Other General Fund Proprietary Receipts Including Budget Clearing Accounts 1 2 2



General Fund Offsetting receipts from the public 1 2 2