DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

Office of the Secretary

Federal Funds

Production, Processing and Marketing

office of the secretary

For necessary expenses of the Office of the Secretary of Agriculture, $5,086,000: Provided, That not to exceed $11,000 of this amount shall be available for official reception and representation expenses, not otherwise provided for, as determined by the Secretary.

Office of the Assistant Secretary for Civil Rights

For necessary expenses of the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Civil Rights, $898,000.

Office of the Assistant Secretary for Administration

For necessary expenses of the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Administration, $809,000.

Office of Tribal Relations

For necessary expenses of the Office of Tribal Relations, $502,000, to support communication and consultation activities with Federally Recognized Tribes, as well as other requirements established by law.

Office of the Assistant Secretary for Congressional Relations

(including transfers of funds)

For necessary expenses of the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Congressional Relations to carry out the programs funded by this Act, including programs involving intergovernmental affairs and liaison within the executive branch, $3,897,000: Provided, That these funds may be transferred to agencies of the Department of Agriculture funded by this Act to maintain personnel at the agency level.

Office of the Under Secretary for Research, Education and Economics

For necessary expenses of the Office of the Under Secretary for Research, Education and Economics, $898,000.

Office of the Under Secretary for Marketing and Regulatory Programs

For necessary expenses of the Office of the Under Secretary for Marketing and Regulatory Programs, $898,000.

Office of the Under Secretary for Food Safety

For necessary expenses of the Office of the Under Secretary for Food Safety, $816,000.

Office of the Under Secretary for Farm and Foreign Agricultural Services

For necessary expenses of the Office of the Under Secretary for Farm and Foreign Agricultural Services, $898,000.

Office of the Under Secretary for Natural Resources and Environment

For necessary expenses of the Office of the Under Secretary for Natural Resources and Environment, $898,000.

Office of the Under Secretary for Rural Development

For necessary expenses of the Office of the Under Secretary for Rural Development, $898,000.

Office of the Under Secretary for Food, Nutrition and Consumer Services

For necessary expenses of the Office of the Under Secretary for Food, Nutrition and Consumer Services, $816,000.

Note.—A full-year 2013 appropriation for this account was not enacted at the time the budget was prepared; therefore, the budget assumes this account is operating under the Continuing Appropriations Resolution, 2013 (P.L. 112–175). The amounts included for 2013 reflect the annualized level provided by the continuing resolution.

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–9913–0–1–352 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Office of the Secretary 4 4 4
0002 Under/Assistant Secretaries 9 11 12
0003 Trade negotiations and biotechnology resources 1 1 1



0799 Total direct obligations 14 16 17
0802 Reimbursable program 10 10 10



0900 Total new obligations 24 26 27

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 1 1 2
1021 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations 1 1



1050 Unobligated balance (total) 1 2 3
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 14 16 17



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 14 16 17
Spending authority from offsetting collections, discretionary:
1700 Collected 2 5 5
1701 Change in uncollected payments, Federal sources 10 5 5



1750 Spending auth from offsetting collections, disc (total) 12 10 10
1900 Budget authority (total) 26 26 27
1930 Total budgetary resources available 27 28 30
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1940 Unobligated balance expiring –2
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 1 2 3

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 7 6 3
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 24 26 27
3011 Obligations incurred, expired accounts 3
3020 Outlays (gross) –25 –28 –27
3040 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, unexpired –1 –1
3041 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, expired –3



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 6 3 2
Uncollected payments:
3060 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, brought forward, Oct 1 –19 –25 –30
3070 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired –10 –5 –5
3071 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, expired 4



3090 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, end of year –25 –30 –35
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year –12 –19 –27
3200 Obligated balance, end of year –19 –27 –33

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 26 26 27
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 21 23 24
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 4 5 3



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 25 28 27
Offsets against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (collected) from:
4030 Federal sources –10 –5 –5
Additional offsets against gross budget authority only:
4050 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired –10 –5 –5
4052 Offsetting collections credited to expired accounts 8



4060 Additional offsets against budget authority only (total) –2 –5 –5



4070 Budget authority, net (discretionary) 14 16 17
4080 Outlays, net (discretionary) 15 23 22
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 14 16 17
4190 Outlays, net (total) 15 23 22

The Office of the Secretary is responsible for the overall planning, coordination and administration of the Department's programs. This includes the Secretary, Deputy Secretary, Under Secretaries, Assistant Secretaries, and their immediate staffs, who provide top policy guidance for the Department; maintain relationships with agricultural organizations and others in the development of farm programs; and provide liaison with the Executive Office of the President and Members of Congress on all matters pertaining to agricultural policy.

Funds are proposed for the Office of the Secretary's account for (1) negotiating and monitoring trade agreements; and (2) for technical trade support in the areas of biotechnology, sanitary and phyto-sanitary issues. The 2014 Budget requests $17 million.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–9913–0–1–352 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Direct obligations:
11.1 Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent 8 10 11
12.1 Civilian personnel benefits 2 3 3
21.0 Travel and transportation of persons 1 1 1
23.3 Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous charges 1 1 1
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 2 1 1



99.0 Direct obligations 14 16 17
99.0 Reimbursable obligations 10 10 10



99.9 Total new obligations 24 26 27

Employment Summary


Identification code 12–9913–0–1–352 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

1001 Direct civilian full-time equivalent employment 62 62 65
2001 Reimbursable civilian full-time equivalent employment 60 62 62

Trust Funds

Gifts and Bequests

Special and Trust Fund Receipts (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–8203–0–7–352 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

0100 Balance, start of year 1
Receipts:
0220 Gifts and Bequests, Departmental Administration 1 1 1



0400 Total: Balances and collections 1 1 2
Appropriations:
0500 Gifts and Bequests –1



0799 Balance, end of year 1 2

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–8203–0–7–352 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Gifts and bequests 1 1 1



0900 Total new obligations (object class 99.5) 1 1 1

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 3 3 2
Budget authority:
Appropriations, mandatory:
1201 Appropriation (special or trust fund) 1



1260 Appropriations, mandatory (total) 1
1900 Budget authority (total) 1
1930 Total budgetary resources available 4 3 2
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 3 2 1

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 1 1 1
3020 Outlays (gross) –1 –1 –1

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Mandatory:
4090 Budget authority, gross 1
Outlays, gross:
4101 Outlays from mandatory balances 1 1 1
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 1
4190 Outlays, net (total) 1 1 1

The Secretary is authorized to accept and administer gifts and bequests of real and personal property to facilitate the work of the Department. Property and the proceeds thereof are used in accordance with the terms of the gift or bequest (7 U.S.C. 2269).

Executive Operations

Federal Funds

Common Computing Environment

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–0113–0–1–352 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Direct program activity 1



0900 Total new obligations (object class 99.5) 1

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 1 1
1930 Total budgetary resources available 1 1
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 1

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 1
3020 Outlays (gross) –1

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
Outlays, gross:
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 1
4190 Outlays, net (total) 1

The Common Computing Environment provides the shared information technology platform for the three Service Center Agencies (the Farm Service Agency, the Natural Resources Conservation Service, and the Rural Development agencies).

Working Capital Fund

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–4609–0–4–352 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0801 Administration 48 47 51
0802 Communications 5 6 6
0803 Finance and management 344 281 306
0804 Information technology 450 379 413
0805 Executive secretariat 4 3 4



0809 Reimbursable program activities, subtotal 851 716 780
0811 Administration 4 2
0813 Finance and management 36 22 17
0814 Information technology 3 6 9



0819 Reimbursable program activities - Purchase of Equipment (Capital), subtotal 39 32 28



0900 Total new obligations 890 748 808

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 117 132 110
1021 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations 32



1050 Unobligated balance (total) 149 132 110
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1121 Appropriations transferred from other accts RD [12–2081] 2
1121 Appropriations transferred from other accts OBPA [12–9915] 1
1121 Appropriations transferred from other accts RD [12–1230] 1
1121 Appropriations transferred from other accts APHIS [12–1600] 3



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 7
Spending authority from offsetting collections, discretionary:
1700 Collected 906 726 790
1701 Change in uncollected payments, Federal sources –40



1750 Spending auth from offsetting collections, disc (total) 866 726 790
1900 Budget authority (total) 873 726 790
1930 Total budgetary resources available 1,022 858 900
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 132 110 92

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 241 288 66
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 890 748 808
3020 Outlays (gross) –811 –970 –859
3040 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, unexpired –32



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 288 66 15
Uncollected payments:
3060 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, brought forward, Oct 1 –269 –229 –229
3070 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired 40



3090 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, end of year –229 –229 –229
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year –28 59 –163
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 59 –163 –214

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 873 726 790
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 617 628 683
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 194 342 176



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 811 970 859
Offsets against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (collected) from:
4030 Federal sources –894 –726 –790
4033 Non-Federal sources –12



4040 Offsets against gross budget authority and outlays (total) –906 –726 –790
Additional offsets against gross budget authority only:
4050 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired 40



4070 Budget authority, net (discretionary) 7
4080 Outlays, net (discretionary) –95 244 69
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 7
4190 Outlays, net (total) –95 244 69

This fund finances, by advances or reimbursements, certain central services in the Department of Agriculture, including duplicating and other visual information services; broadcast media services; supply services; centralized financial management systems; centralized automated data processing systems for payroll, personnel, and related services; voucher payments services; telecommunications services; and information technology systems.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–4609–0–4–352 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Reimbursable obligations:
Personnel compensation:
11.1 Full-time permanent - OCFO 87 95 107
11.1 Full-time permanent - OCIO 78 86 88
11.1 Full-time permanent - DA OES OC 18 20 20
11.5 Other personnel compensation - OCFO 4 3 3
11.5 Other personnel compensation - OCIO 2 1 2
11.5 Other personnel compensation - DA OES OC 1



11.9 Total personnel compensation 190 205 220
12.1 Civilian personnel benefits OCFO 29 30 34
12.1 Civilian personnel benefits OCIO 25 25 25
12.1 Civilian personnel benefits - DA OES OC 6 6 7
21.0 Travel and transportation of persons OCFO 1 1 1
21.0 Travel and transportation of persons - OCIO 3 3 3
22.0 Transportation of things - DA OES OC 1 1 1
23.1 Rental payments to GSA - OCFO 1 1 1
23.1 Rental payments to GSA - OCIO 4 6 6
23.1 Rental payments to GSA - DA OES OC 1 1 1
23.2 Rental payments to others - OCFO 12 12 12
23.2 Rental payments to others - OCIO 11 11 11
23.3 Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous charges - OCFO 4 10 4
23.3 Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous charges - OCIO 70 69 70
23.3 Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous charges - DA OES OC 3 3 3
24.0 Printing and reproduction 1
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 1 1 1
25.3 Other goods and services from Federal sources - OCFO 170 85 94
25.3 Other goods and services from Federal sources - OCIO 150 104 137
25.3 Other goods and services from Federal sources - DA OES OC 23 20 22
25.4 Operation and maintenance of facilities 2 2 2
25.7 Operation and maintenance of equipment - OCFO 24 30 36
25.7 Operation and maintenance of equipment - OCIO 47 52 60
25.7 Operation and maintenance of equipment - DA OES OC 2 1 2
26.0 Supplies and materials - OCFO 2 1 1
26.0 Supplies and materials - OCIO 8 5 3
26.0 Supplies and materials - DA OES OC 3 3 3
31.0 Equipment - OCFO 42 34 29
31.0 Equipment - DA OES OC 54 4 2
31.0 Equipment - OCIO 22 17



99.9 Total new obligations 890 748 808

Employment Summary


Identification code 12–4609–0–4–352 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

2001 Reimbursable civilian full-time equivalent employment 2,293 2,295 2,417

Office of Chief Economist

Federal Funds

Executive Operations

office of the chief economist

For necessary expenses of the Office of the Chief Economist, $12,854,000.

Note.—A full-year 2013 appropriation for this account was not enacted at the time the budget was prepared; therefore, the budget assumes this account is operating under the Continuing Appropriations Resolution, 2013 (P.L. 112–175). The amounts included for 2013 reflect the annualized level provided by the continuing resolution.

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–0123–0–1–352 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Direct program activity 11 11 13
0801 Reimbursable program activity - other 2 1 1
0802 Reimbursable program activity (Biodiesel Fuel Education Program) 1



0899 Total reimbursable obligations 3 1 1



0900 Total new obligations 14 12 14

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 1
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 11 11 13



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 11 11 13
Appropriations, mandatory:
1221 Appropriations transferred from other accts [12–4336] 1



1260 Appropriations, mandatory (total) 1
Spending authority from offsetting collections, discretionary:
1700 Collected 2 2
1701 Change in uncollected payments, Federal sources 3



1750 Spending auth from offsetting collections, disc (total) 3 2 2
1900 Budget authority (total) 15 13 15
1930 Total budgetary resources available 15 13 16
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1940 Unobligated balance expiring –1
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 1 2

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 5 8 6
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 14 12 14
3011 Obligations incurred, expired accounts 2
3020 Outlays (gross) –13 –14 –16



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 8 6 4
Uncollected payments:
3060 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, brought forward, Oct 1 –2 –4 –4
3070 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired –3
3071 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, expired 1



3090 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, end of year –4 –4 –4
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year 3 4 2
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 4 2

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 14 13 15
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 9 12 14
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 4 2 2



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 13 14 16
Offsets against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (collected) from:
4030 Federal sources –1 –2 –2
Additional offsets against gross budget authority only:
4050 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired –3
4052 Offsetting collections credited to expired accounts 1



4060 Additional offsets against budget authority only (total) –2



4070 Budget authority, net (discretionary) 11 11 13
4080 Outlays, net (discretionary) 12 12 14
Mandatory:
4090 Budget authority, gross 1
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 12 11 13
4190 Outlays, net (total) 12 12 14

The Office of the Chief Economist advises the Secretary of Agriculture on the economic implications of Department policies, programs and proposed legislation. The Office serves as a focal point for USDA's economic intelligence and analysis; projections related to agricultural commodity markets; risk assessment and cost-benefit analysis related to domestic and international food and agriculture; policy direction for renewable energy development; coordination, analysis and advice on climate change and environmental market activities; and is responsible for coordination and review of all commodity and aggregate agricultural and food-related data used to develop outlook and situation material within the Department. The 2014 Budget requests $13 million, which includes a $700,000 increase for oversight of USDA-wide efforts to integrate climate change adaptation planning and actions into USDA programs and policies, and a $900,000 increase to fund staff to evaluate and quantify the environmental services produced by conservation practices.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–0123–0–1–352 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Direct obligations:
11.1 Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent 7 6 7
12.1 Civilian personnel benefits 2 2 2
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 2 3 4



99.0 Direct obligations 11 11 13
99.0 Reimbursable obligations 3 1 1



99.9 Total new obligations 14 12 14

Employment Summary


Identification code 12–0123–0–1–352 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

1001 Direct civilian full-time equivalent employment 49 53 56

National Appeals Division

Federal Funds

National Appeals Division

For necessary expenses of the National Appeals Division, $12,940,000.

Note.—A full-year 2013 appropriation for this account was not enacted at the time the budget was prepared; therefore, the budget assumes this account is operating under the Continuing Appropriations Resolution, 2013 (P.L. 112–175). The amounts included for 2013 reflect the annualized level provided by the continuing resolution.

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–0706–0–1–352 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 National Appeals Division 12 13 13

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 1 1
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 13 13 13



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 13 13 13
1930 Total budgetary resources available 13 14 14
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 1 1 1

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 3 2 2
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 12 13 13
3011 Obligations incurred, expired accounts 2
3020 Outlays (gross) –13 –13 –13
3041 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, expired –2



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 2 2 2
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year 3 2 2
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 2 2 2

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 13 13 13
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 11 10 10
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 2 3 3



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 13 13 13
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 13 13 13
4190 Outlays, net (total) 13 13 13

The National Appeals Division (NAD) is responsible for listening to farmers and other rural program participants concerning their disputes with certain agencies within the Department of Agriculture through fair and impartial administrative hearings and appeals. The 2014 Budget requests $13 million.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–0706–0–1–352 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Direct obligations:
11.1 Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent 8 9 9
12.1 Civilian personnel benefits 2 2 2
25.1 Advisory and assistance services 2 1 1



99.0 Direct obligations 12 12 12
99.5 Below reporting threshold 1 1



99.9 Total new obligations 12 13 13

Employment Summary


Identification code 12–0706–0–1–352 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

1001 Direct civilian full-time equivalent employment 86 92 92

Office of Civil Rights

Federal Funds

Office of Civil Rights

For necessary expenses of the Office of Civil Rights, $21,550,000.

Note.—A full-year 2013 appropriation for this account was not enacted at the time the budget was prepared; therefore, the budget assumes this account is operating under the Continuing Appropriations Resolution, 2013 (P.L. 112–175). The amounts included for 2013 reflect the annualized level provided by the continuing resolution.

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–3800–0–1–352 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Direct program activity 21 21 22
0801 Reimbursable program activity 2 2 2



0900 Total new obligations 23 23 24

Budgetary Resources:
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 21 21 22



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 21 21 22
Spending authority from offsetting collections, discretionary:
1700 Collected 2 2
1701 Change in uncollected payments, Federal sources 2



1750 Spending auth from offsetting collections, disc (total) 2 2 2
1900 Budget authority (total) 23 23 24
1930 Total budgetary resources available 23 23 24

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 5 3 1
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 23 23 24
3011 Obligations incurred, expired accounts 1
3020 Outlays (gross) –23 –25 –24
3041 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, expired –3



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 3 1 1
Uncollected payments:
3060 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, brought forward, Oct 1 –7 –6 –6
3070 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired –2
3071 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, expired 3



3090 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, end of year –6 –6 –6
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year –2 –3 –5
3200 Obligated balance, end of year –3 –5 –5

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 23 23 24
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 20 22 23
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 3 3 1



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 23 25 24
Offsets against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (collected) from:
4030 Federal sources –3 –2 –2
Additional offsets against gross budget authority only:
4050 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired –2
4052 Offsetting collections credited to expired accounts 3



4060 Additional offsets against budget authority only (total) 1



4070 Budget authority, net (discretionary) 21 21 22
4080 Outlays, net (discretionary) 20 23 22
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 21 21 22
4190 Outlays, net (total) 20 23 22

The Office of Civil Rights provides overall leadership responsibility for all Department-wide civil rights activities, including employment opportunity and program non-discrimination policy development, analysis, coordination, and compliance. The Office is responsible for providing leadership in the implementation of best practices that will create an environment where a diverse workforce is valued as a source of strength. The Office has the responsibility for monitoring program activities to ensure that all USDA programs are delivered in a non-discriminatory manner. The 2014 Budget requests $22 million.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–3800–0–1–352 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Direct obligations:
11.1 Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent 13 13 14
12.1 Civilian personnel benefits 4 4 4
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 1 3 3
25.3 Other goods and services from Federal sources 3 1 1



99.0 Direct obligations 21 21 22
99.0 Reimbursable obligations 1 2 2
99.5 Below reporting threshold 1



99.9 Total new obligations 23 23 24

Employment Summary


Identification code 12–3800–0–1–352 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

1001 Direct civilian full-time equivalent employment 123 134 134

Departmental Management

Federal Funds

Departmental Administration

(including transfers of funds)

For Departmental Administration, $22,993,000, to provide for necessary expenses for management support services to offices of the Department and for general administration, security, repairs and alterations, and other miscellaneous supplies and expenses not otherwise provided for and necessary for the practical and efficient work of the Department: Provided, That this appropriation shall be reimbursed from applicable appropriations in this Act for travel expenses incident to the holding of hearings as required by 5 U.S.C. 551–558.

Office of the Chief Information Officer

For necessary expenses of the Office of the Chief Information Officer, $44,159,000.

Office of the Chief Financial Officer

For necessary expenses of the Office of the Chief Financial Officer, $6,243,000: Provided, That no funds made available by this appropriation may be obligated for FAIR Act or Circular A-76 activities until the Secretary has submitted to the Committees on Appropriations of both Houses of Congress and the Committee on Oversight and Government Reform of the House of Representatives a report on the Department's contracting out policies, including agency budgets for contracting out.

Office of Budget and Program Analysis

For necessary expenses of the Office of Budget and Program Analysis, $11,129,000.

Office of Homeland Security and Emergency Coordination

For necessary expenses of the Office of Homeland Security and Emergency Coordination, $1,507,000.

Office of Advocacy and Outreach

For necessary expenses of the Office of Advocacy and Outreach, $1,217,000.

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–9915–0–1–350 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Office of Advocacy and Outreach 1 1 1
0004 Office of the Chief Financial Officer 6 6 6
0005 Office of Budget and Program Analysis 8 9 11
0006 Office of the Chief Information Officer 42 44 44
0007 Departmental Administration 26 24 23
0008 Office of Homeland Security and Emergency Coordination 1 2 2
0009 Outreach and Technical Assistance Program 20



0799 Total direct obligations 104 86 87
0801 Reimbursable program activity 112 83 82



0900 Total new obligations 216 169 169

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 6 1 1
1001 Discretionary unobligated balance brought fwd, Oct 1 6 1
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 85 86 87
1120 Appropriations transferred to other accts [12–4609] –1
1131 Unobligated balance of appropriations permanently reduced –4



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 80 86 87
Appropriations, mandatory:
1221 Appropriations transferred from other accts [12–4336] 22



1260 Appropriations, mandatory (total) 22
Spending authority from offsetting collections, discretionary:
1700 Collected 50 83 83
1701 Change in uncollected payments, Federal sources 72



1750 Spending auth from offsetting collections, disc (total) 122 83 83
1900 Budget authority (total) 224 169 170
1930 Total budgetary resources available 230 170 171
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1940 Unobligated balance expiring –13
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 1 1 2

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 104 116 10
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 216 169 169
3011 Obligations incurred, expired accounts 10
3020 Outlays (gross) –202 –275 –170
3041 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, expired –12



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 116 10 9
Uncollected payments:
3060 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, brought forward, Oct 1 –142 –148 –148
3070 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired –72
3071 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, expired 66



3090 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, end of year –148 –148 –148
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year –38 –32 –138
3200 Obligated balance, end of year –32 –138 –139

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 202 169 170
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 132 166 167
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 62 109 3



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 194 275 170
Offsets against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (collected) from:
4030 Federal sources –138 –83 –83
Additional offsets against gross budget authority only:
4050 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired –72
4052 Offsetting collections credited to expired accounts 88



4060 Additional offsets against budget authority only (total) 16



4070 Budget authority, net (discretionary) 80 86 87
4080 Outlays, net (discretionary) 56 192 87
Mandatory:
4090 Budget authority, gross 22
Outlays, gross:
4100 Outlays from new mandatory authority 1
4101 Outlays from mandatory balances 7



4110 Outlays, gross (total) 8
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 102 86 87
4190 Outlays, net (total) 64 192 87

Summary of Budget Authority and Outlays (in millions of dollars)


2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Enacted/requested:
Budget Authority 102 86 87
Outlays 64 192 87
Legislative proposal, subject to PAYGO:
Outlays –1
Total:
Budget Authority 102 86 87
Outlays 64 192 86

Departmental Management comprises the following offices:

Departmental Administration includes offices that provide staff support to policy officials and overall direction and coordination of the Department. These activities include Department-wide programs for human resources management, occupational safety and health management, real and personal property management, acquisitions and contracting, motor vehicle and aircraft management, supply management, participation of small and disadvantaged businesses, service-disabled veterans programs, and the regulatory hearing and administrative proceedings conducted by the Administrative Law Judges, and Judicial Officer. The 2014 Budget requests $23 million.

The Clinger-Cohen Act of 1996 required the establishment of a Chief Information Officer (CIO) for all major Federal agencies. The Act requires USDA to maximize the value of information technology acquisitions to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of USDA programs. To meet the intent of the law and to provide a Departmental focus for information resources management issues, Secretary's Memorandum 1030–30, dated August 8, 1996, established the Office of the Chief Information Officer (OCIO). The CIO serves as the primary advisor to the Secretary on Information Technology (IT) issues. OCIO provides leadership for the Department's information and IT management activities in support of USDA program delivery. The 2014 Budget requests $44 million for OCIO.

The Office of the Chief Financial Officer (OCFO) was established in 1995 under authority provided in Reorganization Plan Number 2 of 1953 (7 U.S.C. 2201) to comply with the Chief Financial Officers Act of 1990. The OCFO focuses on the Department's financial and performance management activities to improve program delivery and assure maximum contribution to the Secretary's Strategic Goals. The 2014 Budget requests $6 million.

The Office of Budget and Program Analysis (OBPA) coordinates the preparation of Departmental budget estimates, regulations, and legislative reports; administers systems for the allotment and apportionment of funds; provides analysis of USDA program issues, draft regulations, and budget proposals; participates in strategic planning; and provides assistance to USDA policy makers in the development and execution of desired policies and programs. The 2014 Budget requests $11 million. To support evidence-based policy-making, $2 million is requested in the Budget to provide support for the establishment of a Chief Evaluation Officer within USDA to work closely with program offices and agencies to develop and implement evaluation agendas and priorities set by policy officials.

The Office of Homeland Security and Emergency Coordination formulates emergency preparedness policies and objectives for USDA. The Staff directs and coordinates all of the Department's program activities that support USDA emergency programs and liaison functions with the Congress, the Department of Homeland Security, and other Federal Departments and agencies involving homeland security, natural disasters, other emergencies, and agriculture-related international civil emergency planning and intelligence activities. The 2014 Budget requests $1.5 million.

The Office of Advocacy and Outreach (OAO) improves access to USDA programs and enhances the viability and profitability of small farms and ranches, beginning farmers and ranchers, and socially disadvantaged farmers and ranchers ensuring that the Department and its programs are open and transparent. The Department is committed to ensuring that all USDA constituents, including historically underserved groups, have the opportunity to participate in and benefit from the programs offered by the Department. The 2014 Budget requests $1 million.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–9915–0–1–350 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Direct obligations:
11.1 Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent 35 39 37
12.1 Civilian personnel benefits 12 12 12
21.0 Travel and transportation of persons 1 1 1
23.3 Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous charges 1 1 1
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 41 21 22
25.3 Other goods and services from Federal sources 13 11 13
26.0 Supplies and materials 1 1 1



99.0 Direct obligations 104 86 87
99.0 Reimbursable obligations 112 83 82



99.9 Total new obligations 216 169 169

Employment Summary


Identification code 12–9915–0–1–350 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

1001 Direct civilian full-time equivalent employment 360 400 397
2001 Reimbursable civilian full-time equivalent employment 183 132 130

Departmental Administration

(Legislative proposal, subject to PAYGO)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–9915–4–1–350 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Budgetary Resources:
Budget authority:
Spending authority from offsetting collections, mandatory:
1800 Collected 1



1850 Spending auth from offsetting collections, mand (total) 1
1930 Total budgetary resources available 1
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 1

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Mandatory:
4090 Budget authority, gross 1
Offsets against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (collected) from:
4123 Non-Federal sources –1
4190 Outlays, net (total) –1

USDA's BioPreferred Program is charged with administering the voluntary USDA Certified Biobased Product label, which was mandated by both the 2002 and 2008 Farm Bills. In 2011, USDA authorized the use of a label for biobased products that producers can use in advertising their products. To ensure the integrity of the label, the Budget requests authority for USDA to: (1) impose civil penalties on companies who misuse the label; and (2) assess each producer who applies to use the label a fee to fund a program audit. This fee, which will begin to be collected once authorizing legislation is enacted, has been given broad support by potential users who commented on the labels proposed rule, which was issued in May 2010.

Hazardous Materials Management

(including transfers of funds)

For necessary expenses of the Department of Agriculture, to comply with the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (42 U.S.C. 9601 et seq.) and the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (42 U.S.C. 6901 et seq.), $3,600,000, to remain available until expended: Provided, That appropriations and funds available herein to the Department for Hazardous Materials Management may be transferred to any agency of the Department for its use in meeting all requirements pursuant to the above Acts on Federal and non-Federal lands.

Note.—A full-year 2013 appropriation for this account was not enacted at the time the budget was prepared; therefore, the budget assumes this account is operating under the Continuing Appropriations Resolution, 2013 (P.L. 112–175). The amounts included for 2013 reflect the annualized level provided by the continuing resolution.

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–0500–0–1–304 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Hazardous materials management 4 4 4

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 1 1 1
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 4 4 4



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 4 4 4
1930 Total budgetary resources available 5 5 5
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 1 1 1

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 16 16 1
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 4 4 4
3020 Outlays (gross) –4 –19 –4



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 16 1 1
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year 16 16 1
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 16 1 1

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 4 4 4
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 3 4 4
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 1 15



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 4 19 4
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 4 4 4
4190 Outlays, net (total) 4 19 4

Under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act and the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act, the Department has the responsibility to meet the same standards for environmental cleanup and regulatory compliance regarding hazardous wastes and hazardous substances as private businesses. With substantial commitments under these Acts, the Hazardous Materials Management account was established as a central fund so that the Department's agencies may be reimbursed for their cleanup efforts. The Department determines what projects to fund by using objective criteria that identify what sites pose the greatest threats to public health and the environment. The 2014 Budget requests $4 million.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–0500–0–1–304 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Direct obligations:
11.1 Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent 1 1 1
25.3 Other goods and services from Federal sources 3 3 3



99.9 Total new obligations 4 4 4

Employment Summary


Identification code 12–0500–0–1–304 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

1001 Direct civilian full-time equivalent employment 6 7 7

Agriculture Buildings and Facilities and Rental Payments

(including transfers of funds)

For payment of space rental and related costs pursuant to Public Law 92–313, including authorities pursuant to the 1984 delegation of authority from the Administrator of General Services to the Department of Agriculture under 40 U.S.C. 486, for programs and activities of the Department which are included in this Act, and for alterations and other actions needed for the Department and its agencies to consolidate unneeded space into configurations suitable for release to the Administrator of General Services, and for the operation, maintenance, improvement, and repair of Agriculture buildings and facilities, and for related costs, $233,095,000, to remain available until expended, of which $178,270,000 shall be available for payments to the General Services Administration for rent and for payments to the Department of Homeland Security for building security activities; and of which $54,825,000 is for buildings operations and maintenance expenses: Provided, That the Secretary may use unobligated prior year balances of an agency or office that are no longer available for new obligation to cover shortfalls incurred in prior year rental payments for such agency or office: Provided further, That the Secretary is authorized to transfer funds from a Departmental agency to this account to recover the full cost of the space and security expenses of that agency that are funded by this account when the actual costs exceed the agency estimate which will be available for the activities and payments described herein.

Note.—A full-year 2013 appropriation for this account was not enacted at the time the budget was prepared; therefore, the budget assumes this account is operating under the Continuing Appropriations Resolution, 2013 (P.L. 112–175). The amounts included for 2013 reflect the annualized level provided by the continuing resolution.

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–0117–0–1–352 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Rental payments to GSA: Non-recurring repairs 168 171 164
0002 Building operations and maintenance 33 50 43
0003 Homeland Security 12 12 12
0004 DHS building security 16 14 14



0799 Total direct obligations 229 247 233
0802 Reimbursable program 5 5 5



0900 Total new obligations 234 252 238

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 11 23 8
1021 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations 9



1050 Unobligated balance (total) 20 23 8
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 230 232 233



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 230 232 233
Spending authority from offsetting collections, discretionary:
1700 Collected 5 5 5
1701 Change in uncollected payments, Federal sources 2



1750 Spending auth from offsetting collections, disc (total) 7 5 5
1900 Budget authority (total) 237 237 238
1930 Total budgetary resources available 257 260 246
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 23 8 8

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 69 39 20
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 234 252 238
3020 Outlays (gross) –255 –271 –238
3040 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, unexpired –9



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 39 20 20
Uncollected payments:
3060 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, brought forward, Oct 1 –6 –8 –8
3070 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired –2



3090 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, end of year –8 –8 –8
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year 63 31 12
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 31 12 12

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 237 237 238
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 218 234 235
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 37 37 3



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 255 271 238
Offsets against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (collected) from:
4030 Federal sources –5 –5 –5
Additional offsets against gross budget authority only:
4050 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired –2



4070 Budget authority, net (discretionary) 230 232 233
4080 Outlays, net (discretionary) 250 266 233
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 230 232 233
4190 Outlays, net (total) 250 266 233

Unfunded deficiencies:
7000 Unfunded deficiency, start of year –6 –8
Change in deficiency during the year:
7012 New budget authority used to liquidate deficiencies –2 8



7020 Unfunded deficiency, end of year –8

This account finances the General Services Administration's fees for rental of space and the Department of Homeland Security's security-related fees. The appropriation covers all fees for all regular appropriated accounts within the Department of Agriculture with the exception of the Forest Service. This account also finances the day to day operations, repair, improvement and maintenance activities of two buildings in the Headquarters complex and the George Washington Carver Center in Beltsville, Md.

Deficiency in Rental Payments


$ Millions 2012 FY2013 FY2014

Deficiency, start of year –6 –8 ........
Unobligated balances applied to deficiency –2 8 ........
Adjusted deficiency –8 ........ ........
Deficiency, end of year –8 ........ ........

The 2014 Budget requests $233 million. This account has a deficiency due to prior year shortfalls in rental payments incurred between 2004 and 2008. USDA successfully reduced the deficiency from $24 million to $6 million in 2011; due to accounting adjustments in 2012, the deficiency at the end of 2012 was -$8 million. USDA anticipates paying off the remainder of the deficiency in 2013.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–0117–0–1–352 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Direct obligations:
11.1 Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent 9 9 9
12.1 Civilian personnel benefits 2 3 3
23.1 Rental payments to GSA 168 171 164
23.3 Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous charges 3 10 10
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 30 21 18
25.3 Other goods and services from Federal sources 16 14 14
25.4 Operation and maintenance of facilities 19 15



99.0 Direct obligations 228 247 233
99.0 Reimbursable obligations 5 5 5
99.5 Below reporting threshold 1



99.9 Total new obligations 234 252 238

Employment Summary


Identification code 12–0117–0–1–352 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

1001 Direct civilian full-time equivalent employment 92 92 92

Office of Communications

Federal Funds

Office of Communications

For necessary expenses of the Office of Communications, $8,137,000.

Note.—A full-year 2013 appropriation for this account was not enacted at the time the budget was prepared; therefore, the budget assumes this account is operating under the Continuing Appropriations Resolution, 2013 (P.L. 112–175). The amounts included for 2013 reflect the annualized level provided by the continuing resolution.

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–0150–0–1–352 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Public affairs 8 8 8

Budgetary Resources:
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 8 8 8



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 8 8 8
1930 Total budgetary resources available 8 8 8

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 1 1 1
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 8 8 8
3020 Outlays (gross) –8 –8 –8



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 1 1 1
Uncollected payments:
3060 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, brought forward, Oct 1 –1 –1 –1



3090 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, end of year –1 –1 –1

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 8 8 8
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 7 8 8
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 1



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 8 8 8
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 8 8 8
4190 Outlays, net (total) 8 8 8

The mission of the Office of Communications (OC) is to provide leadership, expertise, management and coordination to develop and implement successful communication strategies and products that advance the mission of the USDA and priorities of the government, while serving and engaging the public in a fair, equal, transparent and easily accessible manner. OC delivers information about USDA programs and policies in a consistent, timely fashion. The 2014 Budget requests $8 million.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–0150–0–1–352 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Direct obligations:
11.1 Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent 7 7 7
12.1 Civilian personnel benefits 1 1 1



99.9 Total new obligations 8 8 8

Employment Summary


Identification code 12–0150–0–1–352 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

1001 Direct civilian full-time equivalent employment 59 62 62

Office of Inspector General

Federal Funds

Office of Inspector General

For necessary expenses of the Office of Inspector General, including employment pursuant to the Inspector General Act of 1978, $89,902,000, including such sums as may be necessary for contracting and other arrangements with public agencies and private persons pursuant to section 6(a)(9) of the Inspector General Act of 1978, and including not to exceed $125,000 for certain confidential operational expenses, including the payment of informants, to be expended under the direction of the Inspector General pursuant to Public Law 95–452 and section 1337 of Public Law 97–98.

Note.—A full-year 2013 appropriation for this account was not enacted at the time the budget was prepared; therefore, the budget assumes this account is operating under the Continuing Appropriations Resolution, 2013 (P.L. 112–175). The amounts included for 2013 reflect the annualized level provided by the continuing resolution.

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–0900–0–1–352 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Office of the Inspector General 95 86 90
0801 Reimbursable program 5 3 3



0900 Total new obligations 100 89 93

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 12 8 9
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 86 86 90



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 86 86 90
Spending authority from offsetting collections, discretionary:
1700 Collected 5 4 4
1701 Change in uncollected payments, Federal sources 5



1750 Spending auth from offsetting collections, disc (total) 10 4 4
1900 Budget authority (total) 96 90 94
1930 Total budgetary resources available 108 98 103
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 8 9 10

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 12 19 5
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 100 89 93
3011 Obligations incurred, expired accounts 2
3020 Outlays (gross) –92 –103 –94
3041 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, expired –3



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 19 5 4
Uncollected payments:
3060 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, brought forward, Oct 1 –3 –3
3070 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired –5
3071 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, expired 2



3090 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, end of year –3 –3 –3
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year 12 16 2
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 16 2 1

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 96 90 94
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 75 82 86
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 17 21 8



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 92 103 94
Offsets against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (collected) from:
4030 Federal sources –6 –4 –4
Additional offsets against gross budget authority only:
4050 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired –5
4052 Offsetting collections credited to expired accounts 1



4060 Additional offsets against budget authority only (total) –4



4070 Budget authority, net (discretionary) 86 86 90
4080 Outlays, net (discretionary) 86 99 90
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 86 86 90
4190 Outlays, net (total) 86 99 90

The Office of Inspector General provides the Secretary and Congress with information or intelligence about fraud, other serious problems, mismanagement, and deficiencies in Department programs and operations, recommends corrective action, and reports on the progress made in correcting the problems. The Office reviews existing and proposed legislation and regulations and makes recommendations to the Secretary and Congress regarding the impact these laws have on the Department's programs and the prevention and detection of fraud and mismanagement in such programs. The Office provides policy direction and conducts, supervises, and coordinates all audits and investigations. The Office supervises and coordinates other activities in the Department and between the Department and other Federal, State and local government agencies whose purposes are to: (a) promote economy and efficiency; (b) prevent and detect fraud and mismanagement; and (c) identify and prosecute people involved in fraud or mismanagement.

OIG's $90 million request includes $468,000 to support the Council of the Inspector General on Integrity and Efficiency, established under the authority of the Inspector General Reform Act of 2008 to coordinate Federal efforts to improve program delivery.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–0900–0–1–352 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Direct obligations:
11.1 Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent 59 53 54
12.1 Civilian personnel benefits 21 19 19
21.0 Travel and transportation of persons 4 3 3
23.3 Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous charges 2 2 3
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 5 5 6
25.3 Other goods and services from Federal sources 1 2 2
26.0 Supplies and materials 1 1 1
31.0 Equipment 2 1 2



99.0 Direct obligations 95 86 90
99.0 Reimbursable obligations 5 3 3



99.9 Total new obligations 100 89 93

Employment Summary


Identification code 12–0900–0–1–352 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

1001 Direct civilian full-time equivalent employment 558 558 558

Office of the General Counsel

Federal Funds

Office of the General Counsel

For necessary expenses of the Office of the General Counsel, $45,014,000, of which $3,451,000 is for the Office of Ethics.

Note.—A full-year 2013 appropriation for this account was not enacted at the time the budget was prepared; therefore, the budget assumes this account is operating under the Continuing Appropriations Resolution, 2013 (P.L. 112–175). The amounts included for 2013 reflect the annualized level provided by the continuing resolution.

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–2300–0–1–352 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Office of the General Counsel 39 40 45
0801 Reimbursable program activity 5 4 4



0900 Total new obligations 44 44 49

Budgetary Resources:
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 39 40 45



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 39 40 45
Spending authority from offsetting collections, discretionary:
1700 Collected 4 4 4
1701 Change in uncollected payments, Federal sources 1



1750 Spending auth from offsetting collections, disc (total) 5 4 4
1900 Budget authority (total) 44 44 49
1930 Total budgetary resources available 44 44 49

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 5 4 4
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 44 44 49
3020 Outlays (gross) –45 –44 –49



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 4 4 4
Uncollected payments:
3060 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, brought forward, Oct 1 –3 –3 –3
3070 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired –1
3071 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, expired 1



3090 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, end of year –3 –3 –3
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year 2 1 1
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 1 1 1

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 44 44 49
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 40 42 47
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 5 2 2



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 45 44 49
Offsets against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (collected) from:
4030 Federal sources –5 –4 –4
Additional offsets against gross budget authority only:
4050 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired –1
4052 Offsetting collections credited to expired accounts 1



4070 Budget authority, net (discretionary) 39 40 45
4080 Outlays, net (discretionary) 40 40 45
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 39 40 45
4190 Outlays, net (total) 40 40 45

The Office of the General Counsel of the Department of Agriculture provides all legal advice, counsel, and services to the Secretary and to all agencies, offices, and corporations of the Department on all aspects of their operations. It represents the Department in administrative proceedings; non-litigation debt collection proceedings; State water rights adjudications; proceedings before the Civilian Board of Contract Appeal, the Merit System Protection Board, the Equal Employment Opportunity Commision, the USDA Office of Administrative Law Judges, and other Federal agencies; and, in conjunction with the Department of Justice, in judicial proceedings and litigation in the Federal and State courts. All attorneys and related support personnel devoted to those efforts are under the supervision of the General Counsel. The 2014 Budget requests $41.5 million, including an increase of $2 million for 10 FTEs to handle an increased workload, to support current staff, and for computerized legal research.

The Office of Ethics provides ethics advice, counsel and training to all USDA officials and employees, and conducts annual financial disclosure reviews. The work of the Office of Ethics promotes employee compliance with Federal conflict of interest laws and regulations. The 2014 Budget requests $3.4 million and 29 FTEs, and is shown in this account beginning in 2014.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–2300–0–1–352 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Direct obligations:
11.1 Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent 28 29 33
12.1 Civilian personnel benefits 8 8 9
23.3 Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous charges 1 1 1
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 1 1 1
26.0 Supplies and materials 1 1 1



99.0 Direct obligations 39 40 45
99.0 Reimbursable obligations 5 4 4



99.9 Total new obligations 44 44 49

Employment Summary


Identification code 12–2300–0–1–352 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

1001 Direct civilian full-time equivalent employment 253 245 282
2001 Reimbursable civilian full-time equivalent employment 28 26 28

Economic Research Service

Federal Funds

Economic Research Service

For necessary expenses of the Economic Research Service, $78,506,000.

Note.—A full-year 2013 appropriation for this account was not enacted at the time the budget was prepared; therefore, the budget assumes this account is operating under the Continuing Appropriations Resolution, 2013 (P.L. 112–175). The amounts included for 2013 reflect the annualized level provided by the continuing resolution.

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–1701–0–1–352 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Economic Research Service 77 78 79
0801 Reimbursable program activity 2 1 1



0900 Total new obligations 79 79 80

Budgetary Resources:
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 78 78 79



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 78 78 79
Spending authority from offsetting collections, discretionary:
1700 Collected 1 1
1701 Change in uncollected payments, Federal sources 2



1750 Spending auth from offsetting collections, disc (total) 2 1 1
1900 Budget authority (total) 80 79 80
1930 Total budgetary resources available 80 79 80
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1940 Unobligated balance expiring –1

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 40 37 33
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 79 79 80
3011 Obligations incurred, expired accounts 5
3020 Outlays (gross) –82 –83 –89
3041 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, expired –5



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 37 33 24
Uncollected payments:
3060 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, brought forward, Oct 1 –6 –6 –6
3070 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired –2
3071 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, expired 2



3090 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, end of year –6 –6 –6
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year 34 31 27
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 31 27 18

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 80 79 80
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 61 64 64
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 21 19 25



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 82 83 89
Offsets against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (collected) from:
4030 Federal sources –2 –1 –1
Additional offsets against gross budget authority only:
4050 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired –2
4052 Offsetting collections credited to expired accounts 2



4070 Budget authority, net (discretionary) 78 78 79
4080 Outlays, net (discretionary) 80 82 88
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 78 78 79
4190 Outlays, net (total) 80 82 88

The Economic Research Service provides economic and other social science research and analysis to inform public and private decision-making on food, agriculture, natural resources, and rural America. The Agency's mission is to anticipate issues that are on the horizon, and to conduct sound, peer-reviewed economic research. ERS is also the primary source of statistical indicators that, among other things, gauge the health of the farm sector (including farm income estimates and projections), assess the current and expected performance of the agricultural sector (including trade), and provide measures of food security here and abroad. Most of the Agency's research is conducted by a highly trained staff of economists and social scientists through an intramural program of research, market outlook, and analysis.

Five principles characterize ERS' core program: (1) Research that builds on unique or confidential data sources at the Federal level and is inherent in the role of a Federal Statistical Agency, including the Agricultural Resource Management Survey (ARMS) and associated farm and farm household finance estimates, consumer data and related research on food consumption, and development of USDA's commodity market outlook; (2) Research that provides coordination for a national perspective or framework, setting a single standard; (3) Research that requires a sustained investment and large teams; (4) Research that directly services the U.S. Government or USDA's long-term national goals such as the cost to the economy of sickness and premature death due to foodborne illnesses for FSIS, rural definition analysis for Rural development, and conservation program options for FSA and NCRS; and (5) Research that addresses questions with short-run payoff or has immediate policy implications.

ERS draws on the expertise of external collaborators through grants and cooperative research agreements for issues that require expertise beyond the scope of the current program or that require knowledge of state or regional issues. The 2014 budget request of $78,506,000 continues to fund ERS core program of research, data analysis, and market outlook, and in addition, supports a new program enhancement, Research Innovations for Improving Policy Effectiveness, which will strengthen ERS' ability to conduct research through two innovative strategies—the use of behavioral economics and the statistical use of administrative data—to address critical information gaps that hinder policy effectiveness. Results of the initiative will provide science-based evidence that informs decision making by policy makers and program managers in the USDA, across Federal and State Governments, and in the Congress. In addition, ERS proposes an initiative for 2014 that will fund enhancements of its general information technology support through the redirection of IT funding. Additional funds received from other Governmental agencies may also be available for support of economic research and analysis.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–1701–0–1–352 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation:
11.1 Full-time permanent 38 38 39
11.3 Other than full-time permanent 1 1 1
11.5 Other personnel compensation 1 1 1



11.9 Total personnel compensation 40 40 41
12.1 Civilian personnel benefits 10 10 10
21.0 Travel and transportation of persons 1 1 1
23.3 Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous charges 1 1 1
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 4 4 4
25.3 Other goods and services from Federal sources 14 15 15
25.5 Research and development contracts 5 5 5
26.0 Supplies and materials 1 1 1
41.0 Grants, subsidies, and contributions 1 1 1



99.0 Direct obligations 77 78 79
99.0 Reimbursable obligations 2 1 1



99.9 Total new obligations 79 79 80

Employment Summary


Identification code 12–1701–0–1–352 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

1001 Direct civilian full-time equivalent employment 374 385 385
2001 Reimbursable civilian full-time equivalent employment 1 1 1

National Agricultural Statistics Service

Federal Funds

National Agricultural Statistics Service

For necessary expenses of the National Agricultural Statistics Service, $159,601,000, of which up to $42,295,000 shall be available until expended for the Census of Agriculture.

Note.—A full-year 2013 appropriation for this account was not enacted at the time the budget was prepared; therefore, the budget assumes this account is operating under the Continuing Appropriations Resolution, 2013 (P.L. 112–175). The amounts included for 2013 reflect the annualized level provided by the continuing resolution.

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–1801–0–1–352 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Agricultural estimates 110 111 111
0002 Statistical research and service 7 7 7
0003 Census of agriculture 52 42 42



0799 Total direct obligations 169 160 160
0801 Reimbursable program 27 22 22



0900 Total new obligations 196 182 182

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1021 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations 11



1050 Unobligated balance (total) 11
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 159 160 160
1120 Appropriations transferred to other accts [12–1801] –42 –42 –42
1121 Appropriations transferred from other accts [12–1801] 42 42 42



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 159 160 160
Spending authority from offsetting collections, discretionary:
1700 Collected 21 22 22
1701 Change in uncollected payments, Federal sources 5



1750 Spending auth from offsetting collections, disc (total) 26 22 22
1900 Budget authority (total) 185 182 182
1930 Total budgetary resources available 196 182 182

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 44 42 39
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 196 182 182
3011 Obligations incurred, expired accounts 13
3020 Outlays (gross) –196 –185 –198
3040 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, unexpired –11
3041 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, expired –4



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 42 39 23
Uncollected payments:
3060 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, brought forward, Oct 1 –7 –6 –6
3070 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired –5
3071 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, expired 6



3090 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, end of year –6 –6 –6
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year 37 36 33
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 36 33 17

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 185 182 182
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 124 164 164
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 72 21 34



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 196 185 198
Offsets against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (collected) from:
4030 Federal sources –38 –20 –20
4033 Non-Federal sources 6 –2 –2



4040 Offsets against gross budget authority and outlays (total) –32 –22 –22
Additional offsets against gross budget authority only:
4050 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired –5
4052 Offsetting collections credited to expired accounts 11



4060 Additional offsets against budget authority only (total) 6



4070 Budget authority, net (discretionary) 159 160 160
4080 Outlays, net (discretionary) 164 163 176
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 159 160 160
4190 Outlays, net (total) 164 163 176

The National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) provides the official National and State estimates of acreage, yield, and production of crops, stocks, value and expenditures associated with farm commodities, and inventory, values, and expenditures of livestock items. Data on approximately 120 crops and 45 livestock products are covered in over 400 reports issued each year. In addition, the Census of Agriculture, which is conducted every five years for years ending in 2 and 7, takes a snapshot of America's agriculture and provides comprehensive data on the Nation's agricultural industry down to the county level. NASS' responsibilities are authorized under the Agricultural Marketing Act of 1946 (7 U.S.C 1621–1627) and the Census of Agriculture Act of 1997, Public Law 105–113 (7 U.S.C. 2204g).

Agricultural Estimates.—According to the USDA Chief Economist the Agricultural Estimates program is vital to for producers, agricultural commodity markets in the U.S. and the world, policy makers in government, and people involved in making planning, investment, price discovery mechanisms, and marketing decisions. Billions of dollars could be put at risk without these essential Agricultural Estimates statistical reports. The work under this activity is conducted through 46 field offices serving the 50 States and Puerto Rico; most of these offices are operated as joint State and Federal services. Cooperative arrangements with State agencies provide additional State and county data. In order to support Administration priorities and improve efficiency, NASS has carefully completed a comprehensive review of existing programs to determine which programs are most critical to serving agency goals, with evaluations based on the following priorities: 1) Principal Economic Indicator data; 2) data which directly impact commodity markets; 3) data necessary to implement the USDA programs which provide payments to farmers and are used to administer the farm safety net for producers; and 4) data for which there are no other publicly available sources of information. In 2012 NASS achieved several accomplishments: 1) conducted a survey of hogs for USDA's Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service's National Animal Health Monitoring System; 2) centralized processing of the Objective Yield samples at the National Operations Center; 3) developed several vegetation indexes to improve crop growth models to determine crop stages; 4) obtained system code for Computer Audio Recorded Interview system from the U. S. Census Bureau and started testing to improve the quality of data collection; and 5) completed its third 48 state Cropland Data Layer for the 2011 reference year with high resolution and improved accuracy of the classifications and the precision of the acreage estimates generated.

Census of Agriculture.—The Census of Agriculture provides the only source of comparable and consistent detailed data about agriculture down to the county level. The Census of Agriculture is critical because it provides comprehensive data on the agriculture economy, land use, production expenses, value of land and buildings, farm size and characteristics of farm operators, market value of agricultural production sold, acreage of major crops, inventory of livestock and poultry, and farm irrigation practices. The Census of Agriculture helps to measure trends and new developments in the agricultural sector of our Nation's economy. In 2012 NASS achieved several accomplishments: 1) finalized the mail list for the 2012 Census of Agriculture; 2) completed the online reporting system through exhaustive testing to improve data quality and reduce respondent burden; 3) finished the forms design process for the preparation of mail packets; 4) enhanced critical programming and tested to automate and streamline the correction of omitted and erroneous data in order to minimize analyst intervention; and 5) continued a vigorous marketing campaign to encourage producers to be represented in the 2012 Census of Agriculture. The 2014 Budget request is for a level to reflect the expected activity related to completing and releasing the results of the 2012 Census of Agriculture and conducting scheduled Follow-on surveys.

The 2014 request of $159,601,000 for NASS includes $42.3 million for the Census of Agriculture. NASS will do two much needed Follow-on surveys: 1) the Farm and Ranch Irrigation Survey, and 2) the Census of Aquaculture. At the request of the USDA Chief Economist, NASS will start producing four of the Current Industrial Reports (CIR) formerly compiled by the U.S. Census Bureau. The CIRs include: 1) Oilseeds, Beans, & Nuts; 2) Fats and Oils (Production, Consumption, & Stocks); 3) Cotton, Manmade Fiber Staple, & Raw Linters (Consumption, & Stocks, & Spindle Activity); and 4) Flour Milling Products. Funding for Agricultural Estimates will continue at the 2012 base level of about $117 million. NASS continues to review its programs to improve efficiency.

Miscellaneous funds received from local organizations, commodity groups, and others are available for dissemination of reports and for survey work conducted under cooperative agreements (7 U.S.C. 450b, 450h, 3318b). NASS also provides technical consultation, support, and assistance for international programs under participating agency service agreements.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–1801–0–1–352 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation:
11.1 Full-time permanent 65 76 71
11.3 Other than full-time permanent 1 1 1
11.5 Other personnel compensation 1 1 1



11.9 Total personnel compensation 67 78 73
12.1 Civilian personnel benefits 23 27 25
21.0 Travel and transportation of persons 7 5 5
22.0 Transportation of things 2 3 2
23.3 Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous charges 8 8 8
24.0 Printing and reproduction 1 1 1
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 26 20 28
25.3 Other goods and services from Federal sources 24 14 14
25.7 Operation and maintenance of equipment 6 1 1
26.0 Supplies and materials 1 1 1
31.0 Equipment 4 2 2



99.0 Direct obligations 169 160 160
99.0 Reimbursable obligations 27 22 22



99.9 Total new obligations 196 182 182

Employment Summary


Identification code 12–1801–0–1–352 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

1001 Direct civilian full-time equivalent employment 946 1,104 1,084
2001 Reimbursable civilian full-time equivalent employment 106 106 106

Agricultural Research Service

Federal Funds

salaries and expenses

For necessary expenses of the Agricultural Research Service and for acquisition of lands by donation, exchange, or purchase at a nominal cost not to exceed $100, and for land exchanges where the lands exchanged shall be of equal value or shall be equalized by a payment of money to the grantor which shall not exceed 25 percent of the total value of the land or interests transferred out of Federal ownership, $1,124,003,000: Provided, That appropriations hereunder shall be available for the operation and maintenance of aircraft and the purchase of not to exceed one for replacement only: Provided further, That appropriations hereunder shall be available pursuant to 7 U.S.C. 2250 for the construction, alteration, and repair of buildings and improvements, but unless otherwise provided, the cost of constructing any one building shall not exceed $375,000, except for headhouses or greenhouses which shall each be limited to $1,200,000, and except for 10 buildings to be constructed or improved at a cost not to exceed $750,000 each, and the cost of altering any one building during the fiscal year shall not exceed 10 percent of the current replacement value of the building or $375,000, whichever is greater: Provided further, That the limitations on alterations contained in this Act shall not apply to modernization or replacement of existing facilities at Beltsville, Maryland: Provided further, That appropriations hereunder shall be available for granting easements at the Beltsville Agricultural Research Center: Provided further, That the foregoing limitations shall not apply to replacement of buildings needed to carry out the Act of April 24, 1948 (21 U.S.C. 113a): Provided further, That funds may be received from any State, other political subdivision, organization, or individual for the purpose of establishing or operating any research facility or research project of the Agricultural Research Service, as authorized by law.

Note.—A full-year 2013 appropriation for this account was not enacted at the time the budget was prepared; therefore, the budget assumes this account is operating under the Continuing Appropriations Resolution, 2013 (P.L. 112–175). The amounts included for 2013 reflect the annualized level provided by the continuing resolution.

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–1400–0–1–352 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Product quality/value added 100 101 85
0002 Livestock production 76 77 73
0003 Crop production 228 230 229
0004 Food safety 96 97 109
0005 Livestock protection 59 60 63
0006 Crop protection 184 186 171
0007 Human nutrition research 85 86 96
0008 Environmental stewardship 188 190 219
0009 National Agricultural Library 21 21 26
0010 Repair and maintenance of facilities 17 17 17
0012 Homeland security 36 36 36
0014 Miscellaneous Fees/Supplementals 9



0799 Total direct obligations 1,090 1,110 1,124
0881 Reimbursable program activity 141 141 141



0889 Reimbursable program activities, subtotal 141 141 141



0900 Total new obligations 1,231 1,251 1,265

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 7 10 4
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 1,095 1,101 1,124



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 1,095 1,101 1,124
Spending authority from offsetting collections, discretionary:
1700 Collected 31 144 144
1701 Change in uncollected payments, Federal sources 113



1750 Spending auth from offsetting collections, disc (total) 144 144 144
1900 Budget authority (total) 1,239 1,245 1,268
1930 Total budgetary resources available 1,246 1,255 1,272
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1940 Unobligated balance expiring –5
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 10 4 7

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 406 420 364
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 1,231 1,251 1,265
3011 Obligations incurred, expired accounts 22
3020 Outlays (gross) –1,212 –1,307 –1,294
3041 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, expired –27



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 420 364 335
Uncollected payments:
3060 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, brought forward, Oct 1 –154 –180 –180
3070 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired –113
3071 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, expired 87



3090 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, end of year –180 –180 –180
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year 252 240 184
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 240 184 155

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 1,239 1,245 1,268
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 938 939 957
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 274 368 337



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 1,212 1,307 1,294
Offsets against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (collected) from:
4030 Federal sources –82 –86 –86
4033 Non-Federal sources –35 –58 –58



4040 Offsets against gross budget authority and outlays (total) –117 –144 –144
Additional offsets against gross budget authority only:
4050 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired –113
4052 Offsetting collections credited to expired accounts 86



4060 Additional offsets against budget authority only (total) –27



4070 Budget authority, net (discretionary) 1,095 1,101 1,124
4080 Outlays, net (discretionary) 1,095 1,163 1,150
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 1,095 1,101 1,124
4190 Outlays, net (total) 1,095 1,163 1,150

The Agricultural Research Service (ARS) is the principal in-house research agency of the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA). ARS conducts scientific research to develop and transfer solutions to agricultural problems of high national priority and to provide information access and dissemination to: ensure high-quality, safe food, and other agricultural products; assess the nutritional needs of Americans; sustain a competitive agricultural economy; enhance the natural resource base and the environment; and provide economic opportunities for rural citizens, communities, and society as a whole. This mission is carried out through ARS' major research program areas and other activities listed below (in italics).

The major research programs in ARS address and support the Department's priorities and are: New Products/Product Quality/Value Added; Environmental Stewardship; Livestock/Crop Production; Livestock/Crop Protection; Food Safety; and Human Nutrition.

The 2014 Salaries and Expenses budget for ARS requests $1,124 million, which includes increases for new and expanded research initiatives in environmental stewardship; animal/crop breeding and protection; food safety; child and human nutrition; priority initiatives in the earth sciences area including, sustainable agriculture, climate change, and bioenergy; and the National Agricultural Library, as well as salary increases. ARS will finance these new and expanded initiatives almost entirely through the redirection of $125.2 million in existing lines of research including the consolidation or closure of some research locations. The proposed reductions will provide necessary funding for the critical research priorities proposed by the agency for 2014.

New Products/Product Quality/Value Added._ARS has active research programs directed toward 1) improving the efficiency and reducing the cost for the conversion of agricultural products into biobased products and biofuels, 2) developing new and improved products for domestic and foreign markets, and 3) providing higher quality, healthy foods that satisfy consumer needs in the United States and abroad.
Environmental Stewardship—ARS research programs in environmental stewardship span the areas of water availability and watershed management; climate change, soil, and emissions; agricultural and industrial byproducts; agricultural system competitiveness and sustainability; and pasture, forage, and rangeland systems. Emphasis is given to developing technologies and systems that support profitable production and enhance the Nation's vast renewable natural resource base. ARS is currently developing the scientific knowledge and technologies needed to meet the challenges and opportunities facing U.S. agriculture in managing water resource quality and quantity under different climatic regimes, production systems, and environmental conditions. ARS research programs also focus on developing measurement, prediction, and control technologies for emissions of greenhouse gases, particulate matter, ammonia, hydrogen sulfide, and volatile organic compounds affecting air quality and land surface climate interactions. The agency is a leader in developing measurement and modeling techniques for characterizing gaseous and particulate matter emissions from agriculture. In addition, ARS is evaluating strategies for enhancing the health and productivity of soils, including developing predictive tools to assess the sustainability of alternative land management practices. Finding mechanisms to aid agriculture in adapting to changes in atmospheric composition and climatic variations is also an important component of ARS research. ARS range and grazing land research includes the conservation and restoration of the Nation's range land and pasture ecosystems and agroecosystems through improved management of fire, invasive weeds, grazing, global change, and other agents of ecological change. The agency is currently developing improved grass and forage legume germplasm for livestock, conservation, bioenergy, and bioproduct systems as well as grazing-based livestock systems that reduce risk and increase profitability. In addition, ARS is developing whole system management strategies to reduce production costs and risks.

Livestock Production._ARS' livestock production program is directed toward fostering an abundant, safe, nutritionally wholesome, and competitively priced supply of animal products produced in a viable, competitive, and sustainable animal agriculture sector of the economy by: 1) safeguarding and utilizing animal genetic resources, associated genetic and genomic databases, and bioinformatic tools; 2) developing a basic understanding of food animal physiology for food animal industry issues related to animal production, animal well-being, and product quality and healthfulness; and 3) developing information, best management practices, novel and innovative tools, and technologies that improve animal production systems, enhance human health, and ensure domestic food security.

Crop Production._ARS' crop production program focuses on developing and improving ways to reduce crop losses while protecting and ensuring a safe and affordable food supply. The research program concentrates on effective production strategies that are environmentally friendly, safe to consumers, and compatible with sustainable and profitable crop production systems. Research activities are directed at safeguarding and utilizing plant genetic resources and their associated genetic, genomic, and bioinformatic databases that facilitate selection of varieties and/or germplasm with significantly improved traits. Current research activities minimize the impacts of crop pests while maintaining healthy crops and safe commodities that can be sold in markets throughout the world. ARS is conducting research to discover and exploit naturally occurring and engineered genetic mechanisms for plant pest control, develop agronomic germplasm with durable defensive traits, and transfer genetic resources for commercial use. ARS provides taxonomic information on invasive species that strengthens prevention techniques, aids in detection/identification of invasive pests, and increases control through management tactics that restore habitats and biological diversity.

Livestock Protection._ARS' research on livestock protection is directed at protecting and ensuring the safety of the Nation's agriculture and food supply through improved disease detection, prevention, control, and treatment. Basic and applied research approaches are used to solve animal health problems of high national priority. Emphasis is given to methods and procedures to control animal diseases through the discovery and development of diagnostics, vaccines, biotherapeutics, animal genomics applications, disease management systems, animal disease models, and farm biosecurity measures. The research program has ten strategic objectives: 1) establish ARS laboratories into a fluid, highly effective research network to maximize use of core competencies and resources; 2) ensure access to specialized high containment facilities to study zoonotic and emerging diseases; 3) develop an integrated animal and microbial genomics research program; 4) establish core competencies in bovine, swine, ovine, and avian immunology; 5) launch a biotherapeutic discovery program providing alternatives to animal drugs; 6) build a technology-driven vaccine and diagnostic discovery research program; 7) develop core competencies in field epidemiology and predictive biology; 8) develop internationally recognized expert collaborative research laboratories; 9) establish a best-in-class training center for our Nation's veterinarians and scientists; and 10) develop a model technology transfer program to achieve the full impact of ARS research discoveries.

Crop Protection._ARS' research on crop protection is directed toward epidemiological investigations to understand pest and disease transmission mechanisms, and to identify and apply new technologies that increase understanding of virulence factors and host defense mechanisms. Currently, ARS research priorities include: 1) identification of genes that convey virulence traits in pathogens and pests; 2) factors that modulate infectivity, gene functions, and mechanisms; 3) genetic profiles that provide specified levels of disease and insect resistance under field conditions; and 4) mechanisms that facilitate the spread of pests and infectious diseases. ARS is developing new knowledge and integrated pest management approaches to control pest and disease outbreaks as they occur. Its research will improve the knowledge and understanding of the ecology, physiology, epidemiology, and molecular biology of emerging diseases and pests. This knowledge will be incorporated into pest risk assessments and management strategies to minimize chemical inputs and increase production. Strategies and approaches will be available to producers to control emerging crop diseases and pest outbreaks.

Food Safety._Assuring that the United States has the highest levels of affordable, safe food requires that the food system be protected at each stage from production through processing and consumption from pathogens, toxins, and chemical contaminants that cause diseases in humans. The U.S. food supply is very diverse, extensive, easily accessible, and thus vulnerable to the introduction of biological and chemical contaminants through natural processes, intentional means, or by global commerce. ARS' current food safety research is designed to yield science-based knowledge on the safe production, storage, processing, and handling of plant and animal products, and on the detection and control of toxin producing and/or pathogenic bacteria and fungi, parasites, chemical contaminants, and plant toxins. All of ARS' research activities involve a high degree of cooperation and collaboration with USDA's Research, Education, and Economics agencies, as well as with FSIS, APHIS, FDA, CDC, DHS, and the EPA. ARS also collaborates on international research programs to address and resolve global food safety issues. Specific research efforts are directed toward developing new technologies that assist ARS stakeholders and customers, that is, regulatory agencies, industry, and commodity and consumer organizations, in detecting, identifying, and controlling foodborne diseases that affect human health.

Human Nutrition._Maintenance of health throughout life along with prevention of obesity and chronic diseases via food-based recommendations are the major emphases of ARS human nutrition research program. These health-related goals are based on the knowledge that deficiency diseases are no longer important public health concerns. Excessive consumption has become the primary nutrition problem in the American population. This is reflected by increased emphasis on prevention of obesity from basic science through intervention studies to assessments of large populations. ARS' research program also actively studies bioactive components of foods that have no known requirement but have health promoting activities. Four specific areas of research are currently emphasized: 1) nutrition monitoring and the food supply, e.g., a national diet survey and the food composition databank; 2) dietary guidance f'or health promotion and disease prevention, i.e., specific foods, nutrients, and dietary patterns that maintain health and prevent disease; 3) prevention of obesity and related diseases, including research as to why so few of the population follow the Dietary Guidelines for Americans; and 4) life stage nutrition and metabolism, in order to better define the role of nutrition in pregnancy and growth of children, and for healthier aging.

Library and Information Services (NAL)._The National Agricultural Library (NAL) is the largest and most accessible agricultural research library in the world. It provides services directly to the staff of USDA and to the public, primarily via the NAL web site, http://www.nal.usda.gov. NAL was created with the USDA in 1862 and was named in 1962 a national library by Congress, as the primary agricultural information resource of the United States. NAL is the premier library for collecting, managing, and disseminating agricultural knowledge. The Library is the repository of our Nation's agricultural heritage, the provider of world class information, and the wellspring for generating new fundamental knowledge and advancing scientific discovery. It is a priceless national resource that, through its services, programs, information products, and web-based tools and technologies, serves anyone who needs agricultural information. The Library's vision is "advancing access to global information for agriculture."

Repair and Maintenance of Facilities._Funds are used to restore, upgrade, and maintain ARS' facilities to meet Occupational Safety and Health Administration and EPA requirements, provide suitable workspace for in-house research programs, and to retrofit existing structures for better energy utilization.

Reimbursements._ARS performs research activities and services for other USDA, Federal, and non-Federal agencies. These activities and services are paid for on a reimbursable basis.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–1400–0–1–352 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation:
11.1 Full-time permanent 503 505 511
11.3 Other than full-time permanent 10 10 10
11.5 Other personnel compensation 13 14 14



11.9 Total personnel compensation 526 529 535
12.1 Civilian personnel benefits 175 176 178
21.0 Travel and transportation of persons 12 13 13
22.0 Transportation of things 1 1 1
23.2 Rental payments to others 1 1 1
23.3 Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous charges 41 42 41
24.0 Printing and reproduction 1 1 1
25.1 Advisory and assistance services 1 1 1
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 6 11 8
25.4 Operation and maintenance of facilities 33 34 33
25.5 Research and development contracts 147 152 153
25.7 Operation and maintenance of equipment 15 13 16
26.0 Supplies and materials 82 87 86
31.0 Equipment 36 36 45
32.0 Land and structures 3 3 3
41.0 Grants, subsidies, and contributions 10 10 9



99.0 Direct obligations 1,090 1,110 1,124
99.0 Reimbursable obligations 141 141 141



99.9 Total new obligations 1,231 1,251 1,265

Employment Summary


Identification code 12–1400–0–1–352 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

1001 Direct civilian full-time equivalent employment 6,986 6,986 6,986
2001 Reimbursable civilian full-time equivalent employment 502 502 502

Buildings and Facilities

For acquisition of land, construction, repair, improvement, extension, alteration, and purchase of fixed equipment or facilities as necessary to carry out the agricultural research programs of the Department of Agriculture, where not otherwise provided, $155,000,000 to remain available until expended.

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–1401–0–1–352 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Building and facilities projects 5 5 32

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 10 5
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 155



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 155
1930 Total budgetary resources available 10 5 155
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 5 123

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 82 30 14
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 5 5 32
3011 Obligations incurred, expired accounts 1
3020 Outlays (gross) –58 –21 –18



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 30 14 28
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year 82 30 14
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 30 14 28

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 155
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 8
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 58 21 10



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 58 21 18
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 155
4190 Outlays, net (total) 58 21 18

This account provides funds for the acquisition of land, construction, repair, improvement, extension, alterations, and purchases of fixed equipment or facilities of or used by the Agricultural Research Service. The 2014 Budget request includes $155 million to fully fund the planning, design, and construction of a new consolidated poultry research facility at the Southeast Poultry Research Laboratory in Athens, Georgia, and would address highly virulent poultry diseases that require increased biocontainment capabilities and state-of-the-art facilities.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–1401–0–1–352 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Direct obligations:
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 10
25.4 Operation and maintenance of facilities 4 5 22
32.0 Land and structures 1



99.9 Total new obligations 5 5 32

Trust Funds

Miscellaneous Contributed Funds

Special and Trust Fund Receipts (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–8214–0–7–352 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

0100 Balance, start of year
Receipts:
0220 Deposits of Miscellaneous Contributed Funds, Science and Education Administration 30 30 24



0400 Total: Balances and collections 30 30 24
Appropriations:
0500 Miscellaneous Contributed Funds –30 –30 –24



0799 Balance, end of year

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–8214–0–7–352 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Miscellaneous contributed funds 24 24 24

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 21 28 34
1021 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations 1



1050 Unobligated balance (total) 22 28 34
Budget authority:
Appropriations, mandatory:
1201 Appropriation (special or trust fund) 30 30 24



1260 Appropriations, mandatory (total) 30 30 24
1930 Total budgetary resources available 52 58 58
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 28 34 34

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 7 7 3
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 24 24 24
3020 Outlays (gross) –23 –28 –26
3040 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, unexpired –1



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 7 3 1
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year 7 7 3
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 7 3 1

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Mandatory:
4090 Budget authority, gross 30 30 24
Outlays, gross:
4100 Outlays from new mandatory authority 21 17
4101 Outlays from mandatory balances 23 7 9



4110 Outlays, gross (total) 23 28 26
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 30 30 24
4190 Outlays, net (total) 23 28 26

Miscellaneous contributed funds received from States, local organizations, individuals, and others are available for work under cooperative agreements on research activities.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–8214–0–7–352 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation:
11.1 Full-time permanent 5 5 5
11.3 Other than full-time permanent 1 1 1
11.5 Other personnel compensation 1 1 1



11.9 Total personnel compensation 7 7 7
12.1 Civilian personnel benefits 2 2 2
21.0 Travel and transportation of persons 1 1 1
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 2 2 2
25.5 Research and development contracts 6 6 6
26.0 Supplies and materials 3 3 3
31.0 Equipment 1 1 1
41.0 Grants, subsidies, and contributions 2 2 2



99.9 Total new obligations 24 24 24

Employment Summary


Identification code 12–8214–0–7–352 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

1001 Direct civilian full-time equivalent employment 108 108 108

National Institute of Food and Agriculture

Federal Funds

Integrated Activities

For the integrated research, education, and extension grants programs, including necessary administrative expenses, $28,129,000, as follows: for competitive grants programs authorized under section 406 of the Agricultural Research, Extension, and Education Reform Act of 1998 (7 U.S.C. 7626), $21,143,000, including $4,000,000 for the organic transition program and $17,143,000 for crop protection; $998,000 for the regional rural development centers program; and $5,988,000 for the Food and Agriculture Defense Initiative authorized under section 1484 of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977, to remain available until September 30, 2015.

Note.—A full-year 2013 appropriation for this account was not enacted at the time the budget was prepared; therefore, the budget assumes this account is operating under the Continuing Appropriations Resolution, 2013 (P.L. 112–175). The amounts included for 2013 reflect the annualized level provided by the continuing resolution.

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–1502–0–1–352 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0010 Organic research and extension init. 20
0020 Water quality 5 5
0040 Regional pest management centers 4 4
0050 Crop Protection 17
0070 Methyl bromide transition program 2 2
0071 Homeland Security 6 6 6
0085 Specialty Crop Research Initiative 50
0087 Regional Rural development centers 1 1 1
0088 Organic transition 4 4 4



0900 Total new obligations 92 22 28

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1021 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations 1



1050 Unobligated balance (total) 1
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 21 22 28



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 21 22 28
Appropriations, mandatory:
1221 Appropriations transferred from other accts [12–4336] 70



1260 Appropriations, mandatory (total) 70
1900 Budget authority (total) 91 22 28
1930 Total budgetary resources available 92 22 28

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 267 280 178
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 92 22 28
3011 Obligations incurred, expired accounts 68
3020 Outlays (gross) –100 –124 –96
3040 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, unexpired –1
3041 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, expired –46



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 280 178 110
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year 267 280 178
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 280 178 110

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 21 22 28
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 1 4 4
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 39 54 61



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 40 58 65
Mandatory:
4090 Budget authority, gross 70
Outlays, gross:
4100 Outlays from new mandatory authority 3
4101 Outlays from mandatory balances 57 66 31



4110 Outlays, gross (total) 60 66 31
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 91 22 28
4190 Outlays, net (total) 100 124 96

Under the Integrated Activities account, research, education and/or extension grants are awarded for competitive and non-competitive programs.

Organic Transition Program._This program supports the development and implementation of biologically based pest management practices that mitigate the ecological, agronomic, and economic risks associated with the transition from conventional to organic agricultural production systems. The 2014 Budget includes $4.0 million, which is the same as the 2012 enacted level.

Crop Protection/Pest Management Program._This program supports projects that respond to pest management challenges with coordinated region-wide and national research, education, and extension programs, and serves as a catalyst for promoting further development and use of integrated pest management approaches. The program also fosters regional and national team building efforts, communication networks, and enhanced stakeholder participation. The 2014 Budget includes $17.1 million, which reflects combined pest management funding transferred from Research and Education and Extension Activities.

Regional rural development centers._Funding supports activities that pursue a holistic development strategy that tailors programming to meet regional and local needs and addresses areas of opportunity arising from a consumer-driven agricultural economy. The 2014 Budget includes $1.0 million, which is the same as the 2012 enacted level.

Food and agriculture defense initiative (homeland security)._The program provides support and enhancement of nationally-coordinated plant and animal disease diagnostic networks and supports activities to identify and respond to high risk biological pathogens in the food and agricultural system. The 2014 Budget includes 6.0 million. Additional funding for these laboratories is included in the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service.

Organic Agriculture Research and Extension Initiative._This mandatory program, authorized by section 7206 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (FCEA), 2008 Farm Bill, supports research and extension programs that enhance the ability of producers and processors who have already adopted organic standards to grow and market high quality organic agricultural products. Mandatory funding for the program expired at the end of September 2012.

Specialty Crop Research Initiative._This mandatory program, authorized by section 7311 of the FCEA, 2008 Farm Bill, provides funding to solve critical industry issues through research and extension activities that focus on research in plant breeding, genetics, and genomics to improve crop characteristics; efforts to identify and address threats from pests and diseases, including threats to specialty crop pollinators; efforts to improve production efficiency, productivity, and profitability over the long term; new innovations and technology, including improved mechanization and technologies that delay or inhibit ripening; and methods to prevent, detect, monitor, control, and respond to potential food safety hazards in the production and processing of specialty crops. Mandatory funding for the program expired at the end of September 2012.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–1502–0–1–352 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Direct obligations:
11.1 Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent 2 2 1
41.0 Grants, subsidies, and contributions 90 20 27



99.9 Total new obligations 92 22 28

Employment Summary


Identification code 12–1502–0–1–352 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

1001 Direct civilian full-time equivalent employment 8 8 9

Biomass Research and Development

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–1003–0–1–271 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Biomass research and development 72 1



0900 Total new obligations (object class 41.0) 72 1

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 31 1
1021 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations 2



1050 Unobligated balance (total) 33 1
Budget authority:
Appropriations, mandatory:
1221 Appropriations transferred from other accts [12–4336] 40



1260 Appropriations, mandatory (total) 40
1930 Total budgetary resources available 73 1
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 1

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 45 95 63
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 72 1
3020 Outlays (gross) –20 –33 –33
3040 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, unexpired –2



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 95 63 30
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year 45 95 63
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 95 63 30

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Mandatory:
4090 Budget authority, gross 40
Outlays, gross:
4100 Outlays from new mandatory authority 5
4101 Outlays from mandatory balances 15 33 33



4110 Outlays, gross (total) 20 33 33
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 40
4190 Outlays, net (total) 20 33 33

Biomass Research and Development is authorized by the Biomass Research and Development Act of 2000. The program provides competitive grants for research, development, and demonstration to encourage innovation and development related to biomass, and improved commercialization of biobased products and energy. USDA and the Department of Energy jointly administer the program.

Current priorities focus on the following: feedstock development and production; biobased products emphasizing environmental and economic performance and gasification of animal manure; integrated resource management and biomass use; demonstration projects that use biodiesel for all operations in the supply chain to produce corn grain ethanol; and effective and targeted incentive systems for biomass commercialization and adoption. Mandatory funding for the program expired at the end of September 2012.

National Institute of Food and Agriculture

research and education activities

For payments to agricultural experiment stations, for cooperative forestry and other research, for facilities, and for other expenses, $801,140,000, as follows: to carry out the provisions of the Hatch Act of 1887 (7 U.S.C. 361a-i), $236,334,000; for grants for cooperative forestry research (16 U.S.C. 582a through a-7), $32,934,000; for payments to eligible institutions (7 U.S.C. 3222), $50,898,000, provided that each institution receives no less than $1,000,000; for special grants (7 U.S.C. 450i(c)), $1,405,000; for competitive grants on improved pest control (7 U.S.C. 450i(c)), $11,913,000; for competitive grants (7 U.S.C. 450(i)(b)), $383,376,000, to remain available until expended; for the 1994 research grants program for 1994 institutions pursuant to section 536 of Public Law 103–382 (7 U.S.C. 301 note), $1,801,000, to remain available until expended; for the veterinary medicine loan repayment program under section 1415A of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3151a), $4,790,000, to remain available until expended; for an education grants program for Hispanic-serving Institutions (7 U.S.C. 3241), $9,219,000; for competitive grants for the purpose of carrying out all provisions of 7 U.S.C. 3156 to individual eligible institutions or consortia of eligible institutions in Alaska and in Hawaii, with funds awarded equally to each of the States of Alaska and Hawaii, $3,194,000; for aquaculture grants (7 U.S.C. 3322), $3,920,000; for sustainable agriculture research and education (7 U.S.C. 5811 and 7 U.S.C. 5832), $22,667,000; for a program of capacity building grants (7 U.S.C. 3152(b)(4)) to institutions eligible to receive funds under 7 U.S.C. 3221 and 3222, $19,336,000, to remain available until expended (7 U.S.C. 2209b); for payments to the 1994 Institutions pursuant to section 534(a)(1) of Public Law 103–382, $3,335,000; for grants for insular areas under sections 1490 and 1491 of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3362 and 3363), $1,650,000; and for necessary expenses of Research and Education Activities, $14,368,000, of which $7,830,000, to remain available until expended, are to provide partial support for grants management systems.

Hispanic Serving Agricultural Colleges and Universities Endowment Fund

For the Hispanic-Serving Agricultural Colleges and Universities Endowment Fund under section 1456(b) (7 U.S.C. 3243(b)) of the National Agricultural Research, Extension and Teaching Policy Act of 1977, $10,000,000, to remain available until expended.

Native American Institutions Endowment Fund

For the Native American Institutions Endowment Fund authorized by Public Law 103–382 (7 U.S.C. 301 note), $11,880,000, to remain available until expended.

Note.—A full-year 2013 appropriation for this account was not enacted at the time the budget was prepared; therefore, the budget assumes this account is operating under the Continuing Appropriations Resolution, 2013 (P.L. 112–175). The amounts included for 2013 reflect the annualized level provided by the continuing resolution.

Special and Trust Fund Receipts (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–1500–0–1–352 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

0100 Balance, start of year 136 148 160
Receipts:
0240 Earnings on Investments, Native American Institutions Endowment Fund 5 5 5



0400 Total: Balances and collections 141 153 165
Appropriations:
0500 Research and Education Activities –5 –5 –5
0501 Research and Education Activities 12 12 22



0599 Total appropriations 7 7 17



0799 Balance, end of year 148 160 182

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–1500–0–1–352 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Payments under the Hatch Act 236 237 236
0002 Cooperative forestry research 33 33 33
0003 Payments to 1890 colleges and Tuskegee Univ. and West Virginia State University 51 51 51
0004 Special research grants 42 43 42
0005 Agriculture Food and Research Initiative 279 463 383
0006 Animal health and disease research 4 4
0007 Federal Administration 11 11 14
0008 Higher education 48 52 37
0009 Native American Institutions Endowment Fund 5 5 5
0012 Veterinary Medical Services Act 5 5 5
0015 Sun Grant Program 2 2
0016 Farm Business Management and Benchmarking 1 1
0017 Competitive Grants for Policy Research 4 4



0799 Total direct obligations 721 911 806
0801 Reimbursable program activity 14 14 14



0900 Total new obligations 735 925 820

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 179 197
1021 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations 28



1050 Unobligated balance (total) 207 197
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 717 721 823
1101 Appropriation (Native American Endowment Interest) 5 5 5
1134 Portion precluded from obligation (-) (N.A. Endowment Fund) –12 –12 –22



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 710 714 806
Spending authority from offsetting collections, discretionary:
1700 Collected 1 14 14
1701 Change in uncollected payments, Federal sources 14



1750 Spending auth from offsetting collections, disc (total) 15 14 14
1900 Budget authority (total) 725 728 820
1930 Total budgetary resources available 932 925 820
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 197

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 1,136 1,077 1,167
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 735 925 820
3011 Obligations incurred, expired accounts 28
3020 Outlays (gross) –742 –835 –1,007
3040 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, unexpired –28
3041 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, expired –52



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 1,077 1,167 980
Uncollected payments:
3060 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, brought forward, Oct 1 –43 –31 –31
3070 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired –14
3071 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, expired 26



3090 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, end of year –31 –31 –31
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year 1,093 1,046 1,136
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 1,046 1,136 949

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 725 728 820
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 157 379 427
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 585 456 580



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 742 835 1,007
Offsets against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (collected) from:
4030 Federal sources –13 –14 –14
Additional offsets against gross budget authority only:
4050 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired –14
4052 Offsetting collections credited to expired accounts 13



4060 Additional offsets against budget authority only (total) –1



4070 Budget authority, net (discretionary) 711 714 806
4080 Outlays, net (discretionary) 729 821 993
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 711 714 806
4190 Outlays, net (total) 729 821 993

Memorandum (non-add) entries:
5000 Total investments, SOY: Federal securities: Par value 134 142 154
5001 Total investments, EOY: Federal securities: Par value 142 154 176

The National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA) participates in a nationwide system of agricultural research and education program planning and coordination between State institutions and the U.S. Department of Agriculture. It assists in maintaining cooperation among the State institutions, and between the State institutions and their Federal research partners. The agency administers grants and payments to State institutions to supplement State and local funding for agricultural research and higher education.

Agriculture and Food Research Initiative competitive grants._Section 7406 of FCEA establishes the Agriculture and Food Research Initiative (AFRI). AFRI is the core competitive grant program for fundamental and applied research, extension, and education to address food and agricultural sciences. AFRI projects will address critical issues in U.S. agriculture in the areas of agricultural and food production and security ; agricultural production and climate variability; sustainable bioenergy; nutrition and health; food safety; foundational science; food, agricultural, natural resources, and human sciences education initiative; and water and water resources. Addressing these critical issues will engage scientists and educators with expertise in plant health and production and plant products; animal health and production and animal products; food safety, nutrition, and health; renewable energy, natural resources, and environment; agricultural systems and technology; and agriculture economics and rural communities. AFRI allows greater flexibility in the types of projects funded to include: single function projects in research, education, and extension, and integrated research, education and/or extension awards. The 2014 Budget proposes to increase funding for AFRI from $266 million to $383 million, a 44 percent increase in this program from the 2013 estimate.

Payments under the Hatch Act._Funds under the Hatch Act are allocated on a formula basis to agricultural experiment stations of the land-grant colleges in the 50 States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, Guam, the Virgin Islands, American Samoa, Micronesia, and Northern Mariana Islands. The 2014 Budget is funded at the same level as the 2012 enacted level, $236.3 million.

Cooperative forestry research._These funds are allocated by formula to land-grant colleges or agricultural experiment stations in the 50 States, Puerto Rico, Guam, the Virgin Islands, and other State-supported colleges and universities having a forestry school and offering graduate training in forestry sciences. The 2014 Budget is funded at the same level as the 2012 enacted level, $32.9 million.

Payments to 1890 colleges and Tuskegee University and West Virginia State University._Funds allocated on a formula basis support agricultural research and broaden the curricula at the eighteen 1890 land-grant colleges, including Tuskegee University and West Virginia State University. The 2014 Budget is funded at the same level as the 2012 enacted level, $50.9 million.

Special research grants._This program addresses research areas of national interest. The 2014 Budget includes $22.7 million for sustainable agriculture. Funding is proposed for IR-4 minor crop pest management at $11.9 million to address the growing need for registration of safe pesticides for minor crops and lead to a reduction by half in the levels of chemical residues in food prooducts. Funding for agroclimatology (global change) is proposed at $1.4 million for research at universities as part of a coordinated Federal initiative. The 2014 Budget also includes funding for aquaculture centers at the same level as 2012 enacted, $3.9 million.

1994 Institutions Research._The 2014 Budget maintains funding at the 2012 enacted level of $1.8 million for the competitive research grants program to build research capacity at the thirty-four 1994 institutions by supporting agricultural research activities that address tribal, national and multistate priorities.

Federal administration._A coordinating and review staff assists in maintaining cooperation within and among the States, and between the States and their Federal research partners. This staff also administers research and education grants and payments to States. Federal administration is funded from a combination of program set-asides from formula and grant programs and from direct appropriation for administration. The 2014 Budget includes $14.4 million, which is $3.8 million over the 2013 annualized CR level. Most of the increase will support the Electronic Grants Administration System.

Higher education._2014 funding is proposed for Hispanic-serving institutions education grants program at $9.2 million. Funding is also proposed for Native American institutions at $3.3 million, Alaska Native-serving and Native Hawaiian-serving Institutions at $3.2 million, and Grants for Insular Areas programs at $1.7 million. These programs enable universities to broaden their curricula; and increase faculty development, student research projects, and the number of new scholars recruited in the food and agricultural sciences. In addition, an increased number of graduate students, including minority graduate students, will be enrolled in the agricultural sciences. The 2014 Budget proposes $19.3 million for a capacity building program at the 1890 institutions as part of the USDA initiative to strengthen these institutions through a broadening of curricula, and increased faculty development and student research projects. Funding is also proposed in the 2014 Budget, at $4.8 million, for the Veterinary Medical Services Act to provide incentives to hire Federal veterinarians to work in shortage areas.

Reimbursable program._Funds support basic and applied agriculture research and activities performed for other USDA, Federal, and non-Federal agencies.

Native American Institutions Endowment Fund._ The 2014 Budget includes the same level as 2012 enacted, $11.9 million, for an endowment for the 1994 land-grant institutions (34 Tribally controlled colleges) to strengthen the infrastructure of these institutions and develop Indian expertise for the food and agricultural sciences and businesses and their own communities. At the termination of each fiscal year, the Secretary withdraws the income from the endowment fund for the fiscal year, and after making adjustments for the cost of administering the fund, distributes the adjusted income on a formula basis to the 1994 land-grant institutions.

Hispanic-Serving Agricultural Colleges and Universities Endowment Fund._This endowment fund for Hispanic-Serving Agricultural Colleges and Universities will launch the production of skilled and marketable Hispanic student population for employment in the food and agriculture sector. Over the next ten years, the Endowment will lead to significant and measurable enhanced competence and marketability of Hispanic students in the food and agricultural sciences. The 2014 Budget includes $10 million for this proposed fund.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–1500–0–1–352 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Direct obligations:
11.1 Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent 37 20 20
12.1 Civilian personnel benefits 7 5 5
21.0 Travel and transportation of persons 1 1 1
23.3 Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous charges 1 1 1
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 6 4 4
25.5 Research and development contracts 17 9 9
41.0 Grants, subsidies, and contributions 652 871 766



99.0 Direct obligations 721 911 806
99.0 Reimbursable obligations 14 14 14



99.9 Total new obligations 735 925 820

Employment Summary


Identification code 12–1500–0–1–352 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

1001 Direct civilian full-time equivalent employment 242 245 254

Buildings and Facilities

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–1501–0–1–352 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Direct program activity 2



0900 Total new obligations (object class 41.0) 2

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 2
1930 Total budgetary resources available 2

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 1 3 2
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 2
3020 Outlays (gross) –1 –1



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 3 2 1
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year 1 3 2
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 3 2 1

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
Outlays, gross:
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 1 1
4190 Outlays, net (total) 1 1

Funds provide grants to States and other eligible recipients for the acquisition of land, construction, repair, improvement, extension, alteration and purchase of fixed equipment or facilities to carry out agricultural research, extension, and teaching programs. No funding has been appropriated to this account since 1997.

Extension Activities

For payments to States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, Guam, the Virgin Islands, Micronesia, the Northern Marianas, and American Samoa, $459,037,000, as follows: payments for cooperative extension work under the Smith-Lever Act, to be distributed under sections 3(b) and 3(c) of said Act, and under section 208(c) of Public Law 93–471, for retirement and employees' compensation costs for extension agents, $294,000,000; payments for extension work at the 1994 Institutions under the Smith-Lever Act (7 U.S.C. 343(b)(3)), $4,312,000; payments for the nutrition and family education program for low-income areas under section 3(d) of the Act, $67,934,000; payments for the farm safety program and youth farm safety education and certification extension grants under section 3(d) of the Act, $4,610,000; payments for New Technologies for Agriculture Extension under section 3(d) of the Act, $1,750,000; payments to upgrade research, extension, and teaching facilities at institutions eligible to receive funds under 7 U.S.C. 3221 and 3222, $19,730,000, to remain available until expended; payments for youth-at-risk programs under section 3(d) of the Smith-Lever Act, $8,395,000; payments for carrying out the provisions of the Renewable Resources Extension Act of 1978 (16 U.S.C. 1671 et seq.), $4,060,000; payments for the federally recognized Tribes Extension Program under section 3(d) of the Smith-Lever Act, $3,039,000; payments for cooperative extension work by eligible institutions (7 U.S.C. 3221), $42,592,000, provided that each institution receives no less than $1,000,000; and for necessary expenses of Extension Activities, $8,615,000.

Note.—A full-year 2013 appropriation for this account was not enacted at the time the budget was prepared; therefore, the budget assumes this account is operating under the Continuing Appropriations Resolution, 2013 (P.L. 112–175). The amounts included for 2013 reflect the annualized level provided by the continuing resolution.

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–0502–0–1–352 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Smith-Lever Act, 3(b) and 3(c) 294 295 294
0002 Youth at risk 8 8 8
0004 Expanded food and nutrition education program (EFNEP) 68 68 68
0005 Pest management 10 10
0006 Farm Safety 5 5 5
0009 Federally Recognized Tribes Extension Program 3 3 3
0013 Payments to 1890 colleges and Tuskegee Univ. and West Virginia State University 43 43 43
0015 Renewable resources extension act 4 4 4
0016 Federal administration 8 8 8
0019 1890 facilities (section 1447) 21 23 20
0021 Sustainable agriculture 5 5
0022 1994 institutions activities 4 4 4
0024 Rural health and safety education 2 2
0025 Grants to youth serving organizations 1 1
0026 Risk management education 5 5 5
0027 New technologies for ag. extension 2 2 2
0029 Beginning Farmers and Ranchers Development Program 19
0030 Food Animal Residue Avoidance Database 1 1



0799 Total direct obligations 503 487 464
0801 Reimbursable program activity 22 22 22



0900 Total new obligations 525 509 486

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 9 4
1001 Discretionary unobligated balance brought fwd, Oct 1 9 4
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 475 478 459



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 475 478 459
Appropriations, mandatory:
1221 Appropriations transferred from other accts [12–4085] 5 5 5
1221 Appropriations transferred from other accts [12–4336] 19



1260 Appropriations, mandatory (total) 24 5 5
Spending authority from offsetting collections, discretionary:
1700 Collected 2 22 22
1701 Change in uncollected payments, Federal sources 19



1750 Spending auth from offsetting collections, disc (total) 21 22 22
1900 Budget authority (total) 520 505 486
1930 Total budgetary resources available 529 509 486
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 4

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 695 642 624
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 525 509 486
3011 Obligations incurred, expired accounts 30
3020 Outlays (gross) –541 –527 –755
3041 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, expired –67



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 642 624 355
Uncollected payments:
3060 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, brought forward, Oct 1 –127 –100 –100
3070 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired –19
3071 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, expired 46



3090 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, end of year –100 –100 –100
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year 568 542 524
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 542 524 255

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 496 500 481
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 163 220 297
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 351 285 434



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 514 505 731
Offsets against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (collected) from:
4030 Federal sources –13 –22 –22
4033 Non-Federal sources –1



4040 Offsets against gross budget authority and outlays (total) –14 –22 –22
Additional offsets against gross budget authority only:
4050 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired –19
4052 Offsetting collections credited to expired accounts 12



4060 Additional offsets against budget authority only (total) –7



4070 Budget authority, net (discretionary) 475 478 459
4080 Outlays, net (discretionary) 500 483 709
Mandatory:
4090 Budget authority, gross 24 5 5
Outlays, gross:
4100 Outlays from new mandatory authority 1 3 3
4101 Outlays from mandatory balances 26 19 21



4110 Outlays, gross (total) 27 22 24
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 499 483 464
4190 Outlays, net (total) 527 505 733

The Cooperative Extension System, a national educational network, is a dynamic organization pledged to meeting the country's needs for research-based educational programs that will enable people to make practical decisions to improve their lives. To accomplish its mission, the Cooperative Extension System adjusts programs to meet the shifting needs and priorities of the people it serves.

The non-formal educational network combines the expertise and resources of Federal, State, and local partners. The partners in this unique System are: a) The National Institute of Food and Agriculture at the U.S. Department of Agriculture; b) Extension professionals at land-grant universities throughout the United States and its territories; and c) Extension professionals in nearly all of the Nation's 3,150 counties. Thousands of paraprofessionals and nearly 3 million volunteers support this partnership and magnify its impact. Strong linkages with both public and private external groups are also crucial to the Cooperative Extension System's strength and vitality.

Programs supported with Smith-Lever 3(b) and (c) legislated formula funds are the major educational efforts central to the mission of the System and common to most Extension units. These programs are the foundation of the Extension organization and partnership that are intended to increase the number of community-based projects, families, and individuals reached to disseminate research findings as widely and quickly as possible. The use of electronic mail, satellite transmission of courses, and computer-assisted instruction are encouraged to communicate ideas. The 2014 Budget proposes Smith-Lever 3(b) and (c) programs to be funded at $294.0 million, which is the same as the 2012 enacted level.

Extension resources are provided to the States by these formula funds and competitively-awarded programs such as sustainable agriculture. Smith-Lever 3(b) and (c) provides payments to the 1890 colleges and Tuskegee University and West Virginia State University, funded at $42.6 million in the 2014 Budget request, the same as the 2012 enacted level, and provides funds to support the Extension's infrastructure.

Designated programs funded by Smith-Lever 3(d) include the Expanded Food and Nutrition Education Program (EFNEP); New Technologies for Agricultural Extension; Children, Youth and Families at Risk; AgrAbility/Farm Safety (Farm Safety Program and Youth Farm Safety Education and Certification); and Federally-Recognized Tribes Extension Program. The 2014 Budget includes $85.7 million for these programs. Other Extension programs supported in the 2014 Budget include Extension Services at 1994 Institutions at $4.3 million, Renewable Resources Extension Act at $4.1 million, and 1890 Facilities Grants at $19.7 million.

Federal administration._A coordinating and review staff assists in maintaining cooperation within and among the States, and between the States and their Federal partners. This staff also administers extension grants and payments to States. Federal administration is funded from direct appropriation for administration. The 2014 Budget proposes $8.6 million in funding, which includes $0.5 million for support of risk management education.

Beginning Farmer and Rancher Development Program._This mandatory program, authorized by section 7410 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (FCEA), 2008 Farm Bill, provides funding to support the development of education, outreach, curricula, workshops, educational teams, training, and technical assistance programs to assist beginning farmers and ranchers in the United States and its territories in entering, building, and managing successful farm and ranch enterprises. This program also provides support for an online electronic and library clearinghouse to provide associated support to individually funded projects, and the overall program. Mandatory funding for the program expired at the end of September 2012.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–0502–0–1–352 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation:
11.1 Full-time permanent 11 11 11
11.5 Other personnel compensation 1



11.9 Total personnel compensation 12 11 11
12.1 Civilian personnel benefits 4 3 3
21.0 Travel and transportation of persons 1 1 1
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 2 2 2
25.4 Operation and maintenance of facilities 2 2
25.5 Research and development contracts 1 1 1
41.0 Grants, subsidies, and contributions 484 467 444



99.0 Direct obligations 504 487 464
99.0 Reimbursable obligations 21 22 22



99.9 Total new obligations 525 509 486

Employment Summary


Identification code 12–0502–0–1–352 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

1001 Direct civilian full-time equivalent employment 155 157 154

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Federal Funds

Salaries and Expenses

(including transfers of funds)

For necessary expenses of the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, including up to $30,000 for representation allowances and for expenses pursuant to the Foreign Service Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 4085), $797,601,000, of which $1,507,000, to remain available until expended, shall be available for the control of outbreaks of insects, plant diseases, animal diseases and for control of pest animals and birds ("contingency fund'') to the extent necessary to meet emergency conditions; of which $8,944,000, to remain available until expended, shall be used for the cotton pests program for cost share purposes or for debt retirement for active eradication zones; of which $37,891,000, to remain available until expended, shall be for Animal Health Technical Services; of which $893,000 shall be for activities under the authority of the Horse Protection Act of 1970, as amended (15 U.S.C. 1831); of which $49,840,000, to remain available until expended, shall be used to support avian health; of which $4,335,000, to remain available until expended, shall be for information technology infrastructure; of which $147,419,000, to remain available until expended, shall be for specialty crop pests; of which, $8,877,000, to remain available until expended, shall be for field crop and rangeland ecosystem pests; of which $48,290,000, to remain available until expended, shall be for tree and wood pests; of which $3,723,000, to remain available until expended, shall be for the National Veterinary Stockpile; of which up to $1,500,000, to remain available until expended, shall be for the scrapie program for indemnities; of which $1,500,000, to remain available until expended, shall be for the wildlife damage management program for aviation safety: Provided, That, of amounts available under this heading for wildlife services methods development, $1,000,000 shall remain available until expended: Provided further, That, of amounts available under this heading for the screwworm program, $4,990,000 shall remain available until expended: Provided further, That no funds shall be used to formulate or administer a brucellosis eradication program for the current fiscal year that does not require minimum matching by the States of at least 40 percent: Provided further, That this appropriation shall be available for the operation and maintenance of aircraft and the purchase of not to exceed four, of which two shall be for replacement only: Provided further, That, in addition, in emergencies which threaten any segment of the agricultural production industry of this country, the Secretary may transfer from other appropriations or funds available to the agencies or corporations of the Department such sums as may be deemed necessary, to be available only in such emergencies for the arrest and eradication of contagious or infectious disease or pests of animals, poultry, or plants, and for expenses in accordance with sections 10411 and 10417 of the Animal Health Protection Act (7 U.S.C. 8310 and 8316) and sections 431 and 442 of the Plant Protection Act (7 U.S.C. 7751 and 7772), and any unexpended balances of funds transferred for such emergency purposes in the preceding fiscal year shall be merged with such transferred amounts: Provided further, That appropriations hereunder shall be available pursuant to law (7 U.S.C. 2250) for the repair and alteration of leased buildings and improvements, but unless otherwise provided the cost of altering any one building during the fiscal year shall not exceed 10 percent of the current replacement value of the building.

In fiscal year 2014, the agency is authorized to collect fees to cover the total costs of providing technical assistance, goods, or services requested by States, other political subdivisions, domestic and international organizations, foreign governments, or individuals, provided that such fees are structured such that any entity's liability for such fees is reasonably based on the technical assistance, goods, or services provided to the entity by the agency, and such fees shall be reimbursed to this account, to remain available until expended, without further appropriation, for providing such assistance, goods, or services.

Note.—A full-year 2013 appropriation for this account was not enacted at the time the budget was prepared; therefore, the budget assumes this account is operating under the Continuing Appropriations Resolution, 2013 (P.L. 112–175). The amounts included for 2013 reflect the annualized level provided by the continuing resolution.

Special and Trust Fund Receipts (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–1600–0–1–352 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

0100 Balance, start of year
Receipts:
0200 1990 Food, Agricultural Quarantine Inspection Fees 548 558 566
0220 Fees, Animal and Plant Health Inspection User Fee Account 20



0299 Total receipts and collections 548 558 586



0400 Total: Balances and collections 548 558 586
Appropriations:
0500 Salaries and Expenses –548 –558 –566



0799 Balance, end of year 20

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–1600–0–1–352 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Animal Health 290 296 283
0002 Plant Health 349 324 293
0003 Wildlife Services 87 91 104
0004 Regulatory Management 35 35 35
0005 Emergency Management 18 19 19
0006 Safe Trade and International Technical Assistance 33 34 34
0007 Animal Welfare 28 28 29
0008 Agency Management 10 10 10
0010 Emergency Program Funding 25 11
0011 Agricultural Quarantine Inspection User Fees 188 193 193
0012 H1N1 Transfer From HHS 5 4 4
0013 2008 Farm Bill, Sections 10201 and 10202 52 50 50



0100 Total direct program 1,120 1,095 1,054



0799 Total direct obligations 1,120 1,095 1,054
0801 Reimbursable program 157 160 160



0900 Total new obligations 1,277 1,255 1,214

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 280 308 287
1001 Discretionary unobligated balance brought fwd, Oct 1 185 201
1021 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations 22



1050 Unobligated balance (total) 302 308 287
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 817 822 798
1120 Appropriations transferred to other accts [12–4609] –3
1121 Appropriations transferred from other accts [12–4336] 21



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 835 822 798
Appropriations, mandatory:
1201 Appropriation (AQI User Fees) 548 558 566
1220 Appropriations transferred to other accts [70–0530] –349 –350 –355
1221 Appropriations transferred from other accts [12–4336] 55 50 50



1260 Appropriations, mandatory (total) 254 258 261
Spending authority from offsetting collections, discretionary:
1700 Collected 131 154 154
1701 Change in uncollected payments, Federal sources 74



1750 Spending auth from offsetting collections, disc (total) 205 154 154
1900 Budget authority (total) 1,294 1,234 1,213
1930 Total budgetary resources available 1,596 1,542 1,500
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1940 Unobligated balance expiring –11
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 308 287 286

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 413 418 230
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 1,277 1,255 1,214
3011 Obligations incurred, expired accounts 18
3020 Outlays (gross) –1,252 –1,443 –1,240
3040 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, unexpired –22
3041 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, expired –16



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 418 230 204
Uncollected payments:
3060 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, brought forward, Oct 1 –75 –140 –140
3070 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired –74
3071 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, expired 9



3090 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, end of year –140 –140 –140
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year 338 278 90
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 278 90 64

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 1,040 976 952
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 722 853 833
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 300 311 146



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 1,022 1,164 979
Offsets against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (collected) from:
4030 Federal sources –26 –32 –32
4033 Non-Federal sources –111 –122 –122



4040 Offsets against gross budget authority and outlays (total) –137 –154 –154
Additional offsets against gross budget authority only:
4050 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired –74
4052 Offsetting collections credited to expired accounts 6



4060 Additional offsets against budget authority only (total) –68



4070 Budget authority, net (discretionary) 835 822 798
4080 Outlays, net (discretionary) 885 1,010 825
Mandatory:
4090 Budget authority, gross 254 258 261
Outlays, gross:
4100 Outlays from new mandatory authority 168 216 218
4101 Outlays from mandatory balances 62 63 43



4110 Outlays, gross (total) 230 279 261
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 1,089 1,080 1,059
4190 Outlays, net (total) 1,115 1,289 1,086

The Secretary of Agriculture established the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) on April 2, 1972, under the authority of Reorganization Plan No. 2 of 1953 and other authorities. The mission of the Agency is to protect the health and value of American agriculture and natural resources and is carried out using three major areas of activity, as follows:

Safeguarding and Emergency Preparedness/Response._APHIS monitors plant and animal health throughout the world and uses the information to set effective agricultural import policies to prevent the introduction of foreign plant and animal pests and diseases. Should a pest or disease enter the United States, APHIS works cooperatively with other Federal, State, and industry partners to conduct plant and animal health monitoring programs to rapidly diagnose them and determine if there is a need to establish new pest or disease management programs. APHIS, in conjunction with States, industry, and other stakeholders, protects American agriculture by eradicating harmful pests and diseases or, where eradication is not feasible, by minimizing their economic impact. APHIS makes judicious use of resources by identifying instances when neither eradication nor management may be possible. The Agency monitors endemic pests and diseases through surveys to detect their locations and works with States and other programs to enact regulatory controls and conduct outreach to prevent the spread of pests and diseases into non-infested parts of the country. The Agency maintains a cadre of trained professionals prepared to respond immediately to potential animal and plant health emergencies. Program personnel investigate reports of suspected exotic pests and diseases and take emergency action if necessary. Through its Wildlife Services program, APHIS protects agriculture from damage caused by animal predators through identification, demonstration, and application of the most appropriate methods of control. The Agency's regulations also allow the benefits of genetic research to safely enter the marketplace, while protecting against the release of potentially harmful organisms into the environment. APHIS also conducts diagnostic laboratory activities that support the Agency's veterinary disease and plant pest prevention, detection, control, and eradication programs. The Agency also provides and directs technology development to support plant and animal protection programs of the Agency and its cooperators at the State, national, and international levels.

Safe Trade and International Technical Assistance._Sanitary (animal) and phytosanitary (plant) (SPS) regulations can have a significant impact on market access for the United States as an exporter of agricultural products. APHIS plays a central role in resolving technical trade issues to ensure the smooth and safe movement of agricultural commodities into and out of the United States. APHIS helps to protect the United States from emerging plant and animal pests and diseases while meeting obligations under the World Trade Organization's SPS agreement by assisting developing countries in improving their safeguarding systems. APHIS develops and implements programs designed to identify and reduce agricultural pest and disease threats while still outside of U.S. borders, to enhance safe agricultural trade, and to strengthen emergency response preparedness.

Animal Welfare._The Agency conducts regulatory activities to ensure the humane care and treatment of animals, including horses, as required by the Animal Welfare Act of 1966 as amended (7 U.S.C. 2131–2159), and the Horse Protection Act of 1970 as amended (15 U.S.C. 1821–1831). These activities include inspection of certain establishments that handle animals intended for research, exhibition, and sale as pets, and monitoring of certain horse shows.
APHIS' 2014 budget request of $798 million is an overall reduction of $24 million from the 2013 estimate. The budget request includes funding to continue implementation of the refocused Animal Disease Traceability program that will enable us to detect animal disease faster, minimize disease spread, and assist in keeping global trade markets open to U.S. animals and animal products. The Agency is also requesting funding to enforce the Animal Welfare retail pet store rule, which closes a loophole of pets being sold over the Internet, phone, and by mail, that are currently exempt from the regulatory process. The requested funding levels will help support these important regulatory efforts.
APHIS also is requesting $20 million to implement a national control program for feral swine. Feral swine are a harmful and destructive invasive species whose increase in population and expanding range is having significant impact on animal and human health; crops and livestock; rural, suburban and even urban areas; and, natural resources and native resources, causing an estimated $1.5 billion in damages annually. The overall objective of the program will be to minimize the damage inflicted by feral swine. The Agency proposed an increase to support the efforts, while proposing reductions in other areas. These reductions include programs where we have achieved success, such as nearing eradication for the cotton pests pink bollworm and boll weevil, and the Agency's enhanced ability to prepare for, detect, and respond to avian health issues. Other reductions are for programs which we have determined as lower priority, where the Federal role could be smaller, and where cooperators who benefit directly from activities should increase their contributions. The budget request also includes decreases for programs where activities are concluding or progress is slower than anticipated.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–1600–0–1–352 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation:
11.1 Full-time permanent 428 432 435
11.3 Other than full-time permanent 5 5 5
11.5 Other personnel compensation 3 3 3



11.9 Total personnel compensation 436 440 443
12.1 Civilian personnel benefits 141 142 146
13.0 Benefits for former personnel 7 4 5
21.0 Travel and transportation of persons 23 25 26
22.0 Transportation of things 2 2 2
23.1 Rent, Communications, and Utilities 35 35 35
24.0 Printing and reproduction 1 1 1
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 395 368 319
26.0 Supplies and materials 52 50 50
31.0 Equipment 21 22 21
32.0 Land and structures 1 1
41.0 Other grants, subsidies, and contributions 4 4 4
42.0 Other insurance claims and indemnities 3 1 1



99.0 Direct obligations 1,120 1,095 1,054
99.0 Reimbursable obligations 157 160 160



99.9 Total new obligations 1,277 1,255 1,214

Employment Summary


Identification code 12–1600–0–1–352 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

1001 Direct civilian full-time equivalent employment 6,023 6,020 6,010
2001 Reimbursable civilian full-time equivalent employment 1,280 1,550 1,550

Buildings and Facilities

For plans, construction, repair, preventive maintenance, environmental support, improvement, extension, alteration, and purchase of fixed equipment or facilities, as authorized by 7 U.S.C. 2250, and acquisition of land as authorized by 7 U.S.C. 428a, $3,175,000, to remain available until expended.

Note.—A full-year 2013 appropriation for this account was not enacted at the time the budget was prepared; therefore, the budget assumes this account is operating under the Continuing Appropriations Resolution, 2013 (P.L. 112–175). The amounts included for 2013 reflect the annualized level provided by the continuing resolution.

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–1601–0–1–352 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Buildings and facilities 4 3 3



0900 Total new obligations (object class 25.2) 4 3 3

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 1
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 3 3 3



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 3 3 3
1930 Total budgetary resources available 4 3 3

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 8 5 2
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 4 3 3
3020 Outlays (gross) –7 –6 –5



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 5 2
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year 8 5 2
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 5 2

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 3 3 3
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 1 1
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 7 5 4



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 7 6 5
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 3 3 3
4190 Outlays, net (total) 7 6 5

The buildings and facilities account provides for plans, construction, repair, preventive maintenance, environmental support, improvement, extension, alteration, purchase of fixed equipment or facilities, and acquisition of land, as needed, for Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) operated facilities, which include animal quarantine stations, border inspection stations, sterile insect rearing facilities, and laboratories.

For these activities, the 2014 Budget proposes $3.175 million which includes funding to address safety issues with several facilities.

Trust Funds

Miscellaneous Trust Funds

Special and Trust Fund Receipts (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–9971–0–7–352 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

0100 Balance, start of year
Receipts:
0220 Deposits of Miscellaneous Contributed Funds, APHIS 10 9 9



0400 Total: Balances and collections 10 9 9
Appropriations:
0500 Miscellaneous Trust Funds –10 –9 –9



0799 Balance, end of year

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–9971–0–7–352 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Miscellaneous trust funds 12 12 9

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 13 11 8
Budget authority:
Appropriations, mandatory:
1201 Appropriation (special or trust fund) 10 9 9



1260 Appropriations, mandatory (total) 10 9 9
1930 Total budgetary resources available 23 20 17
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 11 8 8

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 1 2 3
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 12 12 9
3020 Outlays (gross) –11 –11 –9



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 2 3 3
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year 1 2 3
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 2 3 3

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Mandatory:
4090 Budget authority, gross 10 9 9
Outlays, gross:
4100 Outlays from new mandatory authority 8 8 8
4101 Outlays from mandatory balances 3 3 1



4110 Outlays, gross (total) 11 11 9
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 10 9 9
4190 Outlays, net (total) 11 11 9

The following services are financed by fees and miscellaneous contributions advanced by importers, manufacturers, States, organizations, individuals, and others:

Miscellaneous contributed funds._Funds are received from States, local organizations, individuals, and others and are available for plant and animal quarantine inspection and cooperative plant and animal disease and pest control activities (7 U.S.C. 450b, 2220).

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–9971–0–7–352 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Direct obligations:
11.1 Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent 6 6 5
12.1 Civilian personnel benefits 2 1 1
21.0 Travel and transportation of persons 2 2 1
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 1 2 1
26.0 Supplies and materials 1 1 1



99.9 Total new obligations 12 12 9

Employment Summary


Identification code 12–9971–0–7–352 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

1001 Direct civilian full-time equivalent employment 150 150 150

Food Safety and Inspection Service

Federal Funds

Food Safety and Inspection Service

For necessary expenses to carry out services authorized by the Federal Meat Inspection Act, the Poultry Products Inspection Act, and the Egg Products Inspection Act, including not to exceed $50,000 for representation allowances and for expenses pursuant to section 8 of the Act approved August 3, 1956 (7 U.S.C. 1766), $1,008,473,000; and in addition, $1,000,000 may be credited to this account from fees collected for the cost of laboratory accreditation as authorized by section 1327 of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation and Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 138f): Provided, That funds provided for the Public Health Data Communication Infrastructure system shall remain available until expended: Provided further, That no fewer than 148 full-time equivalent positions shall be employed during fiscal year 2014 for purposes dedicated solely to inspections and enforcement related to the Humane Methods of Slaughter Act: Provided further, That this appropriation shall be available pursuant to law (7 U.S.C. 2250) for the alteration and repair of buildings and improvements, but the cost of altering any one building during the fiscal year shall not exceed 10 percent of the current replacement value of the building.

Note.—A full-year 2013 appropriation for this account was not enacted at the time the budget was prepared; therefore, the budget assumes this account is operating under the Continuing Appropriations Resolution, 2013 (P.L. 112–175). The amounts included for 2013 reflect the annualized level provided by the continuing resolution.

Special and Trust Fund Receipts (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–3700–0–1–554 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

0100 Balance, start of year
Receipts:
0220 Fees, Food Safety Inspection User Fee Account 4



0400 Total: Balances and collections 4



0799 Balance, end of year 4

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–3700–0–1–554 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Salaries and expenses 1,004 1,011 1,008
0801 Reimbursable program 156 153 153



0900 Total new obligations 1,160 1,164 1,161

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 7 22 22
1021 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations 1



1050 Unobligated balance (total) 8 22 22
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 1,004 1,011 1,008
1120 Appropriations transferred to other accts [12–3700] –104
1121 Appropriations transferred from other accts [12–3700] 104



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 1,004 1,011 1,008
Spending authority from offsetting collections, discretionary:
1700 Collected 167 153 153
1701 Change in uncollected payments, Federal sources 4



1750 Spending auth from offsetting collections, disc (total) 171 153 153
1900 Budget authority (total) 1,175 1,164 1,161
1930 Total budgetary resources available 1,183 1,186 1,183
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1940 Unobligated balance expiring –1
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 22 22 22

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 185 183 184
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 1,160 1,164 1,161
3011 Obligations incurred, expired accounts 2
3020 Outlays (gross) –1,154 –1,163 –1,162
3040 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, unexpired –1
3041 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, expired –9



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 183 184 183
Uncollected payments:
3060 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, brought forward, Oct 1 –28 –31 –31
3070 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired –4
3071 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, expired 1



3090 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, end of year –31 –31 –31
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year 157 152 153
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 152 153 152

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 1,175 1,164 1,161
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 1,006 993 991
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 148 170 171



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 1,154 1,163 1,162
Offsets against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (collected) from:
4030 Federal sources –2 –1 –1
4033 Non-Federal sources –166 –152 –152



4040 Offsets against gross budget authority and outlays (total) –168 –153 –153
Additional offsets against gross budget authority only:
4050 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired –4
4052 Offsetting collections credited to expired accounts 1



4060 Additional offsets against budget authority only (total) –3



4070 Budget authority, net (discretionary) 1,004 1,011 1,008
4080 Outlays, net (discretionary) 986 1,010 1,009
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 1,004 1,011 1,008
4190 Outlays, net (total) 986 1,010 1,009

The primary objective of the Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) is to ensure that meat, poultry, and egg products are wholesome, unadulterated, and properly labeled and packaged, as required by the Federal Meat Inspection Act, the Poultry Products Inspection Act, and the Egg Products Inspection Act. In carrying out this mission, FSIS oversight responsibility covers a significant percentage of American spending on food. Providing adequate resources for Federal food safety agencies is a priority of the Administration. The 2014 Budget proposes $1,008.5 million for inspection of meat, poultry and egg products, which is a $2.1 million decrease from the annualized 2013 Continuing Resolution level. The proposed budget contains an increase for sufficient funding to implement the Cooperative Interstate Shipment program. There is a decrease for implementation of new methods in poultry slaughter inspection. In addition, the budget proposes a performance-based user fee, which will be charged to plants that have sample failures or require additional inspection activities due to regulatory non-compliance.

FEDERALLY FUNDED INSPECTION ACTIVITIES


2012 actual 2013 est. 2014 est.

Federally inspected establishments:
Slaughter Plants 13 13 13
Processing Plants 3,976 4,016 4,016
Combination slaughter and processing plants 1,065 1,076 1,076
Talmadge-Aiken plants 343 346 346
Import Establishments 117 118 118
Egg plants 83 84 84
Other plants 666 673 673
Federally inspected and passed production (millions of pounds):
Meat Slaughter 48,557 49,043 49,533
Poultry Slaughter 56,383 56,947 57,516
Egg products 4,052 4,093 4,134
Import/export activity (millions of pounds):
Meat and poultry imported 3,074 3,200 3,400
Meat and poultry exported 16,855 16,500 16,750
Intrastate inspection1
Intrastate inspection 27 27 27
Talmadge-Aiken inspection 9 9 9
Number of slaughter and/or processing plants (excludes exempt plants) 1,700 1,720 1,720
Compliance activities:
Investigations and surveillance activities 11,505 12,500 12,750
Enforcement actions completed 1,254 1,265 1,275
Product Testing (samples analyzed):
Food Chemistry 1,304 1,304 1,304
Food Microbiology 110,164 110,164 110,164
Chemical Residues 23,739 23,739 23,739
Antibiotic Residues 202,200 202,200 202,200
Pathology Samples 5,282 5,282 5,282
Egg Products:
Food microbiology 1,563 1,563 1,563
Consumer Education and public outreach:
Meat and poultry hotline calls received 74,437 67,839 71,231
Website visits 14,594,233 16,500,000 18,500,000
Electronic messages received 8,331 4,427 4,468
Publications distributed 819,609 842,877 844,884
E-mail alert service subscribers 112,287 120,000 140,000
Epidemiological Investigations:
Cooperative efforts with State and public health offices 31 31 31
Illnesses reported and treated 2 1,520 1,520 1,520

1States with cooperative agreements which are operating programs.2Data must be collected over a number of years to chart national trends and estimate the incidence of foodborne illness and treatment.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–3700–0–1–554 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation:
11.1 Full-time permanent 552 542 528
11.3 Other than full-time permanent 11 12 12
11.5 Other personnel compensation 25 39 39



11.9 Total personnel compensation 588 593 579
12.1 Civilian personnel benefits 211 213 208
13.0 Benefits for former personnel 1 1 9
21.0 Travel and transportation of persons 38 40 46
22.0 Transportation of things 4 3 4
23.1 Rental payments to GSA 1 1 1
23.3 Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous charges 12 13 13
24.0 Printing and reproduction 1 1 1
25.1 Advisory and assistance services 3 3 3
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 50 46 46
25.3 Other goods and services from Federal sources 21 21 21
25.4 Operation and maintenance of facilities 1 1 1
25.7 Operation and maintenance of equipment 1 2 2
26.0 Supplies and materials 12 12 12
31.0 Equipment 9 10 10
32.0 Land and structures 1
41.0 Grants, subsidies, and contributions 48 51 52
42.0 Insurance claims and indemnities 2



99.0 Direct obligations 1,004 1,011 1,008
99.0 Reimbursable obligations 155 153 153
99.5 Below reporting threshold 1



99.9 Total new obligations 1,160 1,164 1,161

Employment Summary


Identification code 12–3700–0–1–554 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

1001 Direct civilian full-time equivalent employment 9,351 9,360 9,122
2001 Reimbursable civilian full-time equivalent employment 29 27 27

Trust Funds

Expenses and Refunds, Inspection and Grading of Farm Products

Special and Trust Fund Receipts (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–8137–0–7–352 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

0100 Balance, start of year
Receipts:
0220 Deposits of Fees, Inspection and Grading of Farm Products, Food Safety and Quality Service 11 10 10



0400 Total: Balances and collections 11 10 10
Appropriations:
0500 Expenses and Refunds, Inspection and Grading of Farm Products –11 –10 –10



0799 Balance, end of year

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–8137–0–7–352 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Expenses and refunds, inspection and grading of farm products 10 10 10

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 2 3 3
Budget authority:
Appropriations, mandatory:
1201 Appropriation (special or trust fund) 11 10 10



1260 Appropriations, mandatory (total) 11 10 10
1900 Budget authority (total) 11 10 10
1930 Total budgetary resources available 13 13 13
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 3 3 3

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 1 1 1
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 10 10 10
3020 Outlays (gross) –10 –10 –10



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 1 1 1
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year 1 1 1
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 1 1 1

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Mandatory:
4090 Budget authority, gross 11 10 10
Outlays, gross:
4100 Outlays from new mandatory authority 6 10 10
4101 Outlays from mandatory balances 4



4110 Outlays, gross (total) 10 10 10
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 11 10 10
4190 Outlays, net (total) 10 10 10

Under authority of the Agricultural Marketing Act of 1946, Federal meat and poultry inspection services are provided upon request and for a fee in cases where inspection is not mandated by statute. This service includes: certifying products for export beyond the requirements of export certificates; inspecting certain animals and poultry intended for human food where inspection is not required by statute, such as buffalo, rabbit, and quail; and inspecting products intended for animal consumption.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–8137–0–7–352 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation:
11.1 Full-time permanent 5 5 5
11.5 Other personnel compensation 3 3 3



11.9 Total personnel compensation 8 8 8
12.1 Civilian personnel benefits 2 2 2



99.9 Total new obligations 10 10 10

Employment Summary


Identification code 12–8137–0–7–352 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

1001 Direct civilian full-time equivalent employment 80 81 81

Grain Inspection, Packers and Stockyards Administration

Federal Funds

Salaries and Expenses

For necessary expenses of the Grain Inspection, Packers and Stockyards Administration, $40,531,000: Provided, That this appropriation shall be available pursuant to law (7 U.S.C. 2250) for the alteration and repair of buildings and improvements, but the cost of altering any one building during the fiscal year shall not exceed 10 percent of the current replacement value of the building.

Note.—A full-year 2013 appropriation for this account was not enacted at the time the budget was prepared; therefore, the budget assumes this account is operating under the Continuing Appropriations Resolution, 2013 (P.L. 112–175). The amounts included for 2013 reflect the annualized level provided by the continuing resolution.

Special and Trust Fund Receipts (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–2400–0–1–352 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

0100 Balance, start of year
Receipts:
0220 Fees, Grain Inspection, Packers and Stockyards User Fee Account 27



0400 Total: Balances and collections 27



0799 Balance, end of year 27

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–2400–0–1–352 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Packers and stockyards program 21 21 23
0002 Grain regulatory program 16 17 18



0900 Total new obligations 37 38 41

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 3
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 38 38 41



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 38 38 41
Spending authority from offsetting collections, discretionary:
1700 Collected 3 3



1750 Spending auth from offsetting collections, disc (total) 3 3
1900 Budget authority (total) 38 41 44
1930 Total budgetary resources available 38 41 47
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1940 Unobligated balance expiring –1
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 3 6

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 6 5 2
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 37 38 41
3020 Outlays (gross) –37 –41 –44
3041 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, expired –1



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 5 2 –1
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year 6 5 2
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 5 2 –1

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 38 41 44
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 32 34 37
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 5 7 7



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 37 41 44
Offsets against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (collected) from:
4030 Federal sources –3 –3
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 38 38 41
4190 Outlays, net (total) 37 38 41

The Grain Inspection, Packers and Stockyards Administration's (GIPSA) Grain Regulatory Program promotes and enforces the accurate and uniform application of the United States Grain Standards Act (USGSA) and applicable provisions of the Agricultural Marketing Act of 1946. GIPSA identifies, evaluates, and implements new or improved techniques for measuring grain quality. GIPSA also establishes and updates testing and grading standards to facilitate the marketing of U.S. grain, oilseeds, and related products. GIPSA briefs foreign buyers, assesses foreign inspection and weighing techniques, and responds to foreign quality and quantity complaints.

GIPSA's Packers and Stockyards Program (P&SP) promotes fair business practices, financial integrity, and competitive environments to market livestock, meat, and poultry. Through its oversight activities, including monitoring programs, reviews, and investigations, P&SP fosters fair competition, provides payment protection, and guards against deceptive and fraudulent trade practices that affect the movement and price of meat animals and their products. P&SP's work protects consumers and members of the livestock, meat, and poultry industries. P&SP enforces the Packers and Stockyards (P&S) Act, which prohibits unfair, deceptive, and unjust discriminatory practices by market agencies, dealers, stockyards, packers, swine contractors, and live poultry dealers in the livestock, meat packing, and poultry industries. The P&S Act provides an important safety net for livestock producers and poultry growers in rural America. P&SP conducts routine and ongoing regulatory inspections and audits to assess whether subject entities are operating in compliance with the Act, and conducts investigations of potential P&S Act violations identified by either industry complaints or previous GIPSA regulatory inspections. The 2014 Budget requests $40.5 million, an increase of $2.55 million above the annualized 2013 Continuing Resolution level to purchase necessary equipment, including scientific equipment, supplies, and other support expenses.

MAIN WORKLOAD FACTORS


Grain Regulatory Program: 2012 actual 2013 est. 2014 est.

U.S. standards and factors (attribute tests) in effect at end of year 129 129 129
Standards reviews and factors in progress 4 7 6
Standards reviews and factors completed 2 4 3
On-site investigations 6 6 6
Designations renewed 20 17 16
Registration certificates issued 130 135 135


Packers and Stockyards Program:

Investigations 3280 3800 4000
Regulatory Activities 2218 2800 3000
Livestock market agencies/dealers registered 5853 5900 6000
Stockyards posted 1238 1200 1150
Slaughtering and processing packers subject to the Act (estimated) 4400 4350 4300
Meat distributors, brokers, and dealers subject to the Act (estimated) 2759 2700 2600
Poultry operations subject to the Act 133 130 130

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–2400–0–1–352 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Direct obligations:
11.1 Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent 22 23 24
12.1 Civilian personnel benefits 6 6 7
21.0 Travel and transportation of persons 1 1 1
23.3 Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous charges 1 1 1
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 3 2 3
26.0 Supplies and materials 1 1 1
31.0 Equipment 1 1



99.0 Direct obligations 34 35 38
99.0 Reimbursable obligations 3 3 3



99.9 Total new obligations 37 38 41

Employment Summary


Identification code 12–2400–0–1–352 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

1001 Direct civilian full-time equivalent employment 295 291 285
2001 Reimbursable civilian full-time equivalent employment 8 8 8

Limitation on Inspection and Weighing Services Expenses

Not to exceed $50,000,000 (from fees collected) shall be obligated during the current fiscal year for inspection and weighing services: Provided, That if grain export activities require additional supervision and oversight, or other uncontrollable factors occur, this limitation may be exceeded by up to 10 percent with notification to the Committees on Appropriations of both Houses of Congress.

Note.—A full-year 2013 appropriation for this account was not enacted at the time the budget was prepared; therefore, the budget assumes this account is operating under the Continuing Appropriations Resolution, 2013 (P.L. 112–175). The amounts included for 2013 reflect the annualized level provided by the continuing resolution.

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–4050–0–3–352 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0801 Limitation on inspection and weighing services 54 50 50

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 18 14 16
Budget authority:
Spending authority from offsetting collections, mandatory:
1800 Collected 48 52 50
1801 Change in uncollected payments, Federal sources 2



1850 Spending auth from offsetting collections, mand (total) 50 52 50
1930 Total budgetary resources available 68 66 66
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 14 16 16

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 4 7 1
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 54 50 50
3020 Outlays (gross) –51 –56 –50



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 7 1 1
Uncollected payments:
3060 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, brought forward, Oct 1 –5 –7 –7
3070 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired –2



3090 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, end of year –7 –7 –7
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year –1 –6
3200 Obligated balance, end of year –6 –6

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Mandatory:
4090 Budget authority, gross 50 52 50
Outlays, gross:
4100 Outlays from new mandatory authority 48 50 50
4101 Outlays from mandatory balances 3 6



4110 Outlays, gross (total) 51 56