DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION

Office of Elementary and Secondary Education

Federal Funds

Accelerating Achievement and Ensuring Equity

Note.—A full-year 2013 appropriation for this account was not enacted at the time the budget was prepared; therefore, the budget assumes this account is operating under the Continuing Appropriations Resolution, 2013 (P.L. 112–175). The amounts included for 2013 reflect the annualized level provided by the continuing resolution.

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0900–0–1–501 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Grants to local educational agencies 14,490 14,548 10,841
0002 School improvement grants 534 1,069
0003 Striving readers 160 161
0004 State agency programs 444 454
0005 Evaluation 3 3
0006 Special programs for migrant students 37 37
0007 High school graduation initiative 49 49



0900 Total new obligations 15,717 16,321 10,841

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 543 549
1021 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations 1



1050 Unobligated balance (total) 544 549
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 4,910 4,931
1130 Appropriations permanently reduced –9



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 4,901 4,931
Advance appropriations, discretionary:
1170 Advance appropriation 10,841 10,841 10,841
1173 Advance appropriations permanently reduced –20



1180 Advanced appropriation, discretionary (total) 10,821 10,841 10,841
1900 Budget authority (total) 15,722 15,772 10,841
1930 Total budgetary resources available 16,266 16,321 10,841
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 549

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 12,788 11,373 10,271
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 15,717 16,321 10,841
3011 Obligations incurred, expired accounts 1
3020 Outlays (gross) –17,112 –17,423 –16,488
3040 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, unexpired –1
3041 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, expired –20



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 11,373 10,271 4,624
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year 12,788 11,373 10,271
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 11,373 10,271 4,624

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 15,722 15,772 10,841
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 7,545 8,826 8,456
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 9,567 8,597 8,032



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 17,112 17,423 16,488
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 15,722 15,772 10,841
4190 Outlays, net (total) 17,112 17,423 16,488

Summary of Budget Authority and Outlays (in millions of dollars)


2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Enacted/requested:
Budget Authority 15,722 15,772 10,841
Outlays 17,112 17,423 16,488
Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO:
Budget Authority 4,002
Outlays 80
Total:
Budget Authority 15,722 15,772 14,843
Outlays 17,112 17,423 16,568

SUMMARY OF PROGRAM LEVEL (in millions of dollars)


2012–2013 Academic Year 2013–2014 Academic Year 2014–2015 Academic Year

New Budget Authority $4,900 $4,931 $4,002

Advance appropriation 10,841 10,841 11,682




Total program level 15,741 15,772 15,684



Change in advance appropriation from the previous year 0 0 +8411

1To account for the Administration's ESEA reauthorization proposal, the 2014 Budget eliminates the $1.7 billion advance appropriation that was previously in the Education Improvement Programs account and replaces it with corresponding increases to advance appropriations in the Accelerating Achievement and Ensuring Equity account ($841 million) and the Special Education account ($841 million). Total advance appropriations in the Department of Education remain $22.6 billion.

The Administration is proposing legislation reauthorizing programs included in the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA), including programs in this account. Consistent with this reauthorization proposal, the Budget proposes to realign programs in ESEA accounts. When new authorizing legislation is enacted, resources will be requested for these programs. See the "Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO" schedule for additional details.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0900–0–1–501 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Direct obligations:
25.1 Advisory and assistance services 5 6
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 23 29
41.0 Grants, subsidies, and contributions 15,689 16,286 10,841



99.9 Total new obligations 15,717 16,321 10,841

Accelerating Achievement and Ensuring Equity

(Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0900–2–1–501 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Grants to local educational agencies 2,835
0002 School turnaround grants 659
0003 State agency programs 443
0004 Homeless children and youth education 65



0900 Total new obligations 4,002

Budgetary Resources:
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 4,002



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 4,002
1900 Budget authority (total) 4,002
1930 Total budgetary resources available 4,002

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 4,002
3020 Outlays (gross) –80



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 3,922
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 3,922

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 4,002
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 80
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 4,002
4190 Outlays, net (total) 80

The resources in this schedule are proposed for later transmittal under proposed legislation to reauthorize the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965.

College- and career-ready students (formerly Grants to local educational agencies)._Funds would be allocated via formula for programs that provide academic support to help students in high-poverty schools meet college- and career-ready standards. States would assess annually all students in certain grades in at least English language arts and mathematics, and use the results of these assessments to measure local educational agency (LEA) and school progress in ensuring that all students are meeting, or are on track to meet, college- and career-ready standards; to inform families about whether their children are meeting or are on track to meet such standards; and to develop appropriate improvement and support strategies for schools and LEAs. States would establish systems for differentiating among schools and LEAs on the basis of performance, including recognition and rewards for highly effective schools and LEAs, the implementation of rigorous school intervention models in the lowest-achieving schools, and State-approved, research-based interventions in low-performing schools that are not serving their students well.

School turnaround grants._Funds would primarily support formula grants to States to help LEAs turn around their lowest-achieving schools by implementing rigorous school intervention models. In general, such schools would rank in the bottom five percent of performance in their States based on proficiency rates and lack of progress or, in the case of high schools, have a graduation rate below 60 percent. Once States have served their lowest-achieving schools, funds could be used for other school improvement and support efforts in eligible schools. Funds also would support competitive grants to LEAs to build local capacity to support school turnaround efforts and sustain successful turnarounds following the end of the grant period.

State agency migrant program._Funds would support formula grants to States for educational services to children of migratory farmworkers and fishers, with resources and services focused on children who have moved within the past 36 months.

State agency neglected and delinquent children and youth education program._Funds would support formula grants to States for educational services to neglected or delinquent children and youth in State-run institutions, attending community day programs, and in other correctional facilities.

Homeless children and youth education._Funds would support formula grants to States to provide educational and support services that enable homeless children and youth to attend and achieve success in school.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0900–2–1–501 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Direct obligations:
25.1 Advisory and assistance services 5
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 23
41.0 Grants, subsidies, and contributions 3,974



99.9 Total new obligations 4,002

School Readiness

For carrying out activities authorized by part D of title V of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965, $750,000,000 for a preschool development grants program: Provided, That the Secretary shall make competitive grants to States to carry out activities that support high-quality preschool programs for children from families at or below 200 percent of the Federal poverty line: Provided further: That the Secretary may permit or require States to subgrant a portion of grant funds to local educational agencies, or local educational agencies in partnership with other early learning providers, for the implementation of high-quality preschool programs for children from families at or below 200 percent of the Federal poverty line: Provided further, That up to 5 percent of such funds for competitive grants shall be available for national activities.

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0015–0–1–501 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Preschool development grants 750



0900 Total new obligations (object class 41.0) 750

Budgetary Resources:
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 750



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 750
1930 Total budgetary resources available 750

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 750
3020 Outlays (gross) –38



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 712
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 712

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 750
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 38
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 750
4190 Outlays, net (total) 38

Summary of Budget Authority and Outlays (in millions of dollars)


2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Enacted/requested:
Budget Authority 750
Outlays 38
Legislative proposal, subject to PAYGO:
Budget Authority 1,300
Outlays 130
Total:
Budget Authority 2,050
Outlays 168

Preschool development grants._Funds would support grants to States to carry out the activities needed to ensure that every State willing to commit to expanding preschool access has the high-quality programs required to successfully serve four-year-old children. The Department would provide competitive grants to States with preschool systems at various stages of development that are planning to provide universal access to high-quality preschool for four-year-old children from low and moderate income families.

School Readiness

(Legislative proposal, subject to PAYGO)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0015–4–1–501 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Preschool for all 1,300



0900 Total new obligations (object class 41.0) 1,300

Budgetary Resources:
Budget authority:
Appropriations, mandatory:
1200 Appropriation 1,300



1260 Appropriations, mandatory (total) 1,300
1930 Total budgetary resources available 1,300

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 1,300
3020 Outlays (gross) –130



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 1,170
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 1,170

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Mandatory:
4090 Budget authority, gross 1,300
Outlays, gross:
4100 Outlays from new mandatory authority 130
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 1,300
4190 Outlays, net (total) 130

Preschool for all._Funds would support grants to States for the implementation of high-quality preschool programs that are aligned with elementary and secondary education systems. The Department would share costs with States to provide universal access to high-quality preschool for children from low and moderate income families and provide incentives for States to serve additional children from middle-class families.

Impact Aid

Note.—A full-year 2013 appropriation for this account was not enacted at the time the budget was prepared; therefore, the budget assumes this account is operating under the Continuing Appropriations Resolution, 2013 (P.L. 112–175). The amounts included for 2013 reflect the annualized level provided by the continuing resolution.

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0102–0–1–501 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Basic support payments 1,154 1,161
0002 Payments for children with disabilities 48 49



0091 Direct program activities, subtotal 1,202 1,210
0101 Facilities maintenance 6 5 4
0201 Construction 17 17
0301 Payments for Federal property 67 67



0900 Total new obligations (object class 41.0) 1,275 1,299 21

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 4 21 21
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 1,294 1,299
1130 Appropriations permanently reduced –2



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 1,292 1,299
1930 Total budgetary resources available 1,296 1,320 21
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 21 21

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 484 454 323
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 1,275 1,299 21
3011 Obligations incurred, expired accounts 440
3020 Outlays (gross) –1,305 –1,430 –221
3041 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, expired –440



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 454 323 123
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year 484 454 323
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 454 323 123

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 1,292 1,299
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 1,048 1,151
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 257 279 221



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 1,305 1,430 221
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 1,292 1,299
4190 Outlays, net (total) 1,305 1,430 221

Summary of Budget Authority and Outlays (in millions of dollars)


2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Enacted/requested:
Budget Authority 1,292 1,299
Outlays 1,305 1,430 221
Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO:
Budget Authority 1,224
Outlays 1,084
Total:
Budget Authority 1,292 1,299 1,224
Outlays 1,305 1,430 1,305

The Administration is proposing legislation reauthorizing the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA), including programs in this account. Consistent with this reauthorization proposal, the Budget proposes to realign programs in ESEA accounts. When new authorizing legislation is enacted, resources will be requested for these programs. See the "Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO" schedule for additional details.

Impact Aid

(Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0102–2–1–501 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Basic support payments 1,154
0002 Payments for children with disabilities 48



0091 Direct program activities, subtotal 1,202
0101 Facilities maintenance 5
0201 Construction 17



0900 Total new obligations (object class 41.0) 1,224

Budgetary Resources:
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 1,224



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 1,224
1930 Total budgetary resources available 1,224

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 1,224
3020 Outlays (gross) –1,084



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 140
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 140

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 1,224
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 1,084
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 1,224
4190 Outlays, net (total) 1,084

The resources in this schedule are proposed for later transmittal under proposed legislation to reauthorize the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965.

Impact Aid helps to replace the lost local revenue that would otherwise be available to educate federally connected children. The presence of certain students living on Federal property, such as students who are military dependents or who reside on Indian lands, can place a financial burden on local educational agencies (LEAs) that educate them. The property on which the children live and their parents work is exempt from local property taxes, denying local educational agencies access to the primary source of revenue used by most communities to finance education.

Basic support payments._Payments will be made on behalf of approximately 950,000 federally connected students enrolled in about 1,200 LEAs to assist them in meeting their operation and maintenance costs. Average per-student payments will be approximately $1,200.

Payments for children with disabilities._Payments in addition to those provided under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) will be provided on behalf of approximately 55,000 federally connected students with disabilities in about 900 LEAs. Average per-student payments will be approximately $900.

Facilities maintenance._Funds will be used to provide emergency repairs for school facilities that serve military dependents and are owned by the Department of Education. Funds will also be used to transfer the facilities to LEAs.

Construction._Approximately 12 construction grants will be awarded competitively to the highest-need Impact Aid LEAs for emergency repairs and modernization of school facilities.

Education Improvement Programs

For carrying out school improvement activities authorized by section 203 of the Educational Technical Assistance Act of 2002; the Compact of Free Association Amendments Act of 2003; and the Civil Rights Act of 1964, $75,694,000, of which $51,113,000 shall be available to carry out section 203 of the Educational Technical Assistance Act of 2002: Provided, That $17,619,000 shall be available to carry out the Supplemental Education Grants program for the Federated States of Micronesia and the Republic of the Marshall Islands: Provided further, That the Secretary of Education may reserve up to 5 percent of the amount referred to in the previous proviso to provide technical assistance in the implementation of the Supplemental Education Grants program.

Note.—A full-year 2013 appropriation for this account was not enacted at the time the budget was prepared; therefore, the budget assumes this account is operating under the Continuing Appropriations Resolution, 2013 (P.L. 112–175). The amounts included for 2013 reflect the annualized level provided by the continuing resolution.

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–1000–0–1–501 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Improving teacher quality State grants 2,450 2,473 1,730
0002 Mathematics and science partnerships 148 152
0003 21st century community learning centers 1,150 1,173
0004 State assessments 389 403
0005 Education for homeless children and youth 65 66
0006 Education for Native Hawaiians 34 34
0007 Alaska Native education equity 33 33
0008 Training and advisory services 7 7 7
0009 Rural education 179 180
0010 Supplemental education grants 18 18 18
0011 Comprehensive centers 51 51 51
0012 Project SERV 1 1



0900 Total new obligations 4,525 4,591 1,806

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 62 79 50
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 2,869 2,881 76
1130 Appropriations permanently reduced –5



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 2,864 2,881 76
Advance appropriations, discretionary:
1170 Advance appropriation 1,681 1,681 1,681
1173 Advance appropriations permanently reduced –3



1180 Advanced appropriation, discretionary (total) 1,678 1,681 1,681
1900 Budget authority (total) 4,542 4,562 1,757
1930 Total budgetary resources available 4,604 4,641 1,807
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 79 50 1

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 5,568 5,103 5,045
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 4,525 4,591 1,806
3020 Outlays (gross) –4,950 –4,649 –4,496
3041 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, expired –40



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 5,103 5,045 2,355
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year 5,568 5,103 5,045
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 5,103 5,045 2,355

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 4,542 4,562 1,757
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 880 1,093 1,011
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 4,070 3,556 3,485



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 4,950 4,649 4,496
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 4,542 4,562 1,757
4190 Outlays, net (total) 4,950 4,649 4,496

Summary of Budget Authority and Outlays (in millions of dollars)


2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Enacted/requested:
Budget Authority 4,542 4,562 1,757
Outlays 4,950 4,649 4,496
Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO:
Budget Authority 1,000
Outlays 20
Total:
Budget Authority 4,542 4,562 2,757
Outlays 4,950 4,649 4,516

SUMMARY OF PROGRAM LEVEL (in millions of dollars)


2012–2013 Academic Year 2013–2014 Academic Year 2014–2015 Academic Year

New Budget Authority $2,863 $2,881 $1,076

Advance Appropriation 1,681 1,681 0




Total program level 4,544 4,562 1,076



Change in advance appropriation over previous year +3 0 –16811

1To account for the Administration's ESEA reauthorization proposal, the 2014 Budget eliminates the $1.7 billion advance appropriation that was previously in the School Improvement Programs account (renamed the Education Improvement Programs account) and replaces it with corresponding increases to advance appropriations in the Education for the Disadvantaged account ($841 million, renamed the Accelerating Achievement and Ensuring Equity account) and the Special Education account ($841 million). Total advance appropriations in the Department of Education remain $22.6 billion.

The Administration is proposing legislation reauthorizing the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA), including programs in this account. Consistent with this reauthorization proposal, the Budget proposes to realign programs in ESEA accounts. When new authorizing legislation is enacted, resources will be requested for these programs. See the "Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO" schedule for additional details.

Training and advisory services._Funds support grants to regional equity assistance centers that provide technical assistance to local educational agencies (LEAs) in addressing educational equity related to issues of race, gender, and national origin.

Supplemental education grants._Funds support grants to the Federated States of Micronesia and to the Republic of the Marshall Islands in place of grant programs in which those Freely Associated States no longer participate pursuant to the Compact of Free Association Amendments Act of 2003.

Comprehensive centers._Funds support at least 22 comprehensive centers that focus on building State capacity to help school districts and schools meet the requirements of the ESEA.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–1000–0–1–501 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Direct obligations:
25.1 Advisory and assistance services 3 54
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 20 25 2
25.7 Operation and maintenance of equipment 2 148
41.0 Grants, subsidies, and contributions 4,500 4,364 1,804



99.9 Total new obligations 4,525 4,591 1,806

Education Improvement Programs

(Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–1000–2–1–501 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Effective teaching and learning for a complete education 263
0003 College pathways and accelerated learning 102
0004 Assessing achievement 389
0005 Rural education 179
0006 Native Hawaiian student education 34
0007 Alaska Native student education 33



0900 Total new obligations 1,000

Budgetary Resources:
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 1,000



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 1,000
1930 Total budgetary resources available 1,000

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 1,000
3020 Outlays (gross) –20



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 980
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 980

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 1,000
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 20
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 1,000
4190 Outlays, net (total) 20

The resources in this schedule are proposed for later transmittal under proposed legislation to reauthorize the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965.

Effective teaching and learning: literacy._Funds would support competitive grants to States to support the development and implementation of comprehensive State and local efforts to provide high-quality literacy programs, aligned with college- and career-ready English-language arts standards, for students from preschool through grade 12.

Effective teaching and learning for a well-rounded education._Funds would support competitive grants to States and high-need LEAs to develop and expand innovative practices to improve teaching and learning in the arts, health education, foreign languages, civics and government, history, geography, environmental education, economics, financial literacy, and other subjects.

College pathways and accelerated learning._Funds would support competitive grants to high-need LEAs for programs that prepare students to enter and succeed in college by providing college-level and other accelerated courses and instruction in middle and high schools as well as accelerated learning opportunities in elementary schools.

Assessing achievement._Funds would support formula and competitive grants to States to develop and implement assessments that are aligned with college- and career-ready academic standards.

Rural education._Funds would support formula grants under two programs: the Small, Rural School Achievement program and the Rural and Low-Income School program. The Small, Rural School Achievement program provides rural LEAs with small enrollments with additional formula funds. Funds under the Rural and Low-Income School program, which targets rural LEAs that serve concentrations of poor students, are allocated by formula to States, which in turn allocate funds to eligible LEAs.

Native Hawaiian student education._Funds would support competitive grants to public and private entities to develop or operate innovative projects that enhance the educational services provided to Native Hawaiian children and adults.

Alaska Native student education._Funds would support competitive grants to LEAs and other public and private organizations to develop or operate innovative projects that enhance the educational services provided to Alaska Native children and adults.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–1000–2–1–501 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Direct obligations:
25.1 Advisory and assistance services 22
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 2
41.0 Grants, subsidies, and contributions 976



99.9 Total new obligations 1,000

Supporting Student Success

Note.—A full-year 2013 appropriation for this account was not enacted at the time the budget was prepared; therefore, the budget assumes this account is operating under the Continuing Appropriations Resolution, 2013 (P.L. 112–175). The amounts included for 2013 reflect the annualized level provided by the continuing resolution.

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0203–0–1–501 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Safe and drug-free schools and communities national activities 66 71
0002 Elementary and secondary school counseling 52 53
0003 Physical education program 79 79
0004 Promise neighborhoods 30 62 58



0500 Direct program activities, subtotal 227 265 58



0799 Total direct obligations 227 265 58
0803 Reimbursable program activity 6 2



0900 Total new obligations 233 267 58

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 37 65 58
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 256 258



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 256 258
Spending authority from offsetting collections, discretionary:
1700 Collected 7 2
1701 Change in uncollected payments, Federal sources –2



1750 Spending auth from offsetting collections, disc (total) 5 2
1900 Budget authority (total) 261 260
1930 Total budgetary resources available 298 325 58
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 65 58

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 641 483 354
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 233 267 58
3020 Outlays (gross) –370 –396 –279
3041 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, expired –21



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 483 354 133
Uncollected payments:
3060 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, brought forward, Oct 1 –2
3070 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired 2
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year 639 483 354
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 483 354 133

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 261 260
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 1 5
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 369 391 279



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 370 396 279
Offsets against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (collected) from:
4030 Federal sources –7 –2
Additional offsets against gross budget authority only:
4050 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired 2



4070 Budget authority, net (discretionary) 256 258
4080 Outlays, net (discretionary) 363 394 279
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 256 258
4190 Outlays, net (total) 363 394 279

Summary of Budget Authority and Outlays (in millions of dollars)


2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Enacted/requested:
Budget Authority 256 258
Outlays 363 394 279
Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO:
Budget Authority 1,832
Outlays 37
Total:
Budget Authority 256 258 1,832
Outlays 363 394 316

The Administration is proposing legislation reauthorizing the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA), including programs in this account. Consistent with this reauthorization proposal, the Budget proposes to realign programs in ESEA accounts. When new authorizing legislation is enacted, resources will be requested for these programs. See the "Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO" schedule for additional details.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0203–0–1–501 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Direct obligations:
25.1 Advisory and assistance services 2 7
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 3 11
25.3 Other goods and services from Federal sources 1
41.0 Grants, subsidies, and contributions 223 246 58



99.0 Direct obligations 228 265 58
99.0 Reimbursable obligations 5 2



99.9 Total new obligations 233 267 58

Supporting Student Success

(Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0203–2–1–501 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Promise neighborhoods 300
0002 Successful, safe, and healthy students 280
0003 21st Century community learning centers 1,252



0500 Direct program activities, subtotal 1,832



0900 Total new obligations 1,832

Budgetary Resources:
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 1,832



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 1,832
1930 Total budgetary resources available 1,832

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 1,832
3020 Outlays (gross) –37



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 1,795
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 1,795

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 1,832
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 37
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 1,832
4190 Outlays, net (total) 37

The resources in this schedule are proposed for later transmittal under proposed legislation to reauthorize the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965.

Promise neighborhoods._Funds would support competitive grants and other activities for projects designed to improve significantly the educational and developmental outcomes of children within the Nation's most distressed communities, with the goal of transforming those communities so that all children in the community have access to a cradle-through-college-to-career continuum of academic programs and community supports, including effective schools and services. Promise Neighborhoods is also a central component of the Administration's new Promise Zones—high-poverty communities where the Federal government will engage more directly with local leaders to break down barriers and help them access the resources and expertise they need to create jobs, leverage private investment, increase economic activity, reduce violence, and expand educational opportunities.

Successful, safe, and healthy students._Funds would support competitive grants and other activities to assist States, local educational agencies (LEAs), and partnerships between LEAs and non-profit organizations or local government entities in improving school climate; reducing or preventing drug use, violence, bullying, or harassment; and promoting and supporting the physical and mental well-being of students so that schools are safe, healthy, and drug-free environments. Funds would also support a variety of school safety initiatives that are proposed in the President's plan to protect our children and our communities by reducing gun violence, including efforts to improve school emergency plans, create positive school climates, and counter the effects of pervasive violence on students.

21st century community learning centers._Funds would support competitive grants to States, LEAs, non-profit organizations, or local governmental entities for projects that provide the additional time, support, and enrichment activities needed to improve student achievement, including projects that support expanding learning time by significantly increasing the number of hours in a regular school schedule and by comprehensively redesigning the school schedule for all students in a school. Projects could also provide teachers the time they need to collaborate, plan, and engage in professional development within and across grades and subjects. The additional funds requested in fiscal year 2014 reflect the Administration's commitment to increasing this program's support for State and local efforts to implement high-quality expanded learning time.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0203–2–1–501 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Direct obligations:
25.1 Advisory and assistance services 14
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 22
25.3 Other goods and services from Federal sources 2
41.0 Grants, subsidies, and contributions 1,794



99.9 Total new obligations 1,832

Indian Student Education

Note.—A full-year 2013 appropriation for this account was not enacted at the time the budget was prepared; therefore, the budget assumes this account is operating under the Continuing Appropriations Resolution, 2013 (P.L. 112–175). The amounts included for 2013 reflect the annualized level provided by the continuing resolution.

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0101–0–1–501 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Grants to local educational agencies 106 107
0002 Special programs for Indian children 19 19
0003 National activities 6 6



0900 Total new obligations 131 132

Budgetary Resources:
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 131 132



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 131 132
1930 Total budgetary resources available 131 132

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 134 140 153
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 131 132
3020 Outlays (gross) –123 –119 –124
3041 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, expired –2



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 140 153 29
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year 134 140 153
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 140 153 29

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 131 132
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 2 7
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 121 112 124



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 123 119 124
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 131 132
4190 Outlays, net (total) 123 119 124

Summary of Budget Authority and Outlays (in millions of dollars)


2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Enacted/requested:
Budget Authority 131 132
Outlays 123 119 124
Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO:
Budget Authority 131
Outlays 7
Total:
Budget Authority 131 132 131
Outlays 123 119 131

The Administration is proposing legislation reauthorizing the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA), including programs in this account. Consistent with this reauthorization proposal, the Budget proposes to realign programs in ESEA accounts. When new authorizing legislation is enacted, resources will be requested for these programs. See the "Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO" schedule for additional details.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0101–0–1–501 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Direct obligations:
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 5 6
41.0 Grants, subsidies, and contributions 126 126



99.9 Total new obligations 131 132

Indian Student Education

(Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0101–2–1–501 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Grants to local educational agencies 106
0002 Special programs for Indian children 19
0003 National activities 6



0900 Total new obligations 131

Budgetary Resources:
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 131



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 131
1930 Total budgetary resources available 131

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 131
3020 Outlays (gross) –7



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 124
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 124

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 131
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 7
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 131
4190 Outlays, net (total) 7

The resources in this schedule are proposed for later transmittal under proposed legislation to reauthorize the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965.

The Indian Education programs support the efforts of local educational agencies (LEA) and tribal schools to improve teaching and learning for the Nation's American Indian and Alaska Native children.

Grants to local educational agencies._Formula grants support LEAs in their efforts to reform elementary and secondary school programs that serve Indian students, with the goal of ensuring that such programs assist participating students in meeting the same academic standards as all other students.

Special programs for Indian children._Funds support competitive awards for demonstration projects in early childhood education and college preparation, as well as professional development grants for training Native American teachers and administrators for employment in school districts with concentrations of Indian students.

National activities._Funds support research, evaluation, data collection, and related activities.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0101–2–1–501 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Direct obligations:
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 6
41.0 Grants, subsidies, and contributions 125



99.9 Total new obligations 131

American Jobs Act

(Legislative proposal, subject to PAYGO)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0702–4–1–501 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Teacher stabilization 12,500



0900 Total new obligations (object class 41.0) 12,500

Budgetary Resources:
Budget authority:
Appropriations, mandatory:
1200 Appropriation 12,500



1260 Appropriations, mandatory (total) 12,500
1930 Total budgetary resources available 12,500

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 11,875
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 12,500
3020 Outlays (gross) –625 –11,875



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 11,875
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year 11,875
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 11,875

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Mandatory:
4090 Budget authority, gross 12,500
Outlays, gross:
4100 Outlays from new mandatory authority 625
4101 Outlays from mandatory balances 11,875



4110 Outlays, gross (total) 625 11,875
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 12,500
4190 Outlays, net (total) 625 11,875

Teacher stabilization._Funds would support formula grants to States to retain, rehire, and hire early childhood, elementary, and secondary educators, including teachers, guidance counselors, classroom assistants, after-school personnel, tutors, and literacy and math coaches.._

Education Jobs Fund

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0012–0–1–501 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 3,713 229
3020 Outlays (gross) –3,484 –229



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 229
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year 3,713 229
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 229

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Mandatory:
Outlays, gross:
4101 Outlays from mandatory balances 3,484 229
4190 Outlays, net (total) 3,484 229

Amounts in the schedule reflect balances that are spending out from a prior-year appropriation.

State Fiscal Stabilization Fund, Recovery Act

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–1909–0–1–999 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 5,456 3,865 2,000
3020 Outlays (gross) –1,591 –1,865 –1,000



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 3,865 2,000 1,000
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year 5,456 3,865 2,000
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 3,865 2,000 1,000

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
Outlays, gross:
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 1,591 1,865 1,000
4190 Outlays, net (total) 1,591 1,865 1,000

Amounts in this schedule reflect balances that are spending out from a prior-year appropriation.

Office of Innovation and Improvement

Federal Funds

Innovation and Instructional Teams

Note.—A full-year 2013 appropriation for this account was not enacted at the time the budget was prepared; therefore, the budget assumes this account is operating under the Continuing Appropriations Resolution, 2013 (P.L. 112–175). The amounts included for 2013 reflect the annualized level provided by the continuing resolution.

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0204–0–1–501 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Race to the top 704 552 545
0002 Investing in innovation 153 150 144
0003 Teacher incentive fund 299 301
0004 Transition to teaching 26 26
0005 School leadership 29 29
0006 Charter schools grants 244 248
0007 Credit enhancement for charter school facilities 11 8
0008 Magnet schools assistance 97 100
0009 Advanced placement 30 27
0010 Ready-to-learn television 27 27
0011 FIE programs of national significance 41 41
0012 Arts in education 25 25



0100 Total direct program 1,686 1,534 689



0799 Total direct obligations 1,686 1,534 689
0801 Reimbursable program activity 22 100 52



0900 Total new obligations 1,708 1,634 741

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 847 726 689
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 1,530 1,537
1130 Appropriations permanently reduced –3



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 1,527 1,537
Spending authority from offsetting collections, discretionary:
1700 Collected 60 60 52



1750 Spending auth from offsetting collections, disc (total) 60 60 52
1900 Budget authority (total) 1,587 1,597 52
1930 Total budgetary resources available 2,434 2,323 741
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 726 689

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 2,216 2,909 2,938
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 1,708 1,634 741
3020 Outlays (gross) –956 –1,605 –2,196
3041 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, expired –59



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 2,909 2,938 1,483
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year 2,216 2,909 2,938
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 2,909 2,938 1,483

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 1,587 1,597 52
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 5 79 3
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 951 1,526 2,193



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 956 1,605 2,196
Offsets against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (collected) from:
4033 Non-Federal sources –60 –60 –52
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 1,527 1,537
4190 Outlays, net (total) 896 1,545 2,144

Summary of Budget Authority and Outlays (in millions of dollars)


2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Enacted/requested:
Budget Authority 1,527 1,537
Outlays 896 1,545 2,144
Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO:
Budget Authority 5,335
Outlays 267
Legislative proposal, subject to PAYGO:
Budget Authority 5,000
Outlays 100 2,650
Total:
Budget Authority 1,527 6,537 5,335
Outlays 896 1,645 5,061

The Administration is proposing legislation reauthorizing the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA), including the programs in this account. Consistent with this reauthorization proposal, the Budget proposes to realign programs in ESEA accounts. When new authorizing legislation is enacted, resources will be requested for these programs. See the "Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO" schedule for additional details.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0204–0–1–501 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Direct obligations:
25.1 Advisory and assistance services 4 38
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 26 26
25.5 Research and development contracts 3 4
41.0 Grants, subsidies, and contributions 1,653 1,466 689



99.0 Direct obligations 1,686 1,534 689
99.0 Reimbursable obligations 22 100 52



99.9 Total new obligations 1,708 1,634 741

Innovation and Instructional Teams

(Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0204–2–1–501 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Race to the top 1,000
0002 Investing in innovation 215
0003 Science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) innovation 415
0004 High school transformation 300
0005 Effective teachers and leaders State grants 2,466
0006 School leadership 98
0007 Teacher and leader innovation fund 400
0008 Expanding educational options 295
0009 Magnet schools assistance 100
0010 FIE programs of national significance 46



0100 Total direct program 5,335



0900 Total new obligations 5,335

Budgetary Resources:
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 5,335



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 5,335
1930 Total budgetary resources available 5,335

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 5,335
3020 Outlays (gross) –267



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 5,068
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 5,068

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 5,335
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 267
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 5,335
4190 Outlays, net (total) 267

The resources in this schedule are proposed for later transmittal under proposed legislation to reauthorize the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965.

Race to the top._Funds would support a College Affordability and Completion initiative that would provide grants to States demonstrating a commitment to undertake reforms in the following key areas: sustaining fiscal support for higher education while modernizing funding policies to constrain costs and improve outcomes; removing barriers preventing the creation of innovative methods of student learning and degree pathways; empowering consumer choice through increased transparency; and smoothing transitions into college and between institutions of higher education.

Investing in innovation._Funds would support grants to local educational agencies (LEAs) or to nonprofit organizations in consortium with one or more schools or LEAs to develop and expand innovative strategies and practices that have been shown to be effective in improving educational outcomes for students. A portion of the funds would be used to launch the Advanced Research Projects Agency—Education, which would pursue breakthrough developments in educational technologies and other strategies for raising achievement.

STEM innovation networks._Funds would support competitive grants to consortia of LEAs in partnership with institutions of higher education, businesses, science agencies, or other entities. These public-private partnerships would harness local, regional, and national resources to transform STEM teaching and learning by implementing innovative evidence-based practices that improve teacher recruitment, preparation, and professional development and student engagement. Funds would also support a STEM Master Teacher Corps, and a STEM Virtual Learning Network, a robust online community to inform and guide the field in adopting the most effective practices for improving teaching and learning.

Effective teaching and learning: science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM)._Funds would support grants to States to implement comprehensive strategies to improve the teaching and learning of STEM subjects.

High school transformation._Funds would support competitive grants to transform teaching and learning in high schools by encouraging partnerships among LEAs, postsecondary institutions, businesses, and non-profits to prepare students for college and career. Grantees would leverage new and existing federal, state, and local resources to create learning models that are rigorous, relevant, and better focused on real-world experiences while incorporating personalized learning, work- and project-based learning, and career and college exploration.

Effective teachers and leaders State grants._Funds would support formula grants to States and LEAs to promote and enhance the teaching profession; recruit, prepare, develop, reward, and retain effective and highly effective teachers, principals, and other school leaders and foster excellent instructional teams, especially in high-need LEAs, schools, fields, and subjects; ensure the equitable distribution of effective and highly effective teachers and principals; increase the effectiveness of teachers and principals; strengthen teacher and principal evaluation systems; ensure that teachers have the knowledge, skills, data, support, and collaborative opportunities needed to be effective in the classroom; and improve the management of the education workforce in States and LEAs. The Department would reserve up to 25 percent of the appropriation for this program to build evidence on how to best recruit, train, and support effective teachers and school leaders and invest in efforts to enhance the teaching and leadership professions.

School leadership._Funds would support competitive grants to States, high-need LEAs, nonprofit organizations, and institutions of higher education, to assist high-need LEAs in recruiting and training principals (including assistant principals) through such activities as professional development programs in leading the transition to college- and career-ready standards, evaluating and providing feedback to teachers, developing school leadership teams, and creating a positive school climate.

Teacher and leader innovation fund._Funds would support competitive grants to States and LEAs willing to implement bold approaches to improving the effectiveness of the education workforce in high-need schools and districts by creating the conditions needed to identify, reward, retain, and advance effective teachers, principals, and school leadership teams in those schools, and enabling schools to build the strongest teams possible.

Expanding educational options._Funds would support competitive grants to States, charter school authorizers, charter management organizations, LEAs, and other nonprofit organizations to start or expand high-performing charter and other autonomous public schools in high-need areas.

Magnet schools assistance._Funds would support competitive grants to LEAs to establish and operate magnet school programs that are part of an approved desegregation plan.

Fund for the improvement of education: programs of national significance._Funds would support nationally significant projects to improve the quality of elementary and secondary education, including an interagency initiative to strengthen services provided to disconnected youth and continuation of efforts to improve the quality, analysis, and reporting of elementary and secondary education performance data. Funds would also go towards a joint evidence-based math initiative with the National Science Foundation.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0204–2–1–501 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Direct obligations:
25.1 Advisory and assistance services 40
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 672
25.5 Research and development contracts 4
41.0 Grants, subsidies, and contributions 4,619



99.9 Total new obligations 5,335

Innovation and Instructional Teams

(Legislative proposal, subject to PAYGO)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0204–4–1–501 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Recognizing educational success, professional excellence, and collaborative teaching (RESPECT) 5,000



0100 Total direct program 5,000



0900 Total new obligations (object class 41.0) 5,000

Budgetary Resources:
Budget authority:
Appropriations, mandatory:
1200 Appropriation 5,000



1260 Appropriations, mandatory (total) 5,000
1930 Total budgetary resources available 5,000

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 4,900
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 5,000
3020 Outlays (gross) –100 –2,650



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 4,900 2,250
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year 4,900
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 4,900 2,250

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Mandatory:
4090 Budget authority, gross 5,000
Outlays, gross:
4100 Outlays from new mandatory authority 100
4101 Outlays from mandatory balances 2,650



4110 Outlays, gross (total) 100 2,650
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 5,000
4190 Outlays, net (total) 100 2,650

Recognizing educational success, professional excellence, and collaborative teaching (RESPECT)._Funds would support reforms at each stage of the teaching profession.

Office of English Language Acquisition

Federal Funds

English Learner Education

Note.—A full-year 2013 appropriation for this account was not enacted at the time the budget was prepared; therefore, the budget assumes this account is operating under the Continuing Appropriations Resolution, 2013 (P.L. 112–175). The amounts included for 2013 reflect the annualized level provided by the continuing resolution.

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–1300–0–1–501 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 English language acquisition grants 726 742 10

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 8 15 10
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 734 737
1130 Appropriations permanently reduced –1



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 733 737
1930 Total budgetary resources available 741 752 10
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 15 10

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 1,040 1,035 1,013
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 726 742 10
3020 Outlays (gross) –727 –764 –728
3041 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, expired –4



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 1,035 1,013 295
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year 1,040 1,035 1,013
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 1,035 1,013 295

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 733 737
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 7 7
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 720 757 728



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 727 764 728
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 733 737
4190 Outlays, net (total) 727 764 728

Summary of Budget Authority and Outlays (in millions of dollars)


2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Enacted/requested:
Budget Authority 733 737
Outlays 727 764 728
Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO:
Budget Authority 732
Outlays 7
Total:
Budget Authority 733 737 732
Outlays 727 764 735

The Administration is proposing legislation reauthorizing the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA), including programs in this account. Consistent with this reauthorization proposal, the Budget proposes to realign programs in ESEA accounts. When new authorizing legislation is enacted, resources will be requested for these programs. See the "Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO" schedule for additional details.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–1300–0–1–501 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Direct obligations:
25.1 Advisory and assistance services 1 4
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 2 2
25.7 Operation and maintenance of equipment 1
41.0 Grants, subsidies, and contributions 722 736 10



99.9 Total new obligations 726 742 10

English Learner Education

(Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–1300–2–1–501 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 English language acquisition grants 732

Budgetary Resources:
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 732



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 732
1930 Total budgetary resources available 732

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 732
3020 Outlays (gross) –7



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 725
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 725

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 732
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 7
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 732
4190 Outlays, net (total) 7

The resources in this schedule are proposed for later transmittal under proposed legislation to reauthorize the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965.

Language acquisition State grants._This program provides formula grants to States to improve services for English Learners. States are accountable for demonstrating that English Learners are making progress toward proficiency in English and meeting the same high State academic standards as all other students. Funds also support national activities, including professional development, evaluation, a national information clearinghouse on English language acquisition, and technical assistance to grantees and funding for demonstration projects to replicate proven practices.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–1300–2–1–501 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Direct obligations:
25.1 Advisory and assistance services 3
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 2
41.0 Grants, subsidies, and contributions 727



99.9 Total new obligations 732

Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services

Federal Funds

Special Education

For carrying out the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act ("IDEA'') and the Special Olympics Sport and Empowerment Act of 2004, $12,657,307,000, of which $2,289,108,000 shall become available on July 1, 2014, and shall remain available through September 30, 2015, and of which $10,124,103,000 shall become available on October 1, 2014, and shall remain available through September 30, 2015, for academic year 2014–2015: Provided, That the amount for section 611(b)(2) of the IDEA shall be equal to the lesser of the amount available for that activity during fiscal year 2013, increased by the amount of inflation as specified in section 619(d)(2)(B) of the IDEA, or the percent change in the funds appropriated under section 611(i) of the IDEA, but not less than the amount for that activity during fiscal year 2013: Provided further, That the Secretary shall, without regard to section 611(d) of the IDEA, distribute to all other States (as that term is defined in section 611(g)(2)), subject to the third proviso, any amount by which a State's allocation under section 611(d), from funds appropriated under this heading, is reduced under section 612(a)(18)(B), according to the following: 85 percent on the basis of the States' relative populations of children aged 3 through 21 who are of the same age as children with disabilities for whom the State ensures the availability of a free appropriate public education under this part, and 15 percent to States on the basis of the States' relative populations of those children who are living in poverty: Provided further, That the Secretary may not distribute any funds under the previous proviso to any State whose reduction in allocation from funds appropriated under this heading made funds available for such a distribution: Provided further, That the States shall allocate such funds distributed under the second proviso to local educational agencies in accordance with section 611(f): Provided further, That the amount by which a State's allocation under section 611(d) of the IDEA is reduced under section 612(a)(18)(B) and the amounts distributed to States under the previous provisos in fiscal year 2012 or any subsequent year shall not be considered in calculating the awards under section 611(d) for fiscal year 2013 or for any subsequent fiscal years: Provided further, that the Secretary may, notwithstanding section 643(e)(1) of the IDEA, reserve up to $2,710,000 of the amount provided under section 644 for incentive grants to States to carry out section 635(c): Provided further, that funds made available for the Special Olympics Sport and Empowerment Act of 2004 may be used to support expenses associated with the Special Olympics National and World Games: Provided further, That the funds reserved under section 611(c) may be used to provide technical assistance to States to improve the capacity of the States to meet the data collection requirements of sections 616 and 618 and to administer and carry out other services and activities to improve data collection, coordination, quality, and use under Parts B and C of the IDEA: Provided further, That the level of effort a local educational agency must meet under section 613(a)(2)(A)(iii) of the IDEA, in the year after it fails to maintain effort is the level of effort that would have been required in the absence of that failure and not the LEA's reduced level of expenditures: Provided further, That the Secretary may use funds made available for the State Personnel Development Grants program under Part D, subpart 1 of IDEA to evaluate program performance.

Note.—A full-year 2013 appropriation for this account was not enacted at the time the budget was prepared; therefore, the budget assumes this account is operating under the Continuing Appropriations Resolution, 2013 (P.L. 112–175). The amounts included for 2013 reflect the annualized level provided by the continuing resolution.

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0300–0–1–501 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Grants to States 10,868 11,615 10,737
0002 Preschool grants 373 375 372
0003 Grants for infants and families 364 523 462



0091 Subtotal, State grants 11,605 12,513 11,571
0101 State personnel development 44 44 45
0102 Technical assistance and dissemination 55 55 47
0103 Personnel preparation 88 89 86
0104 Parent information centers 29 29 29
0105 Technology and media services 30 30 30



0191 Subtotal, National activities 246 247 237



0200 Total Direct Program 11,851 12,760 11,808
0201 Special Olympics education programs 8
0203 PROMISE: Promoting Readiness of Minors in SSI 4



0291 Direct program activities, subtotal 4 8



0900 Total new obligations 11,851 12,764 11,816

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 20 103
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 3,364 3,378 2,533
1130 Appropriations permanently reduced –6



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 3,358 3,378 2,533
Advance appropriations, discretionary:
1170 Advance appropriation (Advance appropriated in previous year) 8,592 9,283 9,283
1173 Advance appropriations permanently reduced –16



1180 Advanced appropriation, discretionary (total) 8,576 9,283 9,283
1900 Budget authority (total) 11,934 12,661 11,816
1930 Total budgetary resources available 11,954 12,764 11,816
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 103

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 8,634 6,946 6,577
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 11,851 12,764 11,816
3011 Obligations incurred, expired accounts 3
3020 Outlays (gross) –13,530 –13,133 –13,204
3041 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, expired –12



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 6,946 6,577 5,189
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year 8,634 6,946 6,577
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 6,946 6,577 5,189

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 11,934 12,661 11,816
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 5,648 7,620 7,621
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 7,882 5,513 5,583



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 13,530 13,133 13,204
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 11,934 12,661 11,816
4190 Outlays, net (total) 13,530 13,133 13,204

SUMMARY OF GRANTS TO STATES PROGRAM LEVEL [in millions of dollars]


2012–2013 Academic Year 2013–2014 Academic Year 2014–2015 Academic Year

Current Budget Authority $2,295 $2,309 $1,454

Advance appropriation 9,283 9,283 10,124




Total program level 11,578 11,592 11,578



Change in advance appropriation from the previous year 707 0 8411

1To account for the Administration's ESEA reauthorization proposal, the 2014 Budget eliminates the $1.7 billion advance appropriation that was previously in the School Improvement Programs account (renamed the Education Improvement Programs account) and replaces it with corresponding increases to advance appropriations in the Education for the Disadvantaged ($841 million, renamed the Accelerating Achievement and Ensuring Equity account) and Special Education ($841 million) accounts. Total advance appropriations in the Department of Education remain the same at $22.6 billion.

State Grants:

Grants to States._Formula grants are provided to States to assist them in providing special education and related services to children with disabilities ages 3 through 21.

Preschool grants._Formula grants provide additional funds to States to further assist them in providing special education and related services to children with disabilities ages 3 through 5 served under the Grants to States program.
The goal of both of these programs is to improve results for children with disabilities by assisting State and local educational agencies to provide children with disabilities with access to high quality education that will help them meet challenging standards and prepare them for employment and independent living.

Grants for infants and families._Formula grants are provided to assist States to implement statewide systems of coordinated, comprehensive, multi-disciplinary interagency programs to provide early intervention services to children with disabilities, birth through age 2, and their families.
The goal of this program is to help States provide a comprehensive system of early intervention services that will enhance child and family outcomes.

National activities._These activities include personnel preparation and development, technical assistance, and other activities to support State efforts to improve results for children with disabilities under the State Grants programs.
The goal of National Activities is to link States, school systems, and families to best practices to improve results for infants, toddlers, and children with disabilities.

Special Olympics education programs._This program funds activities that promote the expansion of the Special Olympics and the design and implementation of Special Olympics education programs.
Performance data related to program goals include:


2008–2009 actual 2009–2010 actual 2010–2011 actual


Status of Exiting Students

Percent / number of students with disabilities aged 14–21 exiting special education:
Graduated with a diploma 35.7% / 247,299 37.9% / 256,102 39.7% / 255,801
Graduated through certification 8.9% / 61,508 8.9% / 60,001 9.2% / 58,946
Transferred to regular education 9.6% / 66,364 9.9% / 66,920 9.5% / 61,243
Dropped out of school/not known to continue 13.2% / 91,318 12.8% / 86,327 12.6% / 80,927
Moved, but known to have continued in education 31.6% / 219,020 29.6% / 199,899 28.1% / 181,618

Reached maximum age for services/other .9% / 6,112 .8% / 5,071 .8% / 5,245



Total 100% / 691,621 100% / 674,320 100% / 643,780

Note-Percentages may not add to 100% due to rounding.Note-Previous versions of this table did not contain the categories "Transferred to regular education" and "Moved, but known to have continued in education." The Department of Education revised its data collection forms to include these additional items, which track additional students with disabilities ages 14 and older who leave special education, and are mutually exclusive with other categories included in this table. Because this is the case, the percentages reported in this table are not comparable with percentages reported in the same table in previous years.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0300–0–1–501 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Direct obligations:
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 5 5 5
25.3 Other goods and services from Federal sources 2
41.0 Grants, subsidies, and contributions 11,846 12,757 11,811



99.9 Total new obligations 11,851 12,764 11,816

Rehabilitation Services and Disability Research

For carrying out, to the extent not otherwise provided, the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, the Assistive Technology Act of 1998, and the Helen Keller National Center Act, $3,655,577,000, of which $3,302,053,000 shall be for grants for vocational rehabilitation services under Title I of the Rehabilitation Act: Provided, That funds available for the Vocational Rehabilitation State Grants program may be used to pay the continuation costs of grants awarded under section 304 of the Rehabilitation Act: Provided further, That no State's allocation under the Vocational Rehabilitation State Grants program shall be less than the total amount allocated to the State in fiscal year 2013 under sections 110(a) and 622(a) of the Rehabilitation Act: Provided further, That section 302(g)(3) of the Rehabilitation Act shall not apply to funds provided under section 302 of such Act: Provided further, That the Secretary may use amounts provided in this Act that remain available subsequent to the reallotment of funds to States pursuant to section 110(b) of the Rehabilitation Act for innovative activities aimed at improving the outcomes of individuals with disabilities as defined in section 7(20)(B) of the Rehabilitation Act, including activities aimed at improving the education and post-school outcomes of children receiving Supplemental Security Income (SSI) and their families that may result in long-term improvement in the SSI child recipient's economic status and self-sufficiency: Provided further, That States may award subgrants for a portion of the funds to other public and private, non-profit entities: Provided further, That any funds made available subsequent to reallotment for innovative activities aimed at improving the outcomes of individuals with disabilities shall remain available until September 30, 2015: Provided further, That not to exceed $20,000,000 of the amounts made available in the fourth proviso may be used for performance-based awards for Pay for Success projects: Provided further, That, with respect to the previous proviso, any funds obligated for such projects shall remain available for disbursement until expended, notwithstanding 31 U.S.C. 1552(a): Provided further, That, with respect to the sixth proviso, any deobligated funds from such projects shall immediately be available for programs authorized under the Rehabilitation Act.

Note.—A full-year 2013 appropriation for this account was not enacted at the time the budget was prepared; therefore, the budget assumes this account is operating under the Continuing Appropriations Resolution, 2013 (P.L. 112–175). The amounts included for 2013 reflect the annualized level provided by the continuing resolution.

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0301–0–1–506 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Vocational rehabilitation State grants 3,027 3,231 3,302
0002 Client assistance State grants 12 13 12
0003 Supported employment State grants 29 29
0004 Migrant and seasonal farmworkers 1 1
0005 Training 36 36 30
0006 Demonstration and training programs 5 5 6
0007 Independent living 137 138 137
0008 Protection and advocacy of individual rights 18 18 18
0009 National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research 109 109 110
0011 Helen Keller National Center 9 9 9
0012 Assistive technology 33 33 31
0013 PROMISE 95



0100 Total direct program 3,416 3,717 3,655



0799 Total direct obligations 3,416 3,717 3,655
0801 Reimbursable program 2 2 2



0900 Total new obligations 3,418 3,719 3,657

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1012 Unobligated balance transfers between expired and unexpired accounts 95



1050 Unobligated balance (total) 95
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 390 391 353
1130 Appropriations permanently reduced –1



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 389 391 353
Appropriations, mandatory:
1200 Appropriation 3,122 3,231 3,302



1260 Appropriations, mandatory (total) 3,122 3,231 3,302
Spending authority from offsetting collections, discretionary:
1700 Collected 2 2 2



1750 Spending auth from offsetting collections, disc (total) 2 2 2
1900 Budget authority (total) 3,513 3,624 3,657
1930 Total budgetary resources available 3,513 3,719 3,657
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1940 Unobligated balance expiring –95

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 2,336 2,364 2,129
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 3,418 3,719 3,657
3011 Obligations incurred, expired accounts 2
3020 Outlays (gross) –3,377 –3,954 –4,174
3041 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, expired –15



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 2,364 2,129 1,612
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year 2,336 2,364 2,129
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 2,364 2,129 1,612

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 391 393 355
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 85 247 223
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 375 342 188



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 460 589 411
Offsets against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (collected) from:
4030 Federal sources –2 –2 –2
Mandatory:
4090 Budget authority, gross 3,122 3,231 3,302
Outlays, gross:
4100 Outlays from new mandatory authority 1,387 2,036 2,080
4101 Outlays from mandatory balances 1,530 1,329 1,683



4110 Outlays, gross (total) 2,917 3,365 3,763
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 3,511 3,622 3,655
4190 Outlays, net (total) 3,375 3,952 4,172

Vocational rehabilitation State grants._The basic State grants program provides Federal matching funds to State vocational rehabilitation (VR) agencies to assist individuals with physical or mental impairments to become gainfully employed. Services are tailored to the specific needs of the individual. Priority is given to serving those with the most significant disabilities. Current law requires that between 1.0 percent and 1.5 percent of the funds appropriated for the VR State grants program be set aside for Grants for Indians.
The program performance measures for this program are based on State VR agency performance indicators developed pursuant to Section 106 of the Rehabilitation Act. One of these indicators measures the percentage of general and combined State VR agencies that assist at least 55.8 percent of individuals receiving services to achieve an employment outcome. In 2011, 54 percent of the agencies met this performance criterion. Another indicator measures the percentage of general and combined State VR agencies that assist at least 85 percent of individuals with employment outcomes to achieve competitive employment. In 2011, 93 percent of general and combined agencies met this performance criterion. These outcome data are based on the approximately 330,570 individuals whose service records were closed in 2011 after receiving services.
The request for the VR State Grants program includes the CPIU adjustment specified in the authorizing statute, which would more than offset the reduction in funds resulting from the Administration's proposal to eliminate separate funding authorities for the smaller VR-related programs under the Rehabilitation Act in order to reduce duplication of effort and administrative costs, streamline program administration at the Federal and local level, and improve efficiency and accountability. The FY 2014 request also includes language that would allow the Secretary to use amounts provided in this Act for the VR State Grants program that remain available subsequent to the reallotment of funds to States pursuant to section 110(b) of the Rehabilitation Act to support innovative activities aimed at improving outcomes for individuals with disabilities, including activities under the Promoting Readiness of Minors in Supplemental Security Income (PROMISE) program. A portion of these funds may be used for Pay for Success bonds to engage social investors, the Federal Government, and a State or local community to collaboratively finance effective interventions.

Client assistance State grants._Formula grants are made to States to provide assistance in informing and advising clients and applicants about benefits available under the Rehabilitation Act and, if requested, to pursue legal or administrative remedies to ensure the protection of the rights of individuals with disabilities.

Training._Grants are made to States and public or nonprofit agencies and organizations, including institutions of higher education, to increase the number of skilled personnel available for employment in the field of rehabilitation and to upgrade the skills of those already employed. The Administration's proposal would eliminate funds currently provided to State VR agencies to support in-service training for agency personnel under section 302(g)(3) of the Training program ($5.327 million) as these agencies are able to use VR State Grant funds for training State agency personnel. This proposal would eliminate the administrative costs involved in making small grants each year to State VR agencies under the Training program and improve the efficiency of training delivered under the Rehabilitation Act.

Demonstration and training programs._Competitive grants and contracts are awarded to expand and improve the provision and effectiveness of programs and services authorized under the Rehabilitation Act or further the purposes of the Act in promoting the employment and independence of individuals with disabilities in the community. Funds are used to support model demonstrations, technical assistance, and projects designed to improve program performance and the delivery of vocational rehabilitation and independent living services.

Independent living._Grants are awarded to States and consumer-controlled nonprofit organizations to assist individuals with significant disabilities in their achievement of self-determined independent living goals. Grants are also awarded to provide support services to older blind individuals to increase their ability to care for their own needs.

Protection and advocacy of individual rights._Formula grants are made to State protection and advocacy systems to protect the legal and human rights of individuals with disabilities.

National institute on disability and rehabilitation research._The Institute carries out a comprehensive and coordinated program of rehabilitation research and related activities. Through grants and contracts, it supports the conduct and dissemination of research and development aimed at improving the lives of individuals with disabilities. The Institute also promotes the development and utilization of new technologies to assist these individuals in achieving greater independence and integration into society. Funds would also be used to conduct rigorous evaluations of programs and activities authorized under the Rehabilitation Act.

Helen Keller national center for deaf blind youths and adults._The Center provides services to deaf-blind youths and adults and provides training and technical assistance to professional and allied personnel at its national headquarters center and through its regional representatives and affiliate agencies.

Assistive technology._Assistive Technology (AT) programs support AT State formula grants to implement comprehensive Statewide programs designed to maximize the ability of individuals with disabilities of all ages to obtain assistive technology. States conduct activities that include alternative financing programs, device reutilization programs, device loan programs, and device demonstrations. Formula grants are also provided under the AT Protection and Advocacy program to systems established under the Developmental Disabilities Assistance and Bill of Rights Act for protection and advocacy services to assist individuals with disabilities of all ages. Funds also support national technical assistance activities for these formula grant programs.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0301–0–1–506 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Direct obligations:
25.1 Advisory and assistance services 8 6 6
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 1 1
25.3 Other goods and services from Federal sources 1
41.0 Grants, subsidies, and contributions 3,407 3,710 3,648



99.0 Direct obligations 3,416 3,717 3,655
99.0 Reimbursable obligations 2 2 2



99.9 Total new obligations 3,418 3,719 3,657

Special Institutions for Persons With Disabilities

american printing house for the blind

For carrying out the Act of March 3, 1879, $24,505,000.

Note.—A full-year 2013 appropriation for this account was not enacted at the time the budget was prepared; therefore, the budget assumes this account is operating under the Continuing Appropriations Resolution, 2013 (P.L. 112–175). The amounts included for 2013 reflect the annualized level provided by the continuing resolution.

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0600–0–1–501 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 American printing house for the blind 25 25 25



0900 Total new obligations (object class 41.0) 25 25 25

Budgetary Resources:
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 25 25 25



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 25 25 25
1930 Total budgetary resources available 25 25 25

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 7 7 2
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 25 25 25
3020 Outlays (gross) –25 –30 –26



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 7 2 1
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year 7 7 2
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 7 2 1

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 25 25 25
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 18 24 24
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 7 6 2



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 25 30 26
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 25 25 25
4190 Outlays, net (total) 25 30 26

The Federal appropriation supports: the production and distribution of free educational materials for students below the college level who are blind, research related to developing and improving products, and advisory services to consumer organizations on the availability and use of materials. In 2012, the portion of the Federal appropriation allocated to educational materials represented approximately 70 percent of the Printing House's total sales. The full 2012 appropriation represented approximately 86 percent of the Printing House's total budget.

National Technical Institute for the Deaf

For the National Technical Institute for the Deaf under titles I and II of the Education of the Deaf Act of 1986, $65,422,000, of which $2,000,000, to remain available until expended, shall be for construction: Provided, That from the total amount available, the Institute may at its discretion use funds for the endowment program as authorized under section 207 of such Act.

Note.—A full-year 2013 appropriation for this account was not enacted at the time the budget was prepared; therefore, the budget assumes this account is operating under the Continuing Appropriations Resolution, 2013 (P.L. 112–175). The amounts included for 2013 reflect the annualized level provided by the continuing resolution.

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0601–0–1–502 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Operations 65 67 63
0002 Construction 2



0900 Total new obligations (object class 41.0) 65 67 65

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 1
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 66 66 65



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 66 66 65
1930 Total budgetary resources available 66 67 65
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 1

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 65 67 65
3020 Outlays (gross) –65 –67 –63



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 2
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 2

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 66 66 65
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 65 66 63
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 1



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 65 67 63
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 66 66 65
4190 Outlays, net (total) 65 67 63

This residential program provides postsecondary technical and professional education for people who are deaf to prepare them for employment, provides training, and conducts applied research into employment-related aspects of deafness. In 2012, the Federal appropriation represented approximately 70 percent of the Institute's operating budget. The 2014 request includes funds for the support of a deferred maintenance account. The 2014 request also includes funds that may be used for the Endowment Grant program.

Gallaudet University

For the Kendall Demonstration Elementary School, the Model Secondary School for the Deaf, and the partial support of Gallaudet University under titles I and II of the Education of the Deaf Act of 1986, $117,541,000: Provided, That from the total amount available, the University may at its discretion use funds for the endowment program as authorized under section 207 of such Act.

Note.—A full-year 2013 appropriation for this account was not enacted at the time the budget was prepared; therefore, the budget assumes this account is operating under the Continuing Appropriations Resolution, 2013 (P.L. 112–175). The amounts included for 2013 reflect the annualized level provided by the continuing resolution.

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0602–0–1–502 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Operations 118 118 118
0002 Construction 8 8



0900 Total new obligations (object class 41.0) 126 126 118

Budgetary Resources:
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 126 126 118



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 126 126 118
1930 Total budgetary resources available 126 126 118

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 9 17 13
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 126 126 118
3020 Outlays (gross) –118 –130 –125



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 17 13 6
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year 9 17 13
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 17 13 6

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 126 126 118
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 117 119 118
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 1 11 7



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 118 130 125
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 126 126 118
4190 Outlays, net (total) 118 130 125

This institution provides undergraduate, continuing education, and graduate programs related to deafness for students who are deaf and hard of hearing. The University also conducts basic and applied research and provides public service programs for persons who are deaf and persons who work with them.

Gallaudet operates the Laurent Clerc National Deaf Education Center, which includes two elementary and secondary education programs on the main campus of the University. The Kendall Demonstration Elementary School serves students who are deaf from infancy through age 15, and the Model Secondary School for the Deaf (MSSD) serves high school age students who are deaf. The Clerc Center also develops and disseminates information on effective educational techniques and strategies for teachers and professionals working with students who are deaf or hard of hearing.

In 2012, the appropriation for Gallaudet represented approximately 68 percent of total revenue for the University. Approximately 25 percent of the Federal appropriation was used to support activities at the Clerc Center, which received nearly 100 percent of its revenue through the appropriation. In addition, the University receives other Federal funds such as student financial aid, vocational rehabilitation, Endowment Grant program income, and competitive grants and contracts. The 2014 request includes funds that may be used for the Endowment Grant program.

Office of Vocational and Adult Education

Federal Funds

Career, Technical, and Adult Education

For carrying out, to the extent not otherwise provided, the Adult Education and Family Literacy Act (referred to in this Act as the "AEFLA''), $609,295,000, which shall become available on July 1, 2014, and shall remain available through September 30, 2015: Provided, That of the amount provided for Adult Education State Grants, $74,709,000 shall be made available for integrated English literacy and civics education services to immigrants and other limited-English-proficient populations: Provided further, That of the amount reserved for integrated English literacy and civics education, notwithstanding section 211 of the AEFLA, 65 percent shall be allocated to States based on a State's absolute need as determined by calculating each State's share of a 10-year average of the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services data for immigrants admitted for legal permanent residence for the 10 most recent years, and 35 percent allocated to States that experienced growth as measured by the average of the 3 most recent years for which United States Citizenship and Immigration Services data for immigrants admitted for legal permanent residence are available, except that no State shall be allocated an amount less than $60,000: Provided further, That, of the amounts made available for AEFLA, $14,302,000 shall be for national leadership activities under section 243.

Note.—A full-year 2013 appropriation for this account was not enacted at the time the budget was prepared; therefore, the budget assumes this account is operating under the Continuing Appropriations Resolution, 2013 (P.L. 112–175). The amounts included for 2013 reflect the annualized level provided by the continuing resolution.

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0400–0–1–501 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Obligations by program activity:
Career and technical education:
0001 State grants 1,122 1,125 791
0002 National programs 8 8



0091 Total, Career and technical education 1,130 1,133 791
Adult education:
0101 State grants 595 599 595
0102 National leadership activities 11 11 14



0191 Total, adult education 606 610 609



0900 Total new obligations 1,736 1,743 1,400

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 31 31 31
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 948 952 609
1130 Appropriations permanently reduced –2



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 946 952 609
Advance appropriations, discretionary:
1170 Advance appropriation from prior year 791 791 791
1173 Advance appropriations permanently reduced –1



1180 Advanced appropriation, discretionary (total) 790 791 791
Spending authority from offsetting collections, discretionary:
1700 Collected 1
1701 Change in uncollected payments, Federal sources –1
1900 Budget authority (total) 1,736 1,743 1,400
1930 Total budgetary resources available 1,767 1,774 1,431
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 31 31 31

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 1,607 1,470 1,444
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 1,736 1,743 1,400
3011 Obligations incurred, expired accounts 5
3020 Outlays (gross) –1,867 –1,769 –1,462
3041 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, expired –11



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 1,470 1,444 1,382
Uncollected payments:
3060 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, brought forward, Oct 1 –1
3070 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired 1
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year 1,606 1,470 1,444
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 1,470 1,444 1,382

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 1,736 1,743 1,400
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 590 624 599
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 1,277 1,145 863



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 1,867 1,769 1,462
Offsets against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (collected) from:
4030 Federal sources –1
Additional offsets against gross budget authority only:
4050 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired 1



4070 Budget authority, net (discretionary) 1,736 1,743 1,400
4080 Outlays, net (discretionary) 1,866 1,769 1,462
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 1,736 1,743 1,400
4190 Outlays, net (total) 1,866 1,769 1,462

Summary of Budget Authority and Outlays (in millions of dollars)


2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Enacted/requested:
Budget Authority 1,736 1,743 1,400
Outlays 1,866 1,769 1,462
Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO:
Budget Authority 350
Outlays 18
Total:
Budget Authority 1,736 1,743 1,750
Outlays 1,866 1,769 1,480

SUMMARY OF PROGRAM LEVEL

(in millions of dollars)


2011–12 Academic Year 2012–13 Academic Year 2013–14 Academic Year

New Budget Authority $946 $952 $959

Advance Appropriation 790 791 791




Total program level 1,736 1,743 1,750



Change in advance appropriation over previous year –1 +1 0

The Administration is proposing legislation reauthorizing the Carl D. Perkins Career and Technical Education Act of 2006, including programs in this account. When new authorizing legislation is enacted, resources will be requested for these programs. See the "Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO" schedule for additional details.

Adult education:

State programs._Funds support formula grants to States to help eliminate functional illiteracy among the Nation's adults, to assist adults in obtaining a high school diploma or its equivalent, and to promote family literacy. A portion of the funds is reserved for formula grants to States to provide English literacy and civics education for immigrants and other limited English proficient adults.

National leadership activities._Funds support discretionary activities to evaluate the effectiveness of Federal, State, and local adult education programs, and to test and demonstrate methods of improving program quality.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0400–0–1–501 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Direct obligations:
25.1 Advisory and assistance services 2
25.5 Research and development contracts 15 13 13
41.0 Grants, subsidies, and contributions 1,721 1,728 1,387



99.9 Total new obligations 1,736 1,743 1,400

Career, Technical and Adult Education

(Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0400–2–1–501 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Obligations by program activity:
Career and technical education:
0001 State grants 332
0002 National programs 18



0900 Total new obligations 350

Budgetary Resources:
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 350



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 350
1900 Budget authority (total) 350
1930 Total budgetary resources available 350

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 350
3020 Outlays (gross) –18



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 332
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 332

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 350
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 18
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 350
4190 Outlays, net (total) 18

The resources in this schedule are proposed for later transmittal under proposed legislation to reauthorize the Carl D. Perkins Career and Technical Education Act of 2006.

Career and Technical Education:

State grants._Funds would support formula grants to States for programs that focus on improving the academic achievement and career and technical skills of secondary and postsecondary students. Funds would also support projects to promote innovation in career and technical education.

National programs._Funds would support discretionary activities to support research, evaluation, data collection, technical assistance, and other national leadership activities aimed at improving the quality and effectiveness of career and technical education.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0400–2–1–501 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Direct obligations:
25.1 Advisory and assistance services 12
25.5 Research and development contracts 3
41.0 Grants, subsidies, and contributions 335



99.9 Total new obligations 350

Office of Postsecondary Education

Federal Funds

Higher Education

For carrying out, to the extent not otherwise provided, titles III, IV, V, VI, VII, and VIII of the HEA, the Mutual Educational and Cultural Exchange Act of 1961, and section 117 of the Carl D. Perkins Career and Technical Education Act of 2006, $2,182,799,000: Provided, That $67,607,000 shall be used for data collection, evaluation, research, and demonstration activities relating to programs under the HEA, including activities that are designed to test approaches for providing grant, loan, or work assistance under title IV of the HEA in ways that promote access to, and completion of, affordable and high-quality postsecondary education programs: Provided further, That the Secretary may use funds under the preceding proviso for the costs of postsecondary tuition, fees, textbooks, and related costs for students enrolled in postsecondary courses who are participating in evaluation, research, and demonstration activities funded under the preceding proviso: Provided further, That, notwithstanding any other provision of law, funds made available in this Act to carry out title VI of the HEA and section 102(b)(6) of the Mutual Educational and Cultural Exchange Act of 1961 may be used to support visits and study in foreign countries by individuals who are participating in advanced foreign language training and international studies in areas that are vital to United States national security and who plan to apply their language skills and knowledge of these countries in the fields of government, the professions, or international development: Provided further, That, of the funds referred to in the preceding proviso up to 1 percent may be used for program evaluation, national outreach, and information dissemination activities: Provided further, That funds available for part B of title VII may be used for continuation awards authorized under subpart 2 of part D of title VII: Provided further, That up to $75,000,000 of the funds made available under this Act for part B of title VII may be used: (1) to support projects to develop third-party validation systems that identify competencies, assessments, and curricula for particular fields; or (2) for performance-based awards or other agreements under the Pay for Success program: Provided further, That, with respect to the preceding proviso, any funds obligated for such projects or agreements shall remain available for disbursement until expended, notwithstanding 31 U.S.C. 1552(a), and that any funds deobligated from such projects or agreements shall immediately be available for part B of title VII: Provided further, That, with respect to the second preceding proviso, the Secretary may award funds to the types of entities listed in section 741(a) or any other type of entity that the Secretary identifies in the notice inviting applications for such awards: Provided further, That up to $100,000,000 of the funds made available under this Act for part B of title VII shall be used for awards to develop, implement, and evaluate interventions to help high school students, particularly from low-income families, successfully transition to and succeed in higher education: Provided further, That, of the amount available under subpart 2 of part A of title VII of the HEA, the Secretary may use up to $1,485,000 to fund continuation awards for projects originally supported under subpart 1 of part A of title VII of the HEA: Provided further, That up to 1.5 percent of the funds made available under chapter 2 of subpart 2 of part A of title IV may be used for evaluation.

Note.—A full-year 2013 appropriation for this account was not enacted at the time the budget was prepared; therefore, the budget assumes this account is operating under the Continuing Appropriations Resolution, 2013 (P.L. 112–175). The amounts included for 2013 reflect the annualized level provided by the continuing resolution.

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0201–0–1–502 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Strengthening institutions 81 81 81
0002 Strengthening tribally controlled colleges and universities 56 56 56
0003 Strengthening Alaska Native and Native Hawaiian-serving institutions 25 28 28
0004 Strengthening historically Black colleges and universities 313 314 313
0005 Strengthening historically Black graduate institutions 59 59 59
0006 Masters degree programs for HBCUs and predominantly Black institutions 12 12 12
0007 Strengthening predominantly Black institutions 24 24 24
0008 Strengthening Asian American and Native American Pacific Islander-serving institutions 8 8 8
0009 Strengthening Native American-serving nontribal institutions 8 8 8
0010 Minority science and engineering improvement 9 10 9



0091 Subtotal, aid for institutional development 595 600 598
0101 Developing Hispanic-serving institutions 100 101 100
0102 Developing Hispanic-serving institution STEM and articulation programs 100 100 100
0103 Promoting baccalaureate opportunities for Hispanic Americans 21 21 21
0104 International education and foreign language studies 74 74 81
0105 Fund for the Improvement of Postsecondary Education 3 4 260
0106 Model transition programs for students with intellectual disabilities into higher education 11 11
0107 Tribally controlled postsecondary vocational and technical institutions 8 8 8
0108 Special programs for migrant students 37



0191 Subtotal, other aid for institutions 317 319 607
0201 Federal TRIO programs 840 845 840
0202 Gaining early awareness and readiness for undergraduate programs (GEAR UP) 302 304 302
0204 Javits fellowships 8
0205 Graduate assistance in areas of national need 31 31 31
0208 Child care access means parents in school 16 16 16



0291 Subtotal, assistance for students 1,197 1,196 1,189
0302 Teacher quality partnerships 43 43
0303 GPRA data/HEA program evaluation 1 1 68
0305 College access challenge grants 128 150 150



0391 Subtotal, other higher education activities 172 194 218



0900 Total new obligations 2,281 2,309 2,612

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 10 3 3
1001 Discretionary unobligated balance brought fwd, Oct 1 10 3
1012 Unobligated balance transfers between expired and unexpired accounts 130 137 125



1050 Unobligated balance (total) 140 140 128
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 1,873 1,881 2,183
1130 Appropriations permanently reduced –4



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 1,869 1,881 2,183
Appropriations, mandatory:
1200 Appropriation 428 428 428



1260 Appropriations, mandatory (total) 428 428 428
Spending authority from offsetting collections, discretionary:
1700 Collected 1



1750 Spending auth from offsetting collections, disc (total) 1
1900 Budget authority (total) 2,298 2,309 2,611
1930 Total budgetary resources available 2,438 2,449 2,739
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1940 Unobligated balance expiring –154 –137 –125
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 3 3 2

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 3,461 3,361 3,243
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 2,281 2,309 2,612
3011 Obligations incurred, expired accounts 1
3020 Outlays (gross) –2,346 –2,427 –2,320
3041 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, expired –36



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 3,361 3,243 3,535
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year 3,461 3,361 3,243
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 3,361 3,243 3,535

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 1,870 1,881 2,183
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 33 56 65
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 1,938 1,858 1,816



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 1,971 1,914 1,881
Mandatory:
4090 Budget authority, gross 428 428 428
Outlays, gross:
4100 Outlays from new mandatory authority 13 13
4101 Outlays from mandatory balances 375 500 426



4110 Outlays, gross (total) 375 513 439
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 2,298 2,309 2,611
4190 Outlays, net (total) 2,346 2,427 2,320

Aid for institutional development:

Strengthening institutions._Funds support planning and development grants for improving academic programs and financial management at schools that enroll high proportions of disadvantaged students and have low per-student expenditures.

Strengthening tribally controlled colleges and universities._Discretionary and mandatory funds support grants to American Indian tribally controlled colleges and universities with scarce resources to enable them to improve and expand their capacity to serve students and to strengthen management and fiscal operations.

Strengthening Alaska Native and Native Hawaiian-serving institutions._Discretionary and mandatory funds support Alaska Native and Native Hawaiian-serving institutions to enable them to improve and expand their capacity to serve students and to strengthen management and fiscal operations.

Strengthening historically Black colleges and universities._Discretionary and mandatory funds support grants to help historically Black undergraduate institutions to improve and expand their capacity to serve students and to strengthen management and fiscal operations.

Strengthening historically Black graduate institutions._Funds support grants to help historically Black graduate institutions to improve and expand their capacity to serve students and to strengthen management and fiscal operations.

Master's degree programs at historically Black colleges and universities and predominantly Black institutions._Mandatory funds support Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs) and Predominantly Black Institutions (PBIs) to improve and expand their capacity to serve students and to strengthen management and fiscal operations.

Strengthening predominantly Black institutions._Discretionary and mandatory funds support grants to predominantly Black institutions to improve and expand their capacity to serve students.

Strengthening Asian American and Native American Pacific Islander-serving institutions._Discretionary and mandatory funds support grants to help Asian American and Native American Pacific Islander-serving institutions improve and expand their capacity to serve students and to strengthen management and fiscal operations.

Strengthening Native American-serving nontribal institutions._Discretionary and mandatory funds support grants to help Native American-serving nontribal institutions improve and expand their capacity to serve students and to strengthen management and fiscal operations.

Minority science and engineering improvement._Funds support grants to predominantly minority institutions to help them make long-range improvements in science and engineering education and to increase the participation of minorities in scientific and technological careers.
Aid for Hispanic-serving institutions:

Developing Hispanic-serving institutions._Funds support Hispanic-serving institutions to help them improve and expand their capacity to serve students.

Developing Hispanic-serving institutions STEM and articulation programs._Mandatory funds support Hispanic-serving institutions to help them improve and expand their capacity to serve students with priority given to applications that propose to increase the number of Hispanics and other low-income students attaining degrees in the fields of science, technology, engineering, or mathematics; and to develop model transfer and articulation agreements between 2-year Hispanic-serving institutions and 4-year institutions in such fields.

Promoting postbaccalaureate opportunities for Hispanic Americans._Discretionary and mandatory funds support Hispanic-serving Institutions to help them expand and improve postbaccalaureate educational opportunities.
Other aid for institutions:

International education and foreign language studies programs._Funds promote the development and improvement of domestic and overseas international and foreign language programs.

Fund for the improvement of postsecondary education._Funds would support the First in the World initiative, which would include an evidence-based competition with a priority for projects designed to improve college access and student success. Funds would also support development of third-party validation systems to facilitate competency-based learning in particular fields and Pay for Success awards that provide alternative pathways for postsecondary programs that can demonstrate good student outcomes to receive Federal funding.

Tribally controlled postsecondary career and technical institutions._Funds support the operation and improvement of eligible tribally controlled postsecondary career institutions to ensure continued and expanded educational opportunities for Indian students.

Special programs for migrant students._Funds support grants to institutions of higher education and nonprofit organizations that assist migrant students in earning a high school equivalency certificate or in completing their first year of college.

Assistance for students:

Federal TRIO programs._Funds support postsecondary education outreach and student support services to help individuals from disadvantaged backgrounds prepare for, enter, and complete college and graduate studies.

Gaining early awareness and readiness for undergraduate programs._Funds support early college preparation and awareness activities at the State and local levels to ensure that low-income elementary and secondary school students are prepared for and pursue postsecondary education.

Graduate assistance in areas of national need._Funds support fellowships to graduate students of superior ability who have financial need for study in areas of national need and continuation awards for Javits Fellowships to students of superior ability who have financial need and who are pursuing terminal degrees in the arts, humanities, and social sciences.

Child care access means parents in school._Funds support a program designed to bolster the participation of low-income parents in postsecondary education through the provision of campus-based child care services.
Other activities:

GPRA data/HEA program evaluation._Funds support data collection and evaluation activities for programs under the Higher Education Act (HEA) of 1965. The request for 2014 includes funds to conduct research and test approaches for providing grant, loan, or work assistance under title IV of the HEA in ways that promote access to, and completion of, affordable and high-quality postsecondary education programs.

College access challenge grants._Mandatory funds support grants to States to promote activities designed to increase the number of low-income students who are prepared to enter and succeed in postsecondary education.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0201–0–1–502 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Direct obligations:
25.1 Advisory and assistance services 3 6 73
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 4 5 4
25.3 Other goods and services from Federal sources 1
25.7 Operation and maintenance of equipment 1 1 1
41.0 Grants, subsidies, and contributions 2,272 2,297 2,534



99.9 Total new obligations 2,281 2,309 2,612

Higher Education

(Legislative proposal, subject to PAYGO)

Community college to career fund._Beginning in 2015, provides $8 billion ($4 billion each in the Departments of Labor and Education) over three years to support and evaluate community college-based training programs that build the skills of American workers, with a particular emphasis on initiatives with strong State and community college partnerships with businesses. The Fund will be jointly administered by the Departments of Labor and Education and is the successor to the Trade Adjustment Assistance Community College and Career Training program in the Department of Labor, for which 2014 is the final year of funding.

Howard University

For partial support of Howard University, $234,064,000, of which not less than $3,593,000 shall be for a matching endowment grant pursuant to the Howard University Endowment Act and shall remain available until expended.

Note.—A full-year 2013 appropriation for this account was not enacted at the time the budget was prepared; therefore, the budget assumes this account is operating under the Continuing Appropriations Resolution, 2013 (P.L. 112–175). The amounts included for 2013 reflect the annualized level provided by the continuing resolution.

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0603–0–1–502 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 General support 206 206 205
0002 Howard University Hospital 29 29 29



0900 Total new obligations (object class 41.0) 235 235 234

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 1
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 234 235 234



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 234 235 234
1930 Total budgetary resources available 235 235 234

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 4 5 15
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 235 235 234
3020 Outlays (gross) –234 –225 –234



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 5 15 15
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year 4 5 15
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 5 15 15

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 234 235 234
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 230 221 220
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 4 4 14



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 234 225 234
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 234 235 234
4190 Outlays, net (total) 234 225 234

Howard University is a private, nonprofit educational institution consisting of 12 schools and colleges. Federal funds are used to provide partial support for university programs as well as for the teaching hospital facilities. In 2012, Federal funding represented approximately 43 percent of the university's revenue.

College Housing and Academic Facilities Loans Program

For Federal administrative expenses to carry out activities related to existing facility loans pursuant to section 121 of the HEA, $459,000.

Historically Black College and University Capital Financing Program Account

For the cost of guaranteed loans, $20,150,000 as authorized pursuant to part D of title III of the HEA, which shall remain available through September 30, 2015: Provided, That such costs, including the cost of modifying such loans, shall be as defined in section 502 of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974: Provided further, That these funds are available to subsidize total loan principal, any part of which is to be guaranteed, not to exceed $320,350,000: Provided further, That these funds may be used to support loans to public and private Historically Black Colleges and Universities without regard to the limitations within section 344(a) of the HEA.

In addition, for administrative expenses to carry out the Historically Black College and University Capital Financing Program entered into pursuant to part D of title III of the HEA, $352,000.

Note.—A full-year 2013 appropriation for this account was not enacted at the time the budget was prepared; therefore, the budget assumes this account is operating under the Continuing Appropriations Resolution, 2013 (P.L. 112–175). The amounts included for 2013 reflect the annualized level provided by the continuing resolution.

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0241–0–1–502 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Obligations by program activity:
Credit program obligations:
0701 Direct loan subsidy 13 20 10
0703 Subsidy for modifications of direct loans 10
0705 Reestimates of direct loan subsidy 10 1
0706 Interest on reestimates of direct loan subsidy 2
0709 Administrative expenses 1 1
0715 Other 8



0900 Total new obligations (object class 41.0) 33 22 21

Budgetary Resources:
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 21 21 21



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 21 21 21
Appropriations, mandatory:
1200 Appropriation 12 1



1260 Appropriations, mandatory (total) 12 1
1900 Budget authority (total) 33 22 21
1930 Total budgetary resources available 33 22 21

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 28 35 37
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 33 22 21
3020 Outlays (gross) –26 –20 –19



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 35 37 39
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year 28 35 37
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 35 37 39

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 21 21 21
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 2 5 5
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 12 14 14



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 14 19 19
Mandatory:
4090 Budget authority, gross 12 1
Outlays, gross:
4100 Outlays from new mandatory authority 12 1
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 33 22 21
4190 Outlays, net (total) 26 20 19

Summary of Loan Levels, Subsidy Budget Authority and Outlays by Program (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0241–0–1–502 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Direct loan levels supportable by subsidy budget authority:
115002 Historically Black Colleges and Universities 235 318 320



115999 Total direct loan levels 235 318 320
Direct loan subsidy (in percent):
132002 Historically Black Colleges and Universities 5.50 6.29 3.09



132999 Weighted average subsidy rate 5.50 6.29 3.09
Direct loan subsidy budget authority:
133002 Historically Black Colleges and Universities 13 20 10



133999 Total subsidy budget authority 13 20 10
Direct loan subsidy outlays:
134002 Historically Black Colleges and Universities 14 7 11



134999 Total subsidy outlays 14 7 11
Direct loan upward reestimates:
135002 Historically Black Colleges and Universities 8 1
135003 HBCU Hurricane Supplemental 4



135999 Total upward reestimate budget authority 12 1
Direct loan downward reestimates:
137001 College housing and academic facilities loans –1
137002 Historically Black Colleges and Universities –20 –27
137003 HBCU Hurricane Supplemental –171



137999 Total downward reestimate budget authority –20 –199

Administrative expense data:
3510 Budget authority 1 1 1

As required by the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990, this account records the subsidy costs associated with the direct loans obligated and loan guarantees committed in 1992 and beyond, as well as any administrative expenses for the College Housing and Academic Facilities Loans Program and the Historically Black College and University Capital Financing Program. The subsidy amounts are estimated on a present value basis; the administrative expenses are on a cash basis. These programs are administered separately but consolidated in the Budget for presentation purposes.

College housing and academic facilities loans program._Funds for this activity pay the Federal costs of administering the College Housing and Academic Facilities Loans (CHAFL), College Housing Loans (CHL), and Higher Education Facilities Loans (HEFL) programs. Prior to 1994, these programs provided financing for the construction, reconstruction, and renovation of housing, academic, and other educational facilities. Although no new loans have been awarded since 1993, the Department of Education will incur costs for administering the outstanding loans through 2030.

Historically Black college and university capital financing program._The Historically Black College and University (HBCU) Capital Financing Program provides HBCUs with access to capital financing for the repair, renovation, and construction of classrooms, libraries, laboratories, dormitories, instructional equipment, and research instrumentation. The authorizing statute gives the Department authority to enter into insurance agreements with a private for-profit Designated Bonding Authority. The bonding authority issues the loans and maintains an escrow account in which 5 percent of each institution's principal is deposited. The Budget requests $20.150 million in new loan subsidies, allowing the program to guarantee an estimated $320 million in new loans in 2014. The Budget also requests a 2-year period of availability for this loan subsidy. In addition, the Budget requests funds for the Federal costs of administering the program and providing technical assistance activities that improve the financial stability of HBCUs.

Employment Summary


Identification code 91–0241–0–1–502 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

1001 Direct civilian full-time equivalent employment 4 4 4

College Housing and Academic Facilities Loans Financing Account

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–4252–0–3–502 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Obligations by program activity:
Credit program obligations:
0713 Payment of interest to Treasury 1 1 1
0743 Interest on downward reestimates 1



0900 Total new obligations 1 2 1

Budgetary Resources:
Financing authority:
Spending authority from offsetting collections, mandatory:
1800 Collected 1 2 1



1850 Spending auth from offsetting collections, mand (total) 1 2 1
1930 Total budgetary resources available 1 2 1

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 1 2 1
3020 Financing disbursements (gross) –1 –2 –1

Financing authority and disbursements, net:
Mandatory:
4090 Financing authority, gross 1 2 1
Financing disbursements:
4110 Financing disbursements, gross 1 2 1
Offsets against gross financing authority and disbursements:
Offsetting collections (collected) from:
4120 Federal sources –1
4123 Interest repayments –1 –1 –1



4130 Offsets against gross financing auth and disbursements (total) –1 –2 –1

Status of Direct Loans (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–4252–0–3–502 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Cumulative balance of direct loans outstanding:
1210 Outstanding, start of year 11 10 10
1251 Repayments: Repayments and prepayments –1



1290 Outstanding, end of year 10 10 10

As required by the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990, this non-budgetary account records all cash flows to and from the Government resulting from direct loans obligated in 1992 and 1993. The amounts in this account are a means of financing and are not included in the budget totals.

Balance Sheet (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–4252–0–3–502 2011 actual 2012 actual

ASSETS:
Net value of assets related to post-1991 direct loans receivable:
1401 Direct loans receivable, gross 11 10
1405 Allowance for subsidy cost (-) –1 –2


1499 Net present value of assets related to direct loans 10 8


1999 Total assets 10 8
LIABILITIES:
2103 Federal liabilities: Debt 10 8


4999 Total liabilities and net position 10 8

College Housing and Academic Facilities Loans Liquidating Account

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0242–0–1–502 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Obligations by program activity:
Credit program obligations:
0713 Payment of interest to Treasury 4 4 4



0900 Total new obligations (object class 43.0) 4 4 4

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 8
1023 Unobligated balances applied to repay debt –8
Budget authority:
Appropriations, mandatory:
1200 Appropriation 1 1 1



1260 Appropriations, mandatory (total) 1 1 1
Spending authority from offsetting collections, mandatory:
1800 Collected 26 26 26
1820 Capital transfer of spending authority from offsetting collections to general fund –18 –19 –19
1825 Spending authority from offsetting collections applied to repay debt –5 –4 –4



1850 Spending auth from offsetting collections, mand (total) 3 3 3
1900 Budget authority (total) 4 4 4
1930 Total budgetary resources available 4 4 4

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 4 4 4
3020 Outlays (gross) –4 –4 –4

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Mandatory:
4090 Budget authority, gross 4 4 4
Outlays, gross:
4100 Outlays from new mandatory authority 4 4 4
Offsets against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (collected) from:
4123 Non-Federal sources –26 –26 –26
4180 Budget authority, net (total) –22 –22 –22
4190 Outlays, net (total) –22 –22 –22

Status of Direct Loans (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0242–0–1–502 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Cumulative balance of direct loans outstanding:
1210 Outstanding, start of year 141 136 132
1251 Repayments: Repayments and prepayments –5 –4 –4



1290 Outstanding, end of year 136 132 128

As required by the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990, the College Housing and Academic Facilities Loans Liquidating Account records all cash flows to and from the Government resulting from direct loans obligated prior to 1992. This account includes loans made under the College Housing and Academic Facilities Loans, College Housing Loans, and Higher Education Facilities Loans programs, which continue to be administered separately.

Balance Sheet (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0242–0–1–502 2011 actual 2012 actual

ASSETS:
1601 Direct loans, gross 141 136
1602 Interest receivable 6 6


1699 Value of assets related to direct loans 147 142


1999 Total assets 147 142
LIABILITIES:
Federal liabilities:
2103 Debt 51 46
2104 Resources payable to Treasury 96 96


2999 Total liabilities 147 142


4999 Total liabilities and net position 147 142

Historically Black College and University Capital Financing Direct Loan Financing Account

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–4255–0–3–502 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0004 Interest paid to Treasury (FFB) 14 14 15
Credit program obligations:
0710 Direct loan obligations 235 318 320
0742 Downward reestimate paid to receipt account 14 126
0743 Interest on downward reestimates 6 72



0791 Direct program activities, subtotal 255 516 320



0900 Total new obligations 269 530 335

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 391 414 120
Financing authority:
Borrowing authority, mandatory:
1400 Borrowing authority 235 198 367



1440 Borrowing authority, mandatory (total) 235 198 367
Spending authority from offsetting collections, mandatory:
1800 Collected 71 52 57
1825 Spending authority from offsetting collections applied to repay debt –14 –14 –14



1850 Spending auth from offsetting collections, mand (total) 57 38 43
1900 Financing authority (total) 292 236 410
1930 Total budgetary resources available 683 650 530
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 414 120 195

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 192 270 591
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 269 530 335
3020 Financing disbursements (gross) –191 –209 –202



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 270 591 724
Uncollected payments:
3060 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, brought forward, Oct 1 –22 –22 –22



3090 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, end of year –22 –22 –22
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year 170 248 569
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 248 569 702

Financing authority and disbursements, net:
Mandatory:
4090 Financing authority, gross 292 236 410
Financing disbursements:
4110 Financing disbursements, gross 191 209 202
Offsets against gross financing authority and disbursements:
Offsetting collections (collected) from:
4120 Federal sources –25 –7 –11
4122 Interest on uninvested funds –18 –17 –18
4123 Interest repayments –14 –14 –14
4123 Principal repayments –14 –14 –14



4130 Offsets against gross financing auth and disbursements (total) –71 –52 –57



4160 Financing authority, net (mandatory) 221 184 353
4170 Financing disbursements, net (mandatory) 120 157 145
4180 Financing authority, net (total) 221 184 353
4190 Financing disbursements, net (total) 120 157 145

Status of Direct Loans (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–4255–0–3–502 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Position with respect to appropriations act limitation on obligations:
1111 Limitation on direct loans 368 368 320
1142 Unobligated direct loan limitation (-) –133 –50



1150 Total direct loan obligations 235 318 320

Cumulative balance of direct loans outstanding:
1210 Outstanding, start of year 782 929 1,046
1231 Disbursements: Direct loan disbursements 161 138 186
1251 Repayments: Repayments and prepayments –14 –21 –21



1290 Outstanding, end of year 929 1,046 1,211

As required by the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990, this non-budgetary account records all cash flows to and from the Federal Government resulting from direct loans obligated in 1996 and beyond. The Federal Financing Bank (FFB) purchases bonds issued by the HBCU Designated Bonding Authority. Under the policies governing Federal credit programs, bonds purchased by the FFB and supported by the Department of Education with a letter of credit create the equivalent of a Federal direct loan. HBCU bonds are also available for purchase by the private sector, and these will be treated as loan guarantees. However, the Department anticipates that all HBCU loans will be financed by the FFB. The amounts in this account are a means of financing and are not included in the budget totals.

Balance Sheet (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–4255–0–3–502 2011 actual 2012 actual

ASSETS:
1101 Federal assets: Fund balances with Treasury 280 365
Net value of assets related to post-1991 direct loans receivable:
1401 Direct loans receivable, gross 822 929
1402 Interest receivable 12 6
1405 Allowance for subsidy cost (-) –280 –365


1499 Net present value of assets related to direct loans 554 570


1999 Total assets 834 935
LIABILITIES:
Federal liabilities:
2102 Interest payable 12 6
2103 Debt 822 929


2999 Total liabilities 834 935


4999 Total liabilities and net position 834 935

Office of Federal Student Aid

Federal Funds

Student Financial Assistance

For carrying out subparts 1, 3, and 10 of part A, and part C of title IV of the HEA, $24,685,281,000, which shall remain available through September 30, 2015: Provided, That, of amounts provided under this heading, $3,022,000,000 shall also be available for Pell Grants for award year 2015–2016.

The maximum Pell Grant for which a student shall be eligible during award year 2014–2015 shall be $4,860.

Note.—A full-year 2013 appropriation for this account was not enacted at the time the budget was prepared; therefore, the budget assumes this account is operating under the Continuing Appropriations Resolution, 2013 (P.L. 112–175). The amounts included for 2013 reflect the annualized level provided by the continuing resolution.

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0200–0–1–502 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0101 Federal Pell grants 34,308 32,274 34,921
0201 Federal supplemental educational opportunity grants (SEOG) 738 740 735
0202 Federal work-study 986 983 1,127



0291 Campus-based activities - Subtotal 1,724 1,723 1,862



0900 Total new obligations (object class 41.0) 36,032 33,997 36,783

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 1,007 8,464 11,593
1001 Discretionary unobligated balance brought fwd, Oct 1 1,007 8,464
1021 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations 210



1050 Unobligated balance (total) 1,217 8,464 11,593
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 24,539 24,685 24,685
1130 Appropriations permanently reduced –3



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 24,536 24,685 24,685
Appropriations, mandatory:
1200 Appropriation 18,745 12,441 7,044



1260 Appropriations, mandatory (total) 18,745 12,441 7,044
1900 Budget authority (total) 43,281 37,126 31,729
1930 Total budgetary resources available 44,498 45,590 43,322
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1940 Unobligated balance expiring –2
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 8,464 11,593 6,539

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 22,667 23,468 23,232
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 36,032 33,997 36,783
3011 Obligations incurred, expired accounts 205
3020 Outlays (gross) –34,980 –34,233 –35,386
3040 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, unexpired –210
3041 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, expired –246



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 23,468 23,232 24,629
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year 22,667 23,468 23,232
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 23,468 23,232 24,629

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 24,536 24,685 24,685
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 7,597 6,212 5,410
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 15,411 16,778 18,474



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 23,008 22,990 23,884
Mandatory:
4090 Budget authority, gross 18,745 12,441 7,044
Outlays, gross:
4100 Outlays from new mandatory authority 4,017 840 1,735
4101 Outlays from mandatory balances 7,955 10,403 9,767



4110 Outlays, gross (total) 11,972 11,243 11,502
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 43,281 37,126 31,729
4190 Outlays, net (total) 34,980 34,233 35,386

Status of Direct Loans (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0200–0–1–502 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Cumulative balance of direct loans outstanding:
1210 Outstanding, start of year 308 303 299
1251 Repayments: Repayments and prepayments –25 –24 –24
Write-offs for default:
1263 Direct loans –1 –1 –1
1264 Other adjustments, net (+ or -) 21 21 20



1290 Outstanding, end of year 303 299 294

Notes._Figures include, in all years, institutional matching share of defaulted notes assigned from institutions to the Education Department.
Funding from the Student Financial Assistance account and related matching funds would provide over 12.2 million awards totaling more than $38.5 billion in available aid in award year 2014–2015.

Federal Pell grants._Pell Grants are the single largest source of grant aid for postsecondary education. Funding for this program is provided from two sources: discretionary appropriations and mandatory budget authority provided by the College Cost Reduction and Access Act, as amended, the Budget Control Act, and changes to the Higher Education Act of 1965 made in the 2011 and 2012 appropriations acts.
In 2014, 9.4 million undergraduates will receive up to $4,860 from the discretionary award and an additional $925 from the mandatory add-on to help pay for postsecondary education. Undergraduate students establish eligibility for these grants under award and need determination rules set out in the authorizing statute and annual appropriations act. The 2014 Budget request includes $22.8 billion in discretionary funding for Pell Grants in 2014, which, when combined with previously provided mandatory funding, will support a projected maximum award of $5,785.

Federal supplemental educational opportunity grants (SEOG)._Federal funds are awarded by formula to qualifying institutions, which use these funds to award grants to undergraduate students. While institutions have discretion in awarding these funds, they are required to give priority to Pell Grant recipients and other students with exceptional need. The Federal share of these grants cannot exceed 75 percent of the total grant. The 2014 Budget includes $735 million for SEOG, which would generate $982 million in aid to 1.6 million students.

Federal work-study._Federal funds are awarded by formula to qualifying institutions, which provide part-time jobs to eligible undergraduate and graduate students. Hourly earnings under this program must be at least the Federal minimum wage. Federal funding, in most cases, pays 75 percent of a student's hourly wages, with the remaining 25 percent paid by the employer. The Federal Work-Study program also requires participating institutions to use at least seven percent of their total funds for students employed in community service jobs. The 2014 Budget includes $1.13 billion for Work-Study, which would generate $1.35 billion in aid to 809,000 students, representing increases of $150 million and 112,000 recipients over the 2012 level.

Federal Perkins loans._Institutions award low-interest loans from institutional revolving funds, which are comprised of Federal Capital Contributions, institutional matching funds, and student repayments on outstanding loans. No new Federal Capital Contributions have been appropriated since 2004. The Budget proposes to modernize and expand the Perkins Loan program so more colleges can participate and more students can access these loans. The proposal would increase, beginning on July 1, 2014, the annual loan amounts available to students to $8.5 billion from the current $1 billion. Rather than operating through institutional revolving funds, the Federal Government would originate and service Perkins Loans. Loan volume would be allocated among degree-granting institutions. This new formula will encourage colleges to control costs and offer need-based aid to prevent excessive indebtedness. Schools would have some discretion about student eligibility. Perkins Loan borrowers would be charged the same interest rate as Unsubsidized Stafford Loan borrowers. The 2014 Budget proposes to change how interest rates for all new student loans are calculated to better reflect current market conditions. For Perkins, this would mean an annually adjusted interest rate based on the 10-year Treasury bill plus 293 basis points, fixed at that rate for the life of the loan. These loans would accrue interest while students are in school, and other loan terms and conditions would be the same as current Unsubsidized Stafford loans. As current Perkins Loan borrowers repay their loans, schools would remit the Federal share of those payments to the Department of Education, beginning at the statutory date described in the Higher Education Act of 1965. Schools would retain their own share of the revolving funds, as well as amounts sufficient to cover the costs of the various Perkins Loan forgiveness provisions. Mandatory loan subsidy costs of this proposal would reduce 2014 outlays by $673 million and are displayed in the Federal Perkins Loan program account.

Iraq and Afghanistan service grants._This program, which became effective July 1, 2010, provides non-need-based grants to students whose parent or guardian was a member of the Armed Forces and died in Iraq or Afghanistan as a result of performing military service after September 11, 2001. Service Grants are equal to the maximum Pell Grant for a given award year. The Administration anticipates spending $231,000 to support an estimated maximum of 1,000 awards in 2014.

Funding tables._The following tables display student aid funds available, the number of aid awards, average awards, and the unduplicated count of recipients from each Federal student aid program. Loan amounts reflect the amount actually loaned to borrowers, not the Federal cost of these loans. The data in these tables include matching funds wherever appropriate. The 2014 data in these tables reflect the Administration's legislative proposals.

AID FUNDS AVAILABLE FOR POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION AND TRAINING [in thousands of dollars]


2012 2013 2014

Pell grants 32,798,175 33,728,145 35,325,135
Student loans:
Direct student loans:
Stafford loans 33,612,370 28,645,382 29,345,724
Unsubsidized Stafford loans 53,887,607 59,185,855 62,729,063
PLUS 17,851,442 18,602,421 19,986,972
Consolidation 35,964,152 27,049,105 27,938,030
Perkins loans 856,789 856,789 856,789

Unsubsidized Perkins loans 0 0 4,113,423



Student loans, subtotal 142,172,360 134,339,552 144,970,001
Work-study 1,161,950 1,169,3161 1,349,620
Supplemental educational opportunity grants 981,994 988,0051 981,994
Iraq and Afghanistan service grants 257 225 268
TEACH grants 110,698 116,233 87,030

Presidential teaching fellows 0 0 149,030



Total aid available 177,225,434 170,341,475 182,863,079

1Includes 0.612 percent across-the-board increase provided by P.L. 112–175.

NUMBER OF AID AWARDS [in thousands]


2012 2013 2014

Pell grants 8,965 9,171 9,373
Direct student loans-Stafford loans 9,911 8,941 9,153
Direct student loans-Unsubsidized Stafford loans 10,924 10,973 11,420
Direct student loans-PLUS 1,347 1,291 1,318
Direct student loans-Consolidation 2,579 690 600
Perkins loans 461 461 461
Unsubsidized Perkins loans 0 0 751
Work-study 697 7011 809
Supplemental educational opportunity grants 1,584 1,5941 1,584
Iraq and Afghanistan service grants 02 02 02
TEACH grants 37 39 30

Presidential teaching fellows 0 0 15



Total awards 36,503 33,860 35,514

1Reflects the impact of 0.612 percent across-the-board increase provided by P.L. 112–175.2Number of recipients is fewer than 1,000.

AVERAGE AID AWARDS [in whole dollars]


2012 2013 2014

Pell grants 3,658 3,678 3,769
Direct student loans-Stafford loans 3,392 3,204 3,206
Direct student loans-Unsubsidized Stafford loans 4,933 5,394 5,493
Direct student loans-PLUS 13,256 14,410 15,169
Direct student loans-Consolidation 13,946 39,201 46,537
Perkins loans 1,860 1,860 1,860
Unsubsidized Perkins loans 0 0 5,476
Work-study 1,668 1,6681 1,668
Supplemental educational opportunity grants 620 6201 620
Iraq and Afghanistan service grants 4,759 4,884 4,963
TEACH grants 2,979 2,979 2,925
Presidential teaching fellows 0 0 10,000

1Reflects the impact of 0.612 percent across-the-board increase provided by P.L. 112–175.

NUMBER OF STUDENTS AIDED [in thousands]


2012 2013 2014

Unduplicated student count 13,941 14,2571 14,694

1Reflects the impact of 0.612 percent across-the-board increase provided by P.L. 112–175.

ADMINISTRATIVE PAYMENTS TO INSTITUTIONS [in thousands of dollars]


2012 2013 2014

Pell grants 44,825 45,855 46,865
Work-study 72,748 73,2061 72,748
Supplemental educational opportunity grants 39,280 39,5201 39,280
Perkins loans 34,272 34,272 34,272

1Reflects the impact of 0.612 percent across-the-board increase provided by P.L. 112–175.

Student Aid Administration

For Federal administrative expenses to carry out part D of title I, and subparts 1, 3, 9, and 10 of part A, and parts B, C, D, and E of title IV of the HEA, $1,050,091,000, to remain available until September 30, 2015.

Note.—A full-year 2013 appropriation for this account was not enacted at the time the budget was prepared; therefore, the budget assumes this account is operating under the Continuing Appropriations Resolution, 2013 (P.L. 112–175). The amounts included for 2013 reflect the annualized level provided by the continuing resolution.

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0202–0–1–502 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Student aid administration 904 1,076 1,170
0002 Discretionary servicing activities 349 431 317



0900 Total new obligations 1,253 1,507 1,487

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 3 72
1001 Discretionary unobligated balance brought fwd, Oct 1 3 72
1021 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations 22



1050 Unobligated balance (total) 25 72
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 1,045 1,049 1,050
1121 Appropriations transferred from other accts [75–0340] 3
1130 Appropriations permanently reduced –2



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 1,043 1,049 1,053
Appropriations, mandatory:
1200 Appropriation 277 386 434



1260 Appropriations, mandatory (total) 277 386 434
1900 Budget authority (total) 1,320 1,435 1,487
1930 Total budgetary resources available 1,345 1,507 1,487
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1940 Unobligated balance expiring –20
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 72

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 528 576 863
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 1,253 1,507 1,487
3020 Outlays (gross) –1,178 –1,220 –1,391
3040 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, unexpired –22
3041 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, expired –5



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 576 863 959
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year 528 576 863
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 576 863 959

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 1,043 1,049 1,053
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 557 590 591
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 410 369 432



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 967 959 1,023
Mandatory:
4090 Budget authority, gross 277 386 434
Outlays, gross:
4100 Outlays from new mandatory authority 149 185 208
4101 Outlays from mandatory balances 62 76 160



4110 Outlays, gross (total) 211 261 368
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 1,320 1,435 1,487
4190 Outlays, net (total) 1,178 1,220 1,391

The Department of Education manages Federal student aid programs that will provide nearly $183 billion in new Federal student aid grants and loans to 14.7 million students and parents in 2014. Primary responsibility for administering these programs lies with the Office of Postsecondary Education and the performance-based Federal Student Aid (FSA), which are both overseen by the Office of the Under Secretary. FSA was created by Congress in 1998 with a mandate to improve service to students and other student aid program participants, reduce student aid administration costs, and improve accountability and program integrity.

Student Aid Administration

The 2014 Budget includes $733 million for student aid administration activities, $317 million for loan servicing activities, and $3 million in transferred budget authority for administering the Health Education Assistance Loan Program (HEAL), for a total of $1.053 billion in discretionary budget authority. The 2014 Budget includes appropriations language to transfer the HEAL Program from the Secretary of Health and Human Services (HHS) to the Secretary of Education (ED). Administrative functions supported by these discretionary funds include: processing student aid applications; providing and tracking aid awards to students, parents, and schools; promoting efforts to reach key student populations; and simplifying the student aid application. In addition, the 2014 Budget includes $434 million in mandatory funds for administrative costs of servicing contracts with Not-For-Profit (NFP) loan servicers.

Servicing Cost Assumptions:

The following table details the major assumptions driving servicing costs for Federal student loans. Servicing costs are largely determined by volume (average borrower accounts per month) and the average contractual unit costs negotiated to service the volume. Average borrower accounts per month are calculated by the distribution of new unique borrower accounts to one of the multiple servicers contracted with the Department. Currently, the Department contracts with 16 servicers, through the Common Servicers for Borrowers (CSB) contract, the Title IV Additional Servicers (TIVAS) contract, and the new Not-For-Profit Servicers (NFP) contract. The average unit cost to service each borrower is derived by contractual pricing schedules based on different borrower statuses (e.g., in-school, in-grace/current repayment, deferment/forbearance, and delinquency). Differences in distribution among loan statuses will affect overall unit costs due to different pricing for different statuses (e.g., in-repayment borrowers cost more to service than in-school borrowers).

Trends in Assumptions:

The increases in average unit cost from 2012 to 2013, and 2013 to 2014, under the NFP servicers, are partly due to the maturity of the 100 percent Direct Loan portfolio as more loans shift from in-school to in-repayment, and the assumption that borrowers will be shifted from the CSB servicer to new NFP servicers, in accordance with Section 2212 of the Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act of 2010 (Pub. L. 111–152, 124 Stat. 1029). By comparison, the unit costs for the For-Profit servicers will likely decrease between 2013 and 2014, because the current CSB servicer unit costs are higher for this portfolio than the TIVAS For-Profit Servicers' unit costs.

Student Aid Administration Servicing Variables


2012 2013 2014

For-Profit Servicers Average Borrower Accounts per Month 18,613,305 16,613,609 17,736,571
For-Profit Servicers Average Unit Cost per Month (whole dollars) $1.56 $1.65 $1.45

Not-For-Profit Servicers Average Borrower Accounts per Month 11,086,907 16,549,824 19,042,873
Not-For-Profit Servicers Average Unit Cost per Month (whole dollars) $1.67 $1.79 $1.85


Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0202–0–1–502 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation:
11.1 Full-time permanent 135 137 138
11.3 Other than full-time permanent 1
11.5 Other personnel compensation 2 2 2



11.9 Total personnel compensation 138 139 140
12.1 Civilian personnel benefits 39 39 40
21.0 Travel and transportation of persons 2 3 3
23.1 Rental payments to GSA 14 19 19
23.3 Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous charges 1
24.0 Printing and reproduction 3 2 1
25.1 Advisory and assistance services 9 2 5
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 640 820 793
25.3 Other goods and services from Federal sources 23 18 20
25.7 Operation and maintenance of equipment 381 464 464
31.0 Equipment 3 1



99.0 Direct obligations 1,253 1,506 1,486
99.5 Below reporting threshold 1 1



99.9 Total new obligations 1,253 1,507 1,487

Employment Summary


Identification code 91–0202–0–1–502 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

1001 Direct civilian full-time equivalent employment 1,325 1,326 1,321

Academic Competitiveness/SMART Grant Program

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0205–0–1–502 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 10 2
3011 Obligations incurred, expired accounts 3
3020 Outlays (gross) –9
3041 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, expired –2 –2



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 2
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year 10 2
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 2

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Mandatory:
Outlays, gross:
4101 Outlays from mandatory balances 9
4190 Outlays, net (total) 9

The Academic Competitiveness Grant and Science and Mathematics Access to Retain Talent Grant programs expired July 1, 2011. This account reflects the final transactions of grants provided in prior years.

Teacher Education Assistance

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0206–0–1–502 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Obligations by program activity:
Credit program obligations:
0701 Direct loan subsidy 14 2 2
0705 Reestimates of direct loan subsidy 18 1
0706 Interest on reestimates of direct loan subsidy 2



0900 Total new obligations (object class 41.0) 34 3 2

Budgetary Resources:
Budget authority:
Appropriations, mandatory:
1200 Appropriation (indefinite) - Loan subsidy 14 2 2
1200 Appropriation (indefinite) - Upward reestimate 20 1



1260 Appropriations, mandatory (total) 34 3 2
1930 Total budgetary resources available 34 3 2

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 8 4
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 34 3 2
3020 Outlays (gross) –35 –7 –2
3041 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, expired –3



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 4
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year 8 4
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 4

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Mandatory:
4090 Budget authority, gross 34 3 2
Outlays, gross:
4100 Outlays from new mandatory authority 30 2 1
4101 Outlays from mandatory balances 5 5 1



4110 Outlays, gross (total) 35 7 2
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 34 3 2
4190 Outlays, net (total) 35 7 2

Summary of Budget Authority and Outlays (in millions of dollars)


2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Enacted/requested:
Budget Authority 34 3 2
Outlays 35 7 2
Legislative proposal, subject to PAYGO:
Budget Authority 189
Outlays 5
Total:
Budget Authority 34 3 191
Outlays 35 7 7

Summary of Loan Levels, Subsidy Budget Authority and Outlays by Program (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0206–0–1–502 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Direct loan levels supportable by subsidy budget authority:
115001 TEACH Grants 138 125 132



115999 Total direct loan levels 138 125 132
Direct loan subsidy (in percent):
132001 TEACH Grants 10.25 1.48 1.52



132999 Weighted average subsidy rate 10.25 1.48 1.52
Direct loan subsidy budget authority:
133001 TEACH Grants 14 2 2



133999 Total subsidy budget authority 14 2 2
Direct loan subsidy outlays:
134001 TEACH Grants 14 5 2



134999 Total subsidy outlays 14 5 2
Direct loan upward reestimates:
135001 TEACH Grants 20 2



135999 Total upward reestimate budget authority 20 2
Direct loan downward reestimates:
137001 TEACH Grants –17



137999 Total downward reestimate budget authority –17

The TEACH Grant program, authorized by the College Cost Reduction and Access Act of 2007, awards annual grants of up to $4,000 to full- or part-time undergraduate and graduate students who agree to teach mathematics, science, foreign languages, bilingual education, special education, or reading at a high-poverty school for not less than four years within eight years of graduating. The program began awarding grants in the 2008–2009 award year. Students must have a grade point average of 3.25 or higher to be eligible to receive a grant. Students who fail to fulfill the service requirements must repay the grants, including interest accrued from the time of award.

Because TEACH Grants turn into loans in cases where the service requirements are not fulfilled, for budget and accounting purposes the program is operated consistent with the requirements of the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990. This program account records subsidy costs reflecting the net present value of the estimated lifetime Federal program costs for grants awarded in a given fiscal year. Under this approach the subsidy cost reflects the cost of grant awards net of expected future repayments for grants that are converted to loans.

The 2014 Budget proposes to overhaul the TEACH Grant program, as of the end of the 2013–2014 academic year, and replace it with a new, targeted teacher recruitment and retention program, Presidential Teaching Fellows. This new program would provide grants to States that meet certain conditions to supply scholarships of up to $10,000 to talented individuals attending the most effective programs in the State. These individuals would commit to teaching for at least three years in a high-need school and subject. To be eligible for funds, States would measure the effectiveness of their teacher preparation programs based on student achievement data of their graduates, among other measures; hold teacher preparation programs accountable for results; and upgrade licensure and certification standards.

Teacher Education Assistance

(Legislative proposal, subject to PAYGO)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0206–4–1–502 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0002 Presidential teaching fellows 190
Credit program obligations:
0701 Direct loan subsidy –1



0900 Total new obligations (object class 41.0) 189

Budgetary Resources:
Budget authority:
Appropriations, mandatory:
1200 Appropriation (indefinite) - Loan subsidy –1
1200 Appropriation Presidential Teaching Fellows 190



1260 Appropriations, mandatory (total) 189
1930 Total budgetary resources available 189

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 189
3020 Outlays (gross) –5



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 184
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 184

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Mandatory:
4090 Budget authority, gross 189
Outlays, gross:
4100 Outlays from new mandatory authority 5
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 189
4190 Outlays, net (total) 5

Summary of Loan Levels, Subsidy Budget Authority and Outlays by Program (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0206–4–1–502 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Direct loan levels supportable by subsidy budget authority:
115001 TEACH Grants –38



115999 Total direct loan levels –38
Direct loan subsidy (in percent):
132001 TEACH Grants 0.00



132999 Weighted average subsidy rate 0.00
Direct loan subsidy budget authority:
133001 TEACH Grants –1



133999 Total subsidy budget authority –1

TEACH Grant Financing Account

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–4290–0–3–502 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Obligations by program activity:
Credit program obligations:
0710 Direct loan obligations 138 125 132
0713 Payment of interest to Treasury 15 20 30
0742 Downward reestimate paid to receipt account 16
0743 Interest on downward reestimates 1



0900 Total new obligations 153 162 162

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1021 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations 24 9 10
1023 Unobligated balances applied to repay debt –9
1024 Unobligated balance of borrowing authority withdrawn –15 –9 –10
Financing authority:
Borrowing authority, mandatory:
1400 Borrowing authority 130 157 160



1440 Borrowing authority, mandatory (total) 130 157 160
Spending authority from offsetting collections, mandatory:
1800 Collected 45 17 17
1801 Change in uncollected payments, Federal sources –1 1 1
1825 Spending authority from offsetting collections applied to repay debt –21 –13 –16



1850 Spending auth from offsetting collections, mand (total) 23 5 2
1900 Financing authority (total) 153 162 162
1930 Total budgetary resources available 153 162 162

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 88 82 79
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 153 162 162
3020 Financing disbursements (gross) –135 –156 –169
3040 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, unexpired –24 –9 –10



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 82 79 62
Uncollected payments:
3060 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, brought forward, Oct 1 –5 –4 –5
3070 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired 1 –1 –1



3090 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, end of year –4 –5 –6
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year 83 78 74
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 78 74 56

Financing authority and disbursements, net:
Mandatory:
4090 Financing authority, gross 153 162 162
Financing disbursements:
4110 Financing disbursements, gross 135 156 169
Offsets against gross financing authority and disbursements:
Offsetting collections (collected) from:
4120 Upward Reestimate –14 –1
4120 Upward Reestimate, interest –18
4120 Subsidy from Program Account –2 –5 –2
4122 Interest on uninvested funds –4
4123 Payment of Principal –7 –6 –9
4123 Interest Received –5 –6



4130 Offsets against gross financing auth and disbursements (total) –45 –17 –17
Additional offsets against financing authority only (total):
4140 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired 1 –1 –1



4160 Financing authority, net (mandatory) 109 144 144
4170 Financing disbursements, net (mandatory) 90 139 152
4180 Financing authority, net (total) 109 144 144
4190 Financing disbursements, net (total) 90 139 152

Status of Direct Loans (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–4290–0–3–502 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Position with respect to appropriations act limitation on obligations:
1131 Direct loan obligations exempt from limitation 138 125 132



1150 Total direct loan obligations 138 125 132

Cumulative balance of direct loans outstanding:
1210 Outstanding, start of year 278 396 508
1231 Disbursements: Direct loan disbursements 125 118 120
1251 Repayments: Repayments and prepayments –7 –6 –9



1290 Outstanding, end of year 396 508 619

As required by the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990, this non-budgetary account records all cash flows to and from the Government resulting from the TEACH Grant program. Amounts in this account are a means of financing and are not included in the budget totals.

Balance Sheet (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–4290–0–3–502 2011 actual 2012 actual

ASSETS:
1101 Federal assets: Fund balances with Treasury 28 27
Net value of assets related to post-1991 direct loans receivable:
1401 Direct loans receivable, gross 278 396
1402 Interest receivable 22 41
1405 Allowance for subsidy cost (-) –46 –93


1499 Net present value of assets related to direct loans 254 344


1999 Total assets 282 371
LIABILITIES:
Federal liabilities:
2101 Accounts payable 1
2103 Debt 282 370


2999 Total liabilities 282 371


4999 Total liabilities and net position 282 371

TEACH Grant Financing Account

(Legislative proposal, subject to PAYGO)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–4290–4–3–502 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Obligations by program activity:
Credit program obligations:
0710 Direct loan obligations –38
0713 Payment of interest to Treasury –6



0900 Total new obligations –44

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1021 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations –3
1024 Unobligated balance of borrowing authority withdrawn 3
Financing authority:
Borrowing authority, mandatory:
1400 Borrowing authority –44



1440 Borrowing authority, mandatory (total) –44
1930 Total budgetary resources available –44

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts –44
3020 Financing disbursements (gross) 44
3040 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, unexpired 3



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 3
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 3

Financing authority and disbursements, net:
Mandatory:
4090 Financing authority, gross –44
Financing disbursements:
4110 Financing disbursements, gross –44
4180 Financing authority, net (total) –44
4190 Financing disbursements, net (total) –44

Status of Direct Loans (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–4290–4–3–502 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Position with respect to appropriations act limitation on obligations:
1131 Direct loan obligations exempt from limitation –38



1150 Total direct loan obligations –38

Cumulative balance of direct loans outstanding:
1210 Outstanding, start of year
1231 Disbursements: Direct loan disbursements –38
1251 Repayments: Repayments and prepayments



1290 Outstanding, end of year –38

Student Financial Assistance Debt Collection

Special and Trust Fund Receipts (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–5557–0–2–502 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

0100 Balance, start of year
Receipts:
0220 Student Financial Assistance Debt Collection 8 9 9



0400 Total: Balances and collections 8 9 9
Appropriations:
0500 Student Financial Assistance Debt Collection –8 –9 –9



0799 Balance, end of year

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–5557–0–2–502 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Student Financial Assistance Debt Collection 3 5 5



0900 Total new obligations (object class 25.2) 3 5 5

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 15 12 10
1022 Capital transfer of unobligated balances to general fund –8 –6 –6



1050 Unobligated balance (total) 7 6 4
Budget authority:
Appropriations, mandatory:
1201 Appropriation (special or trust fund) 8 9 9



1260 Appropriations, mandatory (total) 8 9 9
1930 Total budgetary resources available 15 15 13
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 12 10 8

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 2 2 2
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 3 5 5
3020 Outlays (gross) –3 –5 –5



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 2 2 2
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year 2 2 2
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 2 2 2

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Mandatory:
4090 Budget authority, gross 8 9 9
Outlays, gross:
4101 Outlays from mandatory balances 3 5 5
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 8 9 9
4190 Outlays, net (total) 3 5 5

Federal Student Loan Reserve Fund

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–4257–0–3–502 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0102 Obligations, non-Federal 12,448 10,588 9,572



0900 Total new obligations (object class 42.0) 12,448 10,588 9,572

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 1,664 1,306 994
Budget authority:
Spending authority from offsetting collections, mandatory:
1800 Collected 12,090 10,276 9,305



1850 Spending auth from offsetting collections, mand (total) 12,090 10,276 9,305
1930 Total budgetary resources available 13,754 11,582 10,299
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 1,306 994 727

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 12,448 10,588 9,572
3020 Outlays (gross) –12,448 –10,588 –9,572

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Mandatory:
4090 Budget authority, gross 12,090 10,276 9,305
Outlays, gross:
4100 Outlays from new mandatory authority 12,090 10,276 9,305
4101 Outlays from mandatory balances 358 312 267



4110 Outlays, gross (total) 12,448 10,588 9,572
Offsets against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (collected) from:
4120 Federal sources –12,029 –10,084 –9,122
4123 Non-Federal sources –61 –192 –183



4130 Offsets against gross budget authority and outlays (total) –12,090 –10,276 –9,305
4170 Outlays, net (mandatory) 358 312 267
4190 Outlays, net (total) 358 312 267

The Higher Education Amendments of 1998 clarified that reserve funds held by public and non-profit guaranty agencies participating in the Federal Family Education Loan (FFEL) program are Federal property. These reserves are used to pay default claims from FFEL lenders and fees to support agency efforts to avert defaults. The Federal Government reimburses these reserves for default claim payments. The following schedule reflects the balances in these guaranty agency funds.

Balance Sheet (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–4257–0–3–502 2011 actual 2012 actual

ASSETS:
1101 Federal assets: Fund balances with Treasury 1,664 1,306


1999 Total assets 1,664 1,306
NET POSITION:
3300 Cumulative results of operations 1,664 1,306


4999 Total liabilities and net position 1,664 1,306

Federal Direct Student Loan Program Account

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0243–0–1–502 2012 actual 2013 CR 2014 est.

Obligations by program activity:
Credit program obligations:
0705 Reestimates of direct loan subsidy 6,614 2,377
0706 Interest on reestimates of direct loan subsidy 303 897
0709 Administrative expenses 3



0900 Total new obligations 6,917 3,277

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 3
Budget authority: