DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

Office of the Secretary

Federal Funds

Production, Processing and Marketing

office of the secretary

(including transfers of funds)

For necessary expenses of the Office of the Secretary, [$43,778,000] $46,816,000, of which not to exceed [$5,051,000] $5,086,000 shall be available for the immediate Office of the Secretary; not to exceed [$498,000] $502,000 shall be available for the Office of Tribal Relations; not to exceed [$1,496,000] $1,507,000 shall be available for the Office of Homeland Security and Emergency Coordination; not to exceed [$1,209,000] $1,217,000 shall be available for the Office of Advocacy and Outreach; not to exceed [$23,590,000] $26,470,000 shall be available for the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Administration, of which [$22,786,000] $25,661,000 shall be available for Departmental Administration to provide for necessary expenses for management support services to offices of the Department and for general administration, security, repairs and alterations, and other miscellaneous supplies and expenses not otherwise provided for and necessary for the practical and efficient work of the Department; not to exceed [$3,869,000] $3,897,000 shall be available for the Office of Assistant Secretary for Congressional Relations to carry out the programs funded by this Act, including programs involving intergovernmental affairs and liaison within the executive branch; and not to exceed [$8,065,000] $8,137,000 shall be available for the Office of Communications: Provided, That the Secretary of Agriculture is authorized to transfer funds appropriated for any office of the Office of the Secretary to any other office of the Office of the Secretary: Provided further, That no appropriation for any office shall be increased or decreased by more than 5 percent: Provided further, That not to exceed $11,000 of the amount made available under this paragraph for the immediate Office of the Secretary shall be available for official reception and representation expenses, not otherwise provided for, as determined by the Secretary: Provided further, That the amount made available under this heading for Departmental Administration shall be reimbursed from applicable appropriations in this Act for travel expenses incident to the holding of hearings as required by 5 U.S.C. 551–558: Provided further, That funds made available under this heading for the Office of Assistant Secretary for Congressional Relations may be transferred to agencies of the Department of Agriculture funded by this Act to maintain personnel at the agency level[: Provided further, That no funds made available under this heading for the Office of Assistant Secretary for Congressional Relations may be obligated after 30 days from the date of enactment of this Act, unless the Secretary has notified the Committees on Appropriations of both Houses of Congress on the allocation of these funds by USDA agency].

Office of the Assistant Secretary for Civil Rights

For necessary expenses of the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Civil Rights, [$893,000] $898,000.

Office of the Under Secretary for Research, Education, and Economics

For necessary expenses of the Office of the Under Secretary for Research, Education, and Economics, [$893,000] $898,000.

Office of the Under Secretary for Marketing and Regulatory Programs

For necessary expenses of the Office of the Under Secretary for Marketing and Regulatory Programs, [$893,000] $898,000.

Office of the Under Secretary for Food Safety

For necessary expenses of the Office of the Under Secretary for Food Safety, [$811,000] $816,000.

Office of the Under Secretary for Farm and Foreign Agricultural Services

For necessary expenses of the Office of the Under Secretary for Farm and Foreign Agricultural Services, [$893,000] $898,000.

Office of the Under Secretary for Natural Resources and Environment

For necessary expenses of the Office of the Under Secretary for Natural Resources and Environment, [$893,000] $898,000.

Office of the Under Secretary for Rural Development

For necessary expenses of the Office of the Under Secretary for Rural Development, [$893,000] $898,000.

Office of the Under Secretary for Food, Nutrition and Consumer Services

For necessary expenses of the Office of the Under Secretary for Food, Nutrition and Consumer Services, [$811,000] $816,000. (Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2014.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–9913–0–1–350 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Office of the Secretary 4 4 4
0002 Under/Assistant Secretaries 8 12 12
0003 Trade negotiations and biotechnology resources 1 1 1
0004 Departmental Administration 22 23 26
0005 Office of Communications 8 8 8
0006 Office of Advocacy and Outreach 1 1 1
0007 Office of Homeland Security and Emergency Coordination 1 2 2
0008 Outreach & Assistance for Socially Disadvantaged Farmers & Ranchers & Veteran Farmers & Ranchers 2 10 10
0009 Biobased Markets Program Sec 9001 3 3



0799 Total direct obligations 47 64 67
0802 Reimbursable program 51 57 58



0900 Total new obligations 98 121 125

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 3 1 2
1001 Discretionary unobligated balance brought fwd, Oct 1 1
1021 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations 1 1



1050 Unobligated balance (total) 3 2 3
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 53 51 54
1130 Appropriations permanently reduced –4



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 49 51 54
Appropriations, mandatory:
1221 Appropriations transferred from other accts [12–4336] 13 13



1260 Appropriations, mandatory (total) 13 13
Spending authority from offsetting collections, discretionary:
1700 Collected 35 57 58
1701 Change in uncollected payments, Federal sources 17



1750 Spending auth from offsetting collections, disc (total) 52 57 58
1900 Budget authority (total) 101 121 125
1930 Total budgetary resources available 104 123 128
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1940 Unobligated balance expiring –5
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 1 2 3

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 72 37 8
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 98 121 125
3011 Obligations incurred, expired accounts 26
3020 Outlays (gross) –133 –149 –124
3040 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, unexpired –1 –1
3041 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, expired –26



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 37 8 8
Uncollected payments:
3060 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, brought forward, Oct 1 –91 –53 –53
3070 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired –17
3071 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, expired 55



3090 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, end of year –53 –53 –53
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year –19 –16 –45
3200 Obligated balance, end of year –16 –45 –45

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 101 108 112
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 85 103 106
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 46 21 5



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 131 124 111
Offsets against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (collected) from:
4030 Federal sources –72 –57 –58
Additional offsets against gross budget authority only:
4050 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired –17
4052 Offsetting collections credited to expired accounts 37



4060 Additional offsets against budget authority only (total) 20



4070 Budget authority, net (discretionary) 49 51 54
4080 Outlays, net (discretionary) 59 67 53
Mandatory:
4090 Budget authority, gross 13 13
Outlays, gross:
4100 Outlays from new mandatory authority 13 13
4101 Outlays from mandatory balances 2 12



4110 Outlays, gross (total) 2 25 13
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 49 64 67
4190 Outlays, net (total) 61 92 66

The Office of the Secretary is responsible for the overall planning, coordination and administration of the Department's programs. This includes the Secretary, Deputy Secretary, Under Secretaries, Assistant Secretaries, and their immediate staffs, who provide top policy guidance for the Department; maintain relationships with agricultural organizations and others in the development of farm programs; and provide liaison with the Executive Office of the President and Members of Congress on all matters pertaining to agricultural policy.

Funds are proposed for the Office of the Secretary's account for (1) negotiating and monitoring trade agreements; and (2) for technical trade support in the areas of biotechnology, sanitary and phyto-sanitary issues. The 2015 Budget requests $17 million.

The Office of Homeland Security and Emergency Coordination formulates emergency preparedness policies for USDA and directs and coordinates Department activities that support USDA emergency programs and liaison functions with Congress, the Department of Homeland Security, and other Federal agencies involving homeland security, natural disasters, agriculture-related international civil emergency planning and intelligence activities. The 2015 Budget requests $1.5 million.

The Office of Advocacy and Outreach improves access to USDA programs and enhances the viability and profitability of small farms and ranches, beginning farmers and ranchers, and socially disadvantaged farmers and ranchers. The Department is committed to ensuring that all USDA constituents, including historically underserved groups, have the opportunity to participate in and benefit from the programs offered by the Department. The 2015 Budget requests $1.2 million.

Departmental Administration provides staff support to policy officials and overall direction and coordination of the Department. Activities include Department-wide programs for human resources management, occupational safety and health management, real and personal property management, acquisitions and contracting, motor vehicle and aircraft management, supply management, participation of small and disadvantaged businesses, veterans programs, and regulatory hearing and administrative proceedings. The 2015 Budget requests $25.7 million.

The Office of Communications provides leadership, expertise, and coordination to implement successful communication strategies and products that advance the mission of the USDA while serving the public in a fair, equal, transparent and accessible manner. The 2015 Budget requests $8 million.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–9913–0–1–350 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Direct obligations:
11.1 Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent 27 32 32
12.1 Civilian personnel benefits 7 9 9
21.0 Travel and transportation of persons 1 1 1
23.3 Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous charges 2 2 2
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 8 20 23
26.0 Supplies and materials 2



99.0 Direct obligations 47 64 67
99.0 Reimbursable obligations 51 57 58



99.9 Total new obligations 98 121 125

Employment Summary


Identification code 12–9913–0–1–350 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

1001 Direct civilian full-time equivalent employment 248 257 259
2001 Reimbursable civilian full-time equivalent employment 170 202 202

Office of the Secretary

(Legislative proposal, subject to PAYGO)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–9913–4–1–350 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0011 Direct program activity 1



0900 Total new obligations (object class 99.5) 1

Budgetary Resources:
Budget authority:
Spending authority from offsetting collections, mandatory:
1800 Collected 1



1850 Spending auth from offsetting collections, mand (total) 1
1930 Total budgetary resources available 1

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 1
3020 Outlays (gross) –1

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Mandatory:
4090 Budget authority, gross 1
Outlays, gross:
4100 Outlays from new mandatory authority 1
Offsets against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (collected) from:
4123 Non-Federal sources –1

Trust Funds

Gifts and Bequests

Special and Trust Fund Receipts (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–8203–0–7–352 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

0100 Balance, start of year 1
Receipts:
0220 Gifts and Bequests, Departmental Administration 1 1 1



0400 Total: Balances and collections 1 1 2
Appropriations:
0500 Gifts and Bequests –1 –1



0799 Balance, end of year 1 1

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–8203–0–7–352 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Gifts and bequests 1 1 1



0900 Total new obligations (object class 99.5) 1 1 1

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 3 3 2
Budget authority:
Appropriations, mandatory:
1201 Appropriation (special or trust fund) 1 1



1260 Appropriations, mandatory (total) 1 1
1900 Budget authority (total) 1 1
1930 Total budgetary resources available 4 3 3
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 3 2 2

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 1 1 1
3020 Outlays (gross) –1 –1 –1

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Mandatory:
4090 Budget authority, gross 1 1
Outlays, gross:
4100 Outlays from new mandatory authority 1 1
4101 Outlays from mandatory balances 1



4110 Outlays, gross (total) 1 1 1
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 1 1
4190 Outlays, net (total) 1 1 1

The Secretary is authorized to accept and administer gifts and bequests of real and personal property to facilitate the work of the Department. Property and the proceeds thereof are used in accordance with the terms of the gift or bequest (7 U.S.C. 2269).

Executive Operations

Federal Funds

Office of the Chief Economist

For necessary expenses of the Office of the Chief Economist, [$16,777,000] $16,854,000, of which $4,000,000 shall be for grants or cooperative agreements for policy research under 7 U.S.C. 3155 [and shall be obligated within 90 days of the enactment of this Act]. (Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2014.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–0123–0–1–352 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Office of the Chief Economist 15 17 17
0002 Biodiesel Fuel Education Program 1 1



0799 Total direct obligations 15 18 18
0801 Reimbursable program activity 1 1 1



0900 Total new obligations 16 19 19

Budgetary Resources:
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 16 17 17
1130 Appropriations permanently reduced –1



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 15 17 17
Appropriations, mandatory:
1221 Appropriations transferred from other accts [12–4336] 1 1



1260 Appropriations, mandatory (total) 1 1
Spending authority from offsetting collections, discretionary:
1700 Collected 1 1
1701 Change in uncollected payments, Federal sources 1



1750 Spending auth from offsetting collections, disc (total) 1 1 1
1900 Budget authority (total) 16 19 19
1930 Total budgetary resources available 16 19 19

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 8 10 6
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 16 19 19
3020 Outlays (gross) –14 –23 –20



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 10 6 5
Uncollected payments:
3060 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, brought forward, Oct 1 –4 –3 –3
3070 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired –1
3071 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, expired 2



3090 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, end of year –3 –3 –3
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year 4 7 3
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 7 3 2

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 16 18 18
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 9 16 16
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 5 6 3



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 14 22 19
Offsets against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (collected) from:
4030 Federal sources –2 –1 –1
Additional offsets against gross budget authority only:
4050 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired –1
4052 Offsetting collections credited to expired accounts 2



4060 Additional offsets against budget authority only (total) 1



4070 Budget authority, net (discretionary) 15 17 17
4080 Outlays, net (discretionary) 12 21 18
Mandatory:
4090 Budget authority, gross 1 1
Outlays, gross:
4100 Outlays from new mandatory authority 1 1
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 15 18 18
4190 Outlays, net (total) 12 22 19

The Office of the Chief Economist advises the Secretary of Agriculture on the economic implications of Department policies, programs and proposed legislation. The Office is a focal point for USDA's economic intelligence and analysis; projections related to agricultural commodity markets; risk assessment and cost-benefit analysis related to domestic and international food and agriculture; policy direction for renewable energy development; coordination, analysis and advice on climate change and environmental market activities; and coordination and review of all commodity and aggregate agricultural and food-related data used to develop outlook and situation material within the Department. The 2015 Budget requests $16.8 million for the office.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–0123–0–1–352 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Direct obligations:
11.1 Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent 6 7 7
12.1 Civilian personnel benefits 2 2 2
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 7 9 9



99.0 Direct obligations 15 18 18
99.0 Reimbursable obligations 1 1 1



99.9 Total new obligations 16 19 19

Employment Summary


Identification code 12–0123–0–1–352 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

1001 Direct civilian full-time equivalent employment 48 54 54

National Appeals Division

For necessary expenses of the National Appeals Division, [$12,841,000] $13,430,000. (Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2014.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–0706–0–1–352 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 National Appeals Division 13 13 13

Budgetary Resources:
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 14 13 13
1130 Appropriations permanently reduced –1



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 13 13 13
1930 Total budgetary resources available 13 13 13

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 3 2 2
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 13 13 13
3020 Outlays (gross) –14 –13 –13



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 2 2 2
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year 3 2 2
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 2 2 2

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 13 13 13
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 12 10 10
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 2 3 3



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 14 13 13
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 13 13 13
4190 Outlays, net (total) 14 13 13

The National Appeals Division (NAD) is responsible for listening to farmers and other rural program participants concerning their disputes with certain agencies within the Department of Agriculture through fair and impartial administrative hearings and appeals. The 2015 Budget requests $13 million.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–0706–0–1–352 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Direct obligations:
11.1 Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent 9 9 9
12.1 Civilian personnel benefits 2 2 2
25.1 Advisory and assistance services 1 1 1



99.0 Direct obligations 12 12 12
99.5 Below reporting threshold 1 1 1



99.9 Total new obligations 13 13 13

Employment Summary


Identification code 12–0706–0–1–352 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

1001 Direct civilian full-time equivalent employment 87 92 92

Office of Budget and Program Analysis

For necessary expenses of the Office of Budget and Program Analysis, [$9,064,000] $10,292,000. (Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2014.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–0503–0–1–352 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0005 Direct program activity 8 9 10

Budgetary Resources:
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 9 9 10
1130 Appropriations permanently reduced –1



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 8 9 10
1900 Budget authority (total) 8 9 10
1930 Total budgetary resources available 8 9 10

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 8 9 10
3020 Outlays (gross) –8 –9 –10

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 8 9 10
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 7 9 10
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 1



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 8 9 10
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 8 9 10
4190 Outlays, net (total) 8 9 10

The Office of Budget and Program Analysis (OBPA) coordinates the preparation of Departmental budget estimates, regulations, and legislative reports; administers systems for the allotment and apportionment of funds; provides analysis of USDA program issues, draft regulations, and budget proposals; participates in strategic planning; and provides assistance to USDA policy makers in the development and execution of desired policies and programs. The 2015 Budget requests $10 million. To support evidence-based policy-making, $1 million is requested in the 2015 Budget to provide support for the establishment of a Chief Evaluation Officer within USDA to work closely with program offices and agencies to develop and implement evaluation agendas and priorities set by policy officials.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–0503–0–1–352 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Direct obligations:
11.1 Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent 5 6 7
12.1 Civilian personnel benefits 2 2 2
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 1
25.3 Other goods and services from Federal sources 1 1



99.9 Total new obligations 8 9 10

Employment Summary


Identification code 12–0503–0–1–352 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

1001 Direct civilian full-time equivalent employment 46 51 55

Common Computing Environment

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–0113–0–1–352 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 1 1 1
1930 Total budgetary resources available 1 1 1
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 1 1 1

The Common Computing Environment provides the shared information technology platform for the three Service Center Agencies (the Farm Service Agency, the Natural Resources Conservation Service, and the Rural Development agencies).

Working Capital Fund

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–4609–0–4–352 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0801 Administration 880 45 47
0802 Communications 6 6
0803 Finance and management 306 303
0804 Information technology 410 420
0805 Executive secretariat 3 4



0809 Reimbursable program activities, subtotal 880 770 780
0815 Capital Funding Availability 23 18
0816 Proceeds from Purchase Card Rebate Programs 9 9
0817 Proceeds from Transfers of Discretionary Unobligated Balances 9



0819 Reimbursable program activities - Purchase of Equipment (Capital), subtotal 41 27



0900 Total new obligations 880 811 807

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 131 152 131
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1121 Appropriations transferred from other accts RD [12–2081] 2
1121 Appropriations transferred from other accts FSIS [12–3700] 1
1121 Appropriations transferred from other accts OGC [12–2300] 1



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 4
Spending authority from offsetting collections, discretionary:
1700 Collected 842 790 790
1701 Change in uncollected payments, Federal sources 55



1750 Spending auth from offsetting collections, disc (total) 897 790 790
1900 Budget authority (total) 901 790 790
1930 Total budgetary resources available 1,032 942 921
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 152 131 114

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 288 284 140
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 880 811 807
3020 Outlays (gross) –884 –955 –790



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 284 140 157
Uncollected payments:
3060 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, brought forward, Oct 1 –229 –284 –284
3070 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired –55



3090 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, end of year –284 –284 –284
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year 59 –144
3200 Obligated balance, end of year –144 –127

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 901 790 790
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 631 683 683
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 253 272 107



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 884 955 790
Offsets against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (collected) from:
4030 Federal sources –831 –790 –790
4033 Non-Federal sources –11



4040 Offsets against gross budget authority and outlays (total) –842 –790 –790
Additional offsets against gross budget authority only:
4050 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired –55



4070 Budget authority, net (discretionary) 4
4080 Outlays, net (discretionary) 42 165
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 4
4190 Outlays, net (total) 42 165

This fund finances, by advances or reimbursements, certain central services in the Department of Agriculture, including duplicating and other visual information services; broadcast media services; supply services; centralized financial management systems; centralized automated data processing systems for payroll, personnel, and related services; voucher payments services; telecommunications services; and information technology systems.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–4609–0–4–352 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Reimbursable obligations:
Personnel compensation:
11.1 Full-time permanent - OCFO 96 110 110
11.1 Full-time permanent - OCIO 81 87 91
11.1 Full-time permanent - DA OES OC 17 19 19
11.5 Other personnel compensation - OCFO 2 3 3
11.5 Other personnel compensation - OCIO 1 1



11.9 Total personnel compensation 196 220 224
12.1 Civilian personnel benefits OCFO 30 35 36
12.1 Civilian personnel benefits OCIO 25 26 27
12.1 Civilian personnel benefits - DA OES OC 6 6 5
21.0 Travel and transportation of persons OCFO 1 1 1
21.0 Travel and transportation of persons - OCIO 3 3 3
22.0 Transportation of things - DA OES OC 1 2 1
23.1 Rental payments to GSA - OCFO 1 1 1
23.1 Rental payments to GSA - OCIO 4 6 6
23.1 Rental payments to GSA - DA OES OC 2 1 1
23.2 Rental payments to others - OCFO 9 6 7
23.2 Rental payments to others - OCIO 4
23.3 Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous charges - OCFO 5 9 8
23.3 Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous charges - OCIO 131 76 76
23.3 Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous charges - DA OES OC 1 3 3
24.0 Printing and reproduction 3
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 118
25.3 Other goods and services from Federal sources - OCFO 123 101 99
25.3 Other goods and services from Federal sources - OCIO 84 133 136
25.3 Other goods and services from Federal sources - DA OES OC 10 20 20
25.4 Operation and maintenance of facilities 3 2 3
25.7 Operation and maintenance of equipment - OCFO 4 36 36
25.7 Operation and maintenance of equipment - OCIO 8 70 73
25.7 Operation and maintenance of equipment - DA OES OC 1 1 2
26.0 Supplies and materials - OCFO 1 1 1
26.0 Supplies and materials - OCIO 7 1 1
26.0 Supplies and materials - DA OES OC 3 3 3
31.0 Equipment - OCFO 38
31.0 Equipment - DA OES OC 1
31.0 Equipment - OCIO 57
31.0 Equipment - Availability 48 34



99.9 Total new obligations 880 811 807

Employment Summary


Identification code 12–4609–0–4–352 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

2001 Reimbursable civilian full-time equivalent employment 2,335 2,702 2,670

Office of Chief Information Officer

Federal Funds

Office of the Chief Information Officer

For necessary expenses of the Office of the Chief Information Officer, [$44,031,000, of which not less than $27,000,000 is for cybersecurity requirements of the Department] $45,199,000. (Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2014.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–0013–0–1–352 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Office of the Chief Information Officer 41 17 17
0002 Homeland Security 27 28



0799 Total direct obligations 41 44 45
0801 Reimbursable program activity 34 34 34



0900 Total new obligations 75 78 79

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 1 1
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 44 44 45
1130 Appropriations permanently reduced –3



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 41 44 45
Spending authority from offsetting collections, discretionary:
1700 Collected 29 34 34
1701 Change in uncollected payments, Federal sources 6



1750 Spending auth from offsetting collections, disc (total) 35 34 34
1900 Budget authority (total) 76 78 79
1930 Total budgetary resources available 76 79 80
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 1 1 1

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 43 26 1
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 75 78 79
3011 Obligations incurred, expired accounts 5
3020 Outlays (gross) –93 –103 –79
3041 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, expired –4



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 26 1 1
Uncollected payments:
3060 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, brought forward, Oct 1 –76 –29 –29
3070 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired –6
3071 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, expired 53



3090 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, end of year –29 –29 –29
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year –33 –3 –28
3200 Obligated balance, end of year –3 –28 –28

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 76 78 79
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 54 76 77
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 39 27 2



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 93 103 79
Offsets against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (collected) from:
4030 Federal sources –65 –34 –34
Additional offsets against gross budget authority only:
4050 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired –6
4052 Offsetting collections credited to expired accounts 36



4060 Additional offsets against budget authority only (total) 30



4070 Budget authority, net (discretionary) 41 44 45
4080 Outlays, net (discretionary) 28 69 45
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 41 44 45
4190 Outlays, net (total) 28 69 45

The Clinger-Cohen Act of 1996 required the establishment of a Chief Information Officer (CIO) for all major Federal agencies. The Act requires USDA to maximize the value of information technology acquisitions to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of USDA programs. To meet the intent of the law and to provide a Departmental focus for information resources management issues, Secretary's Memorandum 1030–30, dated August 8, 1996, established the Office of the Chief Information Office (OCIO). The CIO serves as the primary advisor to the Secretary on Information Technology (IT) issues. OCIO provides leadership for the Department's information and IT management activities in support of USDA program delivery. The 2015 Budget requests $45 million.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–0013–0–1–352 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Direct obligations:
11.1 Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent 13 14 14
12.1 Civilian personnel benefits 3 4 4
23.1 Rental payments to GSA 1
23.3 Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous charges 2
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 18 14 14
25.3 Other goods and services from Federal sources 7 12 10



99.0 Direct obligations 41 44 45
99.0 Reimbursable obligations 34 34 34



99.9 Total new obligations 75 78 79

Employment Summary


Identification code 12–0013–0–1–352 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

1001 Direct civilian full-time equivalent employment 115 129 129
2001 Reimbursable civilian full-time equivalent employment 6

Office of Chief Financial Officer

Federal Funds

Office of the Chief Financial Officer

For necessary expenses of the Office of the Chief Financial Officer, [$6,213,000: Provided, That no funds made available by this appropriation may be obligated for FAIR Act or Circular A-76 activities until the Secretary has submitted to the Committees on Appropriations of both Houses of Congress and the Committee on Oversight and Government Reform of the House of Representatives a report on the Department's contracting out policies, including agency budgets for contracting out] $6,080,000. (Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2014.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–0014–0–1–352 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Direct program activity 6 6 6
0801 Reimbursable program activity 3



0900 Total new obligations 9 6 6

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 1 2
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 6 6 6



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 6 6 6
Spending authority from offsetting collections, discretionary:
1700 Collected 3 1
1701 Change in uncollected payments, Federal sources 1



1750 Spending auth from offsetting collections, disc (total) 4 1
1900 Budget authority (total) 10 7 6
1930 Total budgetary resources available 10 8 8
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 1 2 2

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 9 6
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 9 6 6
3011 Obligations incurred, expired accounts 1
3020 Outlays (gross) –13 –12 –6



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 6
Uncollected payments:
3060 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, brought forward, Oct 1 –8 –8 –8
3070 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired –1
3071 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, expired 1



3090 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, end of year –8 –8 –8
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year 1 –2 –8
3200 Obligated balance, end of year –2 –8 –8

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 10 7 6
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 7 6 5
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 6 6 1



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 13 12 6
Offsets against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (collected) from:
4030 Federal sources –3 –1
Additional offsets against gross budget authority only:
4050 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired –1



4070 Budget authority, net (discretionary) 6 6 6
4080 Outlays, net (discretionary) 10 11 6
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 6 6 6
4190 Outlays, net (total) 10 11 6

The Office of the Chief Financial Officer (OCFO) was established in 1995 under authority provided in Reorganization Plan Number 2 of 1953 (7 U.S.C. 2201) to comply with the Chief Financial Officers Act of 1990. The OCFO focuses on the Department's financial management activities to improve program delivery and assure maximum contribution to the Secretary's Strategic Goals. The 2015 Budget requests $6 million.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–0014–0–1–352 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Direct obligations:
11.1 Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent 5 5 6
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 1 1



99.0 Direct obligations 6 6 6
99.0 Reimbursable obligations 3



99.9 Total new obligations 9 6 6

Employment Summary


Identification code 12–0014–0–1–352 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

1001 Direct civilian full-time equivalent employment 43 41 41

Office of Civil Rights

Federal Funds

Office of Civil Rights

For necessary expenses of the Office of Civil Rights, [$21,400,000] $24,236,000.

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–3800–0–1–352 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Direct program activity 21 21 24
0801 Reimbursable program activity 3 2 2



0900 Total new obligations 24 23 26

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 1 1
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 23 21 24
1130 Appropriations permanently reduced –2



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 21 21 24
Spending authority from offsetting collections, discretionary:
1700 Collected 1 2 2
1701 Change in uncollected payments, Federal sources 3



1750 Spending auth from offsetting collections, disc (total) 4 2 2
1900 Budget authority (total) 25 23 26
1930 Total budgetary resources available 25 24 27
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 1 1 1

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 3 5 1
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 24 23 26
3011 Obligations incurred, expired accounts 2
3020 Outlays (gross) –24 –27 –26



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 5 1 1
Uncollected payments:
3060 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, brought forward, Oct 1 –5 –5 –5
3070 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired –3
3071 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, expired 3



3090 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, end of year –5 –5 –5
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year –2 –4
3200 Obligated balance, end of year –4 –4

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 25 23 26
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 20 22 25
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 4 5 1



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 24 27 26
Offsets against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (collected) from:
4030 Federal sources –2 –2 –2
Additional offsets against gross budget authority only:
4050 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired –3
4052 Offsetting collections credited to expired accounts 1



4060 Additional offsets against budget authority only (total) –2



4070 Budget authority, net (discretionary) 21 21 24
4080 Outlays, net (discretionary) 22 25 24
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 21 21 24
4190 Outlays, net (total) 22 25 24

The Office of Civil Rights provides overall leadership for all Department-wide civil rights activities, including employment opportunity and program non-discrimination policy development, analysis, coordination, and compliance. The Office provides leadership to implement best practices that will create an environment where a diverse workforce is valued as a source of strength. The Office monitors program activities to ensure that all USDA programs are delivered in a non-discriminatory manner. The 2015 Budget requests $24 million.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–3800–0–1–352 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Direct obligations:
11.1 Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent 13 13 14
12.1 Civilian personnel benefits 4 4 5
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 3 3 4
25.3 Other goods and services from Federal sources 1 1 1



99.0 Direct obligations 21 21 24
99.0 Reimbursable obligations 3 2 2



99.9 Total new obligations 24 23 26

Employment Summary


Identification code 12–3800–0–1–352 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

1001 Direct civilian full-time equivalent employment 105 134 134

Hazardous Materials Management

Federal Funds

Hazardous Materials Management

(including transfers of funds)

For necessary expenses of the Department of Agriculture, to comply with the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (42 U.S.C. 9601 et seq.) and the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (42 U.S.C. 6901 et seq.), [$3,592,000] $3,600,000, to remain available until expended: Provided, That appropriations and funds available herein to the Department for Hazardous Materials Management may be transferred to any agency of the Department for its use in meeting all requirements pursuant to the above Acts on Federal and non-Federal lands. (Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2014.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–0500–0–1–304 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Hazardous materials management 4 4 4

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 1 2 2
1021 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations 1



1050 Unobligated balance (total) 2 2 2
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 4 4 4



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 4 4 4
1930 Total budgetary resources available 6 6 6
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 2 2 2

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 15 14 11
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 4 4 4
3020 Outlays (gross) –4 –7 –7
3040 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, unexpired –1



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 14 11 8
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year 15 14 11
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 14 11 8

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 4 4 4
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 3 4 4
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 1 3 3



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 4 7 7
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 4 4 4
4190 Outlays, net (total) 4 7 7

Under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act and the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act, the Department must meet the same standards for environmental cleanup and regulatory compliance regarding hazardous wastes and hazardous substances as private businesses. With substantial commitments under these Acts, the Hazardous Materials Management account was established as a central fund so the Department's agencies may be reimbursed for their cleanup efforts. The Department determines what projects to fund by using objective criteria to identify what sites pose the greatest threats to public health and the environment. The 2015 Budget requests $3.6 million.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–0500–0–1–304 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Direct obligations:
11.1 Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent 1 1 1
25.3 Other goods and services from Federal sources 3 3 3



99.9 Total new obligations 4 4 4

Employment Summary


Identification code 12–0500–0–1–304 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

1001 Direct civilian full-time equivalent employment 6 7 7

Buildings and Facilities

Federal Funds

Agriculture Buildings and Facilities and Rental Payments

(including transfers of funds)

For payment of space rental and related costs pursuant to Public Law 92–313, including authorities pursuant to the 1984 delegation of authority from the Administrator of General Services to the Department of Agriculture under 40 U.S.C. 486, for programs and activities of the Department which are included in this Act, and for alterations and other actions needed for the Department and its agencies to consolidate unneeded space into configurations suitable for release to the Administrator of General Services, and for the operation, maintenance, improvement, and repair of Agriculture buildings and facilities, and for related costs, [$233,000,000] $64,825,000, to remain available until expended, of which [$164,470,000 shall be available for payments to the General Services Administration for rent; of which $13,800,000 is for payments to the Department of Homeland Security for building security activities; and of which $54,730,000] $64,825,000 is for buildings operations and maintenance expenses: Provided, That the Secretary may use unobligated prior year balances of an agency or office that are no longer available for new obligation to cover shortfalls incurred in prior year rental payments for such agency or office[: Provided further, That the Secretary is authorized to transfer funds from a Departmental agency to this account to recover the full cost of the space and security expenses of that agency that are funded by this account when the actual costs exceed the agency estimate which will be available for the activities and payments described herein]. (Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2014.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–0117–0–1–352 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Rental payments to GSA: Non-recurring repairs 176 164
0002 Building operations and maintenance 27 59 43
0003 Homeland Security 12 12 12
0004 DHS building security 13 14
0005 Life Safety Projects 10



0799 Total direct obligations 228 249 65
0802 Reimbursable program 4 5 5



0900 Total new obligations 232 254 70

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 23 48 2
1021 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations 1



1050 Unobligated balance (total) 24 48 2
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 271 233 65
1130 Appropriations permanently reduced –19
1131 Unobligated balance of appropriations permanently reduced –30



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 252 203 65
Spending authority from offsetting collections, discretionary:
1700 Collected 4 5 5



1750 Spending auth from offsetting collections, disc (total) 4 5 5
1900 Budget authority (total) 256 208 70
1930 Total budgetary resources available 280 256 72
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 48 2 2

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 39 24 20
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 232 254 70
3020 Outlays (gross) –246 –258 –72
3040 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, unexpired –1



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 24 20 18
Uncollected payments:
3060 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, brought forward, Oct 1 –8 –8 –8



3090 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, end of year –8 –8 –8
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year 31 16 12
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 16 12 10

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 256 208 70
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 224 235 69
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 22 23 3



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 246 258 72
Offsets against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (collected) from:
4030 Federal sources –4 –5 –5
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 252 203 65
4190 Outlays, net (total) 242 253 67

Unfunded deficiencies:
7000 Unfunded deficiency, start of year –8
Change in deficiency during the year:
7012 New budget authority used to liquidate deficiencies 8

This account finances the operations, repair, improvement and maintenance activities of two headquarters buildings in Washington, DC and the George Washington Carver Center in Beltsville, MD. The 2015 budget proposes decentralization of rent and Department of Homeland Security payments to the USDA agencies, and proposes transferring those funds to the agencies for direct payment to GSA and DHS. Funding for rental payments to GSA by the Forest Service was not included in this proposal, as the Forest Service is funded in the Interior and Related Agencies Appropriations Act. The 2015 Budget requests $65 million for operations and maintenance.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–0117–0–1–352 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Direct obligations:
11.1 Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent 9 9 9
12.1 Civilian personnel benefits 3 2 2
23.1 Rental payments to GSA 171 164
23.3 Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous charges 4 10 10
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 15 28 22
25.3 Other goods and services from Federal sources 18 14
25.4 Operation and maintenance of facilities 8 22 21



99.0 Direct obligations 228 249 64
99.0 Reimbursable obligations 3 5 5
99.5 Below reporting threshold 1 1



99.9 Total new obligations 232 254 70

Employment Summary


Identification code 12–0117–0–1–352 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

1001 Direct civilian full-time equivalent employment 90 92 92
2001 Reimbursable civilian full-time equivalent employment 1

Office of Inspector General

Federal Funds

Office of Inspector General

For necessary expenses of the Office of Inspector General, including employment pursuant to the Inspector General Act of 1978, [$89,902,000] $97,240,000, including such sums as may be necessary for contracting and other arrangements with public agencies and private persons pursuant to section 6(a)(9) of the Inspector General Act of 1978, and including not to exceed $125,000 for certain confidential operational expenses, including the payment of informants, to be expended under the direction of the Inspector General pursuant to Public Law 95–452 and section 1337 of Public Law 97–98. (Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2014.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–0900–0–1–352 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Office of the Inspector General 89 90 97
0801 Reimbursable program 3 3



0900 Total new obligations 89 93 100

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 10 6 7
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 89 90 97
1130 Appropriations permanently reduced –7



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 82 90 97
Spending authority from offsetting collections, discretionary:
1700 Collected 4 4 4
1701 Change in uncollected payments, Federal sources –1



1750 Spending auth from offsetting collections, disc (total) 3 4 4
1900 Budget authority (total) 85 94 101
1930 Total budgetary resources available 95 100 108
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 6 7 8

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 17 9 8
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 89 93 100
3011 Obligations incurred, expired accounts 3
3020 Outlays (gross) –94 –94 –100
3041 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, expired –6



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 9 8 8
Uncollected payments:
3060 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, brought forward, Oct 1 –3 –1 –1
3070 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired 1
3071 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, expired 1



3090 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, end of year –1 –1 –1
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year 14 8 7
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 8 7 7

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 85 94 101
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 81 86 92
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 13 8 8



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 94 94 100
Offsets against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (collected) from:
4030 Federal sources –5 –4 –4
Additional offsets against gross budget authority only:
4050 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired 1
4052 Offsetting collections credited to expired accounts 1



4060 Additional offsets against budget authority only (total) 2



4070 Budget authority, net (discretionary) 82 90 97
4080 Outlays, net (discretionary) 89 90 96
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 82 90 97
4190 Outlays, net (total) 89 90 96

The Office of Inspector General provides the Secretary and Congress with information or intelligence about fraud, other serious problems, mismanagement, and deficiencies in Department programs and operations, recommends corrective action, and reports on the progress made in correcting the problems. The Office reviews existing and proposed legislation and regulations and makes recommendations to the Secretary and Congress regarding the impact these laws have on the Department's programs and the prevention and detection of fraud and mismanagement in such programs. The Office provides policy direction and conducts, supervises, and coordinates all audits and investigations. The Office supervises and coordinates other activities in the Department and between the Department and other Federal, State and local government agencies whose purposes are to: (a) promote economy and efficiency; (b) prevent and detect fraud and mismanagement; and (c) identify and prosecute people involved in fraud or mismanagement.

OIG's $97 million request includes $423,000 to support the Council of the Inspector General on Integrity and Efficiency, established under the authority of the Inspector General Reform Act of 2008 to coordinate Federal efforts to improve program delivery.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–0900–0–1–352 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Direct obligations:
11.1 Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent 53 54 55
12.1 Civilian personnel benefits 19 19 20
21.0 Travel and transportation of persons 3 3 4
23.3 Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous charges 2 3 4
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 5 6 7
25.3 Other goods and services from Federal sources 2 2 2
26.0 Supplies and materials 1 1 2
31.0 Equipment 1 2 3



99.0 Direct obligations 86 90 97
99.0 Reimbursable obligations 3 3 3



99.9 Total new obligations 89 93 100

Employment Summary


Identification code 12–0900–0–1–352 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

1001 Direct civilian full-time equivalent employment 520 525 537

Office of the General Counsel

Federal Funds

Office of the General Counsel

For necessary expenses of the Office of the General Counsel, [$41,202,000] $47,567,000.

Office of Ethics

For necessary expenses of the Office of Ethics, [$3,440,000] $3,867,000. (Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2014.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–2300–0–1–352 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Office of the General Counsel 45 45 51
0801 Reimbursable program activity 3 4 4



0900 Total new obligations 48 49 55

Budgetary Resources:
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 48 45 51
1120 Appropriations transferred to other accts [12–4609] –1
1130 Appropriations permanently reduced –3



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 44 45 51
Spending authority from offsetting collections, discretionary:
1700 Collected 3 4 4
1701 Change in uncollected payments, Federal sources 1



1750 Spending auth from offsetting collections, disc (total) 4 4 4
1900 Budget authority (total) 48 49 55
1930 Total budgetary resources available 48 49 55

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 6 5 3
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 48 49 55
3020 Outlays (gross) –48 –51 –54
3041 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, expired –1



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 5 3 4
Uncollected payments:
3060 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, brought forward, Oct 1 –4 –2 –2
3070 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired –1
3071 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, expired 3



3090 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, end of year –2 –2 –2
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year 2 3 1
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 3 1 2

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 48 49 55
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 44 47 52
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 4 4 2



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 48 51 54
Offsets against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (collected) from:
4030 Federal sources –6 –4 –4
Additional offsets against gross budget authority only:
4050 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired –1
4052 Offsetting collections credited to expired accounts 3



4060 Additional offsets against budget authority only (total) 2



4070 Budget authority, net (discretionary) 44 45 51
4080 Outlays, net (discretionary) 42 47 50
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 44 45 51
4190 Outlays, net (total) 42 47 50

The Office of the General Counsel of the Department of Agriculture provides legal advice, counsel, and services to the Secretary and to all agencies, offices, and corporations of the Department on all aspects of their operations. It represents the Department in administrative proceedings; non-litigation debt collection proceedings; State water rights adjudications; proceedings before the Civilian Board of Contract Appeal, the Merit System Protection Board, the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, the USDA Office of Administrative Law Judges, and other Federal agencies; and, in conjunction with the Department of Justice, in judicial proceedings and litigation in the Federal and State courts. All attorneys and support personnel devoted to those efforts are supervised by the General Counsel. The 2015 Budget requests $48 million, including an increase of $6.4 million for 31 FTEs to handle an increased workload, to support current staff, rent, and enhance OGC's information technology reporting capabilities and litigation management tools.

The Office of Ethics provides ethics advice, counsel and training to all USDA officials and employees, and conducts annual financial disclosure reviews. The work of the Office of Ethics promotes employee compliance with Federal conflict of interest laws and regulations. The 2015 Budget requests $4 million.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–2300–0–1–352 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Direct obligations:
11.1 Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent 31 33 39
12.1 Civilian personnel benefits 9 9 9
23.3 Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous charges 2 1 1
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 1 1 1
26.0 Supplies and materials 1 1 1



99.0 Direct obligations 44 45 51
99.0 Reimbursable obligations 4 4 4



99.9 Total new obligations 48 49 55

Employment Summary


Identification code 12–2300–0–1–352 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

1001 Direct civilian full-time equivalent employment 272 241 272
1001 Direct civilian full-time equivalent employment 24 27
2001 Reimbursable civilian full-time equivalent employment 21 24 24
2001 Reimbursable civilian full-time equivalent employment 2 2

Economic Research Service

Federal Funds

Economic Research Service

For necessary expenses of the Economic Research Service, [$78,058,000] $83,446,000. (Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2014.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–1701–0–1–352 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Economic Research Service 71 76 81
0801 Reimbursable program activity 4 3 3



0900 Total new obligations 75 79 84

Budgetary Resources:
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 77 78 83
1130 Appropriations permanently reduced –6



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 71 78 83
Spending authority from offsetting collections, discretionary:
1700 Collected 1 1 1
1701 Change in uncollected payments, Federal sources 3



1750 Spending auth from offsetting collections, disc (total) 4 1 1
1900 Budget authority (total) 75 79 84
1930 Total budgetary resources available 75 79 84

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 37 30 21
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 75 79 84
3011 Obligations incurred, expired accounts 20
3020 Outlays (gross) –82 –88 –85
3041 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, expired –20



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 30 21 20
Uncollected payments:
3060 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, brought forward, Oct 1 –6 –7 –7
3070 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired –3
3071 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, expired 2



3090 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, end of year –7 –7 –7
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year 31 23 14
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 23 14 13

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 75 79 84
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 60 64 68
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 22 24 17



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 82 88 85
Offsets against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (collected) from:
4030 Federal sources –3 –1 –1
Additional offsets against gross budget authority only:
4050 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired –3
4052 Offsetting collections credited to expired accounts 2



4060 Additional offsets against budget authority only (total) –1



4070 Budget authority, net (discretionary) 71 78 83
4080 Outlays, net (discretionary) 79 87 84
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 71 78 83
4190 Outlays, net (total) 79 87 84

The Economic Research Service provides economic and other social science research and analysis to inform public and private decision making on food, agriculture, natural resources, and rural America. The Agency's mission is to anticipate issues that are on the horizon, and to conduct sound, peer-reviewed economic research. ERS is also the primary source of statistical indicators that, among other things, gauge the health of the farm sector (including farm income estimates and projections), assess the current and expected performance of the agricultural sector (including trade), and provide measures of food security here and abroad. Most of the Agency's research is conducted by a highly trained staff of economists and social scientists through an intramural program of research, market outlook, and analysis.

Five principles characterize ERS' core program: (1) Research that builds on unique or confidential data sources at the Federal level and is inherent in the role of a Federal Statistical Agency, including the Agricultural Resource Management Survey (ARMS) and associated farm and farm household finance estimates, consumer data and related research on food consumption, and development of USDA's commodity market outlook; (2) Research that provides coordination for a national perspective or framework, setting a single standard; (3) Research that requires a sustained investment and large teams; (4) Research that directly services the U.S. Government or USDA's long-term national goals such as the cost to the economy of sickness and premature death due to foodborne illnesses for FSIS, rural definition analysis for Rural development, and conservation program options for FSA and NCRS; and (5) Research that addresses questions with short-run payoff or has immediate policy implications.

ERS draws on the expertise of external collaborators through grants and cooperative research agreements for issues that require expertise beyond the scope of the current program or that require knowledge of state or regional issues. The 2015 budget request of $83,446,000 continues to fund ERS' core program of research, data analysis, and market outlook, and in addition, augments the 2014 program enhancement, Research Innovations for Improving Policy Effectiveness, which will strengthen ERS' ability to conduct research through two innovative strategies—the use of behavioral economics and the statistical use of administrative data—to address critical information gaps that hinder policy effectiveness. Additional funding also will be provided for the Agricultural Resource Management Survey (ARMS). Through the initiative's support, ERS will expand internal expertise, support collaboration with USDA program agencies, and form partnerships with extramural researchers to: (1) fund experiments that incorporate concepts from behavioral economics, identifying high (and low) performing options without the costs associated with new program implementation; and (2) create and evaluate unique merged administrative data systems by linking multiple sources, assessing statistical properties, and analyzing the merged data for policy-relevant research.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–1701–0–1–352 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation:
11.1 Full-time permanent 34 37 37
11.3 Other than full-time permanent 1 1 1
11.5 Other personnel compensation 1 1 1



11.9 Total personnel compensation 36 39 39
12.1 Civilian personnel benefits 10 11 11
21.0 Travel and transportation of persons 1 1 1
23.3 Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous charges 1 1 1
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 4 5 5
25.3 Other goods and services from Federal sources 14 14 20
25.5 Research and development contracts 3 3 2
26.0 Supplies and materials 1 1 1
41.0 Grants, subsidies, and contributions 1 1 1



99.0 Direct obligations 71 76 81
99.0 Reimbursable obligations 4 3 3



99.9 Total new obligations 75 79 84

Employment Summary


Identification code 12–1701–0–1–352 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

1001 Direct civilian full-time equivalent employment 348 369 369
2001 Reimbursable civilian full-time equivalent employment 1 1 1

National Agricultural Statistics Service

Federal Funds

National Agricultural Statistics Service

For necessary expenses of the National Agricultural Statistics Service, [$161,206,000] $178,999,000, of which up to [$44,545,000] $48,044,000 shall be available until expended for the Census of Agriculture: Provided, That amounts made available for the Census of Agriculture may be used to conduct Current Industrial Report surveys subject to 7 U.S.C. 2204g(d) and (f). (Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2014.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–1801–0–1–352 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Agricultural estimates 102 109 121
0002 Statistical research and service 7 7 10
0003 Census of agriculture 72 45 48



0799 Total direct obligations 181 161 179
0801 Reimbursable program 23 23 22



0900 Total new obligations 204 184 201

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1021 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations 14



1050 Unobligated balance (total) 14
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 179 161 179
1120 Appropriations transferred to other accts [12–1801] –58 –45 –48
1121 Appropriations transferred from other accts [12–1801] 58 45 48
1130 Appropriations permanently reduced –13



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 166 161 179
Spending authority from offsetting collections, discretionary:
1700 Collected 16 23 22
1701 Change in uncollected payments, Federal sources 8



1750 Spending auth from offsetting collections, disc (total) 24 23 22
1900 Budget authority (total) 190 184 201
1930 Total budgetary resources available 204 184 201

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 42 36 27
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 204 184 201
3011 Obligations incurred, expired accounts 1
3020 Outlays (gross) –196 –193 –204
3040 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, unexpired –14
3041 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, expired –1



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 36 27 24
Uncollected payments:
3060 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, brought forward, Oct 1 –6 –9 –9
3070 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired –8
3071 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, expired 5



3090 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, end of year –9 –9 –9
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year 36 27 18
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 27 18 15

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 190 184 201
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 162 166 181
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 34 27 23



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 196 193 204
Offsets against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (collected) from:
4030 Federal sources –17 –21 –20
4033 Non-Federal sources –4 –2 –2



4040 Offsets against gross budget authority and outlays (total) –21 –23 –22
Additional offsets against gross budget authority only:
4050 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired –8
4052 Offsetting collections credited to expired accounts 5



4060 Additional offsets against budget authority only (total) –3



4070 Budget authority, net (discretionary) 166 161 179
4080 Outlays, net (discretionary) 175 170 182
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 166 161 179
4190 Outlays, net (total) 175 170 182

The National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) provides the official National and State estimates of acreage, yield, and production of crops, stocks, value and expenditures associated with farm commodities, and inventory, values, and expenditures of livestock items. Data on approximately 120 crops and 45 livestock products are covered in over 400 reports issued each year. In addition, the Census of Agriculture, which is conducted every five years for years ending in 2 and 7, takes a snapshot of America's agriculture and provides comprehensive data on the Nation's agricultural industry down to the county level. NASS' responsibilities are authorized under the Agricultural Marketing Act of 1946 (7 U.S.C 1621–1627) and the Census of Agriculture Act of 1997, Public Law 105–113 (7 U.S.C. 2204 g(d)(f)).

In 2013, NASS completed its restructuring to 12 Regional offices serving all 50 States. NASS deployed a multifaceted transformation over the past five years that focused on making the agency more nimble to respond to data needs in support of American agriculture. NASS is now more centralized with standardized processes on applications and a business model focused on providing relevant solutions.

Agricultural Estimates.—The Agricultural Estimates program is vital for producers, agricultural commodity markets in the U.S. and the world, policy makers in government, and people involved in making planning, investment, price discovery mechanisms, and marketing decisions. Billions of dollars could be put at risk without these essential Agricultural Estimates statistical reports. The work under this activity is conducted through 12 Regional offices serving all 50 States. Cooperative arrangements with State agencies provide additional State and county data. In order to support Administration priorities and improve efficiency, NASS has carefully completed a comprehensive review of existng programs to determine which programs are most critical to serving agency goals, with evaluations based on the following prioritites: 1) Federal Principal Economic Indicator data; 2) data which directly impact commodity markets; 3) data necessary to implement the USDA programs which provide payments to farmers and are used to administer the farm safety net for producers; and 4) data for which there are no other publicly available sources of information. In 2013, NASS achieved several accomplishments: 1) increased the number of livestock commodity reports that have a corresponding data quality measure and methodology reports; 2) collaborated with the Economic Research Service (ERS) to issue Broiler Highlights from the 2012 Agricultural Resource Management Survey (ARMS) of the U.S. broiler industry; 3) examined model-based estimation techniques to improve the statistical reliability of published forecasts and provide accurate error measures; 4) explored methods to identify operations for which it is most unlikely to obtain responses in future surveys during data collection; and 5) completed the fourth 48 state Cropland Data Layer (CDL) in 2013 for the 2012 crop year as well as going back to the 2008 crop year and creating a fifth CDL.

Census of Agriculture.—The Census of Agriculture provides the only source of comparable and consistent detailed data about agriculture and helps to measure trends and new development in the agricultural sector of our Nation's economy. The Census Agriculture is critical because it provides comprehensive data on the agriculture economy, land use, production expenses, value of land and buildings, farm size and characteristics of farm operators, market value of agricultural production sold, acreage of major crops, inventory of livestock and poultry, and farm irrigation practices. In 2013, NASS achieved several accomplishments: 1) completed all data collection for the 2012 Census of Agriculture; 2) significantly increased the number of responses via Internet reporting, using improved user-friendly questionnaires and by highlighting the NASS public messaging that electronic reporting is quicker, easier, secure, and leads to less mail correspondent burden; 3) revised the process of implementing improved weighting methodology for the Census of Agriculture; 4) completed content and design forms for the Farm and Ranch Irrigation Survey; and 5) completed content and design forms for the Census of Aquaculture.

The 2015 total request is $178,999,000 for NASS. In 2015, funding for Agricultural Estimates will increase to $130,955,000 to conduct 1) the essential Federal Principal Economic Indicator surveys; 2) fruit and vegetable in-season forecasts for fruits and nuts reinstated at the 2010 level; 3) chemical use rotation reinstated to the 2010 level; 4) expanded Geospatial Research to: 4a) enhance the current satellite based agriculture statistics monitoring, 4b) extend current monitoring capabilities of CropScape and VegScape and provide new information that supports them, and 4c) enhance the evaluation of climate change at the local level on crop production; and 5) two new Bee Studies: 5a) a quarterly survey on Bee and Honey Production with additional questions to assess colony loss, and 5b) an annual survey on Pollination Service Costs to gain more data in an effort to examine Colony Collapse Disorder. NASS continues to review its programs to improve efficiency and as a result of moving forward with the geospatial program and the Bee Studies. Moving into the future with the expanded Geospatial research serves a dual purpose of capacity building for a new geospatial intelligence, enabling more accurate, detailed data; and systematic greenhouse gas modeling, monitoring, and assessment from the national to the local scale. Additionally, to better understand and mitigate the potentially disastrous Colony Collapse Disorder it is vital to obtain more data to study and understand what can be done to change the current status.

The 2015 NASS request includes $48,044,000 for the Census of Agriculture. NASS will 1) continue planning and begin preparations for the 2017 Census of Agriculture; 2) continue producing the Current Agricultural Industrial Reports (CAIRs) including: 2a) Fats and Oils: Production, Consumption, and Stocks, 2b) Fats and Oils: Oilseed Crushings, 2c) Consumption on the Cotton System and Stocks, and 2d) Flour Milling Products; 3) conduct the quinquennial COA special study Census of Horticulture; and 4) conduct the Tenure, Ownership, and Transition of Land (TOTAL) survey which has been a Follow-on to the Census of Agriculture every 10 years up to the 1999 program. Data from this new TOTAL survey will inform policy decisions for USDA programs linked to farm land ownership and rental arrangements, inform research on generational transitions in agriculture, and provide updated parameters for the National Accounts that ERS provides to the Bureau of Economic Analysis (Department of Commerce).

Miscellaneous funds received from local organizations, commodity groups, and others are available for dissemination of reports and for survey work conducted under cooperative agreements (7 U.S.C. 450b, 450h, 3318b). NASS also provides technical consultation, support, and assistance for international programs under participating agency service agreements.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–1801–0–1–352 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation:
11.1 Full-time permanent 66 75 81
11.3 Other than full-time permanent 3 1 1
11.5 Other personnel compensation 1 1 1



11.9 Total personnel compensation 70 77 83
12.1 Civilian personnel benefits 27 27 29
21.0 Travel and transportation of persons 8 4 2
22.0 Transportation of things 3 2 2
23.3 Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous charges 10 9 19
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 33 24 27
25.3 Other goods and services from Federal sources 25 14 13
25.7 Operation and maintenance of equipment 1 1 1
26.0 Supplies and materials 1 1 1
31.0 Equipment 3 2 2



99.0 Direct obligations 181 161 179
99.0 Reimbursable obligations 23 23 22



99.9 Total new obligations 204 184 201

Employment Summary


Identification code 12–1801–0–1–352 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

1001 Direct civilian full-time equivalent employment 979 933 980
2001 Reimbursable civilian full-time equivalent employment 106 106 106

Agricultural Research Service

Federal Funds

Salaries and Expenses

For necessary expenses of the Agricultural Research Service and for acquisition of lands by donation, exchange, or purchase at a nominal cost not to exceed $100, and for land exchanges where the lands exchanged shall be of equal value or shall be equalized by a payment of money to the grantor which shall not exceed 25 percent of the total value of the land or interests transferred out of Federal ownership, [$1,122,482,000] $1,104,403,000: Provided, That appropriations hereunder shall be available for the operation and maintenance of aircraft and the purchase of not to exceed one for replacement only: Provided further, That appropriations hereunder shall be available pursuant to 7 U.S.C. 2250 for the construction, alteration, and repair of buildings and improvements, but unless otherwise provided, the cost of constructing any one building shall not exceed $375,000, except for headhouses or greenhouses which shall each be limited to $1,200,000, and except for 10 buildings to be constructed or improved at a cost not to exceed $750,000 each, and the cost of altering any one building during the fiscal year shall not exceed 10 percent of the current replacement value of the building or $375,000, whichever is greater: Provided further, That the limitations on alterations contained in this Act shall not apply to modernization or replacement of existing facilities at Beltsville, Maryland: Provided further, That appropriations hereunder shall be available for granting easements at the Beltsville Agricultural Research Center: Provided further, That the foregoing limitations shall not apply to replacement of buildings needed to carry out the Act of April 24, 1948 (21 U.S.C. 113a): Provided further, That appropriations hereunder shall be available for granting easements at any Agricultural Research Service location for the construction of a research facility by a non-Federal entity for use by, and acceptable to, the Agricultural Research Service and a condition of the easements shall be that upon completion the facility shall be accepted by the Secretary, subject to the availability of funds herein, if the Secretary finds that acceptance of the facility is in the interest of the United States: [Provided further, That section 732(b) of division A of Public Law 112–55 (125 Stat. 587) is amended by adding at the end the following new sentence: "The conveyance authority provided by this subsection expires September 30, 2015, and all conveyances under this subsection must be completed by that date.'':] Provided further, That funds may be received from any State, other political subdivision, organization, or individual for the purpose of establishing or operating any research facility or research project of the Agricultural Research Service, as authorized by law. (Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2014.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–1400–0–1–352 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Product quality/value added 93 99 95
0002 Livestock production 70 87 82
0003 Crop production 211 216 218
0004 Food safety 89 102 97
0005 Livestock protection 54 74 71
0006 Crop protection 171 181 174
0007 Human nutrition research 79 86 86
0008 Environmental stewardship 175 200 199
0009 National Agricultural Library 21 24 24
0010 Repair and maintenance of facilities 18 20 20
0011 Decentralized GSA and Security Payments 5
0012 Homeland security 33 33 33
0014 Miscellaneous Fees/Supplementals 9



0799 Total direct obligations 1,014 1,131 1,104
0881 Reimbursable program activity 137 137 137



0889 Reimbursable program activities, subtotal 137 137 137



0900 Total new obligations 1,151 1,268 1,241

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 9 9
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 1,102 1,122 1,104
1130 Appropriations permanently reduced –85



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 1,017 1,122 1,104
Spending authority from offsetting collections, discretionary:
1700 Collected 37 137 137
1701 Change in uncollected payments, Federal sources 100



1750 Spending auth from offsetting collections, disc (total) 137 137 137
1900 Budget authority (total) 1,154 1,259 1,241
1930 Total budgetary resources available 1,163 1,268 1,241
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1940 Unobligated balance expiring –3
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 9

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 420 366 317
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 1,151 1,268 1,241
3011 Obligations incurred, expired accounts 16
3020 Outlays (gross) –1,201 –1,317 –1,245
3041 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, expired –20



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 366 317 313
Uncollected payments:
3060 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, brought forward, Oct 1 –180 –183 –183
3070 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired –100
3071 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, expired 97



3090 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, end of year –183 –183 –183
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year 240 183 134
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 183 134 130

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 1,154 1,259 1,241
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 917 952 938
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 284 365 307



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 1,201 1,317 1,245
Offsets against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (collected) from:
4030 Federal sources –99 –82 –82
4033 Non-Federal sources –31 –55 –55



4040 Offsets against gross budget authority and outlays (total) –130 –137 –137
Additional offsets against gross budget authority only:
4050 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired –100
4052 Offsetting collections credited to expired accounts 93



4060 Additional offsets against budget authority only (total) –7



4070 Budget authority, net (discretionary) 1,017 1,122 1,104
4080 Outlays, net (discretionary) 1,071 1,180 1,108
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 1,017 1,122 1,104
4190 Outlays, net (total) 1,071 1,180 1,108

The Agricultural Research Service (ARS) is the principal in-house research agency of the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA). ARS conducts scientific research to develop and transfer solutions to agricultural problems of high national priority and to provide information access and dissemination to: ensure high-quality, safe food, and other agricultural products; assess the nutritional needs of Americans; sustain a competitive agricultural economy; enhance the natural resource base and the environment; and provide economic opportunities for rural citizens, communities, and society as a whole. This mission is carried out through ARS' major research program areas and other activities listed below (in italics).

The major research programs in ARS address and support the Department's priorities and are: New Products/Product Quality/Value Added; Environmental Stewardship; Livestock/Crop Production; Livestock/Crop Protection; Food Safety; and Human Nutrition.

The 2015 Salaries and Expenses budget for ARS requests $1.104 million which includes increases for new and expanded research initiatives in environmental stewardship; livestock/crop breeding and protection; food safety; child and human nutrition; pollinator health; and the National Agricultural Library. ARS will finance these new and expanded initiatives almost entirely through the redirection of existing lines of research. The proposed reductions will provide necessary funding for the critical research priorities proposed by the agency for 2015.

New Products/Product Quality/Value Added._ARS has active research programs directed toward 1) improving the efficiency and reducing the cost for the conversion of agricultural products into biobased products and biofuels; 2) developing new and improved products for domestic and foreign markets; and 3) providing higher quality, healthy foods that satisfy consumer needs in the United States and abroad.
Environmental.—ARS research programs in environmental stewardship span the areas of water availability and watershed management; climate change, soil, and emissions; agricultural and industrial byproducts; agricultural system competitiveness and sustainability; and pasture, forage, and rangeland systems. Emphasis is given to developing technologies and systems that support profitable production and enhance the Nation's vast renewable natural resource base. ARS is currently developing the scientific knowledge and technologies needed to meet the challenges and opportunities facing U.S. agriculture in managing water resource quality and quantity under different climatic regimes, production systems, and environmental conditions. ARS research programs also focus on developing measurement, prediction, and control technologies for emissions of greenhouse gases, particulate matter, ammonia, hydrogen sulfide, and volatile organic compounds affecting air quality and land surface climate interactions. The agency is a leader in developing measurement and modeling techniques for characterizing gaseous and particulate matter emissions from agriculture. In addition, ARS is evaluating strategies for enhancing the health and productivity of soils, including developing predictive tools to assess the sustainability of alternative land management practices. Finding mechanisms to aid agriculture in adapting to changes in atmospheric composition and climatic variations is also an important component of ARS research. ARS' range and grazing land research includes the conservation and restoration of the Nation's range land and pasture ecosystems and agroecosystems through improved management of fire, invasive weeds, grazing, global change, and other agents of ecological change. The agency is currently developing improved grass and forage legume germplasm for livestock, conservation, bioenergy, and bioproduct systems as well as grazing-based livestock systems that reduce risk and increase profitability. In addition, ARS is developing whole system management strategies to reduce production costs and risks.

Livestock Production._ARS' livestock production program is directed toward fostering an abundant, safe, nutritionally wholesome, and competitively priced supply of animal products produced in a viable, competitive, and sustainable animal agriculture sector of the economy by: 1) safeguarding and utilizing animal genetic resources, associated genetic and genomic databases, and bioinformatic tools; 2) developing a basic understanding of food animal physiology for food animal industry issues related to animal production, animal well-being, and product quality and healthfulness; and 3) developing information, best management practices, novel and innovative tools, and technologies that improve animal production systems, enhance human health, and ensure domestic food security.

Crop Production._ARS' crop production program focuses on developing and improving ways to reduce crop losses while protecting and ensuring a safe and affordable food supply. The research program concentrates on effective production strategies that are environmentally friendly, safe to consumers, and compatible with sustainable and profitable crop production systems. Research activities are directed at safeguarding and utilizing plant genetic resources and their associated genetic, genomic, and bioinformatic databases that facilitate selection of varieties and/or germplasm with significantly improved traits. Current research activities minimize the impacts of crop pests while maintaining healthy crops and safe commodities that can be sold in markets throughout the world. ARS is conducting research to discover and exploit naturally occurring and engineered genetic mechanisms for plant pest control, develop agronomic germplasm with durable defensive traits, and transfer genetic resources for commercial use. ARS provides taxonomic information on invasive species that strengthens prevention techniques, aids in detection/identification of invasive pests, and increases control through management tactics that restore habitats and biological diversity.

Livestock Protection._ARS' research on livestock protection is directed at protecting and ensuring the safety of the Nation's agriculture and food supply through improved disease detection, prevention, control, and treatment. Basic and applied research approaches are used to solve animal health problems of high national priority. Emphasis is given to methods and procedures to control animal diseases through the discovery and development of diagnostics, vaccines, biotherapeutics, animal genomics applications, disease management systems, animal disease models, and farm biosecurity measures. The research program has ten strategic objectives: 1) establish ARS laboratories into a fluid, highly effective research network to maximize use of core competencies and resources; 2) ensure access to specialized high containment facilities to study zoonotic and emerging diseases; 3) develop an integrated animal and microbial genomics research program; 4) establish core competencies in bovine, swine, ovine, and avian immunology; 5) launch a biotherapeutic discovery program providing alternatives to animal drugs; 6) build a technology-driven vaccine and diagnostic discovery research program; 7) develop core competencies in field epidemiology and predictive biology; 8) develop internationally recognized expert collaborative research laboratories; 9) establish a best-in-class training center for our Nation's veterinarians and scientists; and 10) develop a model technology transfer program to achieve the full impact of ARS research discoveries.

Crop Protection._ARS' research on crop protection is directed toward epidemiological investigations to understand pest and disease transmission mechanisms, and to identify and apply new technologies that increase understanding of virulence factors and host defense mechanisms. Currently, ARS research priorities include identification of: 1) genes that convey virulence traits in pathogens and pests; 2) factors that modulate infectivity, gene functions, and mechanisms; 3) genetic profiles that provide specified levels of disease and insect resistance under field conditions; and 4) mechanisms that facilitate the spread of pests and infectious diseases. ARS is developing new knowledge and integrated pest management approaches to control pest and disease outbreaks as they occur. Its research will improve the knowledge and understanding of the ecology, physiology, epidemiology, and molecular biology of emerging diseases and pests. This knowledge will be incorporated into pest risk assessments and management strategies to minimize chemical inputs and increase production. Strategies and approaches will be available to producers to control emerging crop diseases and pest outbreaks.

Food Safety._Assuring that the United States has the highest levels of affordable, safe food requires that the food system be protected at each stage from production through processing and consumption from pathogens, toxins, and chemical contaminants that cause diseases in humans. The U.S. food supply is very diverse, extensive, easily accessible, and thus vulnerable to the introduction of biological and chemical contaminants through natural processes, intentional means, or by global commerce. ARS' current food safety research is designed to yield science-based knowledge on the safe production, storage, processing, and handling of plant and animal products, and on the detection and control of toxin producing and/or pathogenic bacteria and fungi, parasites, chemical contaminants, and plant toxins. All of ARS' research activities involve a high degree of cooperation and collaboration with USDA's Research, Education, and Economics agencies, as well as with FSIS, APHIS, FDA, CDC, DHS, and the EPA. ARS also collaborates on international research programs to address and resolve global food safety issues. Specific research efforts are directed toward developing new technologies that assist ARS stakeholders and customers, that is, regulatory agencies, industry, and commodity and consumer organizations, in detecting, identifying, and controlling foodborne diseases that affect human health.

Human Nutrition._Maintenance of health throughout life along with prevention of obesity and chronic diseases via food-based recommendations are the major emphases of ARS human nutrition research program. These health-related goals are based on the knowledge that deficiency diseases are no longer important public health concerns. Excessive consumption has become the primary nutrition problem in the American population. This is reflected by increased emphasis on prevention of obesity from basic science through intervention studies to assessments of large populations. ARS' research program also actively studies bioactive components of foods that have no known requirement but have health promoting activities. Four specific areas of research are currently emphasized: 1) nutrition monitoring and the food supply, e.g., a national diet survey and the food composition databank; 2) dietary guidance for health promotion and disease prevention, i.e., specific foods, nutrients, and dietary patterns that maintain health and prevent disease; 3) prevention of obesity and related diseases, including research as to why so few of the population follow the Dietary Guidelines for Americans; and 4) life stage nutrition and metabolism, in order to better define the role of nutrition in pregnancy and growth of children, and for healthier aging.

Library and Information Services._The National Agricultural Library (NAL) is the largest and most accessible agricultural research library in the world. It provides services directly to the staff of USDA and to the public, primarily via the NAL web site, http://www.nal.usda.gov. NAL was created with the USDA in 1862 and was named a national library by Congress in 1962, as the primary agricultural information resource of the United States. NAL is the premier library for collecting, managing, and disseminating agricultural knowledge. The Library is the repository of our Nation's agricultural heritage, the provider of world class information, and the wellspring for generating new fundamental knowledge and advancing scientific discovery. It is a priceless national resource that, through its services, programs, information products, and web-based tools and technologies, serves anyone who needs agricultural information. The Library's vision is "advancing access to global information for agriculture."

Repair and Maintenance of Facilities._Funds are used to restore, upgrade, and maintain ARS' facilities to meet Occupational Safety and Health Administration and EPA requirements, provide suitable workspace for in-house research programs, and to retrofit existing structures for better energy utilization.

Reimbursements._ARS performs research activities and services for other USDA, Federal, and non-Federal agencies. These activities and services are paid for on a reimbursable basis.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–1400–0–1–352 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation:
11.1 Full-time permanent 481 529 535
11.3 Other than full-time permanent 9 10 10
11.5 Other personnel compensation 10 11 11



11.9 Total personnel compensation 500 550 556
12.1 Civilian personnel benefits 163 179 181
21.0 Travel and transportation of persons 8 10 10
23.1 Rental payments to GSA 5
23.2 Rental payments to others 1
23.3 Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous charges 43 47 45
25.1 Advisory and assistance services 1 1 1
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 8 11 8
25.4 Operation and maintenance of facilities 31 35 32
25.5 Research and development contracts 142 159 143
25.7 Operation and maintenance of equipment 13 21 13
26.0 Supplies and materials 71 79 74
31.0 Equipment 20 22 21
32.0 Land and structures 5 6 5
41.0 Grants, subsidies, and contributions 9 10 10



99.0 Direct obligations 1,014 1,131 1,104
99.0 Reimbursable obligations 137 137 137



99.9 Total new obligations 1,151 1,268 1,241

Employment Summary


Identification code 12–1400–0–1–352 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

1001 Direct civilian full-time equivalent employment 6,381 6,773 6,773
2001 Reimbursable civilian full-time equivalent employment 555 555 555

Buildings and Facilities

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–1401–0–1–352 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Building and facilities projects 3 2

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 5 2
1930 Total budgetary resources available 5 2
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 2

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 30 18 8
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 3 2
3020 Outlays (gross) –15 –12 –8



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 18 8
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year 30 18 8
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 18 8

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
Outlays, gross:
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 15 12 8
4190 Outlays, net (total) 15 12 8

This account provides funds for the acquisition of land, construction, repair, improvement, extension, alteration, and purchase of fixed equipment or facilities of or used by the Agricultural Research Service.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–1401–0–1–352 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Direct obligations:
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 1 2
25.4 Operation and maintenance of facilities 2



99.9 Total new obligations 3 2

Trust Funds

Miscellaneous Contributed Funds

Special and Trust Fund Receipts (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–8214–0–7–352 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

0100 Balance, start of year
Receipts:
0220 Deposits of Miscellaneous Contributed Funds, Science and Education Administration 32 32 32



0400 Total: Balances and collections 32 32 32
Appropriations:
0500 Miscellaneous Contributed Funds –32 –32 –32



0799 Balance, end of year

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–8214–0–7–352 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Miscellaneous contributed funds 32 32 32

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 28 29 29
1021 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations 1



1050 Unobligated balance (total) 29 29 29
Budget authority:
Appropriations, mandatory:
1201 Appropriation (special or trust fund) 32 32 32



1260 Appropriations, mandatory (total) 32 32 32
1930 Total budgetary resources available 61 61 61
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 29 29 29

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 7 8 10
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 32 32 32
3020 Outlays (gross) –30 –30 –32
3040 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, unexpired –1



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 8 10 10
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year 7 8 10
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 8 10 10

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Mandatory:
4090 Budget authority, gross 32 32 32
Outlays, gross:
4100 Outlays from new mandatory authority 10 22 22
4101 Outlays from mandatory balances 20 8 10



4110 Outlays, gross (total) 30 30 32
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 32 32 32
4190 Outlays, net (total) 30 30 32

Miscellaneous contributed funds received from States, local organizations, individuals, and others are available for work under cooperative agreements on research activities.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–8214–0–7–352 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation:
11.1 Full-time permanent 6 6 6
11.3 Other than full-time permanent 1 1 1
11.5 Other personnel compensation 1 1 1



11.9 Total personnel compensation 8 8 8
12.1 Civilian personnel benefits 2 2 2
21.0 Travel and transportation of persons 1 1 1
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 3 3 3
25.5 Research and development contracts 6 6 6
26.0 Supplies and materials 4 4 4
31.0 Equipment 1 1 1
41.0 Grants, subsidies, and contributions 7 7 7



99.9 Total new obligations 32 32 32

Employment Summary


Identification code 12–8214–0–7–352 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

1001 Direct civilian full-time equivalent employment 122 122 122

National Institute of Food and Agriculture

Federal Funds

Integrated Activities

For the integrated research, education, and extension grants programs, including necessary administrative expenses, [$35,317,000] $28,821,000, which shall be for the purposes, and in the amounts, specified in the table titled "National Institute of Food and Agriculture, Integrated Activities'' [in the explanatory statement described in section 4 (in the matter preceding division A of this consolidated Act)] in the report accompanying this Act: Provided, That funds for the Food and Agriculture Defense Initiative shall remain available until September 30, [2015] 2016. (Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2014.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–1502–0–1–352 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0020 Water quality 4 4
0040 Regional pest management centers 4
0050 Crop Protection/Pest Management 17 17
0070 Methyl bromide transition program 2 2
0071 Homeland Security 5 7 7
0086 Specialty Crop Research Initiative 74 80
0087 Regional Rural development centers 1 1 1
0088 Organic transition 4 4 4
0089 Organic Research and Extension Initiative 19 20



0900 Total new obligations 20 128 129

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 1 7
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 21 35 29
1130 Appropriations permanently reduced –2



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 19 35 29
Appropriations, mandatory:
1221 Appropriations transferred from other accts [12–4336] 20 20
1221 Appropriations transferred from other accts [12–4336] 80 80



1260 Appropriations, mandatory (total) 100 100
1900 Budget authority (total) 19 135 129
1930 Total budgetary resources available 20 135 136
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 7 7

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 280 194 215
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 20 128 129
3011 Obligations incurred, expired accounts 13
3020 Outlays (gross) –105 –107 –140
3041 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, expired –14



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 194 215 204
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year 280 194 215
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 194 215 204

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 19 35 29
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 1 5 5
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 39 60 65



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 40 65 70
Mandatory:
4090 Budget authority, gross 100 100
Outlays, gross:
4100 Outlays from new mandatory authority 5 5
4101 Outlays from mandatory balances 65 37 65



4110 Outlays, gross (total) 65 42 70
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 19 135 129
4190 Outlays, net (total) 105 107 140

Under the Integrated Activities account, research, education and/or extension grants are awarded for competitive and non-competitive programs.

Organic Transition Program._This program supports the development and implementation of biologically based pest management practices that mitigate the ecological, agronomic, and economic risks associated with the transition from conventional to organic agricultural production systems. The 2015 Budget includes $4.0 million.

Crop Protection/Pest Management Program._This program supports projects that respond to pest management challenges with coordinated region-wide and national research, education, and extension programs, and serves as a catalyst for promoting further development and use of integrated pest management approaches. The program also fosters regional and national team building efforts, communication networks, and enhanced stakeholder participation. The 2015 Budget includes $17.1 million.

Regional rural development centers._Funding supports activities that pursue a holistic development strategy that tailors programming to meet regional and local needs and addresses areas of opportunity arising from a consumer-driven agricultural economy. The 2015 Budget includes $1.0 million.

Food and agriculture defense initiative (homeland security)._The program provides support and enhancement of nationally-coordinated plant and animal disease diagnostic networks and supports activities to identify and respond to high risk biological pathogens in the food and agricultural system. The 2015 Budget includes $6.7 million. Additional funding for these laboratories is included in the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service.

Organic Agriculture Research and Extension Initiative._This mandatory program, authorized by section 7206 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (FCEA), 2008 Farm Bill, supports research and extension programs that enhance the ability of producers and processors who have already adopted organic standards to grow and market high quality organic agricultural products. In 2015, mandatory funding for the program is $20 million.

Specialty Crop Research Initiative._This mandatory program, authorized by section 7311 of the FCEA, 2008 Farm Bill, provides funding to solve critical industry issues through research and extension activities that focus on research in plant breeding, genetics, and genomics to improve crop characteristics; efforts to identify and address threats from pests and diseases, including threats to specialty crop pollinators; efforts to improve production efficiency, productivity, and profitability over the long term; new innovations and technology, including improved mechanization and technologies that delay or inhibit ripening; and methods to prevent, detect, monitor, control, and respond to potential food safety hazards in the production and processing of specialty crops. In 2015, mandatory funding for the program is $80 million.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–1502–0–1–352 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Direct obligations:
11.1 Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent 1 1
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 2 2
41.0 Grants, subsidies, and contributions 20 125 126



99.9 Total new obligations 20 128 129

Employment Summary


Identification code 12–1502–0–1–352 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

1001 Direct civilian full-time equivalent employment 6 9 9

Biomass Research and Development

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–1003–0–1–271 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Biomass research and development 4 5 3



0900 Total new obligations (object class 41.0) 4 5 3

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 1 2
1021 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations 5



1050 Unobligated balance (total) 6 2
Budget authority:
Appropriations, mandatory:
1221 Appropriations transferred from other accts [12–4336] 3 3



1260 Appropriations, mandatory (total) 3 3
1930 Total budgetary resources available 6 5 3
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 2

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 95 67 37
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 4 5 3
3020 Outlays (gross) –27 –35 –31
3040 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, unexpired –5



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 67 37 9
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year 95 67 37
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 67 37 9

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Mandatory:
4090 Budget authority, gross 3 3
Outlays, gross:
4101 Outlays from mandatory balances 27 35 31
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 3 3
4190 Outlays, net (total) 27 35 31

Biomass Research and Development is authorized by the Biomass Research and Development Act of 2000. The program provides competitive grants for research, development, and demonstration to encourage innovation and development related to biomass, and improved commercialization of biobased products and energy. USDA and the Department of Energy jointly administer the program. In 2015, mandatory funding for the program is $3 million.

National Institute of Food and Agriculture

research and education activities

For payments to agricultural experiment stations, for cooperative forestry and other research, for facilities, and for other expenses, [$772,559,000] $837,747,000, which shall be for the purposes, and in the amounts, specified in the table titled "National Institute of Food and Agriculture, Research and Education Activities'' [in the explanatory statement described in section 4 (in the matter preceding division A of this consolidated Act)] in the report accompanying this Act: Provided, That funds for research grants for 1994 institutions, education grants for 1890 institutions, [capacity building for non-land-grant colleges of agriculture,] the agriculture and food research initiative, [Critical Agricultural Materials Act,] veterinary medicine loan repayment, [multicultural scholars, graduate fellowship and institution challenge grants,] the public-private partnerships for Innovation Institutes, and grants management systems shall remain available until expended: Provided further, That each institution eligible to receive funds under the Evans-Allen program receives no less than $1,000,000: Provided further, That funds for education grants for Alaska Native and Native Hawaiian-serving institutions be made available to individual eligible institutions or consortia of eligible institutions with funds awarded equally to each of the States of Alaska and Hawaii: Provided further, That funds for education grants for 1890 institutions shall be made available to institutions eligible to receive funds under 7 U.S.C. 3221 and 3222.

Hispanic-Serving Agricultural Colleges and Universities Endowment Fund

For the Hispanic-Serving Agricultural Colleges and Universities Endowment Fund under section 1456(b) (7 U.S.C. 3243(b)) of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977, $10,000,000, to remain available until expended.

Native American Institutions Endowment Fund

For the Native American Institutions Endowment Fund authorized by Public Law 103–382 (7 U.S.C. 301 note), $11,880,000, to remain available until expended. (Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2014.)

Special and Trust Fund Receipts (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–1500–0–1–352 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

0100 Balance, start of year 148 160 172
Receipts:
0240 Earnings on Investments, Native American Institutions Endowment Fund 5 5 5



0400 Total: Balances and collections 153 165 177
Appropriations:
0500 Research and Education Activities –5 –5 –5
0501 Research and Education Activities 12 12 22



0599 Total appropriations 7 7 17



0799 Balance, end of year 160 172 194

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–1500–0–1–352 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Payments under the Hatch Act 219 244 244
0002 Cooperative forestry research 30 34 34
0003 Payments to 1890 colleges and Tuskegee Univ. and West Virginia State University 47 52 52
0004 Special research grants 39 46 44
0005 Agriculture Food and Research Initiative 269 539 325
0006 Animal health and disease research 4 4
0007 Federal Administration 13 14 22
0008 Higher education 44 52 37
0009 Native American Institutions Endowment Fund 12 5 5
0012 Veterinary Medical Services Act 13 5
0015 Sun Grant Program 2 3
0016 Farm Business Management and Benchmarking 1 1
0019 Innovation Institutes 75
0021 Alfalfa Forage and Research Program 1
0022 Capacity Building for Non-Land Grant Colleges of Agriculture 5



0799 Total direct obligations 680 1,013 843
0801 Reimbursable program activity 12 12 12



0900 Total new obligations 692 1,025 855

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 198 235
1021 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations 30



1050 Unobligated balance (total) 228 235
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 751 785 860
1101 Appropriation (Native American Endowment Interest) 5 5 5
1130 Appropriations permanently reduced –55
1134 Portion precluded from obligation (-) (N.A. Endowment Fund) –12 –12 –22



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 689 778 843
Spending authority from offsetting collections, discretionary:
1700 Collected 1 12 12
1701 Change in uncollected payments, Federal sources 11



1750 Spending auth from offsetting collections, disc (total) 12 12 12
1900 Budget authority (total) 701 790 855
1930 Total budgetary resources available 929 1,025 855
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1940 Unobligated balance expiring –2
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 235

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 1,075 1,067 1,099
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 692 1,025 855
3011 Obligations incurred, expired accounts 13
3020 Outlays (gross) –668 –993 –1,001
3040 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, unexpired –30
3041 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, expired –15



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 1,067 1,099 953
Uncollected payments:
3060 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, brought forward, Oct 1 –31 –38 –38
3070 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired –11
3071 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, expired 4



3090 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, end of year –38 –38 –38
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year 1,044 1,029 1,061
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 1,029 1,061 915

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 701 790 855
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 116 411 444
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 552 582 557



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 668 993 1,001
Offsets against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (collected) from:
4030 Federal sources –6 –12 –12
Additional offsets against gross budget authority only:
4050 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired –11
4052 Offsetting collections credited to expired accounts 5



4060 Additional offsets against budget authority only (total) –6



4070 Budget authority, net (discretionary) 689 778 843
4080 Outlays, net (discretionary) 662 981 989
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 689 778 843
4190 Outlays, net (total) 662 981 989

Memorandum (non-add) entries:
5000 Total investments, SOY: Federal securities: Par value 142 138 150
5001 Total investments, EOY: Federal securities: Par value 138 150 172
5092 Unavailable balance, SOY: Appropriations 12 34
5093 Unavailable balance, EOY: Appropriations 34 56

The National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA) participates in a nationwide system of agricultural research and education program planning and coordination between State institutions and the U.S. Department of Agriculture. It assists in maintaining cooperation among the State institutions, and between the State institutions and their Federal research partners. The agency administers grants and payments to State institutions to supplement State and local funding for agricultural research and higher education.

Agriculture and Food Research Initiative competitive grants._Section 7406 of FCEA establishes the Agriculture and Food Research Initiative (AFRI). AFRI is the core competitive grant program for fundamental and applied research, extension, and education to address food and agricultural sciences. AFRI projects will address critical issues in U.S. agriculture in the areas of food security; water for agriculture; climate variability and change; sustainable bioenergy production; food safety; childhood obesity prevention; foundational science; and food, agriculture, natural resources and human sciences education and literacy initiative. Addressing these critical issues will engage scientists and educators with expertise in plant health and production and plant products; animal health and production and animal products; food safety, nutrition, and health; renewable energy, natural resources, and environment; agricultural systems and technology; and agriculture economics and rural communities. AFRI allows greater flexibility in the types of projects funded to include: single function projects in research, education, and extension, and integrated research, education and/or extension awards. The 2015 Budget proposes to increase funding for AFRI from $316 million to $325 million, a 3 percent increase in this program from the 2014 enacted level.

Payments under the Hatch Act._Funds under the Hatch Act are allocated on a formula basis to agricultural experiment stations of the land-grant colleges in the 50 States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, Guam, the Virgin Islands, American Samoa, Micronesia, and Northern Mariana Islands. The 2015 Budget is funded at $243.7 million.

Cooperative forestry research._These funds are allocated by formula to land-grant colleges or agricultural experiment stations in the 50 States, Puerto Rico, Guam, the Virgin Islands, and other State-supported colleges and universities having a forestry school and offering graduate training in forestry sciences. The 2015 Budget is funded at $34.0 million.

Payments to 1890 colleges and Tuskegee University and West Virginia State University._Funds allocated on a formula basis support agricultural research and broaden the curricula at the eighteen 1890 land-grant colleges, including Tuskegee University and West Virginia State University. The 2015 Budget is funded at $52.5 million.

Special research grants._This program addresses research areas of national interest. The 2015 Budget includes $22.7 million for sustainable agriculture. Funding is continued for IR-4 minor crop pest management at $11.9 million to address the growing need for registration of safe pesticides for minor crops and lead to a reduction by half in the levels of chemical residues in food products. Funding for agroclimatology (global change) is proposed at $1.4 million for research at universities as part of a coordinated Federal initiative. The 2015 Budget also includes funding for aquaculture centers at $4.0 million. The 2015 Budget includes $2.5 million for food and agriculture resiliency program for military veterans to support the post September 11 veteran population in the food and agriculture sector. The 2015 Budget also includes $75 million to support public-private partnerships for Innovation Institutes that focus on emerging challenges to agriculture.

1994 Institutions Research._The 2015 Budget maintains funding at $1.8 million for the competitive research grants program to build research capacity at the legislatively eligible 1994 institutions by supporting agricultural research activities that address tribal, national and multistate priorities.

Federal administration._A coordinating and review staff assists in maintaining cooperation within and among the States, and between the States and their Federal research partners. This staff also administers research and education grants and payments to States. Federal administration is funded from a combination of program set-asides from formula and grant programs and from direct appropriation for administration. The 2015 Budget includes $21.5 million, which is $7.4 million over the 2014 enacted level. Most of the increase will support the Grants Management System and rent expenses (rental expenses are funded centrally by USDA in FY 2014).

Higher education._The 2015 Budget funding is proposed for Hispanic-serving institutions education grants program at $9.2 million. Funding is also proposed for Native American institutions at $3.4 million, Alaska Native-serving and Native Hawaiian-serving Institutions at $3.2 million, and Grants for Insular Areas programs at $1.8 million. These programs enable universities to broaden their curricula; and increase faculty development, student research projects, and the number of new scholars recruited in the food and agricultural sciences. In addition, an increased number of graduate students, including minority graduate students, will be enrolled in the agricultural sciences. The 2015 Budget proposes $19.3 million for a capacity building program at the 1890 institutions as part of the USDA initiative to strengthen these institutions through a broadening of curricula, and increased faculty development and student research projects. Funding is also proposed in the 2015 Budget, at $4.8 million, for the Veterinary Medical Services Act to provide incentives to hire Federal veterinarians to work in shortage areas.

Reimbursable program._Funds support basic and applied agriculture research and activities performed for other USDA, Federal, and non-Federal agencies.

Native American Institutions Endowment Fund._The 2015 Budget includes $11.9 million, for an endowment for the 1994 land-grant institutions (the legislatively eligible Tribally controlled colleges) to strengthen the infrastructure of these institutions and develop Indian expertise for the food and agricultural sciences and businesses and their own communities. At the termination of each fiscal year, the Secretary withdraws the income from the endowment fund for the fiscal year, and after making adjustments for the cost of administering the fund, distributes the adjusted income on a formula basis to the 1994 land-grant institutions.

Hispanic-Serving Agricultural Colleges and Universities Endowment Fund._This endowment fund for Hispanic-Serving Agricultural Colleges and Universities will launch the production of skilled and marketable Hispanic student population for employment in the food and agriculture sector. Over the next ten years, the Endowment will lead to significant and measurable enhanced competence and marketability of Hispanic students in the food and agricultural sciences. The 2015 Budget includes $10 million for this proposed fund.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–1500–0–1–352 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Direct obligations:
11.1 Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent 21 23 23
12.1 Civilian personnel benefits 7 7 7
21.0 Travel and transportation of persons 1 1 1
23.3 Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous charges 1 1 1
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 4 7 5
25.5 Research and development contracts 7 9 9
41.0 Grants, subsidies, and contributions 639 965 797



99.0 Direct obligations 680 1,013 843
99.0 Reimbursable obligations 12 12 12



99.9 Total new obligations 692 1,025 855

Employment Summary


Identification code 12–1500–0–1–352 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

1001 Direct civilian full-time equivalent employment 233 247 247

Buildings and Facilities

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–1501–0–1–352 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 3 3 1
3020 Outlays (gross) –2 –1



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 3 1
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year 3 3 1
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 3 1

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
Outlays, gross:
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 2 1
4190 Outlays, net (total) 2 1

Funds provide grants to States and other eligible recipients for the acquisition of land, construction, repair, improvement, extension, alteration and purchase of fixed equipment or facilities to carry out agricultural research, extension, and teaching programs. No funding has been appropriated to this account since 1997.

Extension Activities

For payments to States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, Guam, the Virgin Islands, Micronesia, the Northern Marianas, and American Samoa, [$469,191,000] $468,968,000, which shall be for the purposes, and in the amounts, specified in the table titled "National Institute of Food and Agriculture, Extension Activities'' [in the explanatory statement described in section 4 (in the matter preceding division A of this consolidated Act)] in the report accompanying this Act: Provided, That funds for facility improvements at 1890 institutions shall remain available until expended: Provided further, That institutions eligible to receive funds under 7 U.S.C. 3221 for cooperative extension receive no less than $1,000,000: Provided further, That funds for cooperative extension under sections 3(b) and (c) of the Smith-Lever Act (7 U.S.C. 343(b) and (c)) and section 208(c) of Public Law 93–471 shall be available for retirement and employees' compensation costs for extension agents. (Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2014.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–0502–0–1–352 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Smith-Lever Act, 3(b) and 3(c) 271 300 300
0002 Youth at risk 7 8 8
0004 Expanded food and nutrition education program (EFNEP) 63 68 68
0005 Pest management 9
0006 Farm Safety 4 5 5
0009 Federally Recognized Tribes Extension Program 3 3 3
0013 Payments to 1890 colleges and Tuskegee Univ. and West Virginia State University 39 44 44
0015 Renewable resources extension act 3 4 4
0016 Federal administration 9 8 8
0019 1890 facilities (section 1447) 18 27 20
0021 Sustainable agriculture 4
0022 1994 institutions activities 4 4 4
0024 Rural health and safety education 1 2
0025 Grants to youth serving organizations 1
0026 Risk management education 5 5 5
0027 New technologies for ag. extension 2 2 2
0030 Food Animal Residue Avoidance Database 1 1
0031 Beginning Farmers and Ranchers Program 19 20
0032 Food Safety Outreach Program 3



0799 Total direct obligations 444 500 494
0801 Reimbursable program activity 27 22 22



0900 Total new obligations 471 522 516

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 5 7 1
1001 Discretionary unobligated balance brought fwd, Oct 1 5
1021 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations 2



1050 Unobligated balance (total) 7 7 1
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 476 469 469
1130 Appropriations permanently reduced –37



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 439 469 469
Appropriations, mandatory:
1221 Appropriations transferred from other accts [12–4085] 5 5 5
1221 Appropriations transferred from other accts [12–4336] 20 20



1260 Appropriations, mandatory (total) 5 25 25
Spending authority from offsetting collections, discretionary:
1700 Collected 5 22 22
1701 Change in uncollected payments, Federal sources 23



1750 Spending auth from offsetting collections, disc (total) 28 22 22
1900 Budget authority (total) 472 516 516
1930 Total budgetary resources available 479 523 517
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1940 Unobligated balance expiring –1
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 7 1 1

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 642 640 404
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 471 522 516
3011 Obligations incurred, expired accounts 35
3020 Outlays (gross) –461 –758 –567
3040 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, unexpired –2
3041 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, expired –45



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 640 404 353
Uncollected payments:
3060 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, brought forward, Oct 1 –100 –65 –65
3070 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired –23
3071 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, expired 58



3090 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, end of year –65 –65 –65
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year 542 575 339
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 575 339 288

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 467 491 491
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 109 303 303
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 329 429 225



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 438 732 528
Offsets against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (collected) from:
4030 Federal sources –66 –22 –22
Additional offsets against gross budget authority only:
4050 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired –23
4052 Offsetting collections credited to expired accounts 61



4060 Additional offsets against budget authority only (total) 38



4070 Budget authority, net (discretionary) 439 469 469
4080 Outlays, net (discretionary) 372 710 506
Mandatory:
4090 Budget authority, gross 5 25 25
Outlays, gross:
4100 Outlays from new mandatory authority 5 5
4101 Outlays from mandatory balances 23 21 34



4110 Outlays, gross (total) 23 26 39
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 444 494 494
4190 Outlays, net (total) 395 736 545

The Cooperative Extension System, a national educational network, is a dynamic organization pledged to meeting the country's needs for research-based educational programs that will enable people to make practical decisions to improve their lives. To accomplish its mission, the Cooperative Extension System adjusts programs to meet the shifting needs and priorities of the people it serves.

The non-formal educational network combines the expertise and resources of Federal, State, and local partners. The partners in this unique System are: a) The National Institute of Food and Agriculture at the U.S. Department of Agriculture; b) Extension professionals at land-grant universities throughout the United States and its territories; and c) Extension professionals in nearly all of the Nation's 3,144 counties and county equivalents. Thousands of paraprofessionals and nearly 3 million volunteers support this partnership and magnify its impact. Strong linkages with both public and private external groups are also crucial to the Cooperative Extension System's strength and vitality.

Programs supported with Smith-Lever 3(b) and (c) legislated formula funds are the major educational efforts central to the mission of the System and common to most Extension units. These programs are the foundation of the Extension organization and partnership that are intended to increase the number of community-based projects, families, and individuals reached to disseminate research findings as widely and quickly as possible. The use of electronic mail, satellite transmission of courses, and computer-assisted instruction are encouraged to communicate ideas. The 2015 Budget proposes Smith-Lever 3(b) and (c) programs to be funded at $300.0 million.

Extension resources are provided to the States by these formula funds and competitively-awarded programs such as sustainable agriculture. Smith-Lever 3(b) and (c) provides payments to the 1890 colleges and Tuskegee University and West Virginia State University, funded at $43.9 million in the 2015 Budget and provides funds to support the Extension's infrastructure.

Designated programs funded by Smith-Lever 3(d) include the Expanded Food and Nutrition Education Program (EFNEP); New Technologies for Agricultural Extension; Children, Youth and Families at Risk; AgrAbility/Farm Safety (Farm Safety Program and Youth Farm Safety Education and Certification); and Federally-Recognized Tribes Extension Program. The 2015 Budget includes $85.7 million for these programs. Other Extension programs supported in the 2015 Budget include Extension Services at 1994 Institutions at $4.4 million, Renewable Resources Extension Act at $4.1 million, and 1890 Facilities Grants at $19.7 million. The 2015 Budget also includes $2.5 million for the Food Safety Outreach Program to provide food safety standards and guidance in a variety of agricultural production systems.

Federal administration._A coordinating and review staff assists in maintaining cooperation within and among the States, and between the States and their Federal partners. This staff also administers extension grants and payments to States. Federal administration is funded from direct appropriation for administration. The 2015 Budget proposes $8.6 million in funding.

Beginning Farmer and Rancher Development Program._This mandatory program, authorized by section 7410 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (FCEA), 2008 Farm Bill, provides funding to support the development of education, outreach, curricula, workshops, educational teams, training, and technical assistance programs to assist beginning farmers and ranchers in the United States and its territories in entering, building, and managing successful farm and ranch enterprises. This program also provides support for an online electronic and library clearinghouse to provide associated support to individually funded projects, and the overall program. In 2015, mandatory funding for the program is $20 million.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–0502–0–1–352 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Direct obligations:
11.1 Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent 11 11 11
12.1 Civilian personnel benefits 4 4 4
21.0 Travel and transportation of persons 1 1 1
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 3 3 2
25.4 Operation and maintenance of facilities 2 2 2
25.5 Research and development contracts 1 1 1
41.0 Grants, subsidies, and contributions 422 478 473



99.0 Direct obligations 444 500 494
99.0 Reimbursable obligations 27 22 22



99.9 Total new obligations 471 522 516

Employment Summary


Identification code 12–0502–0–1–352 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

1001 Direct civilian full-time equivalent employment 148 154 154

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Federal Funds

Salaries and Expenses

(including transfers of funds)

For necessary expenses of the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, including up to $30,000 for representation allowances and for expenses pursuant to the Foreign Service Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 4085), [$821,721,000] $834,341,000, of which $470,000, to remain available until expended, shall be available for the control of outbreaks of insects, plant diseases, animal diseases and for control of pest animals and birds ("contingency fund'') to the extent necessary to meet emergency conditions; of which [$12,720,000] $9,055,000, to remain available until expended, shall be used for the cotton pests program for cost share purposes or for debt retirement for active eradication zones; of which [$35,339,000] $37,889,000, to remain available until expended, shall be for Animal Health Technical Services; of which $697,000 shall be for activities under the authority of the Horse Protection Act of 1970, as amended (15 U.S.C. 1831); of which [$52,340,000] $50,223,000, to remain available until expended, shall be used to support avian health; of which $4,251,000, to remain available until expended, shall be for information technology infrastructure; of which [$151,500,000] $137,393,000, to remain available until expended, shall be for specialty crop pests; of which, $8,826,000, to remain available until expended, shall be for field crop and rangeland ecosystem pests; of which [$54,000,000] $45,392,000, to remain available until expended, shall be for tree and wood pests; of which $3,722,000, to remain available until expended, shall be for the National Veterinary Stockpile; of which up to $1,500,000, to remain available until expended, shall be for the scrapie program for indemnities; of which $1,500,000, to remain available until expended, shall be for the wildlife damage management program for aviation safety: Provided, That of amounts available under this heading for wildlife services methods development, $1,000,000 shall remain available until expended: Provided further, That of amounts available under this heading for the screwworm program, [$4,990,000] $4,929,000 shall remain available until expended: Provided further, That no funds shall be used to formulate or administer a brucellosis eradication program for the current fiscal year that does not require minimum matching by the States of at least 40 percent: Provided further, That this appropriation shall be available for the operation and maintenance of aircraft and the purchase of not to exceed four, of which two shall be for replacement only: Provided further, That in addition, in emergencies which threaten any segment of the agricultural production industry of this country, the Secretary may transfer from other appropriations or funds available to the agencies or corporations of the Department such sums as may be deemed necessary, to be available only in such emergencies for the arrest and eradication of contagious or infectious disease or pests of animals, poultry, or plants, and for expenses in accordance with sections 10411 and 10417 of the Animal Health Protection Act (7 U.S.C. 8310 and 8316) and sections 431 and 442 of the Plant Protection Act (7 U.S.C. 7751 and 7772), and any unexpended balances of funds transferred for such emergency purposes in the preceding fiscal year shall be merged with such transferred amounts: Provided further, That appropriations hereunder shall be available pursuant to law (7 U.S.C. 2250) for the repair and alteration of leased buildings and improvements, but unless otherwise provided the cost of altering any one building during the fiscal year shall not exceed 10 percent of the current replacement value of the building.

In fiscal year [2014] 2015, the agency is authorized to collect fees to cover the total costs of providing technical assistance, goods, or services requested by States, other political subdivisions, domestic and international organizations, foreign governments, or individuals, provided that such fees are structured such that any entity's liability for such fees is reasonably based on the technical assistance, goods, or services provided to the entity by the agency, and such fees shall be reimbursed to this account, to remain available until expended, without further appropriation, for providing such assistance, goods, or services. (Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2014.)

Special and Trust Fund Receipts (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–1600–0–1–352 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

0100 Balance, start of year 11 28
Receipts:
0200 1990 Food, Agricultural Quarantine Inspection Fees 577 595 696
0220 Fees, Animal and Plant Health Inspection User Fee Account- legislative proposal subject to PAYGO 20



0299 Total receipts and collections 577 595 716



0400 Total: Balances and collections 577 606 744
Appropriations:
0500 Salaries and Expenses –577 –595 –696
0501 Salaries and Expenses 11 17



0599 Total appropriations –566 –578 –696



0799 Balance, end of year 11 28 48

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–1600–0–1–352 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Animal Health 271 288 286
0002 Plant Health 289 299 294
0003 Wildlife Services 85 106 106
0004 Regulatory Management 31 34 34
0005 Emergency Management 17 19 19
0006 Safe Trade and International Technical Assistance 30 34 34
0007 Animal Welfare 25 29 29
0008 Agency-Wide Programs 9 10 52
0009 Citrus Greening - GP 748 12 8
0010 Emergency Program Funding 5 4
0011 Agricultural Quarantine Inspection User Fees 194 204 206
0012 H1N1 Transfer From HHS 4 4 4
0013 2008 Farm Bill, Sections 10201 and 10202 47
0014 Farm Bill, Section 10007 58 63



0100 Total direct program 1,007 1,101 1,135



0799 Total direct obligations 1,007 1,101 1,135
0801 Reimbursable program 162 163 163



0900 Total new obligations 1,169 1,264 1,298

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 310 396 402
1001 Discretionary unobligated balance brought fwd, Oct 1 203
1021 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations 26



1050 Unobligated balance (total) 336 396 402
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 822 842 834
1130 Appropriations permanently reduced –63



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 759 842 834
Appropriations, mandatory:
1201 Appropriation (AQI User Fees) 577 595 696
1220 Appropriations transferred to other accts [70–0530] –366 –363 –465
1221 Appropriations transferred from other accts [12–4336] 50 63 63
1230 Appropriations and/or unobligated balance of appropriations permanently reduced –3 –5
1232 Appropriations and/or unobligated balance of appropriations temporarily reduced –11 –17



1260 Appropriations, mandatory (total) 247 273 294
Spending authority from offsetting collections, discretionary:
1700 Collected 153 155 158
1701 Change in uncollected payments, Federal sources 82
1723 New and/or unobligated balance of spending authority from offsetting collections temporarily reduced –1



1750 Spending auth from offsetting collections, disc (total) 234 155 158
1900 Budget authority (total) 1,240 1,270 1,286
1930 Total budgetary resources available 1,576 1,666 1,688
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1940 Unobligated balance expiring –11
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 396 402 390

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 417 351 186
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 1,169 1,264 1,298
3011 Obligations incurred, expired accounts 16
3020 Outlays (gross) –1,210 –1,429 –1,285
3040 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, unexpired –26
3041 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, expired –15



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 351 186 199
Uncollected payments:
3060 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, brought forward, Oct 1 –139 –209 –209
3070 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired –82
3071 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, expired 12



3090 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, end of year –209 –209 –209
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year 278 142 –23
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 142 –23 –10

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 993 997 992
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 693 870 867
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 281 275 127



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 974 1,145 994
Offsets against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (collected) from:
4030 Federal sources –46 –33 –33
4033 Non-Federal sources –126 –122 –125



4040 Offsets against gross budget authority and outlays (total) –172 –155 –158
Additional offsets against gross budget authority only:
4050 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired –82
4052 Offsetting collections credited to expired accounts 19



4060 Additional offsets against budget authority only (total) –63



4070 Budget authority, net (discretionary) 758 842 834
4080 Outlays, net (discretionary) 802 990 836
Mandatory:
4090 Budget authority, gross 247 273 294
Outlays, gross:
4100 Outlays from new mandatory authority 167 226 241
4101 Outlays from mandatory balances 69 58 50



4110 Outlays, gross (total) 236 284 291
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 1,005 1,115 1,128
4190 Outlays, net (total) 1,038 1,274 1,127

Memorandum (non-add) entries:
5090 Unavailable balance, SOY: Offsetting collections 1 1
5091 Unavailable balance, EOY: Offsetting collections 1 1 1

The Secretary of Agriculture established the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) on April 2, 1972, under the authority of Reorganization Plan No. 2 of 1953 and other authorities. The mission of the Agency is to protect the health and value of U.S. agricultural and other animal and plant resources that are vulnerable to pests, diseases, predation, natural disasters, or inhumane treatment. APHIS performs this important work using three major areas of activity, as follows:

Safeguarding and Emergency Preparedness/Response._APHIS monitors animal and plant health throughout the world and uses the information to set effective agricultural import policies to prevent the introduction of foreign plant and animal pests and diseases. Should a pest or disease enter the United States, APHIS works cooperatively with other Federal, State, Tribal and industry partners to conduct animal and plant health monitoring programs to rapidly diagnose them and determine if there is a need to establish new pest or disease management programs. APHIS, in conjunction with States, Tribes, industry, and other stakeholders, protects American agriculture by eradicating harmful pests and diseases or, where eradication is not feasible, by minimizing their economic impact. APHIS makes judicious use of resources by identifying instances when neither eradication nor management may be possible. The Agency monitors endemic pests and diseases through surveys to detect their locations and works with States, Tribes, and other programs to implement controls and conduct outreach to prevent the spread of pests and diseases into non-infested parts of the country. The Agency maintains a cadre of trained professionals prepared to respond immediately to potential animal and plant health emergencies. Program personnel investigate reports of suspected presence of foreign and exotic pests and diseases and work with partners to determine an appropriate course of action, including emergency action if necessary. Through its Wildlife Services program, APHIS protects agriculture from damage caused by animal predators through identification, demonstration, and application of the most appropriate methods of control. The Agency's regulations allow the benefits of genetic research to safely enter the marketplace, while protecting against the release of potentially harmful organisms into the environment. APHIS conducts diagnostic laboratory activities that support the Agency's veterinary disease and plant pest prevention, detection, control, and eradication programs. The Agency also provides and directs technology development to support animal and plant protection programs of the Agency and its cooperators at the State, Tribal, national, and international levels.

Safe Trade and International Technical Assistance._Sanitary (animal) and phytosanitary (plant) (SPS) regulations can have a significant impact on market access for the United States as an exporter of agricultural products. APHIS plays a central role in resolving technical trade issues to ensure the smooth and safe movement of agricultural commodities into and out of the United States. APHIS helps to protect the United States from emerging animal and plant pests and diseases while meeting obligations under the World Trade Organization's SPS agreement by assisting developing countries in improving their safeguarding systems. APHIS develops and implements programs designed to identify and reduce agricultural pest and disease threats while they are still outside of U.S. borders, to enhance safe agricultural trade, and to strengthen emergency response preparedness.

Animal Welfare._The Agency conducts regulatory activities to ensure the humane care and treatment of animals, including horses, as required by the Animal Welfare Act of 1966 as amended (7 U.S.C. 2131–2159), and the Horse Protection Act of 1970 as amended (15 U.S.C. 1821–1831). These activities include inspection of certain establishments that handle animals intended for research, exhibition, and sale as pets, and monitoring of certain horse shows.
APHIS' 2015 budget request of $834 million is a reduction of about $8 million from the 2014 enacted level. The budget request includes the necessary funding to continue implementation of the refocused Animal Disease Traceability program that will allow us to detect animal disease quicker, minimize disease spread, and assist in keeping global trade markets open to U.S. animals and animal products. The Agency proposes increases to support these efforts, while proposing reductions in other areas. The reductions include programs where we have achieved success, such as nearing eradication for the cotton pests - pink bollworm and boll weevil, and the Agency's enhanced ability to prepare for, detect, and respond to known risks related to avian health issues. APHIS also requests a reduction of $4 million for the National Clean Plant Network, as the Agricultural Act of 2014 provides funding to support this effort. The Agency requests other reductions for plant health programs to achieve a more equitable Federal cost-share rate for those programs. The total for APHIS also includes 42.6 million for rental payments to the General Services Administration that is funded centrally by USDA in FY 2014.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–1600–0–1–352 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation:
11.1 Full-time permanent 406 441 446
11.3 Other than full-time permanent 4 5 5
11.5 Other personnel compensation 2 3 3



11.9 Total personnel compensation 412 449 454
12.1 Civilian personnel benefits 139 148 150
13.0 Benefits for former personnel 2 5 5
21.0 Travel and transportation of persons 19 26 25
22.0 Transportation of things 1 2 2
23.1 Rent, Communications, and Utilities 35 35 77
24.0 Printing and reproduction 2 1 1
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 329 358 349
26.0 Supplies and materials 44 50 47
31.0 Equipment 20 21 20
41.0 Other grants, subsidies, and contributions 3 4 4
42.0 Other insurance claims and indemnities 1 2 1



99.0 Direct obligations 1,007 1,101 1,135
99.0 Reimbursable obligations 162 163 163



99.9 Total new obligations 1,169 1,264 1,298

Employment Summary


Identification code 12–1600–0–1–352 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

1001 Direct civilian full-time equivalent employment 5,672 5,982 5,949
2001 Reimbursable civilian full-time equivalent employment 1,449 1,509 1,509

Buildings and Facilities

For plans, construction, repair, preventive maintenance, environmental support, improvement, extension, alteration, and purchase of fixed equipment or facilities, as authorized by 7 U.S.C. 2250, and acquisition of land as authorized by 7 U.S.C. 428a, $3,175,000, to remain available until expended. (Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2014.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–1601–0–1–352 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Buildings and facilities 1 3 3



0900 Total new obligations (object class 25.2) 1 3 3

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 1 3 3
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 3 3 3



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 3 3 3
1930 Total budgetary resources available 4 6 6
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 3 3 3

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 4 3 3
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 1 3 3
3020 Outlays (gross) –2 –3 –3



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 3 3 3
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year 4 3 3
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 3 3 3

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 3 3 3
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 1 1
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 2 2 2



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 2 3 3
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 3 3 3
4190 Outlays, net (total) 2 3 3

The buildings and facilities account provides for plans, construction, repair, preventive maintenance, environmental support, improvement, extension, alteration, purchase of fixed equipment or facilities, and acquisition of land, as needed, for Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) operated facilities, which include animal quarantine stations, border inspection stations, sterile insect rearing facilities, and laboratories.

For these activities, the 2015 Budget proposes $3.175 million which includes funding to address safety issues with several facilities.

Trust Funds

Miscellaneous Trust Funds

Special and Trust Fund Receipts (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–9971–0–7–352 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

0100 Balance, start of year
Receipts:
0220 Deposits of Miscellaneous Contributed Funds, APHIS 13 9 9



0400 Total: Balances and collections 13 9 9
Appropriations:
0500 Miscellaneous Trust Funds –13 –9 –9



0799 Balance, end of year

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–9971–0–7–352 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Miscellaneous trust funds 15 9 9

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 12 10 10
Budget authority:
Appropriations, mandatory:
1201 Appropriation (special or trust fund) 13 9 9



1260 Appropriations, mandatory (total) 13 9 9
1930 Total budgetary resources available 25 19 19
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 10 10 10

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 1 2 2
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 15 9 9
3020 Outlays (gross) –14 –9 –9



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 2 2 2
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year 1 2 2
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 2 2 2

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Mandatory:
4090 Budget authority, gross 13 9 9
Outlays, gross:
4100 Outlays from new mandatory authority 5 8 8
4101 Outlays from mandatory balances 9 1 1



4110 Outlays, gross (total) 14 9 9
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 13 9 9
4190 Outlays, net (total) 14 9 9

The following services are financed by fees and miscellaneous contributions advanced by importers, manufacturers, States, organizations, individuals, and others:

Miscellaneous contributed funds._Funds are received from foreign governments, States, local organizations, individuals, and others and are available for plant and animal quarantine inspection and cooperative plant and animal disease and pest control activities (7 U.S.C. 450b, 2220).

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–9971–0–7–352 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Direct obligations:
11.1 Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent 6 5 5
12.1 Civilian personnel benefits 1 1 1
21.0 Travel and transportation of persons 2 1 1
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 5 1 1
26.0 Supplies and materials 1 1 1



99.9 Total new obligations 15 9 9

Employment Summary


Identification code 12–9971–0–7–352 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

1001 Direct civilian full-time equivalent employment 50 50 50

Food Safety and Inspection Service

Federal Funds

Food Safety and Inspection Service

For necessary expenses to carry out services authorized by the Federal Meat Inspection Act, the Poultry Products Inspection Act, and the Egg Products Inspection Act, including not to exceed $50,000 for representation allowances and for expenses pursuant to section 8 of the Act approved August 3, 1956 (7 U.S.C. 1766), [$1,010,689,000] $1,001,402,000; and in addition, $1,000,000 may be credited to this account from fees collected for the cost of laboratory accreditation as authorized by section 1327 of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation and Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 138f): Provided, That funds provided for the Public Health Data Communication Infrastructure system shall remain available until expended: Provided further, That no fewer than 148 full-time equivalent positions shall be employed during fiscal year [2014] 2015 for purposes dedicated solely to inspections and enforcement related to the Humane Methods of Slaughter Act: [Provided further, That the Food Safety and Inspection Service shall continue implementation of section 11016 of Public Law 110–246:] Provided further, That this appropriation shall be available pursuant to law (7 U.S.C. 2250) for the alteration and repair of buildings and improvements, but the cost of altering any one building during the fiscal year shall not exceed 10 percent of the current replacement value of the building. (Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2014.)

Special and Trust Fund Receipts (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–3700–0–1–554 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

0100 Balance, start of year
Receipts:
0220 Fees, Food Safety Inspection User Fee Account- legislative proposal subject to PAYGO 4



0400 Total: Balances and collections 4



0799 Balance, end of year 4

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–3700–0–1–554 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Salaries and expenses 975 1,015 1,001
0801 Reimbursable program 176 161 161



0900 Total new obligations 1,151 1,176 1,162

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 22 47 58
1021 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations 2



1050 Unobligated balance (total) 24 47 58
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 1,056 1,011 1,001
1120 Appropriations transferred to other accts [12–4609] –1
1130 Appropriations permanently reduced –79



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 976 1,011 1,001
Spending authority from offsetting collections, discretionary:
1700 Collected 185 176 176
1701 Change in uncollected payments, Federal sources 15
1723 New and/or unobligated balance of spending authority from offsetting collections temporarily reduced –2



1750 Spending auth from offsetting collections, disc (total) 198 176 176
1900 Budget authority (total) 1,174 1,187 1,177
1930 Total budgetary resources available 1,198 1,234 1,235
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 47 58 73

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 183 136 126
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 1,151 1,176 1,162
3011 Obligations incurred, expired accounts 2
3020 Outlays (gross) –1,184 –1,186 –1,180
3040 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, unexpired –2
3041 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, expired –14



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 136 126 108
Uncollected payments:
3060 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, brought forward, Oct 1 –32 –45 –45
3070 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired –15
3071 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, expired 2



3090 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, end of year –45 –45 –45
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year 151 91 81
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 91 81 63

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 1,174 1,187 1,177
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 1,005 1,013 1,005
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 179 173 175



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 1,184 1,186 1,180
Offsets against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (collected) from:
4030 Federal sources –3 –1 –1
4033 Non-Federal sources –185 –175 –175



4040 Offsets against gross budget authority and outlays (total) –188 –176 –176
Additional offsets against gross budget authority only:
4050 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired –15
4052 Offsetting collections credited to expired accounts 3



4060 Additional offsets against budget authority only (total) –12



4070 Budget authority, net (discretionary) 974 1,011 1,001
4080 Outlays, net (discretionary) 996 1,010 1,004
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 974 1,011 1,001
4190 Outlays, net (total) 996 1,010 1,004

Memorandum (non-add) entries:
5090 Unavailable balance, SOY: Offsetting collections 2 2
5091 Unavailable balance, EOY: Offsetting collections 2 2 2

The primary objective of the Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) is to ensure that meat, poultry, and egg products are wholesome, unadulterated, and properly labeled and packaged, as required by the Federal Meat Inspection Act, the Poultry Products Inspection Act, and the Egg Products Inspection Act. In carrying out this mission, FSIS oversight responsibility covers a significant percentage of American spending on food. Providing adequate resources for Federal food safety agencies is a priority of the Administration. The 2015 Budget proposes $1,001.4 million for inspection of meat, poultry and egg products, which is a $9.3 million decrease from the 2014 Enacted level. There is a decrease for implementation of new methods in poultry slaughter inspection. In addition, the budget proposes a performance based user fee, which will be charged to plants that have sample failures or require additional inspection activities due to regulatory non-compliance.

FEDERALLY FUNDED INSPECTION ACTIVITIES


2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Federally inspected establishments:
Slaughter Plants 10 10 10
Processing Plants 3,998 3,998 3,998
Combination slaughter and processing plants 1,076 1,076 1,076
Talmadge-Aiken plants 356 356 356
Import Establishments 119 119 119
Egg plants 85 85 85
Other plants 783 783 783
Federally inspected and passed production (millions of pounds):
Meat Slaughter 48,413 48,413 48,413
Poultry Slaughter 57,408 57,408 57,408
Egg products 3,974 3,974 3,974
Import/export activity (millions of pounds):
Meat and poultry imported 3,141 3,141 3,141
Meat and poultry exported 16,545 16,545 16,545
Intrastate inspection1
Intrastate inspection 27 27 27
Talmadge-Aiken inspection 9 9 9
Number of slaughter and/or processing plants (excludes exempt plants) 1,641 1,640 1,640
Compliance activities:
Investigations and surveillance activities 13,038 13,750 14,000
Enforcement actions completed 1,332 1,350 1,365
Product Testing (samples analyzed):
Food Chemistry 427 427 427
Food Microbiology 117,034 117,034 117,034
Chemical Residues 11,222 11,222 11,222
Antibiotic Residues 231,117 231,117 231,117
Pathology Samples 4,336 4,336 4,336
Egg Products:
Food microbiology 1,523 1,523 1,523
Consumer Education and public outreach:
Meat and poultry hotline calls received 67,505 67,500 67,500
Website visits 18,595,330 18,595,330 18,595,330
Electronic messages received 9,527 9,500 9,500
Publications distributed 649,752 650,000 650,000
E-mail alert service subscribers 139,417 150,000 160,000
Epidemiological Investigations:
Cooperative efforts with State and public health offices 23 23 23
Illnesses reported and treated 2 1,280 1,280 1,280

1States with cooperative agreements which are operating programs.2Data must be collected over a number of years to chart national trends and estimate the incidence of foodborne illness and treatment.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–3700–0–1–554 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation:
11.1 Full-time permanent 517 535 516
11.3 Other than full-time permanent 14 14 14
11.5 Other personnel compensation 39 41 42



11.9 Total personnel compensation 570 590 572
12.1 Civilian personnel benefits 210 215 210
13.0 Benefits for former personnel 2 1 6
21.0 Travel and transportation of persons 33 39 39
22.0 Transportation of things 4 3 4
23.1 Rental payments to GSA 1 1 11
23.3 Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous charges 13 12 12
24.0 Printing and reproduction 1 1 1
25.1 Advisory and assistance services 4 3 3
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 38 50 42
25.3 Other goods and services from Federal sources 25 22 24
25.4 Operation and maintenance of facilities 1 1
25.7 Operation and maintenance of equipment 2 2 2
26.0 Supplies and materials 12 12 12
31.0 Equipment 10 11 10
41.0 Grants, subsidies, and contributions 49 51 51
42.0 Insurance claims and indemnities 1 1 1



99.0 Direct obligations 975 1,015 1,001
99.0 Reimbursable obligations 175 161 161
99.5 Below reporting threshold 1



99.9 Total new obligations 1,151 1,176 1,162

Employment Summary


Identification code 12–3700–0–1–554 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

1001 Direct civilian full-time equivalent employment 9,158 9,360 9,098
2001 Reimbursable civilian full-time equivalent employment 23 23 23

Trust Funds

Expenses and Refunds, Inspection and Grading of Farm Products

Special and Trust Fund Receipts (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–8137–0–7–352 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

0100 Balance, start of year
Receipts:
0220 Deposits of Fees, Inspection and Grading of Farm Products, Food Safety and Quality Service 13 13 13



0400 Total: Balances and collections 13 13 13
Appropriations:
0500 Expenses and Refunds, Inspection and Grading of Farm Products –13 –13 –13



0799 Balance, end of year

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–8137–0–7–352 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Expenses and refunds, inspection and grading of farm products 11 13 13

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 3 5 5
Budget authority:
Appropriations, mandatory:
1201 Appropriation (special or trust fund) 13 13 13



1260 Appropriations, mandatory (total) 13 13 13
1900 Budget authority (total) 13 13 13
1930 Total budgetary resources available 16 18 18
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 5 5 5

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 1 1 1
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 11 13 13
3020 Outlays (gross) –11 –13 –13



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 1 1 1
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year 1 1 1
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 1 1 1

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Mandatory:
4090 Budget authority, gross 13 13 13
Outlays, gross:
4100 Outlays from new mandatory authority 8 13 13
4101 Outlays from mandatory balances 3



4110 Outlays, gross (total) 11 13 13
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 13 13 13
4190 Outlays, net (total) 11 13 13

Under authority of the Agricultural Marketing Act of 1946, Federal meat and poultry inspection services are provided upon request and for a fee in cases where inspection is not mandated by statute. This service includes: certifying products for export beyond the requirements of export certificates; inspecting certain animals and poultry intended for human food where inspection is not required by statute, such as buffalo, rabbit, and quail; and inspecting products intended for animal consumption.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–8137–0–7–352 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation:
11.1 Full-time permanent 5 6 6
11.5 Other personnel compensation 3 4 4



11.9 Total personnel compensation 8 10 10
12.1 Civilian personnel benefits 2 3 3



99.0 Direct obligations 10 13 13
99.5 Below reporting threshold 1



99.9 Total new obligations 11 13 13

Employment Summary


Identification code 12–8137–0–7–352 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

1001 Direct civilian full-time equivalent employment 81 81 81

Grain Inspection, Packers and Stockyards Administration

Federal Funds

Salaries and Expenses

For necessary expenses of the Grain Inspection, Packers and Stockyards Administration, [$40,261,000] $44,017,000: Provided, That this appropriation shall be available pursuant to law (7 U.S.C. 2250) for the alteration and repair of buildings and improvements, but the cost of altering any one building during the fiscal year shall not exceed 10 percent of the current replacement value of the building. (Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2014.)

Special and Trust Fund Receipts (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–2400–0–1–352 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

0100 Balance, start of year
Receipts:
0220 Fees, Grain Inspection, Packers and Stockyards User Fee Account- legislative proposal subject to PAYGO 28



0400 Total: Balances and collections 28



0799 Balance, end of year 28

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–2400–0–1–352 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Packers and stockyards program 20 22 24
0002 Grain regulatory program 16 18 20



0900 Total new obligations 36 40 44

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 3
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 40 40 44
1130 Appropriations permanently reduced –3



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 37 40 44
Spending authority from offsetting collections, discretionary:
1700 Collected 3 3



1750 Spending auth from offsetting collections, disc (total) 3 3
1900 Budget authority (total) 37 43 47
1930 Total budgetary resources available 37 43 50
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1940 Unobligated balance expiring –1
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 3 6

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 6 5 2
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 36 40 44
3020 Outlays (gross) –36 –43 –46
3041 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, expired –1



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 5 2
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year 6 5 2
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 5 2

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 37 43 47
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 32 36 39
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 4 7 7



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 36 43 46
Offsets against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (collected) from:
4030 Federal sources –3 –3
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 37 40 44
4190 Outlays, net (total) 36 40 43

The Grain Inspection, Packers and Stockyards Administration's (GIPSA) Grain Regulatory Program promotes and enforces the accurate and uniform application of the United States Grain Standards Act (USGSA) and applicable provisions of the Agricultural Marketing Act of 1946. GIPSA identifies, evaluates, and implements new or improved techniques for measuring grain quality. GIPSA also establishes and updates testing and grading standards to facilitate the marketing of U.S. grain, oilseeds, and related products. GIPSA briefs foreign buyers, assesses foreign inspection and weighing techniques, and responds to foreign quality and quantity complaints.

GIPSA's Packers and Stockyards Program (P&SP) promotes fair business practices, financial integrity, and competitive environments to market livestock, meat, and poultry. Through its oversight activities, including monitoring programs, reviews, and investigations, P&SP fosters fair competition, provides payment protection, and guards against deceptive and fraudulent trade practices that affect the movement and price of meat animals and their products. P&SP's work protects consumers and members of the livestock, meat, and poultry industries. P&SP enforces the Packers and Stockyards (P&S) Act, which prohibits unfair, deceptive, and unjust discriminatory practices by market agencies, dealers, stockyards, packers, swine contractors, and live poultry dealers in the livestock, meat packing, and poultry industries. The P&S Act provides an important safety net for livestock producers and poultry growers in rural America. P&SP conducts routine and ongoing regulatory inspections and audits to assess whether subject entities are operating in compliance with the Act, and conducts investigations of potential P&S Act violations identified by either industry complaints or previous GIPSA regulatory inspections. The 2015 Budget requests $44 million, an increase of $3.76 million above the 2014 enacted level to purchase necessary equipment, including scientific equipment, supplies, and other support expenses.

MAIN WORKLOAD FACTORS


Grain Regulatory Program: 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

U.S. standards and factors (attribute tests) in effect at end of year 129 129 129
Standards reviews and factors in progress 7 6 6
Standards reviews and factors completed 4 3 4
On-site investigations 6 6 6
Designations renewed 17 16 16
Registration certificates issued 135 135 135


Packers and Stockyards Program:

Investigations 2842 3300 3500
Regulatory Activities 2202 2800 3000
Livestock market agencies/dealers registered 5855 5900 6000
Stockyards posted 1241 1150 1100
Slaughtering and processing packers subject to the Act (estimated) 4426 4000 3900
Meat distributors, brokers, and dealers subject to the Act (estimated) 2850 2825 2800
Poultry operations subject to the Act 136 130 130

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 12–2400–0–1–352 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Direct obligations:
11.1 Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent 23 21 21
12.1 Civilian personnel benefits 6 7 7
21.0 Travel and transportation of persons 1 1 1
23.1 Rental payments to GSA 4
23.3 Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous charges 1 1 1
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 2 1 1
25.3 Other goods and services from Federal sources 6 6
26.0 Supplies and materials 1 1 1
31.0 Equipment 2 2 2



99.9 Total new obligations 36 40 44

Employment Summary


Identification code 12–2400–0–1–352 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

1001 Direct civilian full-time equivalent employment 293 292 292
2001 Reimbursable civilian full-time equivalent employment 1 1

Limitation on Inspection and Weighing Services Expenses

Not to exceed $50,000,000 (from fees collected) shall be obligated during the current fiscal year for inspection and weighing services: Provided, That if grain export activities require additional supervision and oversight, or other uncontrollable factors occur, this limitation may be exceeded by up to 10 percent with no