DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION

Office of Elementary and Secondary Education

Federal Funds

[Education for the Disadvantaged] Accelerating Achievement and Ensuring Equity

[For carrying out title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (referred to in this Act as "ESEA'') and section 418A of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (referred to in this Act as "HEA''), $15,552,693,000, of which $4,625,762,000 shall become available on July 1, 2014, and shall remain available through September 30, 2015, and of which $10,841,177,000 shall become available on October 1, 2014, and shall remain available through September 30, 2015, for academic year 2014–2015: Provided, That $6,459,401,000 shall be for basic grants under section 1124 of the ESEA: Provided further, That up to $3,984,000 of these funds shall be available to the Secretary of Education (referred to in this title as "Secretary'') on October 1, 2013, to obtain annually updated local educational agency-level census poverty data from the Bureau of the Census: Provided further, That $1,362,301,000 shall be for concentration grants under section 1124A of the ESEA: Provided further, That $3,281,550,000 shall be for targeted grants under section 1125 of the ESEA: Provided further, That $3,281,550,000 shall be for education finance incentive grants under section 1125A of the ESEA: Provided further, That funds available under sections 1124, 1124A, 1125 and 1125A of the ESEA may be used to provide homeless children and youths with services not ordinarily provided to other students under those sections, including supporting the liaison designated pursuant to section 722(g)(1)(J)(ii) of the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act, and providing transportation pursuant to section 722(g)(1)(J)(iii) of such Act: Provided further, That $880,000 shall be to carry out sections 1501 and 1503 of the ESEA: Provided further, That $505,756,000 shall be available for school improvement grants under section 1003(g) of the ESEA, which shall be allocated by the Secretary through the formula described in section 1003(g)(2) and shall be used consistent with the requirements of section 1003(g), except that State and local educational agencies may use such funds to serve any school eligible to receive assistance under part A of title I that has not made adequate yearly progress for at least 2 years or is in the State's lowest quintile of performance based on proficiency rates and, in the case of secondary schools, priority shall be given to those schools with graduation rates below 60 percent: Provided further, That notwithstanding section 1003(g)(5)(C) of the ESEA, the Secretary may permit a State educational agency to establish an award period of up to 5 years for each participating local educational agency: Provided further, That funds available for school improvement grants may be used by a local educational agency to implement a whole-school reform strategy for a school using an evidence-based strategy that ensures whole-school reform is undertaken in partnership with a strategy developer offering a whole-school reform program that is based on at least a moderate level of evidence that the program will have a statistically significant effect on student outcomes, including more than one well-designed or well-implemented experimental or quasi-experimental study: Provided further, That funds available for school improvement grants may be used by a local educational agency to implement an alternative State-determined school improvement strategy that has been established by a State educational agency with the approval of the Secretary: Provided further, That a local educational agency that is determined to be eligible for services under subpart 1 or 2 of part B of title VI of the ESEA may modify not more than one element of a school improvement grant model: Provided further, That notwithstanding section 1003(g)(5)(A), each State educational agency may establish a maximum subgrant size of not more than $2,000,000 for each participating school applicable to such funds: Provided further, That the Secretary may reserve up to 5 percent of the funds available for section 1003(g) of the ESEA to carry out activities to build State and local educational agency capacity to implement effectively the school improvement grants program: Provided further, That $158,000,000 shall be available under section 1502 of the ESEA for a comprehensive literacy development and education program to advance literacy skills, including pre-literacy skills, reading, and writing, for students from birth through grade 12, including limited-English-proficient students and students with disabilities, of which one-half of 1 percent shall be reserved for the Secretary of the Interior for such a program at schools funded by the Bureau of Indian Education, one-half of 1 percent shall be reserved for grants to the outlying areas for such a program, up to 5 percent may be reserved for national activities, and the remainder shall be used to award competitive grants to State educational agencies for such a program, of which a State educational agency may reserve up to 5 percent for State leadership activities, including technical assistance and training, data collection, reporting, and administration, and shall subgrant not less than 95 percent to local educational agencies or, in the case of early literacy, to local educational agencies or other nonprofit providers of early childhood education that partner with a public or private nonprofit organization or agency with a demonstrated record of effectiveness in improving the early literacy development of children from birth through kindergarten entry and in providing professional development in early literacy, giving priority to such agencies or other entities serving greater numbers or percentages of disadvantaged children: Provided further, That the State educational agency shall ensure that at least 15 percent of the subgranted funds are used to serve children from birth through age 5, 40 percent are used to serve students in kindergarten through grade 5, and 40 percent are used to serve students in middle and high school including an equitable distribution of funds between middle and high schools: Provided further, That eligible entities receiving subgrants from State educational agencies shall use such funds for services and activities that have the characteristics of effective literacy instruction through professional development, screening and assessment, targeted interventions for students reading below grade level and other research-based methods of improving classroom instruction and practice.] (Department of Education Appropriations Act, 2014.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0900–0–1–501 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Grants to local educational agencies 13,757 14,395 10,841
0002 School improvement grants 533 506
0003 Striving readers 151 158
0004 State agency programs 422 429
0005 Evaluation 3 1
0006 Special programs for migrant students 35 35
0007 High school graduation initiative 46 46



0900 Total new obligations 14,947 15,570 10,841

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 549 524 507
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 4,901 4,712
1130 Appropriations permanently reduced –256



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 4,645 4,712
Advance appropriations, discretionary:
1170 Advance appropriation 10,841 10,841 10,841
1173 Advance appropriations permanently reduced –564



1180 Advanced appropriation, discretionary (total) 10,277 10,841 10,841
1900 Budget authority (total) 14,922 15,553 10,841
1930 Total budgetary resources available 15,471 16,077 11,348
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 524 507 507

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 11,373 9,463 8,161
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 14,947 15,570 10,841
3020 Outlays (gross) –16,795 –16,872 –15,488
3041 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, expired –62



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 9,463 8,161 3,514
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year 11,373 9,463 8,161
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 9,463 8,161 3,514

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 14,922 15,553 10,841
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 7,585 8,550 8,456
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 9,210 8,322 7,032



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 16,795 16,872 15,488
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 14,922 15,553 10,841
4190 Outlays, net (total) 16,795 16,872 15,488

Summary of Budget Authority and Outlays (in millions of dollars)


2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Enacted/requested:
Budget Authority 14,922 15,553 10,841
Outlays 16,795 16,872 15,488
Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO:
Budget Authority 3,696
Outlays 74
Total:
Budget Authority 14,922 15,553 14,537
Outlays 16,795 16,872 15,562

SUMMARY OF PROGRAM LEVEL (in millions of dollars)


2013–2014 Academic Year 2014–2015 Academic Year 2015–2016 Academic Year

New Budget Authority $4,645 $4,712 $3,696
Advance appropriation 10,841 10,841 11,682



Total program level 15,486 15,553 15,684



Change in advance appropriation from the previous year 0 0 +8411

1To account for the Administration's ESEA reauthorization proposal, the 2015 Budget eliminates the $1.7 billion advance appropriation that was previously in the Education Improvement Programs account and replaces it with corresponding increases to advance appropriations in the Accelerating Achievement and Ensuring Equity account ($841 million) and the Special Education account ($841 million). Total advance appropriations in the Department of Education remain $22.6 billion.

The Administration is proposing legislation reauthorizing programs included in the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA), including programs in this account. Consistent with this reauthorization proposal, the Budget proposes to realign programs in ESEA accounts. When new authorizing legislation is enacted, resources will be requested for these programs. See the "Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO" schedule for additional details.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0900–0–1–501 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Direct obligations:
25.1 Advisory and assistance services 5 4 4
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 23 18 16
41.0 Grants, subsidies, and contributions 14,919 15,548 10,821



99.9 Total new obligations 14,947 15,570 10,841

Accelerating Achievement and Ensuring Equity

(Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0900–2–1–501 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 College- and career-ready students 2,703
0002 School turnaround grants 506
0003 State agency programs 422
0004 Homeless children and youth education 65



0900 Total new obligations 3,696

Budgetary Resources:
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 3,696



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 3,696
1900 Budget authority (total) 3,696
1930 Total budgetary resources available 3,696

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 3,696
3020 Outlays (gross) –74



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 3,622
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 3,622

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 3,696
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 74
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 3,696
4190 Outlays, net (total) 74

The resources in this schedule are proposed for later transmittal under proposed legislation to reauthorize the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965.

College- and career-ready students (formerly Grants to local educational agencies).—Funds would be allocated via formula for programs that provide academic support to help students in high-poverty schools meet college- and career-ready standards. States would assess annually all students in certain grades in at least English language arts and mathematics, and use the results of these assessments to measure local educational agency (LEA) and school progress in ensuring that all students are meeting, or are on track to meet college- and career-ready standards; to inform families about whether their children are meeting or are on track to meet such standards; and to develop appropriate improvement and support strategies for schools and LEAs. States would establish systems for differentiating among schools and LEAs on the basis of performance, including recognition and rewards for highly effective schools and LEAs, the implementation of rigorous school intervention models in the lowest-achieving schools, and State-approved, research-based interventions in low-performing schools that are not serving their students well.

School turnaround grants.—Funds would primarily support formula grants to States to help LEAs turn around their lowest-achieving schools by implementing rigorous school intervention models. In general, such schools would rank in the bottom five percent of performance in their States based on proficiency rates and lack of progress or, in the case of high schools, have a graduation rate below 60 percent. Once States have served their lowest-achieving schools, funds could be used for other school improvement and support efforts in eligible schools.

State agency migrant program.—Funds would support formula grants to States for educational services to children of migratory farmworkers and fishers, with resources and services focused on children who have moved within the past 36 months.

State agency neglected and delinquent children and youth education program.—Funds would support formula grants to States for educational services to neglected or delinquent children and youth in State-run institutions, attending community day programs, and in other correctional facilities.

Homeless children and youth education.—Funds would support formula grants to States to provide educational and support services that enable homeless children and youth to attend and achieve success in school.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0900–2–1–501 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Direct obligations:
25.1 Advisory and assistance services 4
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 16
41.0 Grants, subsidies, and contributions 3,676



99.9 Total new obligations 3,696

School Readiness

For carrying out, in accordance with the applicable requirements of part D of title V of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965, $500,000,000, for obligation through December 31, 2015, for a preschool development grants program: Provided, That the Secretary shall use all funds made available under this heading to make competitive awards to States, local education agencies, or local governmental entities (as determined by the Secretary) for activities that build the capacity within the State to develop, enhance, or expand high-quality preschool programs, including comprehensive services and family engagement, for preschool-aged children from families at or below 200 percent of the Federal poverty line: Provided further, That the Secretary may permit or require States, local education agencies, or local governmental entities to subgrant a portion of grant funds to local educational agencies or other early learning providers (including, but not limited to, Head Start programs and licensed child care providers), or consortia thereof, for the implementation of high-quality preschool programs for children from families at or below 200 percent of the Federal poverty line: Provided further, That subgrantees that are local educational agencies shall form strong partnerships with early learning providers and that subgrantees that are early learning providers shall form strong partnerships with local educational agencies, in order to carry out the requirements of the subgrant: Provided further, That, notwithstanding the second proviso, up to 3 percent of such funds for preschool development grants shall be available for technical assistance, evaluation, and other national activities related to such grants.

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0015–0–1–501 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Preschool development grants 500



0900 Total new obligations (object class 41.0) 500

Budgetary Resources:
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 500



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 500
1930 Total budgetary resources available 500

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 500
3020 Outlays (gross) –25



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 475
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 475

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 500
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 25
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 500
4190 Outlays, net (total) 25

Summary of Budget Authority and Outlays (in millions of dollars)


2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Enacted/requested:
Budget Authority 500
Outlays 25
Legislative proposal, subject to PAYGO:
Budget Authority 1,300
Outlays 130
Total:
Budget Authority 1,800
Outlays 155

Preschool development grants._Funds would support grants to develop, enhance, or expand high-quality preschool programs. The Department would provide competitive grants to States, local education agencies, or local governmental entities to ensure that every State willing to commit to expanding preschool access has the systems and supports, as well as model local programs, needed to implement high-quality preschool for four-year-old children.

School Readiness

(Legislative proposal, subject to PAYGO)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0015–4–1–501 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Preschool for all 1,300



0900 Total new obligations (object class 41.0) 1,300

Budgetary Resources:
Budget authority:
Appropriations, mandatory:
1200 Appropriation 1,300



1260 Appropriations, mandatory (total) 1,300
1930 Total budgetary resources available 1,300

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 1,300
3020 Outlays (gross) –130



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 1,170
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 1,170

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Mandatory:
4090 Budget authority, gross 1,300
Outlays, gross:
4100 Outlays from new mandatory authority 130
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 1,300
4190 Outlays, net (total) 130

Preschool for all.—Funds would support grants to States for the implementation of high-quality preschool programs that are aligned with elementary and secondary education systems. The Department would share costs with States to provide universal access to high-quality preschool for children from low and moderate income families and provide incentives for States to serve additional children from middle-class families.

Impact Aid

[For carrying out programs of financial assistance to federally affected schools authorized by title VIII of the ESEA, $1,288,603,000, of which $1,151,233,000 shall be for basic support payments under section 8003(b), $48,316,000 shall be for payments for children with disabilities under section 8003(d), $17,406,000 shall be for construction under section 8007(a), $66,813,000 shall be for Federal property payments under section 8002, and $4,835,000, to remain available until expended, shall be for facilities maintenance under section 8008: Provided, That for purposes of computing the amount of a payment for an eligible local educational agency under section 8003(a) for school year 2013–2014, children enrolled in a school of such agency that would otherwise be eligible for payment under section 8003(a)(1)(B) of such Act, but due to the deployment of both parents or legal guardians, or a parent or legal guardian having sole custody of such children, or due to the death of a military parent or legal guardian while on active duty (so long as such children reside on Federal property as described in section 8003(a)(1)(B)), are no longer eligible under such section, shall be considered as eligible students under such section, provided such students remain in average daily attendance at a school in the same local educational agency they attended prior to their change in eligibility status.] (Department of Education Appropriations Act, 2014.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0102–0–1–501 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Basic support payments 1,093 1,152
0002 Payments for children with disabilities 46 48



0091 Direct program activities, subtotal 1,139 1,200
0101 Facilities maintenance 3 5
0201 Construction 33 17
0301 Payments for Federal property 63 67



0900 Total new obligations (object class 41.0) 1,238 1,289

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 19 4 4
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 1,291 1,289
1130 Appropriations permanently reduced –68



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 1,223 1,289
1930 Total budgetary resources available 1,242 1,293 4
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 4 4 4

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 455 347 253
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 1,238 1,289
3011 Obligations incurred, expired accounts 447
3020 Outlays (gross) –1,342 –1,383 –138
3041 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, expired –451



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 347 253 115
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year 455 347 253
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 347 253 115

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 1,223 1,289
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 1,092 1,142
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 250 241 138



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 1,342 1,383 138
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 1,223 1,289
4190 Outlays, net (total) 1,342 1,383 138

Summary of Budget Authority and Outlays (in millions of dollars)


2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Enacted/requested:
Budget Authority 1,223 1,289
Outlays 1,342 1,383 138
Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO:
Budget Authority 1,221
Outlays 1,081
Total:
Budget Authority 1,223 1,289 1,221
Outlays 1,342 1,383 1,219

The Administration is proposing legislation reauthorizing the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA), including programs in this account. Consistent with this reauthorization proposal, the Budget proposes to realign programs in ESEA accounts. When new authorizing legislation is enacted, resources will be requested for these programs. See the "Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO" schedule for additional details.

Impact Aid

(Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0102–2–1–501 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Basic support payments 1,151
0002 Payments for children with disabilities 48



0091 Direct program activities, subtotal 1,199
0101 Facilities maintenance 5
0201 Construction 17



0900 Total new obligations (object class 41.0) 1,221

Budgetary Resources:
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 1,221



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 1,221
1930 Total budgetary resources available 1,221

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 1,221
3020 Outlays (gross) –1,081



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 140
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 140

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 1,221
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 1,081
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 1,221
4190 Outlays, net (total) 1,081

The resources in this schedule are proposed for later transmittal under proposed legislation to reauthorize the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965.

Impact Aid helps to replace the lost local revenue that would otherwise be available to educate federally connected children. The presence of certain students living on Federal property, such as students who are military dependents or who reside on Indian lands, can place a financial burden on local educational agencies (LEAs) that educate them. The property on which the children live and their parents work is exempt from local property taxes, denying local educational agencies access to the primary source of revenue used by most communities to finance education.

Basic support payments.—Payments will be made on behalf of approximately 930,000 federally connected students enrolled in about 1,150 LEAs to assist them in meeting their operation and maintenance costs. Average per-student payments will be approximately $1,200.

Payments for children with disabilities.—Payments in addition to those provided under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) will be provided on behalf of approximately 55,000 federally connected students with disabilities in about 900 LEAs. Average per-student payments will be approximately $900.

Facilities maintenance.—Funds will be used to provide emergency repairs for school facilities that serve military dependents and are owned by the Department of Education. Funds will also be used to transfer the facilities to LEAs.

Construction.—Approximately 8–12 construction grants will be awarded competitively to the highest-need Impact Aid LEAs for emergency repairs and modernization of school facilities.

[School Improvement Programs] Education Improvement Programs

For carrying out school improvement activities authorized by [parts A and B of title II, part B of title IV, parts A and B of title VI, and parts B and C of title VII of the ESEA; the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act;] section 203 of the Educational Technical Assistance Act of 2002; the Compact of Free Association Amendments Act of 2003; and the Civil Rights Act of 1964, [$4,397,391,000] $71,742,000, of which [$2,580,358,000 shall become available on July 1, 2014, and remain available through September 30, 2015, and of which $1,681,441,000 shall become available on October 1, 2014, and shall remain available through September 30, 2015, for academic year 2014–2015: Provided, That funds made available to carry out part B of title VII of the ESEA may be used for construction, renovation, and modernization of any elementary school, secondary school, or structure related to an elementary school or secondary school, run by the Department of Education of the State of Hawaii, that serves a predominantly Native Hawaiian student body: Provided further, That funds made available to carry out part C of title VII of the ESEA shall be awarded on a competitive basis, and also may be used for construction: Provided further, That] $48,445,000 shall be available to carry out section 203 of the Educational Technical Assistance Act of 2002: Provided[further], That $16,699,000 shall be available to carry out the Supplemental Education Grants program for the Federated States of Micronesia and the Republic of the Marshall Islands: Provided further, That the Secretary of Education may reserve up to 5 percent of the amount referred to in the previous proviso [may be reserved by the Federated States of Micronesia and the Republic of the Marshall Islands to administer the Supplemental Education Grants programs and to obtain technical assistance, oversight and consultancy services in the administration of these grants and to reimburse the United States Departments of Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education for such services: Provided further, That up to 2 percent of the funds for subpart 1 of part A of title II of the ESEA shall be reserved by the Secretary for competitive awards for teacher or principal recruitment and training or professional enhancement activities to national not-for-profit organizations, of which up to 10 percent may be used for related research, dissemination, evaluation, technical assistance, and outreach activities: Provided further, That $149,717,000 shall be to carry out part B of title II of the ESEA] to provide technical assistance in the implementation of the Supplemental Education Grants program. (Department of Education Appropriations Act, 2014.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–1000–0–1–501 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Improving teacher quality State grants 2,334 2,402 1,681
0002 Mathematics and science partnerships 141 153
0003 21st century community learning centers 1,091 1,163
0004 State assessments 375 383
0005 Education for homeless children and youth 62 65
0006 Education for Native Hawaiians 32 32
0007 Alaska Native education equity 31 31
0008 Training and advisory services 7 7 7
0009 Rural education 170 171
0010 Supplemental education grants 17 18 17
0011 Comprehensive centers 48 48 48
0012 Project SERV 1



0900 Total new obligations 4,309 4,473 1,753

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 78 76
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 2,863 2,716 72
1130 Appropriations permanently reduced –150



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 2,713 2,716 72
Advance appropriations, discretionary:
1170 Advance appropriation 1,681 1,681 1,681
1173 Advance appropriations permanently reduced –87



1180 Advanced appropriation, discretionary (total) 1,594 1,681 1,681
1900 Budget authority (total) 4,307 4,397 1,753
1930 Total budgetary resources available 4,385 4,473 1,753
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 76

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 5,103 4,637 4,824
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 4,309 4,473 1,753
3020 Outlays (gross) –4,756 –4,286 –4,322
3041 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, expired –19



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 4,637 4,824 2,255
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year 5,103 4,637 4,824
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 4,637 4,824 2,255

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 4,307 4,397 1,753
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 971 1,063 1,010
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 3,785 3,223 3,312



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 4,756 4,286 4,322
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 4,307 4,397 1,753
4190 Outlays, net (total) 4,756 4,286 4,322

Summary of Budget Authority and Outlays (in millions of dollars)


2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Enacted/requested:
Budget Authority 4,307 4,397 1,753
Outlays 4,756 4,286 4,322
Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO:
Budget Authority 895
Outlays 18
Total:
Budget Authority 4,307 4,397 2,648
Outlays 4,756 4,286 4,340

SUMMARY OF PROGRAM LEVEL (in millions of dollars)


2013–2014 Academic Year 2014–2015 Academic Year 2015–2016 Academic Year

New Budget Authority $2,713 $2,716 $967
Advance Appropriation 1,681 1,681 0



Total program level 4,307 4,397 967



Change in advance appropriation over previous year 0 0 –1,6811

1To account for the Administration's ESEA reauthorization proposal, the 2015 Budget eliminates the $1.7 billion advance appropriation that was previously in the School Improvement Programs account (renamed the Education Improvement Programs account) and replaces it with corresponding increases to advance appropriations in the Education for the Disadvantaged account ($841 million, renamed the Accelerating Achievement and Ensuring Equity account) and the Special Education account ($841 million). Total advance appropriations in the Department of Education remain $22.6 billion.

The Administration is proposing legislation reauthorizing the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA), including programs in this account. Consistent with this reauthorization proposal, the Budget proposes to realign programs in ESEA accounts. When new authorizing legislation is enacted, resources will be requested for these programs. See the "Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO" schedule for additional details.

Training and advisory services._Funds support grants to regional equity assistance centers that provide technical assistance to local educational agencies (LEAs) in addressing educational equity related to issues of race, gender, and national origin.

Supplemental education grants._Funds support grants to the Federated States of Micronesia and to the Republic of the Marshall Islands in place of grant programs in which those Freely Associated States no longer participate pursuant to the Compact of Free Association Amendments Act of 2003.

Comprehensive centers._Funds support 22 comprehensive centers that focus on building State capacity to help school districts and schools meet the requirements of the ESEA.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–1000–0–1–501 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Direct obligations:
25.1 Advisory and assistance services 1
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 20 2
25.3 Other goods and services from Federal sources 1 1
25.5 Research and development contracts 2 1 2
25.7 Operation and maintenance of equipment 1
41.0 Grants, subsidies, and contributions 4,286 4,467 1,751



99.9 Total new obligations 4,309 4,473 1,753

Education Improvement Programs

(Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–1000–2–1–501 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Effective teaching and learning: Literacy 184
0002 Effective teaching and learning for a well-rounded education 25
0003 College pathways and accelerated learning 75
0004 Assessing achievement 378
0005 Rural education 170
0006 Education for Native Hawaiians 32
0007 Alaska Native education equity 31



0900 Total new obligations 895

Budgetary Resources:
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 895



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 895
1900 Budget authority (total) 895
1930 Total budgetary resources available 895

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 895
3020 Outlays (gross) –18



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 877
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 877

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 895
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 18
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 895
4190 Outlays, net (total) 18

The resources in this schedule are proposed for later transmittal under proposed legislation to reauthorize the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965.

Effective teaching and learning: literacy.—Funds would support competitive grants to States to support the development and implementation of comprehensive State and local efforts to provide high-quality literacy programs, aligned with college- and career-ready English-language arts standards, for students from preschool through grade 12.

Effective teaching and learning for a well-rounded education.—Funds would support competitive grants to States and high-need LEAs to develop and expand innovative practices to improve teaching and learning in the arts, health education, foreign languages, civics and government, history, geography, environmental education, economics, financial literacy, and other subjects.

College pathways and accelerated learning.—Funds would support competitive grants to high-need LEAs for programs that prepare students to enter and succeed in college by providing college-level and other accelerated courses and instruction in middle and high schools as well as accelerated learning opportunities in elementary schools.

Assessing achievement.—Funds would support formula and competitive grants to States to develop and implement assessments that are aligned with college- and career-ready academic standards.

Rural education.—Funds would support formula grants under two programs: the Small, Rural School Achievement program and the Rural and Low-Income School program. The Small, Rural School Achievement program provides rural LEAs with small enrollments with additional formula funds. Funds under the Rural and Low-Income School program, which targets rural LEAs that serve concentrations of poor students, are allocated by formula to States, which in turn allocate funds to eligible LEAs.

Native Hawaiian student education.—Funds would support competitive grants to public and private entities to develop or operate innovative projects that enhance the educational services provided to Native Hawaiian children and adults.

Alaska Native student education.—Funds would support competitive grants to LEAs and other public and private organizations to develop or operate innovative projects that enhance the educational services provided to Alaska Native children and adults.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–1000–2–1–501 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Direct obligations:
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 8
41.0 Grants, subsidies, and contributions 887



99.9 Total new obligations 895

[Safe Schools and Citizenship Education] Supporting Student Success

[For carrying out activities authorized by part A of title IV and subparts 1, 2, and 10 of part D of title V of the ESEA, $270,892,000: Provided, That $90,000,000 shall be available for subpart 2 of part A of title IV, of which up to $8,000,000, to remain available until expended, shall be for the Project School Emergency Response to Violence ("Project SERV'') program to provide education-related services to local educational agencies and institutions of higher education in which the learning environment has been disrupted due to a violent or traumatic crisis: Provided further, That $56,754,000 shall be available for Promise Neighborhoods and shall be available through December 31, 2014.] (Department of Education Appropriations Act, 2014.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0203–0–1–501 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Safe and drug-free schools and communities national activities 62 95
0002 Elementary and secondary school counseling 50 50
0003 Physical education program 75 75
0004 Promise neighborhoods 61 53 57



0500 Direct program activities, subtotal 248 273 57



0799 Total direct obligations 248 273 57
0803 Reimbursable program activity 2



0900 Total new obligations 250 273 57

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 66 59 57
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 256 271
1130 Appropriations permanently reduced –13



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 243 271
1900 Budget authority (total) 243 271
1930 Total budgetary resources available 309 330 57
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 59 57

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 483 395 350
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 250 273 57
3020 Outlays (gross) –315 –318 –272
3041 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, expired –23



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 395 350 135
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year 483 395 350
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 395 350 135

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 243 271
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 1 5
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 314 313 272



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 315 318 272
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 243 271
4190 Outlays, net (total) 315 318 272

Summary of Budget Authority and Outlays (in millions of dollars)


2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Enacted/requested:
Budget Authority 243 271
Outlays 315 318 272
Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO:
Budget Authority 1,463
Outlays 29
Total:
Budget Authority 243 271 1,463
Outlays 315 318 301

The Administration is proposing legislation reauthorizing the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA), including programs in this account. Consistent with this reauthorization proposal, the Budget proposes to realign programs in ESEA accounts. When new authorizing legislation is enacted, resources will be requested for these programs. See the "Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO" schedule for additional details.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0203–0–1–501 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Direct obligations:
25.1 Advisory and assistance services 3 2
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 10 9 1
25.3 Other goods and services from Federal sources 2 3
41.0 Grants, subsidies, and contributions 236 258 54



99.0 Direct obligations 248 273 57
99.0 Reimbursable obligations 2



99.9 Total new obligations 250 273 57

Supporting Student Success

(Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0203–2–1–501 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Successful, safe, and healthy students 214
0002 Promise neighborhoods 100
0003 21st Century community learning centers 1,149



0900 Total new obligations 1,463

Budgetary Resources:
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 1,463



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 1,463
1930 Total budgetary resources available 1,463

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 1,463
3020 Outlays (gross) –29



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 1,434
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 1,434

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 1,463
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 29
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 1,463
4190 Outlays, net (total) 29

The resources in this schedule are proposed for later transmittal under proposed legislation to reauthorize the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965.

Promise neighborhoods.—Funds would support competitive grants and other activities for projects designed to improve significantly the educational and developmental outcomes of children within the Nation's most distressed communities, with the goal of transforming those communities so that all children in the community have access to a cradle-through-college-to-career continuum of academic programs and community supports, including effective schools and services. Promise Neighborhoods is also a central component of the Administration's Promise Zones—high-poverty communities where the Federal Government will engage more directly with local leaders to break down barriers and help them access the resources and expertise they need to create jobs, leverage private investment, increase economic activity, reduce violence, and expand educational opportunities.

Successful, safe, and healthy students.—Funds would support competitive grants and other activities to assist States, local educational agencies (LEAs), and partnerships between LEAs and non-profit organizations or local government entities in improving school climate; reducing or preventing drug use, violence, bullying, or harassment; and promoting and supporting the physical and mental well-being of students so that schools are safe, healthy, and drug-free environments. Funds would also support a variety of school safety initiatives in Now Is The Time, the President's plan to protect our children and our communities by reducing gun violence, including efforts to create positive school climates and to counter the effects of pervasive violence on students.

21st century community learning centers.—Funds would support competitive grants to States, LEAs, nonprofit organizations, or local governmental entities for projects that provide the additional time, support, and enrichment activities needed to improve student achievement, including projects that support expanding learning time by significantly increasing the number of hours in a regular school schedule and by comprehensively redesigning the school schedule for all students in a school. Projects could also provide teachers the time they need to collaborate, plan, and engage in professional development within and across grades and subjects.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0203–2–1–501 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Direct obligations:
25.1 Advisory and assistance services 3
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 21
25.3 Other goods and services from Federal sources 2
41.0 Grants, subsidies, and contributions 1,437



99.9 Total new obligations 1,463

Indian Student Education

[For expenses necessary to carry out, to the extent not otherwise provided, title VII, part A of the ESEA, $123,939,000.] (Department of Education Appropriations Act, 2014.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0101–0–1–501 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Grants to local educational agencies 100 100
0002 Special programs for Indian children 18 18
0003 National activities 6 6



0900 Total new obligations 124 124

Budgetary Resources:
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 131 124
1130 Appropriations permanently reduced –7



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 124 124
1930 Total budgetary resources available 124 124

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 140 133 144
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 124 124
3020 Outlays (gross) –128 –113 –117
3041 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, expired –3



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 133 144 27
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year 140 133 144
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 133 144 27

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 124 124
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 3 6
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 125 107 117



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 128 113 117
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 124 124
4190 Outlays, net (total) 128 113 117

Summary of Budget Authority and Outlays (in millions of dollars)


2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Enacted/requested:
Budget Authority 124 124
Outlays 128 113 117
Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO:
Budget Authority 124
Outlays 6
Total:
Budget Authority 124 124 124
Outlays 128 113 123

The Administration is proposing legislation reauthorizing the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA), including programs in this account. Consistent with this reauthorization proposal, the Budget proposes to realign programs in ESEA accounts. When new authorizing legislation is enacted, resources will be requested for these programs. See the "Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO" schedule for additional details.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0101–0–1–501 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Direct obligations:
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 6 6
41.0 Grants, subsidies, and contributions 118 118



99.9 Total new obligations 124 124

Indian Student Education

(Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0101–2–1–501 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Grants to local educational agencies 100
0002 Special programs for Indian children 18
0003 National activities 6



0900 Total new obligations 124

Budgetary Resources:
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 124



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 124
1930 Total budgetary resources available 124

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 124
3020 Outlays (gross) –6



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 118
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 118

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 124
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 6
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 124
4190 Outlays, net (total) 6

The resources in this schedule are proposed for later transmittal under proposed legislation to reauthorize the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965. The Indian Student Education programs support the efforts of local educational agencies (LEA) and tribal schools to improve teaching and learning for the Nation's American Indian and Alaska Native children.

Grants to local educational agencies.—Formula grants support LEAs in their efforts to reform elementary and secondary school programs that serve Indian students, with the goal of ensuring that such programs assist participating students in meeting the same academic standards as all other students.

Special programs for Indian children.—Funds support competitive awards for demonstration projects in early childhood education and college preparation, as well as professional development grants for training Native American teachers and administrators for employment in school districts with concentrations of Indian students.

National activities.—Funds support research, evaluation, data collection, and related activities.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0101–2–1–501 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Direct obligations:
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 6
41.0 Grants, subsidies, and contributions 118



99.9 Total new obligations 124

Education Jobs Fund

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0012–0–1–501 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 229 10
3020 Outlays (gross) –219 –10



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 10
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year 229 10
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 10

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Mandatory:
Outlays, gross:
4101 Outlays from mandatory balances 219 10
4190 Outlays, net (total) 219 10

Amounts in the schedule reflect balances that are spending out from a prior-year appropriation.

State Fiscal Stabilization Fund, Recovery Act

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–1909–0–1–999 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 3,865 2,572
3011 Obligations incurred, expired accounts 1
3020 Outlays (gross) –1,292 –2,572
3041 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, expired –2



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 2,572
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year 3,865 2,572
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 2,572

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
Outlays, gross:
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 1,292 2,572
4190 Outlays, net (total) 1,292 2,572

Amounts in this schedule reflect balances that are spending out from a prior-year appropriation.

Office of Innovation and Improvement

Federal Funds

Innovation and [Improvement] Instructional Teams

[For carrying out activities authorized by part G of title I, subpart 5 of part A and parts C and D of title II, parts B, C, and D of title V of the ESEA, and sections 14006 and 14007 of division A of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009, as amended, $1,181,317,000: Provided, That $250,000,000 shall be available through December 31, 2014 for awards to States, in accordance with the applicable requirements of section 14006 of division A of Public Law 111–5, as amended: Provided further, That the Secretary, jointly with the Secretary of HHS, shall use all funds made available under the immediately preceding proviso to make competitive awards in accordance with such section 14006 to States for improving early childhood care and education, except that, notwithstanding sections 14006(a) and 14005(d)(6) of such division, such awards may be limited to activities that build the capacity within the State to develop, enhance, or expand high-quality preschool programs, including comprehensive services and family engagement, for preschool-aged children from families at or below 200 percent of the Federal poverty line: Provided further, That each State may subgrant a portion of such grant funds to local educational agencies and other early learning providers (including but not limited to Head Start programs and licensed child care providers), or consortia thereof, for the implementation of high-quality preschool programs for children from families at or below 200 percent of the Federal poverty line: Provided further, That subgrantees that are local educational agencies shall form strong partnerships with early learning providers and that subgrantees that are early learning providers shall form strong partnerships with local educational agencies, in order to carry out the requirements of the subgrant: Provided further, That, notwithstanding the second proviso, up to 3 percent of such funds for improving early childhood care and education shall be available for technical assistance, evaluation, and other national activities related to such grants: Provided further, That not later than 30 days prior to the announcement of a competition under such section 14006 pursuant to the requirements of this Act, the Secretary shall submit a report outlining the proposed competition and priorities to the Committees on Appropriations of the House of Representatives and the Senate: Provided further, That the Secretary shall administer State grants for improving early childhood care and education under such section jointly with the Secretary of HHS on such terms as such Secretaries set forth in an interagency agreement: Provided further, That up to $141,602,000 shall be available through December 31, 2014 for section 14007 of division A of Public Law 111–5, and up to 5 percent of such funds may be used for technical assistance and the evaluation of activities carried out under such section: Provided further, That the Secretary may renew a grant made under section 14007 for additional 1-year periods, for fiscal year 2014 and thereafter, if the grantee is meeting its performance targets, up to a total award period of 6 years: Provided further, That the education facilities clearinghouse established through a competitive award process in fiscal year 2013 is authorized to collect and disseminate information on effective educational practices and the latest research regarding the planning, design, financing, construction, improvement, operation, and maintenance of safe, healthy, high-performance public facilities for early learning programs, kindergarten through grade 12, and higher education: Provided further, That $288,771,000 of the funds for subpart 1 of part D of title V of the ESEA shall be for competitive grants to local educational agencies, including charter schools that are local educational agencies, or States, or partnerships of: (1) a local educational agency, a State, or both; and (2) at least one nonprofit organization to develop and implement performance-based compensation systems for teachers, principals, and other personnel in high-need schools: Provided further, That such performance-based compensation systems must consider gains in student academic achievement as well as classroom evaluations conducted multiple times during each school year among other factors and provide educators with incentives to take on additional responsibilities and leadership roles: Provided further, That recipients of such grants shall demonstrate that such performance-based compensation systems are developed with the input of teachers and school leaders in the schools and local educational agencies to be served by the grant: Provided further, That recipients of such grants may use such funds to develop or improve systems and tools (which may be developed and used for the entire local educational agency or only for schools served under the grant) that would enhance the quality and success of the compensation system, such as high-quality teacher evaluations and tools to measure growth in student achievement: Provided further, That applications for such grants shall include a plan to sustain financially the activities conducted and systems developed under the grant once the grant period has expired: Provided further, That up to 5 percent of such funds for competitive grants shall be available for technical assistance, training, peer review of applications, program outreach, and evaluation activities: Provided further, That of the funds available for part B of title V of the ESEA, the Secretary shall use not less than $11,000,000 to carry out activities under section 5205(b) and shall use not less than $12,000,000 for subpart 2: Provided further, That of the funds available for subpart 1 of part B of title V of the ESEA, and notwithstanding section 5205(a), the Secretary shall reserve not less than $45,000,000 to make multiple awards to non-profit charter management organizations and other entities that are not for-profit entities for the replication and expansion of successful charter school models and shall reserve up to $11,000,000 to carry out the activities described in section 5205(a), including improving quality and oversight of charter schools and providing technical assistance and grants to authorized public chartering agencies in order to increase the number of high-performing charter schools: Provided further, That funds available for part B of title V of the ESEA may be used for grants that support preschool education in charter schools: Provided further, That each application submitted pursuant to section 5203(a) shall describe a plan to monitor and hold accountable authorized public chartering agencies through such activities as providing technical assistance or establishing a professional development program, which may include evaluation, planning, training, and systems development for staff of authorized public chartering agencies to improve the capacity of such agencies in the State to authorize, monitor, and hold accountable charter schools: Provided further, That each application submitted pursuant to section 5203(a) shall contain assurances that State law, regulations, or other policies require that: (1) each authorized charter school in the State operate under a legally binding charter or performance contract between itself and the school's authorized public chartering agency that describes the rights and responsibilities of the school and the public chartering agency; conduct annual, timely, and independent audits of the school's financial statements that are filed with the school's authorized public chartering agency; and demonstrate improved student academic achievement; and (2) authorized public chartering agencies use increases in student academic achievement for all groups of students described in section 1111(b)(2)(C)(v) of the ESEA as the most important factor when determining to renew or revoke a school's charter.] (Department of Education Appropriations Act, 2014.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0204–0–1–501 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Race to the top 634 429 247
0002 Investing in innovation 147 141 140
0003 Teacher incentive fund 284 289
0004 Transition to teaching 25 14
0005 School leadership 27 26
0006 Charter schools grants 228 236
0007 Credit enhancement for charter school facilities 13 12
0008 Magnet schools assistance 92 92
0009 Advanced placement 29 28
0010 Ready-to-learn television 26 26
0011 Fund for the Improvement of Education: Programs of national significance 38 42
0012 Arts in education 24 25



0100 Total direct program 1,567 1,360 387



0799 Total direct obligations 1,567 1,360 387
0801 Reimbursable program activity (DC schools) 41 89 58



0900 Total new obligations 1,608 1,449 445

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 726 621 442
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 1,528 1,181
1130 Appropriations permanently reduced –80



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 1,448 1,181
Spending authority from offsetting collections, discretionary:
1700 Collected 57 89 58



1750 Spending auth from offsetting collections, disc (total) 57 89 58
1900 Budget authority (total) 1,505 1,270 58
1930 Total budgetary resources available 2,231 1,891 500
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1940 Unobligated balance expiring –2
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 621 442 55

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 2,909 3,379 2,143
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 1,608 1,449 445
3020 Outlays (gross) –1,108 –2,685 –1,319
3041 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, expired –30



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 3,379 2,143 1,269
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year 2,909 3,379 2,143
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 3,379 2,143 1,269

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 1,505 1,270 58
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 4 26 1
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 1,104 2,659 1,318



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 1,108 2,685 1,319
Offsets against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (collected) from:
4033 Non-Federal sources –57 –89 –58
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 1,448 1,181
4190 Outlays, net (total) 1,051 2,596 1,261

Summary of Budget Authority and Outlays (in millions of dollars)


2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Enacted/requested:
Budget Authority 1,448 1,181
Outlays 1,051 2,596 1,261
Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO:
Budget Authority 3,854
Outlays 77
Legislative proposal, subject to PAYGO:
Budget Authority 5,000
Outlays 2,750
Total:
Budget Authority 1,448 6,181 3,854
Outlays 1,051 2,596 4,088

The Administration is proposing legislation reauthorizing the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA), including the programs in this account. Consistent with this reauthorization proposal, the Budget proposes to realign programs in ESEA accounts. When new authorizing legislation is enacted, resources will be requested for these programs. See the "Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO" schedule for additional details.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0204–0–1–501 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Direct obligations:
25.1 Advisory and assistance services 3 3 3
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 51 45
25.5 Research and development contracts 1 1
41.0 Grants, subsidies, and contributions 1,512 1,311 384



99.0 Direct obligations 1,567 1,360 387
99.0 Reimbursable obligations 41 89 58



99.9 Total new obligations 1,608 1,449 445

Innovation and Instructional Teams

(Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0204–2–1–501 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Race to the Top equity and opportunity 300
0002 Investing in innovation 165
0003 Science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) innovation 320
0004 High school redesign 150
0005 Effective teachers and leaders State grants 2,000
0006 School leadership 35
0007 ConnectEDucators 200
0008 Teacher and leader innovation fund 320
0009 Expanding educational options 248
0010 Magnet schools assistance 92
0011 Fund for the Improvement of Education: Programs of national significance 24



0100 Total direct program 3,854



0900 Total new obligations 3,854

Budgetary Resources:
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 3,854



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 3,854
1930 Total budgetary resources available 3,854

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 3,854
3020 Outlays (gross) –77



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 3,777
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 3,777

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 3,854
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 77
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 3,854
4190 Outlays, net (total) 77

The resources in this schedule are proposed for later transmittal under proposed legislation to reauthorize the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965.

Race to the top: equity and opportunity.—Funds would support competitive grants centered on increasing the academic performance of high-need students and closing achievement gaps. Grants would be used to help link together State and local fiscal, student achievement, and human resource data systems, allowing schools to identify and address the needs of underserved students by improving access to high-quality teachers and leaders, rigorous coursework, and other evidence-based supports. The program would build on reforms implemented under previous Race to the Top competitions and ESEA flexibility, while also improving the use and effectiveness of resources from other Federal programs such as Title I Grants to Local Educational Agencies and State Longitudinal Data Systems.

Investing in innovation.—Funds would support grants to local educational agencies (LEAs) or to nonprofit organizations in partnership with one or more LEAs or a consortium of schools to develop and expand innovative strategies and practices that have been shown to be effective in improving educational outcomes for students. A portion of the funds would be used to launch the Advanced Research Projects Agency—Education, which would pursue breakthrough developments in educational technologies and other strategies for raising achievement.

STEM innovation.—Funds would support competitive grants to consortia of LEAs in partnership with institutions of higher education (IHEs), businesses, science agencies, or other entities. These public-private partnerships would harness local, regional, and national resources to transform STEM teaching and learning by implementing innovative evidence-based practices that improve teacher effectiveness and student engagement and achievement. Funds would also support a STEM Teacher Pathways program, a STEM Master Teacher Corps, and the Effective Teaching and Learning: STEM program.

High school redesign.—Funds would support competitive grants to transform teaching and learning in high schools by encouraging partnerships among LEAs, IHEs, businesses, and other entities to enhance instruction and provide career-related experiences to students, helping them prepare for college and careers. Grantees would leverage new and existing federal, State, and local resources to create learning models that are rigorous, relevant, and better focused on real-world experiences while incorporating personalized learning, work- and project-based learning, and career and college exploration.

Effective teachers and leaders State grants.—Funds would support formula grants to States and LEAs to promote and enhance the teaching profession; recruit, prepare, develop, reward, and retain effective and highly effective teachers, principals, and other school leaders and foster excellent instructional teams, especially in high-need LEAs, schools, fields, and subjects; ensure the equitable distribution of effective and highly effective teachers and principals; increase the effectiveness of teachers and principals; strengthen teacher and principal evaluation systems; ensure that teachers have the knowledge, skills, data, support, and collaborative opportunities needed to be effective in the classroom; and improve the management of the education workforce in States and LEAs. The Department would reserve up to 10 percent of the appropriation for this program to build evidence on how to best recruit, train, and support effective teachers and school leaders and invest in efforts to enhance the teaching and leadership professions.

ConnectEDucators.—Funds would support investments in high-quality professional development and instructional resources to help educators as they transition to using technology and data to improve student learning, as enabled by the Administration's ConnectED initiative to expand access to broadband and wireless networks in schools and libraries.

Teacher and leader innovation fund.—Funds would support competitive grants to States and LEAs willing to implement bold approaches to improving the effectiveness of the education workforce in high-need schools and districts by creating the conditions needed to identify, reward, retain, and advance effective teachers, principals, and school leadership teams in those schools, and enabling schools to build the strongest teams possible.

School leadership.—Funds would support competitive grants to States, high-need LEAs, nonprofit organizations, and IHEs, to assist high-need LEAs in recruiting and training principals (including assistant principals) through such activities as professional development programs in leading the transition to college- and career-ready standards, evaluating and providing feedback to teachers, developing school leadership teams, and creating a positive school climate.

Expanding educational options.—Funds would support competitive grants to States, charter school authorizers, charter management organizations, LEAs, and other nonprofit organizations to start or expand high-performing charter and other autonomous public schools in high-need areas.

Magnet schools assistance.—Funds would support competitive grants to LEAs to establish and operate magnet school programs that are part of an approved desegregation plan.

Fund for the improvement of education: programs of national significance.—Funds would support nationally significant projects to improve the quality of elementary and secondary education, including an interagency initiative to strengthen services provided to disconnected youth, partnerships between districts and researchers to support non-cognitive interventions, and continuation of efforts to improve the quality, analysis, and reporting of elementary and secondary education performance data.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0204–2–1–501 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Direct obligations:
25.1 Advisory and assistance services 62
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 44
41.0 Grants, subsidies, and contributions 3,748



99.9 Total new obligations 3,854

Innovation and Instructional Teams

(Legislative proposal, subject to PAYGO)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0204–4–1–501 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Recognizing educatonal success, professional excellence, and collaborative teaching (RESPECT) 5,000



0100 Total direct program 5,000



0900 Total new obligations (object class 41.0) 5,000

Budgetary Resources:
Budget authority:
Appropriations, mandatory:
1200 Appropriation 5,000



1260 Appropriations, mandatory (total) 5,000
1930 Total budgetary resources available 5,000

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 5,000
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 5,000
3020 Outlays (gross) –2,750



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 5,000 2,250
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year 5,000
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 5,000 2,250

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Mandatory:
4090 Budget authority, gross 5,000
Outlays, gross:
4101 Outlays from mandatory balances 2,750
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 5,000
4190 Outlays, net (total) 2,750

Recognizing educational success, professional excellence, and collaborative teaching (RESPECT).—Funds would provide targeted support for teachers and school leaders in areas of identified need, including stronger preparation and early career support; opportunities for teacher development, advancement, and leadership; help in transitioning to college- and career-ready standards; and supportive work environments.

Office of English Language Acquisition

Federal Funds

English [Language Acquisition] Learner Education

[For carrying out part A of title III of the ESEA, $723,400,000, which shall become available on July 1, 2014, and shall remain available through September 30, 2015, except that 6.5 percent of such amount shall be available on October 1, 2013, and shall remain available through September 30, 2015, to carry out activities under section 3111(c)(1)(C): Provided, That the Secretary shall use estimates of the American Community Survey child counts for the most recent 3-year period available to calculate allocations under such part.] (Department of Education Appropriations Act, 2014.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–1300–0–1–501 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 English language acquisition grants 695 723

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 14 15 15
1021 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations 2



1050 Unobligated balance (total) 16 15 15
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 732 723
1130 Appropriations permanently reduced –38



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 694 723
1930 Total budgetary resources available 710 738 15
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 15 15 15

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 1,036 1,031 985
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 695 723
3020 Outlays (gross) –696 –769 –718
3040 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, unexpired –2
3041 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, expired –2



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 1,031 985 267
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year 1,036 1,031 985
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 1,031 985 267

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 694 723
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 4 7
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 692 762 718



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 696 769 718
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 694 723
4190 Outlays, net (total) 696 769 718

Summary of Budget Authority and Outlays (in millions of dollars)


2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Enacted/requested:
Budget Authority 694 723
Outlays 696 769 718
Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO:
Budget Authority 723
Outlays 7
Total:
Budget Authority 694 723 723
Outlays 696 769 725

The Administration is proposing legislation reauthorizing the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA), including programs in this account. Consistent with this reauthorization proposal, the Budget proposes to realign programs in ESEA accounts. When new authorizing legislation is enacted, resources will be requested for these programs. See the "Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO" schedule for additional details.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–1300–0–1–501 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Direct obligations:
25.1 Advisory and assistance services 4 3
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 2 3
41.0 Grants, subsidies, and contributions 689 717



99.9 Total new obligations 695 723

English Learner Education

(Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–1300–2–1–501 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 English language acquisition grants 723

Budgetary Resources:
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 723



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 723
1930 Total budgetary resources available 723

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 723
3020 Outlays (gross) –7



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 716
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 716

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 723
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 7
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 723
4190 Outlays, net (total) 7

The resources in this schedule are proposed for later transmittal under proposed legislation to reauthorize the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965.

Language acquisition State grants.—This program provides formula grants to States to improve services for English Learners. States are accountable for demonstrating that English Learners are making progress toward proficiency in English and meeting the same high State academic standards as all other students. Funds also support national activities, including professional development, evaluation, a national information clearinghouse on English language acquisition, and technical assistance to grantees and funding for demonstration projects to replicate proven practices.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–1300–2–1–501 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Direct obligations:
25.1 Advisory and assistance services 4
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 2
41.0 Grants, subsidies, and contributions 717



99.9 Total new obligations 723

Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services

Federal Funds

Special Education

For carrying out the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) and the Special Olympics Sport and Empowerment Act of 2004, [$12,497,300,000] $12,600,627,000, of which [$2,981,201,000] $2,243,808,000 shall become available on July 1, [2014] 2015, and shall remain available through September 30, [2015] 2016, and of which [$9,283,383,000] $10,124,103,000 shall become available on October 1, [2014] 2015, and shall remain available through September 30, [2015] 2016, for academic year [2014–2015] 2015–2016: Provided, That the amount for section 611(b)(2) of the IDEA shall be equal to the lesser of the amount available for that activity during fiscal year [2013] 2014, increased by the amount of inflation as specified in section 619(d)(2)(B) of the IDEA, or the percent change in the funds appropriated under section 611(i) of the IDEA after reserving funds described in the 12th proviso, but not less than the amount for that activity during fiscal year [2013] 2014: Provided further, That the Secretary shall, without regard to section 611(d) of the IDEA, distribute to all other States (as that term is defined in section 611(g)(2)), subject to the third proviso, any amount by which a State's allocation under section 611(d), from funds appropriated under this heading, is reduced under section 612(a)(18)(B), according to the following: 85 percent on the basis of the States' relative populations of children aged 3 through 21 who are of the same age as children with disabilities for whom the State ensures the availability of a free appropriate public education under this part, and 15 percent to States on the basis of the States' relative populations of those children who are living in poverty: Provided further, That the Secretary may not distribute any funds under the previous proviso to any State whose reduction in allocation from funds appropriated under this heading made funds available for such a distribution: Provided further, That the States shall allocate such funds distributed under the second proviso to local educational agencies in accordance with section 611(f): Provided further, That the amount by which a State's allocation under section 611(d) of the IDEA is reduced under section 612(a)(18)(B) and the amounts distributed to States under the previous provisos in fiscal year 2012 or any subsequent year shall not be considered in calculating the awards under section 611(d) for fiscal year 2013 or for any subsequent fiscal years: Provided further, That the funds reserved under 611(c) of the IDEA may be used to provide technical assistance to States to improve the capacity of the States to meet the data collection requirements of sections 616 and 618 and to administer and carry out other services and activities to improve data collection, coordination, quality, and use under parts B and C of the IDEA: [Provided further, That funds made available for the Special Olympics Sport and Empowerment Act of 2004 may be used to support expenses associated with the Special Olympics National and World Games:] Provided further, That the level of effort a local educational agency must meet under section 613(a)(2)(A)(iii) of the IDEA, in the year after it fails to maintain effort is the level of effort that would have been required in the absence of that failure and not the LEA's reduced level of expenditures: Provided further, That the Secretary may use funds made available for the State Personnel Development Grants program under Part D, subpart 1 of IDEA to evaluate program performance: Provided further, That, notwithstanding section 612(a)(18)(B), in reducing a State's allocation under section 611 for failure to comply with the requirement of section 612(a)(18)(A), the Secretary may apply that reduction over a period of consecutive fiscal years, not to exceed five, until the entire reduction is applied: Provided further, That the Secretary may, in any fiscal year in which a State's allocation under section 611 is reduced in accordance with section 612(a)(18)(B), reduce the amount a State may reserve under section 611(e)(1) by an amount that bears the same relation to the maximum amount described in that paragraph as the reduction under section 612(a)(18)(B) bears to the total allocation the State would have received in that fiscal year under section 611(d) in the absence of the reduction: Provided further, That the Secretary shall either reduce the allocation of funds under section 611 for any fiscal year following the fiscal year for which the State fails to comply with the requirement of section 612(a)(18)(A) as authorized by section 612(a)(18)(B), or seek to recover funds under section 452 of the General Education Provisions Act (20 U.S.C. 1234a): Provided further, That the Secretary may reserve up to $100,000,000 of the funds made available for section 611 of the IDEA to support: (1) competitive grants to States, outlying areas, freely associated states, and the Secretary of the Interior to carry out activities identified in its State Systemic Improvement Plans to improve results for children with disabilities birth through age 21 under Parts B and C of the IDEA; and (2) related activities for carrying out and assessing the performance of such those grants: Provided further, That funds reserved under the preceding proviso shall remain available for obligation through September 30, 2016: Provided further, That each entity that receives a grant under the second preceding proviso may make subgrants, contracts, or otherwise distribute those funds on a competitive, targeted, or formula basis to public, private, and non-profit entities, including local educational agencies and early intervention service providers, to carry out activities authorized under that proviso: Provided further, That, notwithstanding section 611(d)(1) of the IDEA, after reserving funds under the third preceding proviso and funds for technical assistance, and for payments to the outlying areas, the freely associated States, and the Secretary of the Interior under sections 611(b) and (c) of the IDEA, the Secretary shall allocate the remaining amount among the States in accordance with section 611(d) of the IDEA. (Department of Education Appropriations Act, 2014.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0300–0–1–501 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Grants to States 10,982 11,476 10,644
0002 Preschool grants 353 353 353
0003 Grants for infants and families 443 493 450



0091 Subtotal, State grants 11,778 12,322 11,447
0101 State personnel development 42 42 42
0102 Technical assistance and dissemination 44 44 44
0103 Personnel preparation 84 84 84
0104 Parent information centers 27 27 27
0105 Technology and media services 28 28 28



0191 Subtotal, National activities 225 225 225



0200 Total Direct Program 12,003 12,547 11,672
0201 Special Olympics education programs 8 8 8
0203 PROMISE: Promoting Readiness of Minors in SSI 2 2



0291 Direct program activities, subtotal 10 10 8



0900 Total new obligations 12,013 12,557 11,680

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 103 72 12
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 3,357 3,214 2,477
1130 Appropriations permanently reduced –176



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 3,181 3,214 2,477
Advance appropriations, discretionary:
1170 Advance appropriation (Advance appropriated in previous year) 9,283 9,283 9,283
1173 Advance appropriations permanently reduced –482



1180 Advanced appropriation, discretionary (total) 8,801 9,283 9,283
1900 Budget authority (total) 11,982 12,497 11,760
1930 Total budgetary resources available 12,085 12,569 11,772
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 72 12 92

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 6,945 6,533 5,778
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 12,013 12,557 11,680
3020 Outlays (gross) –12,366 –13,312 –12,453
3041 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, expired –59



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 6,533 5,778 5,005
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year 6,945 6,533 5,778
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 6,533 5,778 5,005

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 11,982 12,497 11,760
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 6,111 7,616 7,606
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 6,255 5,696 4,847



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 12,366 13,312 12,453
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 11,982 12,497 11,760
4190 Outlays, net (total) 12,366 13,312 12,453

SUMMARY OF GRANTS TO STATES PROGRAM LEVEL [in millions of dollars]


2013–2014 Academic Year 2014–2015 Academic Year 2015–2016 Academic Year

Current Budget Authority $1,692 $2,189 $1,449
Advance appropriation 10,975 9,283 10,124



Total program level 11,578 11,472 11,573



Change in advance appropriation from the previous year 0 0 8411

1To account for the Administration's ESEA reauthorization proposal, the 2015 Budget eliminates the $1.7 billion advance appropriation that was previously in the School Improvement Programs account (renamed the Education Improvement Programs account) and replaces it with corresponding increases to advance appropriations in the Education for the Disadvantaged ($841 million, renamed the Accelerating Achievement and Ensuring Equity account) and Special Education ($841 million) accounts. Total advance appropriations in the Department of Education remain the same at $22.6 billion.

State Grants:

Grants to States._Formula grants are provided to States to assist them in providing special education and related services to children with disabilities ages 3 through 21. The request for the Grants to States program includes $100 million to support new Results Driven Accountability (RDA) Incentive grants. These 4-year competitive grants will be used by States to identify and implement promising, evidence-based reforms that will improve service delivery for children with disabilities served under Parts B and C of IDEA, while also building State and local capacity to continue to improve outcomes for those children in the long-term.

Preschool grants._Formula grants provide additional funds to States to further assist them in providing special education and related services to children with disabilities ages 3 through 5 served under the Grants to States program.
The goal of both of these programs is to improve results for children with disabilities by assisting State and local educational agencies to provide children with disabilities with access to high quality education that will help them meet challenging standards and prepare them for employment and independent living.

Grants for infants and families._Formula grants are provided to assist States to implement statewide systems of coordinated, comprehensive, multi-disciplinary interagency programs to provide early intervention services to children with disabilities, birth through age 2, and their families.
The goal of this program is to help States provide a comprehensive system of early intervention services that will enhance child and family outcomes.

National activities._These activities include personnel preparation and development, technical assistance, and other activities to support State efforts to improve results for children with disabilities under the State Grants programs.
The goal of National Activities is to link States, school systems, and families to best practices to improve results for infants, toddlers, and children with disabilities.

Special Olympics education programs._This program funds activities that promote the expansion of the Special Olympics and the design and implementation of Special Olympics education programs.
Performance data related to program goals include:

Basis for Leaving Special Education for Youth with Disabilities Ages 14 and Older


2009–2010 Actual 2010–2011 Actual 2011–2012 Actual


Status of Exiting Students

Percent / number of students with disabilities aged 14–21 exiting special education:
Graduated with a diploma 37.9% / 256,102 39.7% / 255,801 39.7% / 250,575
Graduated through certification 8.9% / 60,001 9.2% / 58,946 8.5% / 53,901
Transferred to regular education 9.9% / 66,920 9.5% / 61,243 10.2% / 64,637
Dropped out of school/not known to continue 12.8% / 86,327 12.6% / 80,927 12.7% / 80,427
Moved, but known to have continued in education 29.6% / 199,899 28.2% / 181,618 27.9% / 175,709
Reached maximum age for services/other .8% / 5,071 .8% / 5,245 .9% / 5,565



Total 100% / 674,320 100% / 643,780 100% / 630,823

Note-Percentages may not add to 100% due to rounding.Note-Previous versions of this table did not contain the categories "Transferred to regular education" and "Moved, but known to have continued in education." The Department of Education revised its data collection forms to include these additional items, which track additional students with disabilities ages 14 and older who leave special education, and are mutually exclusive with other categories included in this table. Because this is the case, the percentages reported in this table are not comparable with percentages reported in the same table in previous years.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0300–0–1–501 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Direct obligations:
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 5 5 3
25.3 Other goods and services from Federal sources 1 1 1
41.0 Grants, subsidies, and contributions 12,007 12,551 11,676



99.9 Total new obligations 12,013 12,557 11,680

Rehabilitation Services and Disability Research

For carrying out, to the extent not otherwise provided, the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, the Assistive Technology Act of 1998, and the Helen Keller National Center Act, [$3,680,497,000] $3,683,335,000, of which [$3,302,053,000] $3,335,074,000 shall be for grants for vocational rehabilitation services under title I of the Rehabilitation Act: Provided, That the Secretary of Education may allocate to States, in accordance with a formula determined by the Secretary, up to $33,021,000 of the amount provided for the vocational rehabilitation servcies program: Provided further, That section 302(g)(3) of the Rehabilitation Act shall not apply to funds provided under section 302 of such Act: Provided further, That the Secretary may use amounts provided in this Act that remain available subsequent to the reallotment of funds to States pursuant to section 110(b) of the Rehabilitation Act for innovative activities aimed at improving the outcomes of individuals with disabilities as defined in section 7(20)(B) of the Rehabilitation Act, including activities aimed at improving the education and post-school outcomes of children receiving Supplemental Security Income ("SSI'') and their families that may result in long-term improvement in the SSI child recipient's economic status and self-sufficiency: [Provided further, That from the remaining available amounts that are not used to carry out activities aimed at improving the education and post-school outcomes of children receiving SSI and their families authorized in the previous proviso, up to $20,000,000 may be used for other innovative activities aimed at improving the outcomes of individuals with disabilities as defined in section 7(20)(B) of the Rehabilitation Act:] Provided further, That States may award subgrants for a portion of the funds to other public and private, non-profit entities: Provided further, That any funds made available subsequent to reallotment for innovative activities aimed at improving the outcomes of individuals with disabilities shall remain available until September 30, [2015: Provided further, That $2,000,000 shall be for competitive grants to support alternative financing programs that provide for the purchase of assistive technology devices, such as a low-interest loan fund; an interest buy-down program; a revolving loan fund; a loan guarantee; or insurance program: Provided further, That applicants shall provide an assurance that, and information describing the manner in which, the alternative financing program will expand and emphasize consumer choice and control: Provided further, That State agencies and community-based disability organizations that are directed by and operated for individuals with disabilities shall be eligible to compete] 2016. (Department of Education Appropriations Act, 2014.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0301–0–1–506 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Vocational rehabilitation State grants 2,985 3,064 3,335
0002 Client assistance State grants 12 12 12
0003 Supported employment State grants 27 28
0004 Migrant and seasonal farmworkers 1 1
0005 Training 34 34 30
0006 Demonstration and training programs 5 5 6
0007 Independent living 130 135 135
0008 Protection and advocacy of individual rights 17 17 17
0009 National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research 103 104 108
0011 Helen Keller National Center 9 9 9
0012 Assistive technology 31 33 31
0013 PROMISE 119 82 20



0100 Total direct program 3,473 3,524 3,703



0799 Total direct obligations 3,473 3,524 3,703
0801 Reimbursable program 2 2 2



0900 Total new obligations 3,475 3,526 3,705

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1012 Unobligated balance transfers between expired and unexpired accounts 119 82 20



1050 Unobligated balance (total) 119 82 20
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 390 378 348
1130 Appropriations permanently reduced –20



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 370 378 348
Appropriations, mandatory:
1200 Appropriation 3,231 3,302 3,335
1230 Appropriations and/or unobligated balance of appropriations permanently reduced –165 –238



1260 Appropriations, mandatory (total) 3,066 3,064 3,335
Spending authority from offsetting collections, discretionary:
1700 Collected 2 2 2



1750 Spending auth from offsetting collections, disc (total) 2 2 2
1900 Budget authority (total) 3,438 3,444 3,685
1930 Total budgetary resources available 3,557 3,526 3,705
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1940 Unobligated balance expiring –82

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 2,363 2,292 1,666
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 3,475 3,526 3,705
3011 Obligations incurred, expired accounts 38
3020 Outlays (gross) –3,482 –4,152 –3,698
3041 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, expired –102



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 2,292 1,666 1,673
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year 2,363 2,292 1,666
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 2,292 1,666 1,673

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 372 380 350
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 84 239 220
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 317 362 164



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 401 601 384
Offsets against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (collected) from:
4030 Federal sources –2 –2 –2
Mandatory:
4090 Budget authority, gross 3,066 3,064 3,335
Outlays, gross:
4100 Outlays from new mandatory authority 1,482 1,930 2,101
4101 Outlays from mandatory balances 1,599 1,621 1,213



4110 Outlays, gross (total) 3,081 3,551 3,314
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 3,436 3,442 3,683
4190 Outlays, net (total) 3,480 4,150 3,696

Vocational rehabilitation State grants._The basic State grants program provides Federal matching funds to State vocational rehabilitation (VR) agencies to assist individuals with physical or mental impairments to become gainfully employed. Services are tailored to the specific needs of the individual. Priority is given to serving those with the most significant disabilities. Current law requires that between 1.0 percent and 1.5 percent of the funds appropriated for the VR State grants program be set aside for Grants for Indians.
The program performance measures for this program are based on State VR agency performance indicators developed pursuant to Section 106 of the Rehabilitation Act. One of these indicators measures the percentage of general and combined State VR agencies that assist at least 55.8 percent of individuals receiving services to achieve an employment outcome. In 2012, 57 percent of the agencies met this performance criterion. Another indicator measures the percentage of general and combined State VR agencies that assist at least 85 percent of individuals with employment outcomes to achieve competitive employment. In 2012, 96 percent of general and combined agencies met this performance criterion. These outcome data are based on the approximately 323,300 individuals whose service records were closed in 2012 after receiving services.
The request for the VR State Grants program includes the CPIU adjustment specified in the authorizing statute, which would offset the reduction in funds resulting from the Administration's proposal to eliminate separate funding authorities for the smaller VR-related programs under the Rehabilitation Act in order to reduce duplication of effort and administrative costs, streamline program administration at the Federal and local level, and improve efficiency and accountability. The FY 2015 request also includes language that would allow the Secretary to use amounts provided in this Act for the VR State Grants program that remain available subsequent to the reallotment of funds to States pursuant to section 110(b) of the Rehabilitation Act to support innovative activities aimed at improving outcomes for individuals with disabilities, including activities under the Promoting Readiness of Minors in Supplemental Security Income (PROMISE) program.

Client assistance State grants._Formula grants are made to States to provide assistance in informing and advising clients and applicants about benefits available under the Rehabilitation Act and, if requested, to pursue legal or administrative remedies to ensure the protection of the rights of individuals with disabilities.

Training._Grants are made to States and public or nonprofit agencies and organizations, including institutions of higher education, to increase the number of skilled personnel available for employment in the field of rehabilitation and to upgrade the skills of those already employed. The Administration's proposal would eliminate funds currently provided to State VR agencies to support in-service training for agency personnel under section 302(g)(3) of the Training program as these agencies are able to use VR State Grant funds for training State agency personnel. This proposal would eliminate the administrative costs involved in making small grants each year to State VR agencies under the Training program and improve the efficiency of training delivered under the Rehabilitation Act.

Demonstration and training programs._Competitive grants and contracts are awarded to expand and improve the provision and effectiveness of programs and services authorized under the Rehabilitation Act or further the purposes of the Act in promoting the employment and independence of individuals with disabilities in the community. Funds are used to support model demonstrations, technical assistance, and projects designed to improve program performance and the delivery of vocational rehabilitation and independent living services.

Independent living._Grants are awarded to States and consumer-controlled nonprofit organizations to assist individuals with significant disabilities in their achievement of self-determined independent living goals. Grants are also awarded to provide support services to older blind individuals to increase their ability to care for their own needs.

Protection and advocacy of individual rights._Formula grants are made to State protection and advocacy systems to protect the legal and human rights of individuals with disabilities.

National institute on disability and rehabilitation research._The Institute carries out a comprehensive and coordinated program of rehabilitation research and related activities. Through grants and contracts, it supports the conduct and dissemination of research and development aimed at improving the lives of individuals with disabilities. The Institute also promotes the development and utilization of new technologies to assist these individuals in achieving greater independence and integration into society. Funds would also be used to conduct rigorous evaluations of programs and activities authorized under the Rehabilitation Act.

Helen Keller national center for deaf blind youths and adults._The Center provides services to deaf-blind youths and adults and provides training and technical assistance to professional and allied personnel at its national headquarters center and through its regional representatives and affiliate agencies.

Assistive technology._Assistive Technology (AT) programs support AT State formula grants to implement comprehensive Statewide programs designed to maximize the ability of individuals with disabilities of all ages to obtain assistive technology. States conduct activities that include alternative financing programs, device reutilization programs, device loan programs, and device demonstrations. Formula grants are also provided under the AT Protection and Advocacy program to systems established under the Developmental Disabilities Assistance and Bill of Rights Act for protection and advocacy services to assist individuals with disabilities of all ages. Funds also support national technical assistance activities for these formula grant programs.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0301–0–1–506 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Direct obligations:
25.1 Advisory and assistance services 6 6 6
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 1 1 1
41.0 Grants, subsidies, and contributions 3,466 3,517 3,696



99.0 Direct obligations 3,473 3,524 3,703
99.0 Reimbursable obligations 2 2 2



99.9 Total new obligations 3,475 3,526 3,705

Special Institutions for Persons With Disabilities

american printing house for the blind

For carrying out the Act of March 3, 1879, $24,456,000. (Department of Education Appropriations Act, 2014.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0600–0–1–501 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 American printing house for the blind 23 24 25



0900 Total new obligations (object class 41.0) 23 24 25

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 1 1
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 25 24 24
1130 Appropriations permanently reduced –1



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 24 24 24
1930 Total budgetary resources available 24 25 25
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 1 1

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 7 6 6
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 23 24 25
3020 Outlays (gross) –24 –24 –24



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 6 6 7
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year 7 6 6
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 6 6 7

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 24 24 24
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 17 18 18
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 7 6 6



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 24 24 24
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 24 24 24
4190 Outlays, net (total) 24 24 24

The Federal appropriation supports: the production and distribution of free educational materials for students below the college level who are blind, research related to developing and improving products, and advisory services to consumer organizations on the availability and use of materials. In 2013, the portion of the Federal appropriation allocated to educational materials represented approximately 72 percent of the Printing House's total sales. The full 2013 appropriation represented approximately 75 percent of the Printing House's total budget.

National Technical Institute for the Deaf

For the National Technical Institute for the Deaf under titles I and II of the Education of the Deaf Act of 1986, $66,291,000: Provided, That from the total amount available, the Institute may at its discretion use funds for the endowment program as authorized under section 207 of such Act. (Department of Education Appropriations Act, 2014.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0601–0–1–502 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Operations 62 66 66



0900 Total new obligations (object class 41.0) 62 66 66

Budgetary Resources:
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 65 66 66
1130 Appropriations permanently reduced –3



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 62 66 66
1930 Total budgetary resources available 62 66 66

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 2 2 2
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 62 66 66
3020 Outlays (gross) –62 –66 –66



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 2 2 2
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year 2 2 2
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 2 2 2

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 62 66 66
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 62 66 66
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 62 66 66
4190 Outlays, net (total) 62 66 66

This residential program provides postsecondary technical and professional education for people who are deaf to prepare them for employment, provides training, and conducts applied research into employment-related aspects of deafness. In 2013, the Federal appropriation represented approximately 71 percent of the Institute's operating budget. The 2015 request includes funds that may be used for the Endowment Grant program.

Gallaudet University

For the Kendall Demonstration Elementary School, the Model Secondary School for the Deaf, and the partial support of Gallaudet University under titles I and II of the Education of the Deaf Act of 1986, $119,000,000: Provided, That from the total amount available, the University may at its discretion use funds for the endowment program as authorized under section 207 of such Act. (Department of Education Appropriations Act, 2014.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0602–0–1–502 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Operations 111 119 119
0002 Construction 8



0900 Total new obligations (object class 41.0) 119 119 119

Budgetary Resources:
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 126 119 119
1130 Appropriations permanently reduced –7



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 119 119 119
1930 Total budgetary resources available 119 119 119

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 17 25 7
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 119 119 119
3020 Outlays (gross) –111 –137 –125



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 25 7 1
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year 17 25 7
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 25 7 1

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 119 119 119
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 111 119 119
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 18 6



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 111 137 125
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 119 119 119
4190 Outlays, net (total) 111 137 125

This institution provides undergraduate, continuing education, and graduate programs related to deafness for students who are deaf and hard of hearing. The University also conducts basic and applied research and provides public service programs for persons who are deaf and persons who work with them.

Gallaudet operates the Laurent Clerc National Deaf Education Center, which includes two elementary and secondary education programs on the main campus of the University. The Kendall Demonstration Elementary School serves students who are deaf from infancy through age 15, and the Model Secondary School for the Deaf (MSSD) serves high school age students who are deaf. The Clerc Center also develops and disseminates information on effective educational techniques and strategies for teachers and professionals working with students who are deaf or hard of hearing.

In 2013, the appropriation for Gallaudet represented approximately 67 percent of total revenue for the University. Approximately 25 percent of the Federal appropriation was used to support activities at the Clerc Center, which received nearly 100 percent of its revenue through the appropriation. In addition, the University receives other Federal funds such as student financial aid, vocational rehabilitation, Endowment Grant program income, and competitive grants and contracts. The 2015 request includes funds that may be used for the Endowment Grant program.

Office of Vocational and Adult Education

Federal Funds

Career, Technical, and Adult Education

For carrying out, to the extent not otherwise provided, [the Carl D. Perkins Career and Technical Education Act of 2006 and] the Adult Education and Family Literacy Act ("AEFLA''), [$1,702,686,000, of] $597,667,000, which [$911,686,000] shall become available on July 1, [2014] 2015, and shall remain available through September 30, [2015, and of which $791,000,000 shall become available on October 1, 2014, and shall remain available through September 30, 2015] 2016: Provided, That of the amount provided for Adult Education State Grants, $70,811,000 shall be made available for integrated English literacy and civics education services to immigrants and other limited-English-proficient populations: Provided further, That of the amount reserved for integrated English literacy and civics education, notwithstanding section 211 of the AEFLA, 65 percent shall be allocated to States based on a State's absolute need as determined by calculating each State's share of a 10-year average of the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services data for immigrants admitted for legal permanent residence for the 10 most recent years, and 35 percent allocated to States that experienced growth as measured by the average of the 3 most recent years for which United States Citizenship and Immigration Services data for immigrants admitted for legal permanent residence are available, except that no State shall be allocated an amount less than $60,000: Provided further, That of the amounts made available for AEFLA, [$13,712,000] $33,712,000 shall be for national leadership activities under section 243. (Department of Education Appropriations Act, 2014.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0400–0–1–501 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 State grants 1,065 1,118 791
0002 National programs 8 7



0091 Total, Career and technical education 1,073 1,125 791
0101 State grants 565 574 574
0102 National leadership activities 11 14 34



0191 Total, adult education 576 588 608



0900 Total new obligations 1,649 1,713 1,399

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 31 30 20
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 946 912 598
1130 Appropriations permanently reduced –49



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 897 912 598
Advance appropriations, discretionary:
1170 Advance appropriation from prior year 791 791 791
1173 Advance appropriations permanently reduced –41



1180 Advanced appropriation, discretionary (total) 750 791 791
Spending authority from offsetting collections, discretionary:
1700 Collected 1



1750 Spending auth from offsetting collections, disc (total) 1
1900 Budget authority (total) 1,648 1,703 1,389
1930 Total budgetary resources available 1,679 1,733 1,409
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 30 20 10

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 1,469 1,325 1,393
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 1,649 1,713 1,399
3020 Outlays (gross) –1,786 –1,645 –1,425
3041 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, expired –7



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 1,325 1,393 1,367
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year 1,469 1,325 1,393
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 1,325 1,393 1,367

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 1,648 1,703 1,389
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 576 621 598
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 1,210 1,024 827



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 1,786 1,645 1,425
Offsets against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (collected) from:
4030 Federal sources –1
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 1,647 1,703 1,389
4190 Outlays, net (total) 1,785 1,645 1,425

Summary of Budget Authority and Outlays (in millions of dollars)


2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Enacted/requested:
Budget Authority 1,647 1,703 1,389
Outlays 1,785 1,645 1,425
Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO:
Budget Authority 334
Outlays 17
Total:
Budget Authority 1,647 1,703 1,723
Outlays 1,785 1,645 1,442

SUMMARY OF PROGRAM LEVEL

(in millions of dollars)


2013–14 Academic Year 2014–15 Academic Year 2015–16 Academic Year

New Budget Authority $856 $912 $932
Advance Appropriation 791 791 791



Total program level 1,647 1,703 1,723



Change in advance appropriation over previous year +1 0 0

The Administration is proposing legislation reauthorizing the Carl D. Perkins Career and Technical Education Act of 2006, including programs in this account. When new authorizing legislation is enacted, resources will be requested for these programs. See the "Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO" schedule for additional details.

Adult education:

State programs._Funds support formula grants to States to help eliminate functional illiteracy among the Nation's adults, to assist adults in obtaining a high school diploma or its equivalent, and to promote family literacy. A portion of the funds is reserved for formula grants to States to provide English literacy and civics education for immigrants and other limited English proficient adults.

National leadership activities._Funds support discretionary activities to evaluate the effectiveness of Federal, State, and local adult education programs, and to test and demonstrate methods of improving program quality. The additional funds requested in fiscal year 2015 would support new competitive Skills Challenge Grants for partnerships—among States, adult education providers, institutions of higher education, and private organizations, including industry representatives with identified regional or local workforce needs—that build evidence of effectiveness and demonstrate innovative models for transforming our adult education system.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0400–0–1–501 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Direct obligations:
25.5 Research and development contracts 15 17 28
25.7 Operation and maintenance of equipment 2 1
41.0 Grants, subsidies, and contributions 1,634 1,694 1,370



99.9 Total new obligations 1,649 1,713 1,399

Career, Technical and Adult Education

(Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0400–2–1–501 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 State grants 327
0002 National programs 7



0900 Total new obligations 334

Budgetary Resources:
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 334



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 334
1900 Budget authority (total) 334
1930 Total budgetary resources available 334

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 334
3020 Outlays (gross) –17



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 317
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 317

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 334
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 17
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 334
4190 Outlays, net (total) 17

The resources in this schedule are proposed for later transmittal under proposed legislation to reauthorize the Carl D. Perkins Career and Technical Education Act of 2006.

Career and Technical Education:

State grants.—Funds would support formula grants to States for programs that focus on improving the academic achievement and career and technical skills of secondary and postsecondary students. Funds would also support projects to promote innovation in career and technical education.

National programs.—Funds would support discretionary activities to support research, evaluation, data collection, technical assistance, and other national leadership activities aimed at improving the quality and effectiveness of career and technical education.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0400–2–1–501 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Direct obligations:
25.5 Research and development contracts 6
25.7 Operation and maintenance of equipment 1
41.0 Grants, subsidies, and contributions 327



99.9 Total new obligations 334

Office of Postsecondary Education

Federal Funds

Higher Education

For carrying out, to the extent not otherwise provided, titles II, III, IV, V, VI, VII, and VIII of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (HEA), the Mutual Educational and Cultural Exchange Act of 1961, and section 117 of the Carl D. Perkins Career and Technical Education Act of 2006, [$1,925,408,000] $2,060,080,000: Provided, That [$575,000] $52,000,000 shall be used for data collection [and], evaluation, research, and demonstration activities [for] relating to programs under the HEA, including [such] activities [needed to comply with the Government Performance and Results Act of 1993] that are designed to test approaches for providing grant, loan, or work assistance under title IV of the HEA in ways that promote access to, and completion of, affordable and high-quality postsecondary education programs: Provided further, That, notwithstanding any other provision of law, funds made available in this Act to carry out title VI of the HEA and section 102(b)(6) of the Mutual Educational and Cultural Exchange Act of 1961 may be used to support visits and study in foreign countries by individuals who are participating in advanced foreign language training and international studies in areas that are vital to United States national security and who plan to apply their language skills and knowledge of these countries in the fields of government, the professions, or international development: Provided further, That of the funds referred to in the preceding proviso up to 1 percent may be used for program evaluation, national outreach, and information dissemination activities: [Provided further, That, of the amount available under subpart 2 of part A of title VII of the HEA, the Secretary may use up to $1,485,000 to fund continuation awards for projects originally supported under subpart 1 of part A of title VII of the HEA:] Provided further, That, notwithstanding any other provision of law, funds made available for title VI of the HEA may be used for awards to support cross-border collaborations between consortia of U.S. institutions of higher education and Southeast Asian or Sub-Saharan African institutions of higher eduction, or with both, for mutually beneficial educational partnerships and the exchange of students: Provided further, That up to 1.5 percent of the funds made available under chapter 2 of subpart 2 of part A of title IV of the HEA may be used for evaluation: Provided further, That up to $75,000,000 of the funds made available under this Act for part B of title VII of the HEA may be used for awards to institutions described in sections 316, 317, 318, 319, 320, 322, and 502 of the HEA to undertake reforms and pursue innovations to improve the performance of those institutions in enrolling and graduating low-income students. (Department of Education Appropriations Act, 2014.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0201–0–1–502 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Strengthening institutions 76 79 79
0002 Strengthening tribally controlled colleges and universities 53 53 55
0003 Strengthening Alaska Native and Native Hawaiian-serving institutions 24 26 27
0004 Strengthening historically Black colleges and universities 297 302 307
0005 Strengthening historically Black graduate institutions 56 58 58
0006 Masters degree programs for HBCUs and predominantly Black institutions 11 11
0007 Strengthening predominantly Black institutions 24 23 24
0008 Strengthening Asian American and Native American Pacific Islander-serving institutions 8 8 8
0009 Strengthening Native American-serving nontribal institutions 8 8 8
0010 Minority science and engineering improvement 9 9 9



0091 Subtotal, aid for institutional development 566 577 575
0101 Developing Hispanic-serving institutions 95 99 99
0102 Developing Hispanic-serving institution STEM and articulation programs 100 93 100
0103 Promoting baccalaureate opportunities for Hispanic Americans 19 20 9
0104 International education and foreign language studies 70 72 76
0105 Fund for the Improvement of Postsecondary Education 3 79 175
0106 Model transition programs for students with intellectual disabilities into higher education 10 10
0107 Tribally controlled postsecondary vocational and technical institutions 8 8 8
0108 Special programs for migrant students 37



0191 Subtotal, other aid for institutions 305 381 504
0201 Federal TRIO programs 796 838 838
0202 Gaining early awareness and readiness for undergraduate programs (GEAR UP) 286 302 302
0203 Graduate assistance in areas of national need 29 29 29
0204 Child care access means parents in school 15 15 15



0291 Subtotal, assistance for students 1,126 1,184 1,184
0301 Teacher quality partnerships 41 41
0302 GPRA data/HEA program evaluation 1 1 52
0303 College access challenge grants 72 139



0391 Subtotal, other higher education activities 114 181 52



0900 Total new obligations 2,111 2,323 2,315

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 1 129
1012 Unobligated balance transfers between expired and unexpired accounts 132 129 124



1050 Unobligated balance (total) 133 129 253
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 1,870 1,926 2,060
1130 Appropriations permanently reduced –98



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 1,772 1,926 2,060
Appropriations, mandatory:
1200 Appropriation 428 397 255
1230 Appropriations and/or unobligated balance of appropriations permanently reduced –22



1260 Appropriations, mandatory (total) 406 397 255
1900 Budget authority (total) 2,178 2,323 2,315
1930 Total budgetary resources available 2,311 2,452 2,568
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1940 Unobligated balance expiring –200
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 129 253

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 3,361 3,084 3,190
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 2,111 2,323 2,315
3020 Outlays (gross) –2,339 –2,217 –2,275
3041 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, expired –49



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 3,084 3,190 3,230
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year 3,361 3,084 3,190
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 3,084 3,190 3,230

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 1,772 1,926 2,060
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 37 58 62
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 1,909 1,697 1,807



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 1,946 1,755 1,869
Mandatory:
4090 Budget authority, gross 406 397 255
Outlays, gross:
4100 Outlays from new mandatory authority 12 8
4101 Outlays from mandatory balances 393 450 398



4110 Outlays, gross (total) 393 462 406
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 2,178 2,323 2,315
4190 Outlays, net (total) 2,339 2,217 2,275

Summary of Budget Authority and Outlays (in millions of dollars)


2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Enacted/requested:
Budget Authority 2,178 2,323 2,315
Outlays 2,339 2,217 2,275
Legislative proposal, subject to PAYGO:
Budget Authority 1,647
Outlays 143
Total:
Budget Authority 2,178 2,323 3,962
Outlays 2,339 2,217 2,418

Aid for institutional development:

Strengthening institutions._Funds support planning and development grants for improving academic programs and financial management at schools that enroll high proportions of disadvantaged students and have low per-student expenditures.

Strengthening tribally controlled colleges and universities._Discretionary and mandatory funds support grants to American Indian tribally controlled colleges and universities with scarce resources to enable them to improve and expand their capacity to serve students and to strengthen management and fiscal operations.

Strengthening Alaska Native and Native Hawaiian-serving institutions._Discretionary and mandatory funds support Alaska Native and Native Hawaiian-serving institutions to enable them to improve and expand their capacity to serve students and to strengthen management and fiscal operations.

Strengthening historically Black colleges and universities._Discretionary and mandatory funds support grants to help historically Black undergraduate institutions to improve and expand their capacity to serve students and to strengthen management and fiscal operations.

Strengthening historically Black graduate institutions._Funds support grants to help historically Black graduate institutions to improve and expand their capacity to serve students and to strengthen management and fiscal operations.

._

Strengthening predominantly Black institutions._Discretionary and mandatory funds support grants to predominantly Black institutions to improve and expand their capacity to serve students.

Strengthening Asian American and Native American Pacific Islander-serving institutions._Discretionary and mandatory funds support grants to help Asian American and Native American Pacific Islander-serving institutions improve and expand their capacity to serve students and to strengthen management and fiscal operations.

Strengthening Native American-serving nontribal institutions._Discretionary and mandatory funds support grants to help Native American-serving nontribal institutions improve and expand their capacity to serve students and to strengthen management and fiscal operations.

Minority science and engineering improvement._Funds support grants to predominantly minority institutions to help them make long-range improvements in science and engineering education and to increase the participation of minorities in scientific and technological careers.
Aid for Hispanic-serving institutions:

Developing Hispanic-serving institutions._Funds support Hispanic-serving institutions to help them improve and expand their capacity to serve students.

Developing Hispanic-serving institutions STEM and articulation programs._Mandatory funds support Hispanic-serving institutions to help them improve and expand their capacity to serve students with priority given to applications that propose to increase the number of Hispanics and other low-income students attaining degrees in the fields of science, technology, engineering, or mathematics; and to develop model transfer and articulation agreements between 2-year Hispanic-serving institutions and 4-year institutions in such fields.

Promoting postbaccalaureate opportunities for Hispanic Americans._Discretionary funds support Hispanic-serving Institutions to help them expand and improve postbaccalaureate educational opportunities.
Other aid for institutions:

International education and foreign language studies programs._Funds promote the development and improvement of domestic and overseas international and foreign language programs.

Fund for the improvement of postsecondary education._Funds would support the First in the World initiative, which would develop and test innovative strategies and practices that improve college completion rates and make college more affordable, particularly for low-income students. Funds would also support College Success Grants to minority-serving institutions to develop sustainable strategies to reduce costs and improve student outcomes.

Tribally controlled postsecondary career and technical institutions._Funds support the operation and improvement of eligible tribally controlled postsecondary career institutions to ensure continued and expanded educational opportunities for Indian students.

Special programs for migrant students._Funds support grants to institutions of higher education and nonprofit organizations that assist migrant students in earning a high school equivalency certificate or in completing their first year of college.
Assistance for students:

Federal TRIO programs._Funds support postsecondary education outreach and student support services to help individuals from disadvantaged backgrounds prepare for, enter, and complete college and graduate studies.

Gaining early awareness and readiness for undergraduate programs._Funds support early college preparation and awareness activities at the State and local levels to ensure that low-income elementary and secondary school students are prepared for and pursue postsecondary education.

Graduate assistance in areas of national need._Funds support fellowships to graduate students of superior ability who have financial need for study in areas of national need .

Child care access means parents in school._Funds support a program designed to bolster the participation of low-income parents in postsecondary education through the provision of campus-based child care services.
Other activities:

GPRA data/HEA program evaluation._Funds support data collection, evaluation, research, and demonstration activities relating to programs under the HEA.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0201–0–1–502 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Direct obligations:
25.1 Advisory and assistance services 3 5 56
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 2 7 6
25.7 Operation and maintenance of equipment 2 1 1
41.0 Grants, subsidies, and contributions 2,104 2,310 2,252



99.9 Total new obligations 2,111 2,323 2,315

Higher Education

(Legislative proposal, subject to PAYGO)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0201–4–1–502 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 State higher education performance (SHEP) fund 1,000
0002 College opportunity and graduation bonuses 647



0900 Total new obligations (object class 41.0) 1,647

Budgetary Resources:
Budget authority:
Appropriations, mandatory:
1200 Appropriation 1,647



1260 Appropriations, mandatory (total) 1,647
1930 Total budgetary resources available 1,647

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 1,647
3020 Outlays (gross) –143



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 1,504
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 1,504

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Mandatory:
4090 Budget authority, gross 1,647
Outlays, gross:
4100 Outlays from new mandatory authority 143
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 1,647
4190 Outlays, net (total) 143

State higher education performance fund.—Funds are provided for a new competitive grant program for States to support, reform, and improve the performance of their public higher education systems. This program would call on States to make college more affordable and increase college access and success, especially for low-income students.

College opportunity and graduation bonus.—Funds would support a program to reward colleges that successfully enroll and graduate a significant number of low- and moderate-income students on time and encourage all institutions to improve their performance.

Howard University

For partial support of Howard University, $221,821,000, of which not less than $3,405,000 shall be for a matching endowment grant pursuant to the Howard University Endowment Act and shall remain available until expended. (Department of Education Appropriations Act, 2014.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0603–0–1–502 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 General support 195 195 195
0002 Howard University Hospital 27 27 27



0900 Total new obligations (object class 41.0) 222 222 222

Budgetary Resources:
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 234 222 222
1130 Appropriations permanently reduced –12



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 222 222 222
1930 Total budgetary resources available 222 222 222

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 4 4 13
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 222 222 222
3020 Outlays (gross) –222 –213 –222



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 4 13 13
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year 4 4 13
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 4 13 13

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 222 222 222
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 218 209 209
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 4 4 13



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 222 213 222
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 222 222 222
4190 Outlays, net (total) 222 213 222

Howard University is a private, nonprofit educational institution consisting of 12 schools and colleges. Federal funds are used to provide partial support for university programs as well as for the teaching hospital facilities. In 2013, Federal funding represented approximately 38 percent of the university's revenue.

College Housing and Academic Facilities Loans Program

For Federal administrative expenses to carry out activities related to existing facility loans pursuant to section 121 of the HEA, $435,000. (Department of Education Appropriations Act, 2014.)

Historically Black College and University Capital Financing Program Account

For the cost of guaranteed loans, $19,096,000, as authorized pursuant to part D of title III of the HEA, which shall remain available through September 30, [2015] 2016: Provided, That such costs, including the cost of modifying such loans, shall be as defined in section 502 of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974: Provided further, That these funds are available to subsidize total loan principal, any part of which is to be guaranteed, not to exceed $303,593,000: Provided further, That these funds may be used to support loans to public and private Historically Black Colleges and Universities without regard to the limitations within section 344(a) of the HEA.

In addition, for administrative expenses to carry out the Historically Black College and University Capital Financing Program entered into pursuant to part D of title III of the HEA, $334,000. (Department of Education Appropriations Act, 2014.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0241–0–1–502 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Obligations by program activity:
Credit program obligations:
0701 Direct loan subsidy 14 19 20
0705 Reestimates of direct loan subsidy 1 36
0709 Administrative expenses 1 1



0900 Total new obligations (object class 41.0) 15 56 21

Budgetary Resources:
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 19 20 21



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 19 20 21
Appropriations, mandatory:
1200 Appropriation 1 36



1260 Appropriations, mandatory (total) 1 36
1900 Budget authority (total) 20 56 21
1930 Total budgetary resources available 20 56 21
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1940 Unobligated balance expiring –5

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 35 35 39
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 15 56 21
3020 Outlays (gross) –15 –52 –16



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 35 39 44
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year 35 35 39
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 35 39 44

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 19 20 21
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 9 5 5
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 5 11 11



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 14 16 16
Mandatory:
4090 Budget authority, gross 1 36
Outlays, gross:
4100 Outlays from new mandatory authority 1 36
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 20 56 21
4190 Outlays, net (total) 15 52 16

Summary of Loan Levels, Subsidy Budget Authority and Outlays by Program (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0241–0–1–502 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Direct loan levels supportable by subsidy budget authority:
115002 Historically Black Colleges and Universities 215 303 340



115999 Total direct loan levels 215 303 340
Direct loan subsidy (in percent):
132002 Historically Black Colleges and Universities 6.29 3.09 5.94



132999 Weighted average subsidy rate 6.29 3.09 5.94
Direct loan subsidy budget authority:
133002 Historically Black Colleges and Universities 13 19 20



133999 Total subsidy budget authority 13 19 20
Direct loan subsidy outlays:
134002 Historically Black Colleges and Universities 13 7 11



134999 Total subsidy outlays 13 7 11
Direct loan upward reestimates:
135002 Historically Black Colleges and Universities 1 32
135003 HBCU Hurricane Supplemental 4



135999 Total upward reestimate budget authority 1 36
Direct loan downward reestimates:
137001 College housing and academic facilities loans –1
137002 Historically Black Colleges and Universities –27 –20
137003 HBCU Hurricane Supplemental –171 –18



137999 Total downward reestimate budget authority –199 –38

Administrative expense data:
3510 Budget authority 1 1 1

As required by the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990, this account records the subsidy costs associated with the direct loans obligated and loan guarantees committed in 1992 and beyond, as well as any administrative expenses for the College Housing and Academic Facilities Loans Program and the Historically Black College and University Capital Financing Program. The subsidy amounts are estimated on a present value basis; the administrative expenses are on a cash basis. These programs are administered separately but consolidated in the Budget for presentation purposes.

College housing and academic facilities loans program._Funds for this activity pay the Federal costs of administering the College Housing and Academic Facilities Loans (CHAFL), College Housing Loans (CHL), and Higher Education Facilities Loans (HEFL) programs. Prior to 1994, these programs provided financing for the construction, reconstruction, and renovation of housing, academic, and other educational facilities. Although no new loans have been awarded since 1993, the Department of Education will incur costs for administering the outstanding loans through 2030.

Historically Black college and university capital financing program._The Historically Black College and University (HBCU) Capital Financing Program provides HBCUs with access to capital financing for the repair, renovation, and construction of classrooms, libraries, laboratories, dormitories, instructional equipment, and research instrumentation. The authorizing statute gives the Department authority to enter into insurance agreements with a private for-profit Designated Bonding Authority. The bonding authority issues the loans and maintains an escrow account in which 5 percent of each institution's principal is deposited. The Budget requests $19.1 million in new loan subsidies, allowing the program to guarantee an estimated $322 million in new loans in 2015. The Budget also requests a 2-year period of availability for this loan subsidy. In addition, the Budget requests funds for the Federal costs of administering the program and providing technical assistance activities that improve the financial stability of HBCUs.

Employment Summary


Identification code 91–0241–0–1–502 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

1001 Direct civilian full-time equivalent employment 4 4 4

College Housing and Academic Facilities Loans Financing Account

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–4252–0–3–502 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Obligations by program activity:
Credit program obligations:
0713 Payment of interest to Treasury 1 1 1
0743 Interest on downward reestimates 1



0900 Total new obligations 2 1 1

Budgetary Resources:
Financing authority:
Spending authority from offsetting collections, mandatory:
1800 Collected 2 1 1



1850 Spending auth from offsetting collections, mand (total) 2 1 1
1930 Total budgetary resources available 2 1 1

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 1 1
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 2 1 1
3020 Financing disbursements (gross) –1 –1 –1



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 1 1 1
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year 1 1
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 1 1 1

Financing authority and disbursements, net:
Mandatory:
4090 Financing authority, gross 2 1 1
Financing disbursements:
4110 Financing disbursements, gross 1 1 1
Offsets against gross financing authority and disbursements:
Offsetting collections (collected) from:
4123 Interest repayments –2 –1 –1
4190 Financing disbursements, net (total) –1

Status of Direct Loans (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–4252–0–3–502 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Cumulative balance of direct loans outstanding:
1210 Outstanding, start of year 10 10 10
1251 Repayments: Repayments and prepayments



1290 Outstanding, end of year 10 10 10

As required by the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990, this non-budgetary account records all cash flows to and from the Government resulting from direct loans obligated in 1992 and 1993. The amounts in this account are a means of financing and are not included in the budget totals.

Balance Sheet (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–4252–0–3–502 2012 actual 2013 actual

ASSETS:
Net value of assets related to post-1991 direct loans receivable:
1401 Direct loans receivable, gross 10 10
1405 Allowance for subsidy cost (-) –2 –2


1499 Net present value of assets related to direct loans 8 8


1999 Total assets 8 8
LIABILITIES:
2103 Federal liabilities: Debt 8 8


4999 Total liabilities and net position 8 8

College Housing and Academic Facilities Loans Liquidating Account

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0242–0–1–502 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Obligations by program activity:
Credit program obligations:
0713 Payment of interest to Treasury 4 4 4



0900 Total new obligations (object class 43.0) 4 4 4

Budgetary Resources:
Budget authority:
Appropriations, mandatory:
1200 Appropriation 1 1 1



1260 Appropriations, mandatory (total) 1 1 1
Spending authority from offsetting collections, mandatory:
1800 Collected 27 26 26
1820 Capital transfer of spending authority from offsetting collections to general fund –18 –19 –19
1825 Spending authority from offsetting collections applied to repay debt –6 –4 –4



1850 Spending auth from offsetting collections, mand (total) 3 3 3
1900 Budget authority (total) 4 4 4
1930 Total budgetary resources available 4 4 4

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 1 1 1
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 4 4 4
3020 Outlays (gross) –4 –4 –4



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 1 1 1
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year 1 1 1
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 1 1 1

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Mandatory:
4090 Budget authority, gross 4 4 4
Outlays, gross:
4100 Outlays from new mandatory authority 4 4 4
Offsets against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (collected) from:
4123 Non-Federal sources –27 –26 –26
4180 Budget authority, net (total) –23 –22 –22
4190 Outlays, net (total) –23 –22 –22

Status of Direct Loans (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0242–0–1–502 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Cumulative balance of direct loans outstanding:
1210 Outstanding, start of year 136 132 128
1251 Repayments: Repayments and prepayments –4 –4 –4



1290 Outstanding, end of year 132 128 124

As required by the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990, the College Housing and Academic Facilities Loans Liquidating Account records all cash flows to and from the Government resulting from direct loans obligated prior to 1992. This account includes loans made under the College Housing and Academic Facilities Loans, College Housing Loans, and Higher Education Facilities Loans programs, which continue to be administered separately.

Balance Sheet (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0242–0–1–502 2012 actual 2013 actual

ASSETS:
1601 Direct loans, gross 136 132
1602 Interest receivable 6 6


1699 Value of assets related to direct loans 142 138


1999 Total assets 142 138
LIABILITIES:
Federal liabilities:
2103 Debt 46 42
2104 Resources payable to Treasury 96 96


2999 Total liabilities 142 138


4999 Total liabilities and net position 142 138

Historically Black College and University Capital Financing Direct Loan Financing Account

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–4255–0–3–502 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0004 Interest paid to Treasury (FFB) 27 27 27
Credit program obligations:
0710 Direct loan obligations 215 303 340
0742 Downward reestimate paid to receipt account 126
0743 Interest on downward reestimates 72 39



0791 Direct program activities, subtotal 413 342 340



0900 Total new obligations 440 369 367

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 414 243 256
Financing authority:
Appropriations, mandatory:
1200 Appropriation 5



1260 Appropriations, mandatory (total) 5
Borrowing authority, mandatory:
1400 Borrowing authority 215 303 341



1440 Borrowing authority, mandatory (total) 215 303 341
Spending authority from offsetting collections, mandatory:
1800 Collected 68 117 84
1825 Spending authority from offsetting collections applied to repay debt –19 –38 –41



1850 Spending auth from offsetting collections, mand (total) 49 79 43
1900 Financing authority (total) 269 382 384
1930 Total budgetary resources available 683 625 640
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 243 256 273

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 270 260 260
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 440 369 367
3020 Financing disbursements (gross) –450 –369 –222



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 260 260 405
Uncollected payments:
3060 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, brought forward, Oct 1 –22 –22 –22



3090 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, end of year –22 –22 –22
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year 248 238 238
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 238 238 383

Financing authority and disbursements, net:
Mandatory:
4090 Financing authority, gross 269 382 384
Financing disbursements:
4110 Financing disbursements, gross 450 369 222
Offsets against gross financing authority and disbursements:
Offsetting collections (collected) from:
4120 Federal sources –14 –43 –11
4122 Interest on uninvested funds –12 –17 –9
4123 Interest repayments –42 –19 –23
4123 Principal repayments –38 –41



4130 Offsets against gross financing auth and disbursements (total) –68 –117 –84



4160 Financing authority, net (mandatory) 201 265 300
4170 Financing disbursements, net (mandatory) 382 252 138
4180 Financing authority, net (total) 201 265 300
4190 Financing disbursements, net (total) 382 252 138

Status of Direct Loans (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–4255–0–3–502 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Position with respect to appropriations act limitation on obligations:
1111 Limitation on direct loans 368 303 340
1142 Unobligated direct loan limitation (-) –153



1150 Total direct loan obligations 215 303 340

Cumulative balance of direct loans outstanding:
1210 Outstanding, start of year 929 1,128 1,213
1231 Disbursements: Direct loan disbursements 215 123 191
1251 Repayments: Repayments and prepayments –16 –38 –41



1290 Outstanding, end of year 1,128 1,213 1,363

As required by the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990, this non-budgetary account records all cash flows to and from the Federal Government resulting from direct loans obligated in 1996 and beyond. The Federal Financing Bank (FFB) purchases bonds issued by the HBCU Designated Bonding Authority. Under the policies governing Federal credit programs, bonds purchased by the FFB and supported by the Department of Education with a letter of credit create the equivalent of a Federal direct loan. HBCU bonds are also available for purchase by the private sector, and these will be treated as loan guarantees. However, the Department anticipates that all HBCU loans will be financed by the FFB. The amounts in this account are a means of financing and are not included in the budget totals.

Balance Sheet (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–4255–0–3–502 2012 actual 2013 actual

ASSETS:
1101 Federal assets: Fund balances with Treasury 365 194
Net value of assets related to post-1991 direct loans receivable:
1401 Direct loans receivable, gross 929 1,128
1402 Interest receivable 6 8
1405 Allowance for subsidy cost (-) –365 –194


1499 Net present value of assets related to direct loans 570 942


1999 Total assets 935 1,136
LIABILITIES:
Federal liabilities:
2102 Interest payable 6 8
2103 Debt 929 1,128


2999 Total liabilities 935 1,136


4999 Total liabilities and net position 935 1,136

Office of Federal Student Aid

Federal Funds

Student Financial Assistance

For carrying out subparts 1, 3, and 10 of part A, and part C of title IV of the HEA, $24,486,210,000, which shall remain available through September 30, [2015] 2016: Provided, That, of amounts provided under this heading, $1,438,000,000 shall also be available for Pell Grants for award year 2016–2017.

The maximum Pell Grant for which a student shall be eligible during award year [2014–2015] 2015–2016 shall be $4,860. (Department of Education Appropriations Act, 2014.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0200–0–1–502 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0101 Federal Pell grants 31,887 34,154 33,906
0201 Federal supplemental educational opportunity grants (SEOG) 698 734 733
0202 Federal work-study 934 975 975



0291 Campus-based activities - Subtotal 1,632 1,709 1,708



0900 Total new obligations (object class 41.0) 33,519 35,863 35,614

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 8,464 11,894 6,684
1001 Discretionary unobligated balance brought fwd, Oct 1 52 4,308
1021 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations 109



1050 Unobligated balance (total) 8,573 11,894 6,684
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 24,535 24,486 24,486
1130 Appropriations permanently reduced –135



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 24,400 24,486 24,486
Appropriations, mandatory:
1200 Appropriation 12,441 6,167 6,396



1260 Appropriations, mandatory (total) 12,441 6,167 6,396
1900 Budget authority (total) 36,841 30,653 30,882
1930 Total budgetary resources available 45,414 42,547 37,566
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1940 Unobligated balance expiring –1
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 11,894 6,684 1,952

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 23,468 22,727 25,624
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 33,519 35,863 35,614
3011 Obligations incurred, expired accounts 85
3020 Outlays (gross) –34,037 –32,966 –34,248
3040 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, unexpired –109
3041 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, expired –199



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 22,727 25,624 26,990
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year 23,468 22,727 25,624
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 22,727 25,624 26,990

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 24,400 24,486 24,486
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 1,321 6,161 5,787
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 16,954 21,421 19,778



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 18,275 27,582 25,565
Mandatory:
4090 Budget authority, gross 12,441 6,167 6,396
Outlays, gross:
4100 Outlays from new mandatory authority 1,559 1,604 1,663
4101 Outlays from mandatory balances 14,203 3,780 7,020



4110 Outlays, gross (total) 15,762 5,384 8,683
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 36,841 30,653 30,882
4190 Outlays, net (total) 34,037 32,966 34,248

Summary of Budget Authority and Outlays (in millions of dollars)


2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Enacted/requested:
Budget Authority 36,841 30,653 30,882
Outlays 34,037 32,966 34,248
Legislative proposal, subject to PAYGO:
Budget Authority 1
Total:
Budget Authority 36,841 30,653 30,883
Outlays 34,037 32,966 34,248

Status of Direct Loans (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0200–0–1–502 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Cumulative balance of direct loans outstanding:
1210 Outstanding, start of year 303 317 311
1251 Repayments: Repayments and prepayments –37 –25 –24
Write-offs for default:
1263 Direct loans –1 –1
1264 Other adjustments, net (+ or -) 51 20 20



1290 Outstanding, end of year 317 311 306

Notes._Figures include, in all years, institutional matching share of defaulted notes assigned from institutions to the Education Department.
Funding from the Student Financial Assistance account and related matching funds would provide nearly 11.7 million awards totaling more than $37.0 billion in available aid in award year 2015–2016. In addition, the request would provide $4.1 billion in aid to an estimated 766,000 students through an expanded Perkins loan program.

Federal Pell grants._Pell Grants are the single largest source of grant aid for postsecondary education. Funding for this program is provided from two sources: discretionary appropriations and mandatory budget authority provided by the College Cost Reduction and Access Act, as amended; the Budget Control Act; and changes to the Higher Education Act of 1965 made in the 2012 appropriations act.
In 2015, nearly 8.9 million undergraduates will receive up to $4,860 from the discretionary award and an additional $970 from the mandatory add-on to help pay for postsecondary education. Undergraduate students establish eligibility for these grants under award and need determination rules set out in the authorizing statute and annual appropriations act. The 2015 Budget request includes $22.8 billion in discretionary funding for Pell Grants in 2015, which, when combined with previously provided mandatory funding, will support a projected maximum award of $5,830. Additionally, the Budget proposes to: strengthen academic progress requirements in the Pell Grant program to encourage students to complete their studies on time; and, reinstate the Ability to Benefit provision for students enrolled in eligible career pathways programs.

Federal supplemental educational opportunity grants (SEOG)._Federal funds are awarded by formula to qualifying institutions, which use these funds to award grants to undergraduate students. While institutions have discretion in awarding these funds, they are required to give priority to Pell Grant recipients and other students with exceptional need. The Federal share of these grants cannot exceed 75 percent of the total grant. The 2015 Budget includes $733 million for SEOG, which would generate $975 million in aid to 1.6 million students.

Federal work-study._Federal funds are awarded by formula to qualifying institutions, which provide part-time jobs to eligible undergraduate and graduate students. Hourly earnings under this program must be at least the Federal minimum wage. Federal funding, in most cases, pays 75 percent of a student's hourly wages, with the remaining 25 percent paid by the employer. The Federal Work-Study program also requires participating institutions to use at least 7 percent of their total funds for students employed in community service jobs. The 2015 Budget includes $975 million for Work-Study, which would generate $1.16 billion in aid to 690,000 students.

Federal Perkins loans._Institutions award low-interest loans from institutional revolving funds, which are comprised of Federal Capital Contributions, institutional matching funds, and student repayments on outstanding loans. No new Federal Capital Contributions have been appropriated since 2004. The Budget proposes to modernize and expand the Perkins Loan program so more colleges can participate and more students can access these loans. The proposal would increase, beginning on July 1, 2015, the annual loan amounts available to students to $8.5 billion from the current $1 billion. Rather than operating through institutional revolving funds, the Federal Government would originate and service Perkins Loans. Loan volume would be allocated among degree-granting institutions. This new formula will encourage colleges to control costs and offer need-based aid to prevent excessive indebtedness. Schools would have some discretion about student eligibility. Perkins Loan borrowers would be charged the same interest rate as Unsubsidized Stafford Loan borrowers. Perkins loans would accrue interest while students are in school, and other loan terms and conditions would be the same as current Unsubsidized Stafford loans. As current Perkins Loan borrowers repay their loans, schools would remit the Federal share of those payments to the Department of Education, beginning at the statutory date described in the Higher Education Act of 1965. Schools would retain their own share of the revolving funds, as well as amounts sufficient to cover the costs of the various Perkins Loan forgiveness provisions. Mandatory loan subsidy costs of this proposal would reduce 2015 outlays by $395 million, savings which would be redirected to the Pell Grant program to help maintain the maximum Pell award. Subsidy costs are displayed in the Federal Perkins Loan program account.

Iraq and Afghanistan service grants._This program provides non-need-based grants to students whose parent or guardian was a member of the Armed Forces and died in Iraq or Afghanistan as a result of performing military service after September 11, 2001. Service Grants are equal to the maximum Pell Grant for a given award year. The Administration anticipates spending $355,000 to support an estimated maximum of 1,000 awards in 2015.

Funding tables._The following tables display student aid funds available, the number of aid awards, average awards, and the unduplicated count of recipients from each Federal student aid program. Loan amounts reflect the amount actually loaned to borrowers, not the Federal cost of these loans. The data in these tables include matching funds wherever appropriate. The 2015 data in these tables reflect the Administration's legislative proposals.

AID FUNDS AVAILABLE FOR POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION AND TRAINING [in thousands of dollars]


2013 2014 2015

Pell grants $32,351,695 $32,958,445 $33,876,730
Student loans:
Direct student loans:
Stafford loans 27,398,000 26,225,832 25,984,387
Unsubsidized Stafford loans 55,873,473 54,662,785 55,775,687
PLUS 17,984,396 18,758,609 19,794,562
Consolidation 27,502,813 25,447,170 26,963,417
Perkins loans 1,010,640 1,010,640 1,010,640
Unsubsidized Perkins loans 0 0 4,113,423



Student loans, subtotal 129,769,321 126,105,035 133,642,116
Work-study 1,100,271 1,158,676 1,158,676
Supplemental educational opportunity grants 926,107 975,268 975,268
Iraq and Afghanistan service grants 273 341 418
TEACH grants 93,022 96,323 98,475



Total aid available 164,240,690 161,294,088 169,751,683

NUMBER OF AID AWARDS [in thousands]


2013 2014 2015

Pell grants 8,861 8,711 8,854
Direct student loans-Stafford loans 8,525 8,069 7,944
Direct student loans-Unsubsidized Stafford loans 10,408 9,861 9,824
Direct student loans-PLUS 1,307 1,310 1,318
Direct student loans-Consolidation 670 511 523
Perkins loans 500 500 500
Unsubsidized Perkins loans 0 0 766
Work-study 656 690 690
Supplemental educational opportunity grants 1,545 1,627 1,627
Iraq and Afghanistan service grants 01 01 01
TEACH grants 32 34 34



Total awards 32,504 31,313 32,081

1Number of recipients is fewer than 1,000.

AVERAGE AID AWARDS [in whole dollars]


2013 2014 2015

Pell grants $3,651 $3,784 $3,826
Direct student loans-Stafford loans 3,214 3,250 3,271
Direct student loans-Unsubsidized Stafford loans 5,368 5,543 5,677
Direct student loans-PLUS 13,757 14,320 15,022
Direct student loans-Consolidation 41,080 49,823 51,554
Perkins loans 2,022 2,022 2,022
Unsubsidized Perkins loans 0 0 5,368
Work-study 1,678 1,678 1,678
Supplemental educational opportunity grants 599 599 599
Iraq and Afghanistan service grants 5,056 5,328 5,726
TEACH grants 2,873 2,861 2,886

NUMBER OF STUDENTS AIDED [in thousands]


2013 2014 2015

Unduplicated student count 13,395 12,852 12,838

ADMINISTRATIVE PAYMENTS TO INSTITUTIONS [in thousands of dollars]


2013 2014 2015

Pell grants $44,305 $43,555 $44,270
Work-study 40,551 42,703 42,703
Supplemental educational opportunity grants 13,802 14,535 14,535
Perkins loans 52,383 52,383 52,383

Student Financial Assistance

(Legislative proposal, subject to PAYGO)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0200–4–1–502 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Federal Pell grants 1



0900 Total new obligations (object class 41.0) 1

Budgetary Resources:
Budget authority:
Appropriations, mandatory:
1200 Appropriation 1



1260 Appropriations, mandatory (total) 1
1930 Total budgetary resources available 1

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 1



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 1
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 1

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Mandatory:
4090 Budget authority, gross 1
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 1

Student Aid Administration

For Federal administrative expenses to carry out part D of title I, and subparts 1, 3, 9, and 10 of part A, and parts B, C, D, and E of title IV of the HEA, and subpart 1 of part A of title VII of the Public Health Service Act, [$1,166,000,000] $1,446,924,000, to remain available until September 30, [2015] 2016. (Department of Education Appropriations Act, 2014.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0202–0–1–502 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Student aid administration 988 890 675
0002 Discretionary servicing activities 383 503 772



0900 Total new obligations 1,371 1,393 1,447

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 72 56 57
1001 Discretionary unobligated balance brought fwd, Oct 1 72 56
1021 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations 21



1050 Unobligated balance (total) 93 56 57
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 1,044 1,166 1,447
1120 Appropriations transferred to other accts [91–1400] –1
1120 Appropriations transferred to other accts [91–0800] –8
1120 Appropriations transferred to other accts [91–0700] –1
1121 Appropriations transferred from other accts [75–0340] 1
1130 Appropriations permanently reduced –55



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 979 1,167 1,447
Appropriations, mandatory:
1200 Appropriation 373 258
1230 Appropriations and/or unobligated balance of appropriations permanently reduced –18 –31



1260 Appropriations, mandatory (total) 355 227
1900 Budget authority (total) 1,334 1,394 1,447
1930 Total budgetary resources available 1,427 1,450 1,504
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 56 57 57

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 575 604 788
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 1,371 1,393 1,447
3020 Outlays (gross) –1,312 –1,209 –1,360
3040 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, unexpired –21
3041 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, expired –9



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 604 788 875
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year 575 604 788
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 604 788 875

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 979 1,167 1,447
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 505 646 782
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 490 357 467



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 995 1,003 1,249
Mandatory:
4090 Budget authority, gross 355 227
Outlays, gross:
4100 Outlays from new mandatory authority 220 109
4101 Outlays from mandatory balances 97 97 111



4110 Outlays, gross (total) 317 206 111
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 1,334 1,394 1,447
4190 Outlays, net (total) 1,312 1,209 1,360

The Department of Education manages Federal student aid programs that will provide nearly $143 billion in new Federal student aid grants and loans to 12.8 million students and parents in 2015. The Offices of Postsecondary Education, the Under Secretary and Federal Student Aid (FSA) are primarily responsible for administering the Federal student financial assistance programs. FSA was created by Congress in 1998 with a mandate to improve service to students and other student aid program participants, reduce student aid administration costs, and improve accountability and program integrity.

Student Aid Administration

The 2015 Budget includes $675 million for student aid administration activities and $772 million for loan servicing activities, for a total of $1.447 billion in discretionary budget authority. Administrative functions supported by these discretionary funds include: processing student aid applications; providing and tracking aid awards to students, parents, and schools; servicing the Department's loan portfolio; promoting efforts to reach key student populations; and simplifying the student aid application.

Servicing Cost Assumptions:

The following table details the major assumptions driving servicing costs for Federal student loans. Servicing costs are largely determined by volume (average borrower accounts per month) and the average contractual unit costs negotiated to service the volume. Average borrower accounts per month are calculated by the distribution of new unique borrower accounts to one of the multiple servicers contracted with the Department. Currently, the Department contracts with 11 servicers, through the Title IV Additional Servicers (TIVAS) contract and the new Not-For-Profit Servicers (NFP) contract. The average unit cost to service each borrower is derived by contractual pricing schedules based on different borrower statuses (e.g., in-school, in-grace/current repayment, deferment/forbearance, and delinquency). Differences in distribution among loan statuses will affect overall unit costs due to different pricing for different statuses (e.g., in-repayment borrowers cost more to service than in-school borrowers).

Trends in Assumptions:

From passage of SAFRA through December 26, 2013, servicing activities were funded both by discretionary funds and mandatory funds (as provided by SAFRA for eligible NFP servicers. However, the Bipartisan Budget Act of 2013 eliminated mandatory funding for servicing costs paid to NFP servicers, instead requiring all servicing costs after the date of enactment to be funded by discretionary budget authority.)

Student Aid Administration Servicing Variables


2013 2014 2015

TIVAS Servicers Average Borrower Accounts per Month 28,499,657 31,185,537 34,397,002
TIVAS Servicers Average Unit Cost per Month (whole dollars) $1.66 $1.67 $1.67
Not-For-Profit Servicers Average Borrower Accounts per Month 3,229,467 3,027,353 2,901,798
Not-For-Profit Servicers Average Unit Cost per Month (whole dollars) $2.24 $2.22 $2.00

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0202–0–1–502 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation:
11.1 Full-time permanent 134 139 140
11.3 Other than full-time permanent 1
11.5 Other personnel compensation 2 2 2



11.9 Total personnel compensation 137 141 142
12.1 Civilian personnel benefits 39 39 39
21.0 Travel and transportation of persons 2 3 3
23.1 Rental payments to GSA 19 19 19
24.0 Printing and reproduction 1 2 2
25.1 Advisory and assistance services 6 5 5
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 762 806 838
25.3 Other goods and services from Federal sources 19 16 21
25.7 Operation and maintenance of equipment 384 361 378
31.0 Equipment 2



99.0 Direct obligations 1,371 1,392 1,447
99.5 Below reporting threshold 1



99.9 Total new obligations 1,371 1,393 1,447

Employment Summary


Identification code 91–0202–0–1–502 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

1001 Direct civilian full-time equivalent employment 1,296 1,320 1,320

Academic Competitiveness/SMART Grant Program

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0205–0–1–502 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 2
3041 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, expired –2
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year 2

The Academic Competitiveness Grant and Science and Mathematics Access to Retain Talent Grant programs expired July 1, 2011. This account reflects the final transactions of grants provided in prior years.

TEACH Grant Program Account

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0206–0–1–502 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Obligations by program activity:
Credit program obligations:
0701 Direct loan subsidy 13 15 18
0705 Reestimates of direct loan subsidy 1 4
0706 Interest on reestimates of direct loan subsidy 1



0900 Total new obligations (object class 41.0) 15 19 18

Budgetary Resources:
Budget authority:
Appropriations, mandatory:
1200 Appropriation (indefinite) - Loan subsidy 14 15 18
1200 Appropriation (indefinite) - Upward reestimate 2 4
1230 Appropriations and/or unobligated balance of appropriations permanently reduced –1



1260 Appropriations, mandatory (total) 15 19 18
1930 Total budgetary resources available 15 19 18

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 5 4 3
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 15 19 18
3020 Outlays (gross) –15 –16 –15
3041 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, expired –1 –4



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 4 3 6
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year 5 4 3
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 4 3 6

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Mandatory:
4090 Budget authority, gross 15 19 18
Outlays, gross:
4100 Outlays from new mandatory authority 11 13 11
4101 Outlays from mandatory balances 4 3 4



4110 Outlays, gross (total) 15 16 15
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 15 19 18
4190 Outlays, net (total) 15 16 15

Summary of Loan Levels, Subsidy Budget Authority and Outlays by Program (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0206–0–1–502 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Direct loan levels supportable by subsidy budget authority:
115001 TEACH Grants 119 106 108



115999 Total direct loan levels 119 106 108
Direct loan subsidy (in percent):
132001 TEACH Grants 11.01 13.75 16.53



132999 Weighted average subsidy rate 11.01 13.75 16.53
Direct loan subsidy budget authority:
133001 TEACH Grants 13 15 18



133999 Total subsidy budget authority 13 15 18
Direct loan subsidy outlays:
134001 TEACH Grants 13 12 15



134999 Total subsidy outlays 13 12 15
Direct loan upward reestimates:
135001 TEACH Grants 2 4



135999 Total upward reestimate budget authority 2 4
Direct loan downward reestimates:
137001 TEACH Grants –17 –13



137999 Total downward reestimate budget authority –17 –13

The TEACH Grant program, authorized by the College Cost Reduction and Access Act of 2007, awards annual grants of up to $4,000 to full- or part-time undergraduate and graduate students who agree to teach mathematics, science, foreign languages, bilingual education, special education, or reading at a high-poverty school for not less than four years within eight years of graduation. The program began awarding grants in the 2008–2009 award year. Students must have a grade point average of 3.25 or higher to be eligible to receive a grant. Students who fail to fulfill the service requirements must repay the grants, including interest accrued from the time of award.

Because TEACH Grants turn into loans in cases where the service requirements are not fulfilled, for budget and accounting purposes the program is operated consistent with the requirements of the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990. This program account records subsidy costs reflecting the net present value of the estimated lifetime Federal program costs for grants awarded in a given fiscal year. Under this approach the subsidy cost reflects the cost of grant awards net of expected future repayments for grants that are converted to loans.

TEACH Grant Financing Account

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–4290–0–3–502 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Obligations by program activity:
Credit program obligations:
0710 Direct loan obligations 119 106 108
0713 Payment of interest to Treasury 16 23 28
0742 Downward reestimate paid to receipt account 16 13
0743 Interest on downward reestimates 1 1



0900 Total new obligations 152 143 136

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 1
1021 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations 20 10 10
1023 Unobligated balances applied to repay debt –10
1024 Unobligated balance of borrowing authority withdrawn –10 –10 –10



1050 Unobligated balance (total) 1
Financing authority:
Borrowing authority, mandatory:
1400 Borrowing authority 128 117 121



1440 Borrowing authority, mandatory (total) 128 117 121
Spending authority from offsetting collections, mandatory:
1800 Collected 30 31 35
1801 Change in uncollected payments, Federal sources –1 4 5
1825 Spending authority from offsetting collections applied to repay debt –4 –10 –25



1850 Spending auth from offsetting collections, mand (total) 25 25 15
1900 Financing authority (total) 153 142 136
1930 Total budgetary resources available 153 143 136
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 1

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 82 74 56
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 152 143 136
3020 Financing disbursements (gross) –140 –151 –167
3040 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, unexpired –20 –10 –10



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 74 56 15
Uncollected payments:
3060 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, brought forward, Oct 1 –4 –3 –7
3070 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired 1 –4 –5



3090 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, end of year –3 –7 –12
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year 78 71 49
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 71 49 3

Financing authority and disbursements, net:
Mandatory:
4090 Financing authority, gross 153 142 136
Financing disbursements:
4110 Financing disbursements, gross 140 151 167
Offsets against gross financing authority and disbursements:
Offsetting collections (collected) from:
4120 Upward Reestimate –15 –4
4120 Subsidy from Program Account –12 –15
4122 Interest on uninvested funds –2
4123 Payment of Principal –13 –9 –13
4123 Interest Received –6 –7



4130 Offsets against gross financing auth and disbursements (total) –30 –31 –35
Additional offsets against financing authority only (total):
4140 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired 1 –4 –5



4160 Financing authority, net (mandatory) 124 107 96
4170 Financing disbursements, net (mandatory) 110 120 132
4180 Financing authority, net (total) 124 107 96
4190 Financing disbursements, net (total) 110 120 132

Status of Direct Loans (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–4290–0–3–502 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Position with respect to appropriations act limitation on obligations:
1131 Direct loan obligations exempt from limitation 119 106 108



1150 Total direct loan obligations 119 106 108

Cumulative balance of direct loans outstanding:
1210 Outstanding, start of year 396 501 589
1231 Disbursements: Direct loan disbursements 114 97 98
1251 Repayments: Repayments and prepayments –9 –9 –13



1290 Outstanding, end of year 501 589 674

As required by the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990, this non-budgetary account records all cash flows to and from the Government resulting from the TEACH Grant program. Amounts in this account are a means of financing and are not included in the budget totals.

Balance Sheet (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–4290–0–3–502 2012 actual 2013 actual

ASSETS:
1101 Federal assets: Fund balances with Treasury 27 32
Net value of assets related to post-1991 direct loans receivable:
1401 Direct loans receivable, gross 396 501
1402 Interest receivable 41 58
1405 Allowance for subsidy cost (-) –93 –106


1499 Net present value of assets related to direct loans 344 453


1999 Total assets 371 485
LIABILITIES:
Federal liabilities:
2101 Accounts payable 1 1
2103 Debt 370 484


2999 Total liabilities 371 485


4999 Total liabilities and net position 371 485

Student Financial Assistance Debt Collection

Special and Trust Fund Receipts (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–5557–0–2–502 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

0100 Balance, start of year 1 2
Receipts:
0220 Student Financial Assistance Debt Collection 13 13 13



0400 Total: Balances and collections 13 14 15
Appropriations:
0500 Student Financial Assistance Debt Collection –13 –13 –13
0501 Student Financial Assistance Debt Collection 1 1



0599 Total appropriations –12 –12 –13



0799 Balance, end of year 1 2 2

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–5557–0–2–502 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Student Financial Assistance Debt Collection 5 5 5



0900 Total new obligations (object class 25.2) 5 5 5

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 12 14 15
1022 Capital transfer of unobligated balances to general fund –5 –6 –6



1050 Unobligated balance (total) 7 8 9
Budget authority:
Appropriations, mandatory:
1201 Appropriation (special or trust fund) 13 13 13
1232 Appropriations and/or unobligated balance of appropriations temporarily reduced –1 –1



1260 Appropriations, mandatory (total) 12 12 13
1930 Total budgetary resources available 19 20 22
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 14 15 17

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 2 3 3
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 5 5 5
3020 Outlays (gross) –4 –5 –5



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 3 3 3
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year 2 3 3
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 3 3 3

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Mandatory:
4090 Budget authority, gross 12 12 13
Outlays, gross:
4101 Outlays from mandatory balances 4 5 5
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 12 12 13
4190 Outlays, net (total) 4 5 5

Federal Student Loan Reserve Fund

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–4257–0–3–502 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0102 Obligations, non-Federal 14,369 9,894 7,194



0900 Total new obligations (object class 42.0) 14,369 9,894 7,194

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 1,307 1,483 1,502
Budget authority:
Spending authority from offsetting collections, mandatory:
1800 Collected 14,545 9,913 7,250



1850 Spending auth from offsetting collections, mand (total) 14,545 9,913 7,250
1930 Total budgetary resources available 15,852 11,396 8,752
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 1,483 1,502 1,558

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 14,369 9,894 7,194
3020 Outlays (gross) –14,369 –9,894 –7,194

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Mandatory:
4090 Budget authority, gross 14,545 9,913 7,250
Outlays, gross:
4100 Outlays from new mandatory authority 14,090 9,693 7,041
4101 Outlays from mandatory balances 279 201 153



4110 Outlays, gross (total) 14,369 9,894 7,194
Offsets against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (collected) from:
4120 Federal sources –14,090 –9,693 –7,041
4123 Non-Federal sources –455 –220 –209



4130 Offsets against gross budget authority and outlays (total) –14,545 –9,913 –7,250
4170 Outlays, net (mandatory) –176 –19 –56
4190 Outlays, net (total) –176 –19 –56

The Higher Education Amendments of 1998 clarified that reserve funds held by public and non-profit guaranty agencies participating in the Federal Family Education Loan (FFEL) program are Federal property. These reserves are used to pay default claims from FFEL lenders and fees to support agency efforts to avert defaults. The Federal Government reimburses these reserves for default claim payments. The following schedule reflects the balances in these guaranty agency funds.

Balance Sheet (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–4257–0–3–502 2012 actual 2013 actual

ASSETS:
1101 Federal assets: Fund balances with Treasury 1,307 1,482


1999 Total assets 1,307 1,482
NET POSITION:
3300 Cumulative results of operations 1,307 1,482


4999 Total liabilities and net position 1,307 1,482

Federal Direct Student Loan Program Account

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0243–0–1–502 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Obligations by program activity:
Credit program obligations:
0705 Reestimates of direct loan subsidy 2,377 14,693
0706 Interest on reestimates of direct loan subsidy 897 1,561
0709 Administrative expenses 3



0900 Total new obligations 3,277 16,254

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 3
Budget authority:
Appropriations, mandatory:
1200 Appropriation (indefinite) - Upward reestimate 3,274 16,254



1260 Appropriations, mandatory (total) 3,274 16,254
1900 Budget authority (total) 3,274 16,254
1930 Total budgetary resources available 3,277 16,254

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 6 6 1
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 3,277 16,254
3020 Outlays (gross) –3,277 –16,259 –1



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 6 1
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year 6 6 1
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 6 1

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Mandatory:
4090 Budget authority, gross 3,274 16,254
Outlays, gross:
4100 Outlays from new mandatory authority 3,274 16,254
4101 Outlays from mandatory balances 3 5 1



4110 Outlays, gross (total) 3,277 16,259 1
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 3,274 16,254
4190 Outlays, net (total) 3,277 16,259 1

Summary of Budget Authority and Outlays (in millions of dollars)


2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Enacted/requested:
Budget Authority 3,274 16,254
Outlays 3,277 16,259 1
Legislative proposal, subject to PAYGO:
Budget Authority 7,243
Outlays 7,243
Total:
Budget Authority 3,274 16,254 7,243
Outlays 3,277 16,259 7,244

Summary of Loan Levels, Subsidy Budget Authority and Outlays by Program (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 91–0243–0–1–502 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Direct loan levels supportable by subsidy budget authority:
115001 Stafford 32,353 29,602 29,315
115002 Unsubsidized Stafford 67,400 62,182 63,387
115003 PLUS 23,235 19,897 20,989
115004 Consolidation 28,653 25,677 27,204



115999 Total direct loan levels 151,641 137,358 140,895
Direct loan subsidy (in percent):
132001 Stafford 0.37 –0.44 5.32
132002 Unsubsidized Stafford –25.88 –21.07 –17.45
132003 PLUS –37.79 –37.04