NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION

Federal Funds

Research and Related Activities

For necessary expenses in carrying out the National Science Foundation Act of 1950 (42 U.S.C. 1861 et seq.), and Public Law 86–209 (42 U.S.C. 1880 et seq.); services as authorized by section 3109 of title 5, United States Code; maintenance and operation of aircraft and purchase of flight services for research support; acquisition of aircraft; and authorized travel; [$5,808,918,000] $5,807,460,000, to remain available until September 30, [2015] 2016, of which not to exceed $520,000,000 shall remain available until expended for polar research and operations support, and for reimbursement to other Federal agencies for operational and science support and logistical and other related activities for the United States Antarctic program: Provided, That receipts for scientific support services and materials furnished by the National Research Centers and other National Science Foundation supported research facilities may be credited to this appropriation[: Provided further, That not less than $158,190,000 shall be available for activities authorized by section 7002(c)(2)(A)(iv) of Public Law 110–69]. (Science Appropriations Act, 2014.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 49–0100–0–1–999 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Biological Sciences 679 721 709
0002 Computer and Information Science and Engineering 858 894 893
0003 Engineering 820 859 858
0005 Geosciences 1,250 1,303 1,304
0006 Mathematical and Physical Sciences 1,274 1,300 1,296
0007 Social, Behavioral and Economic Sciences 243 257 272
0008 International and Integrative Activities 434 482 474
0013 Arctic Research Commission 1 1 1



0799 Total direct obligations 5,559 5,817 5,807
0801 Reimbursable programs 107 122 120



0900 Total new obligations 5,666 5,939 5,927

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 18 10
1021 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations 14



1050 Unobligated balance (total) 32 10
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 5,983 5,809 5,807
1120 Appropriations transferred to other accts [49–0551] –12
1120 Appropriations transferred to other accts [49–0180] –13
1130 Appropriations permanently reduced - ATB Sec 3001(b)(1)(B) –112
1130 Appropriations permanently reduced ATB Sec 3004(c)(1) –12
1130 Appropriations permanently reduced - Sequester –290



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 5,544 5,809 5,807
Spending authority from offsetting collections, discretionary:
1700 Collected 61 120 120
1701 Change in uncollected payments, Federal sources 43



1750 Spending auth from offsetting collections, disc (total) 104 120 120
1900 Budget authority (total) 5,648 5,929 5,927
1930 Total budgetary resources available 5,680 5,939 5,927
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1940 Unobligated balance expiring –4
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 10

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 9,508 9,058 9,223
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 5,666 5,939 5,927
3011 Obligations incurred, expired accounts 51
3020 Outlays (gross) –6,047 –5,774 –6,473
3040 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, unexpired –14
3041 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, expired –106



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 9,058 9,223 8,677
Uncollected payments:
3060 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, brought forward, Oct 1 –126 –138 –138
3070 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired –43
3071 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, expired 31



3090 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, end of year –138 –138 –138
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year 9,382 8,920 9,085
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 8,920 9,085 8,539

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 5,648 5,929 5,927
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 827 1,282 1,282
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 5,220 4,492 5,191



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 6,047 5,774 6,473
Offsets against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (collected) from:
4030 Federal sources –92 –120 –120
Additional offsets against gross budget authority only:
4050 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired –43
4052 Offsetting collections credited to expired accounts 31



4060 Additional offsets against budget authority only (total) –12



4070 Budget authority, net (discretionary) 5,544 5,809 5,807
4080 Outlays, net (discretionary) 5,955 5,654 6,353
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 5,544 5,809 5,807
4190 Outlays, net (total) 5,955 5,654 6,353

The Research and Related Activities appropriation enables the United States to provide leadership and promote progress across the expanding frontiers of scientific and engineering research and education.

The major research program activities of NSF are:

Biological Sciences._This activity supports understanding how complex living systems function and interact with each other and with non-living systems, which has direct impact on issues of national importance related to the environment, economy, agriculture, and human welfare. Research in this activity also promotes scientific progress in biology through support of research across scales, from molecules, cells, organisms, to ecosystems. This activity's investment portfolio includes projects on understanding the changing dynamics of the biosphere, research on the fundamental characteristics of biological energy systems, and efforts to broaden participation and develop the next generation of biological researchers.

Computer and Information Science and Engineering._This activity supports investigator initiated research in all areas of computer and information science and engineering, helps develop and maintain cutting-edge national computational and information infrastructure for research and education generally, and contributes to the education and training of the next generation of computer and computational engineers.

Engineering._Research supported by this activity aims to increase U.S. engineering capability and strength, and focus that capability and strength on areas that are relevant to national problems and long-term needs. This activity also includes small business innovation research.

Geosciences._This activity supports research and associated infrastructure to advance knowledge of the properties and dynamics of the planet on which we live. Research includes understanding the causes and implications of climate change, as well as disruptive processes such as earthquakes and storms. Additionally, this activity supports Arctic and Antarctic research and operational science support and other related activities for United States polar research programs, including the funding to reimburse Federal agencies for logistical and other related activities supported by the United States Antarctic Program.

Mathematical and Physical Sciences._Research in this activity is directed at increasing understanding of natural laws and phenomena across the astronomical sciences, chemistry, materials sciences, mathematical sciences, and physics. Research support is available in multiple modalities ranging from multi-user facilities and mid-scale instrumentation to individual investigator awards, from sites for undergraduate research experiences to early career faculty development and collaborative and international efforts.

Social, Behavioral, and Economic Sciences._This activity supports research, education, and infrastructure in the social, behavioral, cognitive, and economic sciences and funds the collection and dissemination of statistics on the science and engineering enterprise.

Office of International and Integrative Activities._This activity supports emerging cross disciplinary research efforts; major research instrumentation; and promotes an integrated strategy for international science and engineering that complements and enhances NSF's broader research and education goals and facilitates international collaboration. This activity also provides support for the Science and Technology Policy Institute. The Experimental Program to Stimulate Competitive Research broadens participation of States and regions in science and engineering by helping institutions expand their research capacity and competitiveness.
The United States Arctic Research Commission promotes Arctic research and recommends national Arctic research policies to guide Federal agencies in developing and implementing their research programs in the Arctic region.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 49–0100–0–1–999 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Direct obligations:
21.0 Travel and transportation of persons 13 18 18
25.1 Advisory and assistance services 100 95 95
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 7 7 7
25.3 Other goods and services from Federal sources 24 38 38
25.4 Operation and maintenance of facilities 336 338 338
25.5 Research and development contracts 5 6 6
26.0 Supplies and materials 1 2 2
31.0 Equipment 1 1 1
41.0 Grants, subsidies, and contributions 5,072 5,312 5,302



99.0 Direct obligations 5,559 5,817 5,807
99.0 Reimbursable obligations 107 122 120



99.9 Total new obligations 5,666 5,939 5,927

Employment Summary


Identification code 49–0100–0–1–999 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

1001 Direct civilian full-time equivalent employment 3 4 4

Major Research Equipment and Facilities Construction

For necessary expenses for the acquisition, construction, commissioning, and upgrading of major research equipment, facilities, and other such capital assets pursuant to the National Science Foundation Act of 1950 (42 U.S.C. 1861 et seq.), including authorized travel, [$200,000,000] $200,760,000, to remain available until expended. (Science Appropriations Act, 2014.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 49–0551–0–1–251 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Major Research Equipment and Facilities Construction 196 201 201

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 1 1
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 196 200 201
1121 Appropriations transferred from other accts [49–0100] 12
1130 Appropriations permanently reduced [ATB Section 3001(b)(1)(B)] –3
1130 Appropriations permanently reduced [ATB Section (3004)(c)(1)] –1
1130 Appropriations permanently reduced [Sequester] –8



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 196 200 201
1930 Total budgetary resources available 197 201 201
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 1

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 415 366 368
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 196 201 201
3020 Outlays (gross) –245 –199 –289



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 366 368 280
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year 415 366 368
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 366 368 280

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 196 200 201
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 12 12
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 245 187 277



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 245 199 289
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 196 200 201
4190 Outlays, net (total) 245 199 289

The Major Research Equipment and Facilities Construction activity supports the acquisition, construction, and commissioning of unique national research platforms and major research facilities and equipment. Performance of each construction project is measured against an established baseline at regular intervals and at major milestones.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 49–0551–0–1–251 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Direct obligations:
25.7 Operation and maintenance of equipment 4 4 4
41.0 Grants, subsidies, and contributions 192 197 197



99.9 Total new obligations 196 201 201

Agency Operations and Award Management

For agency operations and award management necessary in carrying out the National Science Foundation Act of 1950 (42 U.S.C. 1861 et seq.); services authorized by section 3109 of title 5, United States Code; hire of passenger motor vehicles; uniforms or allowances therefor, as authorized by sections 5901 and 5902 of title 5, United States Code; rental of conference rooms in the District of Columbia; and reimbursement of the Department of Homeland Security for security guard services; [$298,000,000] $338,230,000: Provided, That not to exceed $8,280 is for official reception and representation expenses: Provided further, That contracts may be entered into under this heading in fiscal year [2014] 2015 for maintenance and operation of facilities and for other services to be provided during the next fiscal year. (Science Appropriations Act, 2014.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 49–0180–0–1–251 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Agency Operations and Award Management 293 298 338
0801 Reimbursable programs 7 10 10



0900 Total new obligations 300 308 348

Budgetary Resources:
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 299 298 338
1121 Appropriations transferred from other accts [49–0100] 13
1121 Appropriations transferred from other accts [49–0106] 2
1130 Appropriations permanently reduced [ATB Recission 3001(b)(1)(B)] –5
1130 Appropriations permanently reduced [ATB Recission (3004)(c)(1)] –1
1130 Appropriations permanently reduced [Sequester] –15



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 293 298 338
Spending authority from offsetting collections, discretionary:
1700 Collected 3 10 10
1701 Change in uncollected payments, Federal sources 4



1750 Spending auth from offsetting collections, disc (total) 7 10 10
1900 Budget authority (total) 300 308 348
1930 Total budgetary resources available 300 308 348

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 73 72 76
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 300 308 348
3020 Outlays (gross) –298 –304 –360
3041 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, expired –3



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 72 76 64
Uncollected payments:
3060 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, brought forward, Oct 1 –4 –4
3070 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired –4



3090 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, end of year –4 –4 –4
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year 73 68 72
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 68 72 60

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 300 308 348
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 241 255 287
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 57 49 73



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 298 304 360
Offsets against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (collected) from:
4030 Federal sources –3 –10 –10
Additional offsets against gross budget authority only:
4050 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired –4



4070 Budget authority, net (discretionary) 293 298 338
4080 Outlays, net (discretionary) 295 294 350
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 293 298 338
4190 Outlays, net (total) 295 294 350

This account funds NSF's scientific, professional, and administrative workforce, the physical and technological infrastructure necessary for a productive, safe and secure work environment, and the essential business operations critical to NSF's administrative processes.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 49–0180–0–1–251 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation:
11.1 Full-time permanent 145 146 150
11.3 Other than full-time permanent 12 14 14
11.5 Other personnel compensation 1 2 2
11.8 Special personal services payments 1 1



11.9 Total personnel compensation 158 163 167
12.1 Civilian personnel benefits 42 44 47
21.0 Travel and transportation of persons 4 5 5
23.1 Rental payments 26 31 35
23.3 Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous charges 4 3 3
25.1 Advisory and assistance services 33 25 31
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 16 12 14
25.3 Other goods and services from Federal sources 6 4 5
26.0 Supplies and materials 3 3 3
31.0 Equipment 1 8 28



99.0 Direct obligations 293 298 338
99.0 Reimbursable obligations 7 10 10



99.9 Total new obligations 300 308 348

Employment Summary


Identification code 49–0180–0–1–251 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

1001 Direct civilian full-time equivalent employment 1,319 1,329 1,352

Office of the National Science Board

For necessary expenses (including payment of salaries, authorized travel, hire of passenger motor vehicles, the rental of conference rooms in the District of Columbia, and the employment of experts and consultants under section 3109 of title 5, United States Code) involved in carrying out section 4 of the National Science Foundation Act of 1950 (42 U.S.C. 1863) and Public Law 86–209 (42 U.S.C. 1880 et seq.), [$4,300,000] $4,370,000: Provided, That not to exceed $2,500 shall be available for official reception and representation expenses. (Science Appropriations Act, 2014.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 49–0350–0–1–251 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Direct program activity 4 4 4

Budgetary Resources:
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 4 4 4



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 4 4 4
1930 Total budgetary resources available 4 4 4

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 2 2 2
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 4 4 4
3020 Outlays (gross) –4 –4 –4



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 2 2 2
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year 2 2 2
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 2 2 2

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 4 4 4
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 3 3 3
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 1 1 1



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 4 4 4
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 4 4 4
4190 Outlays, net (total) 4 4 4

This appropriation provides policy-making and related responsibilities for NSF and provides guidance on significant national policy issues in science and engineering research and education, as required by law.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 49–0350–0–1–251 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Direct obligations:
11.1 Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent 2 2 2
12.1 Civilian personnel benefits 1 1 1
25.1 Advisory and assistance services 1 1 1



99.9 Total new obligations 4 4 4

Employment Summary


Identification code 49–0350–0–1–251 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

1001 Direct civilian full-time equivalent employment 18 19 19

Office of Inspector General

For necessary expenses of the Office of Inspector General as authorized by the Inspector General Act of 1978, [$14,200,000] $14,430,000, of which $400,000 shall remain available until September 30, [2015] 2016. (Science Appropriations Act, 2014.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 49–0300–0–1–251 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Direct program activity 14 14 14

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 1
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 14 14 14
1130 Appropriations permanently reduced –1



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 13 14 14
1930 Total budgetary resources available 14 14 14

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 2 2 3
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 14 14 14
3020 Outlays (gross) –14 –13 –13



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 2 3 4
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year 2 2 3
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 2 3 4

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 13 14 14
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 12 11 11
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 2 2 2



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 14 13 13
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 13 14 14
4190 Outlays, net (total) 14 13 13

This appropriation provides agency-wide audit and investigative functions to identify and correct management and administrative deficiencies which create conditions for existing or potential instances of fraud, waste, and mismanagement consistent with the Inspector General Act of 1978, as amended (5 U.S.C. App. 3).

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 49–0300–0–1–251 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Direct obligations:
11.1 Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent 9 9 9
12.1 Civilian personnel benefits 2 2 2
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 3 3
25.3 Other goods and services from Federal sources 3



99.9 Total new obligations 14 14 14

Employment Summary


Identification code 49–0300–0–1–251 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

1001 Direct civilian full-time equivalent employment 77 71 73

Education and Human Resources

For necessary expenses in carrying out science, mathematics and engineering education and human resources programs and activities pursuant to the National Science Foundation Act of 1950 (42 U.S.C. 1861 et seq.), including services as authorized by section 3109 of title 5, United States Code, authorized travel, and rental of conference rooms in the District of Columbia, [$846,500,000] $889,750,000, to remain available until September 30, [2015: Provided, That not less than $60,890,000 shall be available until expended for activities authorized by section 7030 of Public Law 110–69] 2016. (Science Appropriations Act, 2014.)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 49–0106–0–1–251 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Education and Human Resources 835 847 890



0100 Total Disc obligations 835 847 890
0302 Low income scholarship program 84 155 75
0303 ITEST grants for Mathematics, Science, or Engineering enrichment courses 31 55 25



0391 Total Mandatory Obligations 115 210 100



0799 Total direct obligations 950 1,057 990
0801 Reimbursable programs 5 15 15



0900 Total new obligations 955 1,072 1,005

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 104 105
1001 Discretionary unobligated balance brought fwd, Oct 1 5 2
1021 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations 7



1050 Unobligated balance (total) 111 105
Budget authority:
Appropriations, discretionary:
1100 Appropriation 896 847 890
1120 Appropriations transferred to other accts [49–0180] –2
1130 Appropriations permanently reduced [ATB Section (3001)(b)(1)(B)] –16
1130 Appropriations permanently reduced [ATB Section (3004)(c)(1)] –2
1130 Appropriations permanently reduced [Sequester] –42



1160 Appropriation, discretionary (total) 834 847 890
Appropriations, mandatory:
1201 Appropriation (special or trust fund) 121 100 100
1203 Appropriation (previously unavailable) 5
1232 Appropriations and/or unobligated balance of appropriations temporarily reduced –5



1260 Appropriations, mandatory (total) 116 105 100
Spending authority from offsetting collections, discretionary:
1700 Collected 2 15 15
1701 Change in uncollected payments, Federal sources –2



1750 Spending auth from offsetting collections, disc (total) 15 15
1900 Budget authority (total) 950 967 1,005
1930 Total budgetary resources available 1,061 1,072 1,005
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1940 Unobligated balance expiring –1
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 105

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 1,895 1,937 2,119
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 955 1,072 1,005
3020 Outlays (gross) –885 –890 –1,118
3040 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, unexpired –7
3041 Recoveries of prior year unpaid obligations, expired –21



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 1,937 2,119 2,006
Uncollected payments:
3060 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, brought forward, Oct 1 –11 –5 –5
3070 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired 2
3071 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, expired 4



3090 Uncollected pymts, Fed sources, end of year –5 –5 –5
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year 1,884 1,932 2,114
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 1,932 2,114 2,001

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Discretionary:
4000 Budget authority, gross 834 862 905
Outlays, gross:
4010 Outlays from new discretionary authority 92 133 140
4011 Outlays from discretionary balances 699 653 850



4020 Outlays, gross (total) 791 786 990
Offsets against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (collected) from:
4030 Federal sources –6 –15 –15
Additional offsets against gross budget authority only:
4050 Change in uncollected pymts, Fed sources, unexpired 2
4052 Offsetting collections credited to expired accounts 4



4060 Additional offsets against budget authority only (total) 6



4070 Budget authority, net (discretionary) 834 847 890
4080 Outlays, net (discretionary) 785 771 975
Mandatory:
4090 Budget authority, gross 116 105 100
Outlays, gross:
4100 Outlays from new mandatory authority 12 11
4101 Outlays from mandatory balances 94 92 117



4110 Outlays, gross (total) 94 104 128
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 950 952 990
4190 Outlays, net (total) 879 875 1,103

The Education and Human Resources (EHR) appropriation funds and manages a comprehensive set of programs that further NSF's goals of ensuring a diverse, globally competitive U.S. science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) workforce, as well as a scientifically literate population. To advance those goals, EHR collaborates with other NSF research units, federal agencies, and promotes public-private partnerships. EHR supports research on STEM teaching and learning to provide the evidence base for improvements in education at all levels in the STEM disciplines. Supporting development and effective implementation of new learning technologies is also a priority. EHRs pre-K-12 education-research programs, for example, develop and test new instruction materials for students and teachers, which incorporate the latest advances in teaching, learning, and education technologies. STEM teacher-education opportunities occur throughout the full continuum, from pre-service and in-service, through life-long learning. Research programs at the undergraduate level improve curricula, strengthen laboratory courses, enhance faculty effectiveness and lead education reforms in STEM disciplines. Advanced technological education programs strengthen student preparation for the high-technology workforce. Support of graduate-level STEM education primarily includes fellowships and traineeships to sustain U.S. leadership in global science and technology. All EHR programs aim to broaden participation of groups underrepresented in STEM fields by, for example, improving infrastructure and academic programs at minority-serving institutions. STEM-education evaluation activities ensure accountability by developing indicators that measure program impact and informing the education community of best practices and other relevant findings. EHR activities also include programs supported by H-1B non-immigrant visa fees, which provide undergraduate and graduate scholarships in STEM disciplines, improve educational opportunities for students, and provide research opportunities for STEM teachers and students.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 49–0106–0–1–251 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Direct obligations:
21.0 Travel and transportation of persons 2 4 4
25.1 Advisory and assistance services 23 23 23
25.2 Other services from non-Federal sources 2 2 2
25.3 Other goods and services from Federal sources 1 1 1
41.0 Grants, subsidies, and contributions 922 1,027 960



99.0 Direct obligations 950 1,057 990
99.0 Reimbursable obligations 5 15 15



99.9 Total new obligations 955 1,072 1,005

Trust Funds

Donations

Special and Trust Fund Receipts (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 49–8960–0–7–251 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

0100 Balance, start of year
Receipts:
0220 Donations, National Science Foundation 40 45 45



0400 Total: Balances and collections 40 45 45
Appropriations:
0500 Donations –40 –45 –45



0799 Balance, end of year

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 49–8960–0–7–251 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Obligations by program activity:
0001 Atacama Large Millimeter Array 6 10 10
0002 Gemini Telescope 16 15 15
0003 B&M Gates Foundation 2 32
0004 US Civilian Research 18 15 15
0005 General Trust Fund 8 5 5



0900 Total new obligations 50 77 45

Budgetary Resources:
Unobligated balance:
1000 Unobligated balance brought forward, Oct 1 42 32
Budget authority:
Appropriations, mandatory:
1201 Appropriation (special or trust fund) 40 45 45



1260 Appropriations, mandatory (total) 40 45 45
1930 Total budgetary resources available 82 77 45
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
1941 Unexpired unobligated balance, end of year 32

Change in obligated balance:
Unpaid obligations:
3000 Unpaid obligations, brought forward, Oct 1 52 34 52
3010 Obligations incurred, unexpired accounts 50 77 45
3020 Outlays (gross) –68 –59 –38



3050 Unpaid obligations, end of year 34 52 59
Memorandum (non-add) entries:
3100 Obligated balance, start of year 52 34 52
3200 Obligated balance, end of year 34 52 59

Budget authority and outlays, net:
Mandatory:
4090 Budget authority, gross 40 45 45
Outlays, gross:
4100 Outlays from new mandatory authority 27 27
4101 Outlays from mandatory balances 68 32 11



4110 Outlays, gross (total) 68 59 38
4180 Budget authority, net (total) 40 45 45
4190 Outlays, net (total) 68 59 38

This account consists of contributions from foreign governments, organizations, and individuals to fund various cooperative efforts in science, research, and education. These efforts include major international projects, such as operation of the Gemini telescopes, and the NSF ocean drilling program. Other smaller activities supported include cooperative research, joint seminars, exchange of senior scientists, short-term research development visits, international conferences, and support for certain special functions of NSF and the National Science Board. These funds are not otherwise available.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)


Identification code 49–8960–0–7–251 2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Direct obligations:
25.4 Operation and maintenance of facilities 18 18 18
41.0 Grants, subsidies, and contributions 32 59 27



99.9 Total new obligations 50 77 45

Administrative Provision

Administrative Provision

Not to exceed 5 percent of any appropriation made available for the current fiscal year for the National Science Foundation in this Act may be transferred between such appropriations, but no such appropriation shall be increased by more than 15 percent by any such transfers. Any transfer pursuant to this section shall be treated as a reprogramming of funds under section [505] 504 of this Act and shall not be available for obligation except in compliance with the procedures set forth in that section. (Science Appropriations Act, 2014.)

General and Administrative Provisions

GENERAL FUND RECEIPT ACCOUNTS

(in millions of dollars)


2013 actual 2014 est. 2015 est.

Offsetting receipts from the public:
49–322000 All Other General Fund Proprietary Receipts Including Budget Clearing Accounts 3 2 2



General Fund Offsetting receipts from the public 3 2 2