Today, at a White House Summit on Accelerating Lead Pipe Replacement hosted by Vice President Harris, the Biden-Harris Administration announced new actions and progress to deliver clean drinking water, replace lead pipes, and remediate lead paint to protect children and communities across America. Through historic levels of funding from President Biden’s Bipartisan Infrastructure Law and American Rescue Plan, annual appropriations, and harnessing a variety of tools across federal, state, and local government, the Administration is delivering tangible progress on the groundbreaking Biden-Harris Lead Pipe and Paint Action Plan announced in December of 2021. The Biden-Harris Administration is working aggressively to replace all lead service lines in America in the next decade.
Today’s White House Summit will feature discussions with state and local officials, along with water utility, labor union, and nongovernmental partners, on reducing risks to public health posed by lead pipes. The following actions are being announced:
- Vice President Harris is announcing a new Biden-Harris Get the Lead Out Partnership comprised of state and local officials, water utilities, labor unions, and other nongovernmental organizations who have committed to advance and accelerate lead pipe replacement. The Vice President sent a letter to Governors across the country calling on them to join the new partnership, deploy the federal funding available in their state, and ensure investments reach overburdened and underserved communities.
- The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), in collaboration with the Department of Labor (DOL), is announcing a new partnership with four states—Connecticut, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Wisconsin—to create “Lead Service Line Replacement Accelerators” to drive progress on removing lead service lines. This action will enhance the effectiveness of Bipartisan Infrastructure Law investments to advance progress on President Biden’s goal of removing of lead pipes all across America.
In addition, today, EPA is announcing $1.2 billion in the Bipartisan Infrastructure Law revolving loan funds have already reached 23 states for lead service line identification and replacement.
MAJOR NEW ACTIONS
New Biden-Harris Get the Lead Out Partnership in collaboration with 100+ state and local leaders, nongovernmental organizations, water utilities, labor unions, and others: Today, the Biden-Harris Administration is announcing an innovative partnership to leverage existing efforts and funding to meet our commitment to accelerate the replacement of lead service lines and pipes by the end of the decade while creating good paying jobs and prioritizing lead remediation efforts in overburdened and underserved communities. The Biden-Harris Get the Lead Out Partnership is a coalition of federal government, states, Tribes, local communities, water utilities, labor unions, and nongovernmental organizations that has committed to advance a shared set of principles to accelerate lead service line replacement. The inaugural 100+ members of the Partnership are listed at the bottom of this factsheet.
Announcing the Creation of Lead Service Line Replacement Accelerators: Today, EPA is excited to unveil a new initiative—its “Lead Service Line Replacement (LSLR) Accelerators.” This initiative will be launched in partnership with Department of Labor, Connecticut, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Wisconsin to provide targeted technical assistance services to communities to make progress on replacing lead pipes that pose risk to the health of children and families. Through the LSLR Accelerators initiative, EPA will provide hands-on support to guide communities through the process of lead service line removals, from start to finish. Technical assistance services will include technical assistance in developing lead service line replacement plans, conducting inventories to identify lead pipes, increasing community outreach and education efforts, and supporting applications for Bipartisan Infrastructure Law funding. This will result in more communities accessing their fair share of federal funds to secure a lead-free future. Partnership is core to the LSLR Accelerators initiative. EPA will collaborate each step of the way with the four partner states and support them in strategically deploying funding from the Bipartisan Infrastructure Law and seeking innovative ways to accelerate lead pipe removal. As this program moves forward, EPA and Department of Labor will collaborate to provide tools aimed at increasing job quality standards, equity, and resources to accelerate the development of the skilled water workforce needed to undertake these community and system-wide lead service line replacement programs. This initiative will include the development of best practices and creative approaches that can serve as a roadmap for the rest of the country.
GETTING RESOURCES TO COMMUNITIES
$1.2 Billion from the Bipartisan Infrastructure Law is Being Utilized for Lead Pipe Replacement in 23 States, Tribes, and Territories: Today, EPA is announcing that $1.2 billion in the Bipartisan Infrastructure Law revolving loan funds has already reached 23 states for lead service line identification and replacement. The 2022 allocation was the first of five years of nearly $15 billion in dedicated EPA funding for lead service lines that states will receive through the Bipartisan Infrastructure Law. In May 2022, EPA also announced the 2022 allocation of $1.9 billion from the $11.7 billion in Bipartisan Infrastructure Law funding from the general Drinking Water State Revolving Fund (SRF), which can be used to support lead service line removal, along with other drinking water infrastructure projects. EPA anticipates releasing the 2023 Bipartisan Infrastructure Law DWSRF allotments, based on the results of the 7th Drinking Water Infrastructure Needs Survey Assessment, this spring.
Removing Lead in Private and Federally Assisted Housing. Earlier this month, HUD made available $568 million to address lead-based paint and additional housing-related hazards through two Notices of Funding Opportunities (NOFOs) that will make homes healthier and safer for low-income families. The first NOFO provides over $403 million in grants to state and local governments for improving health and safety in privately-owned older (pre-1978) homes of low-income families under HUD’s Lead Hazard Reduction Grant Program—one of the program’s largest health and safety funding opportunities to date for privately-owned housing. The second funding notice provides $165 million in grants to Public Housing Agencies for improving health and safety in public housing—the largest health and safety investment to date for public housing. With this investment, since 1993, HUD has made more than $2.7 billion available to protect children, families, and individuals from exposure to lead and other hazards in their homes. In 2023, HUD will invest an additional $290 million for health and safety improvements in privately-owned housing.
Clarifying State, Local, and Tribal governments Can Use Fiscal Recovery Funds—the $350 Billion in Aid Provided Under the American Rescue Plan—for Replacing Lead Service Lines and Protecting Communities Against Lead in Water: In January 2022, the Treasury Department issued the final rule addressing the use of State and Local Fiscal Recovery Funds, which provided for an expanded set of eligible lead remediation uses, including replacement of faucets and fixtures in schools and child care centers, and confirms recipients’ ability to use funds for the replacement of lead services lines. Recipients had budgeted over $345 million in American Rescue Plan funds for lead remediation projects as of September 30, 2022. Examples include:
- Washington D.C. has budgeted $30 million to increase funding available to assist residents in replacing lead water service lines to their homes.
- Rochester, NY, has budgeted $21.5 million to replace lead service lines.
- Bay City, MI obligated $6 million to remove lead pipes in the city by hiring a crew of four new Water Department employees that will be solely dedicated to lead service line replacement.
Directing Federal Agencies to Leverage Existing Funding: In March, for the first time, Office of Management and Budget (OMB) formulated a preliminary lead pipes crosscut of existing funding for the Fiscal Year 2023 President’s Budget. The crosscut will be updated for the 2024 budget. In January 2023, OMB issued guidance to agencies to leverage and prioritize existing funding to achieve the President’s lead remediation goal, while directing 40 percent of the benefits to disadvantaged communities and ensuring the replacement of entire lead service lines.
Leveraging USDA Funding to Mitigate Lead: As of January 20, 2021, USDA has awarded a total of $132 million in loans and grants for projects dealing with lead, including $78.2 million being announced today to reduce exposure to lead in drinking water. These awards include funding for: the City of Bloomer, Wisconsin, for a water and sewer upgrade and replacement of 20,000 feet of lead-jointed water mains; the Anson Madison Water District in Maine to mitigate lead exposure for 3,700 residents; the city of Linwood, Kansas to replace 75 water service lines with lead joints; the Village of Elberta, Michigan to improve their water system, with 79 percent of service lines estimated to be lead; and Columbus County, North Carolina, for the construction and cost overrun of a new replacement school facility housing Pre-K through 8th grade. Many of these projects utilize funding from various sources, including HUD and state-provided funding.
Issuing Guidance to States and Communities to Support Lead Service Line Removal: EPA’s March 2022 Bipartisan Infrastructure Law State Revolving Fund (SRF) implementation memo highlights the flexibility provided to states and borrowers to address lead in drinking water, the creation of dedicated funding to remove lead service lines, and the priority of ensuring that disadvantaged communities benefit equitably from this investment. The memo also:
- Emphasizes that 49 percent of Bipartisan Infrastructure Law funds provided through the DWSRF must be provided as grants and forgivable loans to disadvantaged communities
- Clarifies that any project funded under the $15 billion Bipartisan Infrastructure Law appropriation for the replacement of lead service lines must replace the entire line, not just a portion, unless a portion has already been replaced.
EPA also released additional guidance that will help communities and water utilities identify lead pipes that connect drinking water service to homes and other buildings by developing and maintaining service line inventories, support notifications to consumers served by lead pipes, and provide states with information on oversight and reporting to EPA.
PROTECTING COMMUNITIES FROM LEAD WITH TESTING & ENFORCEMENT
Helping to Close Gaps in Childhood Lead Testing: In October 2021, CDC updated the Blood Lead Reference Value (BLRV) to 3.5 micrograms per deciliter of blood based on the most recent National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data. Over the past year, 21 states have changed their laws or policies to provide case management or other services to children with blood lead levels higher than the updated BLRV of 3.5 micrograms per deciliter. As a result of this action, more children are receiving early intervention to prevent additional lead exposure and its associated harms. CDC also provides funding to 62 Childhood Lead Poisoning Prevention Programs, which support blood lead testing and reporting, enhanced surveillance, and establishing linkages of lead-exposed children to recommended services. CDC used increased funding provided in 2022 to support additional capacity-building awards for currently unfunded jurisdictions. CDC will continue efforts to expand direct assistance to additional states and territories until all at-risk children live in a jurisdiction where a safety-net childhood lead poisoning prevention program exists.
Advancing Regulations to Protect Communities from Lead in Drinking Water and Paint: EPA has taken several steps in the process of proposing the Lead and Copper Rule Improvements (LCRI). EPA is actively engaging in multiple consultations and stakeholder engagement activities prior to proposing the LCRI. Key activities include tribal consultation, consultations with the National Drinking Water Advisory Committee and its Science Advisory Board and environmental justice engagements. In addition, HUD is in the process of implementing its Lead Safe Housing Rule that eliminates or mitigates lead-based paint hazards through its housing rehabilitation assistance.
DECREASING LEAD EXPOSURE IN DISADVANTAGED COMMUNITIES
Reducing Lead Exposures and Disparities in Communities: On October 27, 2022, EPA released its Strategy to Reduce Lead Exposures and Disparities in U.S. Communities in conjunction with National Lead Poisoning Prevention Week. This first-ever, agency-wide lead strategy outlines how EPA will utilize its full suite of authorities, expertise, and resources to reduce lead exposure in communities overburdened by pollution and advance the Biden-Harris Administration’s commitment to environmental justice and equity.
Tracking the Benefits of Lead Pipe and Paint Investments in line with Justice40: To meet the President’s commitment to target 40 percent of the benefits of climate and clean energy investments to disadvantaged communities, OMB and Council on Environmental Quality (CEQ) are committing to track and make publicly available lead pipe and paint investments to disadvantaged communities. In November 2022, CEQ released Version 1 of the Climate and Economic Justice Screening Tool (CEJST), which helps identify disadvantaged communities.
ADVANCING LEAD REMEDIATION IN SCHOOLS AND CHILD CARE CENTERS
To achieve the President’s commitment to reduce lead exposure in the 400,000 schools and child care facilities at risk of exposure, the Action Plan called for the development of a Cabinet Level Partnership for Lead Remediation in Schools and Child Care Centers. This partnership between the EPA, Department of Education, Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), and USDA will continue to make progress on lead remediation in schools and child care centers—safeguarding the health and well-being of a generation of young people. Developments from the last year of this Interagency Partnership include:
- In October 2022, EPA announced projects in disadvantaged communities that have been selected to receive over $30 million in grant funding under WIIN. This grant funding will assist schools with removing sources of lead in drinking water.
- USDA has awarded funding for community facilities, single family housing repair, and educational institutions to address this issue. Examples include:
- $9.5 million to Columbus County, North Carolina, for the construction and cost overrun of a new replacement school facility housing Pre-K through 8th grade. This new facility replaces two facilities that contained asbestos and lead paint.
- $6 million for Anson Madison Water District in Maine in low-interest loans and $3.5 million in grants to mitigate lead exposure for 3,700 residents, including at schools.
- The Department of Education will continue to show leadership in healthy, sustainable, 21st century school environments by gathering commitments for school infrastructure and sustainability.
- EPA and the Office of Head Start, Office of Child Care, held a three-part joint webinar series on “Implementing a 3Ts Program for Lead in Water Testing Throughout Child Care and Early Childhood Facilities.”
BIDEN HARRIS GET THE LEAD OUT INAUGURAL PARTNERS
The Biden-Harris Get the Lead Out Partnership is a coalition of federal government, states, Tribes, local communities, water utilities, labor unions, and nongovernmental organizations that has committed to advance a shared set of principles to accelerate lead service line replacement. The inaugural 123 members of the Partnership include.
- State of Connecticut
- State of New Jersey
- State of Pennsylvania
- State of Wisconsin
- The Onkwehonwe Nation of Aborigines of the Americas
- Erie County, PA
- City of Albany, NY
- City of Ann Arbor, MI
- City of Benton Harbor, MI
- Town of Bethlehem, NY
- City of Buffalo, NY
- City of Cleveland, OH
- City of Detroit, MI
- Borough of East Newark, NJ
- City of Edgerton, WI
- City of Evanston, IL
- Town of Fayette, MS
- City of Flint, MI
- Village of Hazel Crest, IL
- City of Jackson, MS
- City of Kenosha, WI
- City of Little Rock, AR
- City of Madison, WI
- City of Milwaukee, WI
- City of Newburgh, NY
- City of New Haven, CT
- City of New London, CT
- City of Newark, NJ
- Town of North Providence, RI
- City of Pittsburgh, PA
- City of Rochester, MN
- City of Rochester, NY
- City of Sheboygan, WI
- City of Somerville, MA
- City of Syracuse, NY
- City of Wausau, WI
- City of Zion, IL
- United Association of Journeymen and Apprentices of the Plumbing and Pipefitting Industry Union (UA)
- North America’s Building Trades Union (NABTU)
- Cynthia and George Mitchell Foundation
- Gates Family Foundation
- Kresge Foundation
- Laurel Foundation
- Robert Wood Johnson Foundation
- The Keith Campbell Foundation for the Environment
- The Texas Wellspring Fund
- The Water Solutions Fund
- Turner-Water Foundation
- Water Foundation
- American Water
- Anne Adrunel County Water District
- Buffalo Water
- Boston Public Health Commission
- Boston Water and Sewer Commission
- Chelsea Water
- Connecticut Department of Health
- DC Water
- Denver Water
- Fairmont MN Water & Wastewater
- Greater Cincinnati Water Works
- Louisville Water Company
- Manitowoc WI Water Systems
- Milwaukee Water Works
- Philadelphia Water Department
- Pittsburgh Water and Sewage Authority
- Seattle Public Utilities
- Sewerage and Water Board of New Orleans
- A+ Schools
- Alliance for the Great Lakes
- American Public Health Association
- American Society of Civil Engineers
- Association of State and Territorial Health Officials
- Association of State Drinking Water Administrators
- Benton Harbor Community Water Council
- Black Millennials 4 Flint
- Center for Rural Enterprise and Environmental Justice
- Clean Water Action
- Community Advocates, Inc
- Community for a Cause
- Conservation Voters of Pennsylvania
- Cooper Square Committee
- Environmental Advocates NY
- Environmental Defense Fund
- Environmental Policy Innovation Center
- Great Lakes and St Lawrence Cities Initiative
- Hispanic Access Foundation
- Lake City Collective
- League of Conservation Voters
- Metropolitan Planning Council
- Moonshot Missions
- National Center for Healthy Housing
- National Rural Water Association
- Natural Resources Defense Council
- New York League of Conservation Voters
- Next 100 Coalition
- New Jersey Future
- North Carolina League of Conservation Voters
- Ohio Environmental Council
- Park Watershed
- Resources Legacy Fund
- Rural Community Assistance Partnership
- The Alaska Center
- The Green Infrastructure Leadership Exchange
- The Water Collaborative of Greater New Orleans
- UrbanKind Institute
- US Water Alliance
- Water and Wastewater Equipment Manufacturers Association
- Water Professionals International
- Waterkeeper Alliance
- WaterNow Alliance
The inaugural partners are also making the following announcements to accelerate the replacement of lead service lines and pipes by the end of the decade while creating good paying jobs and prioritizing lead remediation efforts in overburdened and underserved communities
- Denver Water is announcing that it was recently approved for $76 million from the Colorado Drinking Water State Revolving Fund, which will receive money from the Bipartisan Infrastructure Law. The funding will help fast-track the program, replacing thousands more customer-owned lead service lines in the next few years than had been originally anticipated. Since the lead reduction program started in January 2020, Denver Water has replaced more than 15,000 customer-owned lead service lines, prioritizing the replacement work areas where there are vulnerable, at-risk populations and disproportionately impacted communities. The lead lines are replaced with lead-free, copper lines at no direct cost to the customer.
- The City of Wausau and Wausau Water Works is announcing its commitment to map the city’s lead service lines and create a strategy for replacing 100 percent of its public and private lead service lines. Wausau is using both resources received from ARPA and BIL to achieve this success.
- The Town Council and Water Department in Bethlehem are announcing today a goal of replacing 100 percent of their lead pipes over the coming decade. The Town of Bethlehem is working on its LSL inventory using operational funds. Of the 12,000 water services in the town, service line material has been confirmed in approximately 6,800 of the public-side service lines and 3,600 of the private-side service lines.
- The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation is announcing that it awarded over $15 million in grants and investments to support water equity efforts because access to safe, affordable water is a cornerstone of a healthy community. The Foundation is working with a wide range of leaders and changemakers to make sure that new investments in water infrastructure reach and are informed by communities that have been historically marginalized – ensuring that access to safe water is realized in the places that often experience the biggest barriers to health and wellbeing.
- BlueConduit is announcing that it is building the first ever national lead service line inventory and will publish it as an open-sourced nationwide map in 2023. This mapping will enable utilities to locate lead lines more accurately, accelerating the removal of lead and lowering the cost per successful replacement. BlueConduit is using data science to find lead pipes and has applied machine learning models across over 100 communities and water systems in 15 states.
- Environmental Policy Innovation Center (EPIC) announced today that it will support 50 overburdened communities across the country over the next three years in their lead service line replacement efforts. This includes help in developing lead pipe inventories and applying for federal funds, and assistance from everything from community outreach, to project prioritization, to technical help planning an implementation strategy for pipe replacement.
- The State of New Jersey is announcing that it will identify and replace all lead service lines statewide by 2031 through implementation of the 2021 Lead Service Line Replacement Law. New Jersey will also propose and seek to adopt a new State Lead and Copper Rule that will ensure proactive lead risk analysis and reduction measures by all drinking water systems as the State pursues the longer-term replacement of all lead service lines statewide. The State is also committing to develop and deploy State-sponsored technical assistance programs to support communities with lead service line inventory assistance, the development of lead service line replacement plans, and the sequencing of eligible projects for Bipartisan Infrastructure Law and Drinking Water State Revolving Fund investment.
- The City of Evanston is announcing a recently adopted workforce development program, hiring Evanston residents and training them on the skills needed for lead service line replacement and street restoration, implemented in partnership with its youth outreach team and augmenting that team’s violence prevention work.
- The City of Albany is announcing that it will remove its remaining 12,000 lead service lines by 2034. The city used $500,000 from the American Rescue Plan Act (ARPA) funding to assist the city in removing more than 700 full lead services since 2019.
- The City of Rochester is announcing that it will replace all remaining lead service lines (both public and private) by 2030. The City has already replaced 5,229 public lines and 106 public and private lead service lines, funded to-date by Federal ARPA dollars, Department of Health and the City’s own investments. The work has been prioritized in areas where people are most at risk, as nearly two-thirds of Rochester’s lead service lines are located in disadvantaged neighborhoods.
- The Village of Hazel Crest recently approved a resolution to remove all lead service lines within the Village. It won a commitment from the Illinois Environmental Protection Agency (IEPA) for $4 million in principal loan forgiveness to begin the work of replacing the village’s 2,700 lead service lines, and has made a commitment to prioritizing its most vulnerable residents in its lead pipe replacement plan.
- The City of Edgerton is highlighting its new city resolution to replace all remaining private lead lines in 2024 using Bipartisan Infrastructure Law funding and funds provided by water utility rate payers. With more than $1 million in principal forgiveness funding provided by the Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources to date, the City of Edgerton has replaced 75 percent of its private lead service lines in the last two construction seasons.