Clean Power Plan
The Clean Power Plan
The Clean Power Plan sets achievable standards to reduce carbon dioxide emissions by 32 percent from 2005 levels by 2030. By setting these goals and enabling states to create tailored plans to meet them, the Plan will:
Protect the health of American families. In 2030, it will:
Prevent up to 3,600 premature deaths
Prevent 1,700 non-fatal heart attacks
Prevent 90,000 asthma attacks in children
Prevent 300,000 missed workdays and schooldays
Boost our economy by:
Leading to 30 percent more renewable energy generation
Creating tens of thousands of jobs
Continuing to lower the costs of renewable energy
Save the average American family:
Nearly $85 a year on their energy bills in 2030
Save enough energy to power 30 million homes
Save consumers $155 billion from 2020-2030
Due to climate change, the weather is getting more extreme
Due to climate change,
the weather is getting more extreme
Temperatures are rising across the U.S.
2014 was the hottest year on record globally, and 2015 is on track to break that record.
Globally, the 10 warmest years on record all occurred since 1998.
For the contiguous 48 states, 7 of the 10 warmest years on record have occurred since 1998.
Extreme weather comes at a cost
Climate and weather disasters in 2012 alone cost the American economy more than $100 billion
Estimated across the U.S.
Combined severe weather
Estimated for incidents across the U.S.
There are also public health threats associated with extreme weather
Children, the elderly, and the poor are most vulnerable to a range of climate-related health effects, including those related to heat stress, air pollution, extreme weather events, and diseases carried by food, water, and insects.
We can choose to believe that Superstorm Sandy, and the most severe drought in decades, and the worst wildfires some states have ever seen were all just a freak coincidence. Or we can choose to believe in the overwhelming judgment of science — and act before it's too late."
- President Obama
We're still contributing to the problem
Carbon pollution is the biggest
driver of climate change
Global temperatures and carbon dioxide levels are on the rise
The global annual average temperature has increased by more than 1.5 degrees F between 1880 and 2012. This interactive graph from the National Climate Assessment shows the concentration of atmospheric carbon dioxide over the same time period. Climate scientists say we need to avert an additional 2-degree temperature increase to avoid the most catastrophic impacts of climate change.
U.S. greenhouse gas pollution includes:
Carbon Dioxide (CO2), 82%
Enters the atmosphere through burning fossil fuels (coal, natural gas, and oil), solid waste, trees and wood products, and also as a result of certain chemical reactions (e.g., manufacture of cement).
Fluorinated gases, 3%
Hydrofluorocarbons, perfluorocarbons, and sulfur hexafluoride are synthetic, powerful greenhouse gases that are emitted from a variety of industrial processes.
Nitrous Oxide (N2O), 6%
Emitted during agricultural and industrial activities, as well as during combustion of fossil fuels and solid waste.
Methane (CH4), 9%
Emitted during the production and transport of coal, natural gas, and oil as well as from landfills.
We've made progress thanks to:
Stronger Fuel Economy Standards
We set the highest fuel economy standards in American history that will double the efficiency of our cars and trucks by 2025.
increasing clean energy
Since President Obama took office, the U.S. increased solar generation by more than ten-fold and tripled electricity production from wind power.
Decreased Carbon Pollution
In 2012, U.S. greenhouse gas pollution fell to the lowest level in nearly 20 years.
Renewable Energy and Efficiency Targets
35 states have renewable energy targets in place, and more than 25 have set energy efficiency targets.
But we have more work to do.
President Obama's Plan to Cut Carbon Pollution
The President's Clean Power Plan
Reducing Carbon Pollution from Power Plants
Power plants are the largest major source of emissions in the U.S., together accounting for roughly one-third of all domestic greenhouse gas pollution.
In September 2013, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) announced proposed carbon pollution standards for new power plants.
In August 2015, President Obama and EPA established the Clean Power Plan — the first-ever carbon pollution standards for existing power plants, which will protect the health of our children and put us on a path toward a 32 percent reduction in carbon pollution by 2030.
Expanding the Clean Energy Economy
Since the President took office, the administration has made the largest investment in clean energy in American history. The Clean Power Plan will lead to 30% more renewable energy generation in 2030.
Since President Obama took office, the U.S. has increased solar generation by more than twenty-fold and tripled electricity production from wind power.
Since the President took office, the Department of the Interior has permitted over 50 wind, solar, and geothermal utility-scale projects on public or tribal lands. The projects could support over 20,000 jobs and generate enough electricity to power 4.8 million homes.
President Obama has created a new initiative to increase access to solar energy for low- and moderate-income households, and to build a more inclusive workforce.
Building on our progress in wind and solar, the Administration secured more than $4 billion in private sector commitments and actions to scale up clean energy innovation and technologies that reduce carbon pollution.
Continuing the momentum for the future:
To ensure America's continued leadership position in clean energy, President Obama has set new goals.
Building Clean Energy Infrastructure
Heavy-duty vehicles (commercial trucks, vans, and buses) are currently the second largest source of greenhouse gas pollution within the transportation sector.
In January 2014, President Obama signed a Presidential Memorandum establishing the federal government’s first Quadrennial Energy Review (QER) process, with an initial focus on our nation's energy infrastructure.
In February 2014, President Obama directed EPA and DOT to develop and issue the next phase of heavy-duty vehicle fuel efficiency and greenhouse gas standards. The standards are proposed in March 2015 and finalized in March 2016.
In 2011, the Administration finalized fuel economy standards for Model Year 2014-2018 for heavy-duty trucks, buses, and vans. This will reduce greenhouse gas emissions by about 270 million metric tons and save 530 million barrels of oil.
The Administration has already established the toughest fuel economy standards for passenger vehicles in U.S. history. These standards require an average performance equivalent of 54.5 miles per gallon by 2025.
Continuing the momentum for the future:
During the President's second term, the Administration is partnering with industry leaders and other key stakeholders.
Cutting energy waste in homes, businesses, and factories
Energy efficiency is one of the clearest and most cost-effective opportunities to save families money, make our businesses more competitive, and reduce greenhouse gas pollution.
The President’s Better Buildings Challenge, enlisted more than 250 partners in cities, states, utilities, manufacturers, school districts, and businesses to improve energy efficiency. Since the program’s launch in 2011, partners have saved 94 trillion units of energy and $840 million.
In President Obama's first term, DOE and HUD completed efficiency upgrades in nearly two million homes, saving many families more than $400 on their heating and cooling bills in the first year alone.
In December 2013, the Department of Agriculture announced it will provide up to $250 million to help businesses and residential customers in rural areas cut their energy bills through energy efficiency and renewable energy use.
In 2014, DOE issued nine proposed and 10 final energy conservation standards for appliances and equipment. If finalized and combined with rules already issued, the energy savings will help cut consumers' electricity bills by hundreds of billions of dollars.
Continuing the momentum for the future:
The Administration will continue to take a range of new steps geared toward cutting energy waste and achieving President Obama's goal of doubling energy productivity by 2030, relative to 2010 levels.
Reducing other greenhouse gas emissions
Hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) are among the fastest-growing greenhouse gases. Methane, another potent greenhouse gas, accounted for nearly 10% of U.S. greenhouse gas emissions in 2012.
In September 2014, the White House announced new private-sector commitments and executive actions to decrease HFC emissions, reducing the equivalent of 700 million metric tons of carbon emissions globally through 2025.
The Administration has partnered with farmers to cut emissions and increase carbon sequestration in the agricultural and forestry sectors through voluntary and incentive-based measures.
Continuing the momentum for the future:
The United States must lead through international diplomacy and domestic actions to reduce emissions and transition to safer and more substantial options.
Since 2008, federal agencies have reduced greenhouse gas pollution by more than 17 percent — the equivalent of permanently taking 1.8 million cars off the road — and set an aggressive new goal of reducing federal emissions by 40 percent by 2025.
Expanded energy performance contracts from $2 billion to $4 billion to provide energy efficiency upgrades for Federal buildings, at no net cost to the taxpayer.
In December 2013, President Obama signed a Presidential Memorandum directing the federal government to buy at least 20% of its electricity from renewable sources by 2020.
Continuing the momentum for the future:
President Obama believes that the federal government must be a leader in clean energy and energy efficiency.
Even as we take new steps to reduce U.S. greenhouse gas emissions, we must also prepare for the impacts of a changing climate that are already being felt across the country.
President Obama's Plan to Reduce the Impacts of Climate Change
The President's Plan Will
Prepare for the impacts of climate change
…Science, accumulated and reviewed over decades, tells us that our planet is changing in ways that will have profound impacts on all of humankind…those who are already feeling the effects of climate change don’t have time to deny it—they’re busy dealing with it.”
- President Obama, 2013
Read the Press Release
Moving forward, the Obama Administration will help states, cities, and towns build stronger communities and infrastructure, protect critical sectors of our economy as well as our natural resources, and use sound science to better understand and manage climate impacts.
Assess the Impacts of Climate Change
Provide an assessment of climate change impacts on the United States that translates scientific insights into practical knowledge that can help decision-makers prepare for specific impacts.
On May 6, the Administration released the Third U.S. National Climate Assessment (NCA), the most authoritative and comprehensive source of scientific information to date about climate change impacts across all U.S. regions and on critical sectors of the economy. The NCA serves as a critical resource for informing climate preparedness and response decisions across the nation.
Support climate-resilient investments
Remove policy barriers, modernize programs, and establish a short-term task force of state, local, and tribal officials to advise on key actions the federal government can take to support local and state efforts to prepare for climate change.
Federal agencies are working to ensure grants, technical assistance, and other programs support smarter, more resilient investments.
The President's State, Local and Tribal Leaders Task Force on Climate Preparedness and Resilience, which is made up of 26 Governors, county executives, mayors and tribal leaders, released its recommendation.
Rebuild and learn from Superstorm Sandy
Pilot innovative strategies in the Superstorm Sandy-affected region to strengthen communities against future extreme weather and other climate impacts and update flood risk reduction standards for all federally funded projects.
From HUD grants and DOT funding for resilient transit systems to a DOI competition for support for coastal resilience projects, over $10B in Sandy recovery funds is being used to increase resilience.
In August 2013, the Hurricane Sandy Task Force delivered a rebuilding strategy that is serving as a model for communities across the nation.
Launch an effort to create sustainable and resilient hospitals
Establish a public-private partnership on increasing resilience of the health care industry.
In December 2014, the Administration released a guide providing best practices for increasing the resilience of health care facilities.
Maintain Agriculture Productivity
Deliver tailored, science-based knowledge to farmers, ranchers, and forest landowners to help them understand and prepare for the impacts of climate change.
USDA established seven new “regional climate hubs” to help farmers and ranchers adapt their operations to a changing climate.
Provide tools for Climate Resilience
Include existing and newly developed climate preparedness tools and information that state, local and private-sector leaders need to make smart decisions.
In March 2014, the Administration launched the Climate Data Initiative, bringing together extensive open government data and innovation competitions to develop data-driven resilience tools for communities.
In November 2014, the Administration released the Climate Resilience Toolkit to provide easy, intuitive access to federal tools that can help planners and decision makers conduct their work in the context of a changing climate.
Reduce Risk of Droughts and Wildfires
Make it easier for communities to get the assistance they need to adapt to drier conditions.
Launched the National Drought Resilience Partnership and released the National Wildfire Cohesive Strategy.
President Obama's Plan Will Lead International Efforts to Address Global Climate Change
Because climate change spans international borders, the President's plan will also
Lead international efforts to address global climate change
America will continue to take on a leadership role in engaging the world's major economies to advance key climate priorities and in galvanizing global action through international climate negotiations. The plan will:
WORK WITH OTHER COUNTRIES TO TAKE ACTION TO ADDRESS CLIMATE CHANGE
Lead public sector financing toward cleaner energy
The President put forth an initiative to end public financing for new coal-fired power plants overseas, except in rare circumstances. Following the lead of the U.S., other nations—including the U.K., the Netherlands, and the Nordic countries—have joined the initiative.
Bilat cooperation with major economies
We are making progress with key partners on issues such as renewably energy deployment, hydroflourocarbon (HFC) emissions, vehicle emissions standards, energy efficiency, and clean energy initiatives.
Expand clean energy use and cut energy waste
Facilitating the transition to a global clean energy economy, the U.S. Department of Energy is leading the Clean Energy Ministerial, a high-level global forum that promotes policies and programs aimed at scaling up energy efficiency and clean energy.
COMBAT SHORT-LIVED CLIMATE POLLUTANTS
Building on the breakthrough June 2013 agreement on hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) by President Obama and China’s President Xi, G-20 leaders in September 2013 expressed support for using the expertise and institutions of the Montreal Protocol to phase down HFCs.
The U.S. continues to spearhead the Climate and Clean Air Coalition which has expanded to more than 100 partners, including 46 countries. The Coalition is implementing ten initiatives to reduce emissions of methane, HFCs, and black carbon.
Reduce emissions from deforestation and forest degradation
In November 2013, the U.S., Norway, and the U.K. launched a public-private partnership to support forests in developing countries, with the goal of reducing emissions from deforestation and promoting sustainable agriculture. The initiative has identified its first four priority countries and begun initial work.
NEGOTIATE GLOBAL FREE TRADE IN ENVIRONMENTAL GOODS AND SERVICES
In July 2014, the U.S. and 13 other WTO members, representing 86% of global trade in environmental goods, launched negotiations on the Environmental Goods Agreement (EGA) to achieve global free trade in clean technologies.
ENHANCE MULTILATERAL ENGAGEMENT WITH MAJOR ECONOMIES
The United States continues to play an active role in shaping the design of a new global climate agreement due in 2015, including through our chairmanship of the major economies forum on energy and climate.
Mobilize climate finance
In November 2014, the President announced the U.S.'s intention to contribute $3 billion to the Green Climate Fund to cut carbon pollution and strengthen developing countries' resilience. This helped increase the number and ambition of other countries’ contributions, and our leadership helped propel the fund's initial capitalization over $10 billion.