Historical Tables

Historical Tables provides data on budget receipts, outlays, surpluses or deficits, Federal debt, and Federal employment over an extended time period, generally from 1940 or earlier to 2016 or 2020.

To the extent feasible, the data have been adjusted to provide consistency with the 2016 Budget and to provide comparability over time.

To download the Historical Tables as a PDF, click here (364 pages, 1.95 MB)

To download the Historical Tables Introductory Text as a PDF, click here (25 pages, 229 KB)

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To download all Historical Tables in XLS format as a single ZIP file, click here (775 KB)

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Table 1.1—Summary of Receipts, Outlays, and Surpluses or Deficits (-): 1789–2020 38 K XLS
Table 1.2—Summary of Receipts, Outlays, and Surpluses or Deficits (-) as Percentages of GDP: 1930–2020 37 K XLS
Table 1.3—Summary of Receipts, Outlays, and Surpluses or Deficits (-) in Current Dollars, Constant (FY 2009) Dollars, and as Percentages of GDP: 1940–2020 37 K XLS
Table 1.4—Receipts, Outlays, and Surpluses or Deficits (-) by Fund Group: 1934–2020 35 K XLS
     
Table 2.1—Receipts by Source: 1934–2020 35 K XLS
Table 2.2—Percentage Composition of Receipts by Source: 1934–2020 36 K XLS
Table 2.3—Receipts by Source as Percentages of GDP: 1934–2020 36 K XLS
Table 2.4—Composition of Social Insurance and Retirement Receipts and of Excise Taxes: 1940–2020 63 K XLS
Table 2.5—Composition of "Other Receipts": 1940–2020 36 K XLS
     
Table 3.1—Outlays by Superfunction and Function: 1940–2020 59 K XLS
Table 3.2—Outlays by Function and Subfunction: 1962–2020 86 K XLS
     
Table 4.1—Outlays by Agency: 1962–2020 40 K XLS
Table 4.2—Percentage Distribution of Outlays by Agency: 1962–2020 45 K XLS
     
Table 5.1—Budget Authority by Function and Subfunction: 1976–2020 74 K XLS
Table 5.2—Budget Authority by Agency: 1976–2020 37 K XLS
Table 5.3—Percentage Distribution of Budget Authority by Agency: 1976–2020 40 K XLS
Table 5.4—Discretionary Budget Authority by Agency: 1976–2020 36 K XLS
Table 5.5—Percentage Distribution of Discretionary Budget Authority by Agency: 1976–2020 40 K XLS
Table 5.6—Budget Authority for Discretionary Programs: 1976–2020 38 K XLS
     
Table 6.1—Composition of Outlays: 1940–2020 56 K XLS
     
Table 7.1—Federal Debt at the End of Year: 1940–2020 35 K XLS
Table 7.2—Debt Subject to Statutory Limit: 1940–2020 27 K XLS
Table 7.3—Statutory Limits on Federal Debt: 1940–Current 34 K XLS
     
Table 8.1—Outlays by Budget Enforcement Act Category: 1962–2020 36 K XLS
Table 8.2—Outlays by Budget Enforcement Act Category in Constant (FY 2009) Dollars: 1962–2020 36 K XLS
Table 8.3—Percentage Distribution of Outlays by Budget Enforcement Act Category: 1962–2020 36 K XLS
Table 8.4—Outlays by Budget Enforcement Act Category as Percentages of GDP: 1962–2020 36 K XLS
Table 8.5—Outlays for Mandatory and Related Programs: 1962–2020 48 K XLS
Table 8.6—Outlays for Mandatory and Related Programs in Constant (FY 2009) Dollars: 1962–2020 54 K XLS
Table 8.7—Outlays for Discretionary Programs: 1962–2020 40 K XLS
Table 8.8—Outlays for Discretionary Programs in Constant (FY 2009) Dollars: 1962–2020 45 K XLS
     
Table 9.1—Total Investment Outlays for Physical Capital, Research and Development, and Education and Training: 1962–2016 32 K XLS
Table 9.2—Major Public Physical Capital Investment Outlays in Current and Constant (FY 2009) Dollars: 1940–2016 34 K XLS
Table 9.3—Major Public Physical Capital Investment Outlays in Percentage Terms: 1940–2016 34 K XLS
Table 9.4—National Defense Outlays for Major Public Direct Physical Capital Investment: 1940–2016 33 K XLS
Table 9.5—Nondefense Outlays for Major Public Direct Physical Capital Investment: 1940–2016 34 K XLS
Table 9.6—Composition of Outlays for Grants for Major Public Physical Capital Investment: 1941–2016 42 K XLS
Table 9.7—Summary of Outlays for the Conduct of Research and Development: 1949–2016 (In Current Dollars, as Percentages of Total Outlays, as Percentages of GDP, and in Constant (FY 2009) Dollars) 34 K XLS
Table 9.8—Composition of Outlays for the Conduct of Research and Development: 1949–2016 36 K XLS
Table 9.9—Composition of Outlays for the Conduct of Education and Training: 1962–2016 32 K XLS
     
Table 10.1—Gross Domestic Product and Deflators Used in the Historical Tables: 1940–2020 50 K XLS
     
Table 11.1—Summary Comparison of Outlays for Payments for Individuals: 1940–2020 (In Current Dollars, as Percentages of Total Outlays, as Percentages of GDP, and in Constant (FY 2009) Dollars) 36 K XLS
Table 11.2—Functional Composition of Outlays for Payments for Individuals: 1940–2020 64 K XLS
Table 11.3—Outlays for Payments for Individuals by Category and Major Program: 1940–2020 186 K XLS
     
Table 12.1—Summary Comparison of Total Outlays for Grants to State and Local Governments: 1940–2020 (in Current Dollars, as Percentages of Total Outlays, as Percentages of GDP, and in Constant (FY 2009) Dollars) 39 K XLS
Table 12.2—Total Outlays for Grants to State and Local Governments, by Function and Fund Group: 1940–2020 46 K XLS
Table 12.3—Total Outlays for Grants to State and Local Governments, by Function, Agency, and Program: 1940–2016 466 K XLS
     
Table 13.1—Cash Income, Outgo, and Balances of the Social Security and Medicare Trust Funds: 1936–2020 108 K XLS
     
Table 14.1—Total Government Receipts in Absolute Amounts and as Percentages of GDP: 1948–2014 34 K XLS
Table 14.2—Total Government Expenditures: 1948–2014 31 K XLS
Table 14.3—Total Government Expenditures as Percentages of GDP: 1948–2014 31 K XLS
Table 14.4—Total Government Expenditures by Major Category of Expenditure: 1948–2014 31 K XLS
Table 14.5—Total Government Expenditures by Major Category of Expenditure as Percentages of GDP: 1948–2014 32 K XLS
Table 14.6—Total Government Surpluses or Deficits (-) in Absolute Amounts and as Percentages of GDP: 1948–2014 33 K XLS
     
Table 15.1—Total Outlays for Health Programs: 1962–2020 35 K XLS
     
Table 16.1—Total Executive Branch Civilian Full-Time Equivalent (FTE) Employees, 1981–2016 29 K XLS
Table 16.2—Total Executive Branch Civilian Full-Time Equivalent (FTE) Employees, 1981–2016 (as percentage of total) 30 K XLS