Historical Tables

Historical Tables provides data on budget receipts, outlays, surpluses or deficits, Federal debt, and Federal employment over an extended time period, generally from 1940 or earlier to 2017 or 2021.

To the extent feasible, the data have been adjusted to provide consistency with the 2016 Budget and to provide comparability over time.

To download the Historical Tables as a PDF, click here (363 pages, 1.8 MB)

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Table 1.1—Summary of Receipts, Outlays, and Surpluses or Deficits (-): 1789–2021 42 K XLS
Table 1.2—Summary of Receipts, Outlays, and Surpluses or Deficits (-) as Percentages of GDP: 1930–2021 41 K XLS
Table 1.3—Summary of Receipts, Outlays, and Surpluses or Deficits (-) in Current Dollars, Constant (FY 2009) Dollars, and as Percentages of GDP: 1940–2021 41 K XLS
Table 1.4—Receipts, Outlays, and Surpluses or Deficits (-) by Fund Group: 1934–2021 38 K XLS
     
Table 2.1—Receipts by Source: 1934–2021 38 K XLS
Table 2.2—Percentage Composition of Receipts by Source: 1934–2021 40 K XLS
Table 2.3—Receipts by Source as Percentages of GDP: 1934–2021 40 K XLS
Table 2.4—Composition of Social Insurance and Retirement Receipts and of Excise Taxes: 1940–2021 67 K XLS
Table 2.5—Composition of "Other Receipts": 1940–2021 40 K XLS
     
Table 3.1—Outlays by Superfunction and Function: 1940–2021 63 K XLS
Table 3.2—Outlays by Function and Subfunction: 1962–2021 90 K XLS
     
Table 4.1—Outlays by Agency: 1962–2021 44 K XLS
Table 4.2—Percentage Distribution of Outlays by Agency: 1962–2021 49 K XLS
     
Table 5.1—Budget Authority by Function and Subfunction: 1976–2021 78 K XLS
Table 5.2—Budget Authority by Agency: 1976–2021 41 K XLS
Table 5.3—Percentage Distribution of Budget Authority by Agency: 1976–2021 44 K XLS
Table 5.4—Discretionary Budget Authority by Agency: 1976–2021 40 K XLS
Table 5.5—Percentage Distribution of Discretionary Budget Authority by Agency: 1976–2021 44 K XLS
Table 5.6—Budget Authority for Discretionary Programs: 1976–2021 42 K XLS
     
Table 6.1—Composition of Outlays: 1940–2021 60 K XLS
     
Table 7.1—Federal Debt at the End of Year: 1940–2021 39 K XLS
Table 7.2—Debt Subject to Statutory Limit: 1940–2021 30 K XLS
Table 7.3—Statutory Limits on Federal Debt: 1940–Current 48 K XLS
     
Table 8.1—Outlays by Budget Enforcement Act Category: 1962–2021 40 K XLS
Table 8.2—Outlays by Budget Enforcement Act Category in Constant (FY 2009) Dollars: 1962–2021 40 K XLS
Table 8.3—Percentage Distribution of Outlays by Budget Enforcement Act Category: 1962–2021 39 K XLS
Table 8.4—Outlays by Budget Enforcement Act Category as Percentages of GDP: 1962–2021 40 K XLS
Table 8.5—Outlays for Mandatory and Related Programs: 1962–2021 52 K XLS
Table 8.6—Outlays for Mandatory and Related Programs in Constant (FY 2009) Dollars: 1962–2021 58 K XLS
Table 8.7—Outlays for Discretionary Programs: 1962–2021 44 K XLS
Table 8.8—Outlays for Discretionary Programs in Constant (FY 2009) Dollars: 1962–2021 50 K XLS
     
Table 9.1—Total Investment Outlays for Physical Capital, Research and Development, and Education and Training: 1962–2017 36 K XLS
Table 9.2—Major Public Physical Capital Investment Outlays in Current and Constant (FY 2009) Dollars: 1940–2017 38 K XLS
Table 9.3—Major Public Physical Capital Investment Outlays in Percentage Terms: 1940–2017 38 K XLS
Table 9.4—National Defense Outlays for Major Public Direct Physical Capital Investment: 1940–2017 38 K XLS
Table 9.5—Nondefense Outlays for Major Public Direct Physical Capital Investment: 1940–2017 38 K XLS
Table 9.6—Composition of Outlays for Grants for Major Public Physical Capital Investment: 1941–2017 46 K XLS
Table 9.7—Summary of Outlays for the Conduct of Research and Development: 1949–2017 (In Current Dollars, as Percentages of Total Outlays, as Percentages of GDP, and in Constant (FY 2009) Dollars) 38 K XLS
Table 9.8—Composition of Outlays for the Conduct of Research and Development: 1949–2017 40 K XLS
Table 9.9—Composition of Outlays for the Conduct of Education and Training: 1962–2017 36 K XLS
     
Table 10.1—Gross Domestic Product and Deflators Used in the Historical Tables: 1940–2021 54 K XLS
     
Table 11.1—Summary Comparison of Outlays for Payments for Individuals: 1940–2021 (In Current Dollars, as Percentages of Total Outlays, as Percentages of GDP, and in Constant (FY 2009) Dollars) 40 K XLS
Table 11.2—Functional Composition of Outlays for Payments for Individuals: 1940–2021 68 K XLS
Table 11.3—Outlays for Payments for Individuals by Category and Major Program: 1940–2021 182 K XLS
     
Table 12.1—Summary Comparison of Total Outlays for Grants to State and Local Governments: 1940–2021 (in Current Dollars, as Percentages of Total Outlays, as Percentages of GDP, and in Constant (FY 2009) Dollars) 43 K XLS
Table 12.2—Total Outlays for Grants to State and Local Governments, by Function and Fund Group: 1940–2021 50 K XLS
Table 12.3—Total Outlays for Grants to State and Local Governments, by Function, Agency, and Program: 1940–2017 480 K XLS
     
Table 13.1—Cash Income, Outgo, and Balances of the Social Security and Medicare Trust Funds: 1936–2021 114 K XLS
     
Table 14.1—Total Government Receipts in Absolute Amounts and as Percentages of GDP: 1948–2015 38 K XLS
Table 14.2—Total Government Expenditures: 1948–2015 35 K XLS
Table 14.3—Total Government Expenditures as Percentages of GDP: 1948–2015 35 K XLS
Table 14.4—Total Government Expenditures by Major Category of Expenditure: 1948–2015 35 K XLS
Table 14.5—Total Government Expenditures by Major Category of Expenditure as Percentages of GDP: 1948–2015 35 K XLS
Table 14.6—Total Government Surpluses or Deficits (-) in Absolute Amounts and as Percentages of GDP: 1948–2015 37 K XLS
     
Table 15.1—Total Outlays for Health Programs: 1962–2021 39 K XLS
     
Table 16.1—Total Executive Branch Civilian Full-Time Equivalent (FTE) Employees, 1981–2017 33 K XLS
Table 16.2—Total Executive Branch Civilian Full-Time Equivalent (FTE) Employees, 1981–2017 (as percentage of total) 34 K XLS