U.S. Department of State and Other International Programs
- 2010 Budget: $53.9 billion
- 2009 level: $49.8 billion (includes enacted baseline, Recovery Act, and requested supplemental funding)
By increasing foreign assistance and expanding diplomatic and development capacity, the United States is renewing its leadership role in the global community. The President’s Fiscal Year 2010 Budget provides $53.9 billion to the Department of State and other international programs, of which $36.5 billion is for foreign assistance. The foreign assistance budget will save lives and improve the health of mothers and children through global health programs, foster global food security through sustainable agriculture, increase the size of the Peace Corps, and stabilize post-conflict states. The budget will also support increased access to quality basic education for children in the poorest countries, reinvigorate efforts to counter proliferation, terrorism, and transnational crime, and expand diplomatic and development operations by increasing the size of the Foreign Service at both the Department of State and the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID). In addition, the budget expands non-military assistance to Afghanistan and Pakistan, and strengthens assistance to help Iraqis who have been displaced because of the war. To increase transparency, the budget reduces reliance on emergency supplemental appropriations by funding expenses that are predictable and recurring.
- Puts the United States on a path to double foreign assistance by 2015. By increasing foreign assistance, the United States will reach out to the global community and renew its role as a leader in global development and diplomacy. Funding will enable the United States to make key strategic investments to combat terrorism and transnational crime, improve global education and health, reduce poverty, build global food security, expand the Peace Corps, address climate change, and bolster conflict prevention and post-conflict reconstruction efforts, among other priorities.
- Increases funding for global health programs. The Administration will continue to build on its commitment to save lives through increasing investments in global health programs, including in areas such as maternal and child health, family planning, neglected diseases, health systems, and other core health programs, while also emphasizing a commitment to HIV/AIDS, malaria, and tuberculosis (TB) through successful programs such as the President’s Emergency Plan for Aids Relief (PEPFAR) and the President’s Malaria Initiative. To reach ambitious goals to prevent new HIV infections, reduce mortality of mothers and children under five, avert millions of unintended pregnancies, and eliminate some neglected diseases, the budget puts the United States on a path to invest $63 billion over six years (2009-2014) for global health programs.
- Reinvigorates counter-proliferation, anti-terrorism, and transnational crime-fighting efforts. Fostering opportunity and security worldwide will make the American people safer at home. This budget includes first-year funding for a multi-year counterterrorism and law enforcement assistance program, which will strengthen the capabilities of our international partners in critical regions around the world. The budget also provides additional nonproliferation and counter-proliferation funding that will be used to help secure nuclear materials and promote safe civilian uses of nuclear energy.
- Refocuses resources to priorities in Afghanistan, Pakistan, and Iraq. The 2010 budget refocuses U.S. resources towards countering the insurgency in Afghanistan and Pakistan. The budget increases non-military assistance to both countries, providing additional funding for governance, reconstruction, counter-narcotics, and other development activities that will help counter extremists. The budget expands the number of civilian personnel in Afghanistan and Pakistan in an effort to stabilize these countries, build government capacity, and successfully manage expanded assistance programs. The budget strengthens our assistance to Iraqis who have been displaced from their homes because of the war. The budget also realigns our assistance efforts in Iraq to ensure that Iraqis can assume more responsibility for their own political and economic future.
- Expands diplomatic and development operations. The 2010 budget includes funding for a multi-year effort to significantly increase the size of the Foreign Service at both the Department of State and USAID. An increased cadre of State and USAID Foreign Service officers will help advance critical foreign policy goals and deliver on expanding U.S. foreign assistance commitments.
- Improves budget transparency. The budget reduces reliance on emergency supplemental appropriations by increasing key accounts and programs with predictable and recurring funding requirements that have previously been funded in supplemental appropriations legislation. As a result, the Administration does not anticipate requesting a 2010 international affairs supplemental.