Federal Collection of Information
Statistical Programs & Standards
Reports to Congress
International Regulatory Cooperation
In addition to reviewing drafts of proposed and final regulations under a variety of statutory and Executive Order authorities, OIRA also coordinates retrospective review of regulation under Executive Order 13610, reviews and approves Government collections of information from the public under the Paperwork Reduction Act, and oversees the implementation of Government-wide policies in the areas of information policy, privacy, and statistical policy. OIRA also coordinates agency implementation of the Information Quality Act, including the peer review practices of agencies, and participates in implementation of the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement and Fairness Act (SBREFA). Finally, OIRA coordinates the Administration’s efforts to improve regulatory cooperation with our key trading partners, including Canada and Mexico.
Rules under review. Information about the Administration’s regulatory actions can be found on www.reginfo.gov, a website that makes information about OIRA’s review of regulations under Executive Order 12866 available to the public and features information about public meetings that OIRA conducts. It also contains information concerning implementation of Executive Order 13771 and Executive Order 13777.
Reginfo.gov includes a Regulatory Review Dashboard that graphically presents information about rules under OIRA review through an easy-to-use interactive display. The Dashboard allows the public to sort rules by agency, length of review, stage of rulemaking, economic significance, and international impacts.
The website also presents an Information Collection Request (ICR) Dashboard, which provides the public with direct access to agency information collection requests sent to OIRA for review under the Paperwork Reduction Act.
Participate in rulemaking. Regulations.gov is the source for information on the development of Federal regulations and other related documents issued by the U.S. Government. Through this site, the public can find, read, and comment on proposed regulations and related documents published by the Federal Government, and learn more about regulatory issues.
OIRA Governing Authorities
- United States Constitution, Art. II
- 44 U.S.C. Chapter 35 – Paperwork Reduction Act
- 5 U.S.C. § 552a – Privacy Act
- 5 U.S.C. § Chapter 8 – Congressional Review Act
- 44 U.S.C § 3501 – Confidential Information Protection and Statistical Efficiency Act
- 44 U.S.C § 3516 – Information Quality Act
- 5 U.S.C. § 601 – Regulatory Flexibility Act
- Executive Order 13783 – Promoting Energy Independence and Economic Growth
- Executive Order 13777 – Enforcing the Regulatory Reform Agenda
- Executive Order 13771 – Reducing Regulation and Controlling Regulatory Costs
- Executive Order 13610 – Identifying and Reducing Regulatory Burdens
- Executive Order 13609 – Promoting International Regulatory Cooperation
- Executive Order 13579 – Regulation and Independent Regulatory Agencies
- Executive Order 13563 – Improving Regulation and Regulatory Review
- Executive Order 12866 – Improving the Planning and the Coordination of Federal Regulation
The Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs (OIRA, pronounced “oh-eye-ruh”) is a Federal office that Congress established in the 1980 Paperwork Reduction Act (44 U.S.C. Chapter 35). OIRA is part of the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), which is an agency within the Executive Office of the President. In addition to reviewing government collections of information from the public under the Paperwork Reduction Act, OIRA reviews draft proposed and final regulations under Executive Order 12866 and develops and oversees the implementation of government-wide policies in the areas of information policy, privacy, and statistical policy. OIRA also oversees agency implementation of the Information Quality Act (44 U.S.C § 3516), including the peer review practices of agencies.
The OIRA Administrator leads the office and is nominated by the President and confirmed by the Senate
OIRA Administrator – Neomi Rao
Neomi Rao is a former professor of structural constitutional law, administrative law, and legislation and statutory interpretation at the Antonin Scalia Law School at George Mason University. Administrator Rao founded the Law School’s Center for the Study of the Administrative State and focused her scholarship on the political and constitutional accountability of administrative agencies and the role of Congress. Additionally, Administrator Rao’s comparative analysis of the use of dignity in constitutional law has been widely cited in the United States and abroad. She also served as a Member of the Administrative Conference of the United States and on the Governing Council of the ABA Section of Administrative Law and Regulatory Practice.
Prior to joining the Law School, Administrator Rao served in all three branches of government. She served as Associate Counsel and Special Assistant to President George W. Bush. Administrator Rao also served as counsel to the U.S. Senate Committee on the Judiciary, where she was responsible for judicial nominations and constitutional law issues. In between government service, Administrator Rao practiced in the London office of Clifford Chance LLP, specializing in international law and commercial arbitration. After receiving a B.A. from Yale University and Juris Doctorate from the University of Chicago, Administrator Rao clerked for Judge J. Harvie Wilkinson III on the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit and for Justice Clarence Thomas on the U.S. Supreme Court.
OIRA has approximately 45 full-time career civil servants who work with agency officials on specific issues and regulations. All OIRA career staff possess graduate level degrees and have historically come from backgrounds in economics, law, policy analysis, statistics, and information technology. With the growth of science-based regulation and information-quality issues, several staff members also have expertise in public health, toxicology, epidemiology, engineering, and other technical fields.
Regulatory Review and How to Participate in the Rulemaking Process
To learn more about the rulemaking process, OIRA’s review process, and how you can participate, please see our FAQ on reginfo.gov.