An advance appropriation is one made to become available one year or more beyond the year for which the appropriations act is passed. Advance appropriations in 2014 appropriations acts will become available for programs in 2015 or beyond. Since these appropriations are not available until after 2014, the amounts will not be included in the 2014 totals, but will be reflected in the totals for the year for which they are requested.

The Congressional Budget Act of 1974 (31 U.S.C. 1105(a)(17)) requires inclusion in the budget of "information on estimates of appropriations for the fiscal year following the fiscal year for which the budget is submitted for grants, contracts, and other payments under each program for which there is an authorization of appropriations for that following fiscal year when the appropriations are authorized to be included in an appropriation law for the fiscal year before the fiscal year in which the appropriation is to be available for obligation." In fulfillment of this requirement, the accompanying table lists those accounts that have either received discretionary or mandatory advance appropriations since 2012 or will request, in 2014, advance appropriations for 2015 and beyond and cites the applicable authorizing statute.

The enacted Continuing Resolution for 2013 (P.L. 112–175) does not explicitly address advance appropriations for 2014. If a full year continuing resolution is enacted, this Budget, as illustrated by the accompanying table, assumes that specific legislative anomaly language will be included to make 2014 advance appropriations available. This is in order to ensure comparability with annual funding provided under the enacted Continuing Resolution for 2013 and to depict accurately the 2014 discretionary request levels compared to the discretionary budget authority caps enacted in the Balanced Budget and Deficit Control Act of 1985, as amended. In general, the Budget also assumes that the 2014 level that would be enacted in the legislative anomaly for discretionary appropriations is consistent with the 2013 advance appropriations that were enacted in the 2012 appropriations acts. However, for the Department of Veterans Affairs, the 2014 level is instead consistent with the 2014 advance appropriation that was requested in the 2013 Budget. For the mandatory advance appropriations, the Budget assumes that the 2014 level is the request from the 2013 Budget.

For additional information on advance appropriations, please refer to the Budget Process chapter in the Analytical Perspectives volume.

Advance Appropriations by Agency in the 2014 Budget (Budget authority in millions of dollars)

Pre-cancellation Enacted Levels

Agency/Program 20121 2013 CR 2014 2015 Request

Discretionary One-year Advances:
Department of Defense (P.L. 112–239):
Shipbuilding and Conversion, Navy2 ........ ........ ........ 953
Department of Education (20 U.S.C. 1223):3
Education for the Disadvantaged 10,841 10,841 10,841 11,682
Special Education 8,592 9,283 9,283 10,124
Career, Technical, and Adult Education 791 791 791 791
School Improvement Programs 1,681 1,681 1,681 ........
Department of Housing and Urban Development (42 U.S.C. 1437 et seq.):
Tenant-Based Rental Assistance 4,000 4,000 4,000 4,000
2012 Enacted Cancellation (P.L. 112–55) –650 ........ ........ ........
Project-Based Rental Assistance 400 400 400 400
Department of Labor:
Training and Employment Services (29 U.S.C. 2801 et seq.) 1,772 1,772 1,772 1,772
Office of Job Corps (29 U.S.C. 2881 et seq.) 691 ........ ........ ........
Department of Veterans Affairs (P.L. 111–81):
Medical Services 39,650 41,354 43,557 45,016
Medical Support and Compliance 5,535 5,746 6,033 5,880
Medical Facilities 5,426 5,441 4,872 4,739
Enacted (P.L. 112–74) and Proposed Cancellations and Reappropriations4 -1,750 ........ -1,750 ........
Postal Service:
Payment to Postal Service fund (39 U.S.C. 2401) 75 78 78 71
Discretionary Two-year Advances:

Corporation for Public Broadcasting (47 U.S.C. 396)5 445 445 445 445

Subtotal, Discretionary Advance Appropriations 77,499 81,832 82,003 85,873
Department of Health and Human Services:
Grants to States for Medicaid (42 U.S.C. 1396) 86,445 90,614 106,336 103,472
Payments to States for Child Support Enforcement and Family Support (24 U.S.C. Ch. 9) 1,200 1,100 1,100 1,250
Payments to States for Foster Care and Adoption Assistance (P.L. 96–272) 1,850 2,100 2,200 2,200
Department of Labor:
Special Benefits for Disabled Coal Miners (30 U.S.C. 921) 41 40 35 24
Social Security Administration:

Supplemental Security Income Program (42 U.S.C. 1381) 13,400 18,200 19,300 19,700

Total, Advance Appropriations 180,435 193,886 210,974 212,519

1Any across-the-board reduction provisions included in the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2012 (P.L. 112–74) are excluded.2One additional new advance appropriation that the Administration is proposing to be considered outside of the limit on advance appropriations is for full funding of construction of Virginia class submarines at the Department of Defense (DOD). In the 2014 request, a regular appropriation is requested in 2014 and an advance appropriation is requested for 2015 in the Shipbuilding and Conversion, Navy account to fully fund the construction of Virginia class submarines. 3To account for the Administration's Elementary and Secondary Education Act reauthorization proposal, the 2014 Budget eliminates the $1.681 billion advance appropriation that was previously in the School Improvement account (renamed the Education Improvement Account) and replaces it with corresponding increases to advance appropriations in the accounts for Education for the Disadvantaged ($841 million, renamed Accelerating Achievement and Ensuring Equity) and Special Education ($841 million). Total advance appropriations in the Department of Education remain unchanged at $22.596 billion.4The Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2012 (P.L. 112–74) cancelled $1,750 million from the one-year funds advance appropriated for 2012 in P.L. 112–10 and reappropriated an equal amount for 2012 with an extended period of availability. The 2014 Budget proposes to cancel $1,750 million from the one-year funds assumed to be appropriated for 2014 in the legislative anomaly, which would make 2014 advance appropriations available, and reappropriate an equal amount for 2014 with an extended period of availability.5The 2014 request includes a 2016 advance appropriation for the Corporation for Public Broadcasting of $445 million, consistent with the historical practice of providing the Corporation a two-year advance appropriation.