Memorandum: Legislative Coordination and Clearance
FROM: Mick Mulvaney
SUBJECT: Legislative Coordination and Clearance
This memorandum and the attachment provide an overview ofthe Executive branch's formal legislative coordination and clearance process. Please share this with policy officials in your agency.
Adherence to the requirements ofthe clearance process serves the needs ofthe President by ensuring that agency legislative proposals and recommendations, as well as testimony, are consistent with his policies and programs. We request that agency legislative proposals, letters, and testimony discussing or involving legislation be submitted to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) as far in advance ofa needed clearance as feasible.
OMB runs a clearance process on these items, which requires sufficient time to review and coordinate with all relevant agencies, and offices in the Executive Office ofthe President.
OMB Circular No. A-19 details the requirements and procedures for legislative coordination and clearance. The attachment summarizes the major elements and the essential purposes ofthe clearance process.
We will be working with you to ensure the timely transmittal to Congress of legislative proposals necessary to support the President's legislative agenda and the Fiscal Year 2018 Budget. As decisions are made on these matters, we will be in contact about details related to the drafting, review, and clearance ofthese proposals.
Thank you for your cooperation.
THE LEGISLATIVE CLEARANCE FUNCTION
This paper summarizes the major elements of the legislative clearance function that the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), working with other offices in the Executive Office ofthe President (EOP) and with the agencies, carries out on behalf of the President.
The President's legislative responsibilities are founded in his constitutional duties and powers. In executing his executive duties, the President generally outlines legislative recommendations through the Inaugural address, State ofthe Union address, Budget, Economic Report, and other communications. The compilation ofthese recommendations constitutes the President's Program. In supporting the President's Program, agencies within the Administration: (1) submit to the Congress legislative proposals needed to carry out the President's Program; (2) convey the Administration's views on legislation that the Congress has under consideration; and
(3) recommend approval or disapproval ofbills passed by the Congress.
OMB's legislative clearance function allows for all affected agencies to engage and reconcile differences on legislative proposals and communications that are cleared and transmitted to the Congress. The primary goals of the clearance process are to ensure that: (1) agencies' legislative communications with Congress are consistent with the President's policies and objectives; and
(2) the Administration "speaks with one voice" regarding legislation. During clearance, OMB circulates items to affected agencies and EOP offices for their review, and ensures that all issues are resolved before providing final clearance to the transmitting agency.
Items that are Subject to the Clearance Process
Legislative Proposals -All draft legislation that Executive branch agencies wish to transmit to the Congress must be sent to OMB for clearance. OMB circulates the draft bills, along with any other supporting documents, to affected agencies and appropriate EOP offices.
Any agency reviewing a draft bill may respond that it: (1) supports or has no objection to the draft bill; or (2) proposes substantive or technical amendments, or even a complete substitute. OMB facilitates reconciliation ofdivergent views. Most disagreements are resolved through discussions at the staff level by OMB, other EOP offices, and the agencies.
After obtaining appropriate policy guidance on a draft bill and resolving all issues, OMB advises the proposing agency ofclearance. OMB directs the originating agency to convey the draft bill, a transmittal letter, and a sectional analysis to the Congress. Ifthe draft bill is contrary to or conflicts with the Administration's objectives, clearance is withheld and OMB advises the proposing agency that it may not transmit the bill.
Testimony and Letters on Pending Legislation -Congressional committees often invite agency officials to testify on pending legislation on behalf ofthe Administration, or request that agencies submit their views through a letter. Agencies may also choose to submit a letter on pending legislation without a congressional request. Such testimonies and letters must be submitted to
OMB for clearance. OMB circulates legislative testimonies and letters to affected agencies for
their review and resolves of any issues.
Other Legislative Communications -All transmittals to Congress communicating legislative views or recommendations must be submitted to OMB for clearance. In addition to testimonies and letters, an agency may communicate in another form, such as submitting talking points to convey comments (often informally) on a bill under consideration by Congress, or responding to questions for the record following a congressional hearing. Also, agencies have numerous requirements to submit certain reports to Congress, and reports that contain any legislative views or recommendations must be submitted to OMB for clearance.
Statements ofAdministration Policy (SAPs) -SAPs allow the Administration to state publicly its views on legislation for the record. Generally, the House releases a weekly schedule that provides notice ofbills that will be considered the following week. The Senate schedule is ascertained informally. OMB coordinates with lead agencies and other EOP entities to prepare SAPs. Once drafted, SAPs are circulated to agencies for review and comment. Once cleared, a SAP is sent to the Congress by OMB's Legislative Affairs Office, and OMB publishes the SAP on its public website. Due to the timing between the notice and congressional action, SAPs are often cleared under tight time constraints. Agencies should anticipate hard deadlines on SAP review requests.
Enrolled Bills -Once a bill passes the House and Senate it is then enrolled and sent to the President for action --either approval or disapproval. With regard to the timing ofpresidential action, the Constitution permits the President ten days from receipt ofthe enrolled bill to take action (including holidays but excluding Sundays). This ten-day clock begins on the day after the bill is received.
To assist the President in deciding his course of action on a bill, OMB requests that each stakeholder agency submit its recommendation for the President's action on the bill. OMB requests a formal views letter from the lead agency or agencies. This letter must be signed by the head ofthe agency or another Presidential appointee. All formal enrolled bill views letters must specifically provide a recommendation as to whether the President should approve/sign or disapprove/veto the enrolled bill. OMB also requests views from other affected agencies, which may be provided informally. OMB prepares a memorandum to the President for each enrolled bill which includes a summary ofthe bill, analysis of significant provisions in the bill, and agency and OMB recommendations for Presidential action on the bill. Any agency recommending disapproval of a bill or the issuance of a signing statement must submit for clearance a statement for the President.