Navigate this Section

To download the Historical Tables Introductory Text and Section notes as a PDF, click here (23 pages, 428 KB)

Spreadsheets

To download all Historical Tables in XLS format as a single ZIP file, click here (952 KB)

Table 1.1—Summary of Receipts, Outlays, and Surpluses or Deficits (-): 1789–2027
Table 1.2—Summary of Receipts, Outlays, and Surpluses or Deficits (-) as Percentages of GDP: 1930–2027
Table 1.3—Summary of Receipts, Outlays, and Surpluses or Deficits (-) in Current Dollars, Constant (FY 2012) Dollars, and as Percentages of GDP: 1940–2027
Table 1.4—Receipts, Outlays, and Surpluses or Deficits (-) by Fund Group: 1934–2027

Table 2.1—Receipts by Source: 1934–2027
Table 2.2—Percentage Composition of Receipts by Source: 1934–2027
Table 2.3—Receipts by Source as Percentages of GDP: 1934–2027
Table 2.4—Composition of Social Insurance and Retirement Receipts and of Excise Taxes: 1940–2027
Table 2.5—Composition of “Other Receipts”: 1940–2027

Table 3.1—Outlays by Superfunction and Function: 1940–2027
Table 3.2—Outlays by Function and Subfunction: 1962–2027

Table 4.1—Outlays by Agency: 1962–2027
Table 4.2—Percentage Distribution of Outlays by Agency: 1962–2027

Table 5.1—Budget Authority by Function and Subfunction: 1976–2027
Table 5.2—Budget Authority by Agency: 1976–2027
Table 5.3—Percentage Distribution of Budget Authority by Agency: 1976–2027
Table 5.4—Discretionary Budget Authority by Agency: 1976–2027
Table 5.5—Percentage Distribution of Discretionary Budget Authority by Agency: 1976–2027
Table 5.6—Budget Authority for Discretionary Programs: 1976–2027

Table 6.1—Composition of Outlays: 1940–2027

Table 7.1—Federal Debt at the End of Year: 1940–2027
Table 7.2—Debt Subject to Statutory Limit: 1940–2027
Table 7.3—Statutory Limits on Federal Debt: 1940–Current

Table 8.1—Outlays by Budget Enforcement Act Category: 1962–2027
Table 8.2—Outlays by Budget Enforcement Act Category in Constant (FY 2012) Dollars: 1962–2027
Table 8.3—Percentage Distribution of Outlays by Budget Enforcement Act Category: 1962–2027
Table 8.4—Outlays by Budget Enforcement Act Category as Percentages of GDP: 1962–2027
Table 8.5—Outlays for Mandatory and Related Programs: 1962–2027
Table 8.6—Outlays for Mandatory and Related Programs in Constant (FY 2012) Dollars: 1962–2027
Table 8.7—Outlays for Discretionary Programs: 1962–2027
Table 8.8—Outlays for Discretionary Programs in Constant (FY 2012) Dollars: 1962–2027

Table 9.1—Total Investment Outlays for Physical Capital, Research and Development, and Education and Training: 1962–2023
Table 9.2—Major Public Physical Capital Investment Outlays in Current and Constant (FY 2012) Dollars: 1940–2023
Table 9.3—Major Public Physical Capital Investment Outlays in Percentage Terms: 1940–2023
Table 9.4—National Defense Outlays for Major Public Direct Physical Capital Investment: 1940–2023
Table 9.5—Nondefense Outlays for Major Public Direct Physical Capital Investment: 1940–2023
Table 9.6—Composition of Outlays for Grants for Major Public Physical Capital Investment: 1941–2023
Table 9.7—Summary of Outlays for the Conduct of Research and Development: 1949–2023 (In Current Dollars, as Percentages of Total Outlays, as Percentages of GDP, and in Constant (FY 2012) Dollars)
Table 9.8—Composition of Outlays for the Conduct of Research and Development: 1949–2023
Table 9.9—Composition of Outlays for the Conduct of Education and Training: 1962–2023

Table 10.1—Gross Domestic Product and Deflators Used in the Historical Tables: 1940–2027

Table 11.1—Summary Comparison of Outlays for Payments for Individuals: 1940–2027(In Current Dollars, as Percentages of Total Outlays, as Percentages of GDP, and in Constant (FY 2012) Dollars)
Table 11.2—Functional Composition of Outlays for Payments for Individuals: 1940–2027
Table 11.3—Outlays for Payments for Individuals by Category and Major Program: 1940–2027

Table 12.1—Summary Comparison of Total Outlays for Grants to State and Local Governments: 1940–2027(in Current Dollars, as Percentages of Total Outlays, as Percentages of GDP, and in Constant (FY 2012) Dollars)
Table 12.2—Total Outlays for Grants to State and Local Governments, by Function and Fund Group: 1940–2027
Table 12.3—Total Outlays for Grants to State and Local Governments, by Function, Agency, and Program: 1940–2023

Table 13.1—Cash Income, Outgo, and Balances of the Social Security and Medicare Trust Funds: 1936–2027

Table 14.1—Total Government Receipts in Absolute Amounts and as Percentages of GDP: 1948–2021
Table 14.2—Total Government Expenditures: 1948–2021
Table 14.3—Total Government Expenditures as Percentages of GDP: 1948–2021
Table 14.4—Total Government Expenditures by Major Category of Expenditure: 1948–2021
Table 14.5—Total Government Expenditures by Major Category of Expenditure as Percentages of GDP: 1948–2021
Table 14.6—Total Government Surpluses or Deficits (-) in Absolute Amounts and as Percentages of GDP: 1948–2021

Table 15.1—Total Outlays for Health Programs: 1962–2027

Table 16.1—Total Executive Branch Civilian Full-Time Equivalent (FTE) Employees, 1981–2023
Table 16.2—Total Executive Branch Civilian Full-Time Equivalent (FTE) Employees, 1981–2023 (as percentage of total)


Stay Connected

Sign Up

We'll be in touch with the latest information on how President Biden and his administration are working for the American people, as well as ways you can get involved and help our country build back better.

Opt in to send and receive text messages from President Biden.

Scroll to Top Scroll to Top
Top