Open Government Initiative Blog

  • Data.gov: Pretty Advanced for a One-Year-Old

    One year ago, data.gov was born with 47 datasets of government information that was previously unavailable to the public. The thinking behind this was that this data belonged to the American people, and you should not only know this information, but also have the ability to use it. By tapping the collective knowledge of the American people, we could leverage this government asset to deliver more for millions of people.

    Today, there are more than 250,000 datasets, hundreds of applications created by third parties, and a global movement to democratize data. To date, the site has received 97.6 million hits, and following the Obama Administration’s lead, governments and institutions of all sizes are unlocking the value of data for their constituents.  San Francisco, New York City, the State of California, the State of Utah, the State of Michigan, and the Commonwealth of Massachusetts have launched data.gov-type sites, as have countries such as Canada, Australia, and the UK as well as the World Bank.

    From these datasets, citizens have developed hundreds of applications that help parents keep their children safe, let travelers find the fastest route to their destinations, and inform home buyers about the safety of their new neighborhood.  Never before have people been so empowered with the information they need to make decisions every day.

    As I reflect on the 1st anniversary of data.gov, the most important accomplishment is the birth of a community of innovators that is helping change the way Washington works. 

    In less than eight months, a team of students at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute developed over 40 applications using data.gov.  These applications range from easily searching the roster of visitors to the White House and tracking foreign aid across the world to shining light on the ratio of debt to assets for bankrupt companies.

    At the Sunlight Foundation, a community of developers continues to build on the Apps for America contest that brought us innovative apps that allow us to check wait times at airports, demystify the rule making process and empower people with the tools to mash up different datasets to unearth new insights. 

    At the World Bank, recognizing the power of prizes to mobilize new and diverse talent, they are encouraging the development of applications that make innovative use of more than 2,000 data sets that document human development worldwide, including health, business, finance, environment, and social welfare statistics.

    As we look to the next year, we recognize that the Web itself is evolving into a data platform and how important it is to link data from one agency to another or one country to another.  True value lies at the intersection of multiple datasets and what we are witnessing is a continued movement across the world to democratize data, but more importantly the explosion of applications created by the emergence of a community of innovators. 

    So all you innovators out there – what data sets can we try to get out there to help you go further? Tweet your ideas for data we should try to put out with hashtag #datagov, and we’ll see what we can do in year 2.

    Vivek Kundra is U.S. Chief Information Officer

  • Improving Transparency at the Food and Drug Administration: We Want Your Feedback

    Today, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Transparency Task Force is releasing 21 draft proposals aimed at helping consumers, stakeholders, and others understand how FDA works and makes decisions. FDA would like the public to provide feedback on these ideas.  After 60 days, FDA will use your comments to make recommendations to FDA Commissioner Dr. Margaret Hamburg for implementation.

    Following the leadership and commitment of President Obama and the Department of Health and Human Services Secretary Kathleen Sebelius to transparent and open government, Commissioner Hamburg launched FDA's Transparency Initiative in June 2009. Since then, FDA has held two public meetings, participated in public listening sessions, launched an online transparency blog, and established a public record to accept public comments. FDA has received more than 1500 comments from the public about transparency at the agency. Two major initiatives already have been launched as a result of public suggestions.

    Earlier this year, FDA launched a popular new website, FDA Basics, to help better explain the work that FDA does. We also launched a new public performance system called FDA-TRACK to help track the agency’s progress on important projects and programs.

    Our next step is releasing this report today. This report has proposals that were developed based on public input. All the proposals are designed to help provide more information to the public while maintaining confidentiality for trade secrets and individually identifiable information.

    For example, one proposal is for FDA to explain its reasoning when it declines to approve a medical product. Disclosing this kind of information could help researchers and others in the medical products industry develop improved products for approval.

    In another proposal, when a drug sponsor decides for business reasons not to pursue approval for a drug designed to treat a rare disease, FDA would be allowed to explain that the drug could represent a significant therapeutic advance for the disease. That type of information could cause another company to continue with the application or encourage additional investment for the development of the drug.

    These are just two of the proposals included in the report. These kinds of proposals will allow the public, Congress, media, industry and many other stakeholders to better understand the health and safety decisions FDA makes each day about foods, drugs, medical devices, cosmetics, and other widely used consumer products. The report also proposes steps FDA can take to open up the agency, including providing more information about the agency’s interactions with the media and the process used to implement the Freedom of Information Act.

    You can read more about the transparency report FDA is releasing today in a Perspective article in the New England Journal of Medicine online, "Transparency at the U.S. Food and Drug Administration."

    Not all of the 21 draft proposals will necessarily be implemented. Some require extensive resources to implement and some may require changes to regulations or legislation. You can read the draft proposals here and let us know what you think before July 20, 2010. Go to the FDA Web site to provide your input on these proposals and tell us which should be our top priorities.

    Beth Martino is the Associate Commissioner of External Affairs at FDA.
     

  • An Invitation to Join the League of Awesomeness

    Web comedian Ze Frank once coined the term “The League of Awesomeness” to describe people who “strive to make the world more awesome.” The assembled multitude at the “Enabling Environmental Protection Through Transparency and Open Government” symposium in Philadelphia is doing just that this week.

    Over one thousand people are spending four days at the symposium, sponsored by the Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) Office of Environmental Information. In an extravaganza of 86 separate sessions, they are talking about the “how to” of open government – how to implement EPA’s Open Government Plan and translate the lofty ideas of transparency, participation, and collaboration into practical means of furthering it’s the agency’s core mission.

    That’s one thousand attendees from private sector organizations; state, local, and tribal governments; EPA program and regional offices; environmental groups; business and industry; the scientific community; academia; the media; and the general public, all gathering to explore strategies for incorporating transparency, participation, and collaboration into the EPA’s work to safeguard the environment and promote smart and sustainable growth.

    They are discussing what new information—such as the toxic release inventory—should  be published online (via data.gov and the EPA’s own data finder,  to inform people about environmental hazards, encourage the development of new jobs and businesses based on environmental information, catch wrong-doers committing environmental crimes, and  reduce the costs of compliance to business. They have come to explore strategies for using modern technology, including web 2.0 social media, to foster greater participation by the public in the work of the EPA as well as greater collaboration across EPA disciplines (such as legal, finance, and tech), departments and agencies, and with the private sector. 

    During the Q&A after the Introductory Plenary, a woman stood up and introduced herself as “just a citizen.” She went on to describe how she had been forced to vacate her home because of environmental contaminants. She gave an impassioned plea to be consulted in any ensuing EPA investigation as she knew the situation first-hand and had useful knowledge to share.

    The League of Environmental Awesomeness applauded in empathetic support. She had come to the right place.  The room was filled with the spirit of excitement and the possibility of engaging with the EPA in entirely new ways.

    You too can become a member of the league of open-government awesomeness, and you don’t even have to come to Philadelphia. Follow the ongoing meeting online via @EPAlive, (hash tag #OEI2010) or watch videos of the plenary sessions.

  • Moving to the Cloud

    Today, the Recovery Accountability and Transparency Board announced that it is moving Recovery.gov to the cloud. As the world’s largest consumer of information technology and as stewards of taxpayer dollars, the Federal Government has a duty to be a leader in pioneering the use of new technologies that are more efficient and economical.

    For those of you not familiar with cloud computing, here is a brief explanation. There was a time when every household, town, or village had its own water well. Today, shared public utilities give us access to clean water by simply turning on the tap. Cloud computing works a lot like our shared public utilities. However, instead of water coming from a tap, users access computing power from a pool of shared resources. Just like the tap in your kitchen, cloud computing services can be turned on or off as needed, and, when the tap isn’t on, not only can the water be used by someone else, but you aren’t paying for resources that you don’t use.  Cloud computing is a new model for delivering computing resources – such as networks, servers, storage, or software applications.

    Recovery.gov is the first government-wide system to move to the cloud. The move is part of the Administration’s overall efforts to cut waste and fix or end government programs that don’t work. By migrating to the public cloud, the Recovery Board is in position to leverage many advantages including the ability keep the site up as millions of Americans help report potential fraud, waste, and abuse. The Board expects savings of about $750,000 during its current budget cycle and significantly more savings in the long-term.

    In April, HHS leveraged cloud computing to support implementation of Electronic Health Records (EHR) systems. To coordinate healthcare providers’ implementation of new Electronic Health Record (EHR) systems, HHS is deploying a cloud-based customer relationship and project management solution provided by Salesforce.com. The solutions will support HHS’s Regional Extension Centers in assisting doctors and rural hospitals in the selection, implementation and meaningful use of EHRs. Various implementation approaches can be analyzed to quickly identify best practices for EHR implementation as they emerge.

    By using cloud services, the Federal Government will gain access to powerful technology resources faster and at lower costs. This frees us to focus on mission-critical tasks instead of purchasing, configuring, and maintaining redundant infrastructure.

    The Obama Administration is committed to leveraging the power of cloud computing to help close the technology gap and deliver for the American people. I am hopeful that that the Recovery Board’s move to the cloud will serve as a model for making government’s use of technology smarter, better, and faster.

    Vivek Kundra is U.S. Chief Information Officer

  • What do you do?

    "Nice to meet you. What do you do?"

    For many, this is one of the first conversations we have when meeting someone new. But our jobs are more than simply a topic of conversation -- they are an important part of our lives. They can be an extension of us and a matter of pride.  What we “do” is part of who we are.

    So now that we’ve met, I’d like to hear more about your job.

    Here’s your chance to tell me, and the world, about your work through the Department of Labor’s Career Video Challenge.

    We are asking America to create short videos highlighting 15 in-demand occupations including nursing, medical lab technicians, weatherization, carpentry, steamfitting and more.

    Our Employment and Training Administration staff will narrow it down to the top three videos in each field -- but the final choice is up to you. Your votes will determine the $1,000 cash prize winner in each field.

    Through June 18, you can submit your entries on the Department of Labor website.

    Some of these occupations have been around for ages and others are just emerging. The one thing they all have in common - the potential for growth.

    In today’s competitive environment, America’s job seekers face tough choices. For those that are thinking about their first job or those that are changing directions mid-career, it’s important to find a job that’s a good fit. These videos will help provide a firsthand look into all the opportunities available.

    So tell your story. Be creative. What’s the best part of your day? How did you get into your career and what keeps you coming back? What skills and experience do you need to succeed?

    I can’t wait to see what you come up with. June 18 is right around the corner, so check out the site, review the occupations, read the rules for the contest, and get filming!

    Hilda Solis is the Secretary of Labor.

  • Leading the Open Government Movement at NASA

    Ed. Note: This is the first in a series of in-depth profiles of open government plans from across the Executive Branch.

    For over 50 years, NASA has nurtured and developed a rich culture of openness, fostering collaboration among scientists and sharing with the public at large the excitement surrounding scientific discoveries, aeronautics, and space. Open government is an integral part of our culture, and NASA is excited to be a leader in these efforts for the U.S. government. 

    Our commitment to experimenting with and embracing new ways of collaboration begins with our efforts to infuse innovation into the U.S. space program.  The process for the Human Spaceflight Review in 2009 led to policies that incorporated citizen involvement and feedback, and the development of NASA’s Open Government Plan relied upon tools to ensure citizen engagement.

    We continue to embrace collaboration for all of our communities – from citizen scientists and inventors to the public at large, from NASA’s workforce of scientists and engineers to NASA’s community of partners. We’re excited about all of these initiatives and invite your participation.  Each of the efforts described below offer a link to their fact sheet in the Open Government plan which includes ways to get involved.

    For citizen scientists and innovators, we have created a prize program and avenues for talented and interested members of the public to contribute to NASA programs in a meaningful way. We believe that making space exploration exciting and manageable will create advocates, ambassadors, and a volunteer technical community to assist in space exploration. These efforts include:

    • NASA’s highly successful Centennial Challenges prize program has engaged innovators from around the country to successfully build prototypes of technology and innovation for use in the space and aeronautics sector.
    • NASA is establishing a new Participatory Exploration Office, which will be charged with infusing more public participation into NASA’s mission in order to directly engage citizens in exploration.
    • Every single science mission stores and archives all data received from spacecraft. NASA has decades of publicly available data. NASA’s Open Government Plan commits to making this data more easily accessible and user-friendly.
    • NASA’s Johnson Space Center has been working with Harvard University, InnoCentive, and others to facilitate open innovation approaches into the research portfolio.

    For the public at large, we have communicated our programs through our website, blogs, or the NASA Television channel. We have a rich Education and Outreach portfolio with resources for museums and teachers. More recently, we have experimented with microblogging, social photo sharing and ideation tool to allow the public to communicate and share information with NASA. These efforts include:

    • Social engagement tools to collect hundreds of ideas for improving the agency's openness and transparency;
    • Giving the public live access to its missions through NASA TV and its many social media sites; and
    • NASA’s education outreach program includes initiatives where students have opportunities to control space instruments remotely.

    NASA is primarily a workforce of scientists and engineers, and as such we have created communities of practice to stimulate internal and external collaboration.  We listened to our software engineers and created the NASA Open Source Agreement (NOSA) so that we could share our technology with those outside of government and, in turn, have them share their tools with us for the common benefit of the space program.  As a result, we also learn from the commercial sector and infuse new innovations into NASA quickly and if appropriate, integrate them into our contracts. These efforts include:

    • The NASA Engineering Network is an integrated suite of tools from 45 engineering repositories and 1.4 million records with a Lessons Learned Information System of official NASA vetted lessons, encouraging internal communities of practice formed along engineering disciplines;
    • Through a new policy initiative, NASA is working to make open source software development more collaborative for the benefit of the agency and the public;
    • NASA has created "Nebula," the U.S. government’s first open source cloud computing platform, which offers an easier way for NASA scientists and researchers to share large, complex data sets with external partners and the public; and 
    • NASA is one of the leading Federal Agencies using Social Media and is piloting new technologies and tools (like Macs and iPads) to enhance worker productivity and attract the next generation of workers. 

    For NASA partners, NASA has been open for business and partnerships for decades and allows us to transfer our technologies to other sectors while also infusing innovations into NASA’s program.  We share our technical reports, patents, and open technology with universities, start-ups, and corporations with the intent to stimulate the economy. These efforts include:

    • NASA uses Space Act Agreements as the primary vehicle for partnering with partners like  Google, General Motors, and European Space Agency. Space Act Agreements allow access to a wider range of technologies and capabilities that are not part of NASA's core competency;
    • The NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS) is a public database of NASA's current and historical technical literature. NTRS provides access to approximately 500,000 aerospace related citations, 90,000 full-text online documents, and 111,000 images and videos; and
    • NASA transfers technology to the private sector and state and local governments by actively seeking licensees. More than 1,600 such technology transfer successes have been documented in NASA's Spinoff Magazine over the years, which include commercial applications in health and medicine, transportation, public safety, consumer goods, agriculture, environmental resources, computer technology, manufacturing, and energy conversion and use.

    All of these efforts are detailed in NASA’s Open Government Plan, representing a new chapter in NASA’s culture of openness and an exciting collaborative effort between citizens, advocacy groups, NASA employees, and of course, between agencies. This is the beginning of a movement in government and in space collaboration, where we are creating a learning community as we transform how we do business. We invite your continued thoughts and participation in these efforts, as we work collaboratively to enhance NASA’s transition to a twenty-first century space program.

    Linda Cureton is the Chief Information Officer at NASA.  Beth Robinson is the Chief Financial Officer at NASA.