1:38 P.M. SST
PRIME MINISTER LEE: Vice President Kamala Harris, ladies and gentlemen: Good afternoon to all of you. I welcome Vice President Harris to Singapore. We had an excellent discussion this morning and reaffirmed the robust and enduring partnership between Singapore and the United States.
I also expressed our appreciation for the U.S.’s active role in the Asia-Pacific, and especially in Southeast Asia, and our shared support for a stable, rules-based order in the region based on international law, where all countries can both cooperate and compete peacefully with one another and prosper together.
The Vice President’s visit follows Secretary of Defense Lloyd Austin’s visit here just a month ago. It emphasizes the U.S. administration’s commitment to this region and shows that the U.S. has both strategic and economic stakes in Southeast Asia. We value the U.S.’s — the U.S. renewing its ties with friends and partners here, and especially with Singapore.
Economic cooperation between the U.S. and Singapore is dynamic and flourishing. Our FTA with the U.S., signed in 2004, was the U.S.’s first with an Asian country. Since then, our bilateral trade, which is well-balanced and mutually beneficial, has more than doubled. And Singapore is also the second-largest Asian investor in the United States, with direct investment stock of 65 billion U.S. dollars.
Our investments in the U.S., together with American exports to Singapore, support over a quarter million American jobs. Today, Singapore is home to nearly 5,500 U.S. companies. The U.S. is Singapore’s largest foreign direct investor, and FDI stock of the U.S. in Singapore is 315 billion U.S. dollars. It’s more than U.S. investments in China, India, and South Korea combined.
On security and defense, the U.S. has played an important and constructive role in the region for over 70 years. Singapore is a Major Security Cooperation Partner of the U.S., and we have consistently supported a strong U.S. presence in the region through our words and actions.
Our two countries cooperate well on transnational issues, including terrorism, cybersecurity, and counterproliferation. Our security, intelligence, and law enforcement agencies hold regular dialogues.
Singapore participated in the International Security Assistance Force, or ISAF, in Afghanistan. And we were later the first Southeast Asian country to contribute personnel and assets to the Global Coalition to Defeat ISIS, which was in Iraq.
The U.S. is a partner nation in Singapore’s newly established multilateral Counter-Terrorism Information Facility. We discussed these issues with Vice President Harris. And on Afghanistan specifically, I mentioned to Vice President that we knew that the U.S. was conducting an evacuation operation of refugees from Afghanistan, and Singapore would offer — would like to offer to the U.S. the use of the RSAF’s — Republic of Singapore Air Force’s Airbus 330 Multi-Role Tanker and Transporter aircraft, in order to help with the airlifts.
Our defense cooperation goes back many decades. Singapore has one of the largest foreign training presences in the U.S. We deeply appreciate the U.S.’s support for our training detachments in Arizona, at Luke Air Force Base, and in Idaho, at Mountain Home.
Two years ago, we renewed the 1990 Memorandum of Understanding which provides the U.S. military with access to Singapore’s and naval bases.
Vice President Harris will be visiting Changi Naval Base later this afternoon, and there, I hope she’ll see how Singapore has supported the U.S. military presence and its defense engagements in the region.
We’ve hosted rotational deployment of U.S. aircraft and navy ships, and also including littoral combat ships, such as the USS Tulsa, which the Vice President will be visiting.
Our bilateral cooperation takes place in the context of regional and multilateral cooperation efforts. Singapore appreciates the U.S. participation in ASEAN and regional forums like the ARF, the ADMM-Plus, and APEC. We work together at these forums reflecting our shared commitment to multilateralism to tackle regional and global issues like climate change.
On this 55th anniversary of U.S.-Singapore diplomatic relations, I’m happy that we are embarking on new areas of partnership. We concluded three agreements between our cyber, defense, and finance industries — agencies. Singapore and U.S. are also launching a climate partnership. And we are pleased to join the — we’re also pleased with our joint Smart City capacity-building initiatives.
We’re elevating the U.S.-Singapore Collaboration Platform MOU to a new partnership for growth and innovation. And we welcome the U.S.-Singapore Supply Chain Dialogue to work together to strengthen supply chain resilience.
On pandemic preparedness, we will pursue collaboration on genome sequencing and epige- — epidemic intelligence, which will speed up identification of COVID-19 variants as well as emerging disease threats, and augment regional preparedness for current and future pandemics.
We’re also happy to see both sides cooperating on space, which is the next frontier.
It’s a substantial agenda of deliverables which will enhance our partnership, and I’m confident that our longstanding and multilateral — multifaceted bilateral relationship will continue to strengthen year by year.
Thank you very much.
MS. CHANG: Thank you, Prime Minister.
Madam Vice President, please.
VICE PRESIDENT HARRIS: Thank you, Prime Minister Lee. You have been a longstanding friend of the United States. You have been a counselor and a friend to many of my predecessors who have talked with me about the friendship and the history of work together. And I was honored to be a part of that tradition with this visit today and our extensive conversations about many topics. So, thank you. And thank you for the warm welcome.
And I am here because the United States has a longstanding and enduring relationship with Singapore — with Singapore in the context of Southeast Asia and in the context of the United States being a member of the Indo-Pacific region. And we take that membership seriously.
It is a partnership that we have with Singapore and Southeast Asia that relies on the priorities of the United States that are both priorities that relate to our security as well as our economic wellbeing, and increasingly — certainly the pandemic has highlighted — the importance of working together as partners on the issue of global health.
The conversation that we had today was also in many ways defined by what I think we all understand to be a new era that we’re embarking on — a new era as defined by many of the issues that I mentioned: the issue of pandemic and global health; the issue of the climate crisis, which we spoke extensively about; the issue of cybersecurity. And on these issues, as well as the traditional issues that we have partnered with Singapore on, we are looking forward to strengthening this relationship and our collaboration and partnership.
And today, we are in Singapore to stress and reaffirm our enduring relationship to this country and in this region, and to reinforce a shared vision of a free and open Indo-Pacific region, and to reaffirm our mutual interest in peace and stability in Southeast Asia.
Prime Minister Lee and I had a productive conversation on how our two nations can partner together to fulfill this vision. In that context, Prime Minister, I thank you for the very generous offer that you’ve made to assist the United States in our evacuations from Afghanistan, and we look forward to following up on that discussion.
On the issues that we discussed, I’ll start with the issue of global health because it is one of the dominant issues that is impacting all nations. And on that issue, we discussed the importance of working together to end this pandemic but also to prevent future pandemics.
Singapore’s approach to managing the pandemic has been commendable, but we all must do more to not only end the current pandemic but to invest in what we know will be more.
From day one, President Biden has been clear about the importance of vaccinating people in the United States against COVID-19 and our commitment to being an arsenal of vaccines for the world. That is why we have provided millions of vaccine doses to countries within Southeast Asia. And Singapore has been very generous in the way that it has contributed to the work that needs to be done in this region and around the world.
As the Delta variant threatens communities, the Prime Minister and I discussed how the United States and Singapore can partner to increase the capacity of Southeast Asia to identify new COVID variants and boost regional preparedness.
Secondly, we discussed our partnership’s importance to the prosperity of our two countries and the broader region.
This pandemic has had a profound impact on economies and a profound impact on families and workers, and has exposed what many knew before but had been highlighted through the pandemic, which is the vulnerability of our supply chains.
In America, we all remember the early days of the pandemic when folks couldn’t figure out where they could get a mask, where they could get PPEs, and that was because of the shortage of basic goods around the globe.
Supply chains, without any question, are critical to ensuring that businesses can source the materials they need and get products to market and enable people to buy these products.
For example, semiconductor chips — they power everything from smartphones to laptops to cars. And if we’re not producing enough semiconductors as a world, as a globe, our automobile factories in the United States will be impacted as they’ve been. And it will impact then families and consumers. You just ask anybody who’s thinking about trying to buy a new car or a used car, and it is more difficult than it has been in a long time because, of course, supply chain issues impact production lines and impact goods getting to market.
So, working together with partners like Singapore on strengthening supply chains is critical in not only getting goods to the folks who need them but keeping Americans working and on the job, and ensuring Americans can provide for their families.
So that is why tomorrow I will be meeting with key business leaders here in Singapore to discuss what more we can do together in this region of the world, with private and public sectors, including our own in the United States, to shore up supply lines and supply chains. And that is why the Prime Minister and I agreed to launch a dialogue on how our two countries can better work together to strengthen supply chain resiliency in this region.
Third, on the issue of security — a longstanding source and reason for the priority that our two countries have placed in our partnership — I reaffirmed in our meeting the United States’ commitment to working with our allies and partners around the Indo-Pacific to uphold the rules-based international order and freedom of navigation, including in the South China Sea.
Later today, as the Prime Minister mentioned, I will visit the United States naval ship docked in Changi Naval Base — a clear symbol of the strong security cooperation between our two countries and a symbol of America’s commitment to regional security.
The Prime Minister and I also agreed that the United States and Singapore must expand cybersecurity cooperation to address growing threats and to protect our countries from cyberattacks — for example, on financial institutions and on our defense establishments.
Turning to the issue of values, the United States is deeply committed to advancing respect for human rights at home and abroad. In our meeting today, the Prime Minister and I discussed the crisis in Burma and the role the international community must play in helping the people of Burma restore democracy to their country.
And lastly, during our meeting, we spoke about the need to coordinate our efforts to address climate and the climate crisis. I no longer call it “climate change,” Prime Minister — a climate “crisis,” as evidenced by the U.N. report that recently came out.
As two of the world’s leaders in the financial sector, the United States and Singapore can work together on sustainable finance in this regard. And that is why, today, our countries are launching a new climate partnership to create standards for sustainable financing, to address financial sector climate risk, and to mobilize private capital for climate mitigation and adaptation.
So those are just some of the areas we touched upon today, reflective of the breadth and the depth of the partnership between the United States and Singapore.
And as I said at the beginning of my remarks, our administration is committed to enduring engagement in Singapore and to Southeast Asia and the Indo-Pacific.
And I look forward, Prime Minister, for continuing and strengthening our relationship for years to come. And thank you again.
PRIME MINISTER LEE: Thank you.
MS. CHANG: Thank you, Madam Vice President. We will now proceed to the Q&A. May I first invite the Singapore journalist, Ms. Dawn Tan, from national broadcast MediaCorp?
Q Dawn Tan, CNA MediaCorp. Good afternoon, Prime Minister and Madam Vice President. And may I, on behalf of all Singaporeans, also welcome you to our home here in Singapore.
Thank you, Prime Minister, as well, for that update on Singapore-U.S. bilateral relations and for the constructive role that the United States continues to play in this region.
Permit me to begin by asking both of you a question. Prime Minister, as we speak, a complex operation continues in Afghanistan, as the U.S. stands by its commitments there. How will Singapore, as an important bilateral partner, work with the United States as it completes its mission in Afghanistan?
And, Madam Vice President, what’s your message to America’s partners about U.S. commitment to its longtime allies in light of this issue?
PRIME MINISTER LEE: I’ll go first.
Well, countries all over the region, and I’m sure all over the world, are watching developments in Afghanistan very closely. Foremost in everybody’s minds is the safety and security of the civilians, and I hope all sides will work to ensure this.
Singapore is not unfamiliar with the challenges. The SAF, the Singapore Armed Forces, deployed personnel to Afghanistan in support of ISAF, International Security Assistance Force.
We also sent Provincial Reconstruction Teams to support the Afghan people in their reconstruction of the country. We did so because Afghanistan was a key battlefront in the global fight against extremist terrorism. Extremist ideas and capabilities were exported from there, all over our region, and they pose a security threat to Singapore too. The Jemaah Islamiyah group, for example, had direct links to al Qaeda in Afghanistan.
The Biden administration inherited an extremely difficult situation. The U.S. had invested considerable blood and treasure in Afghanistan. But it was an intractable task given the complex history, geography, and tribal rivalries of the place.
Successive U.S. presidents have declared their resolve to withdraw from Afghanistan. So I told the Vice President that we understand President Biden’s reasons for his decision. The U.S. intervention has stopped terrorist groups from using Afghanistan as a safe base for 20 years. For this, Singapore is grateful.
We hope Afghanistan does not become an epicenter for terrorism again. And post Afghanistan, in the longer term, what matters is how the U.S. repositions itself in the Asia Pacific, engages the broader region, and continues the fight against terrorism, because that will determine the perceptions of the countries of the U.S. global priorities and of its strategic intentions.
And specifically on the current withdrawal, evacuation operation: As I mentioned just now, Singapore would be happy to offer our air force Airbus A330 to assist in the evacuation operation.
Therefore, I welcome the Vice President’s visit here, as well as her reassurances on American intentions in the region and in the world.
VICE PRESIDENT HARRIS: Thank you, Prime Minister. And that is exactly the point. The reason I’m here is because the United States is a global leader, and we take that role seriously, understanding that we have many interests and priorities around the world.
I am here in Singapore as a reaffirmation of our commitment to our membership in the Indo-Pacific region, our partnership — longstanding partnerships with Southeast Asia, and a longstanding relationship with Singapore as it relates to our issues and our mutual issues on security and economic strength and development and now, increasingly, global health.
So, this visit, combined with the agreements we have made and the work we continue to do as a nation to reinforce our commitment to these relationships, speak, I believe, volumes in terms of the integrity of the relationships that the United States has around the world on many issues based on our shared priorities and our shared vision of not only the challenges we face, but the future and the potential based on the opportunities that this moment also presents.
MS. CHANG: Thank you, Madam Vice President.
VICE PRESIDENT HARRIS: Thank you.
MS. CHANG: Over to —
MS. SANDERS: Thank you. Our first question will come from American journalist Nandita Bose from Reuters.
Q Thank you, Symone. Madam Vice President, we’re in a situation where Afghans have been trampled, died as they rushed to flee a nation where Americans fought for 20 years. American citizens are still stuck without safe passage. I understand that you agree with the decision to withdraw. But in your assessment, what went wrong with the withdrawal?
And I have a question for the Prime Minister as well. We understand you have offered help with the evacuation, sir. But does the fall of Afghanistan, 20 years after the U.S. started military operations there to drive out the Taliban — does that change your calculus and on how you can rely on America as a partner in this region, both militarily and economically? Does that impact the credibility of America’s foreign policy promises?
VICE PRESIDENT HARRIS: So, I understand and appreciate why you asked the question. And I think there’s going to be plenty of time to analyze what has happened and what has taken place in the context of the withdrawal from Afghanistan.
But right now, we are singularly focused on evacuating American citizens, Afghans who worked with us, and Afghans who are vulnerable, including women and children. And that is our singular focus at this time, understanding that we have a priority in making sure that the people that, in particular, helped America achieve its responsibilities, in terms of our priorities and the reason we went to Afghanistan in the first place, that we have a responsibility and we feel a deep commitment to making sure that folks who helped us are safe.
But there’s no question that what many of us have seen on television, as the President has said — I mean, the President has, I think, shown great emotion in expressing sadness about some of the images we have seen. But we cannot be in any way — distracted in any way from what must be our primary mission right now, which is evacuating people from that region who deserve to be evacuated.
PRIME MINISTER LEE: I think I already addressed the point you raised in my earlier remarks, because we are watching what’s happening in Afghanistan on the TV screens today. But what will influence perceptions of U.S. resolve and commitment to the region will be what the U.S. does going forward: how it repositions itself in the region, how it engages its broad range of friends and partners and allies in the region, and how it continues the fight against terrorism.
Countries make calculations and take positions, and they have to make calc- — recalculations and adjust their positions from time to time. Sometimes it can be done smoothly; sometimes there are hiccups. Sometimes there’s — things go awry and take time to put right.
But countries remain with long-term interests, with long-term partners — and is the mark of a country which can succeed — that it takes these interests and partners seriously and in a dispassionate way, and maintains them over the long term.
And the U.S. has been in the region since the war — 19- — which is more than 70 years ago. There have been ups and downs. There have been difficult moments. There have also been, over decades, dramatic transformations in Asia, wrought by the benign and constructive influence of the United States as a regional guarantor of security, and support of prosperity.
And Singapore hopes and works on the basis that the U.S. will continue to play that role and continue to engage the region for many more years to come.
MS. SANDERS: Thank you, Nandita. The U.S. delegation’s next question will come from American journalist Zolan Kanno-Youngs of the New York Times.
Q Yes, thank you so much for taking my question here. Madam Vice President, a quick follow-up to my colleague’s question. I understand what the focus is now, but given that the reality is that there are thousands of allies, as well as American citizens that are still stuck in limbo, are you satisfied with the operational steps that were taken in this decision? Not the decision itself, but the operational steps that were taken. Does it meet your standard?
Secondly, China is already trying to use the situation in Afghanistan to drive a wedge between the U.S. and its allies, telling those in the South China Sea region that the U.S. cannot be counted on as a reliable long-term partner. Are you at all concerned the damage has already been done to U.S. credibility worldwide? And how does the U.S., and specifically the administration, repair it?
And then, for Prime Minister Lee, your country’s travel restrictions are a major strain on American businesses, businesses worldwide. Since Singapore has said that it wants to expand quarantine-free travel, what are the specific conditions it would take to get a quarantine-free arrangement in the U.S. and high-vaccination countries like it? Thank you.
VICE PRESIDENT HARRIS: So I’ll repeat what I said, which is that there’s no question there will be and should be a robust analysis of what has happened. But right now, there is no question that our focus has to be on evacuating American citizens, Afghans who worked with us, and vulnerable Afghans, including women and children. That has to be our primary focus and where we are placing our attention on the issue of Afghanistan.
And to that end, we have seen a successful drawdown of the embassy and, thankfully, without any American casualties. We have seen thousands of people who have been — who have been evacuated from the airport in Afghanistan, where the United States military — doing very hard and difficult work — were able to contain that airport so that we could successfully evacuate the people who have been evacuated so far.
So as the President has said: Listen, this is a difficult mission. There’s no question about that. But our focus has to be on the task at hand.
As it relates to America’s relationship around the world, I’m standing here in Singapore because of our commitment to a longstanding relationship, which is an enduring relationship with the Indo-Pacific region, with Southeast Asian countries, and, in particular, with Singapore.
The agreements that the Prime Minister and I have reached today are evidence of that enduring relationship and commitment, and founded on the longstanding priorities that relate to our security interests and our economic issues, but also a commitment going forward, as it relates to the challenges that we faced in the 21st century and the challenges we are going to face moving forward, such as in the inevitable, which is future pandemics and what we will do together to research and to do what we can to stop those pandemics from wreaking the kind of havoc on the world that COVID has; a commitment, moving forward, to work together on the issue of cybersecurity; to work together on the issue of the climate crisis.
All of these agreements are evidence of America’s strength and enduring relationships around the globe and, in particular, our knowledge that as we move forward and think about where we go in the 21st century, Southeast Asia and the Indo-Pacific will, in large part, I believe, dictate the future of our world. And America’s commitment then and partnerships with the country in this region — and the countries in this region are about where we are going and also founded on the relationships that we have had in this region.
PRIME MINISTER LEE: Okay, on vaccines — this is something which I also discussed with the Vice President: As countries get more vaccinated, as protocols are worked out, as we get COVID infections under control it’s easier for us to open up. We have been very tight on our borders for some time because it was necessary and we had to get our situation in Singapore secured through vaccinations and through infections control.
I think we are getting there, but we are nowhere near herd immunity. And we are now able to contemplate vaccinated, safe, quarantine-free travel with conditions and tests and procedures with countries. And we are starting with two countries, Germany and Brunei.
And we are talking about other countries as well, and it will depend on the vaccination progress in those countries. It will depend on the prevalence of COVID in those countries, the state of the pandemic. And it depends what we can work out between us so that you have confidence in pre-departure testing, pre-departure vaccination certificates, and then procedures upon arrival to be tested and, if necessary, to be quarantined, if infected.
It’s something which we have strongly in mind because it’s important for Singapore as a hub to be able to reopen and to operate safely, and for people to travel back and forth to do business and to keep ourselves connected with the world. And the U.S. is one of the countries which we will be pursuing these conversations with.
MS. SANDERS: Thank you, Zolan.
MS. CHANG: Thank you. Now the last question from Singapore journalist, Ms. Linette Lai, from the Singapore Press Holdings.
Q Hi, thank you very much. I’d like to bring the discussion back to the region and ask PM Lee and Vice President Harris how the U.S. can work with Singapore and other partners to contribute to the broader stability and security of the region, and also to strengthen people-to-people ties. Thank you.
PRIME MINISTER LEE: Well, I think the economic cooperation is an important part of that, because that gives substance to the rest of the cooperation.
And I listed out some of the areas which we are embarking on further projects with the U.S., arising from the Vice President’s visit.
On the security cooperation, that’s also very close. It ranges all the way from defense cooperation, to intelligence exchange, to counterterrorism activities, to cybersecurity. And there, too, we have an agenda.
And thirdly, on people-to-people ties, travel is one big part of it. Studying students — studying is a big part of it. We have very many students from Singapore — and, in fact, from all over the region — who study in the U.S. I spent a couple of years in the U.S. myself, and you never forget the experience and the friends which you have made.
And these are things which ought to continue — Afghanistan or not, COVID or not. And I’m quite confident that they will continue and they will grow, and we will be able to deepen the ties across the Pacific for many more years to come.
VICE PRESIDENT HARRIS: The Prime Minister has said it well, which is this is a relationship that is based on a shared vision, both in terms of the challenges we face but also the opportunities that we face to work together to meet those challenges. And it relates again to the historic relationship that we have on the issue of security and economic strength.
But it is also about what we can do to work together to discover the medicines that might attack and deal with the next virus. It is about the future in terms of our mutual commitment, curiosity, and interest and what we can do in space. It is about what we have, in terms of shared values, for the need for universal norms on the issue of cybersecurity. It is about the interest that we have in being a global partner on the issue of vaccines, for example, and our shared commitment — understanding that when we have the resources, that we will share them with the world.
These are the things that Singapore and the United States have in common. And with that common purpose and with a similar approach to our responsibility for our own citizens and our responsibility as a global citizen, I believe that with this commitment — as evidenced again by this visit today — we will continue to partner in a way that benefits not only Singaporeans and Americans, but the rest of the world.
MS. CHANG: Thank you, Madam Vice President. And with that, I bring the joint press conference now to a close. Thank you, journalists, for joining us, and everyone online. Thank you.
2:14 P.M. SST