Under President Biden’s leadership, America is on the move again. We created more than 6.5 million jobs in 2021, the most our country has ever recorded in a single year. We are also on track to reduce the deficit by more than $1.3 trillion this year—the largest one-year reduction in the deficit in U.S. history. This progress is a direct result of the President’s strategy to grow our economy from the bottom up and the middle out—a strategy that was built on smart, fiscally prudent investments that helped jumpstart our economy.  

A core pillar of President Biden’s economic agenda is creating good-paying union jobs and reducing energy costs by tackling the climate crisis. President Biden’s Bipartisan Infrastructure Law (BIL) has already jumpstarted hundreds of projects across the country, including those that will increase resilience to climate change and extreme weather, strengthen U.S. energy security, and deliver environmental justice. And as the President said during his State of the Union address, the Administration is committed to working with Congress on legislation that cuts cost for families—including reducing energy costs by combatting climate change and growing the clean energy economy—while also expanding the productive capacity of the economy and reducing the deficit.

The Budget presents President Biden’s vision for the strategic and sustained investments needed through annual appropriations to continue to decrease energy prices and grow the economy over the long term. The President’s Budget invests a total of $44.9 billion in discretionary budget authority to tackle the climate crisis, $16.7 billion more than FY 2021 or an increase of nearly 60 percent. These and other long-term investments include:

  • Establishing a new Solar Manufacturing Accelerator at the Department of Energy (DOE) that will help to create a robust domestic manufacturing sector capable of meeting the Administration’s solar deployment goals without relying on imported components, as part of over $15 billion in investments to supercharge clean energy innovation and infrastructure.
  • Making sure no Federal firefighter will make less than $15 an hour and adding 1,500 firefighters to the Federal workforce at the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) and the Department of the Interior (DOI), as part of $18 billion in investments to make communities more resilient to climate change.
  • Creating several new programs across more than five agencies to invest in disadvantaged communities, including a new program at DOE to decrease energy costs for LIHEAP recipients.
  • More than $9 billion—an increase of over $1 billion above FY 2021—in discretionary funding for programs and initiatives across the Federal Government that support economic revitalization and job creation in energy communities.
  • Over $11 billion to advance the President’s historic pledge to quadruple international climate finance. When enacted, this funding will meet the President’s pledge a year early.

The Budget would continue to drive down energy prices, enhance U.S. competitiveness, and put America on a path to reduce greenhouse gas emissions 50-52 percent by 2030—all while ensuring that at least 40 percent of the overall benefits from tackling the climate crisis reach disadvantaged communities. Importantly, the Budget will also make these critical investments while cutting the deficit by more than $1 trillion over the next decade and ensuring that no one earning less than $400,000 a year will pay an additional penny in new taxes.


Strengthens Domestic Manufacturing, Creates More Resilient Global Supply Chains, and Supports Deployment of Clean Energy Infrastructure. Today, much of the world’s clean energy technology is manufactured in China. China produces 80 percent of the world’s battery cells and solar energy inputs and controls global production for many of the refined minerals and materials that are essential for clean energy technologies. The Budget invests over $15 billion in discretionary funding for clean energy innovation and infrastructure at home—$12 billion for clean energy innovation and $3 billion for deployment—and invests in quickly scaling-up domestic manufacturing of key climate and clean energy technologies; accelerating the deployment of carbon-free electricity, zero emission vehicles, and low-carbon industrial solutions; and creating good-paying American jobs. Investments include:

  • Up to $5 billion in new lending authority for the Department of Energy (DOE) Title XVII Innovative Technology Loan Guarantee Program to support loans for eligible projects that avoid, reduce, or sequester greenhouse gas emissions, which includes support for domestic critical mineral supply chains.
  • $1 billion for a new mandatory Clean Energy Manufacturing program at DOE to build resilient supply chains for climate and clean energy equipment through engagement with allies, enabling an effective global response to the climate crisis while creating economic opportunities for U.S. businesses to increase their share of the global clean technology market.
  • $291 million at the Department of the Interior (DOI), an increase of $184 million from FY 2021, primarily to accelerate and expand clean energy deployment on public lands and offshore waters. Funding will support the planning and permitting of solar, wind, and geothermal energy projects, and associated transmission infrastructure that will help mitigate climate change impacts and meet the Administration’s goal of deploying 30 gigawatts of offshore wind capacity by 2030 and 25 gigawatts of onshore renewable energy from the public lands by 2025.
  • $200 million for a new Solar Manufacturing Accelerator at DOE that will help create a robust domestic manufacturing sector capable of meeting the Administration’s solar deployment goals without relying on imported components that were manufactured using unacceptable labor and environmental practices. It is imperative that the United States partners with our allies to create resilient clean energy supply chains.
  • $150 million in new funding for DOE’s Office of Clean Energy Demonstrations to scale renewable and distributed energy resource technologies. This funding will augment the $21 billion in BIL funding for hydrogen hubs, energy storage, advanced nuclear reactors, carbon capture and storage, grid infrastructure, and other clean energy infrastructure projects.
  • $90 million for a new DOE Grid Deployment Office to build the grid of the future by planning for and assisting in the development of new and upgraded high-capacity electric transmission lines nationwide, connecting more communities to clean energy across the country.
  • $95 million for the DOE Office of Nuclear Energy High-Assay, Low-Enriched Uranium Availability Program to support civilian domestic demonstration and commercialization.
  • $50 million for the Department of Transportation (DOT) in grants to support transit agencies as they plan for the transition of their vehicle fleets to zero emission vehicles. This funding is in addition to $1.1 billion in BIL for DOT to provide transit systems for the procurement of low- and no-emission public transportation buses.

Lowers Household Energy Costs. President Biden is committed to decreasing energy costs for households, including in rural, Tribal, and disadvantaged communities. The Budget calls for historic investments to make homes more energy efficient and resilient to climate change. Investments include:

  • $1.9 billion for U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) rural housing loan and grant programs, including $260 million in increases over FY 2022 for the rural multifamily housing programs. These investments will help address housing insecurity, rent burdens, and the impacts of climate change in rural America, including through a new policy requiring construction practices to improve energy or water efficiency, implement green features, or strengthen climate resilience. The multifamily housing programs will fund the preservation or development of 224 affordable multifamily housing properties, totaling 11,100 new units, and provide Rental Assistance to 270,000 units. USDA’s single-family housing loans will provide new homeownership opportunities to 171,000 rural borrowers.
  • $900 million across Housing and Urban Development (HUD) programs for modernization activities at HUD-assisted properties aimed at improving energy efficiency and resilience to climate change impacts. Multifamily properties with HUD-rental assistance and public housing provide 2.3 million affordable homes to low-income families. These green investments will help improve the quality of public and HUD-assisted housing while creating good paying jobs. The Budget fully funds operating costs across the rental assistance portfolio and provides critical public housing capital investments.
  • $502 million for DOE programs to weatherize and retrofit low-income homes, including $100 million for a new Low-Income Home Energy Assistance (LIHEAP) Advantage pilot to electrify and decarbonize low-income homes that are persistent users of LIHEAP funding. This will bring down energy costs and save taxpayer dollars.
  • $150 million for the Department of Housing and Urban Development to prioritize resilience and energy efficiency activities in affordable housing and housing-related projects for Tribal communities.
  • $150 million for DOE’s Office of Indian Energy to electrify Tribal homes and transition Tribal colleges and universities to renewable energy, a six-fold increase from FY 2021.

Creates Clean Energy Jobs in Rural America. President Biden is committed to creating good-paying, union jobs in rural communities and ensuring that the wealth created by those jobs stays in rural areas. Investments include:

  • $6.5 billion in USDA loan authority for rural electric loans, an increase of $1 billion over the FY 2021, to support additional clean energy, energy storage, and transmission projects.
  • $300 million in new funding at USDA for grants, loans, and debt forgiveness for rural electric providers as they transition to clean energy.
  • $20 million in new funding for the creation of the Rural Clean Energy Initiative to provide technical assistance to rural electric coops to support investments in clean energy projects.

Increases Demand for American-Made, Zero-Emission Vehicles through Federal Procurement. The Budget invests $745 million for zero emission fleet vehicles and support for charging or fueling infrastructure in the individual budgets of 19 Federal agencies to provide an immediate, clear, and stable source of demand to help accelerate American industrial capacity to produce clean vehicles and components. This funding includes $301 million for dedicated funds at the General Services Administration for other agencies and for United States Postal Service charging infrastructure.

Advances the Deployment of Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure. The Budget includes $1 billion in formula grants and $400 million in competitive grants to build out a network of EV charging stations across key Alternative Fuel Corridors, particularly the Interstate Highway System, along with community chargers located in rural and underserved communities. These resources will be deployed in partnership with the newly formed Joint Office of Energy and Transportation, a collaborative effort of the Departments of Energy and Transportation.


Advances Equity and Environmental Justice. The Budget provides historic support for overburdened and underserved communities and advances the President’s Justice40 commitment that at least 40 percent of the overall benefits of Federal investments in climate and clean energy reach disadvantaged communities. Investments include:

  • $1.45 billion across the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to bolster environmental justice efforts that will help create good-paying jobs, clean up pollution, implement the Justice40 Initiative, advance equity, and secure environmental justice for communities that too often have been left behind, including rural and Tribal communities. This includes:
    • Elevating EPA’s Office of Environmental Justice to a national program office to support the robust, consistent, and meaningful integration of environmental justice considerations across all EPA policies, programs, and activities in addition to providing much needed direct support to states, Tribal Nations, and local communities.
    • $670 million for EPA’s enforcement and compliance assurance efforts, including funding to increase outreach to victims of environmental crimes and to develop a specialized criminal enforcement task force to address environmental justice issues in partnership with the Department of Justice (DOJ).
    • $150 million for six new environmental justice grant programs aimed at reducing disproportionate health impacts of environmental pollution in communities, including grants for states, Tribal Nations, local communities, research institutions, and non-government organizations. This allocation includes funding to create and support state environmental justice programs and environmental justice advisory groups.
    • $100 million for a new community air quality monitoring and notification program to ensure equitable environmental outcomes and advance environmental justice for overburdened and marginalized communities.
  • Increases support at DOE for environmental justice and equity, including:
    • $47 million to coordinate implementation of environmental justice initiatives and activities, including $34 million for the Office of Economic Impact and Diversity to coordinate DOE-wide integration of environmental justice considerations at all levels of agency operations and $13 million for the Office of Legacy Management to strengthen its environmental justice program.
    • $31 million for a new Equitable Clean Energy Transition initiative in the DOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy to help energy and environmental justice communities navigate and benefit from the transition to a clean energy economy.
    • $35 million for the Funding for Accelerated, Inclusive Research (FAIR) initiative to support clean energy, climate and related activities at minority-serving institutions and historically black colleges and universities to build capacity in core research capabilities in support of the Office of Science’s mission.
    • $40 million for a new Community Capacity Building initiative in the Environmental Management program to support historically underserved communities around cleanup sites.
  • $198 million for DOT’s Reconnecting Communities Pilot Program, for planning and projects to remove or retrofit existing transportation infrastructure that creates barriers within communities, particularly those that are economically disadvantaged.
  • $111 million for DOT’s Thriving Communities program, to provide technical assistance, capacity building and other assistance to help disadvantaged communities advance transformative, equitable, and climate-friendly infrastructure projects that will support equitable economic growth, reduce transportation cost burdens, improve public health and mobility, and increase access to economic opportunity. This program aims to provide in-depth, hands-on technical assistance resulting in at least one community-led infrastructure project per State and territory.
  • $1.4 million for DOJ to establish an Office for Environmental Justice.

Upgrades drinking water and wastewater infrastructure nationwide. To accelerate the President’s goal of delivering clean water to all Americans and the historic funds in the BIL to do so, the Budget includes investments to upgrade drinking water and wastewater infrastructure nationwide, with a focus on underserved communities that have historically been overlooked. Investments include:

  • $4 billion for EPA water infrastructure programs, an increase of $1 billion over FY 2021, including $940 million in new funding to fully fund of all of the grant programs authorized by the bipartisan Drinking Water and Wastewater Infrastructure Act of 2021 and, $182 million, an increase of $160 million over FY 2021, for EPA’s Reducing Lead in Drinking Water Grant. For the first time, the Budget includes a government-wide summary of Federal funding for lead pipes.
  • $717 million in direct appropriation and $1.5 billion in loan level for USDA’s Water and Wastewater Grant and Loan Program. This funding includes a new $100 million set-aside for lead pipe replacement in rural households and $140 million for loans in a new risk category for the most economically distressed communities with borrower interest rates offered at one and zero percent.

Protects Communities from Hazardous Waste and Environmental Damage. Preventing and cleaning up environmental damage that harms communities and poses a risk to their health and safety is a top priority for the Biden-Harris Administration. These efforts will make communities safer and boost local economies. Investments include:

  • $7.6 billion for DOE’s Environmental Management program to support the cleanup of community sites used during the Manhattan Project and Cold War for nuclear weapons production, including $40 million for a new initiative to support historically underserved communities.
  • Nearly $1.2 billion for EPA’s Superfund program to enable cleanup of the Nation’s most contaminated land and to respond to environmental emergencies and natural disasters. This effort begins to adjust for revenue from the Superfund Tax that was reauthorized in the BIL.
  • $215 million for EPA’s Brownfields program to enable EPA to provide technical assistance and grants to communities, including disadvantaged communities, so they can safely clean up and reuse contaminated properties. These funds will complement Brownfields funding provided in the BIL. Both the Brownfields and the Superfund programs also support presidential priorities such as the Cancer Moonshot Initiative by addressing contaminants that lead to greater cancer risk.

Reduces Lead and Other Home Health Hazards for Vulnerable Families. Black, Latino, and Native communities are more likely to be burdened by lead pollution. The Budget provides $400 million, an increase of $40 million above the FY 2021, for States, local governments, and nonprofits to reduce lead-based paint and other health hazards in the homes of low-income families with young children. The Budget also includes $25 million to address lead-based paint and $60 million to prevent and mitigate other housing-related hazards, such as fire safety and mold, in public housing. These investments will help save lives and reduce the unique dangers that lead poses to children across America.

Tackles Per- and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances (PFAS) Pollution. PFAS are a set of man-made chemicals that threaten the health and safety of communities across the Nation, disproportionately impacting disadvantaged communities. As part of the President’s commitment to tackling PFAS pollution, the Budget provides approximately $126 million, $57 million over FY 2021, for EPA to increase the understanding of PFAS and its human health and ecological effects, restrict use to prevent PFAS from entering the air, land, and water, and remediate the PFAS that has been released into the environment.  

Provides robust support for Tribal Nations. The Budget includes $671 million for DOI to support Tribal climate programs. This includes $61 million for the Tribal Climate Resilience program. The Budget also includes $80 million to reestablish a modified Indian Land Consolidation Program focusing support on Tribes’ plans for and adaptation to climate change. Additionally, the Budget further proposes to provide mandatory funding to the Bureau of Reclamation for operation and maintenance of previously enacted Indian Water Rights Settlements, and the Administration is interested in working with the Congress on an approach to provide a mandatory funding source for future settlements. Additional information on Tribal historic investments for Tribal Nations is here.


The Budget includes over $9 billion – an increase of over $1 billion above FY 2021 – in discretionary funding for programs and initiatives across the Federal Government that support economic revitalization and job creation in hard-hit coal, oil and gas, and power plant communities. These priority programs and initiatives align with the efforts of the Administration’s Interagency Working Group on Coal and Power Plant Communities and Economic Revitalization (IWG), which is administered by DOE, and address the needs of energy communities based on stakeholder feedback from over 100 workshops and meetings convened throughout FY 2021 and FY 2022. Investments include:

  • $235 million for the Appalachian Regional Commission, including $72 million for the Partnerships for Opportunity and Workforce and Economic Revitalization (POWER) Initiative that targets federal resources to help Appalachian communities that have been affected by job losses in coal mining, power plant operations, and coal-related supply chain industries.
  • $321 million for DOI and $62 million for USDA initiatives to remediate thousands of abandoned oil and gas wells and reclaim abandoned mines, more than doubling the FY 2021 amounts. This investment includes $115 million for DOI’s Abandoned Mine Land and Economic Revitalization program and $65 million for a new centrally-funded Energy Community Revitalization Program, which will help accelerate this remediation and reclamation work on DOI lands and support work on non-Federal lands through grants to states and Tribal Nations.
  • $15 million for EPA’s Brownfields Program for Cooperative Agreements specifically targeted to communities that are developing comprehensive strategies as part of assessing, cleaning up, and reusing brownfield sites related to the retirement of coal-fired power plants.
  • $135 million for programs at the Department of Labor (DOL), including $100 million for a new energy community revitalization initiative and $35 million for Workforce Opportunity for Rural Communities grants to help Appalachian and Delta communities connected to the energy industry develop local and regional workforce development strategies that promote long-term economic stability.
  • $84 million for the Department of Commerce’s Economic Development Administration (EDA) Assistance to Coal Communities program to assist locally-driven efforts in communities and regions severely impacted by declining use of coal through activities and programs that support economic diversification, job creation, capital investment, workforce development, and re-employment opportunities.
  • $25 million within DOE’s Office of State and Community Energy Programs to provide competitive awards and technical assistance to support local clean energy initiatives, with a focus on creating good-paying clean energy jobs in communities impacted by the fossil fuel transition.
  • $12 million for the Department of Health and Human Services’ (HHS) Health Resources & Services Administration Black Lung Clinics Program to promote services to coal miners and their families through quality medical, outreach, educational, and benefits counseling services. The Budget also includes $24 million in grants for HHS’s Community Economic Development program. These awards provide technical and financial assistance for economic development activities that address the needs of low-income individuals and families.
  • $6 million of dedicated funding for the IWG’s capacity building activities, including research and analysis to inform investment decisions and the coordination of interagency efforts to continue to deliver Federal resources to those communities affected by the energy transition. This funding complements capacity building and technical assistance programs and initiatives across the Federal Government that are not targeted, but available to, energy communities. These programs include USDA’s Rural Partners Network ($39 million), EDA’s Technical Assistance and Partnership Planning ($50 million), and DOE’s Indian Energy Technical Assistance ($10 million).


Strengthens Climate Resilience and Reduces the Risks of Climate Change. Millions of Americans feel the effects of the climate crisis each year as extreme weather and climate change impact every region and economic sector.  Indeed, more than 40 percent of Americans live in counties hit by climate disasters in 2021 and more than 80 percent experienced a heat wave. The Budget provides more than $18 billion for climate resilience and adaptation programs across the Federal Government. These critical investments will reduce the risk of damages from floods, storms, and coastal erosion; restore the Nation’s aquatic ecosystems; and help protect the most vulnerable communities from the impacts of climate change. Investments include:

  • $3.5 billion for Department of Homeland Security (DHS) climate resilience programs. This includes $507 million, a $93 million increase above FY 2021, for the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)’s flood hazard mapping program to incorporate climate science and future risks. The Budget also makes robust investments in FEMA’s hazard mitigation grant programs, including $1 billion for the Building Resilient Infrastructure and Communities grant program, which helps communities build resilience against natural disasters, including disadvantaged communities who are disproportionately at risk from climate crises.
  • $3 billion for the Department of Defense (DOD) to support installation resilience, basic and applied research, and advance efficiency improvements to operational platforms and propulsion systems. These programs support the adaptation of mission activities so U.S. forces can successfully operate in a changing environment, while advancing the Administration’s climate efforts.
  • Over $1 billion to support Army Corps of Engineers (Corps) climate resilience efforts, reduce the risk of damages from floods and storms, and restore the Nation’s aquatic ecosystems.  Investments include $974 million for construction of flood and storm damage reduction and aquatic ecosystem restoration projects, over $86 million of which will contribute to climate resilience efforts such as improving the resilience of Corps infrastructure to climate change, and $37 million for technical and planning assistance programs with emphasis on work to help local communities identify, understand, and address their flood risks, including work that would directly benefit disadvantaged communities by improving their resilience to climate change.
  • $376 million for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s (NOAA) climate resilience activities, as part of a $6.9 billion total investment in NOAA, supporting programs that will catalyze wind energy, restore habitats, protect the oceans and coasts, and improve NOAA’s ability to predict extreme weather associated with climate change. This includes a $30 million increase in funding for marine sanctuaries and marine protected areas to assess and address climate change impacts, and $92 million for expanded climate competitive research grants.
  • A combined total of $322 million for the Smithsonian Institution, National Gallery of Art, and the John F. Kennedy Center to replace, repair and modernize their buildings and facilities, including to help increase climate resilience and reduce energy dependency.

Bolsters Nation’s Frontline Defenses against Catastrophic Wildfires. Protecting communities, ecosystems, and infrastructure from wildfires requires a resilient and reliable Federal workforce. President Biden is committed to supporting the firefighting workforce, and has promised that no firefighter will make less than $15 an hour. The Budget includes nearly $3.9 billion for wildland fire management at USDA, DOI, and EPA, an increase of $778 million above FY 2021. The Budget also includes an additional $2.55 billion authorized in the suppression cap adjustment to protect communities, ecosystems, and infrastructure from wildfires. Investments include:

  • $1.8 billion for personnel and preparedness, including funding to support the President’s commitment that no Federal firefighter will make less than $15 an hour, and increases the size of the Federal workforce with an increase of about 1,500 firefighters.  This funding compliments the $600 million for firefighter compensation provided through the BIL.
  • $646 million in Hazardous Fuels Management and Burned Area Rehabilitation to help reduce the risk and severity of wildfires, and restore lands that were devastated by catastrophic fire over the last several years. This funding complements the $2.49 billion for Hazardous Fuels Management and $650 million for Burned Area Rehabilitation projects provided through the BIL.
  • $6 million to permanently sustain the FireGuard pilot program that leverages sensitive satellite imagery to rapidly detect wildfires, consistent with the President’s commitment to use the latest technologies to fight wildfires.
  • $13 million in additional funding to bolster EPA’s abilities to forecast where smoke from wildfires will harm people and communicate where smoke events are occurring to vulnerable communities.

Decreases the Health Impacts of Climate Change. Protecting Americans’ health and well-being has always been at the heart of fighting climate change. The impacts of climate change are leading to increased exposure to threats, such as unhealthy smoke and debilitating heat. The Budget increases investments to identify and mitigate the health impacts of climate change. Investments include:

  • $110 million at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to expand the Climate and Health program to all states and territories to identify potential health effects associated with climate change and implement health adaptation plans.
  • $225 million at the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, within the National Institutes of Health, to support research aimed at understanding the health impacts of climate change.
  • $3 million for HHS’s recently established Office of Climate Change and Health Equity, which, under the leadership of the Assistant Secretary of Health, serves as a department-wide hub for convening, coordination, and oversight of climate change related efforts.

Invests in Conservation and Carbon Sequestration. The Budget invests in the Biden-Harris Administration’s America the Beautiful Initiative, a multi-agency, multi-jurisdictional ecosystem management effort that will strengthen conservation partnerships between communities and Federal partners such as DOI, USDA, and NOAA. The President’s first-of-its-kind goal of conserving and restoring 30 percent of America’s lands and waters by 2030, and his climate-smart agriculture and forestry initiative will incentivize America’s farmers, ranchers, and forest landowners to sequester carbon in soils and vegetation, and support States and Tribal Nations. Investments include:

  • $5.9 billion in DOI climate adaptation and resilience programs to mitigate the impacts of climate change—such as drought, wildfire and severe storms—on America’s communities, lands, waters, and wildlife. This includes sustaining funding for key conservation and ecosystem management initiatives, including the Civilian Climate Corps, alongside a historic $1.4 billion investment in the BIL for ecosystem restoration across America. This also includes:
    • $647 million for the Bureau of Reclamation to address the historic drought in the West, help ensure that all communities across the Nation have access to a resilient and reliable water supply by investing in water conservation, and develop desalination technologies, and water recycling and reuse projects. This funding is in addition to the $1.66 billion provided through the BIL for FY 2023.
    • $67 million for the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Partners for Fish and Wildlife program, which assists private landowners interested in restoring and enhancing wildlife habitat on their land, and $598 million for the Refuge System, which includes funding for wildlife and habitat management. 
    • $17 million increase for Endangered Species Act project consultation capacity at the Fish and Wildlife Service, in order to effectively support the surge in economic recovery and infrastructure development funded under the BIL while balancing wildlife conservation. 
    • $665 million at the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) to improve the resiliency and adaptability of BLM-managed lands to climate change and other stressors.
  • Nearly $1.2 billion to increase resilience and mitigate the impacts of climate change on private working agricultural lands through the programs of the Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS). This includes sustained funding for key climate priorities, such as establishing a soil health monitoring network that will include a network of soil sampling sites, integrating soil carbon monitoring into the conservation planning process, and efforts to increase the internal capacity of NRCS staff regarding key soil carbon and climate smart activities. Additionally, the USDA Budget supports administration of USDA’s Partnership for Climate-Smart Commodities, which is an existing $1 billion initiative to incentivize farmers to deploy practices that sequester carbon and reduce greenhouse gas emissions from their operations, while developing new markets for agricultural commodities produced with climate-smart practices.
  • $579 million for the EPA Geographic Programs, which fund ecosystem restoration activities in America’s critical watersheds including the Great Lakes and Chesapeake Bay.
  • $48 million to build a more equitable National Park System. Through this initiative, DOI would expand operations at parks that preserve and tell the story of historically underrepresented and marginalized groups, further integrate Tribal viewpoints into park management, address transportation barriers to parks from underserved communities, and improve park accessibility for visitors and employees with disabilities.


The Budget calls for a historic and needed investment in climate and clean energy innovations to create new jobs, technology, and tools that empower American companies, workers, and communities to compete effectively and lead the world in global markets for clean energy technology and climate solutions. This includes $12 billion for clean energy innovation an increase of 32 percent over the FY 2021. Investments include:

  • $5.7 billion across the DOE’s applied energy offices, including $3.3 billion for research, development, and demonstration activities within the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy.
  • $3 billion for DOE’s Office of Science, an increase of 22 percent over FY 2021, for support of climate and clean energy research at the National Laboratories and universities, including the new Energy Earthshot Research Centers. The overall budget for DOE’s Office of Science is $7.8 billion, an 11 percent increase over FY 2021.
  • $700 million for DOE’s Advanced Research and Projects Agency – Energy (ARPA-E), including expanded authority for ARPA-E to more fully address innovation gaps around adaptation, mitigation, and resilience to the impacts of climate change.
  • $500 million for National Science Foundation (NSF) R&D in clean energy and emission mitigation technologies.
  • More than $625 million for clean energy investments at the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), including $510 million for the Aeronautics program to reduce the climate impacts of the aviation industry. This includes the Sustainable Flight National Partnership, through which NASA and U.S. companies will develop and fly a highly-efficient, next-generation airliner prototype as early as 2026.
  • $245 million across the USDA to accelerate research and development of next-generation biofuel technologies that will be a critical part of the clean energy future.
  • $349 million for Core Science Systems at the U.S. Geological Survey. These programs provide the Nation with access to science, information, data, imagery, and geospatial frameworks to better manage natural resources, support new infrastructure planning, and plan for and respond to natural hazards.

Improves Climate Science, Environmental Data, and Forecasting. The Budget significantly improves the Nation’s ability to predict extreme weather and climate events so that American businesses and communities can have accurate and accessible information to allow them to better prepare for these kinds of events. The Budget proposes over $5 billion for a broad portfolio of climate science research, along with billions in related investments across multiple agencies, including the DOI, NASA, the Department of Commerce, the NSF and others, to improve understanding of our changing climate and inform adaptation and resilience measures. Investments include:

  • $2.4 billion for NASA Earth-observing satellites and related research to improve the Nation’s understanding of climate change. The new satellite missions will form an Earth System Observatory that will provide a 3D, holistic view of Earth that’s needed to better understand natural hazards and climate change. Additionally, NASA is planning an Earth Information Center with an initial focus on working with EPA to prototype capabilities for a greenhouse gas monitoring and information system that will integrate data from a variety of sources with a goal of making data more accessible to federal, state, and local governments, researchers, and other users. These efforts will be implemented in coordination with other agencies and partners.
  • $2.3 billion at NOAA for the next generation of weather satellites to provide a robust and predictable long-term funding strategy to develop new weather detection capabilities to help plan for extreme weather events.
  • $375 million at DOI to advance understanding of the impacts of climate change; unlock new opportunities to reduce climate risk through innovative mitigation and adaptation research; work with partners in developing plans to conserve landscapes across the country; and ensure that coastal, fire-prone, and other particularly vulnerable communities have accurate and accessible information to allow them to better respond to the climate crisis. The Budget also supports the development of a new Federal climate data portal that will provide the public with accessible information on historical and projected climate impacts, inform decision-making, and strengthen community climate resilience.
  • $24 million at USDA for climate hubs, a multi-agency undertaking to leverage climate science and increase landowner awareness of—and engagement in—efforts to combat climate change.  The Budget also supports multi-agency efforts to integrate science-based tools into conservation planning in order to measure, monitor, report, and verify carbon sequestration, greenhouse gas reduction, wildlife stewardship, and other environmental services at the farm level and on Federal lands.  In addition, the Budget increases funding for priority climate research at USDA by $148 million over FY 2021, and provides an increase of $103 million for innovative mechanisms to incentivize the adoption of climate-smart agricultural practices, and to open new markets for climate-smart commodities at scale.
  • $913 million at the NSF for research to better understand climate change and its adverse impacts.

These investments are examples of the Biden-Harris Administration once again prioritizing investment in R&D at historic levels in the President’s FY 2023 Budget. In total, the Budget provides $204.9 billion for Federal R&D, a 28 percent increase over the FY 2021. Additional information is available in the R&D chapter of the Analytical Perspectives Volume.


The Budget includes over $11 billion to advance the President’s historic pledge to quadruple international climate finance. When enacted, this funding will meet the President’s pledge a year early. U.S. international climate assistance and financing would: accelerate the global energy move towards net-zero emissions by 2050; increase energy independence and security; help developing countries build resilience to the growing impacts of climate change, including through the President’s Emergency Plan for Adaptation and Resilience and other programs; and support the implementation of the President’s Plan to Conserve Global Forests: Critical Carbon Sinks.

  • $5.3 billion in appropriated climate assistance, including $1.6 billion for the Green Climate Fund, a critical multilateral tool for financing climate adaptation and mitigation projects in developing countries.
  • More than $5.5 billion in development finance and other credit transactions, including a $3.2 billion loan to the Clean Technology Fund to accelerate the clean energy transition in developing countries.
  • $200 million for the first year of a new $1 billion mandatory Clean Energy Manufacturing program at the Department of Energy will build resilient supply chains for climate and clean energy equipment through engagement with allies. This will enable an effective global response to the climate crisis while creating economic opportunities for the United States to increase its share of the global clean technology market and support high labor, environmental, community, and sustainability standards globally.


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