Resource Management Offices

OMB has six Resource Management Offices (RMOs), organized by agency and by program area. These offices include,

  1. Education, Income Maintenance, & Labor Programs;
  2. Climate, Energy, Environment, & Science Programs;
  3. Housing, Treasury, & Commerce Programs;
  4. National Security Programs;
  5. Health Program; and
  6. Transportation, Homeland Security, Justice, & Services Programs. 

These offices, together with OMB’s Budget Review Division and the Office of Economic Policy, help to carry out OMB’s central activity of assisting the President in overseeing the preparation of the Federal Budget, supporting the Administration’s legislative agenda on the Hill, and supervising its execution by Executive Branch agencies.  In helping to formulate the President’s budget plans, the RMOs assess the effectiveness of agency programs, policies, and procedures; weigh competing funding demands within and among agencies; and work with agencies and other White House policy offices to set funding priorities. 

Once the Budget is enacted, RMOs are responsible for the execution of Federal budgetary policies and provide ongoing policy and management guidance to Federal agencies.   As part of these and other responsibilities, the RMOs provide analysis and evaluation of policy options, oversee their implementation, and develop and support government-wide management initiatives. 

The Budget Review Division

The Budget Review Division (BRD) plays a central role in developing and implementing the President’s Budget. BRD provides leadership and analytic support across the agency by analyzing the overall budget picture and the impact of policy options on that picture, and providing technical expertise on budget concepts and execution. BRD aggregates data provided by the RMOs, provides strategic and technical support for budget decision-making and negotiations, maintains IT systems to support budget formulation and execution, and monitors congressional action on appropriations and other spending legislation.

Economic Policy Division

The Economic Policy Division (EP) supports RMOs and other offices with policy proposals, budget estimates, cost models, benefit-cost analysis, and data analytics. EP also helps develop economic assumptions for the President’s Budget and works closely with BRD on fiscal issues. Within EP, The Evidence Team collaborates across OMB on setting evidence priorities, appropriate evaluation methodologies, program design, and developing agency capacity to build and use evidence.

OMB Management Offices

The management side of OMB is comprised of five offices that oversee and coordinate implementation of the President’s Management Agenda and government-wide management policy. Three of the offices are statutory offices: the Office of Federal Financial Management, the Office of Federal Procurement Policy, and the Office of the Federal Chief Information Officer. These offices are responsible for financial management, procurement, and information technology and cybersecurity policy, respectively. The Performance and Personnel Management Office is responsible for mission performance and program management policy, Federal workforce policies, and coordination of cross-cutting reform efforts. OMB’s management offices work closely with RMOs and agencies, including the inter-agency management councils, to develop, implement, and evaluate the statutory requirements and administration priorities for which they are responsible. These responsibilities are central to OMB’s efforts to improve the effectiveness and efficiency of the government and support agencies achieving their mission, service, and stewardship. The U.S. Digital Service works with agencies on high-impact, public-facing digital service projects.

The Made In America Office

The Made in America Office (MIAO) supports a high priority initiative of the President outlined in Executive Order (EO) No. 14005, ensuring the future is Made in All of America by All of America’s Workers and other relevant legislation and Executive Orders. MIAO supports a variety of high visibility whole-of-government initiatives aimed at implementing clear and consistent processes to review procurement and financial assistance waivers to Made in America laws; publicize waiver information to help U.S. firms to identify opportunities to do business with the Federal government; analyze data to drive policymaking that promotes a comprehensive manufacturing and innovation strategy; and participate in interagency committees to infuse support for domestic sourcing into senior level policy conversations.

Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs (OIRA)

OIRA is a statutory part of the Office of Management and Budget that plays a vital role in helping the Administration achieve the Executive Branch’s information policy and regulatory oversight objectives.  In reviewing draft Federal regulations before agencies publish them, OIRA’s work involves aspects of administrative law and cost-benefit analysis.  OIRA routinely conducts and reviews analysis of proposed Federal regulations to determine their economic impacts; identify any scientific, privacy, and legal issues; and explore tradeoffs and alternative approaches.  OIRA’s information policy role involves developing and overseeing the implementation of Executive Branch policies in several areas, including privacy, information quality, and statistical standards, as well as approving Federal information collections.  In support of its various roles, OIRA also regularly reviews proposed legislation, OMB and EOP policy documents, and other directives. 

Legislative Reference Division

The Legislative Reference Division coordinates the articulation of the Administration’s position on legislation by overseeing the review and clearance of the legislative proposals, testimony, and statements on bills progressing through the Congress.

Under Executive Order 11030, as amended, OMB is tasked with substantively reviewing and clearing all draft Presidential Executive Orders and Memoranda to Agency Heads prior to their issuance. Draft executive orders and Presidential memoranda are to be submitted for signature to the President by the Director of OMB and OMB’s General Counsel.

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